(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Church at Home and Abroad, The (Jan. - June 1898)"

'/" 



PRJBSBYTERIAII HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

425 UWB*HD STREET 

PHILADELPHIA. PA. 19147 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/churchat23pres 



THE CHURCH 



AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY 



BY ORDER OF 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



Volume XXIII. 



PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK, 

Witherspoon Building, 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

1898. 



IND 



WwSSfmMMMK 

475 Riverside. Drive, New York 27, X. Y. 

'arsons' Hook . . 80. 358 Brazil. First Martyr in 



Africa, A Life for, Notice of Miss Parsons' Book . . 80, 358 

Africa, A Trip to Elat 34 

Africa, Dangers and Annoyances 392 

Africa Elat, Produce Exchange at 492 

Africa, Exchange Places 503 

Africa, Heli Chatelain's Mission in 378 

Africa, Itineration in 219 

Africa, Morals of West 392 

Africa, Natal a Good Place to Live 76 

Africa, News from Uganda 299 

Africa, Progress in Uganda 171 

Africa, Possibilities of Manly Character in 77 

Africa, Railway in 3 

Africa, South, Presbyterian Union in t . . . 3 

Africa, The Benga Scriptures 18 

Africa, Zulu Chief and Christianity 171 

Alaska, A Thrilling Experience 49 

Alaska, Great Opportunities in 422 Ch | na » A Piclure and an Appeal 



PAGE. 

Brazil, First Martyr in .... '. 494 

Brazil, The Indians of 118 

Brooks, W. F., D.D 109 

Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip 435 

Buddhism vs. Christianity 171 

Calvin, Expositions and Prayers from, Notice of the Book 80 

Calvin, Great Principles of His Teaching 68 

Carey, His Bible Translations 174,450 

Cattell, W. C, D.D., LL.D 195, 325 

Ceylon, Material Progress in 378 

Chamberlain, Dr., His Faith 293 

Chatelain, Mr. Heli 378 

Children's Day 236 

Children, Preaching to 438 

China, A Friend of 98 

China, A Funeral in 106 

.... 211 



Alaska, Missions in , 197 

Alaska, More Reindeer for 196 

Alaska, New Metlakahtla 378 

Alaska, Peril to Metlakahtla 196 

Alaska, Prose and Poetry of 527 

Alaska Rescuers 142 

Alaska, Resources, Social Conditions 528 

Alaskan's Creed 353 

Americans from Oversea 451 

Amerman, W. L., His Christian Work 436 

Arabia, the Bible in 19 

Asheville, Schools at 387 

Austin, Rev. A. C, Thrilling Experience 49 

Austin, Rev. A. E., Nineteen Years in Alaska 423 

Barber Memorial Building 417 

Barriers to the Truth 124 

Barrows, Dr. J. H., His Lectures 297 

Basle Missionary Society 170 

Behind a Veil ' 114 

Beirut Female Seminary 403 

Bell, Story of its Origin .' 439 

Beneficence, New Standard in 208 

Benevolent Offerings 101 

Bible Authority and Motive for Foreign Missions 26 

Bible, Carey's Bengali Version 174 

Bible, Carey's Translations 450 

Bible, Foreign Missions and the 29 

Bible Incidents in Foreign Missions 18 

Bible Society, American, and Foreign Missions 97 

Bible, The Benga Scriptures 18 

Bible Translation 17 

Bible, What it did for Neesima 174 

Bibles for Half the Human Race 353 

Biddle University, Financial Agent for 15 

Boards, A Plea for Our 409 

Boards of the Presbyterian Church 169 

Boards, Why in Debt 238 

Book Notices 80, 171, 263, 358, 451 

Books, Readings from Recent 76,172 

Boulder Church, Waterloo, Iowa 66 

Boys' Missionary Society 256 



China, Asking for Teachers 161 

China Awakening 192 

China, Blind Leaders in 97 

China, Change of Attitude 472 

China, Christians in 353 

China, Consecrated Christians 161 

China, Darkness and Light 162 

China, Educational Influences in 377 

China, Enthusiasm and Success in 502 

China, Good Tidings from Canton 25 

China, Influence of Foreigners 171 

China, Influence of Missionaries in 300 

China, Light in 379 

China, Li Hung Chang's Protest 301 

China, Religious Faith of 393 

China, Rev. Geo. Cornwell's Work 394 

China, The Old Testament in Civil Service Examinations, 3 

China, True Light Seminary, Canton 404 

China, Work of Rev. J. P. Irwin 394 

Chinaman, Some Aspects of the 449 

Chinese Convert, Lee Chack Hoa 159 

Chinese Convert, Kin Laon 536 

Chinese Convert, Sou San Fouloy 345 

Chinese New Year and Debt Paying 234 

Chinese Women and Education 192 

Chile, Dr. David Trumbull in 302 

Christ.filled Life, Notice of the Book 81 

Christian Endeavor in College Life 342 

Christian Endeavor, Presbyterian Adaptation of .... 163 

Christian Training Course 5, 68, 164, 348 

Christian Training Course Programs 69, 165, 257, 349, 441, 537 
Christianity and the Progress of Man, Notice of the Book . 176 

Christianity the Only Faith 126 

Church Erection 46, 131, 202, 322, 419, 513 

Church Erection, American Armenian Church 323 

Church Erection, A " Preferred Creditor" 45 

Church Erection, Architectural Plans 419 

Church Erection, How one Church was Finished .... 203 

Chnrch Erection, Importance of 46 

Church Building, Notice of Book on . . 358 

Church Erection, Receipts for November, 1897 182 

Church Erection, Receipts for December, 1897 183 



(*44(*f 



111 



IV 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Church Erection, Receipts for January, 1898 275 

Church Erection, Receipts for February, 1898 369 

Church Erection, Receipts for March, 1898 462 

Church Erection, Receipts for April, 1898 543 

Church Erection, The Loan Fund 419 

Church Erection, The Year's Work 515 

Church Erection, Yoirtig People and 131 

Church at East Hampton,X. I 79 

Church in the Development of our Country. ....... 54 

Colleges and Academies 41, 129, 224, 317, 433, 507 

Colleges and Academies, Annual Report 507 

Colleges and Academies, Christian vs. Secular Education . 433 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for November, 1897 . . 89 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for December, 1897 . . 181 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for January, 1898 . . . 274 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for February, 1898 . . 368 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for March, 1898 .... 459 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for April, 1898 .... 560 

Colleges and Academies, Training of Christian Teachers, 224 

Colleges and Academies, Why " Education Day ? " . . . 41 

College Board and Young People 129 

College, Influences of 450 

College, Value of the Presbyterian 131 

College, Why go to? 131 

Colonial Puritan Meeting Houses 513 

Colorado, University of 226 

Consecration in Real Life 158 

Constantinople, American College for Girls 160 

Contribute through the Board 205 

Country, Our 53 

Crime, Epidemic of 192 

Cuba, Destruction of the " Maine" 283 

Cuba, Miss Barton in 283 

Culbertson, Miss, Her Noble Work 402 



Davies, Samuel, Aided in his Education 347 

Debt, How it was Raised 114 

Denominational Loyalty 47 

Denominational Rivalry, Generous 100 

Drummond, Henry, Mr. Moody on 80 

Eaton, Rev. John, Ph.D., LL.D 385 

Eddy, Dr. Mary, Twofold Work in Syria 19 

Eddy, Wm. W., D.D., A Missionary Family 488 

Education 35, 136, 226, 315, 411, 509 

Education, Christian vs. Secular 433 

Education, History, Functions and Sphere of the Board . 315 

Educatipn, Presbyterian Students of State Institutions . 226 

Education, Receipts for November, 1897 87 

Education, Receipts for December, 1897 ... ... 270 

Education, Receipts for January, 1898 271 

Education, Receipts for February, 1898 . . 366 

Education, Receipts for March, 1898 540 

Education, The Board's System of Aiding Candidates . . 35 

Education, This Year's Enrollment 138 

Education, Young People and 347 

Evangelistic Missions 103 

Everett, Miss Eliza D., in Beirut 403 

Ewing, J. C. R.,D.D 394 



Fairbairn, His Lectures in India 285 

Faith in One's Star and in God 291 

Foote, Admiral 162 

Foreign Missions 17, 113, 205, 297, 391, 487 

Foreign Missions and Sociology 23 

Foreign Missions and the Bible 29 

Foreign Missions, a Long Work 356 



Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss: 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss: 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss: 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 
Foreign Miss 



page. 

ons, Bible Incidents in 18 

ons, Board of, Economy 391 

ons, Duty of the Church 33 

on Interest in the Home Church 31 

ons, Lambeth Conference and 18 

ons, Notes from Treasurer's Department 24 

ons of the World 97 

ons, Paying the Debt 487 

ons, Plea for the Debt 303 

ons, Presbyterian, Sixty Years of 113 

on Necrology 487 

on Receipts for November, 1897 86 

on Receipts for December, 1897 180 

on Receipts for January, 1898 267 

on Receipts for February, 1898 364 

on Receipts for March, 1898 453 

ons, The Bible and 26 

ons, Why Debt Should be Canceled .... 25 

onaries, Qualities Needed 499 

onary Calendar 25, 113, 209, 393 

onary Conference in 1900 97 

onary Conference 206 

onary Inspiration, Whence Derived?. ... 27 

Freedmen 14,108,229,294,417,516 

Freedmen, A Good Showing 516 

Freedmen, As much as Last Year 229 

Freedmen's Board, Fourfold Work of 110 

Freedmen, Good Will Mission 294 

Freedmen, New Barber Memorial Building 417 

Freedmen, Pictorial Presentation of the Board's Work. . 15 

Freedmen, Receipts for November, 1897 . 186 

Freedmen, Receipts for December, 1897 277 

Freedmen, Receipts for January, 1898 371 

Freedmen, Receipts for February, 1898 465 

Freedmen, Receipts for Marih, 1898 563 

Freedmen, Work of Presbyterian Church for 346 

Freedmen, Young People's Societies and 108 



Geneseo Collegiate Institute 225 

Giving, A Lesson in 418 

Giving, The Joy of 158, 160 

Gladstone on the United States 437 

Gleanings at Home and Abroad 170, 353 

" God on the Rock " 65 

Gold, Discovered by James W. Marshall 47 

Good, Dr. A. C., Life of, noticed 80,359 

Good, Dr. A. C, itinerating 219 



Hainan, Heroic Effort in 

Hainan, The French and 

Happer, Andrew 

Hardy, U. S. Minister in Persia 

Hawaii, First Protestant House of Worship 

Hawaii, Notes on 

Hawaii, the Missionary Kekela 

Hawaii, the Paradise of the Pacific .... 

Hawaii, the Volcano Kilauea 

Hawaiian Evangelical Association 

Hawaiian Foliage 

Hawaiian Question 

Hawthorne, Julian, on Christianity in India 

Hawthorne, Julian, on India's Poverty 

Hinduism, Christianity and 

Hinduism, Decaying • • • 

Hingham, Mass., Meeting-house 

Holy Spirit, Grieve not 

Home Mission Appointments 60, 155, 250, 339, 



98 
213 

377 

14 

13 

14 

6 

10 

12 

13 

191 

78 

79 

392 

488 

513 

305 

432 



INDEX. 



Home Mission Letters : page. 

Alaska 151, 428 

Arizona 152, 336, 429 

Arkansas 249 

California 75 

Florida 429 

Idaho 58,153,248 

Indian Territory 153 

Iowa 154,336 

Kansas 337 

Montana 154, 429 

Michigan 337 

Minnesota 57, 154, 430 

Nebraska 338 

Nevada 59 

New Mexico 154, 338 

New York 249, 429 

North Carolina 53, 429 

Oregon 59, 154 

South Dakota 59, 430 

Tennessee 430 

Texas 250, 338 

Utah 59, 339, 430 

Washington 430 

Home Mission Receipts for November, 1897 84 

Home Mission Receipts for December, 1897 177 

Home Mission Receipts for January, 1898 264 

Home Mission Receipts for February, 1898 361 

Home Mission Receipts for March, 1898 550 

Home Mission Receipts for April, 1898 557 

Home Missions 47, 142, 237, 328, 421, 520 

Home Missions, Finances of the Board 143 

Home Missions, How to Pay the Debt 144 

Home Missions, One Secretary 238 

Home Missions, Our Country 53 

Home Missions, State of the Treasury 47 

Home Missions, The Board of. ... . 244 

Home Missions, The New Year 522 

Home Missions, Value of 288 

Home Missions, Woman's Work in 425 

Home Missionary Heroes 168 

Home Missionary Pictures 63 

Ideal, Power of an 342 

Illinois, Down in " Egypt " 254 

Illinois, First Presbyterian House of Worship 5 

Illinois, State University of 411 

India, Carey's Bengali Bible 174 

India, Cause of her Poverty 79 

India, Christianity and Hinduism 392 

India, Christianity the only Hope for 78 

India, Dr. Chamberlin's Faith 293 

India, Famine in 98 

India, Four-legged Chapel 171 

India, Influence of Christian School 171 

India, Influence of Christianity in 489 

India, Missionary Spirit of Ceylon Students 62 

India, Native Church in 420 

India, Outlook in .... 391 

India, Progress in 489 

India, Results of Missionary Education 391 

India, Training a Native Ministry 312 

India, Triumphs of Missionary Effort 355 

India, Who Rules 488 

Indian Camp-meeting 143 

Indian Dialects 449 

Indian Territory, Illiterates in 377 

Indians, Changing Conditions 149 

Indians, Nez Perce 237 

Indians, Nez Perce Celebration 422 



PAGE. 

Indians, Noble Red Man 330 

Indians, Our Work among 148 

Indians, Teaching Them to Read 65 

Indians, The Outing System 356 

Indians, The Sioux 142 

Indians, A Sioux Pastor 143 

Indians, Their Inheritance 438 

Indians, Work of Government for 150 

Islands of the Pacific, Notice of the Book 80 

Jackson, Sheldon, D.D., Purchasing Reindeer 100 

Japan among the Nations ■ 98 

Japan, Dr. G. F. Verbeck in 380 

Japan, Encouragemenfin 172 

Japan, Evangelist Sakai and His Wife . . 20 

Japan, " Face to Face with God" 252 

Japan, Her Watchword 79 

Japan, Influence of Christianity in 78 

Japan, Missionary Tour in 20 

Japan, Mr. Hearn's " Gleanings from Buddha Fields " . . 76 

Japan, National Hospitality 97 

Japan, Nationalism a Barrier to Progress of Gospel ... 78 

Japan, Suggestive Program on 66 

Japan, Three Chaplains for the Army 76 

Japanese Christian, Consecration of 344 

Japanese Hotel 22 

Jehuism 439 

Jessup, Henry H., D.D 210 

Just One at a Time 216 

Kafiristan, Request for Teachers 410 

Kansas, S. S. Missions in 414 

Kekela, The Hawaiian Missionary 14 

Kingdom, Progress of the 97 

Klondike, Letter from 524 

Klondike, Missions in the 283 

Klondike, Tidings from 210 

Korea and Her Neighbors, Notice of the Book 176 

Korea, Asking for Teachers 172, 173 

Korea, Encouragement from 216 

Korea, King becomes Emperor 4 

Korea, Medical Missions and Schools 173 

Korea, Object Lesson in Seoul 61 

Korea, Russia's Influence in 98 

Korea, Six Points from Pyeng Yang 406 

Korea, White for the Harvest in 496 

Korea, Work at Fusan 395 

Kingdom, Material Progress and the 378 

King's Daughters' Work 437 

Labaree, Dr.Benj., His Bereavement 487 

Lapps, Colony of, in the United States 535 

Larson, Anna, M.D., Death of 113 

Lebanon, Crossing the 407 

Legacy, An Embarrassing 307 

Legge, Prof. James 98 

Liberality, Cultivation of, among the Young 136 

Liberia, Trouble in 378 

Li Hung Chang 97 

Li Hung Chang's Protest 300 

Lincoln, A Monument to 191 

Lincoln University, Vail Memorial Library 316 

Little Things, Value of 344 

Lottery, Last of the 98 

Lynching, Prevention of 285 

Mackay of Uganda 444 

Mackenzie, John K., M.D 259 

McMillan, D. J., D.D 147,194 

Madagascar, A Christian Student 231 



VI 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Madagascar, Missions in 377 

Magazines, With the 78, 449 

Manchuria, Scotch Missions in 172 

Manchuria, Spiritual Harvest in 300 

Marshall, James W., Discoverer of Gold 47 

Marshall, W. K., D.D 331 

Mateer, Mrs. C. W., Death of 490 

Matthews, Dr. G. D., in Oroomiah 18 

Mazawakinyanna, Louis 143 

Mecklenburgh Declaration of Independence 387 

Mecklenburg Memorial 471 

Medical Missionaries of Presbyterian Board 399 

Medical Missionaries, Their Work 449 

Melrose, Rev. J. C., Death of ... 206 

Men I Have Known, Notice of the Book 81 

Methodist Federation 191 

Methodist Missions 3 

Metlakahtla, The New 4, 378 

Metlakathla, New, Incident at 437 

Mexican Convert in Arizona 47 

Mexican Mission, Self-help in 394 

Mexico, Incident in Pueblo 18 

Ministerial Relief 43,133,232,325,409,518 

Ministerial Relief, Heraldic Significance of the Seal . . . 232 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for November, 1897 90 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for December, 1897 184 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for January, 189S . .... 276 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for February, 1898 370 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for March, 1898 546 

Ministerial Relief Receipts for April, 1898 549 

Ministerial Relief, Report to Synod of Ohio . 43 

Ministerial Relief, Study of 193 

Ministerial Relief, Word From Far West . . 518 

Minnesota Valley 82 

Mission Debt, How Raised 114 

Mission Debts, The Way out 121 

Mission Field, Its Vastness 121 

Missionary Commandments 101 

Missionary Comity Ill 

Missionary History, Study of 62 

Missionary, Loneliness of 77 

Missionary News by Telephone 67 

Missionary Periodicals 98 

Missionary Prelude 193 

Missionary Service, Substitutes for . Ill 

Missionary Society, Boys' 256 

Missionary Societies, Their Purpose 157, 158, 159 

Missionary Spirit in a Child 343 

Missionary Society, Successful 439 

Missionary Support and Golden Rule 287 

Missionaries Encourage Patriotism 355 

Missions and Politics 398 

Missions, Apostolic and Modern, the book noticed . . . 359 

Missions, Evangelistic 103 

Missions, Faith and Success 299 

Missions, Honey Money for 158 

Missions in First Century and Nineteenth 115 

Missions, Instruction in 194 

Missions, Supreme Aim 215 

Missions, Value of the Study of 62 

Moffat, Robert, and Africaner 172 

Mormon Morals 421 

Mormon Propagandism 192, 330 

Mormons 237, 248 

Mormons, The Old Story 424 

Mormonism, Sheldon Jackson College 383 

Morocco, Mode of Punishment in 171 

Morrison, Mrs. Anna S., Death 297 



377 
309 
309 
506 

506 



PAGE. 

Mountain People, What Presbyterian Church is Doing for, 386 

Mountain Whites, Outline History of 146 

Muller, Rev. George 97 

National Crisis 

Native Agents 

Native Church 

Nebraska, Material Development of 

Nebraska, Sabbath-school Missions in 

Necrology : 

Barnett. Frank F 

Beck, T. Romeyn, D.D 

Billingsby, Rev. Amos S 

Brooks, W. F., D.D 

Cattell, William C, D.D , LL.D 

Davis, John A 

Deruelle, Daniel 

Dorland. Luke, D D 

Elliott, Addison S 

Forsythe, James C 

Freshman, Jacob, D.D 

Greenleaf, Joseph 

Hickey, Yates 

Holmes, Hamilton B 

Hubbard, John Niles 

Irwin, David Johnson, D.D 

Keigwin, Ernest F 

Marks, Lafayette, D.D 

Maxwell, George M., D.D 

McCool, James B., M.D 

McLeod, David 

Niles, William Allen, D.D 

Rulifson, Albert G 

Sandford, Richard M 

Shriver, S. J 

Swain, John L 

Taylor, Augustus 

Vincent, William R., D.D 

Vincent, R. W 

Waugh, John 

Webb, Edward 

Woodhull, Gilbert T., D.D 

Woods, Alexander Miller 

Wyckoff, Samuel 

Young, James 

Neesima and the Scriptures 

Negro, A Faithful .... 

Negroes, The Training Needed 

Nelson, Henry A., D-D 4, 48, 

Nestorian Landmark Gone 

Nevada, Loneliness of Presbyterians in 

Nevius, John L , D.D 

Niles, Mary W., M.D 

North Carolina, Notes from 

Noyes, Henry V. D.D 

Noyes Miss Harriet, at Canton 

Offerings, Jubilee 

Omaha Theological Seminary . . . 



452 

152 

82 

452 

452 

452 

360 

82 

360 

176 

360 

360 

83 

83 

83 

452 

176 

360 

83 

83 

452 



Patriotism, Intelligent 

Pauperism, The Problem of 

Pease, Mr. and Mrs., at Asheville. . . . 

Persia, Affairs in 

Persia, Malek Yonan 

Persia, Itinerating in 

Persia, Minister Hardy in. . 

Persia, Native Agents in 

Persia, Notice of Mr. Wilson's Book. . . 
Persia, Presbyterian Hospital at Teheran 



452 

452 

360 

452 

452 

360 

176 

83 

452 

360 

83 

83 

83 

174 

158 

357 

111 

17 

382 

72 

161 

423 

489 

405 

213 
509 

142 

78 



345 
220 
377 
319 

80 
377 



LNDEX. 



VII 



PAGE. 

Persia, Results of Missionary Effort 234 

Persian Women, Notice of the Book 263 

Politics, Missions and 395 

Poor, Daniel W., D.D 411 

Prayer, The Shortest Way 164 

Prayer Meeting, Appeal for 287 

Preaching the Gospel by Proxy Ill 

Presbyterian Board of Publication, Fire in Chicago. . . . 380 

Presbyterian Church in Benicia, Cal 99 

Presbyterian Church at Lake Forest, 111 100 

Presbyterian Church of Monmouth Co., Seal 289 

Presbyterian Church at Rocky Spring, Pa 5 

Presbyterian Church in Prattsburg, N. Y 175 

Presbyterian Church at Sharon, 111 5 

Presbyterian Church in Waterloo, Iowa 66 

Presbyterian Endeavorers 70, 166, 258, 350, 442, 538 

Presbyterian History, Early 484 

Presbyterian Monument 289 

Presbyterian Union in South Africa 3 

Presbyterianism in Steuben, Notice of the Book 175 

Presbytery of Redstone Plan 102 

Presbytery of San Francisco, Lecture Course 67 

Publication and Sabbath-school Work . . 38, 139, 235, 319, 414, 

505 
Publication and Sabbath-school Work, Phases of Mission 

Work 319 



Questions for Missionary Meeting 



Jo, 170, 352, 448, 539 



Readings from Recent Books 76,172 

Relic, Rare Old 289 

Roberts, Wm. C, D.D. , LL.D. , . . 286 

Russian Tenderness 450 



Sabbath-school Missions and the Young. . . , 
Sabbath-school Missions, Appeal for Clothing 
Sabbath-school, Notes from Mission Field . . 
Sabbath-school, Twentieth-century Movement 



141 



Sabbath-school Work, Presbyterian System of 

Sabbath-school Work Receipts for November, 1897. . . . 
Sabbath-school Work Receipts for December, 1897. . . . 

Sabbath-school Work Receipts for January, 1898 

Sabbath-school Work Receipts for February, 1898 . . . . 

Sabbath-school Work Receipts for March, 1898 

Sabbath- school Work Receipts for April, 1898 ...... 

Salvation Army 

Sanders, Dr. D.J. , and his Mother 

Sanders, Dr. D. J., his early education 

Sartor Resartus 

Savonarola Remembered 

Scotland (S. D.) Academy 

Schwartz, Christian Frederick 

Session and Benevolent Offerings 

Sheldon Jackson College , 

Sholls' Mines, 111 

Shorter Catechism 

Siam, A Christian Official in 

Siam, Baptism of an Old Man 

Siam, Death of an Elder 

Siam, How Mission Work began in Nakawn 

Siam, Touring in 

Sioux, Conquest of the, Notice of the Book 

Social Settlement, Its Purpose 

Sociology, Foreign Missions and 

South, The 

Stephenson, M.ss Florence 382 

Student Volunteer Convention 284 

Student Volunteers . . 

Sunday-school Records, Walter's Ideal System 

Synod of Atlantic, Fraternal Relations 



189 
41 

507 

235, 

,416 

505 

88 

272 

273 

367 

457 

559 

191 

109 

109 

133 

471 

317 

472 

101 

383 

235 

330 

192 

5 

5 

398 

297 

175 

78 

23 

334 

388 

288 

191 

80 

16 



PAGE. 

Synod of Iowa, Home Mission Recommendations , ... 48 

Synod of Nebraska, Missionary's Report 50 

Synod of New Jersey, Receipts of Synodical Home Mission 

Fund 363 

Synod of Ohio, Ministerial Relief Report 43 

Synod of Pennsylvania, Sustentation Receipts 267 

Syria, Beirut Female Seminary 403 

Syria, Crossing the Lebanon . 407 

Syria, Dr. Mary Eddy's Work in 19 

Syria, Items from 49 

Tappan, Henry P. D.D 512 

Temperance, A Good Suggestion 521 

Temperance Reform, Progress in 377 

Tennyson's Consecration 62 

Tennyson, Estimate of 78 

The Glorious Years (poem) 66 

Thompson, Dr. C. L., Statement by 328 

Thompson, Charles L., D.D 287 

Thompson, Jas. B., D D., Death of 490 

297 

302 

124 

209 

285 

97 

. . 39, 141, 235, 321, 416 



Tract Distribution 

Trumbull, David, D.D 

Truth, Barriers to the 

Truth, Punishing the Cause of ... . 

Tuskeegee Conference 

Tuskegee Institute 

Twentieth-century Movement 

Unbelieving World 121 

Underwood, Dr. H. G., His Work in Korea 395,399 

University of Illinois 411 

University of Michigan, Classical Conference at 511 

University of Wooster 411 

University, The Peoples' . 4 

Utah, Sheldon Jackson College 383 

Utah, The Situation in 421, 422 

Vastness of the Field 123 

Verbeck, Guido F., D.D 380 

Villa, Mr. Alexander 47 

Waite,Rev. J. T. H 230 

War, Our Motive in 471 

Weaver, William H., D.D 14 

Webb, Rev. Edward 4M 

Wellesley Spirit, The 159 

Westminster Celebration 283 

West, The New 530 

Westminster Standards 474 

Whitman, In Memory of 3 

Willard, Miss Frances 284, 435 

Wisconsin's Semi Centennial 471 

Wishard, Luther D., His New Work 99,205 

Woman, How Regarded in Moslem Countries 115 

Womanhood, Unrelieved Woes of 400 

Woman's Board of Home Missions 426 

Woman's Work in Home Missions 425 

Women, American Slavery of Chinese 401 

Women Missionaries, Presbyterian 193 

Wooster, University of 411 

Worth Reading 174,358,451 

Wu Ting Fang 1C0 

Yonan, Malek 345 

Young Financiers 520 

Young People's Department 61,157,251,341,435 

Young, Rev. S. Hall 99 

Young, Rev. S. Hall, Letter from 524 

Young People and the College Board 129 

Young People's Society, Its Mission 161 

Young People's Societies and Freedmen 108 



ViJI 



INDEX. 



WRITERS. 



Agnew, Anna E 

Agnew, Benjamin L., D.D 

Baird, Mrs. W. M 

Baird, Rev. W. M 

Bishop, William, D.D 

Blackburn, William E., D.D., LL.D 
Bromfield. Edward T., D.D . . . . 



PAGE. 

133, 409 

. . 195 

. . 406 

. . 496 

. . 315 

. . 224 

. . 236 



Brown, Rev. Allen H 289 

Bryant, Emily J 66 

Byington, Ezra Hoyt, D.D 513 

Chalfant, Rev. F. H It6 

Christensen, Miss H 392 

Coan, Rev. F. G 309 

Churchman, Horace 35 

Conant, Sara L 386 

Covert, Rev. William C 82 

Cuyler, Theo. L. D.D 533 

Danner, Rev. J. Lemoyne 433 

Dennis, James S., D.D 121,400 

Dennis, Mrs. James S 403 

Dunlap, Eugene P., D.D 398 

Eaton. Rev. John, Ph.D., LL.D 12,196 

Edwards, Dr. J. H 169 

Ellinwood, F. F., D.D 23,103,291 

Fiske, Asa S., D.D 53,203,303 

French, Rev. Calvin H 317 

Fulton, Rev. A. A 211,502 

Galbraith, Robert C, D.D 43 

Haworth, Rev. B. C 20 

Hodge, Edward B, D.D 347 

Hoskins, Rev. F. E 407 

Jackson, Sheldon, D.D., LL.D 535 

Jessup, Henry H., D.D 27 

Johnson, Herrick, D.D 305 

Johnston, Rev. W. C 34 

Kimball, William E., D.D 225 

Lane, H. M., M.D IIS 



PAGB. 

Lowrie, Samuel T., D.D ... 325 

Lucas, J. J., D.D :;i2 

MacCauley, Rev. H. B |7l 

McEwen, Henry T., D.D 216 

McEwen, Mrs. Henry T 117 

McCampbell, Letitia W 

McCleary, Rev. C. W 492, 503 

McMillan, Duncan J., D.D 147 

Martin, Prof. Chalmers 115 

Montgomery, Etta 

Mudge, Rev. Lewis S 136 

Nelson, Henry A., D.D 162,439 

Payne, Henry N., D.D 346 

Pentecost, George F., D.D 127 

Perkins, Mrs. Samuel C 404 

Pitzer, Rev. W.A., D.D 439 

Powell, C. K 2->4 

Radcliffe, Wallace, D.D 31 

Remick, X. B., D.D 163 

Roberts, William H., D.D 101 

Robinson, Mrs. Albert B 72,259,444 

Robinson, Mrs. Charles E 256 

Rodgers, Rev. James B 494 

Sexton, Thomas L , D.D 50 

Smith, Rev. T. C.,D.D 345 

Speer, Robert E 162, 309 

Speer, Mrs. Robert E 114 

Thompson, Charles L., D.D 328 

V. F. P 288 

Van Rensselaer, Kiliaen 63 

Watson, Rev. Robert 536 

Waith, Rev. William, Ph.D 6 

White, W. P., D.D 484 

Williamson, Rev. John P • 430 

Wishard, S. E., D.D 237 

Worden. James, D.D S9 

Young. Rev. S. Hall 24'i, 524 



WRITERS OF HOME MISSION LETTERS. 



Adams, Rev. R. N 57 

A'guirre, Rev. A 338 

Armstrong, Rev. T. C 431 

Austin, Rev. A. E 428 

Austin, Rev. A. C 49 

Bantley, Rev. J. C 154 

Beyer, Rev. E. G 154 

Blair, Rev. George A 154 

Bohback, Rev. Philip 339 

Boyd, Rev. J. S 154 

Boyd, Rev. R. P 248 

Coile, Rev. Samuel A 430 

Cook, Rev. Charles H 152 

Corser, Rev. H. P 429 

Cory, Rev. Harlan P 430 

Edwards, Rev. George 429 

Enders, Rev. E. A 337 

Faris, Rev. W. W 429 

Feather, Rev. Nathan 336 

Forbes, Rev. W. O 59 

Gage, John L 154 

Gait, Rev. W. A 338 

Gillespie, Rev. E. J 57 

Grimes, Rev. M. S 532 

Gould, Rev. J. Loomis 532 



Guichard, Rev. G. L. . 
Harmon, William . . , 
Hedges, Rev. James A. 
Hedges, Rev. T. J . . , 



430 

57 

248 

339 

Hines, Rev. James 153 

Hough, Rev. W. A 24S 

Howard, Rev. Henry A 339 

Hunter, Rev. B 337 

Irvine, Rev. J. A 338 

Justema, Rev. H. S 337 

King, Rev. W. R 153 

Kiser, Rev. A. E 337 

La Pointe, Rev. Pierre 95 

Lawrence, Dr. Thomas 58 

Lee, Rev. Theodore 430 

Light, Rev. S 336 

Lower, Rev. William B 338 

McClain, Rev. Josiah 59 

McConnell, Rev. A. W 336 

McCormack, Rev. J. S 154 

Martyn, Rev. A. G 154 

Moore, Rev. Henry W 250 

Payson, Rev. R. A 59 

Petrie, Rev. J 429 

Riale, Rev. J 154 



INDEX. 



IX 



PAGE. 

Riddle, Rev. M. S 59 

Schermerhorn, Rev. H. R 2l9 

Shaw, Rev. A. M. 249 

Sibbet, Rev. L. W 58 

Smith, Rev. Benjamin F 337 

Thompson, Rev. James 154 

Tucker, Rev. H. A 249 

Walker, Elizabeth May 153 

Wallace, Rev. R. H 429 



PAGE. 

Warne, Rev. W. W 151 

Weeks, Rev. Thomas J 431 

Whitlock, Rev. John M 154 

Wieman, Rev. W. H 58 

Willard, Fanny 152 

Williams, Mrs. Ida L 429 

Williams, Rev. W. S 337 

Wishard, S. E., D.D 58 

Wynkoop, Rev. D. M 336 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Africa, Bulu Town 493 

Africa, Efulen House 493 

Africa, Chapel at Kangwe 105 

Alaska, Hyder John's House 199 

Alaska, Juneau 200 

Alaska, Map of 529 

Alaska, Making Pastoral Calls on the Yukon 525 

Alaska, Laplanders and Norwegians in 535 

Alaska, Model Cottages, Sitka 198 

Alaska, Pupils at Juneau Mission 201 

Alaska, Russian Church at Sitka 197 

Alaska, Sheldon Jackson Museum 200 

Alaska, Sitka Mission 196 

Alaska, Totem Poies 197 

Alaskan Women 202 

Allison, Miss M. L 427 

110 

479 

. . " • * 531 

417 

534 

81 



" Arbor Church " 

Argyle, Marquis of 

Armenian Orphan •••.... 

Barber Memorial Seminary 

Barnum, Mrs. M. E 

Benson, Archbishop 

Boulder Presbyterian Church, Waterloo, Iowa 66 

Boyd, Rev. John, Tombstone of 485 

Brazil, Synod of 96 

Cattell, William C, D.D., LL.D 195 

Chalmers, Thomas 68 

Chatelain, Heli 378 

China, Ancestral Worship 122 

China, Christian Congregation at Shanghai 354 

China, Dr. Corbett and Attendants 214 

China, Itinerating in 106 

China, Itinerating in 212 

China, Students at Chefoo 357 

Chinese House Boat , 218 

Chinese Idols, Tungchow 356 

Coleman, William D 379 

Colorado, Summit Bible School 319 

Colorado University, Hale Scientific. 2.6 

Colorado University, Main Building . 228 

Cook, Captain, Monument to 6 

Creek Indians, Missionary Home 150 

Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church, Plainfield, N.J. . 35 

Cumberlands, Cove in the 131 

Cuyler, Theo. L., D.D 533 

Dakota, Winter Scene 145 

Eaton, Rev. John, Ph.D., LL.D 385 

Ebenezer Presbyterian Church, Rome, Ga 16 

Everett, Eliza D 403 

Ewing, J. C. R., D.D 394 

Fiske, Fidelia 437 

Ford of the Ivy, N. C 64 

Geneseo (111.) Collegiate Institute, Atkinson Hall . . . . 225 

Geneseo (111.) Collegiate Institute, Main Building. . . . 225 

" God on the Rock " 65 



Good, A. C, Ph.D 80 

Goodrich, Miss 390 

Good Will Church 296 

Good Will School 295 

George, Dr. William 476 

Hainan, Mission House at Nodoa 395 

Hall, John, D.D. , LL.D 193 

Hawaii, Kamehameha School 11 

Hawaiian Girls, Holiday Attire 8 

Hawaiian Heathen Temple 7 

Hawaiian Hut, Ancient 7 

Hawaiian Woman 9 

Haystack Monument 341 

Henderson, Alexander 477 

Hesser, Mary 436 

Hingham, Mass., Meeting-house 513 

Home Missionary's House after Snow-storm 144 

Honolulu, Harbor of 6 

Honolulu, Kawaiahao Church 12 

Honolulu, Union Church at 10 

Hopkins, Samuel M., D.D 382 

Hughes, Thomas 175 

Idaho, In a Valley of 129 

Illinois, A Bottom-Land Home 255 

Illinois. A Schoolhouse on Stilts 255 

Illinois, Every-day Life in " Egypt " 254 

India, Group from Hill Tribe 104 

India, Hindu Form of Torture 125 

India, Normal Class, Saharanpur Theological Seminary. . 313 

India, Toda Mund, Villagers and Hut 117 

Indian C. E. Society 159 

Indian Territory, Home and Mission Schools (three views) 

149 

Indian Territory, Mission Churches in (three views 1 . . 148 

Indian Presbyterian Church, Kamiah, Idaho 38 

Jackson, Sheldon, D.D., LL.D 383 

Jacob, Pastor 17 

Japanese Hotel 22 

Japan, Harbor of Yawatahama 21 

Japan, Harvest Scene in (two views) 20 

Japan, Mr. and Mrs. Sakai 21 

Japan, Paper Carp 21 

Japan, Temple Home of Mr. Kikuchi 22 

Jerusalem Chamber 478 

Jessup, Henry H., D.D 210 

Joseph and the Boy Jesus 136 

Just Landed 63 

Kansas, Lone Star Mission 415 

Kansas, Tully P. O 414 

Kingsley, Charles 173 

Knox, John 67 

Korea, Hospital at Pyeng Yang 498 

Korea, Miss Wambold's School in Seoul 497 

Korea, School in 495 

Korea, Suburb of Pyeng Yang 49t> 



lKDfcX. 



PAGE. 

Korea, Summer Pavilion 340 

Korean Throne 343 

Laffin,Mrs. J. C 436 

Laos, Native Preachers 306 

Lincoln University, Vail Memorial Library 282 

Map of Alaska 529 

Map of Home of Mountain People. 386 

Map of Monmouth Co., N. J 291 

Map of New West 531 

Marshall, W. K., D.D 332 

McEwen, Rev. W. A., M.D 527 

McFarland, Mrs. A. R 199 

Mackenzie, John K., M.D '259 

McMillan, Duncan J., D.D 194 

Mateer, Mrs. C. W 491 

Mexico, Native Hut, Vera Cruz 119 

Mexico, Native Preachers 308 

Ministerial Relief, Seal of Board 232 

Nebraska, Irrigation in 506 

Neesima and his Wife 355 

Nelson, Henry A., D.D 1 

Nestorian Girls Carrying Water 253 

Nestorian Girls Reaping .... 342 

Nestorian Woman Churning 251 

Nestorian Women Grinding 252 

Nestorian Mountain Costume 253 

Nevius, John L., D.D 72 

New West, Map of 531 

Niles, Mary W., M.D 161 

Niles, Wm. A , D.D 100 

Noyes, Harriet 405 

Noyes, Henry V., D.D 489 

Oldest House in United States 342 

Omaha, Theological Seminary 509 

Perley, Lucy 425 

Persia, Missionary Touring in 223 

Persian Entertainment 156 

Persia, Theological and College Class at Oroomiah. . . . 310 

Presbyterian Monument 290 

Pym, John • ■ • 482 

Riggs, Rev. Alfred L 168 

Roberts. William C, D.D. , LL.D 286 

Rockies, Far Up in the 130 

Rodgers, John, D.D 382 



PAGE. 

Rouse, Francis 480 

Sanders, Dr. D. J., and His Mother 109 

Scotland Academy, S. Dak 317 

Seal of Monmouth Presbyterian Church 289 

Seal of the Presbyterian Church 483 

Seal of the Westminster Assembly 478 

Sheldon Jackson College 376 

Sholls* Mines Mission, 111 235 

Siam Mission Boat 399 

Sibeiia, Native Huts, East Coast 190 

Sioux Indian's Kut 153 

Spalding, Rev. Henry H 169 

Speer, Robert E 163 

Stephenson, Florence 389, 427 

Stephenson, Prof., L. M 524 

Strange People in Our Land 64 

Students's International Medical Society 438 

Sunday-school Children, Groups 139, 140, 141 

Tappan Hall, University of Mich . . 511 

Tappan, Henry P., D.D 512 

Tennessee, In East 130 

Tennent Church, Pulpit of 470 

Thompson, Charles L , D.D 287 

Trumbull, David, D.D 302 

Twisse, Dr. William 475 

Verbeck,GuidoF.,D.D 381 

Waite, Rev. J. T. H 230 

Wallis, Dr. John 481 

Weaver, Rev. W. H., D.D 15 

Webb, Rev. Edward 486 

Wheeler, Phebe H 425 

Washington, Booker T 285 

Willard, Frances E 284 

Wisconsin, Group of School Girls 129 

Wisconsin, Rib Mission, Nassau 320 

Wooster University, Hoover Cottage 413 

Wooster University, Main Building 412 

Worcester, Samuel A., D.D 143 

Wu Ting Fang 160 

Yonan, Malek 345 

Yonan, Mrs. Isaac M 344 

Young, Rev. S. Hall 526 

Williamson, John P., D.D 168 

Zion Presbyterian Church, Charleston, S. C 516 





HENRY A. NELSON, D.D. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 

JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 
Charles A. Dickey, D.D., John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, Charles L. Thompson, D.D., 

Warner Van Norden, Esq., Stealy B. Kossiter, D D., Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, Henry T. McEwen, D.D., William C. Roberts, D.D. 

Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



D. J. McMillan, D.D., 
F. F Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D 
Edward B Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
Edward C. Ray, D.D. 



[Each of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found in the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.] 



Contents. 



Current Events and the Kingdom, . . .3 

Editorial Notes, 5 

Hawaii, the Paradise of the Pacific (nine illus- 
trations), Rev. William Waith, Ph.D., . 6 

Hawaiian Evangelical Association, Gen. John 
Eaton, LL.D., 12 

FREEDMEN.— Rev. William H. Weaver, D.D. 
(with portrait)— Fraternal Relations (illus- 
tration), 14 

FOREIGN MISSIONS.— Notes (with portrait 
of " Bishop Jacob "), 17 

Bible Incidents in Foreign Missions, . . .18 

A Missionary Tour in Japan (six illustrations), 
Rev. B. C. Eaworth, 20 

Missions and Sociology, F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., 23 

Notes from Treasurer's Department— Why the 
Debt should be Paid, 24 

Concert of Prayer, Topic for January, . . 26 

Whence Missionary Inspiration, H. H. Jessup, 
D.D., 27 

Foreign Missions and the Bible, Edward W. 
Gilman, D.D., 29 

Mission Interest in the Home Church, Wal- 
lace Radcliffe, D.D. 31 

The Missionary Duty of the Church, The Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, 33 

Letter— A Missionary Lady in the Bush, Rev. 
W. C, Johnston, 34 

EDUCATION.— Address of Elder Horace 
Churchman (illustration), . . . .35 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL 
WORK.— Brevities (illustration)— Twenti- 
eth-century Movement, James A. Worden, 
D. D.— Appeal for Clothing, . . .38 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.— Why "Ed- 
ucation Day"? . . ... 41 

MINISTERIAL RELIEF.— Report to the Sy- - 
nod of Ohio, Robert C. Qalbraith, D.D., . 43 

CHURCH ERECTION.— A " Preferred Cred- 
itor"— To Our Correspondents— True as 
Gospel, 46 

HOME MISSIONS.— Notes 47 

Nebraska Sy nodical Missionary Report, . . 50 
Concert of Prayer— Our Country, Asa 8. Fiske, 

D.D., 53 

Letters— Appointments, 57 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN EN- 
DEAVOR. — Notes — Home Mission Pic- 
tures — "God on the Rock" — Boulder 
Church— Missionary News by Telephone— 
A Suggestive Program— Christian Training 
Course— Presbyterian Endeavorers— John 
Livingston Nevius, D.D., Mrs. Albert B 
Robinson — Questions for Missionary Meet- 
ing, 61-75 

With the Magazines, 76, 77 

Readings from New Books, . . .78, 79 

Book Notices, 80-82 

Necrology, 83 

Receipts of the Boards, . . . .84-92 
Officers and Agencies, 93, 94 



THE CHURCH AT HOME 
HAD ABROAD 

A. YD ITS ERIENDS. 



*** A Michigan pastor writes: "The ' Church at Home 
and Abroad 1 is always fidl of inspiration — the best periodical 
that comes to my study table!' 



!•## ^ business man in New York, remitting for 1808, adds 
a generous sum to send the magazine to others, and testifies : 
il /l is the best periodical published in the interests of our 
Church!' 

*** One of our interested readers in New York writes: 
" I shall keep on sending subscriptions. I have just offered 

$ro towards general subscriptions in the Presbyterian 

Church, if they will go ahead!' 

*** An intelligent student of missions says the current 
numbers of "The Church at Home and Abroad" should be 
the " missioiiary annex " of each Sunday-school. The twenty- 
two volumes of this magazine certainly constitute a missionary 
library of great value. 

*** In a letter enclosing two dollars, a Presbyterian pastor 
writes : "I said a word to our people for ' The Church at 
Home and Abroad' from the pulpit last Sabbath, and the 
result is these two subscriptions." Cannot every pastor make 
a similar effort ? 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



January, i89s, 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



Methodist Missions. — At its annual 
session in November, the Methodist General 
Missionary Committee made appropriations 
for the year 1898 as follows: for domestic 
missions, $442,430; for foreign missions, 
$577,480. 

In Memory of Whitman. — Memories 
of greatness should be inspirations to noble 
living, said Mr. Justice Brewer at the 
Whitman memorial service in Washington, 
D. C. Gen. O. O. Howard read a charac- 
ter sketch of the hero of Oregon ; the Rev. 
Dr. Newman gave a graphic history of the 
famous ride, and Senator Wilson told why 
it was worth while, proposing as a subject 
of the last panel in the fresco in the rotunda 
of the Capitol below the dome, Marcus 
Whitman riding 3000 miles to save the 
great empire of the Northwest. 

Presbyterian Union in South Africa. 

— The General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church of South Africa was constituted at 
Durban, September 17, 1897. Twenty 
congregations did not favor the union, but 
it is likely that some of them will soon come 
into line. One anticipated result is a new 
impulse to the spirit of self-help. The As- 
sembly resolved unanimously to make the 
effort to raise $100,000 within two years to 
be devoted to Church extension. It was 
also resolved that steps be taken at once to 
provide means for the training of ministers, 
and arrangements were made for the issue 
of a magazine. 

Progress in China.— The civil service 
examinations in China are intended to pro- 
vide educated men for the service of the 
State. About two million candidates are 



admitted every year, and only one or two 
per cent, succeed in passing. Literary criti- 
cism, history, agriculture, military affairs 
and finance are covered by the examina- 
tions. Until recently the questions have 
been limited to Chinese affairs. Now, how- 
ever, it is reported that the examiners 
recommend the Old Testament as a text- 
book, " because it is the classic of Christian 
countries," and a new question on the 
examination papers this year is: " What 
do you know of the repeopling of the 
earth by Noah and his family after the 
flood V* Who can estimate the good results 
of requiring two million educated Chinese 
to study " the classic of Christian coun- 
tries" ? 

The Railway in Africa. — Henry M. 

Stanley has said that the railway is civiliza- 
tion's sine qua non for securing possession of 
Africa. The opening for service of the rail- 
way to Bui u way o, so recently known as 
Lobengula's " place of slaughter," and the 
discovery of coal at that place, are two 
important events in the industrial develop- 
ment of Africa. Buluwayo is described as 
having the appearance of a modern Euro- 
pean town, with well -paved streets, public 
buildings and electric lights. The railway 
is to be extended northward to Fort Salis- 
bury, where it will join a line to Beira on 
the Indian Ocean, and the time cannot be 
far distant when it will be possible to travel 
in a comfortable coach from Cape Town to 
Cairo. The recent transmission of a tele- 
gram from Blantyre to a missionary secre- 
tary in Edinburgh, in about three hours, is 
mentioned as an illustration of the rapidity 
with which the interior of Africa is opening 

3 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



[January, 



to the world. All these material develop- 
ments are added facilities for the spiritual 
conquest of this mighty continent. 

The New Metlakahtla. — Mr. Mars- 
den's interesting story, in a recent number 
of this magazine, of the removal of William 
Duncan's Metlakahtla Indians to the island 
of Annette, must have been recalled by many 
when reading the report of the Secretary of 
the Interior. Mr. Bliss expresses the opin- 
ion that these Christian Indians are worthy 
of becoming citizens of the United States. 
Commenting upon this, an exchange says : 
" Would that all our Indians could be made 
worthy of citizenship on earth by being 
made fellow-citizens with the saints, and of 
the household of God." 

The Whang=Chei of Dai=Han.— The 

" hermit nation," having but recently 
emerged from the obscurity of centuries, 
now proclaims itself on equal standing with 
other powers. Since the tragic event in 
Seoul, of October 8, 1895, Korean govern- 
ment officials have repeatedly petitioned the 
king to assume the title of emperor, believ- 
ing thi3 was the best possible means of con- 
vincing the people that the sovereign of 
Korea is independent. Yielding at last, 
the day for the coronation ceremony was 
fixed, and at three o' clock on the morning of 
October 12, 1897, his majesty went to the 
Imperial Round Hill, where, on the upper- 
most of three circular stone terraces, the Altar 
of Heaven stands. Sacrifices were offered, 
and a ritual composed for the occasion was 
read, after which the sovereign of Chosun 
solemnly assumed the title, Whang -Chei of 
Dai-Han. The new name, which means 
" Great Han," is thought to be fitting, since 
Korea is composed of the three Hans, three 



original sovereign kingdoms. The imperial 
edict declares that " through lack of good- 
ness on our part we have been experiencing 
many misfortunes and troubles during our 
reign, but heaven has taken compassion on 
us and mercifully granted us peace instead 
of danger. We have inherited the royal 
throne by the will of Heaven, and we now 
assume the imperial honor by the wishes of 
our people. We desire to abolish the old 
customs and endeavor to adopt the new, 
with the constant object in view to aggran- 
dize national glory and to promote the 
welfare of the people." 

The People's University. — Evening 
lectures in the public school buildings of 
New York city were begun eight years ago 
for the benefit of workingmen and their 
families who might desire such an educa- 
tional opportunity. Health and hygiene, 
travel and geography, national and munici- 
pal government, history and literature, were 
among the subjects that received practical 
treatment in the one thousand lectures given 
in 1896-97. The attendance of more than 
426,000 persons was gratifying to the Board 
of Education, and to Dr. Leipziger who 
first suggested this extension of the influ- 
ence of the public schools. The Outlook 
believes that as positive a return has been 
made to the city for the money expended in 
supporting these courses of lectures as can 
be shown for the expenditure of money in 
any one department of city government; 
for the lectures have been to thousands a 
means of education and recreation, and 
have provided places where the young 
people from overcrowded homes in the 
tenement -house districts could spend an 
evening under proper educational, hygienic 
and recreative conditions. 



Readers of The Church at Home and 
Abroad will be glad to look upon the por- 
trait which forms the frontispiece of this 
number, and to be reminded of the positions 
of usefulness and trust occupied by Dr. 
Nelson previous to his eleven years of 
editorial service. 

Graduating in 1846 from the Theological 
Seminary at Auburn, N. Y., he was at once 
ordained and installed pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church in that city. In 1856 
he was called to the First Church in St. 
Louis, where his pastorate of twelve years 



included the period of the Civil War. His 
influence in the affairs of the State of Mis- 
souri at this time is well known. From 
1868 to 1874 he was Professor of Systematic 
Theology in Lane Theological Seminary, 
and from 1874 to 1883 pastor of the First 
Church in Geneva, N. Y. This pastorate 
was followed by a visit to Syria and Persia. 
Keturning, he became pastor of the church 
in Independence, Mo., and also assumed the 
charge of the Young Ladies' Seminary in 
that town ; but was soon after invited, in 
1886, to become editor of The Church at 



1898.] 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



Home and Abroad. Dr. Nelson was 
Moderator of the General Assembly of 1867, 
and as a member of the Reunion Committee 
had much to do with the union consummated 
in 1869. "Home Whispers " and "Sin and 
Salvation" are two excellent and helpful 
books published by Dr. Nelson. Many kind 
expressions of affectionate regard and hearty 
appreciation of his editorial work, have come 
to this office since his departure for Wooster, 
Ohio. 

Pastors can cooperate in the effort to bring 
the Christian Training Course to the atten- 
tion of the young people, by giving lectures 
on the topics. For many who have not re- 
cently gone over the ground it will be an 
attractive list. See the outline as given in 
the September number, page 222, or send 
for descriptive circular. 



How many American church-goers, says 
a writer in the Christian Intelligencer, real- 
ize the fact that there is a sinful neglect on 
their part by continuing in ignorance of 
how little is done toward providing the 
necessaries of life for those whose best years 
have been spent in ministerial duties. 

Dr. Charles A. Berry, of England, 
in his address to the students of Union 
Theological Seminary, mentioned these quali- 
fications of a minister : He must believe the 
message he delivers, and know it as a matter 
of personal experience ; must know the men 
to whom he speaks; and must believe that 
he is divinely called. 

The first Presbyterian house of worship 
in Illinois, erected in Sharon (White coun- 
ty), in 1816, was built of hewed logs with 
a roof of clapboards. A single four-pane 
window near the pulpit gave light for the 
reading of the Bible and hymn-book. A 
flat rock at the centre of the floor served as 
a hearth on which to burn charcoal in very 
cold weather. 

As old man, eighty-one years of age, 
recently baptized in Nakawn province, Siam, 
by Dr. E. P. Dunlap, was heard to utter this 
prayer : ' ' Jesus forgive me, I have served 
false gods all these years. I did not know 
about thee; now I believe that thou art the 
only Saviour, and will serve thee the rest 
of my days." 



Let us honor the men who work in the 
small fields and recognize the greatness of 
their work, says a writer in the Advance, 
who protests against judging the success of 
a minister by the size of the church he 
serves, forgetting that it is much harder to 
serve in the smaller church, that success is 
not so easily seen there, and that failure is 
more apparent. 



In his article on ' ' The Country Church 
in America," in Scribner's Magazine for 
November, Mr. William B. Bigelow men- 
tions the Rocky Spring Church near Cham- 
bersburg, Pa., as a characteristic example 
of the churches erected in early days by 
Scotch Presbyterians. It is built of brick, 
imported from Holland probably, upon a 
stone foundation several feet high. The 
window-shutters are of plain wide boards, 
without paneling or moulding, and the doors 
are almost as plain. The interior is as 
severe as the exterior; the pews are stiff and 
high, and the aisles and a place in front of 
the pulpit are paved with brick. The old- 
fashioned pulpit, still in place, is painted a 
deep harsh blue, and a quaint sounding- 
board has a rude representation of a star in 
red. Two old tin-plate stoves — doubtless 
among the first cast in this country — still 
stand, their stove-pipes going straight up 
through the ceiling and roof. The original 
church was built in 1740, and the present 
structure about twenty years later. 



A faithful elder in the church at 
Nakawn, Siam, has recently died. Not 
many months before his sickness the chief 
commissioner of the district, having learned 
of his upright life, offered him an important 
position with good salary. This he de- 
clined, saying, " I am a disciple of Jesus, 
and I desire to spend my time in his ser- 
vice." During the past year he not only 
kept up regular services in Nakawn, but 
once a month walked twelve miles to the 
village of Haw-Mok, and joined the elder 
there in holding services at his home. He 
was also faithful in visiting the disciples, 
encouraging them in good work and minis- 
tering to them in sickness and trouble. It 
seemed to be his delight to publish the gos- 
pel. He was deeply interested in building 
a chapel at Nakawn, and during his sickness 
placed a good sum in Dr. Dunlap' s hands, 
and also a lot of lumber for that purpose. 



HAWAII. 



[January, 




BY PER. OF THE CHRISTIAN HERALD, NEW YORK. 



The Harbor of Honolulu. 



HAWAII, THE PARADISE OF THE 
PACIFIC. 

REV. WILLIAM WAITH, PH.D. 

Nearly in the centre of the vast expanse 
of the Pacific Ocean there is a spot upon 
which converging lines drawn from the 
principal points on the distant shores of the 
two continents may be taken to represent a 
concentration of the civil, military, com- 
mercial and religious interests of several of 
the leading nations of the world. Captain 
Mahan with his concern for the proper dis- 
tribution of the " sea power " of the world, 
the United States government with its 
newly conceived project of annexation, 
Japan with its growing naval and commer- 
cial importance, and Great Britain with its 
ever-watchful instinct of empire, have their 
eyes continually upon the spot we have 
mentioned, marked by a group of islands 




passing under the general name of Hawaii, 
which is the principal island of the group. 

These islands ; from a physical point of 
view, well deserve to be called a paradise. 
They are a veritable garden of delights, 
whether we consider their happy situation 
in relation to the rest of the world, the 
calm seas by which they are surrounded, 
their enchanting scenery, their lovely 
climate, or their luscious fruits. 

Known originally as the Sandwich group, 
they lie about 2100 miles from San Fran- 
cisco in nearly the same latitude as Hong 
Kong, from which city they are more than 
twice as far as from the Golden Gate. Of 
the eight inhabited islands there are five — 
Oahu, Hawaii (formerly written Owyhee), 
Maui, Kauai and Molokai— which contain 
the bulk of the population; and there the 
principal mercantile and industrial enter- 
prises are found. 

Concerning the history of these islands, 
romantic and interesting as it is, we have 
space for but a mere outline. It was not 
until three years after the Declaration of 
American Independence that they became 
known to the civilized world. Capt. James 
Cook, the famous British navigator, dis- 
covered them, and three years later lost his 
life there at the hands of the natives who 
first worshiped him as a god, and then be- 
came disenchanted, as may be read in Wal- 
ter Besant's interesting narrative * 

The native people belong to what is called 
the Malayo-Polynesian race, which is said to 
be distinctly traceable to Farther India. 
They are generally large, muscular and 



BY PER. OF THE CHRISTIAN HERALD, NEW YORK. 

Monument to Captain Cook. 



* English Men of Action, 
HG-154. 



Captain Cook," pp. 



1898.] 



HAWAII. 




Ancient Hawaiian Hut. 

comely, with pleasant cordial expression of 
countenance, gentle manners and kindly 
disposition. They are powerful swimmers 
and divers, skilled boatmen, and have much 
aptitude for athletics and the mechanic arts. 
Their language is one of the softest and 
most musical imaginable, abounding in 
vowels, and almost destitute of gutturals. 
" Aloha Nui " is the greeting of the islan- 
ders, an exclamation which expresses all the 
kindly sentiments of the heart. 

But as almost always happens when a 
highly civilized people 
come into permanent 
contact with an uncivil- 
ized race, these interest- 
ing people have been 
greatly diminished. In 
Cook's day they num- 
bered about 400,000. 
Forty- two years later 
the first Christian mis- 
sionaries found them re- 
duced to about 150,000, 
and to-day the native 
stock would fall below 
40,000, the balance of 
the total population of 
the islands (about 109,- 
000) being made up of 
Japanese, Chinese, Por- 
tuguese, and American 
European in about 



ively of twenty -four, fif- 
teen, nine and fourteen 
thousands. 

The people have had 
their ups and downs, their 
periods of turbulence, rev- 
olution, able rulers, and 
triumphs of rational lib- 
erty. Kamehameha was 
an able, humane and com- 
paratively enlightened 
monarch, but was a hea- 
then, and insisted on the 
terrible restrictions of the 
tabu. He was succeeded 
by rulers who abolished 
these restrictions, destroy- 
ed the idols, and disman- 
tled the temples, and this 
even before the mission- 
aries came. In 1843, 
Lord George Paulet seized 
the islands for Great Britain; but the 
same year Admiral Thomas restored the 
Hawaiian flag, and the independence of 
the country was formally recognized by 
Great Britain and France, and has not 
since been disturbed. The rulers surren- 
dered one after another of their despotic 
powers until there was established a fairly 
good constitutional monarchy with Queen 
LiJiuokalani upon the throne. 

Then came the revolution, the particulars 
of which are so recent, and have been so 




< ti- 



the proportions respect- 



Hawaiian. Heathen Temp 



8 



HAWAII. 



[January, 



thoroughly discussed, that there is no need 
of giving them in detail. Enough to say 
that the queen was undoubtedly at heart a 
bad woman. With all the varnish of 
Christian civilization upon her, she was at 
heart a pagan, and her palace was the 
scene of much that was corrupting and dis- 
graceful in the extreme. At last, drunk 
with power, she audaciously endeavored to 
break down the Constitution, and behaved 
so like a fury, that the intelligent and gov- 
erning class revolted, the queen was deposed, 
and in January, 1893, a provisional gov- 
ernment was organized, out of which 
emerged the present Republic of Hawaii, 
with Sanford B. Dole as president. 

Whether this republic shall become part 
and parcel of the greater republic of the 
United States of America is one of the 
critical political questions of our time, for 
the discussion of which the pages of this 




BY PER. OF THE CHRISTIAN HERALD, 



Hawaiian Girls, Holiday Attin 



magazine are hardly a suitable place. It 
is a question which divides the judgments 
of the ablest, best informed, most thought- 
ful and religious men of our country; and 
we should earnestly pray that no action may 
be taken that has not been carefully and 
intelligently considered from every point of 
view. 

Early in the present century the Ameri- 
can missionaries, headed by Bingham and 
Thurston, found their way to these islands, 
and began a work which has proved one of 
the most fruitful in the annals of modern 
missions. Scarcely seventy-five years of 
evangelical labor have shown triumphantly 
the beneficently transforming power of 
Christianity. Great obstacles were sur- 
mounted, great perils were faced. The 
language was reduced to writing. The 
gospel was faithfully preached and found 
ready hearers. Common schools were 
established. One reform 
-i after another was effected; 
and results like those of the 
old pentecostal days were 
realized. 

The political papers have, 
within the past two or three 
years, been very liberal with 
their flings and innuendoes 
about the missionaries and 
the missionaries' sons; but 
the animus of these things is 
perfectly understood, and 
candid and intelligent peo- 
ple are not deceived. It is 
due primarily to the mis- 
sionaries and their work 
that the islands have be- 
come so inviting a spot. 
The Hawaiian islands now, 
instead of being a good 
place to get away from, as 
in Capt. Cook's day, are a 
good place to visit, and a 
good place to live in as a 
permanent home. Chinese, 
Japanese, Portuguese and 
half-castes are there. But 
also there are thousands of 
foreign residents with the 
same ideas of civilization, 
Christianity, education, re- 
finement and elegance that 
prevail in England and in 



1898.] 



HAWAII. 



our own country. When 
the steamer rounds Dia- 
mond Head, one sees the 
steeples and flagstaffs of a 
bustling modern city; and 
on coming to moorings in 
the port of Honolulu, he 
sees the waters kissing the 
feet of a town of 25,000 
inhabitants. 

Here is the home of the 
celebrated Claus Spreckels, 
the millionaire sugar king, 
the mills of whose com- 
pany are capable of turn- 
ing out a hundred tons of 
sugar in a day. Here, to 
say nothing of the guavas 
and other delicious fruits, 
are the great and growing 
coffee plantations, promis- 
ing to be one of the world's 
great sources of supply. 
AH kinds of vegetables 
grow in such profusion as 
to astonish those who have 
lived only in Northern 
climes. Green and sweet 
corn, potatoes, Irish and 
sweet, cabbages, tomatoes, 
beans, lettuce, radishes, all 
of the very finest quality, 
can be had every day in 
the year. 

Then for the climate, it 
is that of endless spring or 
early summer. It is never 
hot in the shade, and rare- 
ly chilly. There is so lit- 
tle humidity that, as a 
rule, it is never sweltering. 
There is perhaps no other 
land on earth so sweetly and equably temper- 
ate. Cold waves, hot waves, are things un- 
known. There are no scorching Arizona des- 
erts to breed siroccos; no icy polar tundras 
to pour down blizzards. Just one great, 
sweet, cool, unchanging ocean flows around 
for thousands of miles, and tempers the 
air to unvarying June or May. Hurricanes 
and typhoons are unknown ; even gales of 
much severity are rare. Hardly once in a 
year does a ship need to have her topsails 
closely reefed. 

As to the scenery of the islands, they are 
all scenery. There is nowhere anything 



■ «, 




Hawaiian Woman, with Hair Necklace and Whale's Tooth. 



tame, nothing common. There are ever 
new and striking combinations of sea and 
shore, of mountain slope and mighty preci- 
pice, of smooth leeward ocean and creamy 
beach, of rugged lava capes and high- 
flinging surf, of vast canyons, lofty pinna- 
cles, and knife-like ridges, of green pad- 
docks and barren deserts, of hideous ragged 
lava seas and lovely parks, of mountain 
torrents and leaping cascades. 

We have left ourselves but little space to 
speak of the volcanoes, without some account 
of which no description of the islands would 
be complete. 



10 



HAWAII. 



[January, 



T" Kilauea, probably on the whole the most 
picturesque and wonderful of all the active 
volcanoes in the world, is on Hawaii, and 
seems to be the very mouth of hell. It is 
best seen after nightfall. Then what had 
been a dull gray crust by day over the 
surface of the pond glows darkly red. Long 
cracks are seen keenly flaming along their 
whole extent. Horrible sheets of white fire 
burst forth; and huge cakes of the dark 
crust heave and tilt, and plunge into the 
blazing vortices. It is the one spot on earth 
where the fire -fountains play copious and 
perpetual in human sight, and the one out- 
let where the mighty hid- 
den throbs of earth's secret 
heart are constantly dis- 
charging its boiling rage. 
In 1881 a mile-wide river 
of lava crawled and twisted 
for six months down 
through the woods until the 
town of Hilo could feel its 
scorching breath ; and only 
ten years ago the waves of 
the sea at one point were 
hissing against red-hot rock 
piles where three hundred 
acres of new land had two 
days before been rolled out 
into deep water; a million 
cubic yards of half -molten 
clinkers had rushed down 
the mountain with a roar 
like that of a thousand 
earthquakes. 

Hawaii, as will be at 
once inferred from what 
precedes, is a country of 
astonishing contrasts. Tour- 
ists, like Helen Mather, in 
her entertaining little vol- 
ume entitled " One Sum- 
mer in Hawaii," make us 
at one point shudder under 
the description of awful 
places like those which 
Dante saw, and at another 
introduce us to scenes like 
those of ' ' Araby the blest. ' ' 
In illustration, take a few 
lines from different pages of 
the work above mentioned. 
Speaking of the volcanic 
region, she says: 

" The black expanse be- 



fore me looked as if the heaving billows of 
some stormy sea had been suddenly stilled, 
and turned into stone. As we wended our 
way across this floor of adamant we saw 
countless fissures, yellow with the stain of 
sulphurous vapors. Great coils of obsidian 
lay like petrified cordage about us. Cyclo- 
pean monsters with distorted limbs sprawled 
across our pathway. Chasms yawned here 
and there which disclosed profound depths 
and vast subterranean caverns." 

Again , speaking of her impression of some 
of the homes she visited, she writes: 

" Here, suspended in a hammock, one 




Union Church at Honolulu. 



1898.] 



HAWAII. 



11 



can watch the white-fringed reef, where the 
long Pacific surges break, can hear the 
thunder of the waves which roll in one con- 
tinuous sweep from far Ind and Cathay. 
Below you lies the town in indolent repose. 
You drink the mellow air, and are lulled 
by the rhythmical vibration of the leaves; 
you dream with open eyes, and drift on 
Lethe's fabled tide to the realms of unut- 
terable peace." " The wealth of tree and 
flower born of the generous earth and 
liquid sunshine is marvelous. The Pon- 
siana Regia, type of royalty, lifts itself to 
the light with wide-spreading branches, its 
top crowned with scarlet blossoms of great 
beauty, out of which spring pom-poms of 
feathery stamens." " Another variety, 
called ' the golden shower,' forms a picture 
of gorgeous color. Its huge clusters en- 
velop the tree as with a mantle of gold." 
" But sweetest of the sweet, and fairest of 
the fair, is the feathery algeroba. Its 
delicate sprays shed a soft dreamy glow 
which forms, with the dark leaves of the 
hibiscus, a symphonious wave of color." 
'•I shall always picture paradise hereafter 
as an umbrageous island." 

One sad spot there is in the islands of 



which a word must be said before closing. 
It is the island of Molokai, containing the 
leper colony where Father Damien lost his 
life amid the unhappy sufferers to whom he 
ministered. Here they are segregated by 
government authority, and visitors are sel- 
dom allowed to go there. There, in a 
charming spot, on a verdure -covered plain, 
swept by the cool trade winds of the north, 
" where every prospect pleases, and only 
man is vile," the poor leper, banished from 
his kin and from all society, sinks down, 
and gradually perishes, to be in many 
instances, let us hope, rehabilitated on the 
happy shores where no impurity can ever 
come. 

In so brief a sketch as the foregoing, it 
has been impossible even to mention scores 
of deeply interesting things belonging to 
this island world. We wonder if the late 
queen of the islands, who has been our 
guest of late, and who is now only plain 
" Mrs. Dominis," has not wished more 
than once that she had been at least a truth- 
ful, kind and righteous ruler, in which 
case she might still be sitting on the throne 
of the Paradise of the Pacific. 

Lancaster, N. Y. 




Mr*. Pauahi 



Kamehamelia School. 



12 



HAWAII. 



[January, 



HAWAIIAN 



EVANGELICAL 
CIATION. 



ASSO- 



GEN. JOHN EATON, LL. D. 



There has just come to hand the Thirty- 
Fourth Annual Report of the Hawaiian 
Evangelical Association, originally organized 
in 1823, reorganized in 1863. It appropri- 
ately bears the following motto : " The isles 
shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall 
they trust." 

The meeting reported was held June 1-7, 
1897, in the Kawaiahao Church. The 
names of the officers indicate their nativity. 
Rev. J. B. Kahaleole, the moderator of 
last year, took the chair; the scribe was 
Rev. G. L. Kopa. The officers elected for 
the current year were Revs. S. W. Kekuewa 
as moderator and S. L. Desha as scribe. 
There were reported present fourteen from 
the Association of Hawaii, pastors and dele- 
gates ; from the Presbytery of Molokai and 
Maui, twelve pastors and delegates; from 
the Presbytery of Oahu, ten; from the 
Association of Kauai, teu; members at 
large, fifteen, among the latter being Rev. 
Drs. Hyde, Bingham and Bishop. The 
five days' sessions were well filled with 




Kawaiahao Church, Honolulu. 



work. The religious and spiritual condi- 
tions of the islands and the work of evan- 
gelical Churches were brought fully to view 
and the statistics reported. 

The statistics of churches connected with 
the Association appear under two heads: 
Hawaiian churches, total members, 4627; 
added by profession, 179; Sunday-school 
scholars, 2279; total receipts, $14,453.95. 
Foreign, total members, 1425; in both 
Hawaiian and foreign, 6052 ; united on 
profession, 140, total, 319; foreign Sun- 
day-school scholars, 1070; total Hawaiian 
and foreign, 3349; foreign churches, 
receipts, $14,688.71; total Hawaiian and 
foreign, $29,142.66. The largest foreign 
element in these churches is the American. 
Among disbursements the following specifi- 
cations tell a significant story whether we 
consider the objects or the amounts given : 

Home Missions $2,648 55 

Kohala Girls' Schoool 3,023 28 

Gilbert Island Publications 210 25 

Chinese Mission 5,374 92 

Publications 1,142 12 

Foreign Missions 1,949 32 

Japanese Mission 3,281 60 

North Pacific Missionary Institute 2,020 00 

Gilbert Island Bible Benevolent Fund 125 00 

Portuguese Mission 3,175 05 

Whitney Parsonage Fund 522 20 

Cash on hand and in bank, May 5, 1897 2,011 04 

Not only is the work of home churches 
maintained among the natives and Ameri- 
cans, but effective mission work is done 
among the Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese 
and on the Gilbert Islands. Are any of 
our American communities more attentive 
to the several objects demanding their relig- 
ious action ? Rev. F. W. Damon is super- 
intendent of the work among Chinese, and 
has an effective corps of assistants, and sees 
good cause for encouragement. In this 
department Mills' Institute with sixty- eight 
students is a busy hive. It has two halls, 
and is sustained in part by fees from 
students. Over the main building in gilded 
Chinese characters one may read, " The 
institute where truth is sought." Theolo- 
gical work is developing, two students fitting 
for the ministry. Rev. O. H. Gulick is 
superintendent of the work among the 
Japanese and has twelve assistants. Eight 
thousand dollars was raised for a building, 
the Japanese contributing $686.36. There 
is maintained^ school with^forty-five chil- 
dren and a kindergarten with forty-eight. 



1898.] 



HAWAII. 



13 



The three Japanese congregations report 
$1345 in contributions. Rev. A. V. 
Soares, pastor, and Rev. R. K. Baptist, 
pastor, report on the work among the Por- 
tuguese. In addition to regular preaching 
and evangelistic efforts, a school and kin- 
dergarten are carried on with promising 
results. 

In the foreign department the Morning 
Star is considered in connection with the 
A. B. C. F. M., bringing into view specially 
instructive facts. Beyond a government 
republican alike in form, in its legislative, 
judicial and executive departments; beyond 
its public schools, American in principles and 
methods, now giving instruction exclusively 
in English ; beyond all data giving evi- 
dence of agricultural and commercial pros- 
perity, there is among the native and foreign 
population according to this report effective 
Bible activity. Indeed, all there is desira- 
ble of a higher order may be traced to the 
introduction of Christianity by American 
missionaries. It is not surprising, there- 
fore, that the devout in America who have 
cooperated in securing this result should 
sincerely hope that Hawaii, the gem of the 
Pacific, may be saved from a return to pa- 
ganism and become a permanent outpost of 
American Christianity in the impending 
struggle between American and Oriental 
civilization. 

I should not forget that there is before us 
also the report of another cooperative evan- 
gelical agency — the Twenty-sixth Annual 
Report of the Woman's Board of Missions 
for the Pacific Islands, with 276 life mem- 
bers, about one-fourth of whom reside in the 
United States and the others on the islands. 
Something of the extent of these coopera- 
tive efforts is seen in the fact that the treas- 
urer reports $1963.90 as the receipts of the 
year. In addition to gifts of money and 
services compensated, woman's activity has 
taken on a variety of forms. Many physi- 
cal and spiritual wants have been supplied. 
They have been Bible readers, nurses for 
the sick and the insane, made garments for 
the poor, comforted the afflicted, maintained 
a home with forty- seven inmates and specially 
promoted temperance and purity and borne 
a special part in Sabbath-school and kinder- 
garten work. Miss Mary E. Green, super- 
intendent of the Hawaiian, Miss Arcenia 
Fernandez, superintendent of work among 
the Portuguese, and Miss Annie^ E. Gulick 



among the Japanese, report efforts full of 
promise. 

It should not be overlooked that of the 
109,020 people on the islands, according to 
a recent census, 21.616 are Chinese and 
24,407 Japanese, or a total of 46,023 
against 31,019 native Hawaiians. 

This census shows that 14, 246 children 
are of legal school age, that is, between the 
ages of six and fifteen, and that there were 
in attendance 13,744, or 96.20 per cent. 
Under the head of religious classification the 
report says, " If we calculate with the whole 
population as the base, we find that 21.35 
per cent, are Protestants, 24.18 per cent, 
are Roman Catholics, 4.14 per cent, are 
Mormons and 49. 99 per cent, are Buddhists 
or other Eastern creeds or profess no form 
of religion." 

Washington, D. C. 



NOTES ON HAWAII. 

The illustrations which accompany the preced- 
ing articles, except those otherwise credited, are 
from Alexander's ' ' The Islands of the Pacific, ' ' and 
are here reproduced by permission of The Ameri- 
can Tract Society. 

A recent visitor in Honolulu writes : On the 
sidewalk Hawaiian women sat, making their 
fresh, fragrant leis, or flower wTeaths, of which 
the islanders are so fond. Men wear them as 
hat hands, and women hang the long brilliant 
garlands about their necks, sometimes being fairly 
weighed down with them. 

No pen can describe and no camera can convey 
to the eye the beauty of Hawaiian foliage. The 
leaves are so clean and shining that they would 
seem to have been varnished, and have almost the 
variety in color which is found in flowers. Trees 
that look like gigantic flowering plants laden 
with richly colored flowers and overhanging the 
winding roads, magnificent palms lining the ave- 
nues, and the beautifully kept homes and gardens 
make the city of Honolulu a garden of Eden. — 
Rev. Frank S. Scudder in the Christian Intelli- 
gencer. 

Hawaii's national motto is, " Na mau ka aea o 
ka aina ika pono," "The life of the country is in 
righteousness." 

When the American Board withdrew from the 
Hawaiian Islands, there were about 15,000 Chris- 
tians gathered into sixty self-supporting churches, 
more than two thirds of which had native pastors. 



14 



REV. WILLIAM H. WEAVER, D.D. 



[January, 



King Kamehameha died just before the arrival 
of the missionaries in 1820. On his death-bed he 
asked an American trader to tell him about the 
Americans' God ; but, said the native informant, 
in his broken English, "He no tell him any- 
thing." 

The first baptized native was Keopuolani, the 
mother of king Liholiho. 

At a Sunday-school celebration at Hilo, where 
thousands of children were gathered in holiday 
attire, an aged woman was noticed moving about 
in great distress. When asked the cause of her 
weeping on so joyful an occasion, she replied : 
"Why didn't the missionaries come before? 
These hands are stained with the blood of twelve 
children, and not one remains of my flesh to re- 
joice here to-day. Oh, why didn't the mission- 
aries come before?" 

Besides the excellent Government schools there 
is the noble Oahu College, for higher education, 
and many Christian boarding-schools for Hawaiian 
children. One of these boarding-schools, the 
"Kamehameha School," was endowed by Mrs. 
Charles R. Bishop, by an investment worth $500,- 
000.— Alexander's "The Islands of the Pacific." 

A happy result of the evangelization of the na- 
tives has been the formation of a Christian colony 
of the descendants of the missionaries and of for- 
eigners who otherwise would never have been at- 
tracted to the islands. In this portion of the 
community there are six churches of the 



English-speaking people. The largest of these is 
the Union Church of Honolulu, which in 1893 
had a membership of 460, and built, and dedi- 
cated without debt, a house for worship at a cost 
of $125,000, and has always most liberally contrib- 
uted to the Hawaiian home and foreign mission 
enterprises. — Alexander's "The Islands of the 
Pacific." 

The Kaigan Church, in Yokohama, the first 
Protestant house of worship ever built in Japan, 
was erected, in part, with money contributed by 
native Christians in Hawaii. The last king of 
Hawaii, in the course of his journey round the 
world, attended an anniversary service in this 
church, at which time the statement was made 
that his Christian subjects, though but recently 
evangelized, had contributed the first $1000 used 
to erect the building. 

An American ship approached an island of the 
South Pacific, the character of whose inhabitants 
was unknown. The mate went ashore, and would 
soon have graced a cannibal feast but for the fact 
that there was on the island a Hawaiian mission- 
ary, Kekela. This man purchased the life of the 
American by giving the chief his six-oared boat; 
and members of his family warned others of the 
crew not to come ashore. When President Lincoln 
learned of the incident he was so impressed with the 
commercial value of Christian missions that he sent 
Kekela $500 in gold that he might buy a new boat 
and continue his missionary work. 



FREEDMEN 



REV. WILLIAM H. WEAVER, D.D. 

Rev. W. H. Weaver, D.D., recently 
appointed as special agent of the Board of 
Missions for Freedmen, was at the time of 
his appointment pastor of Madison Street 
Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, Md. He 
had been pastor of this church for seventeen 
years. It was his first and only charge. 
Dr. Weaver is a native of Baltimore, and 
grew up in the congregation of which he 
subsequently became the pastor. He is a 
graduate of Lincoln University in both the 
college and theological departments. 

In 1896, the Presbytery of Baltimore 
sent Dr. Weaver as a commissioner to the 
General Assembly that met that year in 



Saratoga. Members of the Board were im- 
pressed from what they saw and heard of Dr. 
Weaver in the Assembly at that time with 
his peculiar fitness for the position which he 
now holds and which was offered to him by 
the Board subsequently without any knowl- 
edge whatever on his part that the Board was 
contemplating such a step. The Assembly had 
for several years recommended the appoint- 
ment of a special agent to secure the endow- 
ment of Biddle University, at Charlotte, 
N. C, but the stringency of the times had 
made it unadvisable for the Board to press 
the matter of the interests of the Univer- 
sity upon the attention of the friends of the 
Freedmen' s work. The fitness, however, of 



1898.] 



REV. WILLIAM H. WEAVER, D.D. 



\5 



the man for the place and the prospect of 
improved condition in the affairs of the coun- 
try led the Board to take immediate steps 
toward the securing of his services for the 
work that had been under contemplation for 
a number of years. The appointment was 
made early in May, and the General As- 
sembly in session at Winona Assembly 
Grounds, Eagle Lake, Ind., that month, 
indorsed the appointment and adopted the 
following resolution: 

" That the Assembly renew the recom- 
mendations of former Assemblies with 
reference to steps taken to secure the 
endowment of Biddle University, in order 
that the burden of its support may be lifted 
off the Board, and that they approve of the 
appointment of Rev. Dr. Weaver to act as 
financial agent of the University." 

While Dr. Weaver was appointed as 
financial agent for Biddle University, and 
so approved ? by the General Assembly, 
it has been thought wise to widen his sphere 
of operation somewhat, so that he may, 
as occasion presents, represent the general', 
interests of the Board as he may travel 
from place to place, and thus secure not 
only the interest of the benevolent 
public in the University, but also enlist 
the great heart of the Presbyterian 
Chuich more and more in the general 
work that has been assigned to this Board 
of educating and evangelizing the people of 
his own race. It will be to the interest of 
pastors and churches who desire to do more 
for missions among the Freedmen to secure 
the services of Dr. Weaver whenever it is 
possible, and pastors may be assured in 
inviting him into their pulpits that their 
^people will be instructed and edified, and 
their hearts touched with the earnestness 
and eloquence of the speaker. 

About the same time that the Board 
determined upon placing an agent in the 
field for Biddle University, the plan was 
conceived of securing photographic views of 
various phases of the Board's work in the 
South, and presenting it in this pictorial 
form in such churches and congregations as 
a representative of the Board might have 
access to. 

Rev. Dr. Breed, pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Pittsburgh, Pa. , vol- 
unteered to undertake the work of securing 
the views, and along with Dr. Cowan, the 
secretary of the B >ard, made an extensive 




Bev. W.[.H. Weaver, D.D. 

trip through the South early in the Spring, 
and during his leisure hours of vacation 
transformed these views into lantern slides, 
coloring them by a process only known to 
himself, and thus secured to the Board a 
series of views at once attractive, interesting 
and impressive. It was then thought wise 
to place these views at the services of Dr. 
Weaver, and ask the privilege of making 
the exhibition of the Board's work in this 
form in all such churches as might desire to 
obtain better information and to become more 
interested in what is being done. The 
churches of Pittsburgh almost without ex- 
ception opened their doors to the exhibit, and 
Dr. Weaver proved himself to be quite as 
successful in this method of reaching the 
hearts of the people as he was previously 
known to be as a platform speaker. 

These views have been exhibited night 
after night in the churches of Pittsburgh 
during the whole of November last and 
part of December, including Wednesday 
nights and Sabbath evenings, for the service 
is a religious one, and as eminently proper 
for a Sabbath -evening service as is any 
other missionary meeting that might be 
held. 

Dr. Weaver will begin a series of exhibi- 
tions of the work of the Freedmen' s Board 



16 



FRATERNAL RELATIONS. 



[January, 



in Philadelphia in December, beginning 
about the 20th of the month, and continu- 
ing possibly through the month of January. 

The testimony of every pastor in Pitts- 
burgh in whose church these views have been 
exhibited is unstinted as to the praise of the 
impressiveness of the pictures and the 
marked ability of Dr. Weaver in drawing 
from them the lessons that the people are to 
learn. 

Dr. Weaver, armed with the natural 
ability that God has given him, and the 
Christian consecration which he has received 
by divine grace, and aided with the valu- 
able accessories that comae to him in his 
skilled use of the lantern slides, has 
opened up before him in the providence of 
God a work which without doubt will be 
crowned with abundant success. 



FRATERNAL RELATIONS. 

The Synod of Atlantic met on Wednes- 
day, November 10, in the Ebenezer (col- 
ored) Presbyterian Church at Rome, Ga., 
and an interesting episode occurred during 
the sessions of this Synod that increases the 
interest with which the friends of our work 
will look upon the picture of this little 
church as it appears in connection with this 
article. 




Ebenezer Presbyterian Church, Rome, Ga. 



The incident referred to is pleasantly 
described by Rev. D. J. Sanders, D.D., the 
president of Biddle University, who was in 
attendance upon the sessions of the synod, 
and took part in the; exercises that attracted 
especial attention, and the following is the 
substance of an editorial that appeared the 
next week in the Africo- Presbyterian, of 
which the doctor is the editor. 

" The Synod of Georgia (Southern 
Church) and the Synod of Atlantic (North- 
ern Church), (and only colored members 
present) were both in session at the same 
time in the city of Rome, Ga. Their pres- 
ence there at the same time was a mere 
coincidence. For two days each kept a 
respectful distance from the other. There 
seemed upon the surface no reason for sup- 
posing that status quo might not be main- 
tained and each complete its work and 
retire from Rome with indifference to the 
other. 

1 ' But it had not been so decreed ; so to 
the agreeable surprise of the Synod of 
Atlantic an official delegation from the 
Synod of Georgia, consisting of Rev. Dr. 
Gaines and Rev. Mr. Rice, bearing greet- 
ings and Christian salutations from that 
synod, appeared. They were cordially 
received and heard with special interest and 
pleasure. Their timely and eloquent words 
were highly appreciated. At the request of 
the moderator, Dr. Dillard made an able 
and fitting response, so much so that Dr. 
Gaines expressed his personal indebtedness 
for the facts and information contained in 
the response. 

" The Synod of Atlantic met the condi- 
tions as might have been expected, and 
immediately reciprocated by appointing a 
similar delegation, consisting of Drs. Dillard 
and Sanders, to bear their greetings and 
Christian salutations to the Synod of 
Georgia, They repaired to the First Pres- 
byterian Church, where the Synod of Georgia 
was in session. Business was suspended, 
and they were received with all the usual 
formalities. Their brief addresses were 
evidently listened to with pleasure and sur- 
prise. The moderator responded in a pleas- 
ing manner. The delegation retired, and 
thus ended the most interesting, and per- 
haps significant, episode in the history of 
our work on the Southern field. The effect 
in both churches, Northern and Southern, 
must be for good. Why not ?" 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

Another Nestorian Landmark Gone. 

One of the earliest converts of the power- 
ful revivals which have visited the Nestorian 
Mission in Persia was " Bishop Jacob," as 
he was then called, being in line to succeed 
in the bishopric of the old Nestorian 
Church, and had been consecrated from 
infancy to that office. While studying 
under Mr. Stoddard, of blessed memory, he 
was converted, and, renouncing his candi- 
dacy for the bishopric, he married in 1850. 
Graduating from the theological training 
class, he labored for twenty-seven years in 
the large village of Superghan. It was no 
easy field, but by his dogged perseverance 
and strength of character, together with the 
gentle spirit of his most excellent wife 
Moressa, he won many souls from darkness 
and Old Church prejudices to a living faith 
in Christ, and built up a church there. 
Twice in his life, with his wife Moressa, 
speaking English, he visited England, and, 
through aid received from English friends, 
he gave himself to the evangelization of the 
Jews and Moslems of Oroomiah, indepen- 
dent of our mission, but in general harmony 
with it. In the later years of his life he 
has been active to promote a larger degree 
of harmony and cordiality of feeling be- 
tween the different sects of his own people. 
He died the past summer. His funeral 
was a notable one, attended by many 
representatives of the Old Church and the 
Roman Catholics, as well as from evangeli- 
cal churches. The general feeling was, 
that a good man belonging to us all has 
passed away. 

Bible Translation. 

There are now 381 languages and dialects 
in which Bibles and parts of the Bible are 
made available in the evangelization of the 
world. It is estimated that there are twelve 
hundred millions of mankind who may 
be reached through these languages. For 
this vast population, therefore, the equip- 
ment of the divine message in their own 
tongue is now prepared, and it only remains 
for the Church to rise up with a missionary 




"Bishop Jacob." 

zeal adequate to the full proclamation of 
the gospel message so prepared. There 
are, however, still other languages and 
dialects, numbering probably hundreds 
and representing two hundred millions of 
people, into which the Bible has not yet 
been translated. We learn from the Bible 
Society record that of the 381 languages 
above named, only about thirty-eight were 
in the possession of any version of the 
Bible before the present century. It is the 
glory, therefore, of this missionary century 
that it has opened the way for the gospel 
through 343 different tongues. This 
surely is a grand achievement; but there 
remains still much work to be done in the 
way of revision and in completing the 
work where only parts of the Scriptures 
are yet available. 

17 



18 



NOTES. 



[January, 



The Benga Scriptures. 

The American Bible Society, to which 
the Board of Foreign Missions has been 
greatly indebted in past year3, has had in 
hand for some time several of the books of 
the Old Testament in the Benga (West Af- 
rica) language, as revised by Dr. Nassau, of 
our mission. Four of these have been 
printed, but it will require $575 to complete 
the work, and the funds for the purpose are 
exhausted. These books of the Old Testa- 
ment are most urgently needed by our theo- 
logical students and native ministers. Will 
not some friends of Christ and of Africa 
come to the rescue by sending to the Amer- 
ican Bible Society (Bible House, New York) 
the necessary funds ? 

Lambeth Conference and Foreign Hissions. 

One cannot help commending the candor 
with which the encyclical letter of the late 
Lambeth Conference of the Anglican 
Church confesses the inadequacy of the 
Book of Common Prayer to represent the 
high place assigned to Foreign Missions, 
either in the New Testament teachings or 
the teachings of the Holy Spirit in the minds 
and hearts of the Church at the present 
day. The letter says, " It hardly seems to 
have been present to the minds of our great 
authorities and leaders in compiling that 
book that this matter (Foreign Missions) 
should be in the heart of every one who 
calls himself a Christian, and that no ordi- 
nary service should be considered complete 
which did not plead amongst other things 
for the spread of the Gospel." 

The excellent article of Rev. Dr. H. H. 
Jessup referring to this subject (see p. 27) 
points out a similar lack of foreign mission- 
ary emphasis in the Westminster Confession 
and Directory for Worship. The truth is 
that both the framers of the Westminster 
Confession and those of the Book of Com- 
mon Prayer of the Anglican Church differed 
among themselves precisely as good men 
differ in the Church to-day. Then, as now, 
the great body of the Church was not en- 
listed. Some were greatly interested in 
Foreign Missions, others were not. While 
the references to the evangelization of the 
heathen world are few and inadequate in 
our standards, it is a historic fact that a 
large number of the Westminster divines 
were most deeply interested in the spread 
of the gospel among the heathen. 

During the years of their sessions they 



had pending before Parliament an earnest pe- 
tition for the establishment of missions among 
heathen tribes of North America, ' ' for the 
promotion of the gospel in America and the 
West Indies. ' ' The petition was signed by 
three Scotch members of the Assembly and 
" approved " by many more. But one 
thing should not be forgotten, namely, that 
the chief question for to-day is what is 
our own present attitude wilh respect to 
missions ? The framers of Christian creeds 
two and a half centuries ago were responsi- 
ble for the enlightenment of their generation 
which has passed away; but a new genera- 
tion confronts the Christian Church of 
to-day and the responsibility for their en- 
lightenment rests with us. If the present 
missionary spirit is higher now than in the 
seventeenth century, it is not as high as in 
the apostolic day, and is far indeed from 
reaching the standards of the Great Com- 
mission and of the whole New Testament 
teaching. 

Dr. Matthews in Oroomiah. 

Dr. Matthews, secretary of the Presby- 
terian Alliance, visiting Oroomiah in Oc- 
tober, was rceived with distinguished honor, 
not only by the Presbyterian Christians of 
the district, but also by the officers of the 
Persian government. 

BIBLE INCIDENTS IN FOREIGN 
MISSIONS. 

An Incident in Puebla. 

One of the Society's colporteurs in 
Mexico, Senor Cortez, tells of a man who 
came one day to the market stall where he 
was selling Bibles, and became interested in 
reading the New Testament. On pretense 
of going to bring the price, he left his cloak 
and took the book to his priest, whom he 
met coming that way. The priest pro- 
nounced it " false/' and was about to tear 
it up when the man said, " But it is not 
paid for; I left my cloak as surety." Then 
the priest handed him a piece of money to 
pay for the book, which, proving to be of 
lead, Cortez had to refuse. The priest then 
came up saying, " But your books are false 
also." " Very well," said the colporteur, 
" let us go to the judge and settle both 
questions at once." The priest, however, 
decided to pay good money and tear up the 
book before the crowds of people who had 
gathered around. The wind carried the 
leaves about, and many were picked up and 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



19 



read. That was on June 14. In Decem- 
ber, Cortez offered his books to a woman, 
sitting at a sewing machine by a window in 
the same city; she said that she wished 
only one book, which she did not suppose 
that he would have — a religious book, about 
the ten virgins. He showed a large New 
Testament, opened at the parable, and she 
bought it without hesitation. He could 
not but ask how she came to be looking for 
it. She replied, taking a single leaf out of 
her prayer book, " My boy found this in 
the plaza some time ago, and as it has only 
part of the story, I have been looking for 
the whole book." The leaf was of the size 
of the Testament torn up in the market in 
June. 

Items from Syria. 

In one village the people are wholly 
Moslem, but their teacher has been per- 
suaded to use our voweled gospels in teach- 
ing the children to read. Not far away 
from this village there is a Nusaireeyeh 
village, where thirty Nusaireeyeh boys are 
studying the Gospel of John with their own 
sheikh. In still another village the boys 
from a Bedawee school are taking their 
Bibles with them to their tribes. The emir 
of the tribe, who not long ago was at the 
village, was much pleased with the progress 
some of his boys were making. He him- 
self owns a handsome copy of the Scriptures. 

Pioneers in a Wide Field. 

The ninth annual statement of the Ara- 
bian Mission reports that the sale and 
distribution of the Bible and other books 
has been continued with even greater success 
than ever before. From each station as a 
centre, and from the northernmost limit of 
the Busrah vilayet for more than a thou- 
sand miles along the coast of Arabia to 
Rasel Had, the colporteurs offer the Scrip- 
tures to all who will receive them, and 
speak with all who will hear. They are 
the real pioneer evangelists, and their work 
breaks down prejudice and opens the way 
for work of all kinds in the future. Six 
colporteurs were employed for a whole or 
part of the year 1896, and the four book 
shops were open for twelve months without 
intermission. At Busrah a small circulat- 
ing library for English- reading natives was 
started in connection with the Bible depot, 
and the stock of Arabic and English educa- 
tional books is larger. The prime object 
is, of course, the circulation of the Scrip- 



tures. To this end the mission received 
aid from the American Bible Society for 
Bahrein and Muscat, and from the British 
and Foreign Bible Society for Busrah and 
Amara ; and it has only been from lack of 
missionaries to accompany the colporteurs 
and so extend their journeys into new terri- 
tory, that the annual circulation has not 
still more increased. As it is, the number 
of portions of the Bible sold this year is 
five hundred more than last. Of these 
sales, eighty-seven per cent, were made to 
Moslems. 

Dr. Mary Eddy's Twofold Work in Syria. 

Dr. Mary Eddy writes as follows : 
" I took a large supply of books with 
me on a tour which lasted two months and 
a half. My Bible woman had a special 
talent for selling them, and even sold at the 
last my own little pocket Testament, as our 
supply was exhausted. Since then, on 
every tour, long or short, I take with my 
medical supplies a full assortment of Bibles, 
Testaments, and separate voweled portions. 
The first tour after the New Year opened, 
five Napoleons' worth of books were in 
stock. Miss Ford, my associate, sold all of 
these to the patients, and since then two 
more orders have been exhausted. One 
little boy sold a treasured pack of cards to 
gain possession of the Gospel of John. 
During my last trip thirty- one portions 
were sold in a village where the light of 
the gospel had never before penetrated. 
The Bible woman before mentioned is to be 
constantly with me now, and I shall make 
the Scripture sales the most important 
feature in her work, as we have access to 
so many places and persons never before 
reached by any Christian workers. 

" At Banias I spent nineteen clinic days 
and had six hundred attendances from 
thirteen villages, while at Dibble, where 
we have forty new evangelicals, I had thir- 
teen clinic days and five hundred and 
twenty-five attendances from twenty-three 
villages. Miss Ford visits many of these 
villages with an evangelist, and they sell 
portions after holding services. It has been 
such a joy to be the means of scattering the 
light for the first time into some of these 
ignorant, benighted communities. Our 
motto is, " My word shall not return unto 
me void," and God in his own good time 
will cause this seed-sowing to spring forth 
into abundant harvests. 



20 



A MISSIONARY TOUR IN JAPAN. 



[January, 



A MISSIONARY TOUR IN JAPAN. 

REV. B. C. HAWORTH. 

Here at Osaka on the 27th of May, 
taking a Japanese steamer, I went to Yaw- 
atahama, the extreme western point of my 
field, the voyage taking over fifty hours. 

Yawatahama is a thriving little port nest- 
ling at the feet of the cliffs which guard its 
beautiful little harbor close to the water's 
edge. Indeed, so narrow is the foothold 
along the beach that the enterprising inhab- 
itants have said to the rocky spurs, " Be ye 
removed and cast into the sea," and by 
dint of toil they have gained a site for their 
city. But so narrow is it that men must 
pay well who live in rented houses. Our 
little upper room there costs us more than 
any other of our country preaching-places. 
But it is a good investment for all that. 
No one of our outstations has shown such 
good results during the 
past year as Yawata- 
hama. At every visit 
here I have had the 
pleasure of baptizing 
converts. On that last 
Sunday in May sevtn 
persons were baptized. 
Last year sixteen were 
received, altogether 
twenty - three baptisms 
in a little more than a 
year. As things have 
been going lately in 




Harvest Scenes in Japan. 



Japan this is a remarkably good show- 
ing for one small country town. Ihe 
blessing of God has manifestly attended 
the faithful labors of Evangelist Sakai 
and his wife, both of whom are unusually 
zealous workers. The wife, desiring to fit 
herself more fully for Christian work, took 
a course of training in a mission school in 
Tokyo, and returned last year to her family. 
Her labors among the women are bearing 
much fruit. But both she and her husband 
attribute all their success to the grace of God. 
The greater part of Sunday was spent in 
receiving calls at the hotel from the Chris- 
tians, who were greatly exercised about the 
cut in our estimates and its possible bearing 
on the Yawatahama work. They are more 
than willing to assume the financial burden 
as rapidly as possible, but it is out of the 
question at present for them to do more than 
pay the rent of the preaching-place if they 

can do even so 
much. If the 
work continues 
to prosper for the 
next two years as 
it has in the past 
two years, they 
may be able to or- 
ganize a self-sup- 
porting church. 

The power of 
the gospel to con- 
vert sinful men is 
attracting the at- 
tention of the peo- 
ple of Yawataha- 
ma. One of our 
converts is a local 
o ffi c i a 1 whose 
profligate life was 
notorious, an inveterate drunkard and dis- 
sipated man. Since he was baptized he has 
been a changed man, steady in habit, faith- 
ful in duty, and in every way exemplary in 
life. His neighbors have taken note of this 
fact with wonder. Buddhism and Shinto- 
ism have no such power to cleanse. I was 
sorry to have to put off one earnest man 
who wanted to be baptized with the others. 
He is also an official, a man in good standing 
and apparently sincere in his desire to serve 
the Lord. But his examination showed 
such a meagre knowledge of the Scriptures 
and the great doctrines of our faith that I 
thought it better to defer his baptism. 




1898.] 



A MISSIONARY TOUR IN JAPAN. 



21 



I was especially pleased with the examina- 
tion of one young man, whose replies showed 
an unusual grasp of the truth. On the 
being and nature of God and such doctrines 
he was very ready. Being asked what was 
the most important precept in the Bible, he 
at once answered, " Thou shalt love the 
Lord thy God," etc. 

One of the pillars of the Yawatahama 
work, Dr. Nakagawa, is a physician of 
the modern school, who by the introduction 
of his improved methods and instruments has 
already built up a large practice in his new 
field. He and his wife and parents are 
earnest Christians. 

Mr. Sasaki of Ozu went as far as Naga- 
hama with me, and he and Mr. Kikuchi 
held a meeting that night. On account of 
the reduction in our estimate, I have decided 
to drop Nagahama as a separate outstation, 
and have Mr. Kunizawa visit it occasion- 
ally from Ozu. This announcement was a 
disappointment to the Christians 
at Nagahama, but we are obliged 
to drop something in order to 
meet the reduction. The cut re- 
vealed an unlooked-for degree of 
ability at this place. They offered 
to pay a considerable proportion 
of Mr. K.'s salary if he could 
be left there. Heretofore they 
have paid scarcely anything, and 
I did not suppose they could do 
so much. 

On the way from Ozu to Nagahama Mr. 
Sasaki and I took a small boat down the 






Paper Carp. 



Mr. and Mrs. Sakai. 

river and the trip was delightful. It is a 
journey of about five hours along a beauti- 
ful watercourse with charming 
scenery on both sides. At one or 
two points we left the boat and 
I was able to get some views of 
harvest and threshing operations 
and other objects — characteristic 
Japanese scenes. The view of the 
harbor at Yawatahama is better. 
The one representing the large 
paper carp swinging on poles was 
taken on the road between Ozu 
and Nagahama. During the 
month of May these bright- colored em- 
blems of manly perseverance, swinging from 
every house where there are young boys, in 
every part of Japan, add not a little to the 
picturesque beauty of the landscape. By the 
help of Mr. Sasaki 1 was able to get a picture 
of your missionary sitting in Japanese style at 
the " Hotel Yasuda," at Nagahama. All 
the furniture with which a Japanese room 
is supplied is shown in the picture. It was 
late, almost sunset, when I took a view of 
the temple home of our Nagahama worker, 
Mr. Kikuchi. Mr. K. and his daughter 
are standing near the Torii or sacred arch. 

From Nagahama to Osaka I took second- 
class passage on a Japanese steamer. Even 
first-class on these boats is far inferior to 
the trans-Pacific steamers in point of com- 
fort, but when it comes to second or third- 
class there are few foreigners who attempt 
it. This time there were comparatively few 
however, and I got on very 



22 



A MISSIONARY TOUR IN JAPAN. 



[January, 



well. The second-class apartment is a large 
room in the stern, next to the wheel, calcu- 
lated to accommodate forty-four persons, but 
fifteen persons lying at full length would 
cover the whole door space! Of course 
there is no room for toilet purposes. All 
must go to the upper deck to wash their faces. 

In such a trip one is brought into close 
contact with the natives, and if he can 
stand the inferior food, the tobacco smoke, 
the incessant chatter, the smells and the 
fleas, he has good opportunity for mission- 
ary work. My ability to sit a la Japonaise 
and to eat with chop- sticks put me in touch 
at the very first meal with admiring fellow- 
passengers. 

It was late in the evening when we sailed 
from Nagahama, and I soon turned in. For 
twenty sen the cabin boy rented me a futon, 
a sort of bed-quilt, and a Japanese pillow. 
Covering the futon with a sheet and the 
pillow with a small feather pillow which I 
carried, and using my blanket for a cover- 
ing, I had a bed which my fellow-travelers 
might envy. But getting to sleep was an- 
other matter. The Japanese are inveterate 
talkers. The distinction of day and night 
is made little of. The only comfort one 
can get out of such a situation is the oppor- 
tunity it gives to study the Japanese lan- 
guage " as she is spoke." But even the 
most garrulous tire of talking in time. 
Toward midnight the chatter died down and 
sleep began to seem possible. But there 
were other travelers still to be taken into 
account. I think Japan must be the orig- 





Mr. Kikuchi's Temple Home. 



In a Japanese Hotel, 

inal home of the flea. The mats on the 
floors give them perpetual shelter. That 
second-class cabin was full of them. They 
seemed to enter into competition in explor- 
ing the missionary and only when they had 
satisfied themselves was sleep possible. It 
was sweet when it did come, but all too 
short. At half-past four in the morning I 
was incontinently wakened by the rough 
shake of the cabin boy, as he shouted in my 
ear, "UyeSan! UyeSan! " (Uye San means 
something like, " Superior Sir"), and 
bade me get up and go above and wash. 
There was nothing to do but comply or miss 
my breakfast ; for the meals are served all 
at once and it would not do to be in bed 
while the rest were eating. The boy gave 
me a toothbrush, a little stick of soft wood 
with one end frayed into fine fibres, such 
as the Japanese use. I did not use it. 

On deck I found most of my companions 
who had preceded me on the way to the 
washing place by the rail on deck. Each 
one carries his own towel, and the boy 
busies himself in dipping water into the two 
little brass basins which serve for the whole 
crowd. Some who had already completed 
their ablutions were devoutly worshiping 
the sun, now on the point of rising. Others 
were still polishing their teeth. 

The face washing over, I returned below 
and got my Bible and Meyer's " Present 
Tenses of the Blessed Life," and began my 
devotional reading, handing a Japanese New 
Testament to one of my neighbors, suggest- 
ing that he might like to see what the Chris- 



1898.] 



MISSIONS AND SOCIOLOGY. 



23 



tian book was like. The man showed inter- 
est in the Book, and so I gave a brief 
explanation of the nature and contents of 
the Bible, during which conversation I soon 
found myself surrounded by some half- 
dozen or more other men who seemed eager 
to hear. The man to whom I had handed 
the New Testament continued to read it for 
several hours, and then handed it to another. 
His questions from time to time showed 
that his attention had been aroused. May 
the Holy Spirit enlighten his heart! Wher- 
ever we go in Japan now we find ready 
hearers. On the deck during the day I 
was approached by a young man from the 
third-class cabin whose home is in Usuki in 
Kyushu, where our mission has work. He 
seemed to know nothing at all of Christian- 
ity, but was desirous of learning about it and 
promised to call at my home in Osaka, 
where he was to be for a day or two on 
business. 



MISSIONS AND SOCIOLOGY.* 

F. F. ELLIN WOOD, D.D. 

The great work of Dr. James S. Den- 
nis on the Sociological Study of Foreign 
Missions demands something more than a 
passing notice. It is the achievement of the 
year, if not of the decade, in this depart- 
ment. Only the first volume has yet ap- 
peared, but that embraces 468 pages literally 
packed with matter of the very first import- 
ance. The work is an enlargement of a 
course of lectures delivered before the stu- 
dents of Princeton Theological Seminary in 
1896. The request of the Faculty for a 
course of lectures on this particular subject 
was doubtless influenced by the increased 
attention now everywhere given to sociology 
and the related subject of anthropology, 
and by a desire to gather and collate the 
testimony which a century of missionary 
work among all non-Christian races has to 
give on these subjects. Dr. Dennis was 
eminently qualified for such a task by his 
many years of service as a missionary in 
the Orient by his wide range of reading, 
his intellectual grasp, well-balanced judg- 
ment, scrupulous candor and accuracy, and 
by his concise and finished literary style. 



* Christian Missions mid Social Progress. By the 
Rev. James 8. Dennis, D.D. Two vols. Fleming 
licvell Company, New York. 



He may be said to have given the last few 
years to a thorough mastery of this broad 
and difficult subject, sparing neither labor 
nor expense. By an immense correspond- 
ence, not only with missionaries, but with 
other residents in foreign lands, who might 
add to his steck of knowledge, he has gath- 
ered a great mass of material at first hand. 
At the same time, he has prosecuted an ex- 
haustive study, not only of missionary records 
but of government reports and the records 
of Asiatic research. On the principle that 
every tree is known by its fruits, Dr. Den- 
nis has striven to ascertain and to demon- 
strate the influence of the various non- 
Christian cults upon the social life of 
mankind. 

Just here is the real essence of certain 
questions now mooted by the Christian and 
anti -Christian literatures of the day. Are 
the ethics of Hinduism, Buddhism and 
Islam as good or even better than those of 
the New Testament ? What is their trend 
and influence in their own lands respective- 
ly ? What have they accomplished in the 
lapse of the ages until now ? Ought we to 
be ready to receive them into equal partner- 
ship and union in the one final religion of 
the race ? 

It is at once apparent that all investiga- 
tions along such lines ought, if they would 
be convincing and conclusive, to be marked 
by studied candor and backed by authorities 
which none can reasonably dispute. And 
this is a leading characteristic of Dr. 
Dennis' book. The reader feels that he has 
found an authority, and that on every step 
he is on safe ground. The illustrations by 
which the different systems are tested are 
found in the spheres of caste, marriage, the 
home, the treatment of women, of the aged 
and of children, education, beneficence 
toward the unfortunate and the poor, 
slavery, humanity or cruelty in war, justice 
or injustice in taxation, honesty or dishon- 
esty in commercial life, public purity or the 
reverse, the direct or indirect influence of 
religion on the national life. This encyclo- 
pedic mass of missionary literature should 
be widely read. Every pastor especially 
should possess it, and all others who would 
greatly extend their acquaintance with the 
moral and social conditions of mankind. It 
is a valuable accession to the literature of 
sociology, as well as to that of Christian 



missions, 



24 NOTES FJROM THE TREASURER^ DEPARTMENT. [January, 

NOTES FROM THE TREASURER'S DEPARTMENT. 
THE BOAKD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS. 

COMPAEATIVE STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS FOE MONTHS OF OCTOBER, 189G AND 1897. 



This Year. 



Last Year. 



Increase. 



Decrease. 



Churches 

Women's Boards 
Sabbath-schools . 
Y. P. S. C. E. ... 

Legacies 

Miscellaneous ... 



$10,535 02 

14,y48 13 

1,387 15 

721 03 

4,503 37 

4,061 36 



Total, 



836,156 06 



88,551 94 

16,771 42 

938 63 

3,089 63 

1,037 37 

4,918 85 



835,307 84 



81,983 08 

448 52 

3,466 00 

8848 22 



81,823 29 

2,368 60 

857 49 



Comparative Statement of Receipts from May 1 to October 30, 1896 and 1897. 





This Year. 


Last Year. 


Increase. 


Decrease. 




850,846 32 

49,771 20 

6,008 65 

5,658 58 

37,140 89 

26,819 32 


847,322 78 

41,825 09 

4.560 90 

9,068 46 

42,784 07 

28,722 58 


83,523 54 
7.946 11 
1,447 75 












Y. P. S. C. E 


83,409 88 
5,643 18 
1,903 26 






Total 


8176,244 96 


8174,283 88 


81,961 08 









The General Assembly recommended the Church to raise 81,068,168 69 



The Board's Appropriations to October 1, 1897. 

Appropriations made May 1, 1897 8829,694 67 

Appropriations added to November 1, 1897 . . . . 25,672 01 

Total appropriated 8855,366 68 

Less amounts appropriated and not needed 1,159 80 

Total appropriated $854,206 88 

Amount of Debt. 

Reported to the General Assembly, May 1, 1897 897,454 47 

Amount Subscribed to November 1. 

By Missionaries 89,293 01 

By Synod of New York 5,459 30 

By Individuals* , 18,954 56 

33,706 87 



Balance needed 

*A portion conditional upon entire amount being secured by January 1, 1898. 



$53,747 60 

Chas. W. Hand, Treasurer. 



Extract from a letter of B. P. Wayne, 
treasurer of the New Hamburgh Church, 
New York: 

" C. W. Hand, Treasurer, 156 Fifth Ave., 
N. Y. : 

" Dear Sir : — It gives me great pleas- 
ure to inform you that the New Hamburgh 
Presbyterian Church pledged $807.78 in 
addition to the amount forwarded (viz., 



$335), making the total amount $1142.78 
subscribed by this church for the liquida- 
tion of the debt of the Board. 

" We have cause to thank God that he 
has opened the hearts of this people so that 
nearly all contributed something toward this 
amount." 

Note — This church has a membership of 104 
and a $10 93 per capita interest in foreign missions. 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY CALENDAR. 



25 



REASONS WHY THE ENTIRE DEBT 
OF THE BOARD OF FOREIGN 
MISSIONS SHOULD BE CAN- 
CELED BEFORE THE CLOSE 
OF THE PRESENT FISCAL 
YEAR. 

1. Its missionary work has been crippled 
more seriously than ever before since the 
time of the Civil War. No missionaries 
have been sent out except to fill the most 
needy vacancies, and even that upon the 
condition that they should secure by private 
subscription the amounts needed for outfit, 
transportation and salary for at least one 
year. This arrangement is without prece- 
dent in the last thirty years. 

2. In view of the prospect of a heavy 
debt the appropriations for the present year 
were so severely restricted as to involve a 
retrenchment of between thirty and forty 
per cent, upon the work of the native 
ministry and helpers, and upon schools, 
hospitals, etc., etc. This process of re- 
trenchment, if continued for another year, 
must work disaster upon many fields. 

3. From a deep and painful sense of this 
condition of their work, 380 missionaries, 
up to November 15, subscribed $9622, or 
over one-tenth of the whole indebtedness 
of $97,457. The practical appeal of this 
example as an expression of their sense 
of need should not fail of a response ade- 
quate and complete from the whole Church. 

4. It is a year of twofold commemora- 
tion in the Presbyterian Church. It is the 
two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
the adoption of the Westminster Standards, 
and the sixtieth anniversary of the forma- 
tion of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign 
Missions. Some of the Presbyteries have 
signalized the occasion by a review of the 
two and a half centuries' work, but it 
behooves the Church from this coygne of 
vantage to look forward as well as back- 
ward, and to strike a new note of advance 
for the future, rather than open a new quar- 
ter millennium with a heavy and discour- 
aging debt. 

5. Sister denominations have signalized 
this year by clearing off the debts against 
their missionary Boards, which had accu- 
mulated during the last two or three years 
of business depression. In one instance 
nearly one-half million has beeu raised for 
this purpose. In another $160,000 has 



been paid. In still another a successful 
effort is in progress for the removal of a 
burden of $200,000. The Presbyterian 
Church, probably the wealthiest of all, 
should not be behind. 

6. The year has been signalized by the 
most abundant harvest that our country 
has ever known, and the value of this har- 
vest has been enhanced by the very sufferings 
of other lands through drought and 
famine. Every branch of industry has 
improved greatly. The voice of Providence 
reiterates the words of the Master, " Freely 
ye have received, freely give." 



Here is a New Inspiration. 

Rev. A. A. Fulton writes from Canton, 
China: 

" I visited eight of my outstations, and find 
the people willing to begin to take hold of 
work, independent of foreign help. 

" I found a new chapel in a market town, 
where I had never been before. This chapel 
was fitted up and rent paid entirely by 
Chinese at a cost of $85. Here I baptized 
four adults. 

1 'At another place where we have a few 
Christians, one man has given an excellent 
site, and the Chinese raised about $150 to 
begin the erection of another chapel. Not 
far from that place the Chinese have raised 
$200 for a chapel. 

"On this trip I baptized forty- two adults 
and five children." 



MISSIONARY CALENDAR. 

DEPARTURES. 

November 2 — From New York, returning to the 
Syria Mission, the Rev. O. J. Hardin and Mrs. 
Hardin. 

November 5— From New York, returning to the 
Brazil Mission, Miss Ella Kuhl. 

November 18 — From San Francisco, to join the 
Korea Mission, the Rev. W. O. Johnson and Mrs. 
Johnson. 

November — From San Francisco, returning to 
the Canton Mission, Miss Hattie Lewis. 

ARRIVALS. 

November 11 — At New York, from the Guatemala 
Mission, Mrs. W. F. Gates. 

November 17 — At New York, from ths Gaboon 
Mission, Mr. M. H. Kerr. 

December 1 — Rev. W. F. Gates. 

RESIGNATIONS. 

From the Gaboon Mission, the Rev. W. S. Ban- 
nerman and Mrs. Bannerman. 

From the West Japan Mission, Miss M. E. 
McGuire. 

From the Canton Mission, the Rev. E. P. 
Fisher. 



26 



CONCERT OF PRAYER. 



[January, 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad. 

January. — The Bible and Foreign Missions. 

(a) Bible authority for Foreign Missions. 

(b) Bible motives for Foreign Missions. 

(c) Bible beginnings of Foreign Missions. 

(d) Bible encouragements to Foreign Missions. 

(e) The Acts of the Apostles continued in Foreign Mis- 

sions. 



The monthly concert program for Janu- 
ary is as follows : 

(A) Bible Authority for Foreign Missions. 
— If there were nothing more than the one 
Great Commission (Matt. 28 : 19), which 
came direct from the lips of Christ, the Son 
of God, there would be no lack of authority; 
but four distinct commissions were given 
by Christ. This first was delivered in the 
mountains of Galilee, where Christ met his 
disciples by appointment. Another, found 
in Acts 1:8, 9, was given on the Mount of 
Olives immediately before the ascension, 
and is more specific than the first as to the 
division and apportionment of missionary 
effort. The third is recorded in Paul's 
address before Agrippa (Acts 26:18, 19). 
The fourth was communicated to Paul in a 
vision of the night, and under the repre- 
sentation of a phantom Macedonian; which 
however, the context shows to have been 
Christ himself. 

(B) Bible Motive for Foreign Missions. — 
There is motive enough in the fact that our 
blessed Lord commanded his Church to go 
and teach all nations. But there is a va- 
riety of motives indicated. The love of 
Christ who enjoins this commission, and 
the fact that the lost millions of men are 
purchased by his blood, renders mission- 
ary work a loyal service toward him and 
for his love's sake. The motive of pro- 
claiming Christ as a witness of the grace 
of God and of the infinite compassion 
of his dear Son, is also important and 
imperative. Another motive is pity for 
the lost. None can read the touching com- 
mission to the apostle Paul without feeling 
that the work of missions is a veritable 
rescue, from blindness and darkness and 
from the power of Satan. There is more 
of philanthropy, if there were nothing 
else, in this divine appeal than can be found 
in all human schemes of amelioration taken 
together. There is also a motive which 
should appeal to all Christendom, suggested 



through Christ's call of the phantom Mace- 
donian. That was a call on behalf of the 
heathen populations of Europe and America. 
It meant the evangelization of all the nations 
that are now called Christian. It included 
us. Freely have we received, freely let us 
give! 

(C) Bible Beginnings of Foreign Mis- 
sions. — For the very beginnings we shall 
need to go back to the teachings of 
the Old Testament — to the promise made 
to Abraham that in him all nations should 
be blessed, to the various prophecies of 
Isaiah, and even to the counsels of eternity, 
when according to the dramatic description 
in Isa. 49 : 6, the Father is represented as 
having given the Commission of Redemption 
to His Son : " And he said, It is a light thing 
that thou shouldest be my servant to raise 
up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the 
preserved of Israel: I will also give thee 
for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest 
be my salvation unto the end of the earth." 

In the New Testament the work of John 
the Baptist was a missionary work, and that 
of the chosen seventy, as well as of the 
twelve apostles. The discourses of the 
apostles at Pentecost were delivered to an 
audience gathered from the nations. It 
was the first great message of the Christian 
Church to the Gentiles. The preaching of 
Philip and others in Samaria, and the glad 
tidings which he delivered by proxy to 
Ethiopia, the proclamation of the truth by 
the scattered exiles from Jerusalem, and 
the preaching of the gospel by the apostles 
throughout Asia Minor, in Corinth, and 
Athens, at Ephesus, at Philippi and in 
Rome — these were beginnings and only 
beginnings of the great missionary work. 

(D) Bible Encouragements to Foreign 
Missions. The great ingathering at Pente- 
cost was surely a seal of divine approval. 
The success of Philip and others in Sama- 
ria, where so many were gathered that the 
apostles were sent for to instruct the con- 
verts, offers great encouragement. The 
continuous revival in Antioch, the fact that 
many were won to the truth in all parts of 
Judea and even to Damascus — all this was 
welcomed as an encouragement by the 
apostles. The missionary meetings in 
Jerusalem and elsewhere, in which Paul 
and his associate recounted the triumphs of 
the gospel in many and distant cities, were 
eminentlv calculated to overcome the doubt 



1898.] 



THE CHURCH AND MISSIONARY INSPIRATION. 



27 



and hesitation of the conservative apostles 
at Jerusalem. As an outcome of these 
Apostolic efforts the gospel was soon pro- 
claimed to the then known world and Chris- 
tianity became the dominant faith. 

(E) The Continued Acts of the Apostles. 
The same work continues in our day. Every 
missionary, so far as the preaching of the 
gospel is concerned, is an apostle; that is 
the meaning of the word. Many noble 
heralds of modern date are worthy of a 
place with Paul and Timothy and Silas. 



FROM WHENCE DOES THE CHURCH 

DERIVE ITS MISSIONARY 

INSPIRATION ? 

H. H. JE3SUP, D.D., BEIRUT, SYRIA. 

In these days of rapid transit, newspaper 
enterprise, fervent appeals of returned mis- 
sionaries from all parts of the world, and a 
vast missionary literature on the religions, 
language and customs of distant nations, 
with the constant craving for some new 
stimulus to maintain the interest of the 
Church, we may well ioquire on what, 
primarily, is our missionary interest 
founded ? All that is sensational, senti- 
mental or personal, is necessarily transient. 
Have we no permanent perennial fountain 
of inspiration ? We want something which 
will sustain the weary laborer amid torrid 
heats and pagan abominations, and stimulate 
the zeal of the indifferent believers at home. 
It is fortunate for the Presbyterian Church 
and the Reformed Churches generally, that 
they do not depend, for their missionary 
character, on their doctrinal symbols, 
their Confessions of Faith or Catechisms. 

In the answer to Question 191 of the 
Larger Catechism we read, that " in the 
second petition (thy kingdom come), 
acknowledging ourselves and all mankind 
to be by nature under the dominion of sin 
and Satan, we pray that the kingdom of 
sin and Satan may be destroyed, the gospel 
propagated throughout the world, the Jews 
called, the fullness of the Gentiles brought 
in, the Church furnished with all gospel 
officers and ordinances, purged from corrup- 
tion, countenanced and maintained by the 
civil magistrate .... and that Christ 
would rule in our hearts here, and hasten the 
time of his second coming, and our reign- 
ing with him forever," etc., "etc. 



This answer is perhaps too general to be 
effective, and is virtually unknown to the 
rank and file of our people. 

Among the proof-texts adduced, the 
golden text for Foreign Missions (Matt. 28 : 
18-20 and Mark 16:15) are conspicuous 
by their absence; and the words of our 
Lord, Matt. 9: 38: " Pray ye therefore the 
Lord of the harvest that he will send forth 
laborers into his harvest," are used as 
proving that we should pray that " the 
Church be furnished with all gospel officers 
and ordinances." 

In the 102d answer, in the Shorter Cate- 
chism, which is the only catechism familiar 
to the Church, " we pray that Satan's king- 
dom may be destroyed, and that the king- 
dom of grace may be advanced, ourselves 
and others brought into it, and kept in it, 
and that the kingdom of glory may be 
hastened. ' ' 

In the Directory for Worship, ministers 
are advised in public prayer to make " in- 
tercession for others, including the whole 
world of mankind, the kingdom of Christ 
and his Church universal." 

That clause in the 191st answer in the 
Larger Catechism, that " the gospel be 
propagated throughout the world," indi- 
cates that the framers of our Standards had 
some conception of the Church's duty to the 
heathen world, and enjoined prayer for the 
propagation of the gospel, but it seems to 
have had little effect on the life of the 
Church before the beginning of the pres- 
ent century. 

The symbols of the Church of England 
are even more deficient. The " Thirty- 
nine Articles" do not allude to the 
Church's duty to the heathen world. 

The recent Lambeth Conference of 194 
bishops, " in full communion with the 
Church of England," held in July, 1897, 
in addition to a lengthy, eloquent and admir- 
able report of a committee of fifty -seven 
bishops on Foreign Missions, which states 
that " the cause of missions is the cause of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, ' ' issued an Encycli- 
cal Letter, giving Foreign Missions a larger 
amount of space than any other subject. 

The opening sentences on this point are 
worth quoting: " Lastly we come to the 
subject of Foreign Missions, the work that 
at the present time stands in the first rank 
of all the tasks we have to fulfill. 

" We have especial reasons to be thank- 



28 



THE CHURCH AND MISSIONARY INSPIRATION. 



[January, 



ful to God for the awakened and increasing 
zeal of our whole communion for this 
primary work of the Church, the work for 
which the Church was commissioned by our 
Lord. For some centuries, it may be said, 
we have slumbered. The duty has not 
been quite forgotten, but it has been remem- 
bered only by indi viduals and societies. The 
body as a whole has taken no part. 

" The Book of Common Prayer contains 
very few prayers for missionary work. It 
hardly seems to have been present to the 
minds of our great authorities and leaders 
in compiling that book that the matter 
should be in the thoughts of every one who 
calls himself a Christian, and that no ordi- 
nary service should be considered complete 
which did not plead amongst other things for 
the spread of the gospel. 

" We are beginning, though only begin- 
ning, to see what the Lord would have us 
do. He is opening the whole world to our 
easy access, and as he opens the way, he is 
opening our eyes to see it, and to see his 
beckoning hand." 

One thought occurs to us in reading our 
own standards and this admirable encyclical 
letter. Why has not the newly awakened 
Presbyterian Church added to its Confession 
of Faith and Directory for Worship a brief 
and earnest statement of the Church's duty 
to a perishing world ? And why did not 
this Lambeth Conference, in its wisdom and 
missionary zeal, propose the addition of a 
distinctively missionary prayer to the Prayer 
Book? 

Our conclusion from the above facts is, 
that our Church must in the future as in 
the past depend chiefly on the Bible, and 
not on our standards, for missionary inspira- 
tion. And in the Bible we find enough, 
and more than enough, to put life into our 
dry bones. 

Christ's last command, " go teach all na- 
tions," should be reiterated in our homes, 
our Sunday-schools, our Young People's 
societies, and our pulpits, until it shall no 
longer be true in our Church, as the 194 
bishops confess it to be true in theirs, that 
" the body as a whole has taken no part" 
in the foreign missionary work. 

It may be said we '''' have slumbered " as 
well as our British brethren. 

" The cause of missions is the cause of 
Jesus Christ," and why should not every 
member received into our churches covenant 



to aid this cause by his gifts, his services 
and his prayers ? 

Why is it that the ' ' body as a whole has 
taken no part in Foreign Missions," and 
been content to leave it to " individuals 
and societies ' ' ? 

Fifty years ago, in my childhood, it was 
even more " left to individuals and societies " 
than now. 

There were monthly concerts of prayer, 
and the appeals of Scudder, Poor and 
Stoddard stirred Ihe churches, but the chil- 
dren had hardly begun to be reached by the 
means of Scriptural missionary education. 

I distinctly recall the remark of Mrs. S. 
C. Perkins in Philadelphia in 1878, in 
speaking of the then growing Women's 
Work in Missions: " We have now enlisted 
the women and the girls, but we have not 
reached the men and the boys. Something 
is needed to enlist the boys in missions, in 
order to insure the interest of the next gen- 
eration of men." 

The Young People's societies have now 
taken the boys in hand, and their mission- 
ary educational feature is one of the most 
hopeful signs of our times. 

The foreign missionary character of the 
Bible should be taught to all the youth in 
our Sunday-schools and Endeavor societies. 
We should emphasize the Scriptural ground 
and sanction for the missionary work. Let 
the young feel and believe that their inter- 
est in the work grows out of the fact that it 
is God's command, God's plan'and an essen- 
tial part of Christianity, and not out of 
special appeals or thrilling missionary 
reports. 

An eminent politician said, " a great 
nation cannot have a little war," nor can 
a great Church, the Church of the omnipo- 
tent Christ, be satisfied with a little work of 
missions. 

The best army in Europe is the best 
educated army and the best missionary 
church is the one best rooted and grounded 
in the word of God and the Scriptural 
sanction for missions. 

The Bible gives us the glowing words of 
prophecy and promise; the example of 
Christ; his last command; the promise of 
the Spirit; the life and labors of the apos- 
tles, and makes it clear that the missionary 
work is the work of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

The Church of Antioch, the first church 
founded outside of Jerusalem, was a typical 



1898.] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS AND THE BIBLE. 



29 



missionary church. It selected its two best 
men and sent them forth to preach the gospel, 
evidently regarding this as their first and 
highest duty. 

It is well to train our children in the 
Catechism, but we cannot depend on any 
of our creeds or Catechisms for our mission- 
ary inspiration. It must come from the 
fountain head. 

The Church at home needs to hold on to 
God's word to prevent reaction amid finan- 
cial reverses and disappointed hopes. The 
missionary abroad needs the same, in heathen 
and Mohammedan lands, when confronted 
with darkness and ignorance, the difficulties 
of a new language, and the gigantic obstacles 
which oppose him at every step. What 
else, but the word of God, the " marching 
orders," of Christ, the great Captain, can 
sustain him ? 

Sight does not sustain him. There is 
little or no sight as yet. His inspiration 
must come from faith, faith not in the 
pledges of a Board or a Church, or in the 
sympathy of loving friends at home, but 
faith in the command and promises of 
Christ, the glorified Redeemer. 

Let the Church then enter on an educa- 
tional campaign, education for missions, 
education drawn from the Church's text- 
book, the word of God. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS AND THE 
BIBLE. 

EDWARD W. GILMAN, D. D. , 

Corresponding Secretary of the American 
Bible Society. 

Assuming that the warrant for Foreign 
Missions is found in the Bible, it is perti- 
nent to ask what the missions have to do 
with the Book itself. 

There can be no doubt that it was the 
plan of our ascending Lord to have the 
foundations of his terrestrial dominion laid 
in written records of his earthly ministry. 
He commanded his disciples to go into all 
the world and preach the gospel, that is, 
to proclaim good news of salvation with a 
summons to faith and duty. Disciples were 
to be made and then taught to do whatso- 
ever he had commanded his followers. It 
was in obedience to that command that they 
went everywhere giving oral utterance to 



the gospel. It was in further compliance 
with it that before the witnesses of his 
ascension passed from earth, the written 
gospels appeared, attesting for all time the 
grand facts which they record. If " the 
Scriptures principally teach what man is to 
believe concerning God and what duty God 
requires of man, ' ' the Scriptures of the New 
Testament principally teach what men are 
to believe concerning Jesus Christ and what 
duty he requires of them ; and that revela- 
tion of truth and duty, made in the very 
words which the Holy Ghost has inspired, 
is a divinely appointed agency for subduing 
the world to Christ. Said the Rev. Dr. 
Storrs in a recent address at New Haven: 
" The power to transform the world is in the 
New Testament of our Lord Jesus Christ as 
accompanied by the energy of the Holy 
Spirit." The Christian missionary of 
to-day goes to Africa, it may be, or to 
India, with enthusiasm kindled by a book, 
with assurance founded on a book, with 
faith inspired by a book, with the supreme 
object of winning men to believe in the Lord 
of whom that book tells and submit them- 
selves to his sway. Were it not for the 
book there would be no mission, and the 
missionary himself would be a pagan and 
an idolater. 

If the missionary is a wise man he will 
follow among pagan people the course pur- 
sued by the apostles of our Lord; that is to 
say, he will go among them, telling as best 
he can " the old, old story of Jesus and his 
love," and winning men to discipleship ; 
but his oral statement will surely need to be 
supplemented by something in writing or in 
print, it may be first a parable, then a chap- 
ter, then one gospel after another, until they 
have in their own possession the authentic 
narrative as told by the four evangelists 
and all the other Scriptures which are able 
to make men wise unto salvation through 
faith in Jesus Christ. This is easy to say, 
but hard to do ; harder than one thinks who 
has not tried it; but this is just what has 
been done by Protestant missionaries all 
around the world, and what must still be 
done until the everlasting gospel has been 
told in all human tongues. 

Great help in all this comes from having 
a book completed eighteen hundred years 
ago and accepted by all Christian people as 
of divine origin and undisputed authority, 
which does not now need to be composed or 



30 



FOREIGN MISSIONS AND THE BIBLE. 



[January, 



rewritten. But the missionary, having this 
book, must proceed to translate and circu- 
late and explain " the oracles of God." 
This imposes on him the task of learning 
the spoken language — its vocabulary, its 
phrases, its idioms, its grammatical peculiari- 
ties — and then of enriching the language 
with new thoughts and compelling it to ren- 
der service in the proclamation of the 
truth. Perhaps it is an unwritten tongue, 
like the Bulu, to which the lamented Dr. 
Good devoted some of the best work of his 
life, and then the ear must be trained to 
catch articulation and breathing and accent, 
and reproduce them by characters which 
the eye can see long after the translator's 
life, is ended. The missionaries among the 
Nestorians in Persia, on the other hand, 
found a traditional form of Christianity, 
with sacred writings which no woman and 
but few men could read, but the speech of 
common life was so different as to necessi- 
tate an entirely new version of the Bible. 

The difficulties grow as we consider them. 
The book must be translated; but how is 
one to represent the loving care of the Good 
Shepherd to Indians of Alaska who think 
more of " a first-class mountain hunter" 
than of the kind guardian of a flock ? 
How tell of ice and snow to Africans on the 
banks of the Gaboon ? How reproduce 
the parable of the ninety and nine for 
Micronesians who never saw a four-footed 
beast ? How talk of sapphires and emer- 
alds and pearls to people whose highest idea 
of value is represented by cowries and 
wampum ? 

Very few missionaries are called to trans- 
late the entire Bible as Dr. Hepburn and 
his associates did in Japan. Many of them 
have the work already done to their hands, 
but no one can count the years of patient 
toil and study involved in what has already 
been accomplished in this century of mis- 
sionary enthusiasm and progress. We may 
say, in round numbers, that a hundred 
languages at the present day have complete 
Bibles, another hundred the entire new 
Testament, and a hundred and fifty more, 
one, at least, of the gospels. All this requires 
time. The Benga mission of the Presby- 
terian Board had Matthew ready for the 
press forty years ago in 1858, and the trans- 
lation of the Old Testament is not yet com- 
pleted. 

The first translation of any part of the 



Bible is almost of necessity experimental. 
Years of use and repeated revisions are 
needed to make it perfect. The modern 
Syriac Bible, translated by Dr. Justin Per- 
kins and others in the early days of the 
Persian mission, needed careful revision in 
our generation to make it available for cer- 
tain mountain tribes whose dialects were not 
well understood half a century ago. If an 
African translator unwittingly chose a 
word by which the parable of the sower 
was made to teach that carnivorous birds 
devoured the seed which fell by the wayside, 
some reviser must change the term lest 
the parable be understood to involve a 
miracle. It may be that revision is even 
more difficult than the original translation. 

A translation of the Scriptures, even if 
it be provisional, needs to be written out 
and manifolded; printed, it may be, from 
wooden blocks as formerly in China and 
Japan; or by lithographic process, as now 
to some extent in India; or by type- writer 
and mimeographs, after the methods of 
reproduction in vogue just now; or from 
movable type or electrotype plates; made 
legible in some way, that the mind may 
receive the gospel through the lenses of the 
eye no less than by the pulsation of sound 
upon the drum of the ear. And this in- 
volves detail of circumstance which it is 
impracticable to consider here, and selec- 
tions between innumerable devices of alpha- 
bet and syllabary and symbol, by which in 
different parts of the world the record of 
human thought is presented to the eye and 
handed down to the coming generations. 

And here, certainly, if not at a much 
earlier date, the help of the Bible Society 
is most generously proffered and as heartily 
welcomed, for the printing and distribution 
of the versions whose fidelity and accuracy 
are attested by competent judges. This 
may be done by printing on its own presses 
at the Bible House such volumes as the 
books of the Old Testament in Benga, now 
in press, the Bulu, the Mpongwe and 
others; or by printing, on a much larger 
scale, Arabic Bibles in Beirut, Siamese in 
Bangkok, Japanese in Yokohama, Ningpo 
and Mandarin in Shanghai, and so on 
through all its long list. 

Scriptures thus printed need to be circu- 
lated among the new disciples, and in the 
regions beyond. Sometimes they are sent 
in advance of all missionary effort as first 



1898.] 



MISSION INTEREST IN THE HOME CHURCH. 



3t 



heralds of the gospel ; sometimes they 
are sold or given away on missionary tours 
to arrest attention and deepen the impres- 
sions of oral discourse ; they are in demand 
all the time in schools and other institutions 
which owe their existence to missionary zeal, 
and of course they must be owned and 
studied by every convert and placed in 
every Christian home for the perfecting of 
Christian character and the extension of 
the kingdom of our Redeemer. 

The Book gives the warrant for the mis- 
sion, and it is the privilege and the duty of 
the mission to give the world the Book. 



MISSION INTEREST IN THE HOME 
CHURCH. 

WALLACE RADCLIFFE, D.D. 

The mission interest of the individual 
congregation has expression and develop- 
ment according to its definition of the 
Church. We need a reemphasis upon its 
divine institution. An expedient or experi- 
ment will have the response of expediency 
or experiment. The divine creation im- 
presses the dignity and authority of its 
Author. Calvin was wiser than his fellow- 
reformers in emphasizing the divine appoint- 
ment and form of the Church. The desue- 
tude of the doctrine is by no means innocu- 
ous. The Presbyterian Church should be 
taught in Scriptural churchliness. This 
divine origin is to a distinct mission. A 
worldly conception will readily account for 
its worldly and limited uses. If it is only 
a human idea its organization may very 
justly be variously appropriated, for social 
advance, intellectual entertainment, or 
political ambitions. But its divine origin 
gives nobility of endeavor and purpose. 
Its commission is worthy of the divine Mind. 
Its ministry and comprehension are God- 
like. The disciple becomes a co-worker 
with God and shares in his thoughts and 
triumphs. In these days of bewildering and 
multitudinous voluntaryisms, through all 
sorts and conditions of convention life, it is 
well to be reminded that after all the Church 
is first and authoritative. It has claim and 
authority which no earthly organization can 
have. It lived before they were born, and 
will live after they are dead and forgotten. 
Let the minister preach and preach again 
and not be afraid to preach about the 



Church. And in the better knowledge of 
its origin and mission will come reverence 
and love and the inspiration of that divine 
life which will multiply and ennoble gift and 
service. There are certain special methods 
of developing this mission interest, not new, 
but which may help in the rehearsing of 
them. 

1. The Mission Atmosphere. The 
Church awake to her divine origin and 
commission will not wait for special occasion 
of assertion. The conviction will pervade 
and color and vitalize the atmosphere. It 
will have expression every Sabbath in the 
public prayer. It will have frequent voice 
in the hymns selected. The sermon will 
often have illustration, passing allusion, a 
darting thought, " a bo w shot at a venture, ' ' 
which reveal the underlying interest. It 
will mutiply for young and old its oppor- 
tunities for missionary gift and activity. 

2. The Missionary Sermon. This has been 
tabooed. It has become the target for easy 
ridicule and the signal for empty pews. 
Pastors have apologized for preaching them. 
I have been told that conspicuous Presbyte- 
rian pulpits have not known a missionary 
sermon for years. Such unfaithful pastorate 
merits presbyterial discipline. Such men 
deny themselves the most exhilarating 
experiences of their work and close their 
eyes to the most delightful studies. The 
student will find no inspiration like that of 
the disinterested appeal of brotherly love, 
no biographies like those of the modern 
Acts of the Apostles, no poetry like the 
romance of missions, no trophies to narrate 
like those gathered by missions in the fields 
of science and literature, no achievements 
like its transformations from barbarism to 
light and purity. Let there be a revival 
among the ministers. Like priest like 
people. The pews will be languid if the 
pulpit is timid. Restore the missionary 
sermon. 

3. Revival of the Missioyiary Concert. I 
can imagine that the usual midweek pro- 
gram — Christian graces, Church duties, 
Scripture exposition — may be followed and 
every service, prayer, hymn and exhorta- 
tion be informed with missionary ardor and 
enterprise. But the concert has its legiti- 
mate place and should be a recognized factor 
in every church life. The rut brings 
monotony. It is not necessary to siug 

the same old hymns. Even 



32 



MISSION INTEREST IN THE HOME CHURCH. 



[January, 



" Greenland's Icy Mountains," by reitera- 
tion, may chill the meeting. The missionary 
fire glows through many inspiring hymns. 
It may be well to follow once or twice a 
series of monthly studies upon the missionary 
countries. But for an indefinite term of 
years maps, even though they are large and 
highly colored, lose their winsomeness. 
But I can testify to the attractiveness of such 
studies. I remember one year taking my 
people through a successive study of Pres- 
byterian Home and Foreign Missions by 
means of stereopticon views which brought 
large congregations and proved very help- 
ful. The slides and lectures for the foreign 
views can be had very cheaply from the 
Board, and the material is abundant and 
attractive for the home field. 

The field of heroism, romance, adventure, 
achievement is illimitable, leaving no ex- 
cuse for repetition or monotony of subject. 
Thought, a little system, enlistment of lay 
talent, variety of subject, judicious adver- 
tisement, would make the monthly concert 
an event. 

I have sometimes thought that a little 
money and consecrated energy would even 
construct a missionary praise service which 
would prove attractively and literally a mis- 
sionary concert. 

4. The Missionary IAterature. We pas- 
tors are very much at fault that we do not 
persistently urge and force our literature. 
Every voter must have his daily paper. 
Every Christian should have his Christian 
periodical. Every Presbyterian should 
have his Church paper. The grand success 
of our women's movement is largely due to 
their brave push of their own literature. 
Men do not give because they do not know. 
They are not interested because they have 
not heard. Give them the facts. With 
our Assembly Herald published so well and 
economically, each session should place it in 
each household of the church it serves. If 
we could put The Church at Home and 
Abroad and one Church weekly into each 
Presbyterian household the multitudinous 
rills of money now flowing to every point 
of the religious compass would quickly con- 
verge and flow together into one full mighty 
stream of Church benevolence. 

5. The Missionary Offering. 

(1) The law of the tithe has continuous 
obligation. It is as mandatory for sub- 
stance as that of the seventh for time. It 



existed before Abraham and was not abro- 
gated by Christ. Its obedience can scarcely 
be called benevolence. It is the rendering 
of just dues. Its recognition would give 
immediate solution to the disgraceful prob- 
lem of Board debts and cause mission enter- 
prise to leap to quick and world-wide success. 
The Tenth Legion is the best idea in Young 
People's work of to-day. It can train a 
generation of stalwarts. We talk and pray 
much about revivals, but we generally begin 
at the wrong end. The pressing need of 
the Church is not quantity, but quality, 
and in the improved quality will come the 
increased quantity. The revival the Church 
must have is not a revival of evangelism, 
nor of mysticism, nor of mere spiritual 
enjoyment, but a plain, practical, conscien- 
tious revival of the tithe. That way lies 
spiritual blessing. " Bring the tithes .... 
prove me .... I will open the windows 
of heaven." It is God's promise. Pastors 
should preach it. Sessions should study it. 
Disciples should prove it. The church 
adopting it will have a comfortable mind, 
peace of conscience and a ready treasury 
for every good work. 

The tithe in its distribution must have 

(2) The systematic plan. It is not incon- 
sistent with the Scriptural law that the 
financial responsibilities of the whole 
Church be so apportioned year by year that 
each synod, presbytery and congregation 
have an approximate knowledge at least of 
its share of that responsibility. If by any 
the authority is questioned the information 
may yet be accepted. It is a folly to an- 
nounce a budget in the General Assembly 
and take no further steps to meet the obli- 
gation. The information should be so organ- 
ized that the responsibility would be felt by 
the humblest member of the remotest con- 
gregation. If that is High-Churchism then 
God make us all High-Churchmen. It is 
business, and the gospel means business. 

Among the many systems in vogue, I 
venture to present one which has vindicated 
itself by its eminent success. It will not 
commend itself to the very wealthy or very 
poor for obvious though not worthy reasons. 

At the beginning of each church year 
the session printed and issued to each mem- 
ber and adherent of the congregation (a) 
a letter explaining the needs and method of 
Presbyterian Church work and the scheme 
as in force in that church; (6) two blanks 



f .. 



1898. J THE MISSIONARY DUTY OF THE CHURCH 33 

as below; (c) a package of twelve enve- bers of the Church to a more heavenly life, 

lopes, bearing each the name and date of that really teaches them to believe in Jesus 

the special object and a blank for the Christ and what it is to live with him in 

donor's name. The circular of the scheme heart, it is the lesson that is learned in the 

was as follows : act of endeavoring to bring other human 

Providence permitting, I agree to give to the souls *° s f the ^. ord <» ^ey themselves 

causes named below through the stated offerings have already seen him. I he Christian who 

of the Presbyterian Church, feels the power of Christ in his soul and 

, for the year 18 : longs to share that feeling with all man- 

Total | kind, the Christian who is thrilled through 

***** „ and through with the power of the wonder- 

Divided as Follows: fu] crogg> f^e Christian who has learned in 

And to be deposited on the last Sabbath of each month. some degree to understand that marvelous 

Foreign Missions Jan., $ — love beyond all other love — he assuredly 

Freedmen Feb., $ will find that cf all things that he can do 

Hospital, Free Bed Fund March, $ . . . . there is one that beyond all else will knit 

Our own Church Mission Work, in- , his very heart to God, and that is the long- 
eluding Mothers' Meeting, City l April, $ ing desire and the earnest labor to give to 

Missions and Sessional Fund J others what is such a blessing to himself. 

Board of Education May, $ He is but half a Christian who is content 

Church Erection — June, $ to receive what the Lord will be graciously 

Sustentation July, $ pleased to give, and thinks only of the 

Publication Aug., $ . . . . grace that shall enter into his own soul and 

Ministerial Belief Sept., $. . . . shall penetrate and purify his own life, and 

Aid for Colleges Oct. , $ casts no thought upon the many for whom 

Home Missions Nov.. $ Christ died, and for whom the death of 

Our own church Sunday-school Dec, $ Christ has not yet its real power, because 

g . , they have not yet heard his name. That 

* , , ' Christian is not really living the full Chris- 
tian life who forgets that which the Lord 

Note —If you prefer, you can subscribe so much gave the Church to do in the beginning, 

for each Sunday, indicating here the amount which an d takes no part in prayer for the conver- 

may be paid either weekly, monthly or quarterly, s i n of the world, and takes no part in 

and be apportioned as designated in accompanying sending forth those that shall undertake 

circular. the task, and takes no interest in the prog- 

N. B.— In case of absence at any special collec- ress of the work, and knows nothing and 

tion, the amount can be handed or sent to the ca res little whether or no the power of the 

treasurer. ] ove f Christ is made known to his fellow- 

A duplicate of this was retained. The men who breathe the same life, who are 

original was sent to the treasurer, and was children of the same humanity, who have 

strictly confidential. This scheme pre- been redeemed by the same Redeemer, 

sented all the work of the Presbyterian The doctrine of the communion of saints, 

Church, gave opportunity for local needs, which teaches us that we must live in one 

made the offering a systematic and thought- another, calls upon every soul to pray that 

fulgift, reserved three Sabbath mornings and God's work may be done, and do his part, 

evenings of each month for other offerings however little. 

if desired, and made all benevolence of the My brethren, it is time for the Church to 

Church a distinct and special act of wor- awake to all the fullness of what the Lord 

ship. requires. We have been too long without 

sufficient thought of what the death of the 

THE MISSIONARY DUTY OF THE Lord means, we have been too long content 

CHURCH. with thinking only of ourselves. It is time 

(From Sermon of the Archbishop of Canterbury at to arouse ourselves, to stand on a higher 

the opening of the Lambeth Conference.) ]eve]> to take our part m a great er work. 

If there be one thing beyond all others If we are indeed the Lord's, we have to be 

that really raises the Church and the mem- witnesses for him to the uttermost parts of 

THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MISSION LIBRARY 
475 Riverside Drive. New Ynrk 97 y v 



M 



A MISSIONARY LA.DY IN THE BUSH, 



[January, 



the earth. That witness we have either to 
bear ourselves or by every means in our 
power to send forth by true men who shall 
do what Christ has given us to do, and do 
it with their whole souls devoted to the 
task. It is time that this great work should 
not be passed aside by any single soul that 
lifts the heart to Christ, by any single soul 
that has begun to love the Lord. Love the 
Lord, aud you will not fail to take your 
part in that for which the Lord and Saviour 
died ; love the Lord, and you will be unable 
to keep away from the great work which at 
the beginning of the gospel was necessarily 
the main work which the Church had to do, 
and which still, as long as the Church shall 
last, until the Lord our Redeemer comes 
back to earth to welcome all his own, shall 
still be the task which he has given us. 
We have been on this earth's surface now 
for nearly nineteen hundred years since the 
Lord was born, and yet a very, very small 
fraction of the world has been converted to 
the faith. We have to do our share, to do 
it for the sake of the Christ that bought us. 
Let us no longer be slack, but earnest in 
the great endeavor. It is the Lord that 
calls. I charge you, follow the call. 



A MISSIONAKY LADY IN THE BUSH. 

REV. W. C. JOHNSTON, EFULEN. 

Mrs. Johnston and I recently made a trip to Elat. 
It was quite different from the one we made from 
the beach to Efulen shortly after our arrival in 
Africa. On that trip Mrs. Johnston had a ham- 
mock and four carriers (five the last day), but this 
time she had but one carrier. The round trip, in- 
cluding all personal loads and the cook, cost us less 
than the hammock carriers alone on our first trip 
from the beach. But it is not the cost I wish to 
speak of, nor do I disapprove of the hammock and 
four. In our case it was not necessary. We had 
the man who carried Mrs. Johnston over streams 
carry for her a pair of rubber boots, so that when 
we came to a place where the path followed a shal- 
low stream for some distance she could exchange 
her canvas shoes for rubber boots and wade the 
stream with as much satisfaction as a native. This 
man also carried a hammock so that we should 
have it for an emergency, but the entire trip was 
without accident. 

The road to Ebolewo'e (where our station Elat 
is located) being nearly altogether through towns, 
we met plenty of people and had enough to amuse 



us all the way. It was our purpose to make the 
trip an evangelistic tour, but in taking the cara- 
van , which numbered forty-nine, we were 
obliged to push along during the day, holding 
meetings only where we spent the nights. It is 
well-nigh impossible to hold a meeting in a town 
where you have just arrived with a caravan, there 
is so much running here and there, bartering, and 
sometimes a little quarreling between the carriers 
and people, that you cannot get them to listen to 
you. But on this last trip the crowd would divide 
its attention between seeing the white woman and 
selling food. Some places where I wished to buy 
food for the men I would find the women so excited 
at seeing a white woman that they would not take 
the trouble to tell me whether they had any food 
in hand or not. They would flock about Mrs. 
Johnston very much as the sheep used to do at my 
home when I went out to the pasture to give them salt 
in summer. And as they would escort her through 
the town they would call to the other women ahead 
of them, ' : Come and shake hands with her, she 
will shake hands with all the women." "She 
passes all for being friendly," and " O, my mother, 
isn' t she pretty ? ' ' Such were expressions we heard 
at nearly every town. 

The work at Elat is encouraging in almost every 
respect. The station is so located that the mission- 
aries are right with the people and cannot help but 
know what is going on. They have pretty good 
ground and are getting food planted that will make 
them nearly independent of the supply from the 
people, if it should be necessary. The work of 
planting and taking care of the food will give work 
for the school-boys. When we were there they had 
about fifteen boys boarding who worked two hours 
for their food, and after that were paid a cent an 
hour for their work. The missionaries gave the 
boys a week's vacation after we went up there, and 
those who wished stayed and worked, and a 
prouder lot of boys are not easily found than those 
were at the end of the week when they got their 
new clothes. Some of them made themselves (after 
the cutting was done for them) little jackets, which, 
with a dark cloth about the waist, make them look 
very neat. And the boys thought much more of 
their clothes than if they had been given to them 
without their having earned them. Considering 
the kind of work they did I think they earned 
every cent they got. They are making good prog- 
ress in school. There were twelve reading the 
Bulu gospels when we were there, and there are 
more by this time. There were about fifty in school 
and all with the understanding that what they 
learned in school was all they would get out of it. 
No gifts were to be expected. 



EDUCATION 




Crescent Avenue Presbyterian Church, Plainfield, N. J. 



ADDRESS OF ELDER HORACE 
CHURCHMAN 3EFORE THE 
SYNOD OF NEW JERSEY. 

It seems to me that in presenting the 
cause of the Board of Education, I need to 
consider but two questions. 

1. Is our system of aiding candidates for the 
ministry to secure a thorough education a 
wise and desirable one t 

And in discussing this question, let us 
see, first, what aid has been given. 

I learn that in the seventy-eight years of 
the Board's history, it has received $3,777,- 
328. With this sum it has encouraged and 
enabled 8613 young men to take the train- 
ing which the Church requires of her minis- 
ters. These 8613 men have taken, under 
the Board's care, approximately 45,000 
years' tuition; that is, the equivalent of 



one year each for 45,000 men. The aid 
given has averaged about $80 for each year 
of tuition taken. The maximum allowance 
under the Board's rules is $150 per year. I 
find from a statement furnished me that 
during the ten years preceding last year 
the aid allowed varied from $110, in the 
years 1886-7, to $80, in the years 1892-3, 
1894-5 and 1895-6. I have not the 
figures for last year, but feel sure they 
did not exceed $80. They were probably 
less. 

Now let us next inquire, What have been 
the results? I am advised that of the men 
aided, more than 100 are now at work in 
foreign mission fields; between 500 and 600 
are engaged in home mission work; about 
thirty of the aided men are college presi- 
dents; forty, college professors; twenty, 
secretaries, and twelve, editors. Now it is 

35 



36 



ADDRESS OF ELDER HORACE CHURCHMAN. 



[January, 



manifest that the services of a considerable 
proportion of these, as well as of those who 
have faithfully filled and are filling pastor- 
ates, were secured to the Church by the 
Board's aid, and would have been lost to 
the Church without such aid. 

Let us next consider what objections are 
made to the system of aiding candidates. 
It is said there are already too many minis- 
ters. To this I replv : 

Not so, while the Church imports from 
other denominations an annual average of 
ninety- six ministers. Not so, while every 
year there are 1000 to 1200 churches 
reported vacant. It cannot be so, consider- 
ing that in the period 1835-40 there was 
one candidate to every 387 communicants 
and every 24,800 of our population; while 
in 1894 there was but one for every 625 of 
communicants and 47,000 of population. 
It cannot be true that there are too many 
ministers, for the need of faithful preachers 
is constantly growing, and upon all hands is 
heard the cry, How shall we reach the 
people ? 

No ! there are not too many of the right 
kind of ministers. And yet there may be 
need of a more decided missionary spirit on 
the part of the Church's candidates. The 
General Assembly has expressed its view by 
giving its approval to a plan for bringing 
about, to as large a degree as possible, the 
employing of the probationers for the minis- 
try in mission stations for a period at the 
conclusion of their studies. 

Another objection sometimes made is that 
it injures the character of candidates to 
receive aid from the Board. Now, if this 
objection is sound, it lies with equal force 
against every public school, free institution, 
or training-school. It lies against West 
Point and Annapolis. It lies also in great 
measure against every university and college 
in the land. For every endowed educa- 
tional institution (and where do they thrive 
without endowment ?) gives a large amount 
of free aid to those seeking education. 

Those who claim that aiding a student 
injures his character claim too much; they 
thus disparage nearly the whole ministry of 
our own and of other Churches. 

If a candidate for the ministry is injured, 
if he becomes fat and saucy, pampered and 
pauperized on the princely allowance of $80 
per year, what debased and flabby creatures 
our West Point cadets must be with their 



stipend of $540 per year in cash, and no 
dread of a cut because of a depleted treas- 
ury hanging over their heads ! 

If it is injurious to character to aid faith- 
ful and devoted students for the ministry to 
the extent of $80 per annum, what demoral- 
ization must result from the scholarships, 
fellowships and prizes founded in all col- 
leges, which enable men to take post-gradu- 
ate courses at home and abroad! 

But the best answer to this objection is 
furnished by experience. This shows that 
such aid has not injured the character of 
those aided. I refer you, in the first place, 
to the facts and figures already quoted as to 
the career of a large number of aided men. 
In the next place, the general record of the 
ministry of our own and other Churches 
entirely refutes the statements of these 
objectors. We should also remember that 
there are fewer failures among graduates in 
the ministry than among those in medicine, 
dentistry or the law. Of our merchants, 
ninety-five per cent, do not succeed. Do 
ten per cent, of our ministers, aided or 
unaided, fail to do good work for Christ ? 

2. Is our Board of Education a satisfac- 
tory executive of that system f 

In order to get a clear understanding of 
the matter, let us first inquire, What is the 
Board's work f 

First, there is the receiving from churches, 
Sunday-schools, etc., and distributing to 
worthy candidates, money contributed for 
their aid, and keeping accounts with about 
1000 such students. 

Then there is the extensive correspon- 
dence with presbyteries, sessions and indi- 
viduals concerning the receiving of, and 
caring for, recommended candidates. 

Next, we have the watching over, and 
advising, about 1000 young men in many 
parts of the land, partly by correspondence 
and partly by personal visits — a most impor- 
tant part of the work of the Board, and 
especially of the corresponding secretary, and 
one which is often overlooked by many of 
the pastors and elders of our churches. 
It is by this means that the Church seeks to 
eliminate unfit and unworthy men from among 
those whom she is aiding to reach the minis- 
try. In the words of another, ' ' The Board 
should therefore, more than ever, in the 
present crisis, have the encouragement and 
assistance of the Church. It is evident that 
the work abroad is likely to demand in the 



1898.] ADDRESS OF ELDER HORACE CHURCHMAN. 37 

immediate future a great accession of labor- met and advised with students in many 

ers, and there never was a time when the seminaries and schools. Bearing in mind 

command of Christ concerning the largeness the amount of traveling last year involved 

of the harvest and the need of an increase in the work just described, let us look at 

in the number of laborers more imperatively the expense account in the last annual report 

lay upon the conscience of the Church." of the Board. What charge do we find 

The duties of the Board next to be men- there for traveling expenses ? But S57.05! 

tioned are advertising — that is, keeping the How is this inconsiderable sum explained ? 

Church informed and stirred up concerning Let these words, quoted from a recent cir- 

this branch of her great task; the editorial cular of the Board, answer: " The whole 

work; the care of investments and funds. work of visiting students in academies, 

Now let us inquire, How has the Board colleges and theological seminaries, in all 

done its work? First, as to receipts and parts of the country, and of addressing 

disbursements. From a table furnished me, congregations, presbyteries, synods, and 

I find that in the ten years preceding the last Assemblies, in behalf of the Board has 

fiscal year, the Board paid to candidates the been accomplished without any cost to the 

sum of $751,392. Of this amount, $553,- treasury for a number of years, the small 

183 was received from churches, Sabbath- charge for traveling being incurred when 

schools and Young People's societies, the the Board has found it necessary to dispatch 

whole of which went direct to the students a trusted agent to look after some invest- 

for whose benefit it was given, and the Board ment or other financial matter requiring 

supplied from other sources, $198,208. personal attention." 

I find that last year the Board received The next feature of the Board's work, the 

from advertising, involves a good deal of thought 

Churches, Sabbath- schools, etc $44,661 and labor and expense in devising forms of 

(every penny of which was paid over to circulars, etc., and superintending their 

students). preparation and issue. Does it pay ? The 

And added from other funds. ^,046 report states that last year there was an 

Making a total paid to students $48, '07 • r » ono xl _ J r n , •! 

G r ' increase or 111 in the number or contrib- 

I find also that last year the Board's income uting churches, an increase in great measure, 

from sources entirely outside of amounts doubtless, due to this advertising work, 

contributed by churches, Sabbath- schools But even yet there remained 4149 churches, 

and Young People's societies, besides yield- out of a total of 7573, which gave nothing, 

ing the aforesaid $4046 to aid students, also How necessary, therefore, it is to keep up 

paid all cost of administration and $5198.61 this advertising! I am glad, however, to 

in partial liquidation of the Board's debt. note, and to call attention to the fact, that the 

By the facts just given it will be seen that Synod of New Jersey has done well in this 

the receipt and distribution of these contri- respect. Out of a total of 330 churches, 

butions is but a small part of the Board's only eighty-one, or less than one-quarter, 

work, and further, that these contributions gave nothing. No other synod has done 

are not taxed in the least for the expense of so well, though Baltimore very nearly 

handling, or for any other expense what- equals it. 

ever, but instead are paid over in toto to the Of the editorial work of the Board I need 

students. not speak, as it speaks every month for 

Second, as to the necessary extensive corre- itself in The Church at Home and 

spondence of the Board. This is conducted Abroad and in the Assembly Herald. 

entirely by the corresponding secretary per- This address may well end by emphasiz- 

sonally and one clerk, except, of course, ing the important fact that no inconsiderable 

such as relates to the acknowledgment of part of the expense of advertising is due to 

contributions and the remittance of money, the necessity of overcoming objections, an- 

which are attended to by the treasurer. swering criticisms, and stir-ring up the indiffer- 

In the next place is the supervision of ent. Much could undoubtedly be saved by 

candidates, which is conducted by the corre- an increase of fidelity on the part of the 

sponding secretary personally. For ex- pastors and sessions of our churches. Will 

ample, last year, besides visiting the Synods not my brethren exert their influence in 

of New Jersey, Indiana and Wisconsin, he this direction ? 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 




First Presbyterian Church (Indian), Kamiah, Idaho. 



BREVITIES. 

The receipts of the Sabbath -school and Mis- 
sionary Department for October were : From 
churches, $1845.48; Sabbath-schools, $4350.33; 
individuals, $133.34 ; t.tal for the month, $6329.15. 



As compared with October, 1896, the receipts 
from churches and Sabbath- schools were larger by 
$208.69, while donations from individuals show a 
falling orTof $776.16, which more than offsets the 
advantage gained by the increase from churches 
and Sabbath- schools, and makes the total for 
October of this year less than the total for October, 
1896, by $567.47. 



The increase of contributions from churches and 



Sabbath-schools, 
38 



though not large, is very grati- 



fying, and shows, we trust, that this cause is steadily 
gaining in the affections of our people. The de- 
crease in individual contributions will, we earnestly 
hope, attract the attention and draw towards us the 
donations of some of our liberal friends. 



Up to November 1, the total contributions for 
the current year show a falling off from the cor- 
responding period of last year of $2181.88. 



This is not a large sum, but it would more than 
pay the salaries and expenses of two first-class 
Presbyterial missionaries on the field for one year. 



There are thousands of earnest Christians in our 
Church who could by a stroke of the pen change 
the deficit into a surplus, and not feel much thy 



1893] 



TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



39 



poorer. Could such generosity be more worthily 
bestowed ? 

And there are tens of thousands who could send 
a personal gift of five or ten dollars as a New 
Year's offering to this work of our Church among 
the children in America. 



An urgent appeal comes from Arkansas : ' ' Our 
Church here, ' ' says the writer, ' * is young ; in 
some localities the name Presbyterian is unknown ; 
what we do must be done through the young, and 
there are thousands of them who never see the in- 
side of a Sabbath-school — many know not what a 
Sabbath-school is." 



The superintendent of the First Church, Kamiah, 
Idaho — an Indian congregation — sent us a contri- 
bution of $51.65 as a Children's day offering — sent 
it promptly, and accompanied it with the names of 
the 160 contributors whose offerings made up the 
amount and ranged from five cents to four dollars 
each. The writer, Mr. L. W. Jonas, says : ' ' My 
pastor, Rev. James Hayes, and the elders are 
working very hard in our church ; so we are desir- 
ing the help from God through your prayers, dear 
elder brothers, for you know more and better the 
divine name of our Saviour than we Indian 
brothers." Many a prayer will we know ascend to 
our heavenly Father for these dear Indian brethren 
who of their poverty have sent so liberal a gift to 
the Sabbath-school work. 



The Sabbath-school of the Devon Chapel, in 
Chester Presbytery, Pennsylvania, sent us a Chil- 
dren's day offering of $100.01. The superintendent 
writes: ' ' There was much enthusiasm in the school 
and they took great pleasure in making the amount 
as large as they possibly could. We all enjoyed 
the giving as much as you the receiving for the 
work." 

TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVE- 
MENT. 

Endorsements and Encouragements. 

JAMES A. WORDEN, D.D 

So far the responses to the proposal for a 
united and general effort to bring into Pres- 
byterian Sabbath-schools before April, 1901, 
a net increase of half-a-million scholars are 
unanimous in its approval. From all States 
and Territories, from Sabbath -school super- 
intendents and faithful teachers, from pas- 
tors and home missionaries, from editors, 
theological professors and college presidents, 
have come only words of indorsement and 



cheer. All seem to say with Prof. B. B. 
Warfield : " In God's name, go on ! " 

The most encouragiDg fact demonstrated by 
this correspondence is that the Spirit of God 
is moving deeply in the hearts of ministers, 
superintendents and teachers, and that he is 
lifting up their souls to hear and heed as 
from God the call to the Twentieth-century 
Movement. 

From a Pastor in the State of Washington : 
The suggestions of the paper breathe such a spirit 
of love, and appear so much in harmony with the 
mind of Christ as revealed in the Scriptures, that I 
can only say, that in no better way could we, as a 
Church, seek to honor our Lord or fulfill his will 
than by seeking to carry them out. 

So far as this coast is concerned there is nothing 
we need more than to bring our young children 
into the Sabbath -school. 

From a Denver Pastor, Colorado : 
I heartily commend your Twentieth -century 
Sabbath-school Movement as outlined in your recent 
circular. The increase might well be doubled, it 
seems to me. Since coming here four years ago our 
Sabbath-school has about doubled, and we hope 
there will be as large an increase during the next 
four years. 

It is surely not too much to expect of a Church 
like our Presbyterian Church that there should be 
two millions of scholars in her Sabbath- schools. 

From a Wisconsin Pastor : 

I very much like your idea of placing before our 
churches and schools a high standard of attainment 
in the way of practical results, and then urging 
them to work up to it. In part, at least, the key to 
success is ever to have before us some definite task 
which is worth accomplishing ; and certainly there 
is no grander work than that of gathering the 
children and youth into our Sabbath -schools, and 
then giving them the instruction which is unto sal- 
vation. I shall gladly cooperate with you in the 
proposed movement. 

From a Pastor in Illinois: 

I have carefully read your circular and I not 
only look upon it with favor, but stand ready to 
second, in my feeble way, any plan which under 
the guidance of the Holy Spirit will lead to greater 
efficiency in soul-saving through the Sabbath- 
school. 

From an Editor: 

The plan of your paper proposing a Twentieth- 
century Movement seems eminently fitting and 



40 



TWENTIETH- CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



[January, 



practicable. The measures heretofore proposed to 
commemorate some special event or mark some 
particular era have mostly called for means and 
not results. What you mention will turn the lead- 
ing thought, as you indicate, in the way of work for 
results, and means will be brought forward as the 
necessary accompaniment of the work, and will not 
be wanting when once there is the earnest purpose 
to put forth effort. 

From a Pastor in Washington City, D.C. : 

The proposition is feasible and grateful. Your 
presentation of the scheme is comprehensive, intel- 
ligent and inspiring. It would be an easy thing to 
accomplish and one of the most impressive, if we 
can lead our Church to such a magnificent effort. 
I wish you abundant success, and promise coopera- 
tion. 

From the Superintendent of one of our 
largest Sabbath-schools : 

I gladly give my opinion that your plan is an 
excellent one. and that the scheme is entirely 
practicable. I might only add that I never like to 
do things by halves, and that you might just as 
well bring in a round million while you are 
about it. 

From the President of a College : 

The idea is a capital one, the project is feasible, 
nay more, it ought to be done, and I trust the Lord 
will so lay it on the hearts of his people, that they 
will have no rest or peace until Zion is aroused, 
and the saints of God, in answer to the command, 
u Go out into the highways," will go, and by love 
" compel them to come in." May the Lord greatly 
bless the work and the workers. 

From a Professor in a Theological Semi- 
nary : 

It is a noble movement and it will command the 
sympathies of all that love the Lord and the souls 
of his little ones. Of course, I say : Go on, in 
God's name. 

From a Xew Jersey Pastor : 

Your plan for a Twentieth- century Movement 
seems feasible. The Church needs it. Let the 
Church fall on her knees — the "7000 who have 
not bowed the knee to the Baal" of worldliness 
and indifference and formalism — and pray yearn- 
ingly for the Holy Spirit's power now, in the 
hearts of God's children in our land. My heart 
and prayers are with you — commending and aiding 
this grand scheme the Holy Spirit hath put into 
your heart. May Ephes. 3 ; 20 be your power — 
your unlimited resource. 



From a Baltimore Pastor: 

I believe the plan n not only suggestive, but 
practicable. Such an effort is timely. The results 
anticipated are not too large. From an extended 
personal experience as superintendent of a large 
mission Sabbath school prior to entering the 
ministry, and a still more recent experience as 
pastor of a rhurch with a large and successful Sab- 
bath-school, as well as chairman of Sabbath-school 
Committee of our Presbytery, I am decidedly of 
the opinion that the Sabbath-schools of our Church 
are not doing all that they are able, with their 
equipment and opportunities, to meet the responsi- 
bilities laid upon the Church by Christ to evangelize 
and instruct the millions of youth in our country 
" without God and hope." 

From a Michigan Pastor : 

The paper sent me in reference to the proposed 
Twentieth - century Movement in Presbyterian 
Sabbath-schools was received. I have given it 
careful consideration. The more I have thought 
of it, the more it has approved itself to me. The 
only thing needed is united, persistent effort and 
God's Holy Spirit. To quote the old Scotch prov- 
erb, "At it, a' at it, a' aye at it" Oh that our 
people would wake up everywhere to the magnifi- 
cence of the opportunity. 

From the Chancellor of a University : 

I read your circular and count it interesting and 
forceful. It is likely to move people to effort. 
One good thing — one best thing — is, that it is an 
exhortation to go for persons and not things. 
While our Mission Boards are asking loudly for 
dollars, this asks for sou^s. 

A Pennsylvania Pastor writes : 

As president of a County Sabbath-school Asso- 
ciation and chairman of the Standing Committee 
on Sabbath -school Work of our presbytery, I am 
in a position to know what a wonderful work the 
Sabbath-school is doing. But, what a wonderful 
work is yet to be dooe ! I most heartily approve 
your plan and shall do all I can to cooperate with 
you in the work. 

From a Florida Pastor: 

I am sure "we are well able," as a Church, to 
accomplish the end you propose. Marshal your 
leaders under the blue banner of the cross and 
command me for humble but devoted service in 
this part of the field — the sunny South-land— which 
needs the mighty help of the divine^Healer. 



1898.] 



APPEAL FOR CLOTHING — WHY " EDUCATION DAY"? 



41 



A College President in Pennsylvania 
writes : 

I am very much pleased with your plan of cam- 
paign, and pray that you may have abundant 
success. 

APPEAL FOR CLOTHING. 

To Presbyterian Women'' 's Societies, Sabbath- 
Schools, Young People's Societies and 
Benevolent Individuals : 

Christian Friends : — The Lord Jesus said : 
11 Ye have the poor with you always, and 
whensoever ye will ye may do them good." 
There are in our Sabbath school Missionary 
fields thousands of children who are pre- 
vented from attending the school of the 
Word for want of decent clothing. Our 
missionaries to whom supplies of clothing are 
sent for distribution among the needy, are 
men of tried character and prudence. The 
garments for which we now plead will not 
be given away indiscriminately, but will 
be made to go as far as possible in supply- 
ing the needs of children and youth as well 
as of persons of riper years. Not a great 
deal will be given to any one, but just suffi- 
cient to complete a decent outfit for Sabbath- 
school attendance. 

I am confident that you cannot send your 
donations of clothing where they will 
accomplish more for the amount expended 
than in thus fitting boys and girls and 
young men and women for the house of 
God. Strong appeals have come to us, 
setting forth the destitution in the commun- 



ities in which our Sabbath -school mission- 
aries are laboring. 

I pray God to give you grace to respond 
to this call which I believe is the call of his 
providence. Please write me giving assur- 
ance of your disposition to send boxes or 
barrels of clothing and also stating your 
preference, if any, for a particular part of 
the field, and I will send you the name and 
address of a Sabbath -school missionary to 
whom you may send your gift directly. 
And remember the words of the Lord Jesus, 
how he said: " Give and it shall be given 
unto you; good measure, pressed down and 
shaken together and running over shall men 
give into your bosom " (Luke 6 : 38). 
Faithfully yours, 

Jambs A. Worden, 

Superintendent Sabbath School and 
Missionary Department. 

In sending your box, please notify the 
Sabbath-school missionary in such way that 
he may identify you as the sender and ap- 
propriately acknowledge your kindness ; also 
advise me of the shipment and state the 
estimated value of the goods sent. 



In approving the foregoing appeal I desire 
to express my hearty commendation of the 
object thereof. The plan of providing 
clothing for needy and almost naked chil- 
dren has proved of great benefit in the past 
and promises equal, if not greater, good in 
the future. 

E. K. Craven, 

Secretary. 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



WHY " EDUCATION DAY " ? 

There are too many ' ' days ' ' now, to 
please either preacher or congregation. Be- 
sides the Boards of our Church, each claim- 
ing one or more Sundays of the year, there 
are Young People's societies, Bible societies, 
tract societies, Young Men's and Young 
Women's Christian Associations, temperance 
and good government organizations, social 
settlements and hospitals, various sorts of 
asylums, and not a few other general or 
local organizations and good causes, each 
requesting, some even demanding, a special 



Sabbath. Why did our honored General 
Assembly inflict another ' ' day ' ' upon the 
Church, as it did in adopting the fifth 
recommendation of its Standing Committee 
on the Board of Aid for Colleges and Acad- 
emies : " That, as the Day of Prayer for 
Colleges is the last Thursday of January, 
the Sabbath preceding or succeeding be 
observed throughout the Church as Educa- 
tion Day, when the subject of Christian 
Education shall be presented from the pulpit 
and offerings be made for this Board " ? 

An answer is easy : Because our Church 
is in lamentable need of the instruction 



42 



WHY "EDUCATION DAY 



[January, 



which such a day is designed to give, and 
of the interest it is meant to awaken. 

Dr. Howard Crosby, of noted and blessed 
memory, was one of the earliest and 
staunchest friends of this Board. His 
nephew, the Rev. Arthur Crosby, D.D., 
Ihe founder and principal of the Mt. Tam- 
alpais Academy near San Francisco, has the 
same convictions and spirit. I find a copy 
of a sermon preached by him six years ago, 
on " Christian Education," which takes 
for a text: " The fear of the Lord is the 
beginning of knowledge, but the foolish 
despise wisdom and instruction;" and says 
among other good things these words, very 
much in point here : 

" It becomes evident, first, that a living 
Christianity must make much of education; 
and second, that all true education must 
recognize and be regulated by the principles 
of Christianity 

" Especially is this true of the Presbyte- 
rian Church. With us learning has always 
been honored as an important part of a 
true Christian development, and educational 
facilities have been provided as necessary 
adjuncts to the work of the Church. Nor 
does our Church seek only to secure an 
educated ministry, but constant efforts are 
made to provide educational advantages for 
all the people. 

1 ' We realize the vast importance of having 
intelligent, broad-minded, well-informed 
elders and laymen. It is characteristic of 
Presbyterianism to encourage parents to 
keep their boys and girls at school as long 
as possible, and to give them every oppor- 
tunity to cultivate their intellectual powers. 
And so it has come to pass that in almost 
every community where there is a Presby- 
terian Church you will find the bulk of the 
better- educated people in that church, while 
it is acknowledged that our General Assem- 
bly is probably the most learned and able 
deliberative body of its size that is ever 

gathered together in any country 

It is an educated and an educating 
Church 

' ' Our second proposition is that all true 
education must recognize and be recognized 
by the principles of Christianity. Until 
within a comparatively short period this 
statement would have needed no argument 

to sustain it But of late years this 

position has been vigorously assailed in the 
interests of an aggressive infidelity. We 



are told that religion has nothing to do with 
education, and should have nothing to do 
with it; that the minds of our children 
should be left to acquire all knowledge 
without being prejudiced by the supersti- 
tions of Christianity; that a thoroughly 
secular education is the only path by 
which truth can be reached, since all 
religious preconceptions are sure to warp and 
trammel the mind and unfit it for the clear 
perception of truth. The worst of it is 
that the exigencies of our common-school 
system, the necessity, on political grounds, 
of excluding the Bible and all definite 
religious instruction from these schools, have 
done much to strengthen the hands of the 
infidels in this matter. In our eagerness to 
defend our public schools against the attacks 
of a powerful religious sect, we have, I fear, 
gone too far. We have made concessions 
and sacrifices which as Christian men, as 
believers in an exclusive and universal 
religion, we had no right to make, so that 
there is some plausibility in the charge that 
is often made that our schools are God- 



" It is unfortunately true that the non- 
religious character of our public school 
system, and the emphasis given to this 
feature of it, has had a strong influence in 
spreading the impression even among Chris- 
tian people that education need not be 
religious. But this whole position, whether 
held positively and aggressively by avowed 
unbelievers, or negatively and carelessly by 
Christians, is utterly false and injuri- 
ous 

" If we could bind over the devil and all 
his allies to keep hands off during the school 
and college years, this demand for the non- 
interference of Christianity would be more 
plausible 

" We must remember that the school 
years are the most impressionable period of 
life; that then character is forming, and 
that the ideas of God and duty which are 
then instilled will mingle with and modify 
all the knowledge that is being acquired, 
and will affect all the habits of mental 
activity which are being formed; but how 
is it possible to know truly and accurately or 
to reason clearly and correctly if the mind 
is detached by unbelief from the source of 
all knowledge, the fountain of all wisdom ?" 

The close of the sermon presents an elo- 
quent and beautiful picture of a practical 



1898.] 



REPORT TO THE SYNOD OF OHIO. 



43 



education, every part of which shall be per- 
vaded and informed by reverent faith in our 
God and Saviour; and it closes with the 
words : 

" Let this be our mark, then, and let us 
never rest until we have succeeded in pro- 
vidiug the opportunity for such an education 
for our children and our children's chil- 
dren." 

The West far more than the East has 



need of positive religious education for its 
young people, if our Church is to have the 
sort of material in its congregations which 
it requires,, and if those vast and populous 
regions of our beloved country are to be 
won and held for our Redeemer and his 
kingdom. Every pulpit should use Educa- 
tion Day for instruction on this subject. 
The College Board will furnish suggestive 
literature to preachers. 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



REPORT TO THE SYNOD OF OHIO 
ON MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 

REV. ROBERT C. GALBRAITH, D.D. 

We do sometimes, and with good reason, 
feel like boasting about our Church. The 
order and regularity of its services, the 
purity of its doctrine, the prosperity in all 
temporal affairs of its members, its stalwart 
Christian men, its lovely, devoted, elect 
women, its steady growth like that of some 
great tree fed by all the forces of nature, 
which stands erect during all the storms of 
winter, holding out its bare arms defiant 
and then in the spring puts on its garments 
of green and in the genial summer sunshine 
continues its growth, strengthened by the 
very tempests of winter for its summer's 
work, and then by the warmth and moisture 
and increase is prepared to the better endure 
another winter, every season adding to its 
beauty and its worth, giving to it whatsoever 
of increase or solidity the season has to 
bestow. We are proud of our Church and 
well may we be. 

We have also in our Church many who 
are rich in this world's goods, who have, 
by their superior business ability, accumu- 
lated great fortunes to themselves ; many 
of whom give most liberally of their abun- 
dance to every good cause that presents itself, 
or is properly presented to them. 

We need the poor and we need the rich, 
and should thank God for giving us of both 
classes. These members of our Church, 
both poor and rich, the best people in all 
the world, do give, in proportion to their 
numbers and wealth, more than any other 
people. Their contributions average more, 



per capita, than those of any other denom- 
ination in our land ; and when we see the 
general results tabulated and comparison 
made with amounts given by others we feel a 
kind of pride, or complacency, that inclines 
us to raise shouts of triumph, or to chant 
our own praise. 

When we consider how little we have 
given to the support of our fathers and 
mothers in God, and how we have called 
upon other parts of the Church to help us 
in the pittance doled out to them, verily 
shame doth become us. It is honoiable to 
be ashamed for this, it is dishonorable to 
permit that cause for shame to remain. 
And when you consider that, as Dr. Agnew 
said to the General Assembly, " Just as 
certain as the laws of life insurance, one in 
every ten of you or your families will apply 
to this Board for help," even an enlightened 
selfishness should cause all the ministers of 
this Synod to use more active exertions to 
plentifully furnish the table at which one in 
every ten of us, we know not which, shall 
be fed, and to replenish the wardrobe from 
which one in every ten of us shall get his 
clothes. Brethren, this is our cause, and 
the most brilliant and earnest and devoted 
of our number may, in the providence of 
God, be brought to the necessity of asking 
their presbyteries to apply for aid for them- 
selves. 

There is a great deal of outward respect 
paid to old men in our presbyteries and 
synods. When an old man who by the 
infirmities of age is often kept from attend- 
ance upon the stated meetings, does find 
himself present, he receives a kind of 
ovation, and the poor old man, delighted 



44 



REPORT TO THE SYNOD OF OHIO. 



[January, 



with his welcome, feels that he is walking 
on the delectable mountains. All of this is 
right and proper, is homage heartily ren- 
dered and every one has all good wishes for 
him whose head is hoary, whose limbs are 
tremulous. It is a pleasure to grasp hands 
that have been so often raised in benediction, 
that have sprinkled the cleansing waters of 
baptism upon so many heads and to hear 
the voice, now feeble, that once in trumpet 
tones called men to Christ and portrayed the 
sweetness of the love of God, and the hor- 
ror of separation from that love, thrilling 
assemblies with his utterances as in conscious 
power he stood before them, God's ambassa- 
dor, in God's name, and by his authority, 
making clear the plan of salvation and urg- 
ing, entreating, exhorting men to fall in 
with its provisions. 

All men can unite in honoring such men. 
But good wishes, polite expressions, enthusi- 
astic welcomes, hearty assignments to places 
of honor, that have no profit connected with 
them, butter no bread, and these old men 
flattered, honored and delighted with the 
kindly expressions of their brethren, often 
go down to neighborhoods where they are 
only known as old preachers, out of work, 
where they have hung about them no crim- 
son and purple and golden banners of praise, 
to narrow home3 whose perplexities make 
them look forward with longing to that nar- 
rower home in which we all must rest. The 
light of heaven falls upon these old men's 
faces. But while they wait the Master's call 
to go up higher they must be fed and clothed. 
They have not yet become so ethereal and 
spiritual that they can live on air, even 
though it be sweetened with many compli- 
ments, but they need a little honest meal 
stirred in their broth, something that will 
thicken and make it more substantial than 
bushels of praise and empty words of com- 
mendation of their former work. To a man 
with a full stomach it may be grateful to 
hear men speak of him as one of the heroes 
of old wars and tell to his honor of what he 
did in founding and building up churches 
and making neighborhoods fit places for 
honest men's habitation by enriching them 
with earnest, devoted Christian men ; but a 
hungry man finds not his hunger appeased 
by words of praise even the most extrava- 
gant, and while he praises God for what he 
has been enabled to accomplish, he', thinks 
it strange, it is strange, that those whom he 



has blessed do not remember and act upon 
the words of Paul (Rom. 15:24): " For 
if the Gentiles have been made partakers of 
their spiritual things, their duty is also to 
minister to them in carnal things." You 
will notice that Paul makes this giving not 
a favor, not a mark of gratitude, but the 
payment of an actual debt, the discharge 
of an obligation that is due ; it is duty — some- 
thing that is owed and must be paid — to 
the payment of which common honesty 
should be sufficient compulsion. 

" Even so hath the Lord ordained that 
they which preach the gospel should live of 
the gospel." To hold back then from the 
giving to these men, who have borne the 
heat and burden of the day, that which is 
theirs, set apart to and for them, by ordina- 
tion of God, is not only a shame, but a sin, 
is not merely a venial offense, but is an act 
of downright dishonesty and should be so 
regarded, and yet we have all sinned in this 
matter, and if we would have the blessing 
of God on our persons and on our work, is 
it not a present pressing duty for us to 
repent and to do works meet for repentance ? 

These venerated men brace themselves to 
bear without murmur the burden that is 
upon them, and often smile and speak hope- 
fully when their stomachs are empty and 
their backs are cold. Their goodness, their 
excellency cannot turn the stones to bread, 
nor cover their bodies with garments of fine 
wool ; and the righteousness of Christ, that 
garment white so as no fuller on earth can 
whiten, is not designed or fitted to shut out 
the piercing winds or exclude the frosts of 
earth ; nor will our saying in presbyteries 
and synods and General Assemblies, " Be 
ye fed; be ye clothed," fill their mouths 
with good things, or cover their persons with 
protecting garments when the east wind 
blows, scattering the treasures of hail and 
snow upon the earth and whitening its sur- 
face with hoar frost like ashes. We must, 
the Church of God must, see to it that they 
have actual food and raiment and a shelter- 
ing roof-tree over their heads, or we must 
go against the ordination of God. When 
we come to appear before God, to answer for 
the deeds done in the body, it will be no 
excuse for our dereliction that we did not 
know the wants of our brethren and fathers. 
We ought to have known them. It was 
our duty to know them. If we do not know 
them in time to relieve them, we are worse 



1898.] 



PREFERRED CREDITOR. 



45 



than the black ravens that God made the 
almoners of his bounty to his prophet of 
old, who knew the way to the prophet and 
came, with heavy wing, bringing him food. 
God does not now use such instruments be- 
cause he has those who should be better. 
Can it be that we shall be more negligent 
than they ? 

The men who have been helped deserved 
and had earned what they received. More, 
far more, was actually their due. What 
was given them was not like the charity 
that is doled out to a pauper. But how 
about the presbyteries, in the synod ? Are 
they not putting themselves in the shameful 
role of paupers, and not of helpers, in this 
good work, when they ask so out of propor- 



tion to what they give ? when they take out 
from this partnership fund so much more than 
they have put in ? I merely ask the ques- 
tion, not proposing to answer it, but leaving 
it to the brethren to answer as knowledge 
may enable and conscience dictate. 

But if we should find that we are to be 
degraded in being numbered with beggars 
and paupers, shall we not make strenuous 
efforts to get out from this condition and 
become ourselves almoners of God's bounty, 
to God's children, by giving, what we 
have ourselves earned, to their help, rather 
than what we have begged from those whose 
sense of duty is higher than ours, or whose 
understanding of the situation is more 
perfect ? 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



A " PREFERRED CREDITOR." 

Under the laws of certain States, it is per- 
mitted, when a business man finds himself 
pecuniarily embarrassed and unable to meet 
his obligations, that he should name certain 
creditors as " preferred;" that is, in assign- 
ing his assets he may give them a preference 
above other creditors. Ordinarily such 
1 ' preferred creditors ' ' are those with whom 
his relations are not merely those of busi- 
ness ; they are frequently friends or rela- 
tives who have advanced money to aid him 
in the time of his embarrassment. 

Is there not something analogous to this 
in the relation that the Board holds to 
churches to whom it has loaned money ? 
These loans are quite distinct from the 
grants that are made to feeble churches. 
The latter are made from the General Fund 
and are in the nature of a free endowment 
from the mother Church ; but the former are 
from trust funds that the General Assem- 
bly permits to be loaned to churches that 
are strong enough to care for themselves if 
they can have accommodation in the matter 
of a loan at low interest with easy payments 
running through several years. 

Where a church has taken advantage of 
this permission and has borrowed from the 
common funds of the mother Church, it 
would seem as if every consideration would 
impel it to consider this as a " preferred 



claim " — to be kept constantly in mind and 
honored quite as promptly as bills for ordi- 
nary expenses or additional repairs. 

Yet, strange to say, one of the embarrass- 
ments that confronts the Board in its attempt 
to carry out the carefully matured plan of 
the Assembly for its Loan Fund is the dispo- 
sition of too many of the churches to whom 
loans have been made to take precisely the 
opposite view, and act as if every other 
creditor was to be shown a preference over 
the Board. 

A letter received the other day, in reply 
to a reminder that an installment upon a 
loan was due, simply stated, as if the answer 
would be entirely satisfactory: 

" We have been asking considerable of 
our members on our pastoral collections, 
and do not want to ask them now for money 
for the loan." 

Another church that for several years has 
made none of the promised payments writes 
reproachfully, begging that the Board will 
not disturb it by such uncomfortable ques- 
tions, and enumerates other debts that it is 
obliged to pay. 

The Board has no desire to press unduly 
any church that acknowledges its obliga- 
tions and is manifestly doing its best to 
meet them, but it would be untrue to the 
important trust committed to it, if it failed 
to insist that churches which have taken 
advantage of the Assembly's confidence 



46 



TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS — TRUE AS GOSPEL. 



[January, 



and liberality should, as they are able, 
acknowledge indebtedness and form wise 
and far-reaching plans to meet it. 

May it not be further said that even 
where appropriations have been received as 
gifts, there should be in after-years a remem- 
brance of help received and a desire, so soon 
as ability makes it possible, to return the 
sum received in the time of weakness that 
it may again be used for the benefit of an- 
other church in the struggles of its infancy? 

This would seem to be the most natural 
prompting of gratitude that recognized the 
help that had been so vital to its early 
development. Especially should this be 
true if it were remembered that the fund 
from which relief came was contributed by 
the thousands of small offerings of congrega- 
tions not more richly dowered than itself 
with material wealth. The fact is, that in 
this department the Board may be consid- 
ered as a Mutual Church Insurance Society, 
drawing its income from the small payments 
of the many to be redistributed for the sal- 
vation of the weak and struggling. It is a 
simple literal fact that if the congregations 
of our Church that in their infancy were 
aided by the Board were to return to it 
annually five per cent, of the amounts they 
had received, its income from church 
offerings would be immediately doubled. 

In view, then, of the fact that each year 
witnesses the organization of scores of new 
churches that pray for the same assistance 
given to their predecessors, and that the 
Board is far from able to meet the growing 
demand, is it much to ask, that both those 
congregations that have received loans and 
those that have obtained grants should place 
the Board in the position of A preferred 

CREDITOR. 

TO OUR COB RESPONDENTS. 

In view of the fact that the correspond- 
ing secretary receives and answers annually 
nearly four thousand letters, he ventures to 
call attention to certain ways in which his 
correspondents without trouble to them- 
selves can facilitate his work in replying to 
them. 

1. It is a convenience to have the head- 
ing include the name of the State as well as 
that of the town. 

A large percentage of the letters received 
omit the former. It is of course quite natural 



that one whose correspondence is mainly with- 
in the bounds of his own State should omit 
the abbreviation that indicates his common- 
wealth ; but its presence is a matter of some 
importance to him who receives the letter. 
The majority of post-office addresses are 
duplicated in other States, and there are 
some that are found in almost every State. 
There are no less than thirty Washing - 
tons, Lincolns, Unions, etc. 

2. If the letter is a reply to one received 
it establishes the connection to have the date 
of the former mentioned. 

3. If the subject concerns a place of an- 
other name, which is frequently the case, it 
saves time in the reply to have the name 
distinctly given. 

4. Proper names are often hard to read, 
and should be plainly written. This is 
especially true of the signature. It is a 
curious fact that often the most illegible 
word in a letter is the writer's name. Not 
infrequently it is necessary to hunt for the 
name in the index of the Minutes, and in 
the case of some laymen whose names do 
not there appear, we have at last been 
driven to cutting out the signature and 
attaching it to the back of the return 
envelope. 

Other points might be suggested, but if 
these four suggestions were heeded some of 
the minor trials of letter writing would be 
happily obviated. 

TRUE AS GOSPEL. 

Rev. W. S. Freas, president of the 
Board of Church Extension of the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Church, writes: " The work 
of church extension among us is regarded 
as equally important with home missions, 
and a necessary supplement to that work. 
What is the use of bringing congregations 
into existence unless we are prepared to 
house them ? We could at any time 
organize amongst us a hundred congrega- 
tions, but we could not provide them with 
houses of worship : so the work of propagat- 
ing the gospel waits on our ability to shelter 
the little communities that spring into 
existence of themselves." To all of this 
we say, Amen, and especially would we 
emphasize the following sentence: " What 
is the use of bringing congregations into 
existence unless we are prepared to house 
them?" — Business in Christianity. 



HOME MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

The Discovery of Gold. 

James W. Marshall, the man who dis- 
covered gold in California, was a mechanic 
who went from New Jersey to Oregon with 
Dr. Marcus Whitman. He drifted down 
into California and, while engaged in build- 
ing a mill for John A. Sutter, made the 
discovery in the stream by the mill site. 

Home flission Receipts. 

From our treasurer's statement, on an- 
other page, it will be seen that receipts are 
falling far below last year. When the 
General Assembly of 1896 so cordially 
approved and commended the Board's new 
departure in apportioning at the beginning 
of the year to presbyteries the amounts that 
might be depended upon for the year, it 
was confidently predicted by the secretarv 
who addressed the Assembly that if the 
receipts were normal, the debt which was 
then $300,000 would be paid in two years. 
The first year closed last April with the 
debt reduced to $147,000. There remain 
but three months of the current fiscal year 
in which to wipe out the remainder, less 
than half. The times are reported somewhat 
easier. Will not everybody do at least as 
well as last year ? Some, perhaps, cannot. 
Will not others who can, do a little better ? 
What an era of good feeling would dawn 
upon the Church if this could be done ? 

A Special Effort. 

The General Assembly recommended a 
special effort in behalf of Home Missions 
this year. Many presbyteries have already 
held special conventions with encouraging 
results.* Others are following their example. 

A Zealous Missionary. 

An interesting story comes from Arizona 
of a fruitful revival, the result of the simple 
preaching of a poor Mexican young man, 
Mr. Alexandro Villa. When this young 
man was a lad of seventeen, a poor igno- 
rant Roman Catholic, he was employed as a 
miner. One day he lighted two fuses, and, 
hearing an explosion, he supposed it was 



safe to venture in, but on entering the mine 
the second charge, which had been slow in 
igniting, exploded, tearing off a hand above 
the wrist, destroying an eye, and so disfigur- 
ing him that, seeing his mutilated face in a 
mirror, he attempted suicide. Failing in 
this, he came providentially under the influ- 
ence of our missionary, Rev. John G. 
Pritchard, now of Bisbee, Ariz. He 
became a Christian, went to our College of 
the Southwest, at Del Norte, Colo., and 
after two years' study and careful training 
under that godly preceptor, Rev. F. M. Gil- 
christ, he began to preach to his benighted 
and misguided countrymen. He drew crowds 
which grew from twenty-five to fifty — then 
to one hundred and five hundred. He was 
in danger from the infuriated priests, but 
under the protection of friends he escaped 
bodily harm. His preaching was so blessed 
at Sonora that he called for help. Mr. 
Pritchard responded, riding 125 miles 
horseback, and at considerable expense. 
He found a large company of persons who 
professed to be converted. After two weeks 
of careful instruction and training, Mr. 
Pritchard examined and received ninety 
adults and baptized a full hundred adults 
and infants. 

At Skagway and Dyea. 

Our Board in its straitened financial con- 
dition, being unable to send a missionary to 
Skagway and Dyea, Alaska, the Presby- 
terian Church of Canada have occupied that 
field. Their minister, Rev. Mr. Dickie, 
has begun a very encouraging work. 

Denominational Loyalty. 

In our neighborhood each man loves his 
own wife and children better than his neigh- 
bor's — not because they are better or prettier 
or brighter, but because they are his own. 
He spends his money on his own spouse 
and not on his neighbor's. That's why we 
have peace and good-will among us. 

There is a bit of philosophy in this which 
it would be well for Christians of all denom- 
inations to ponder. If each would be loyal 
in all his duties to his own Church, and 

47 



43 



NOTES. 



[January, 



thoughtfully kind and neighborly to others, 
there would be genuine confidence and 
mutual esteem among the churches. The 
millennium may not destroy separate church 
organizations nor erase denominational lines. 
It may make them more definite, more 
loving and more harmonious. They may 
remain, as F. W. Robertson in happy phrase 
expresses it, " distinct as the billows, yet 
one as the sea." 

Interdenominational Comity. 

It seems to be not generally known that 
under our interdenominational comity rules, 
churches of the Presbyterian, Congrega- 
tional, Reformed and Southern Presbyterian 
connections are grouped wherever possible 
under one pastor. For many years such 
grouping with the Southern Church has 
existed in Texas, Alabama and Florida. 
We have grouped with the Congregation- 
alists in Washington and elsewhere. 

Dr. Nelson's Resignation. 

By the terms of his resignation, Dr. Nel- 
son ceased to be editor of this magazine with 
its last issue. For eleven years his name 
has stood at the head of its columns. 
He has been its only editor. He and the 
magazine have seemed to be one and the 
same. Henry A. Nelson has been syn- 
onymous with Church at Home and 
Abroad. What will either name mean 
without the other to define it ? From that 
editorial watch-tower Dr. Nelson kept his 
eye steadily on the operations of the Church 
in all its agencies and benevolences at home 
and abroad. To him we have been accus- 
tomed to look with the inquiry, Watchman, 
ivhat of the night? And while in times of 
depression he has been compelled to testify 
to the fact that the night cometh, his faith 
has caught a glimpse of better things, and 
inspired the shout, " and likewise the morn- 
ing." What will the magazine do without 
him ? What shall we, the editorial corre- 
spondents, do, who have banked with unlim- 
ited confidence upon his patience ? 

We shall have to do without him, for he 
means what he says. If any man has a 
right to retire from official work, it is the 
master of that tireless pen which for more 
than half a century has served the cause of 
Christ and humanity, and still retains its 
freshness and vigor. 

D. J. McM. 



Synod of Iowa. 

The Synod of Iowa, at its recent session 
at Des Moines, adopted and sent down to 
its churches the following recommendations: 

1. That the churches be urged to con- 
tribute at least fifty cents per member 
through church collections to the Board of 
Home Missions. 

2. That every church be earnestly ex- 
horted to remember this cause with an offer- 
ing, so that there shall not be one non- 
contributing church to report next year. 

3. That each presbytery be recommended 
to stir the churches under its care to do their 
utmost for this cause, and that home mis- 
sionary conferences, home missionary pulpit 
exchanges, and other methods, be employed 
as may be deemed best. 

4. That the Sabbath-schools be requested 
to contribute to missions, that the children 
may be early trained to love and aid the 
cause. 

5. That the Young People's societies be 
urged to contribute to Home Missions, and 
forward such contributions to the presbyte- 
rial secretary and treasurer for young 
people's work, and in addition to contribute 
one cent per member for the dissemination 
of missionary information in Iowa. 

6. That the permanent committees of 
Home Missions and Sabbath-school Work 
be directed to hold joint meetings as fre- 
quently as practicable, for mutual counsel 
over the interests of the work committed 
to their care. 

7. That in view of the fact that our syn- 
odical superintendent, Rev. T. S. Bailey, 
D.D., has completed fifteen years of ser- 
vice, the gratitude of the synod be expressed 
to the gracious Lord who has given us a 
missionary superintendent wise in judgment, 
faithful in service, true and loving in char- 
acter. That the Rev. T. S. Bailey, D.D., 
be assured of the approval and confidence 
of Synod, and of its earnest desire and 
prayer that he may long be spared to carry 
on the work so successfully begun, and that 
he be chosen synodical superintendent of 
Home Missions for another year, and rec- 
ommended to the Board of Home Missions 
for reappointment, at the same salary as 
heretofore. 

8. That the synod express its approval of 
the plan of the Board of Home Missions, in 
increasing the presbyterial responsibility in 
the matter of administration of the Home 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



49 



Mission funds, and respectfully urges upon 
the Board the continuance of the plan, 
with such improvements as experience may 

suggest. 

A Thrilling Experience. 

Missionaries seldom give the details of 
their hardships. The unwritten history of 
many of them would be stranger than 
fiction. We have missionaries 175 miles 
from a physician of any kind, but the num- 
ber of miles give little idea of the real dis- 
tance when it lies over unscalable moun- 
tains, or through unsailed waters that are 
treacherous . The Rev. Alvin C. Austin, of 
Hoonah, Alaska, is so situated. He found it 
necessary to seek medical service for his 
family. He gives an account of his homeward 
voyage in a private letter which was not in- 
tended for publication, but which is worthy 
to be permanently preserved in The Chukch 
at Home and Abroad. It is not strange 
that after the memorable voyage so 
graphically described in the following 
letter, he should find on reaching home that 
he has " an ulcerated tooth and a touch of 
rheumatism for inseparable companions. ' ' 

I finished loading the Mayflower and left anchor- 
age about 3 P.M., but only got outside a little way 
when the wind all died out and I anchored just 
north of Point Sophia in the cove. It is very fair 
anchorage, except with north wind, and that was 
just what I got along about 2 A.M., and had to 
get out and travel. There was just enough wind 
to drive me out, and then it calmed down and left 
me "nowhere" as the sailors say. 

I worked hard all next day and anchored in 
Spasskaia harbor, which is only about seven miles 
from Point Sophia and a very poor anchorage. 

I had one anchor only, and was afraid to 
take any chances of being driven ashore. I was 
blown out again in the night, and headed across 
Icy Straits toward Canoe Pass, thinking possibly I 
might go through there at high tide if it were 
light enough. 

I finally abandoned the attempt and " beat" my 
way down to Point Couverdon, where we came so 
nearly going ashore last spring, and drifted for a 
half day in a dead calm with no chance for anchor- 
age. 

Next in order was a " southeaster, " which caught 
me with all my canvas up and sent me up Linn 
Canal at a rate which would have insured me first 
place in any yacht race. It did very well as long as 
the wind was steady, but a squall struck me, put a slit 



in the mainsail almost the whole length, another in 
the j ib about half the length and loosened the block 
on the peak halliard which went clear aloft and 
kinked there so it could not be moved to make sail. 
I was then about three- quarters of a mile south of 
Point Retreat and was obliged to run as near shore 
as I dared to and take the chance of finding any 
bottom until I could get my sails in better shape. 
Of course I knew there was no anchorage there, 
but it was the only chance, and just a possible 
chance, that the anchor might catch on a rock and 
hold long enough to give me time to work a little. 
I cast the lead until I got about ten fathoms and 
threw the anchor, my only hope, overboard. The 
waves were rolling up like mountains, and it seemed 
like a " forlorn hope" to expect a seventy-five pound 
anchor to hold fifteen tons, plunging and pulling 
like some wild beast trying to free itself. The 
next thing on the program was a trip up to the 
peak to get the block loose and back where it be- 
longed. To see a sailor go up the shrouds in calm 
weather and still water is very much like the In- 
dian watching the white man mow with a scythe : 
looks "mighty easy," but with the wind blowing a 
gale, and a boat rocking like a cork, it is quite a 
different thing. I went up, swinging and swaying 
from side to side and finally got the rope untangled, 
but when ready to go down I found the lower end 
of the halliard had caught on the rigging, which 
prevented my taking the block down. I went be- 
low, loosened the rope and started up again, but 
had not quite reached the cross-trees when an un- 
usually heavy sea whirled me around, twisting the 
shrouds together with my foot between them. It 
was some time before I could free myself from this 
position, and I was then too much exhausted to go 
further aloft. I had anchored at high tide, and as 
the tide went out I could see the rocks coming out 
of the water nearer and nearer to the boat. Had 
the wind shifted a trifle so that the vessel would 
have pulled straight toward shore, nothing 
could have saved her from being ground up on the 
rocks. While resting before making another at- 
tempt to go aloft, I did my resting with a cork 
jacket on, the first time in my life that I have ever 
had any occasion to put on a life preserver. It is 
quite a novel sensation. 

After a good rest I made a successful trip to the 
peak, and got a part of my mainsail so it could be 
used if my anchor gave away. That constantly ex- 
pected but long looked- for event took place about 
two o'clock Sunday morning, and I managed to get 
into Barlow Cove, where I anchored over Sunday. 
Monday was an uneventful and unprofitable day, 
in which I would gain some headway and then 
drift back and lose what I had gained. This pro- 



50 



NEBRASKA SYNODICAL MISSIONARY REPORT. 



[January , 



gram changed about 3 P.M., when a fair wind 
came down from the Klondyke or some other place 
in that direction, and carried me as far as Point 
Hilda, where I anchored. 

Left Hilda at 2 A.M. and arrived at Marmion 
Island at 7 A.M., where I anchored to wait for 
turn of tide and to get breakfast. 

Of course the wind that sprung up at that time 
was a head wind, and I had to beat into Juneau, 
which I did in four hours. 

There was quite a fleet of vessels at Juneau, laid 
up for the winter, and about the first thing they 
asked me where I was on Saturday when the south- 
easter was blowing. A sloop of that size, which 
needs a captain, first mate, two good deck hands, 
cabin boy and cook, is too much of an undertaking 
for one man in Alaska waters. 

When hanging " on the ragged edge of despair" 
off Point Ketreat, I promised myself that if I got 
to Juneau the Mayflower would be sold if I had to 
go home in a canoe or on a plank. I kept my 
word, but it was a part of the stipulations in sale of 
the boat that the purchaser was to man the boat 
and land me with my winter's supplies at Hoonah. 
The present owner of the Mayflower was a full 
week looking for a man to send over with me, but 
when the time came to sail it was a crew of men 
that came on board. 

There are only two kinds of craft fit to travel in 
on Alaskan waters : a large ocean steamer or a small 
canoe that can be picked up and carried high and 
dry above tide. Then you can pitch your tent and 
rest in peace until the weather suits you. That is 
the Indian way. One man here has a record of 
sixty miles in seven weeks. 



NEBRASKA SYNODICAL MISSION 
ARY REPORT, OCTOBER, 1897. 



GENERAL VIEW. 



The last twelve months have been marked 
with special favors by a kind Providence, 
both in material supplies and in spiritual 



The Lord has crowned the year with his 
goodness, so that our garners are filled with 
plenty, and the cattle on our thousand hills 
are well supplied with suitable provender. 
With good crops abounding in nearly all 
parts of the State, we have this additional 
cause for devout gratitude that the Holy 
Spirit has been manifesting his convincing 
and converting power in large measure 
during the year. He has followed the 
preaching of the gospel and applied it to 



the hearts of men, so that our Zion rejoices 
that a growing multitude comes up to her 
solemn feasts. 

Along all the lines of church work the 
entire year has been replete with earnest, 
active effort, so that the results in their 
completeness can neither be enumerated in 
detail, nor correctly measured. The record 
of what has been done, as well as what has 
been left undone, is already made on high, 
and it cannot be changed by any feelings of 
regret on account of our shortcomings. 

NO DE1THS TO BE RECORDED. 

For the first time during a period of 
twelve years, we come up to our annual 
gathering as a synod with no deaths to 
report among our ministers to cast a shadow 
over our deliberations. To a large extent 
the health of our active workers has been 
mercifully preserved, and the work has gone 
forward in all our presbyteries without inter- 
ruption. For this continued favor of our 
heavenly Father, we have special occasion 
for the most fervent gratitude. 

MINISTERS REMOVED. 

While none of our ministers have been 
called to their heavenly home, many of 
them have heard and yielded to the urgent 
calls to other fields of labor, so that they no 
longer mingle with us in our councils, or 
cooperate with us in our active endeavors. 
During the last year sixteen ministers have 
removed from our bounds. The Rev. E. 
W. Miles has discontinued his labors, and 
has asked his presbytery to allow him to 
demit the ministry. 

GAINS IN NEW MINISTERS. 

Nineteen new names have been added to 
our band of workers, either by ordination 
or removals from other synods. Five licen- 
tiates have been at work during almost the 
entire year, and are looking forward hope- 
fully to the time when they may be ordained 
to the full work of the ministry. 

STUDENT WORKERS. 

On account of the limited amount of 
money appropriated by the Board of Home 
Missions to our dependent fields, it has been 
necessary to employ students to supply 
many of our vacant and feeble churches. 

These young men have thrown their 
youthful energy into their work, and have 



1898.] 



NEBRASKA 8YN0DICAL MISSIONARY REPORT. 



51 



not only kept the feeble churches from actual 
spiritual starvation, but have done much in 
enlarging the membership, and in affording 
encouragment in aggressive Christian effort. 
Twenty- six students have been actively 
employed, either during a part or the whole 
of the past year. Some other student work- 
ers spent a portion of the year in active 
service who have either been ordained, or 
soon will be set apart to the full work of 
the ministry. These twenty-six young men 
are all candidates for the ministry, and 
are engaged in preparation for their chosen 
life work. In some of the presbyteries 
steps are being taken to prevent the stu- 
dents from engaging in active preaching 
work during the term while their time 
should be fully occupied in their college or 
seminary studies. In exceptional cases 
this rule may not be enforced, but each case 
must be decided on its own merits. Several 
students have already broken down from 
this excessive work, hence the demand for 
such presbyterial action as will prevent 
injury to health. 

NEW CHURCHES PLANTED. 

On account of the lack of funds to sup- 
port new work, we have pursued a conserva- 
tive policy in the planting of new churches, 
believing most decidedly that it is better to 
hold the ground already occupied, rather 
than push forward into new territory where 
the demand for missionary money would be 
greatly increased. Since our last annual 
meeting it has been deemed wise to plant 
five new churches. 

The organization of these churches be- 
came necessary as the result of revival 
meetings carried forward largely by our 
faithful Sabbath-school missionaries, whose 
self-denying efforts will be given in detail in 
another report. A petition has been pre- 
sented for another new organization in the 
Presbytery of Hastings, and a committee 
has been appointed to visit the field and 
make a report as to the desirability of grant- 
ing the request of the applicants. 

! SPECIAL EVANGELISTIC EFFORTS. 

During almost the entire year, in some 
part of our 3ynod, special evangelistic ser- 
vices have been in progress with evident 
marks of divine approval. Chief among 
the evangelists who have labored among us 
is Major J. H. Cole, who began his cam- 



paign last November, and continued his 
active efforts within the bounds of Hastings 
Presbytery till some time in September, 
when he was compelled to bring his work to 
a close for the present on account of his 
health, which began to fail under the pres- 
sure of continued exertion. Assisted by the 
Kev. W. F. Ringland, D.D., Major Cole 
carried forward this evangelistic campaign 
until the extreme Western part of the State 
was reached, and many churches were re- 
vived and greatly strengthened. Other 
successful evangelists have been in the field, 
among whom the Revs. J. C. Redding and 
Byron Beall are deserving of mention as 
having together visited several churches, 
and been the means of leading many souls 
into the Master's kingdom. Our pastors at 
large have contributed largely to the success 
of this evangelistic work which has been so 
helpful in imparting fresh courage to our 
feeble and vacant churches, and increasing 
their spiritual power and influence. With 
such a noble band of earnest evangelists 
uniting their efforts with our settled pastors, 
in the endeavor to win souls, we may confi- 
dently hope for a season of great spiritual 
refreshment during the coming winter. 

NEW CHURCH BUILDINGS. 

Our advancement along the line of new 
houses of worship has been somewhat hin- 
dered by the prevailing financial pressure, 
and the difficulty of securing the means for 
that purpose. In spite of this hindrance, 
we have made some encouraging advance in 
the erection of new buildings as well as in 
the removal of old indebtedness. The fol- 
lowing churches have had their new build- 
ings dedicated during the last twelve months, 
namely, Gordon ($2800), Randolph 
($1850) and Ashton, rebuilt ($630). At 
Florence a new building is in course of 
construction, and will be completed in the 
near future. In every advance along this 
line, we have received substantial aid from 
the Board of Church Erection, which 
should be well remembered in our offerings. 

CHURCHES REACHING SELF-SUPPORT. 

As the times begin to improve and the 
channels of trade are opening up, our 
churches are doing what they can to relieve 
the Home Mission Board of its burden. 
Four churches have reached the point when 
they no longer demand aid from the Mission 



52 



NEBRASKA SYNODICAL MISSIONARY REPORT. 



[January, 



treasury, namely: Holdrege, Columbus, 
Palmyra and Broken Bow. It is possible 
one or two other fields may take a similar 
position as soon as pastors can be secured. 
There is room for other churches to follow 
the example of the four already named, and 
it is hoped that they may do this soou. 

UNEQUAL APPORTIONMENT OP MISSION 
FUNDS BY THE BOARD. 

The new policy of the Home Mission 
Board in allotting to each of the presby- 
teries the several amounts they may expect 
to draw from the treasury during the current 
year has been in force for the last year and 
a half. The second and last apportionment 
is evidently so unequal that some adjust- 
ment is demanded. The attention of the 
secretaries of the Board has been called to 
this inequality, in the hope that they might 
see their way clear to modify their apportion- 
ment so as to render the amounts allowed 
each presbytery more in accord with the 
demands of the fields. In response to the 
communication, I have been advised to refer 
the matter to the synod for its consideration 
and satisfactory adjustment. 

THE HOME MISSION DEBT. 

Our missionaries have felt very keenly the 
burden of debt resting on the treasury, yet 
they have gone forward without a murmur, 
and have shown their willingness to help the 
Board in carrying the heavy burden. 

If the Church does as well during the 
present year as last, this debt will be en- 
tirely removed before the next General 
Assembly, and we can then push forward 
our aggressive work without being halted 
as we advance. That this end may be 
attained, it will be needful for every min- 
ister to present the cause of Home Missions 
in all its demands, so that the members of 
our congregations may be stirred to give 
more freely and more liberally than ever 
before. An offering from every church and 
something from every individual will do 
much in removing all indebtedness. 

COLLECTION OF FEED AND SEED NOTES. 

The effort to collect the notes given to the 
Board of Home Missions in the spring of 
1895 for feed and seed grain furnished by 
the Presbyterian Relief Association of 



Nebraska has been continued without inter- 
ruption throughout the year. A large 
number of notes have been fully paid, and 
they have been canceled and returned to the 
givers. Other notes have been paid only in 
part, and properly credited on the back of 
the same, and receipts promptly returned in 
each case. The whole amount collected 
since the notes were placed in my hands is 
$1980.91, of which sum $1534.74 is the 
amount accounted for in this report, includ- 
ing a balance of $74.66 on hand when the 
last annual report was made. The amount 
now on hand is $17.40, which will be sent 
forward to the treasurer at the close of the 
present month. The vouchers for this entire 
amount are herewith submitted, with an 
itemized statement of the receipts and the 
names of the persons who have made these 
payments. I desire that these accounts 
may be examined and audited by the Com- 
mittee on Finance. 

There remain still in my hands for collec- 
tion notes amounting to a little over $3000. 

PERSONAL WORK. 

With the exception of sixteen days spent 
in Colorado in the month of July, your 
synodical missionary has been at work, dur- 
ing the entire year, visiting vacant churches, 
holding congregational and sessional meet- 
ings, and doing all in his power to encour- 
age the people to press onward in their 
endeavors to promote spiritual development. 
He has held communion thirty-three 
times, has received into church fellowship 
sixty-three persons on confession of faith 
and twenty-seven by letter, and has bap- 
tized twenty-one adults and fifteen children. 
He has collected from churches and 
individuals, $84.74 for the Home Mission 
Board, which, added to the amount col- 
lected from the feed and seed notes, will 
make an aggregate of $1619.48. Never 
before have we had as much encouragement 
to push our work, with the confident assur- 
ance that the Holy Spirit is present, and 
will subdue all our spiritual enemies, and 
enable us to win a victory for the Lord of 
Hosts. 

Thomas L. Sexton, 

Synodical Missionary. 
Seward, Neb., Oct. 11, 1897. 



1898.] 



OUR COUNTRY. 



53 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work at Home. 



January — Our Country. 

(a) The Church in the development of our country. 

(b) The importance of Home Mission work in our 

land and its relation to the evangelization of 
the world. 

(c) Presbyterian work— and the work of other de- 

nominations on parallel lines. 



OUR COUNTRY. 

REV. ASA 8. FI8KE, D.D. 

" Behold the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee 
Go up and possess it." — Deut. 1 : 21. 



God hath given us this land in marvelous 
fashion. He hid it for ages, behind the 
curtaining waves and mists and tempests of 
inexplorable seas, from the elder world — the 
historic races — till their ancient theories 
were tried out to failure, and the new and 
sublime experiment was ready for the testing 
— a new chance and a new field for a new 
type of man. Till Martin Luther, at ten, 
was beginning to sing the robust songs of 
Germany, and the renaissance of learning 
was well under way, this new half- world was 
safe hid from mortal ken. Colonists even 
then were baffled, and settlers' intents hin- 
dered, till the sixteenth century reformation 
was well achieved — the shackles riven from 
the thought of mankind — the conscience 
freed from the tyranny of a dark age, and 
manhood had found its great revival — till a 
free Protestant faith was ready for the 
magnificent possibilities of a new age in a 
new world. For more than a century after 
discovery these scarce-visited shores re- 
sounded only with savage war-cries and the 
hoarse waves of the unsailed Atlantic. 
Providence waited till men and women, 
steeled in hardness, matchless in courage, of 
trained intelligence, sprung of the best 
blood of man and panoplied in the heroic 
passions of a pure faith, should be made 
ready, out of persecution and exile, to lay 
deep and forever the foundations of a Pro- 
testant Anglo-Saxon civilization and liberty. 
He drove them from their more southern 
purpose to the rock-bound shores and sterile 
soils of New England in stress of wintry 
tempests and laid so the foundations in faith 
and zeal, in unimaginable hardship, in 
prayer and in life-blood. From those 
foundations the structure of the new world 
proceeded under the rigid domination of the 
new Christian ideals. Individual character 



and social institutions and laws, whether in 
English Puritan New England or Dutch 
Calvinistic New Amsterdam, or Huguenot 
incoming to the South, grew to the same 
type, by the same structural force. Other 
accessions drawn in were assimilated to it 
—as the English churchmen in Virginia and 
elsewhere and the Roman Catholics of 
Maryland. In the main, it was the elective 
affinity of a Protestant Christian indepen- 
dency which built up the colonial character, 
constructed schools, commanded society, 
local government, and fixed the whole order 
of things. Every " sort and condition of 
man ' ' caught the free temper of the New 
World airs and was wrought by its impulses. 

So the good God gave us our land and 
settled for us the very types of being and 
life. That free and indomitable spirit 
fought out the colonial wars, pressed out- 
ward settlements, breathed in all the thrill- 
ing adventures of the colonial life. It 
blazed and endured through the long and 
desperate struggle of the Revolution, achiev- 
ing nationality. That same heaven-inspired 
spirit freed the Northern States from the 
incubus of slavery and established in honor 
free industry. It created the enterprises of 
manufactures and commerce. It pushed on 
into Western wildernesses, carrying every- 
where the torch of Christ's free worship and 
its civilization, creating so the same old type 
of faith and character over the broad areas 
which their coming dominated to the Mis- 
sissippi, nor yet lost itself in the vast 
unknown beyond. When the great strug- 
gle of the brothers came it still prevailed 
for the unity of the Republic, to ultimate 
joy and salvation of North and South alike. 
The mighty struggle was bound to come. 
Coming — passing — it vindicated the honesty 
and the heroism of each of the sections, 
true to its ideals and traditions, and has left 
us far more a homogeneous people, estab- 
lished in an everlasting unity of heart, 
thought, hope and passion than we could 
else have become. 

I have now but traced, in broad outline, 
the germ of our national life in its develop- 
ment under the constant guidance of the 
divine hand to its present magnificent estate. 
Our gratitude to God ought to dwell on and 
emphasize every step of this ongoing and 
upcoming of the republic — its huge increase 
in territory till it holds the immense central 
belt of the continent from the lakes to the 



54 



OUR COUNTRY. 



[January, 



gulf, acd from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
and peoples it with seventy millions of souls 
— the freest, the most energetic, the most 
enterprising, most prosperous, and, despite 
the calamity-howlers, the happiest people 
on earth. Aye, and, at this moment, the 
richest of all the empires of the world, the 
finest command of the great forces of the 
future, not only of North America, but of 
the vast continent south of us. It is no 
empty boasting, but under sense of an awful 
and enchanting responsibility, that I say, 
with finest outlook for moral, political and 
spiritual influence upon all the continents 
and all the ages of the future — for the 
kingdom of God and the reign of enfran- 
chised and glorified man, till the great con- 
summation shall blaze in, the " New Heaven 
and the New Earth wherein dwelleth 
righteousness!" All this, I say, in holy 
purpose to lay upon your souls and upon 
mine the most solemn weight of the heavi- 
est responsibility that ever lay upon a human 
heart for the discharge of our unspeakable 
— our almost inconceivable trust — a trust 
such as could not have been laid upon any 
other race, in any earlier age, or on any other 
continent. To us has been given, and so 
of us is required, as of no other. 

THE CHURCH IN THE DEVELOPMENT 
OF OUR COUNTRY. 

First of all, of us is required that we 
take and hold for Christ and his crown all, 
every inch, of this divine grant of territory ; 
every soul, every home, city, State of this 
mighty and exulting population. We are 
required to set his banners on every hill -top, 
in every valley, on every plain and prairie 
of this wide domain ; to marshal under his 
symbols of history and salvation, and to 
array in his service, all the vital forces of 
this young republic. 

Hold its territory ? Why, in the older 
States, long occupied for Christ, the very 
ground is slipping from under our Chris- 
tian feet! It must be recovered at all costs. 
Many of the grand old churches are fading 
out — churches that have done grand work 
and given us grandest men, in business, in 
finance, in the ministry, in the professions. 
Many sturdy old towns which sustained 
them are diminished in population, and 
what remains is often not of the old stock. 
The youth, vigor and ambition of their 
localities have been drained off to the ever^ 



fascinating west and the ever-alluring cities, 
where the few great prizes forever eclipse 
the awful average of failure. As the value 
of these rural lands has diminished, stran- 
gers of foreign habit, speech and faiths, or of 
no faiths, have come in and taken posses- 
sion, till the brave old church of the fathers 
has gone weak and been, alas too often, 
abandoned. Its cross-crowned spire has 
given place to another cross of a new and 
strange significance. All this, fellow-citi- 
zens and fellow-Christians, must end! If 
the population have grown scant, gone 
unreligious or to a perverted faith, why, 
then, just there is your mission field — there 
the greater need of the old church set back 
into place and power. 

Then we must run with the fastest and 
push with the farthest out from the old cen- 
tres into all new fields. The young, enter- 
prising, ambitious press out beyond the 
Mississippi at the rate of a State of Mary- 
land each year. Our and our neighbors' 
children - sons and daughters — are every- 
where in the great West. They go — their 
only fortunes in their high hopes, their 
stout arms and their brave hearts. Some 
of them go established in moral and Chris- 
tian character, many not so established. 
They go not in bodies, but scattered widely 
as the fields of opportunity. They go to 
lives encompassed by the hardships and 
privations of wild and sparsely settled 
regions. They are absorbed in the tremen- 
dous work of establishing the new hope and 
subduing the untaught land. They have 
neither time, money, strength nor surplus 
of zeal for setting up churches and establish- 
ing the gospel beside them. Without such 
establishment the Spirit dies out of hearts 
in which he used to reign, the careless grow 
unutterably unconcerned. The devil, the 
scoffer, the reckless, the saloon and the gam- 
bling-hell get fast hold ahead of Christ and 
his Church. Oh, I tell you, you, with your 
gospel, must get there quick — must go there 
strong — to save, for your country and for 
sound citizenship, these leaping nuclei of 
the great cities and imperial States, of the 
swift-coming and momentous to-morrow. 

Our second great responsibility, therefore, 
which may well enough be our first, is to 
see to it that the cross and its herald — the 
gospel and its Church — be planted in what- 
ever soil of all these new regions of our vast 
territory men come to till, 



1898.] 



OUR COUNTRY. 



55 



Death, sin and the devil go fast and far 
with every man. We with our Christ and 
his gospel messengers of grace must ride as 
fast and far as they, to every hamlet and 
every home! These broad square miles, 
these rude regions, to-morrow will be seats of 
empire, populous and sublime. To-day 
easily leavened — to-morrow past your saving 
power! There be eyes here that will 
read a census of 200,000,000 for the popu- 
lation of this republic, of which the great 
bulk and mass will be west of the Missis- 
sippi. Our centre of population is rushing 
Westward. It is close upon the banks of 
the Father of Waters to-day. All these 
regions and all this swelling tide of the 
people of this astounding future for the 
Christ, for righteousness! — for a citizenship 
worthy of the new world which is its own 
— of the new world which is coming, and 
which shall be Christ's! 

This, and nothing less, is our supreme 
responsibility, unhelped of any save the 
Spirit of our God upon us — that Spirit 
with purpose and with power! Lord God 
Almighty, give us that! 

But our problem becomes at once more 
difficult and impracticable, and more practi- 
cable, by the crowding of population into 
our great cities. In 1800 there were but 
six cities of more than 8000 inhabitants 
within our borders. There are now 500. 
One-fourth and more of our entire popula- 
tion is in them. From 1880 to 1890 our 
rural population increased but eight per 
cent. ; urban, fifty -seven per cent. Our 
vast immigration tends to lodge in the 
cities, 500,000 a year flooding upon us! 
Nearly one-third of our population is for- 
eign-born or of foreign parentage. Much 
of this is of desirable elements. Much of it 
is a standing threat to our institutions. 

Our great cities are, by majorities, of 
such origin. Cincinnati, sixty-two per 
cent. ; Cleveland, eighty- two per cent. ; Bos- 
ton, sixty-three per cent. ; New York, eighty 
per cent. ; Chicago, ninety -one per cent. ! 
The Protestant churches in these and other 
large cities are nowhere keeping pace with this 
multitudinous increase. In 1836, Chicago 
had a Protestant church to every 1040 peo- 
ple; in 1890, one to 3600. New York, in 
1840, had one to 2070; in 1890, one to 4006. 
In sections of these cities there is no such 
church to less than fifteen or twenty thousand 
people, and these sections are crowded with 



all the vices, depravities, poverties and 
miseries that darken to crime and despair 
the lives of men. This flood of incomers 
from all nations — of many tongues — of all 
faiths and no faiths, and anti-faiths — of all 
socialisms and anarchies, settle into our 
cities in great and distinct sections till there 
is a big German or Irish or Portuguese or 
Slavic city in the heart of each of them. 
They flood, too, over our cheapened 
Eastern lands, and all over the Western 
States and Territories. Of the two-thirds 
of our territory west of the Mississippi 
nearly sixty per cent, of the population is 
of foreign birth or parentage! The mem- 
bership of the evangelical churches of the 
United States by the last census was 
13,500,000; population, 63,000,000. One 
evangelical church member to each four 
and one-half inhabitants. But look West, 
which way the star of empire sweeps. In 
Oregon the proportion is found to be 1 to 11 ; 
Dakota, 1 to 12 ; Washington, 1 to 16; Cali- 
fornia and Colorado, 1 to 20; Idaho, 1 to 33 ; 
Montana, 1 to 36 ; Nevada, 1 to 46 ; Wyom- 
ing, 1 to 81 ; Utah, 1 to 224 ; New Mexico, 1 
to 695. Ah, there is work ahead that needs 
to be quickly done ! We have got to get 
command, for our safety and our Christ, of 
these cities, these immense regions, these 
teeming masses of men — our fellow-citizens 
— or we cease to be a Christian nation or a 
secure republic. Taking into account the 
differences of language, habit, race, the 
scattered sparseness of the West, the 
crowded swarms of the cities, the skeptical 
and scoffing attitude of multitudes, the 
vices that corrupt society and the tough- 
ness of the unrenewed heart — one quails 
before the immensity of the problem of the 
home missionary work. 

Yet it is not the American way to say 
" impossible " in the face of any thing that 
ought to be done. Nor is it the Christian 
way. What ought, can! To solve this 
problem, we have thirteen and a half mil- 
lions of evangelical church members, in 
immediate contact with all the throbbing 
life of the republic; and they are of the 
most sturdy, intelligent and influential. 
We, too, have the intellectual conviction 
and the moral and social sympathy of the 
great majority of our fellow-citizens. 

In the prosperous decade from 1880 to 1890 
the home mission work took on large pro- 
portions. New churches were rapidly organ- 



56 



OUR COUNTRY. 



[January, 



ized, not by the Board, but by the presby- 
teries on the field. In 1889, not less than 
239 new ones were so set up. The work of 
the Board was greatly extended of neces- 
sity for their care, though it never kept up 
with the demands of the presbyteries nor 
ventured so far as to keep pace with the 
recommendations of the General Assemblies. 
In 1893 the panic struck the country and 
the revenues of the Board. From 1893 to 
1894 its income fell off nearly 8200,000. 
The treasurer's report for 1896 shows a fall- 
ing off of $213,000 from the receipts of 
1893. Still the old high-tide work was on 
hand. As the pinch reached the weak 
churches, and they were able to do less for 
their own support, the perpetual cry was for 
larger aid, which, alas! could not be given. 
Cut, cut, cut! was the order of the weary 
days for three year3. $730,000 will not 
do the work of $930,000! It has been 
difficult for the Board to cut to its income, 
leaving its commissioned missionaries on the 
field to starve and freeze or fly and the 
churches to perish. So it has borrowed the 
money to pay their meagre salaries, ever 
expecting the gifts to its treasury to rise 
again to their old level. So the debt rose 
to $365,000, and fell to the $147,000 
which now confronts the Church, which 
retards our grand enterprise for Christ and 
native land, and covers us with shame. 

The debt was inevitable. It is not a debt 
of the Board, but of the Presbyterian 
Church. It must be paid ! Home mission 
revenues must be brought again to their old 
mark, and then carried far beyond it. 

If you look into the " Minutes" of last 
Assembly, you will find that our contribu- 
tions to home missions are there recorded 
as $1,042,768. The difference between 
that amount and $800,770, the actual 
receipts of the Board i. e., $241,898, shows 
the amount we have given to various phases 
of home mission work through other channels 
than our own Board — more than one-fourth 
of all our giving. This amount turned into 
its treasury would have cleared the debt 
and left us jubilant. 

Now let us figure a little. We number, 
as I have said, about a million members. 
If all the gifts to the Home Board were 
from members of the churches, which is 
far from the case, then the gifts to this 
holy work would be but an average of 
seventy-seven cents a year, one and one-half 



cents a week from each of us ! — Christians 
redeemed by the precious blood of Christ — 
each of us Christian patriots for the salvation 
to Christ of this great republic! Consider 
now. Among us are large givers — some of 
thousands a year, more of hundreds, more 
yet of fifties, more yet of tens and fives. 
What, then, is left for the annual gift of 
the rest ? Alack ! There must be throngs 
in our churches who contribute to this most 
precious and vital of all Christian enter- 
prises — nothing! Nothing to this work so 
essential to the security and glory of our 
republic, so vital to the kingdom and the 
crown of Christ, and to the present and the 
eternal weal of the multitudes of our fellow- 
men — the work which has, as matter of 
historic fact, builded almost all our churches 
East and West ; which has made civilized 
and Christian all the older States; which 
has, even this last hard year, given 1700 
years of the work of teacher and preacher 
to 2500 churches and Christian schools and 
added 8500 converts to Christ, ministering 
his grace to 3000 congregations that without 
it would have had no preaching, and to 
3000 Sabbath-schools, with 200.000 schol- 
ars, which holds up the banner of the cross 
where it is drooping in the older States; 
which carries it into the slums of the great 
cities; which lifts up the Christ for men 
among the mountains, over the prairies and 
through the mining regions, among all the 
villages and towns of the upspringing West. 
I say, with wonder and humiliation before 
God and the world, that there are multi- 
tudes of Presbyterian Church members who 
give absolutely nothing — habitually nothing 
— to this sublime and Christly work. I 
know whereof I speak. In one of the most 
generously contribuling churches of the 
whole denomination, with nearly 700 mem- 
bers, the treasurer used to count the pieces, 
pennies and all, and there were never on the 
plates, at any annual collection, one-half as 
many pieces, all told, as there were mem- 
bers on the church roll! We are mightily 
in debt — in debt to Christ and man! Our 
gifts this year are falling behind those of the 
last. The Board has been compelled to 
borrow to pay the arrears of its missionaries 
in the field to avert their winter's distress. 

About $600,000 must be raised between 
this date and the meeting of the Assembly 
in May if our portentous debt is not to be 
increased. 



1898.] 



MINNESOTA — CALIFORNIA. 



57 



I have said all this to lay this cause more 
strenuously, not on the hearts of some of 
you, for I know that it is borne there in 
grief and prayer and loving gift to the full 
measure even of personal sacrifice. But I do 
want to lay it heavily and forever on every 
heart that has not yet responded to it in 
that full measure. No one is too poor to 
lay some offering — some love gift — on this 
sacred altar. The widow's two mites 
brought her eternal fame at the lips of Jesus. 
Every gift in such work means a prayer 
with heart in it. The habit of the littles 
from those who can do but little builds 
Christian character, enlarges Christian 



graces and swells to grand volume the gifts 
of the Church to Christ and man. If 
every member of our Presbyterian Church 
should put in a box one cent a day the 
amountwould be beyond $3,000,000! Two 
cents a Sunday would be a million. A 
larger amount than the Church has ever 
given. Then to this the larger givers would 
add the majestic volume of their great sur- 
renders ; and those outside the churches would 
cast in their loyal gifts and the sweep of our 
great devotioD would swiftly evangelize this 
land and leap beyond all seas to illuminate 
and redeem the whole earth. Then Christ 
would take his crown! 



Letters, 



MINNESOTA. 

Rev. R. N. Adams, Minneapolis : — During the 
last quarter I have traveled most of the time, going 
from presbytery to presbytery, raising salaries, locat- 
ing ministers, etc. Just now we have more va- 
cant churches than it is usual for us to report. 
But with the seemingly indispensable services of our 
faithful pastor-at-large we manage to keep our 
hand upon the work and to hold these otherwise 
shepherdless churches in line. 

Some of our most discouraging fields hitherto 
are now showing signs of new life and hope. It 
seemed for many months that two or three of our 
large churches would go under the hammer, but so 
far as I now see the danger is past and our hitherto 
discouraged flocks are taking heart again. 

The recent meeting of synod was very stimulating 
and helpful. Dr. Niccolls was fully equal to him- 
self in his best days, and lifted our synod to a better 
and broader view of home missions than it was 
ever our privilege to obtain and enjoy. 

It is with a sad heart that I report the death of 
one of our pastors-at-large, Rev. G. G. Matheson, 
who died on Saturday, November 6, 1897, and 
leaves a wife and four helpless children. He was 
a faithful, consecrated and efficient toiler in the 
home mission field, and in the very prime of life has 
been called to his rest and reward. Upon whom 
his mantle is to fall I do not know, but his removal 
leaves Red River Presbytery in a state of deep sor- 
row and painful solicitude. We cannot maintain 
our position without some one to take up the work 
he has laid down. I hope the two Boards will con- 
tinue this joint employment of a man in that field. 
It has worked well under Mr. Matheson and I 
think the wisdom of the plan has fully commended 
itself to the entire presbytery. Even if the Home 



Mission Board has to pay a larger portion of the 
salary than before, it will still be economy to do so. 



Mr. Wm. Harmon, Bermidji: — We are sixty 
miles from the railroad and ours is the only church 
of any kind in Beltramie county. This county in 
which we now are was recently organized and our 
town Bermidji is the county seat. 

Our church was organized August 24, 1896, with 
eleven members — male five, female six. Our 
church building, which we have erected at great 
sacrifice, will soon be completed. We have now 
secured a stated supply in the person of Rev. Chas. 
Davidson, and are able to pay toward his support 
the sum of $2. 45 weekly. 

We have done our best and therefore ask your 
aid in the support of our pastor, $300 for the 
period of nine months, beginning June 15, 1897. 

This new town and county are filling up rapidly 
and we must have help to hold and work the field. 
Our pastor had to borrow money in order to get to 
our field and must refund it within six weeks. We 
believe that our prospects for a strong church in the 
near future are bright. 

(The needed aid has been secured for that church. ) 



CALIFORNIA. 

Rev. E. J. Gillespie, Tehama: — I have now 
six preaching places and am compelled to preach 
three times every Sabbath, alternate Sabbaths 
preaching at 11 A.M. and 7.30 P.M., at same 
point, and driving thirty miles for 3 P.M. service. 
I also preach four nights in the week during the 
month. There have been twenty- one additions to the 
churches, five by letter and sixteen on confession of 
faith ; also twenty baptisms, five infants and 
fifteen adults, since I began the work. 

The outlook for the next year is not good finan- 
cially at Olinda and Cloverdale, owing to another 



58 



IDAHO — NORTH CAROLINA. 



[January, 



failure of the fruit crop, but we are laboring and 
praying for good spiritual results. At Kirkwood 
it is even more gloomy. In addition to failure of 
fruit is the failure of a colony near by, and the re- 
moval of a large per cent, of the people. The 
prospect is some better at Vina than one year ago. 
The debt of $400 still stands against this property 
with no prospect of getting a title satisfactory to 
the Board of Church Erection. But I could cancel 
that debt of $400 for $150, if paid before January 
1, 1898, and have a property costing nearly $4000 
and now easily worth $2000 and have a clear field. 



Esther, this church at St. Anthony has "come to 
the kingdom for such a time as this." 



Key. W. H. Wieman, Orosi, Tulare county: — 
Those out of the churches have a peculiar notion 
about a minister. They think he is a kind of gen- 
teel professional beggar, always on the alert to get 
something for nothing. I am winning favor among 
this class. The method I have pursued is to ask 
no odds or favors from any of them, but to show 
them that I can and do work as hard as they. I 
can break their colts or drive their ' ' big teams, ' ' 
plow more and dig and pitch hay more than they. 
I then show them that I can do something else 
which most of them cannot do, i. e., I can be a 
Christian gentleman and preach them a sermon on 
Sunday. 

IDAHO. 

Dr. Wishard writes : — The church at St. 
Anthony was organized last September (1896) and 
is the only Presbyterian Church in the county of 
Fremont. This a large county, sixty miles by one 
hundred and twenty-five, with no other Christian 
church in the county except a small Methodist 
organization in this community, which has no 
house of worship. It has a membership of fifteen 
or twenty. 

The Presbyterian Church has received a dona- 
tion of four lots, sufficient for a church and 
parsonage, and has secured a subscription of nearly 
$900 for the purpose of building a church. The 
foundation has been laid, and the material is on the 
ground for the building, which will be completed 
as early as possible during the summer. There is 
a large Mormon population in this county, though 
St. Anthony is a non-Mormon town. It is the 
county seat of the county. The town is a little 
more than two years old and has a population of 
something over 200. Our church is the most 
promising organization that we have had in this 
synod. 

The county is filling up rapidly with Mormons. 
They are taking possession of the agricultural wealth 
of the county and its great watering privileges. It 
would seem^that in the providence of God, like 



Rev. L. W. Sibbet, Lapuai : — I am with a 
band of Nez Perces who have been on a missionary 
visit to the Shoshone Indians who are living on the 
Lemhi and Fort Hall Reserves. We are just start- 
ing back from this visit. We found the Shosbones 
very destitute of religious instruction and a large 
number of them anxious to know the better way ; 
but they have no one to teach them. They came 
about our camp by the dozen and would listen with 
the utmost attention while we spoke to them 
through interpreters. I had a very novel experi- 
ence. A couple of times I was not able to get a 
Shoshone who understood English. We have in 
our party a Nez Perce who understands Shoshone 
but who does not understand English ; so I had to 
talk to my Nez Perce interpreter, who in turn in- 
terpreted what I said to the Shoshone interpreter, 
so that my sermon was spoken in three different 
languages. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Rev. Dr. Thomas Lawrence, Asheville : — Out- 
side of our field it is difficult to realize all that the 
grand system of schools you have planted means to 
this part of the South. Could we only make our 
evangelistic work keep pace with our school work, 
we have reason to believe that no portion of our 
home mission field would make richer returns. 

The pupils who have come to us have returned 
to hundreds of mountain villages and hamlets, 
made brighter and better because brought in con- 
tact with the earnest, educated, refined Christian 
teachers you have sent into the field. The Presby- 
terian Church has thus become favorably known 
in many a community where a Presbyterian min- 
ister has never preached. 

Had we only the men and the means to follow 
our pupils into their homes and take advantage of 
the prestige which, returning, they have given to 
our Church in the home neighborhoods, we would 
make this mountain wilderness to bud and blossom 
as the rose. 

The Southern Church is energetically pushing her 
work in the region which our schools are occupy- 
ing ; she is reaping the harvest from the fields which 
we have sown. A minister of the Southern Church, 
in conversation with the writer, speaking of one of our 
primary schools, said : " It is a great advantage to 
our local church, creating a sentiment in favor of 
Presbyterianism." " I have just visited another 
community, to which a number of young women re- 
turned from the Normal and Collegiate Institute, 



1898.] 



SOUTH DAKOTA — NEVADA — OREGON — UTAH. 



59 



where a Presbyterian enterprise would meet with 
favor. The young women in question openly ex- 
pressed their preference for the Presbyterian 
Church. Some twenty-five of the citizens expressed 
a desire for the Presbyterian organization." 

The influence of our school work is leavening the 
whole region ; but for the past four or five years our 
church work has been almost standing still. Mr. 
Duncan and I will probably organize a church at 
Jupiter, some fourteen miles from Asheville. 

Miss Goodrich has moved farther back into the 
wilderness and has begun the erection of a teacher's 
home, with money in sight to build in addition a 
schoolhouse and chapel. 

We must have another man to follow up and sup- 
port her, and to preach at one or two other stations, 
where there are inviting openings. 

Dr. Duncan has just remarked to me, "The in- 
fluence exerted in favor of Presbyterianism by our 
schools was the procuring cause of the organization 
in this region of the new presbytery of the South- 
ern Presbyterian Church." We have reached a 
crisis in our work, where we must either push the 
evangelistic work or in the years to come have 
little tangible fruits from our grand system of 
schools. Our patrons in the North will in the end 
judge them by the good accomplished in the shape of 
organized churches and orthodox Presbyterian com- 
munities. 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

Rev. Pierre La Pointe, Greenwood: — Hill 
Presbyterian Church is an Indian congregation, and 
there is no town or village, or post-office or store, 
within the bounds of the congregation. Neither are 
there any white people living among us, and only a 
few of the young people can talk English. So al- 
though I understand a little English I could not 
preach in it, but neither could the people understand 
it if I did. So I preach the best I can in the Indian 
language and study the Bible with what helps I can 
get in Indian, and when I want more help I go to 
Yankton Agency and see Dr. Williamson. Most of 
the people within two or three miles are now Chris- 
tians, but they need a great deal of instruction and 
they have some wrong ideas yet, but they have im- 
proved a great deal since I came. I can remember 
when they were all heathen, and I am not very old 
yet. So the Lord has done great things for this 
people whereof we are glad . 



girl burnt to death in a prairie fire. There were 
eight in the family, in a little mud shanty of one 
room. It makes even the home missionary feel 
that he is rich. 



NEVADA. 



Rev. M. S. Riddle, Elko :— If we only had 
more missionaries we could take this country for 
Christ. Think of one minister with a parish eighty 
miles long and forty miles wide, with five organized 
churches and seven regular preaching places, and 
conducting services at each of the places from two 
to four times every month ! It is impossible for 
him to do justice to such a parish. I am worn out 
and feel sometimes that I would be glad to lie down 
in death and be at rest. But so long as there are 
such earnest appeals for the " word of life" from 
starving souls I am moved to go forward. 



Rev. R. A. Payson, Woonsocket : — People in 
the country, many of them too poor to buy coal, 
will have to burn straw. I attended on Tuesday, 
at a point ten miles distant, the funeral of a little 



OREGON. 

Rev. W. O. Forbes, Portland .-—Gradually the 
ministers are adjusting themselves to the new con- 
ditions. This has had a reflex influence in leading 
both the ministers and churches to cast themselves 
more and more upon the Lord. There has been a 
more manifest spirituality I think under these con- 
ditions and a greater willingness to spend and be 
spent and to suffer greater sacrifices in many ways 
in the Lord's work than was seen before. There 
is now not only a desire to meet the emergencies 
as they arise in our work, but a thorough study of 
methods for meeting them, so that I am persuaded 
that the well-digested plan of adjustment coming 
from the Board at this time will have the heartiest 
cooperation of the committees and the missionaries. 

There has no stroke of policy on the part of the 
Board led to such rigid economy on the part of 
Presbyterians as this ; and just as soon as there 
comes a permanent adjustment on this plan I be- 
lieve we shall see a forward movement in our work, 
hard times or no hard times. It has led to a system 
of grouping that nothing but necessity would sug- 
gest, and this lets money loose from some old 
churches to be used in the newer and more desti- 
tute places. 

UTAH. 

Rev. Josiah McClain, Salt Lake Oiiy:—We 
had a very interesting meeting of presbytery. Not 
so many present as we usually have at our spring 
meetings. Good honest work has been done in all 
of our fields. We received a contribution from 
every church and station in the presbytery for 
the Board of Home Missions, 



60 



LETTERS APPOINTMENTS. 



[January, 



At our last meeting of presbytery, in Richfield, 
we agreed to raise, if possible, for the Board of 
Home Missions, $1000. As the figures were re- 
ported to me the amount sent to the Board for the 
year foots up $919.65. If we count what we raised 



and paid to Mr. Leverett it would be $1219.61. 
We have gone beyond the amount apportioned to 
us both for home and foreign missions. But we 
are not satisfied. This year we expect to do much 
better. 



APPOINTMENTS. 



Fla. 



L. M. Stevens, Sorrento and Seneca, 

P. F. Brown, Bartow, 1st, " 

W. J. McKnight, Winter Haven, 1st, " 

G. W. Phelps, Crescent City, 1st, Cal. 

E. T. Lockard, Cayucosand Morro, " 
M. D. A. Steen, Woodbridge and Clements, " 
A. Robinson, Saratoga, Collins and Brush 

Creek, Wyo. 
J. E. Weir, Salida and Poncha Springs, 1st, Colo. 

W. Mayo, Rocky Ford, 1st, " 

F. W. Hawley, Synodical Missionary, O. T. 
D. N. Allen, Paul's Valley, Ark. 
W. Tanyan, Tallahassee and stations, In- 
dian, I. T. 

T. S. Bailey, Synodical Missionary, Iowa. 

C. F. Ensign, Pilot Grove and Arlington, " 
J. Riale, Grango Hall and Meadow Brook 

stations, ' ' 

S. Conybeare, Oelwein, 1st, " 

W. E. Ruston, Wilson's Grove, " 

J. E. Cummings, Dows, 1st, " 

S. B. Fleming, Synodical Missionary, Kans. 

F. E. McGillivray, Frankfort, " 

A. H. Parks, Pastor- at-Large, " 

J. C. Berger, Great Bend, " 

W. J. A. Wenn, Walnut, 1st, " 

F. E. Thompson, Wilson, 1st, " 

D. McDonald, Synodical Missionary, Ky. 
W. C. Clemens, Harlan, " 
W. H. Simmons, Corunna, 1st, Mich. 
W. Coulter, Yale and Brockway, " 
O. J. Roberts, Morrice, 1st, " 
J. P. Mills, Pastor-at- Large, " 
S. Todd, Lafayette, 2d, " 
J. M. Dallas, Calkinsville, 1st, " 
A. Danskin, West Bay City, Covenant, " 
A. B. Strong, Saginaw, Immanuel, u 
A. R. Gay, Saginaw — Washington Avenue, " 
R. N. Adams, Synodical Missionary, " 
J. Wilson, Duluth, Hazlewood Park, High- 
land and stations, Minn. 

F. J. Barackman, Sandstone, 1st, " 
M. S. Grimes, Montgomery and New Prague, 

1st, 

C. H. Gravenstein, Ebenezer, German, Iowa. 

S. H. Beaven, Minneapolis, Elim, Minn. 
C. Scanlon, Wheaton, Lakeside and Ash- 

baugh, 

A. C. Tychsen, St. Paul, Dano-Norwegian, " 

L. V. Nash, La Crescent, 1st, and Hokah, " 

T. J. May, Drexel, Sharon and Fairview, Mo. 

J. G. Knotter, Monett, Waldensian, " 

J. W. Shearer, St. Louis, Grace, " 

A. I. Goodfriend, White Sulphur Springs, Mont. 

G Edwards, Stanford and stations, " 

T. L. Sexton, Synodical Missionary, Neb. 

J. Schaedel, Hastings, 1st, German, " 

H. D. Crawford, Aurora, 1st, " 

S. F. Sharpless, Pastor-at- Large, . " 

R. M. Craig, Svnodical Missionary, Wis. 

H. P. Corser, Flagstaff, 1st, Ariz. 



W. Boyle, Raton, 1st, N.M. 

A. A. Guirre, Florence and vicinity, Span- 

ish, " 

G. N. Macdonald, Preble, 1st, N. Y. 

C. S. Dewing, Pastor- at-Large, 

H. McGilvray, Portland, 1st, Me. 

F. Carruthers, Taunton, 1st, Mass. 
H. P. Hamilton, Branchport, N. Y. 

B. J. Morgan, Circieville, " 

G. Bergen, Durham, 2d, and station, " 
V. Pisek, N. Y. City, Bohemian, " 

C. Doench, New York City, 2d, German, u 
W. B. McCallum, Morton, 1st, " 
J. B. White, Parma Centre, 1st, " 
T. H. Peutchell, Plessis, " 
S. Nelson, South Trenton, " 
F. A. Wales, Pound Ridge, Patterson Me- 
morial, ' ' 

T. K. Fisher, Hillsboro, 1st, N. D. 

I. G. Smith, Sanborn, 1st, Eckleson and Spirit- 
wood, " 

W. C. Hunter, Minot, Logan and Burling- 
ton, " 

T. J. Lamont, Portland, Forbes, Wash. 

E. J. Thompson, Pastor-at-Large, Oreg. 
L. J. Earhart, Pleasant Grove, Octorara and 

Marion, " 

H. P. Carson, Synodical Missionary, S. D. 

D. M. Butt, Britton 1st and Amherst, " 
W. Graham, Carmel, Minnesela, Vale and 

Hay Creek, " 

D. Renville, Crow Creek, Indian, 

A. T. Wolff, Sioux Falls, 1st, " 
C. A. Duncan, Synodical Missionary, Tenn. 

E. P. Searle, Piney Falls and Spring City, " 
J. W. C. Willoughby, New Decatur, West- 
minster. Ala. 

T. S. Day, Pearsall, 1st, Dilley and Cibolo, Tex. 

B. F. Stone, Menardville, Milburn and Lohn 

station, " 

F. W. Blohm, American Fork, Pleasant Grove 

and station, Utah. 

O. S. Wilson, Nephi, Huntington, " 

W. S. Smith, Caldwell, 1st, Ida. 

A. Adair, Pastor-at-Large, " 

J. Hines, Lapwai, 1st, Indian, " 

T. M. Gunn, Synodical Missionary, Wash. 

J. M. Pamment, Chehalis, Nisqually, Mud 

Bay and Puyallup, Indian, " 

W. A. Sample, Auburn White River, " 

R. Gow, Wellpinit and Spokane River, In- 
dian, ' ' 
T. C. Armstrong, Northport and stations, " 
J. E. Stewart, Loomis, 1st, " 
P. O. Williams, Bethel, Odanah and sta- 
tions, Wis. 

F. F. Barrett, Prairie du Sac, " 
H. A. Winter, Madison, St. Paul's, German, " 
F. Harvey, Waunakee and Middleton, " 
J. J. Simpson, Milwaukee, North, " 
J. H. Griffith, McGregor and nine stations, " 

C. Slack, So. Superior, " 



Young People's Christian Endeavor. 



A Kansas society reports that it has determined 
upon ' ' a cash missionary spirit. ' ' 

*** 

A millionaire confessed that he never got any 

real happiness out of his money until he began to 

do good with it. 

* 

Five minutes at each young people's meeting 

during 1898 devoted to the Shorter Catechism will 

be time well spent. 

* * 

The Sunday-school Committee would do well to 
read the hearty commendations, on pages 39, 40, 
of the " Twentieth -century Movement." 

* 

' ' Every member of our society to read at least 
one missionary book this year." This is suggested 
in the Weekly Endeavor News as a motto for young 
people's societies in Illinois. 
* 

Have you tried the book social? Invite your 
friends to come, each prepared to answer this ques- 
tion : What book have you most enjoyed reading 
during the past year, and why ? 

* 
No one can teach who has stopped learning, says 
Archbishop Temple. There is only one thing that 
will keep your teaching and preaching alive, and 
that is to be perpetually studying. 

*** 
The president of a large establishment for mak- 
ing steel rails, when asked the secret of his success- 
ful business, replied : ' ' Our only secret is this : we 
try to beat our last batch of rails." 

*** 
"There's the twenty-ninth chapter of the Acts 

of the Apostles," exclaimed an English bishop, 
when he read the marvelous story of John Wil- 
liams' missionary work in the Southern Pacific. 

"Raising funds," says a writer in the G. M. In- 
telligencer, is taking them from the lower level of 
every- day earning and expenditure, and placing 
them on the higher level of stewardship and self- 
denial and sacrifice. 

* 

"A little girl who goes to the mission school 
told me and I believed," said an elderly woman in 
Singapore, when asked how she became interested. 
She had announced that she knew about God and 
Christ and wished to receive baptism. 
*** 

Brodrafolkenval, "the brother-people's good," 

is said to be the motto of King Oscar of Sweden and 



Norway. This cultured prince of many accom- 
plishments, who is linguist, poet, writer, musician 
and orator, attempts to be true to his duties and re- 
sponsibilities as a ruler. 

*** 
The missionary extension department of the 
Illinois Christian Endeavor Union is awakening 
interest and zeal through a course of missionary ad- 
dresses, given wherever it is desired. The purpose 
is not to raise money, but to get people to listen, to 
think and to pray about missions. 

*** 
A speaker at the Gleaners' Union anniversary, 
pleading for a Bible study missionary meeting, said : 
" It is not surprising that our gleaners so often lack 
root and fall away, when we do so little to ground 
them thoroughly in the principles and basis of mis- 
sionary work as shown in the word of God." 

*** 
The late General Armstrong was accustomed to 
say that a work which requires no sacrifice does not 
count for much in fulfilling God's plan. But what 
is commonly called sacrifice is really the best 
natural use of one's self and one's resources, the 
best investment of one's time, strength and means. 

* * 

* 

The key to success in preparing for a missionary 
meeting, says the Student Volunteer, lies in these 
four things — time, brains, pains and prayer. 
Omit any one of these from your program of 
work and it will surely be a weak one ; make much 
of each element, and you will be surprised at the 
success attained. 

* 

The young people of the Second Presbyterian 
Church in Cleveland, Ohio, have no Christian En- 
deavor Society, but a Young People's Association. 
A meeting is held every Sunday evening in each 
month except the first, which is the regular time 
for the James Eells Missionary Society. A report 
of this society may be found in the "Presbyterian 
Endeavorer" columns. 

*** 

Mr. Robert E. Speer reports an excellent object 
lesson given by the missionaries in Seoul, who built 
a street in front of their premises in the most ap- 
proved way. The Koreans were not slow to see 
the advantages of a well-paved street, with deep 
gutters at the side, and now there are miles of such 
streets in Seoul, making it one of the cleanest and 
most attractive cities of that part of the world. 

61 



62 



YOUNG PEOPLE 1 8 CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



[January, 



A writer in the Home Mission Monthly believes 
that no study better repays hard, honest work 
than the study of missions in all its varied phases. 
To become conversant with the trend of missionary 
work is to become conversant with the trend of prog- 
ress in every direction, for there is no question, 
political, social, or economical, which does not 
affect the work of missions either favorably or un- 
favorably. 

*** 

The following is reported from Chicago in the De- 
cember Woman's Work for Woman: With quiet glad- 
ness the young president of a Christian Endeavor so- 
ciety laid a check upon the treasurer' s account book 
the other morning, saying, " It is my first month' s 
salary as a teacher in the high school. If I had 
received the appointment through an agency I 
would have had to pay half of this, and as I got it 
in answer to prayer I want to give it all." 

* 
From Illinois a missionary contest, similar to the 
old-time spelling match, is reported in Home Mis- 
sion Monthly. The chosen subject was announced 
a month before the contest, that each member of 
the Endeavor society might study as much as possi- 
ble. On the appointed evening leaders were 
chosen, the sides selected, and twenty-five questions 
were asked by the pastor. When one failed to an- 
swer he was dropped and the question given to the 
other side. Much enthusiasm was aroused among 
these young people, who believe that to be 
thoroughly interested we must know missions as we 
know arithmetic and algebra. 

* 
The Pacific Christian Endeavorer reports a Junior 
society in Oakland, in which five Seniors help the 
superintendent, each of them being at the head of 
a Junior committee. The leader of the missionary 
committee suggests ways of putting that com- 
mittee at work, confers with them, puts bits of in- 
formation into the hands of the chairman and trains 
her how to use them. The leader of the flower 
committee took her Juniors to call on an old 
colored woman, who on account of old age is unable 
to go out of doors. They brought her flowers, sang, 
read the Bible and prayed, and she said : " This 
meeting is one of the sunshiny days of my life." 

* 
Mr. Hamilton W. Mabie writes of Tennyson 
that ' ' his finest contribution to civilization was, 
not his poetry, but his life. There was no schism 
between the art and the artist ; the work discloses 
the man, and the man lives imperishable in the 
work." Tennyson himself believed that poetry 
should be the flower and fruit of a man's life, to 
be a worthy offering to the world. He once told 



a friend that his sense of the divine source of the 
gift of poetry made him feel as a priest who can 
never leave the sanctuary, and whose every word 
must be consecrated to the service of him who had 
touched his lips with the fire of heaven that he 
might speak in God's name to his age. 

* * 
* 

Mr. John K. Mott visited a college in Ceylon 
where he found a band of students so poor that six- 
teen of them occupied one room. Near the build- 
ing was a garden, in which they spent their spare 
time cultivating bananas. When Mr. Mott in- 
quired , " What do you do with the money ? " they 
took him to the shore and pointed to an island off 
in the sea. " Two years ago," they said, "we 
sent one of our graduates there. He started a 
school, and it has developed now into a church. 
We are going to send him to another island this 
year." They also said they had instructed their 
cook that every tenth handful of rice should be laid 
aside that they might sell it in order to have Christ 
preached a little more widely. 

* * 

■* 

We are reminded in the Congregationalist that the 
world has recently been thinking of the careers of 
four masterful men : Justice Field, who retires from 
the United States Supreme Court after long service ; 
Admiral Worden, who commanded the Monitor 
in the famous battle against the Merrimac in 
Hampton Eoads ; Charles A. Dana, whom Presi- 
dent Lincoln called the eyes of the Government 
during the war ; and George M. Pullman, who 
lightened the discomforts of night travel by the 
invention of the sleeping-car. It is worth re- 
membering that all these were born and brought 
up in country villages and had only the opportu- 
nities afforded early in the century by village 
schools. There is something to be said for the 
superior advantages of the city, but it has no 
monopoly in the production of strong men and 
women. The determining factor is not the loca- 
tion, but the strength or weakness of the heredity 
and the home, and there is less room in country 
than in city homes for the easy self-indulgence 
that kills strength in children. 
* 

Miss Belle M. Brain, author of that helpful little 
book, "Fuel for Missionary Fires," gives in the 
December Woman's Work for Woman some excel- 
lent practical suggestions to young people who 
want to organize for mission work and study. Of 
the monthly topics she says that a year' s study 
will give a broad and comprehensive knowledge 
of the whole problem of missions as well as adding 
much to one's store of general intelligence. Studies 



1898.] 



HOME MISSIONARY PICTURES. 



63 



in missionary history she would divide into four 
periods, as follows : 

1. Missions in the early Church, from Pentecost 
to the conversion of Constantine, A.D. 325. 

2. Mediaeval missions, from Constantine to the 
Reformation, A.D. 1517, with stories of how Eu- 
rope was evangelized. 

3. Early Protestant missions, from the Reforma- 
tion to Carey, 1792, with accounts of Moravian 
missions and of the pioneers to India, Greenland 
and our own North American Indians. 

4. The " Missionary Century," from Carey to 
the present day, with its records of almost miracu- 
lous events. 

* 

Mr. Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, a well-known rul- 
ing elder in New York, writing us of the advantages 
of Christian Endeavor, says : ' ' When I was a 
young Sunday-school teacher I longed for training 
such as our young people now enjoy. A few younsj 
men of our church organized ourselves into a band, 
so that we could gain confidence in speaking and 
praying. We had the spirit, but the thoughts 
seemed void of utterance. They called us the 
'stutterers' prayer meeting.' We had no Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society in those days." 

Referring to the pages in this magazine in which 
the work of Presbyterian young people is reported, 
he says : ' ' Presbyterian Endeavorers strikes me 
very forcibly. I am thoroughly a denomina- 
tionalist and believe in using and developing the 
latent force of our young Presbyterians. Why can 
we not have our own delegated Christian Endeavor 
congress each year? Thesynodical missionary con- 
gress, at first considered impracticable, is now an 
assured success. Let Presbyterian Endeavor be 
agitated so that we as a Church can through our 
young Christians utilize our tremendous force in the 
advancement of Christ's kingdom. Let us have 
our own society without organic relations with other 
denominations. As a result we shall have a large 
force ready for Sunday-school teachers and church 
officers and workers. We shall have a more loyal 
membership among our one million Sunday-school 
scholars." ^ 

*** 

The interest and value of a prayer meeting, says 
the Baptist Union, are sometimes gauged by the 
number of those who openly take part in prayer or 
testimony. Thare is a call for " sentence prayers," 
and "minute gems," and "half-minute testi- 
monies. ' ' The report is made that thirty or forty 
took part in a given number of minutes. The 
meeting is declared a success, and held up as a 



model. The test is an arbitrary and inadequate 
one. There are other elements to be taken into ac- 
count than the mere number of participants. Forty 
may speak and say little. Testimony may lose 
power by monotonous repetition. It is well to 
guard against excessive length. That which is the 
privilege and duty of the many ought not to be 
monopolized by the few. Yet it were better that a 
few speak to profit than that many should merely 
fill up the moments. Many a meeting that is called 
"lively" contributes little to the enrichment of 
Christian thought or the development of Christian 
character. The words spoken are not charged with 
thought or vital with present experience. There is 
no excuse for this. The word of God presents varied 
and boundless themes of thought. Life, if it be 
lived aright, brings with it every day fresh verifica- 
tions of that word, fresh experiences of its power, 
and fresh disclosures of the grace and love of God. 



HOME MISSIONARY PICTURES. 

The pioneer work of a home missionary is not 
simply that of laying foundations, but is often, 
as well, that of beating back the strong tide of 
evil that surges into the new regions of our coun- 
try and of moulding a new community aright, 
along the lines of Christian living. It was after 
thirteen years of this kind of arduous work in the 




Just Landed. 



64 



HOME MISSIONARY PICTURES. 



[January, 




Strange People in Our Land. JJ ":fT^ 

Rocky mountains — during which time he had 
built four new churches, which have since ex- 
panded into seven— that the Rev. D. E. Finks was 
suddenly threatened with complete loss of vision, 
as a result of the continued strain of labor, and 
was obliged, in order to save his sight, to come to 
New York, placing himself under the care of that 
famous oculist and good Presbyterian, Dr. Corne- 
lius Agnew. After some years of enforced idle- 
ness, with sight partially restored, the plan was 
suggested that he utilize those early experiences 
to the advancement of the cause, especially of the 
work of the Board of Home Missions and the 
Woman's Board. This being heartily approved, 
Mr. Finks was among the first, six years ago, to 
use the stereopticon in illustrating the subject of 
home missions. During these years he has de- 
livered nearly one thousand lectures, speaking in 
many of the largest cities and most prominent 
churches in our land. 

Much of the success which has attended the 
lectures is undoubtedly due to the fact that Mr. 
Finks speaks, not out of books, nor from hearsay, 
but from a varied personal knowledge, using 
neither borrowed slides nor borrowed experience ; 
but into the scenes he pictures, illustrated with 
views which he has himself taken, he puts the 
life of a real home missionary that he has him- 
self lived, and a fervor that comes only from 
actual contact with the work and the workers. 
In this way he answers that puzzling question, 
How can we interest the indifferent? Pictures 
are easier to read than the printed page. Many 



volumes cannot portray, as do these views, the 
darkness yet lingering in this land of light and 
the dangers that threaten us. 

The force of logic and circumstance is often 
eloquently employed to set forth the importance 
of home mission work. But if with the spoken 
word there can, at the same time, be placed before 
the eye of the hearer the actual scenes, the 
country, the people, the strange rites of strange 
races in our land, a more lasting impression is 
made on the mind, while the listener is at the 
same time put in closer touch with needy human- 
ity. To look upon these characteristic and artistic 
slides, which form in themselves a most unique 
collection, and to hear the facts portrayed, is to 
see this truth verified. The lectures are well 
adapted to interest all classes, whether young or 
old, and have served to swell the offerings of mis- 
sionary societies, of bands, of Christian Endeavor 
societies, as well as of churches. The titles of 
these lectures are "Alaska, the Great Land," 
"Strange People in our Land," "Picturesque 
Home Missions," "Mountaineers in the South." 

The Woman's Board, or the Board of Home 
Missions, 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, under 
whose auspices Mr. Finks gives his lectures, will 
be glad to answer further inquiries. 




Ford at Bend of the Ivy, N. C. 



1898.] 



GOD ON THE ROCK. 



65 




From "On the Indian Trai?r Copyright, 1807, bv Fleming H. Revell Company 

God on the Rock. 



GOD ON THE ROCK. 

An interesting chapter in Mr. Young's recent 
book tells how the Rev. James Evans, having in- 
vented the syllabic characters, begged from the fur- 
traders a few sheets of the lead that lines the 
interior of tea chests, and melted them into suitable 
pieces, out of which he carved his first type. Then, 
with ink manufactured out of the soot from his 
chimney and sturgeon oil, he printed on birch bark 
portions of the Scriptures in the language of the 
Cree Indians. In due time the Bible was printed 
in this syllabic character. 

One day Mr. Young said to a company of In- 
dians : " Would you not like to read this Book for 
yourselves ?' ' A chorus of hearty affirmative an- 
swers was the quick response. So they gathered 
about a huge rock that towered up like a house, 
one side of it being as smooth as a wall. This 
formed an admirable substitute for a blackboard. 
Burnt sticks from the camp-fire were used instead 
of chalk. Then began the work of memorizing the 
characters, old men of eighty and children of eight 
vying with one another to see who could master 
them most quickly. When the interest began to 
flag the characters were combined into words. 
First simple words were formed, such as pa-pa and 



ma-ma (the two that appear on the rock nearest the 
head of the missionary). But the climax came 
when the word Maneto was written, meaning God, 
or Great Spirit (the word of three characters at the 
extreme left). They could hardly believe their 
own eyes, that before them was Maneto, the Great 
Spirit, whom they had heard in the thunder and 
the storm, about whom, with reverence and awe, 
they had talked in their wigwams and at their 
camp-fires. Here, made by a burnt stick, visible 
to their eyes, was that name— God on the Rock. It 
was a revelation that thrilled them. One would 
say reverently to another : " Is it Maneto to you ?" 

There was no more inattention as the missionary 
wrote "God is love," "God loves you," and 
other short sentences full of gospel truth. Then a 
number of Bibles were passed around, they opened 
to the first chapter of Genesis, and it was not long 
before some were able to read in their own lan- 
guage : Mawache nistum Kaesamaneto keoosetou 
Kesik Mena Askee (in the beginning God created 
the heaven and the earth). 

" On the Indian Trail" contains many incidents 
of deep interest which may be effectively used in 
the missionary meeting. The book is sure to have 
a wide reading. 



(>6 



GLORIOUS 1EARS BOULDER CHURCH — A SUGGESTIVE PROGRAM. [January 



THE GLORIOUS YEARS 

EMILY J. BRYANT. 

Swiftly down the ages, O glorious years, 
From chaos until silence reappears, 
Ye pulsate ever on with hopes aud fears. 
O, golden stream of time, 
With voice aud breath sublime, 
Life's work lies 'neath thy chime. 

Flow on, flow on, glorious years of grace, 
Which mark the length'ning cycles of our race, 
From out God's treasury flow on apace : 
Unnumbered as the sands 
Where ocean laves the land, 
Or stars that night commands. 

Flow on, eternal years, your power maintain ; 
Fair Youth and hoary Age confess your reign. 
And Wisdom garners up her golden grain : 

Years for high achieving, 

Years for large receiving, 

Years for true believing. 




THE BOULDER CHURCH. 

On a farm two and one-half miles from Water- 
loo, la., was an old gray glacier boulder, thirty 
feet long, twenty feet thick and twenty- eight 
feet high. The owners of the farm presented it 
to the Presbyterian Church of Waterloo. Giant 
powder was used for blasting, the slabs were 
worked up into building stone, and a house of 
worship, 90x60 feet, of which a cut is here given, 
was erected in 1891, using no other stone except a 
few colored boulders that were worked in for 
variety. It is estimated that the great boulder 
weighed 5,124,000 pounds, and contained three 
hundred solid cords of stone. Its lower surface 
was found to be as smooth as a table and to 
contain parallel grooves, a clear indication of the 
method by which it was once transported to its 
present location. Enough of it remains to build 
a manse. 

Relating these facts, the pastor of the church 
adds: "One may let his imagination go much 
farther regarding this old rock, brought here by 
the ice many centuries ago. It was brought by a 



power so gigantic as to dislodge it from its native 
mountain somewhere in British Columbia, and at 
last deposit it here, to await the pious conception 
of a church building committee to convert it into 
a temple of worship to Almighty God, who, ac- 
cording to our Presbyterian theology, had us in 
mind all the time, and ordained and decreed that 
all these things should be." 



A SUGGESTIVE PROGRAM. 
In the Woman's Missionary Society of the Pres- 
byterian Church in Lake Forrest, 111., the topics 
are assigned to different members at the beginning 
of each year of work. Then it is the aim of each 
leader to get as many as possible interested in the 
work by giving them something to do. The leader 
of the September meeting, in 1896, called to her 
aid a number of the young ladies of the church, 
and the result was a number of bright and thought- 
ful papers which made the meeting one of very 
deep interest. Mrs. A. B. Hewitt, Secretary of 
the society, has kindly furnished us a copy of the 
program, with an outline of the papers read. 
Devotional Service. 
Paper on "Missionary Effort." 

Review of the Magazines of the month, such as Church 
at Home and Abroad, Missionary Review, Woman's 
Work for Woman, with selections from articles on 
Japan. 
Vocal Duet. 

Book Review ; Lafcadio Hearn's " Kokoro."— Said the 
writer of this paper : Mr. Hearn has placed himself 
close to the heart of Japan, and with his peculiar 
qualities of sympathy and insight and his avowed 
admiration for things Japanese, is unusually com- 
petent to present to us "Kokoro" or the heart of 
Japan. In closing she added : Scattered throug ^ 
the volume are little sketches of Japanese incident 
an I description as dainty and graceful as the 
shadows of the beautiful peach trees in the Japanese 
gardens. 
Book Review; "An American Missionary in Japan."— 
This book was written to show how missionaries 
prepare for their work and carry it on to success. 
The writer, Rev. M. L. Gordon, M.D., has seen the 
religion of Christ approach the minds and hearts 
and lives of the Japanese people, and their noble 
response to this divine and gracious approach. He 
tells us what we want to know— facts. He makes us 
feel that the Christian work already done is appre- 
ciated by the Japanese, and encourages sympathetic 
friends in home countries by showing his faith in 
what can and will be done. 

Vocal Solo. 

Book Review; Kanzo Uchimura's "Diary of a Japanese 
Convent."— A few years ago, said the writer of this 
review, we were all charmed and interested by the 
published record of the life of Joseph Hardy 
Neesima. During the past year another little book 
has been given to English readers, telling, as Neesima 
does, the experience of a recent convert to Chris- 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY NEWS BY TELEPHONE. 



67 



tianity. It comes entirely from the pen of the con- 
vert, Kanzo Uchimura himself, written in his own 
country. Neesima was a seeker after truth, who, as 
a young man, left his native land to seek the coun- 
try where he hoped to find the truth and light 
which should lead him and his people to better 
things. His development as a Christian took place 
in a Christian land and under the influence of 
foreign Christian friends. The Japanese convert of 
this other story tells of how Christianity came to 
him in the midst of heathenism, and of the gradual 
growth of his own soul " from seed to a full-eared 
corn." This growth went on among his own 
schoolmates and friends, in his own country, until 
when he finally enters Christendom it is as a man of 
deep and thoughtful Christianity. 



cially interested. The leader had been ''working 
it up" for three weeks, so we had the latest news 
from our mission fields. Behind two screens, near 
the phone, were the young people who represented 
the General Assembly, Miss Thiede of India, and 
others, and these in turn gave their information 
when called up. 

This telephone idea might be utilized next 
month by those who study the "Boards of the 
Church ' ' in the Christian Training Course, to 
bring out clearly the working of our Church 
through the General Assembly and the Boards. 



MISSIONARY NEWS BY TELEPHONE. 
The leader of a mission band in the Fourth 
Church, Trenton, N. J., reports the program of 
a missionary fair, in which the young people tak- 
ing part were as much interested as those who lis- 
tened. She says : ' ' Central ' ' gladly loaned us a 
long-distance telephone, which was adjusted in our 
room and operated by one of the oldest girls. The 
General Assembly was first called up, and replied 
by directing her to call up the different Boards of 
our Church to get information about the present 
condition of the work. Finally she got telephone 
responses from the missionaries of the Board and 
from those in whom the Fourth Church is espe- 



The Synod of Ohio appointed a special commit- 
tee to prepare suggestive programmes for presby- 
terial young people's conventions, embracing the 
history, doctrine, polity and work of the Presby- 
terian Church. The committee will report at the 
next meeting of Synod. 



The young people of the Presbytery of San 
Francisco are enjoying a course of lectures, some 
of which are in the line of study marked out by the 
Christian Training Course, e. g., "John Calvin 
and the Swiss Reformation," "John Knox and 
the Scottish Reformation," "The Old Manuscripts 
and the New Bible." 




John Knox. 



68 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE. 



[January, 




Thomas Chalmers. 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE. 

For Young People's Societies and Other Church Organizations. 

[Prepared by the Rev. Hugh B. MacCauley and the Rev. Albert B. Robinson, and approved by General Assembly, May, 
1896 and 1897. See Outline C, with Helpful Hints, in the September, 1897, number of The Church at Home and Abroad, 
pp. 222, 223.] 



Do not hesitate to begin with the January work. 
Condensed summaries of the required readings for 
the first four months may be given by the leaders 
at the introductory meeting. Or, perhaps, the 
pastor will give one or two Sunday evening lec- 
tures on the Biblical and Historical. 

The pictures of Knox and Chalmers are from 
the Rev. Marcus Scott's " Presbyterianism : Its 
Nature, Struggles and Successes." The book will 
prove helpful as supplemental reading. 

Preparation for the February meeting should be 
made at once. One topic is ' ' The Boards of the 
Church." Write each Board for its recent leaflets. 
( " Officers and Agencies," at the end of this num- 
ber, gives the address of each. ) Carry out the sug- 
gestion made by Miss Jones on page 412, Novem- 
ber issue. Divide the society into eight groups, each 
of which shall prepare a condensed, attractive report 
of the purpose and work of one Board. By all 



means make enlarged copies of the seals on the 
cover of this magazine (see article in August, 
1897), and explain the symbolism. This work 
will abundantly repay the research it requires. 

The Rev. Hugh B. MacCauley, of Freehold, 
N. J., is preaching a series of sermons, one each 
month, on " Brilliant Pages in Presbyterian His- 
tory," following the historical outline recommended 
by The Church at Home and Abroad. The 
first of the series was on " John Calvin, the Re- 
storer of Presbyterianism and the Advocate of 
Popular Rights." Among the great principles of 
Calvin's teaching the following were mentioned : 
(1) In the government of the commonwealth it 
pays to do right and enforce the law ; (2) the sov- 
ereignty of God ; (3) the equality of men ; (4) 
government of the church by the people (not by 
priests) and presbyters only ; (5) separation of 
Church and the State ; (6) appeal to Holy Writ as 
the only standard. 



1898.] 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE PROGRAMS. 



69 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE PROGRAMS. 



Outline C. Program No. 7, January, 1898. 

I. Biblical — SO Minutes. 

1. Hymn. Biblical Leader in charge. 

2. Prayer. 

3. Biblical Study. Bible Writers and Contents. Study 
VI— The New Testament. 1. How and When One Book ? 

Required reading. Rev. Dr. Rice's Our Sixty-six Sacred 
Books, pp. 62-70 ; Questions, p. 147. We now begin studies 
of the very highest importance : the New Testament and the 
Old. 

1. The Book a Growth, p. 62. 

2. The Result of a General .Agreement, p. 62. The line 
drawn in the fourth century. What caused it? 

3. A Testing Process, pp. 63, 64. (1) The Early Test. 
The books doubted. When was the New Testament finally 
"closed"? Ans., p. 63. (2) The Reformation Test. 
Luther's doubts, etc. The Protestant position as to " author- 
ity," p. 63. Opinions of Luther and Calvin on this. What is 
the threefold test of a book's right to stand? What creeds 
agree on that? Ans., p. 64. (3) The Modern Test, p. 64. 
Here give a brief summary of the utter defeat of modern hos- 
tile criticism. 

4. The Process of Formation, pp. 64-68. (1) In the West- 
ern Church, what did Councils and Fathers say ? The Epis- 
tle to the Hebrews? Whose studies led to its acceptance? 
Ans., p. 65. (2) In the Eastern Church. Meaning of " ho- 
molegomena" and " antilegomena?" Eusebius' list. 
Ans. p. 66. (3) Early catalogues of New Testament Books, 
p. 66. The list of Augustine, Athanasius, Jerome, etc. 
Could the New Testament be reproduced from the quota- 
tions of the Fathers ? 

5. Collecting the Sacred Writings, pp. 67-70. (1) In the 
Early Church, p. 67. Internal evidence. Concessions of 
hostile critics. At least twenty books fully accepted by 170 
A.I). (2) Completion of the New Testament, p. 68. Coun- 
cil of Carthage, 397 A.D. (3) Attested by Spirit and 
Church, pp. 67-70. So important is this subject that, if 
necessary, the time at this meeting should be lengthened. 

III. Historical— SO Minutes. 

4. Hymn. Historical Leader in charge. 

5. Historical Study. Presbyterian History. Study 
IV— The Presbyterian Church in Scotland. Established, 
United, Free. 

Required reading. Rev. J. N. Ogilvie's The Presbyterian 
Churches, pp. 68-84. 

Part I. The Church of Scotland, Established, pp. 68-80. 

1. The Church of Knox, pp. 68, 69. The first General As- 
sembly in 1560. John Knox ; his character and work. His 
creed, constitution and science. 2. The Church of Mel- 
ville, p. 70. The danger to Presbyterianism. Andrew Mel- 
ville as a Deliverer. " Divine right" of Presbytery. 3. 
The Century of Struggle — Presbytery versus Episcopacy, 
1584-1688, pp. 71-73. The cruel Stuarts. Jenny Geddes and 
the uproar in St. Giles' Cathedral. The Solemn League 
and Covenant (1643). Restoration of Episcopacy (1660). 
Bloody persecution and heroic Presbyterians. William of 
Orange (1688). 4. Divisions within the Church, p. 74. 
Lay patronage. 5. Moderatism and Revival, p. 75. 6. The 
Disruption of 1843, p. 77. 7. Recent Progress, pp. 78, 79. 

Part II. The United Presbyterian Church, pp. 80, 81. 

1. Origin of the Church, p. 80. 2. Special Features, p. 81. 
(1) Voluntaryism, (2) Partial distribution of membership, 
(3) Missionary zeal. 

Part III. The Free Church of Scotland, pp. 82-84. 

1. Perfecting her Equipment. After the Disruption, p. 



82. 2. Notable Features, p. 83 ; (1) Voluntaryism, (2) Uni- 
form distribution of membership, (3) Literary activity. 

A wonderful history indeed of this Mother Church of Pres- 
byterianism .' How great the debt of America and the Amer- 
ican Presbyterian Church to those early heroes fighting for 
liberty of conscience and popular government ! For more 
detailed study see Rev. Dr. Muir's Church of Scotland. 

6. Prayer. 

7. Hymn. 

Outline C. Program No. 8, January, 1898. 
/. Opening — 10 Minutes. 

1. Hymn. The Pastor in charge. 

2. Prayer. 

3. Doctrinal Study. Shorter Catechism. 

Ques. 53. Which is the third commandment? Give an- 
swer in unison. Ex. 20 : 7. 

Ques. 54. What is required in the third commandment ? 
Let one answer. Proof? Ps. 29 : 2 ; Rev. 15 : 3, 4 ; Ecc. 5 : 
1 ; Ps. 138 : 2 ; Ps. 104 : 24. 

Ques. 55. What is forbidden in the third commandment ? 
Let a second answer. Proof? Lev. 19 : 12 ; Matt. 5 : 34, 
35. 

Ques. 56. What is the reason annexed to the third com- 
mandment? Let a third answer. Proof? Deut. 28 : 59. 

II. Biblical— 30 Minutes. 

4. Hymn. Biblical Leader in charge. 

5. Biblical Study. Bible Writers and Contents, Study 
VII— 1. The New Testament. 2. Writers and Composition 

Required reading. Rev. Dr. Rice's Our Sixty-six Sacred 
Books, pp. 71-80. Questions, pp. 148, 149. 

1. Variety in writing, p. 71. A striking fact. 

2. Date of the Books, p. 72. 

3. Writers of the Books, p. 73. In eighteen the writers 
are named. 

4. The Gospels and the Acts, pp. 73-75. (1) Matthew, 
was it in Hebrew and in Greek? Ans., p. 73. (2) Mark. 
(3) Luke p. 74. (4) John. Why so attacked? Shallow 
reasoning. Parallel of Pilgrim's Progress. Ans., p. 75. 

5. Pauline Epistles, p. 76. The Hebrews. 

6. James p. 76. Was he an Apostle? 

7. Peter, p. 77. Hope, knowledge, holiness. 

8. John's Epistles, p. 78. 

9. Jude, p. 78. 

10. The Book of Revelation, p. 79. 

In each of these books, if there is time, give a beautiful 
verse, calling on different ones for their selection. 

III. Missionary— 30 Minutes. 

6. Hymn. Missionary Leader in charge. 

7. Missionary Study. Modern Missionary Heroes. 
Study VI— John L. Nevius, Missionary to China. 

Required reading. The Church at Home and Abroad. 

January, 1898, pp. 72-75. Read also, if possible, the 
"Life of Dr. Nevius," by Mrs. Neviirs, published by the 
RevellCo. " China and the Chinese," by Dr. Nevius, and 
" Our Life in China," by Mrs. Nevius, may also be consulted 
with profit. 

Study VII— The Bible and Foreign Missions. 

Required Reading. The Church at Home and Abroad, 
January, 1898, pp. 26-34. 

Let the leader adopt such method of presenting the re- 
sults of study as past experience suggests. 

8. Prayer. 

9. Hymn. 



70 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORER8. 



[January, 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 
Chicago, III. 

Woodlawn. — At the Presbyterian Young People's 
rally held in this church in November, addresses 
were made on the polity, doctrine, history and 
work of the Presbyterian Church. The necessity 
of greater familiarity with the Shorter Catechism 
was emphasized. The French Huguenots, the 
Dutch Presbyterians and the Scotch Covenanters 
were named as the three main sources of the best 
blood and manhood of America ; men who have 
testified to their love of freedom and faith in God 
by their life blood. 

(iilman, III. 

The special work of the society has been the 
holding of prayer and song services in the homes 
of members too ill to attend meetings. 

Kankakee, III. 

First. — We have a Bible class which now num- 
bers upwards of four hundred members, similar in 
general plan to "W*. R. Newell' s classes in Chicago. 
Studying in Genesis now and expect to complete 
the Old Testament by next summer. — A. M. A. 

Rockford, 111. 

First. — A vacant store in a suburb of the city has 
been utilized for religious services. 

Chariton, Iowa. 

Our Christian Endeavor society is fast becoming 
one of our best agents for the spreading of the gos- 
pel, both at home and abroad. The regular 
prayer meeting is held on Sunday evening just be- 
fore the evening service, and has a good attendance 
in all kinds of weather. Last year our young 
people gave liberally to missions, the average being 
SI. 30 per member, and for all purposes the average 
per member was §2.20. This year the Seniors 
have raised their pledge to foreign missions, paying 
half for the support of a native missionary in 
China. Our Juniors, after taking a rest for a few 
weeks, commenced their work again on Sunday, 
November 14, with renewed zeal for the Master. 
They have two superintendents to oversee the work, 
but their own officers and leaders. They have 
started out well and we expect great things from 
them.— A. C. 0. 

Detroit, Mich. 

Forest Avenue. — The sessional committee of the 
Westminster League, composed wholly of young 
men, looks after absent members, and is also mak- 
ing a thorough study of church government and 
discipline. Interesting meetings have been held 
on " The Session" and " The Presbytery."— 
Michigan Presbyterian. 



Broken Bow, Neb. 

Twelve boys and girls, who had been under 
careful training for four years in the Junior so- 
ciety, were promoted. At the graduation exer- 
cises, each delivered a brief address on such topics 
as "The Grace of Love," "The Grace of Pa- 
tience," etc., and received from the pastor a 
diploma. The graduates now form the Young 
People's Society. It is believed there is wisdom 
in this method of recognizing the advancement of 
young Christians. It has given an impetus to 
young people's work here. — G. B. 

Camden, N. J. 

Calvary. — The society is divided into groups of 
ten, with a "captain" for each group. Those who 
constitute the different groups are known only to 
the executive committee and the captains. No 
member even knows which one is his captain. At 
the close of each meeting the captains are called 
upon to report as to the number in attendance, 
and participating in the meeting. This plan for 
stimulating fidelity is reported in the Young Peo- 
ple's department of the Presbyterian Journal. 

Angelica, N. Y. 

The Endeavorers by working for several years 
were able to put into the church a very fine art 
glass window. The knowledge of the young peo- 
ple's work led an old friend, member and elder of 
the church, Mr. Alfred Lockhart, of Washington, 
D.C., to put in a handsome memorial window in 
memory of his wife. These two windows were in 
place for last Easter Sunday when the pastor 
preached a sermon from "I will make thy win- 
dows of agates." The young people are now ren- 
ovating and changing the lecture room. — J. A. M. 

New York.N.Y. 

West End. — The Brotherhood of Andrew and 
Philip maintains a men's meeting preceding the 
morning service, and a Bible class of young men in 
connection with the Sunday-school. It reaches the 
young men of the neighborhood. These are wel- 
comed at the services, called upon by a committee 
carefully and discriminatingly appointed for that 
purpose, and otherwise approached and influenced. 
But its best work is given to the deepening of the 
spiritual life of the young men of the church, a 
mission which has been noticeably successful. Re- 
porting thus in the Brotherhood Star, the pastor, 
Dr. John Balcom Shaw, expresses his belief that 
the Brotherhood is one of the most useful, neces- 
sary and efficient organizations of the Church to- 
day. 

Asheville, N. C. 

The high standard of the Endeavor society in 
the Asheville Farm School is indicated by the fol- 



1898] 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 



71 



lowing questions, which every young person desir- 
ing admission to the society is requested to an- 
swer : 

Do you understand that the "whatever" of the pledge 
includes all things, throughout your whole life? 

Do you know that the pledge is made to God and not to 
man? 

Are you willing to try hard things for Christ ? 

Will you ask Christ daily to help you keep the pledge? 

Ada, Ohio. 

It is reported that fifteen young men, members of 
this church, are preparing for the ministry. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

Second. — The James Eells Missionary Society of 
this church, named from a former beloved but now 
sainted pastor, has a membership of sixty- one. A 
topic committee of six arranges the programs for 
the monthly meetings. The receipts last year for 
home and foreign missions were $210, raised with- 
out any entertainments, by voluntary pledges. A 
former member of the society has been serving the 
Master for over two years in China under the 
China Inland Mission. The program for the No- 
vember meeting was as follows : 

Opening Exercises. 

Customs in South America. 

Something of Missionary interest from South America. 

Solo. 

Items of Missionary News. 

New Mexico in its bondage. 

Manuelita (a sketch). 

A glimpse at the true condition of Mexican Life. 

Mexican Superstitions. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bethany.— Jn anticipation of special evangelistic 
services, the Endeavor society held neighborhood 
prayer meetings, visited the homes in the vicinity 
of the church, and extended invitations to revival 
services. As a result of this effort, in which the 
young people were efficient helpers, two hundred 
persons were received to the church. 

Germantown, First. — The Christian Work Club, 
a circle of young ladies, meets regularly for work 
and information. At the last meeting, while the 
rest were using their needles in preparation for 
filling a missionary box, one of the number read 
a carefully prepared paper on Siam. The club 
has a $30 scholarship in China, and is about to 
become responsible for a $60 scholarship among 
the Mountain Whites. 

Hollond Memorial. — When Dr. Wm. M. Pad en 
left the Hollond Memorial Church to become pas- 
tor of the First Church in Salt Lake City, the 
Junior Christian Endeavor society presented him 
with a five-dollar gold coin to start a building 
fund. Said the vice-president of the society in his 
address of presentation: "We have been think- 
ing that you will not be in Salt Lake City very 



long before both you and your people will feel the 
need of a new place of worship ; so we have deter- 
mined to give you five dollars to start a building 
fund at once. You will find the amount in a coin 
of pure gold— emblematic of the love we bear you. 
If you need any more money let us know and we 
will see you through." 

In his reply, Dr. Paden said : " The gold is 
worth more to me than a large nugget from Klon- 
dyke. I hope you will one day know that it has 
increased ten thousandfold." 

Union Tabernacle. — At the celebration, Novem- 
ber 14, of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary 
of the Westminster Assembly, the pastor, the Kev. 
Robert Hunter, D.D., made a brief address of a 
historical nature, and then the entire Shorter Cate- 
chism was recited by members of the church and 
Sabbath-school. Ninety seven persons answered 
questions individually, and the Ten Commandments 
were recited in concert. The first question was an- 
swered by a boy in the primary department, and 
then boys, girls, young men, young women, 
trustees, elders and others followed. At the close 
of every twenty questions a hymn was sung bearing 
upon the doctrine of the preceding question. — Pres- 
byterian Journal. 

Wayne, Pa. 

Members of the Endeavor society made free-will 
offerings for missions during the past year amount- 
ing to $102. The Sunday-school committee spends 
an evening once a month entertaining the c'ass 
that has brought into the school the largest number 
of new members. 

Knoxville, Tenn. 

The Juniors of the Ft. Sanders Presbyterian 
Church have reorganized this fall with splendid 
prospects. The twenty-seven members are all ac- 
tive workers for the Master, attending regularly 
and studying the Bible. The church is yet with- 
out a home of its own, but will build one soon, to- 
wards which the Juniors have pledged $75. — 
W. E. M. 

Lodi, Wis. 

The members of the Senior Endeavor society 
have lately taken on more of the mind and spirit of 
the Master, and are reaching out to the Christless 
masses and bringing them in ; hence, large attend- 
ance, good interest and enthusiasm in the work. 
A Junior society, organized in November under 
auspicious circumstances, bids fair to become a 
strong adjunct to the church. The Sunday-school, 
with every class full and regular, was never in a 
more prosperous condition. — J. M. C. 



72 



JOHN LIVINGSTON NEVIUS. 



[January, 




JOHN LIVINGSTON NEVIUS. 

MRS. ALBERT B. ROBINSON. 

[For the Christian Training Course. See Program No. 8, 
Study VI, page 69.] 

On a large farm within sight of beautiful Seneca 
Lake, "in a little cottage nestled down behind an 
orchard," was born John Livingston Nevius, the 
eighth generation from the original Johannes who 
emigrated from Holland about one hundred and 
seventy- seven years before. 

When only eighteen months old, he was deprived 
of his father, Benjamin Nevius, the record of 
whose noble life was an inspiration to his boys as 
they grew to manhood. An earnest worker in the 
temperance and Sabbath school causes just then in- 
augurated, "a Christian, honest, outspoken and 
conscientious," he was one upon whom his pastor 
could depend, as he never failed to be at his post 
ready for duty. 

By his sudden death the mother was left to 
struggle alone with poverty, and to train her two 
sons. Twenty years later young Nevius said of his 
mother's diary, written at this sorrowful time : "I 
have often read it with tears, tears of gladness that 
I had such a father and mother — tears of sorrow that 
I lost such a father." 

After his mother's second marriage, the boy came 
at different times into his grandfather's family, 



where, in the free farm life, his natural fondness for 
horses, his passion for fruit culture and his love of 
beautiful scenery were developed and strengthened 
by the surroundings and by intimate companionship 
with his grandfather, to whom he became tenderly 
attached. 

From reminiscences, collected by Mrs. Nevius, 
as his biographer, we have gleaned a few facts con- 
cerning these early years of character building. 
He wrote of himself at this time : "I was often seri- 
ous. I had very strong religious convictions before I 
was six years old. I decided I was too young to care 
for religion then and formed the definite resolution 
that when I was fourteen I would attend to it. 
This resolution I never forgot, but when I arrived 
at that age, I dismissed it with scarcely a thought." 

Seven years of happy school life passed at Ovid 
Academy, where, by his summer walks and winter 
drives to and fro, he acquired the habit of exercise, 
while large portions of his vacations were spent in 
useful labors upon the farm. During this transi- 
tion period from boyhood to manhood he possessed 
an exuberance of animal spirits, though these were 
modified by a varying mood, when, as he said : "I 
loved to shut myself out from the world and be 
alone, for seasons of quiet meditation and deep 
reverie." His associations were always the best, 
and he was ever a welcome guest in the delightful 
homes of the neighborhood, whose cultured inmates 
loved and enjoyed good reading and thus he early 
learned to appreciate the best books and fell into the 
habit of committing beautiful poems to memory. 

Entering Union College as a sophomore, in 1845, 
when sixteen years old, he easily passed the exam- 
inations, and was soon hard at work. Letters from 
the ever-faithful mother were not without their in- 
fluence. During the last year at college he was 
greatly depressed, partly from overwork, but more 
because of his uneasy conscience. ' ' It was impos- 
sible for a conscientious boy such as he was, with 
the knowledge of his father's life, prayers and ex- 
pectations, not to be distressed by the consciousness 
that he had thus far disappointed all these." 
Writing to his brother, he said : ' ' Let the name of 
the firm stand high. We have thus far fooled 
away our time. If we do anything in this world, 
we must begin living on a new system. Let this 
winter be a new era in our lives." 

His college course completed, he decided to 
seek employment as a teacher in Georgia. He had 
not confided to his anxious mother the fact that he 
had begun secret prayer. Her parting words as he 
left her to make his own way were : "John ! if you 
were going away to be a missionary and I should 
never see you again in this world, that I could! 
stand, but this I cannot,'' 



1898.] 



JOHN LIVINGSTON NEVIUS. 



73 



A few weeks later he wrote from Georgia a letter 
which was a glad ending of her anxiety. One 
sentence gives the keynote of his after-life : "The 
grand defect of my life so far is that it has been 
without an object. I now see before me an object 
inconceivably sublime in the possibility of becom- 
ing a co- laborer with God and advancing his glory 
and the happiness of others. ' ' 

After spending a year in the South as a success- 
ful teacher, he entered Princeton Theological Sem- 
inary. Soon after his admission he listened with 
deep interest to an address by the Hon. Walter 
Lowrie on the subject of foreign missions, when, as 
it is supposed, he first began to consider the ques- 
tion of his own personal duty. March 9, he was 
received by letter into the First Presbyterian 
Church at Princeton. From this time he set him- 
self about his Master' s work with characteristic im- 
petuosity during vacation, visiting neglected parts 
of the county and establishing Sunday-schools, 
while after his return to Princeton he assisted in 
the same work, and conducted Sunday services in 
the neighborhood. 

The summer vacation of 1852 was made memor- 
able by his engagement to Miss Helen S. Coan. 
The letters written to his affianced after his return 
to Princeton are full of practical suggestions for 
self-improvement and spiritual culture. 

Having decided to become a missionary, he wrote 
Miss Coan : "I want to know where my duty lies. 
There I shall be successful and there I shall be 

happy The great question is, ' Where can we 

do the most for our Saviour and where would he 
have us go?" I am willing to go anywhere, even 
to the heathen, if it is God's will." 

The next month he sent his application to the 
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions, and was 
most cordially accepted as their missionary, with 
Ningpo, China, as his designated field. His ordi- 
nation, April 27, 1853, was followed by his mar- 
riage to Miss Coan and their preparations for de- 
parture. 

In those days the long voyage was made by sailing 
vessel around the Cape of Good Hope, and in this 
case six months passed before our missionaries, 
having passed through great perils and hardships, 
reached Ningpo, in the Central China Mission. 

They soon began the study of the language, and, 
by dint of unremitting hard work, made good prog- 
ress, so that in one year Mr. Nevius was able to 
do chapel "work and to preach during his travels. 
Dr. Ellinwood, his old friend in the theological 
seminary at Princeton, says: " Dr. Nevius pre- 
sented a high example to all other missionaries in 
the assiduity and success with which he conquered 
the native language. No mere smattering could 



satisfy his purpose." It was because of this perse- 
vering study during those forty years of missionary 
service that he was able to do so much for the new 
Christian literature of China. Mrs. Nevius soon 
began to use her gift of song in China's service. 
Dr. Martin, of the Imperial College, tells us that 
"she lost her sweet voice in the effort to introduce 
our Christian psalmody, leaving instead God's 
praises on a thousand native tongues. ' ' Years later 
a message was sent her by a former pupil : 1 1 Tell 
Mrs. Nevius that she is still teaching music in China 
through us. I am teaching our men, and my wife 
the women." 

Dr. Martin also writes of this noble woman : 
" At a critical moment she compelled her husband 
to remain at his post when his whole future might 
have been imperiled by leaving it. Mrs. Nevius, 
having been ordered home on account of health, he 
proposed to accompany her, but she replied in my 
hearing: "John! Sooner will I remain and die 
here than have you leave your work." She cheer- 
fully bore the trial of long separations many times. 

Dr. Martin speaks of the experience at Ningpo 
as ( ' the best of schools for Mr. Nevius. He not 
only learned there the Chinese language in its 
written and spoken forms ; he learned how to work, 
being made pastor of the mission church, and pre- 
paring one of his best books for the use of his 
flock." It was at this time that the station of San- 
poh was established under encouraging circum- 
stances and which soon became flourishing. So 
valiantly did the native preachers here withstand 
the attacks of their heathen opponents that the 
gospel was designated as "the not-to-be- knocked- 
down doctrine." 

In 1858 the way was providentially opened for 
the extension of missionary work, through the new 
treaties with foreign countries, by which greatly in- 
creased privileges had been secured to foreigners. 

Mrs. Nevius having returned from America in 
improved health, accompanied her husband to Hang- 
chow — the first foreign lady to live in that city — that 
they might attempt the establishment of a new mis- 
sion, in what seemed an important centre for mis- 
sion operations. They took up their abode at 
length in an old Tauist temple, which they had 
renovated and leased for a term of years, and where 
they were protected by two official placards, warn- 
ing every one against molesting the missionaries. 

After the disastrous defeat of the French and 
English in the north of China, however, there was 
a speedy change of sentiment. Though the American 
government was not involved in the difficulty and 
the treaty with America was certain of ratification 
in a short time, they were officially requested to 
leave the city. Absurd rumors began to be circu- 



74 



JOHN LIVINGSTON NEVIUS. 



[January, 



lated, charging the foreigners with revolting 
crimes— senseless stories, similar to those that have 
led to the recent riots and massacres in China, till 
at last it became evident that it was wise to retreat. 
Mrs. Nevius wrote sadly, ' ' Our dream of life and 
work in Hangchow was over." 

Secretary Speer, writing of his recent visit to this 
city, says : ' ' The memory of Dr. Ne vius is still 
precious in Hangchow, though he lived there less 
than a year, and the present boys' school, the old- 
est and strongest in our mission, was once under 
his superintendence before it was removed from 
Ningpo." 

Eight months were spent in Japan, that he 
might assist Dr. and Mrs. Hepburn in the establish- 
ment of a new mission there, and also work with- 
out interruption ona" Compendium of Systematic 
Theology, ' ' which was greatly needed. 

Upon his return to China, he wrote the Board : 
" The country is open as far as treaties can open it, 
and the rest of the opening must be done by the mis- 
sionaries. ' ' 

With this conviction, Mr. and Mrs. Nevius 
went north to Chefoo, en route for Tungchow, 
where their names are enrolled among the pioneers 
of the Shantung Mission. 

Ten years after their arrival in China, failure in 
health necessitated the immediate return of both to 
America, which they reached soon after the close 
of the civil war, the first news they received on en- 
tering the bay being the assassination of President 
Lincoln. Three years were spent in the home- 
land — years of active service for the Board, when 
Mr. Nevius traveled extensively, giving missionary 
addresses at many places, and creating a greater in- 
terest in the work for China. The book, " China 
and the Chinese, ' ' was completed at the old home 
in Seneca county, also a smaller work by Mrs. 
Nevius, "Our Life in China." 

Union College at this time bestowed the title of 
D.D. upon her distinguished son. 

After their return to China, Dr. and Mrs. 
Nevius labored for short intervals at Peking and 
Tungchow, but in 1871 they made Chefoo their 
permanent residence, where literary work could be 
pursued with fewer interruptions. Here he built 
his plain but comfortable house, the "Nau-lou," 
meaning literally "The Southern Loft," which 
was given, a year before Dr. Nevius' death, to the 
Board, as a permanent mission home. Here a suc- 
cession of rocky terraces were leveled by his 
engineering ability and converted into a well- 
watered and fertile garden, where tomatoes, straw- 
berries and trees from the United States were soon 
growing. With the belief ' ' that it is a missionary's 
duty to seek, in every possible way, not only the 



spiritual and eternal good of the people he lives 
among, but also their physical and temporal good," 
he sought to introduce foreign fruits into China. 
In the "South garden" he planted grapevines, 
plants and foreign fruit trees of all kinds, which he 
wished to substitute for the miserable native fruits 
of the country. 

Two events of especial interest marked the years 
1873 and 1874 — an audience with the Chinese emper- 
or, and a visit from Secretary Ellinwood and his 
wife, ' ' when many important questions of mis- 
sionary policy were considered." 

The great famine of 1877 caused a temporary 
suspension of his usual work, while he devoted his 
entire time and energies to the relief of the famine 
sufferers. "A grand object lesson, setting forth 
the benevolence of the Christian faith, was presented 
to the people ; and after the famine was over Dr. 
Nevius followed up the good impressions by evan- 
gelistic labors, and the result was seen in some three 
or four hundred converts gathered to the fold of 
Christ." 

He now began to make his long country tours on 
horseback, while two barrow-men propelled the na- 
tive wheelbarrow loaded with his baggage. This was 
' • a platform about six feet long and four feet wide, 
with a wheel in the middle and handles at both 
ends." In this way he did much of the itinerating 
work of the Shantung Mission, and all over the 
province he became known and loved, while his 
unfailing kindness to his faithful barrow-men was 
returned by grateful, loving service. His circuit, as 
he wrote, now extended to a point three hundred and 
thirty miles from Chefoo, and embraced a popula- 
tion of about three millions. 

After a second visit of eighteen months to the 
United States, they traveled across the continent to 
San Francisco and embarked for China, reaching 
Chefoo October 31. Long itinerations, involving 
long separations from his wife, mark this period of 
great activity. In the intervals of from six weeks 
to two months between these country tours he held 
at Chefoo his Bible and theological classes, which 
wereanimportantpartofhiswork. Students, twenty 
to forty in number, came from various directions, 
and were cared for in the mission compound. Mrs. 
Nevius gave them vocal lessons, and in the evening 
they were entertained by conversation and amuse- 
ment, while music on the piano and violin gave 
them real delight. Keturning to their homes, they 
carried to those they had left behind the good in- 
fluences and the truths of Christianity which they 
had learned at Chefoo. 

At length Dr. Nevius felt constrained to give up 
the care of the country stations, though his interest 
in them never abated. During a second famine 



1898.] 



QUE8TI0NS. 



75 



his health prevented personal relief work, but 
by his stirring appeals through the Shanghai 
newspapers and personal solicitations in the for- 
eign communities $200,000 was given in the 
Shantung province alone and as many lives were 
saved. 

He was moderator of the Shanghai Missionary 
Conference of 1890, when there were 430 mission- 
aries present, representing almost every mission- 
ary society in the land. Bible translation and re- 
vision was one of the chief subjects considered 
by the Conference. "It was resolved to prepare 
union versions of the Scriptures in mandarin col- 
loquial and in high classical style — the Church 
was thus provided with a standard version of the 
Bible which all may use alike. ' ' Dr. Nevius was one 
of the committee of seven to prepare the version in 
the mandarin language, a task for which he was 
eminently fitted. After a trip to Korea and Japan 
and having made a last visit to the United States 
in 1892, when the Sanitarium at Clifton Springs 
became a delightful haven of rest, he settled down 
on his return to this most congenial labor. 

He had been compelled by the development of a 
slight heart trouble to give up many of the heavy 
burdens he had so long carried, yet even his best 
beloved did not dream that the end was so near. 
To her his sudden death came as a shock, as he was 
preparing to attend a mission meeting at Wei 
Hien, two hundred miles distant. Mrs. Nevius 
wrote : "It can never seem to me that my husband 
died ; he only went away. No, he did not die ; 
he entered into life/' 

The effect of this death upon the native Christians 
at Wei Hien and at other places was " that it 
seemed to them a special mark of favor that he had 
been taken suddenly and painlessly away from 
earth. They called it a translation rather than a 
death." 



In a touching letter one of them said : " But now 
we grieve for Mrs. Nevius. We know how weak she 
is and how often ill. How can she bear the grief 
and loneliness ? In a short time Mrs. Nevius and 
we too shall all go where we shall see our teacher, 
and be together with Christ." 

One of the faithful barrow-men, seeing her weep- 
ing, said : ' ' Mrs. Nevius, you think too little of 
your husband's happiness ! Our Saviour said : 
1 Come unto me, ye weary and heavy laden, and I 
will give you rest.' Dr. Nevius had worked very, 
very hard, harder than most men, and he was 
weary and now the Lord has given him rest. The 
pastor used to say to us Christians in the country : 
1 This is a beautiful world, very beautiful indeed, 
but heaven is more beautiful still ; ' and that is 
where Dr. Nevius has gone. You ought not to be 
sad." Are not these beautiful words a tribute to 
the memory of him who had for years been the 
teacher and counselor of these humble Christians ? 
His long life of missionary service was but an em- 
bodiment of his own charge to young missionaries, 
"Get into full sympathy with the Chinese: love 
them." 

It is a pleasure to know that Mrs. Nevius is con- 
tinuing the noble work in China, in which both had 
labored together as one, and that through her pen 
a memoir of their friend and pastor is to be given 
the Chinese in their own language. 

There are many testimonials to the beautifully 
rounded character of this worker for Christ. We 
close with one from the Kev. W. S. Holt : 

' ' Dr. John L. Nevius was the ideal missionary. 
Piety without ostentation or cant, patience, persist- 
ence, sweetness of temper and disposition, good 
fellowship, consecration, learning, zeal — all these 
he had. There is sorrow in many homes once 
heathen, to which the gospel he preached has 
brought light and joy and hope." 



QUESTIONS FOR THE JANUARY MISSIONARY MEETING. 



[Answers may be found in the preceding pages.] 



WORK AT HOME. 

1. Who discovered gold in California ? Page 
47. 

2. What was the result of the preaching of a 
poor young man in Arizona ? Page 47. 

3. Relate the thrilling experience of a minister 
in Alaska. Page 49. 

4. Give a summary of home mission work in 
Nebraska. Pages 50-52. 

5. How is the providence of God shown in the 
beginnings of our nation ? Page 53. 

6. What great responsibility rests upon citizens of 
the republic ? Page 54. 



7. How does the crowding of the population into 
our cities increase the difficulty of the problem ? 
Page 55. 

8. How many communicants are there in the 
evangelical churches of this country? Page 55. 

9. What has caused the debt of our Church for 
its home mission work ? Page 56. 

10. What are some of the results of home mis- 
sion work ? Page 56. 

11. How large is the parish of a Presbyterian 
minister in Nevada ? Page 59. 

12. Tell how a sermon was preached in three 
different languages. Page 58 t 



76 



READINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



[January, 



13. What has been the influence of school work 
in Asheville, N. Q? Page 58. 

14. What circumstance has led to the wise 
grouping of churches in Oregon ? Page 59. 

15. Describe Mr. Young's method of teaching 
the Indians to read. Page 65. 

16. What recent opinion has been expressed by 
the Secretary of the Interior regarding the Met- 
lakahtla Indians in Alaska ? Page 4. 

17. What has been accomplished by the Board 
of Education during the seventy- eight years of its 
existence ? Page 35. 

18. How does the allowance received by a candi- 
date for the ministry compare with that given to 
cadets at West Point ? Page 36. 

19. Describe the various duties of the Board of 
Education. Pages 36, 37. 

20. What do pastors think of the " twentieth- 
century movement " ? Page 39. 

21. What is " Education Day " ? Page 41. 

22. How are the old ministers of our Church 
provided for? Pages 43-45. 

23. Which Board of our Church may be called a 
preferred creditor? Page 45. 

24. Tell how a church was built from a single 
boulder? Page 66. 

WORK ABROAD. 

25. What new book are the students who enter 
the civil service examination in China now re- 
quired to study ? Page 3. 

26. What recent progress in railway building 
has been made in Africa? Page 3. 

27. What new title has been assumed by the 
King of Korea? Page 4. 

28. Tell the story of a faithful elder in Siam. 
Page 5. 

29. Give an outline of the history of the Ha- 
waiian Islands. 



30. What were the results of missionary labor in 
Hawaii ? Page 8. 

31. Describe the climate and scenery of Hawaii. 
Page 9. 

32. Of what nationalities is the population of 
Hawaii made up? Page 13. 

33. Relate the story of Kekela, the Hawaiian 
missionary. Page 14. 

34. What contribution was made by native Ha- 
waiian Christians towards the building of a church 
in Japan ? Page 14. 

35. Tell something of the work accomplished by 
the Hawaiian Evangelical Association. Page 12. 

36. Into how many languages has the Bible been 
translated? Page 17. 

37. What incident from Mexico illustrates one 
method by which copies of the Scriptures are circu- 
lated? Page 18. 

38. How are the gospels used by some Moslems 
in Syria ? Page 19. 

39. Repeat some interesting incidents from a 
missionary's tour in Japan. Page 20. 

40. What four distinct commissions did our Lord 
give his disciples ? Page 26. 

41. Name the Bible motives for Foreign Mis- 
sions. Page 26. 

42. What is the source of true missionary in- 
spiration ? Pages 27-29. 

43. What is the chief agency employed in bring- 
ing the world to Christ ? Page 29. 

44. By what special methods may missionary in- 
terest be developed in the Church ? Pages 31-33. 

45. What is the supreme duty of the Church ? 
Page 33. 

46. Describe the missionary consecration of native 
students in Ceylon. Page 62. 



READINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



During the late war with China the Japanese 
Government permitted the sending to the army of 
three native chaplains, and on the field encouraged 
and helped them all it could. These men were not 
officially styled "Christian chaplains," but were 
called imonshi, or comforters. None but these three 
have ever been appointed, and their appointment 
was only temporary. But the fact that the Gov- 
ernment granted them permission to accompany 
the armies and encouraged their work shows clearly 
a changed attitude towards the Christian religion. 
— From "The Gist of Japan," by J. L. Peery. 

Natal, Mr. Bigelow says, is, of all British 
colonies, the one where he would most willingly 
spend the declining years of his life. There is 
here but one white man to every ten black men, 
but he finds on all sides an atmosphere suggestive 
of law, liberty and progress. It is little more 
than fifty years since England definitely took 



charge of the country, and now Durban is de- 
scribed as one of the healthiest and best governed 
towns in the world, with fine streets, good sewer- 
age, excellent water supply and an honest ad- 
ministration. — Review in Literary World of "White 
Man's Africa." 

In its review of "Gleanings from Buddha 
Fields," the Literary World says : Mr. Lafcadio 
Hearn, who, besides being a pronounced and fiercely 
polemic agnostic, is a warm admirer of nearly all of 
the things peculiarly Japanese, is peculiarly fitted 
to interpret with insight and sympathy the thoughts 
of these ambitious people of the Sunrise country. 
In a fascinating style and with abundant resources 
of rhetoric he pictures in pretty phrases the abso- 
lute- emptiness of Buddhism. He paints with iri- 
descent film of language the decaying cult from 
which the earnest thinkers of Japan have turned 
away. With all of Mr. Hearn' s admiration of the 



1898.] 



READINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



77 



Japanese, amounting almost to idolatry, he gives us 
no hint of the existence of those charities which are 
felt and seen and are active in every city in 
Christendom. His chapters form a splendid argu- 
ment in favor of that very Christian missionary 
work in Japan which he so cordially hates. As an 
interpreter of the Japanese heart, mind, hand and 
soul Mr. Hearn has no superior. But he will not 
convert those who in health of body and mind love 
the landmarks of the best faith of the race. It is 
very hard to make fog and miasmatic exhalations, 
even when made partly luminous with rhetoric, 
attractive to the intellect that loves headlands and 
mountain tops. The product of despair can never 
compete in robust minds with the product of faith. 

Prolonged absence brings forgetfulness ; diverse 
labors and interests put people out of sympathy 
with one another. When the new missionary 
comes out to his field, communication between him 
and friends is frequent. Letters pass regularly, 
little remembrances are sent from time to time, and 
he is still in touch with his friends at home. But 
by-and-by a change comes. After one or two 
years exchange of presents and remembrances 
cease; gradually the letters cease also, and none 
come except those from his immediate family. Even 
these become less and less frequent. After a few 
years one feels that he is largely out of touch with 
the life of the West, and that he is forgotten by 
home and friends. 

Churches and friends can do much toward pre- 
venting this, and towards brightening the lives of 
their missionaries, if they will. Take special pains 
to write interesting personal letters to the mission- 
ary. It will do him good just to be remembered in 
this way. — From " The Gist of Japan," by Rev. 
J. L. Peery. 

Many of the missionary's heaviest burdens are 
summed up in the one word, whose height and 
breadth and length and depth none knows so well 
as he, that word "exile." It is not merely a 
physical exile from home and country and all their 
interests ; it is not only an intellectual exile from 
all that would feed and stimulate the mind ; it is 
yet more — a spiritual exile from the guidance, the 
instruction, the correction, from the support, the 
fellowship, the communion of the saints and the 
Church at home. It is an exile as when a man is 
lowered with a candle into foul places, where the 
noxious gases threaten to put out his light, yet he 
must explore it all and find some way to drain off 
the refuse and let in the sweet air and sun to do 
their own cleansing work. The missionary is not 
only torn away from those social bonds that sustain, 
or even almost compose, our mental, moral and 



spiritual life, but he is forced into closest relations 
with heathenism, whose evils he abhors, whose power 
and fascinations, too, he dreads. And when at last 
he can save his own children only by being bereft 
of them, he feels himself an exile indeed. — From 
11 Missions in the East," by Dr. Lawrence. 

The word "Kafir" is Arabic and means an 
infidel (literally, "one who denies"). It is ap- 
plied by Mussulmans to those Africans who call 
themselves Abantuor Bantu ("the people"). The 
Bantu tribes occupy the whole of east Africa south- 
ward from the Upper Nile, together with the 
Congo basin and most of southwest Africa. They 
include various groups, such as the Amakosa tribes 
(to which belong the Tembus and Pondos), who 
occupy the coast of Cape Colony eastward from the 
Great Fish river ; the Amazulu group, consisting 
of the Zulus proper (in Natal and Zululand) ; the 
Swazis ; the Metabili, farther to the north, and the 
Angoni, in Nyassaland, beyond the Zambesi river ; 
the Amatonga group, between Zululand and Delagoa 
Bay ; the Bechuana group, including the Bamang- 
woto, the Basutos, and the Baralongs, as well as 
the Barotse, far off on the middle course of the 
Zambesi ; the Makalaka or the Maholis, inhabiting 
Mashonaland and Manicaland. They are usually 
strong and well-made men, not below the average 
height of a European. While the general level of 
intellect is below that of the Eed Indians or the 
Maoris or the Hawaiians (if rather above that of 
the Guinea negroes), individuals are now and then 
found of considerable talents and great force of 
character. Three such men as the Zulu Tshaka, 
the Basuto Moshesh and the Bechuana Khama, not 
to speak of those who, like the eloquent missionary 
Tiyo Soga, have received a regular European edu- 
cation, are sufficient to show the capacity of the 
race for occasionally reaching a standard which 
white men must respect. — From " Impressions of 
South Africa," by James Bryce. 

Notwithstanding the slowness of the progress 
hitherto made, the extinction of heathenism in 
South Africa may be deemed certain, and certain 
at no distant date. There is here no ancient and 
highly organized system of beliefs and doctrines, 
such as Hinduism and Islam are in India, to resist 
the solvent power which European civilization 
exerts What will happen when hea- 
thenism and the tribal system have vanished ? Such 
morality, such principles of manly conduct as the 
natives now have are bound up with their ghost- 
worship and still more with their tribal system, 
which prescribes loyalty to the chief, courage in 
war, devotion to the interests of the tribe or clan. 
When these principles have disappeared along with 



78 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 



[January, 



the tribal organization, some other principles, some 
other standard of duty and precepts of conduct 

ought to be at hand to replace them 

Although the Kafirs have shown rather less apti- 
tude for assimilating Christian teaching than some 
other savage races have done, there is nothing in 
the experience of the missions to discourage the 
hope that such teaching may come to prevail among 
them, and that through it the next generation may 
show a certain moral advance upon that which has 
gone before. As the profession of Christianity will 
create a certain link between the Kafirs and their 



rulers which may soften the asperity which the 
relations of the two races now wear, so its doc- 
rines will in time give them a standard of conduct 
similar to that accepted among the whites, and an 
ideal which will influence the superior minds 
among them. So much may certainly be said — 
that the gospel and the mission schools are at 
present the most truly civilizing influences which 
work upon the natives, and that upon these in- 
fluences, more than on any other agency, does the 
progress of the colored race depend. — From " Im- 
pressions of South Africa, ' ' by James Bryce. 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 



The Literary World characterizes the " Memoir of 
Tennyson " as a worthy and dignified presentation 
of a career which above all things was serious and 
purposeful, which never found room for the trivial 
or the superficial, and from first to last counted the 
second-rate as nothing worth, and nourished the 
roots of its soul on the highest thought and the 
noblest literature. 

The only salvation of India, even from the 
economic point of view, is, in the opinion of those 
who have longest and most deeply studied it, its 
Christianization. Hindu idolatry and Islam are the 
blights that are destroying the country. The 
paralysis of caste on the one side and the fetters of 
bigotry on the other delay civilization and obscure 
enlightenment. — Julian Hawthorne, in The Cosmo- 
politan. 

Kecent attempts in Japan to identify Shinto with 
the moral, intellectual and political progress of the 
nation, and much of the popular enthusiasm for 
Shinto, are an expression of the strong nationalism 
which underlies all Japanese life, and which is one 
of the greatest barriers to the progress of the 
gospel. True Christianity is not only not an- 
tagonistic to patriotism and loyalty, but wherever 
it exists the truest patriotism and the most ardent 
loyalty will be found. Our Japanese friends, how- 
ever, do not think so, and because of this, and of 
the fear that Christianity will revolutionize many 
of the customs which they hold as dear as life itself, 
they view it with distrust and hostility. — C. M. 
Intelligencer. 

The social settlement, being in no wise Utopian 
or institutional in its aims, but empirical, recipro- 
cal and broadly religious in its method, plants 
itself at the point of greatest need in the modern 
city to make life more wholesome and sincere, the 
environment more elevating, and to mediate be- 
tween the alienated classes. It tries to understand 



society : (a) by studying the real facts in the lives 
of the people, sympathetically and helpfully ; (6) 
by studying the social forces of the community. It 
attempts to improve the social environment by 
accelerating the process of social evolution. It 
tries to test economic and social laws by actual ex- 
perimentation in turning the lives and forces of the 
community into channels that the students of social 
science have discovered to be socially ethical. — 
Herman F. Hegner, in the American Journal of 
Sociology. 

In his article in The Charities Review on "The 
Problem of Pauperism ' ' Frederick Howard Wines 
says : We want more workers, and we want more 
serious students of social problems. Both must be 
attracted to the work by the power of that electric 
current of human sympathy, of which need and 
affection are the negative and positive poles. They 
must be instructed, trained and assigned to different 
branches of the work, according to their individual 
capacities and adaptations. The entire work, in 
all its parts, demands competent, vigilant over- 
sight. Somebody must give to it inspiration and 
general direction. Public interest in it needs to 
be aroused, public opinion concerning it wisely 
educated. The philanthropic spirit requires to be 
diffused through every part of the social organism, 
and the principle of love (which is also that of 
life) so diffused, will work the regeneration of 
humanity, when the church, the State, the school, 
the press, all unite to give the uplift, without 
which the destruction of the race is only a question 
of time. 

The interesting fact is noted by Woman's Work 
for Woman that "while the Christian population 
of Japan is but one-half of one per cent, of the 
whole, three out of eight leading newspapers in the 
empire are under Christian auspices. Christianity 
helps brains as well as broken hearts." 



1898.] 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 



79 



The Living Age, founded in 1844, has steadily 
maintained the reputation gained with its earliest 
issues of being a most complete representative of 
foreign thought as expressed by its greatest expo- 
nents. It is to day a faithful reflection of almost 
all that is substantial and truly valuable in the 
passing literature of the world, embracing, as it 
now does, in its monthly supplement, American as 
well as foreign literature. The scope of the maga- 
zine has been widened, its size increased, and its 
price reduced, so that increasing years seem only 
to add to its vigor and value. To those whose means 
are limited, it must meet with especial favor, for it 
offers them what could not otherwise be obtained, 
except by a large outlay. Intelligent readers who 
want to save time and money will find it invaluable. 

Mr. Toru Hoshi, the Japanese Minister to the 
United States, writes in Harper' s for November that 
greed of territorial aggrandizement is utterly foreign 
to the genius of the people of Japan as well as to the 
designs of her government. "Japan's real ambi- 
tion lies in another direction. In her geographical 
position, her natural resources, as well as in the 
capacity and adaptability of her people, she per- 
ceives the surest means of attaining national great- 
ness. The watchwords of the Japan of to-day are 
enterprise and industry. The people have turned 
their attention to commerce, to manufactures, and 
to the arts. They look forward hopefully to the 
time when Japan will be the emporium of the 
Orient, firmly bound to her neighbors by the strong 
ties of mutual interest." 

The first church built at East Hampton, Long 
Island, in 1652, was twenty by twenty-six feet, 
and was covered with thatch. After being re- 
paired and enlarged in 1673, and again in 1698, it 
was abandoned and another church built in 1717. 
This was then the largest and finest church on Long 
Island, and was furnished with a clock and bell, 
which kept and proclaimed the time for one hun- 
dred and sixty- three years, when, fifteen years ago, 
this church was in turn abandoned and torn down. 
When it was determined, in 1717, to build a new 
church, a meeting was called in i i Mulford House, 
still standing, and said to be the oldest structure in 
the village. A townsman, who*.e presence was re- 
quired, not having arrived, ittle slave girl was 
sent out to summon him, 1 1 1 was lost in the snow- 
drift, her body not being found until the next day. 
The place where she had perished was then decided 
upon for the site of the church as a spot indicated 
by Divine Providence as sacred ground. This was 
the church in with the Rev. Lyman Beecher 
preached from 1799 to 1810.— William B. Bigelow, 
in Scribner's Magazine for November. 



The reason of India' s poverty is that the soil, under 
the existing methods of cultivation, cannot more 
than support the increased population in good years, 
and in bad years starvation sets in. Her poverty 
is also due to the ignorance, superstition and obsti- 
nacy of Indians, who oppose always a passive, and 
sometimes an active, resistance to English efforts to 
enlighten and free them. Nowhere else in the 
world is education so slow, thankless and even 
perilous a task as in India. Efforts are making to 
teach the young Indians scientific methods of farm- 
ing, the use of modern farming machinery and of 
fertilizers. Anxious study is also given to ending 
or mitigating the abuse of the money-lending sys- 
tem. Experiments have been tried in adjusting 
land values to crop production ; in abating usury ; 
in lowering the price of grain to the native con- 
sumer. None of these atttempts have met with 
substantial success. The cause of failure lies mainly 
in the natives themselves. Urged by caste they 
insist on borrowing sums they cannot repay ; 
they would rather be owned by the bunniah than 
by themselves, because self-interest prompts the 
bunniah to take better care of them than their 
own improvidence and indolence would allow. . . . 
The outlook for India is dark. The darkness 
is due partly to the nature of the country, partly to 
the nature of the people. I fail to see that any of 
it is due to the English. It exists in spite of their 

most conscientious efforts to dispel it 

Let England impress India with a veritable Chris- 
tian faith and nine-tenths of the present difficulties 
would spontaneously cease. — Julian Hawthorne, in 
The Cosmopolitan. 



A gentleman who used to read The Youth's Com- 
panion when a boy, and reads it now that he is a 
middle-aged man, said the other day: "I don't 
believe I can ever outgrow The Companion. I find 
in it not only the cheery, hopeful spirit of youth, 
but the wisdom and experience of age. I like it 
just as much as when I was a boy, though perhaps 
in a different way, and my boys and girls like it 
as well as ever I did. It is a good paper to grow 
up with." 

The Youth's Companion will contain the bes 
thought of the best thinkers during 1898. The 
various departments of the paper will be a current 
record of the best work that is being done in the 
world. Present readers who renew, and all new 
subscribers, will receive free a beautiful illustrated 
calendar, printed in twelve colors and embossed in 
gold. An illustrated prospectus of The Companion 
for 1898 may be had by addressing Perry Mason & 
Company, Boston, Mass. 



80 



BOOK NOTICES. 



[January, 



Book Notices, 




A copy of The Church at Home and Abroad 
containing one of the letters of the late Rev. A. 
C. Good, Ph.D., providentially fell into the 
hands of a friend of missions in Glasgow. The 
result was the establishment of the MacLean Mis- 
sion among the dwarfs of Western Africa. Miss 
Ellen J. Parsons, A.M., editor of Woman's Work 
for Woman, in A Life for Africa, has related 
in a most attractive manner the story of Dr. 
Good's heroic career. 
Those who became ac- 
quainted with this 
consecrated, zealous 
young missionary 
through the pages of 
our magazine will be 
eager to see the book. 
It is a worthy contri- 
bution to our growing 
list of good missionary 
biography, and will 
be sure to quicken the 
zeal of all who read it. 
[F. H. Eevell Co., 
$1.50.] 
Rev. A. C. Good. 

To show the divine 
warrant for the fullest and mnst joyful confidence 
in the absolute certainty of personal salvation, is 
the purpose of the Rev. William P. Patterson in 
his little book, A Heartening Word for Mr. 
Fearing. [70 pages, 25 cents. The Westmins- 
ter Press, Philadelphia.] 

A cousin of Chief Justice Fuller has compiled 
and designed an oblong volume, called Love's 
Messages, which is a clever imitation of the 
pocket check-book. Each of the seventy-five 
leaves is detachable and contains a text of Scrip- 
ture printed in red and an appropriate stanza of 
poetry printed in black, with a blank for date and 
signature, while the stubs offer room for memo- 
randa. The detached leaflets fit an ordinary envel- 
ope without folding, and are intended to be sent as 
a bit of cheer or comfort to absent friends. [T. Y. 
Crowell & Co. 75 cents. ] 

Mr. Moody says of Prof. Henry Drummond, ' 'that 
he was a mrst lovable man, a perfect gentleman, 
always preferring another, simple and not courting 
favor. His face was an index to his inner life. 
It was genial and kind, and made him, like his 
Master, a favorite with children. Never have I 
known a man who, in my opinion, lived nearer the 
Master or sought to do his will more fully." This 
tribute forms the Preface to a little book, A Life 
for a Life, composed of three of Drummond's 
well-known addresses. [18mo, cloth, 25 cents. 
F. H. RevellCo.] 

Expositions and Prayers from Calvin is a 
compilation from the commentaries on the minor 
prophets, originally delivered in the form of lec- 
tures, each followed by appropriate petitions. The 
compiler, Rev. Charles E. Edwards, believes that 
John Calvin, justly admired as the theologian of 
the Reformation, the prince of commentators and 



the virtual founder of American common schools, 
was also great in prayer. The system of Chris- 
tian doctrine, which bears his name, has ever been 
the mother of devotion. Each of the fifty two 
brief expositions is followed by an appropriate sen- 
tence prayer. [The Westminster Press, 117 pages, 
25 cents.] 

Walter's Ideal System of Sunday-school 
Records is the latest valuable contribution to the 
efficient aid of Sunday-school officers and uniform 
Sunday-school statistics. Mr. Walter is an expe- 
rienced Sunday-school superintendent. His sys- 
tem now given to the public is the result of years of 
observation, patient, study and personal use in a 
large city school. The whole system is a happy 
combination of comprehensiveness of details with 
the utmost simplicity of operation. It consists of 
five different books : Class Book, Primary Class 
Book, Secretary's Record, Superintendent's Rec- 
ord and Librarian's Record; also Enrollment 
Cards, Collection Envelopes, Librarian's Labor- 
saving Cards and Scholars' Library Cards. The 
books are of uniform size, 4£ x 7^ inches. The 
Secretary's and Superintendent's Record books 
will accommodate any school of forty classes, or 
about one thousand scholars, teachers and officers. 
[Published by Curts & Jennings, Cincinnati, and 
Eaton & Mains, New York. They may also be 
had of the Presbyterian Board of Publication and 
Sabbath-school Work, Philadelphia.] 

When the Rev. James M. Alexander attempted 
to sketch briefly the history of the mission enter- 
prise in Hawaii, he found that the missions to all 
the islands of the Pacific were so co-related in 
their origin and results that to describe one of 
them it was necessary to describe all. The result 
is a volume of five hundred pages, entitled The 
Islands of the Pacific. The wonderful story 
of heroic effort in Tahiti. Fiji, New Zealand, the 
New Hebrides and Hawaii, which has resulted in 
lifting the inhabitants from paganism to Christian 
civilization, is told in a fascinating manner ; and 
the book will fill an important place in the mis- 
sionary library. Several of the illustrations are 
reproduced in another part of this magazine by 
kind permission of the publishers. [American 
Tract Society, $2.] 

The Rev. S. G. Wilson, who began his mission- 
ary work in Tabriz, in 1880, described, in a vol- 
ume issued three years ago, the social and religious 
condition of the people of Persia. His Persia- 
Western Mission sketches the history of Chris- 
tianity in Persia and the conditions of religious 
liberty, gives a narrative of mission work, the 
equipment for its prosecution and the methods 
pursued. Public interest in the Armenian ques- 
tion leads the author to devote many pages to the 
religion, condition and customs of this race, among 
whom he has lived in Tabriz " Mission Schools," 
" Medical Missions" and "Bible Translation and 
Distribution," are treated in three of the chapters. 
The book abounds in interesting incidents and gives 
graphic descriptions of the daily life of the mis- 
sionaries whom we know so well and pray for every 
day. A map, several illustrations, the names of 
our missionaries, with term of services, and an in- 
dex, increase the value of the volume. [Presby- 
terian Board of Publication, $1.25.] 



1898.] 



BOOK NOTICES. 



81 



Nathan Sheppard, in his volume, Heroic 
Stature, says: "Once a Scotchman, always a 
Scotchman ; once a Presbyterian, always a Pres- 
byterian ; and when you find a simon-pure born 
Scotchman and a bred- to the-borne Presbyterian in 
one and the same man or woman, you have the 
most indigestible file that the devil ever attempted 
to gnaw. There is no better stuff for making 
character out of. It is one of those hard sub- 
stances that endure pounding and bear polish at 
the same time." This 12mo book is published 
by the American Baptist Publication Society 
at $1. 

The Zenana is a monthly illustrated magazine 
describing the work for the women of India, 
which is done through the Zenana, Bible and 
Medical Mission. The bound volume for 1896-97 
is an attractive book, and forms a useful addition 
to the missionary library. [Published at 2 Adel- 
phi Terrace, London. Price, half a crown. ] 

The dean of Canterbury, 
who has enjoyed exceptional 
opportunity for intimate ac- 
quaintance with eminent men, 
counts it a conspicuous bless- 
ing to have lived in an age 
rich in literary power, and 
a choice privilege to have per- 
sonally known so many men 
of genius. He thinks it is in 
no sense petty or ignoble to 
desire to catch a glimpse of 
the men of unquestioned 
greatness who have deeply 
influenced the age in which 
they lived, whether through 
one's own eyes or the eyes 
of another. The principal 
chapters of Dean Farrar's 
Men I Have Known con- 
tain reminiscences of Lord 
Tennyson, Robert Browning, 
Matthew Arnold, Prof. Mau- 
rice and Dean Stanley. These 
are followed by briefer 
sketches of scientists, bishops, 
cardinals, deans and literary 
men of Great Britain, as well 
as several eminent Ameri- 
cans. Those who enjoy an- 
ecdotal biography will find in 
this volume many delightful 
pages. By permission of the 
publishers one of the por- 
traits is here reproduced. 
[T. Y. Crowell& Co., $2.] 

"Get it and assimilate it," 
is the Independent's advice 
to intelligent Christians, old 
and young, about the Guild 
Text Book, The New Tes- 
tament and Its Writers, 
by the Rev. J. A. McCly- 
mont. This is one of a hand- 
ful of these helpful volumes, 
reproduced by Kevell & Co., 
cloth, 40 cents ; paper, 25 
cents. 



"To young lives everywhere," is the dedica- 
tion of Dr. Charles Cuthbert Hall's little book, 
The Christ Filled Life. He compares the 
coming of Christ into empty human lives to the 
great tides of the Bay of Fundy, covering the bar- 
ren sands with motion and sparkling life, lifting 
the heavy ships, changing the very face of the 
land. It means restoration, honor and power. 
" To the Christ- filled life belongs the power of in- 
fluence over other lives. The smaller self of na- 
ture merges in a larger self of grace, whose voca- 
tion is personal influence. Life, once a narrow 
stream, broadens like the sea. Strong tides pour 
in from fathomless depths, and cut new channels. 
Old landmarks of selfishness disappear, God over- 
flows the soul, which, forgetting in its joy past 
days of shallowness and incapacity, feels within 
itself the current of new possibilities setting toward 
the other lives ; knows without knowing why, that 
it can do all things in him that strengthened." 
[T. Y. Crowell & Co., 35 cents.] 




ARCHBISHOP BENSON. 



82 



THE MINNESOTA VALLEY. — NECROLOGY. 



[January, 



THE MINNESOTA VALLEY. 

The Rev. William C. Covert, pastor of Merriam 
Park Church, St. Paul, writes in the Interior, in 
his usual graphic style, of the Minnesota Valley : 

The saddest and most tragic portions of the young 
State's history gather about that historic stream, 
the Minnesota river. It opened a highway for the 
early settler into the heart of the richest portion of 
the State, on its banks sprang up our first mission 
stations and settlements, and in its valley the final 
conquest of the State against the Indian was 
achieved with a sorrow whose gloom is on these 
lovely valley homes to this day. 

The Presbyterian Church at Redwood Falls, far 
up the river, has the distinction of being under the 
shepherding care of a Scotch earl. Its pastor, the 
Rev. John Sinclair, is the Earl of Caithness. To the 
earldom belongs one of the finest castles and 
largest estates in Scotland. 

Near Redwood Falls, at Delhi, in the midst of 
well-tilled farms of Scotchmen, is the Rev. Her- 
bert McHenry. He has a grand circuit of thirty- 
six miles to cover on Sunday. But he drives a 
pair like Jehu and never misses an engagement. 
The farmers of his parish were suffering for want 
of men in the threshing season, and Pastor 
McHenry put in three weeks cutting bands before 
the cylinder of the threshing machine. He is 
practicing what Dr. Herrick Johnson taught him 
in the matter of adaptation. 

Near Morton and six miles from Redwood Falls 
is the Lower Sioux Agency. This is the scene of 
the massacre of August 18, 1862, which terrorized 
the people of the whole State and did so much to 
turn the tide of immigration towards Kansas. Here 
also is a mission house and beautiful church under 
the pastoral care of Rector W. H. Knowlton, of 
Redwood, and Miss Whipple, a cousin of the ven- 
erable bishop. I attended a communion service 
in the chapel. It was in the midst of the harvest- 
ing, so only about forty of the reservation Indians 
were present. All the Indians of the agency, save 
three or four, are communicants. 



It was the most moving sight of my life to see 
Old Good Thunder lead his old squaw to the com- 
munion table, followed by Little Crow's brother 
and many other aged men and women who were 
present at the awful outburst of savage rage in 
1862, but who now show by life and character that 
the gospel of Jesus Christ can purify and sustain. 
The Indian women under Miss Whipple have be- 
come lace-makers of international repute. They 
recently made a lace quilt for Mrs. J. Pierpont 
Morgan, for which they received §300. They are 
at work on another for a New York lady, which is 
also for exhibition at the Paris exposition. 

St. Peter is the most historic spot in the history 
of Presbyterianism in this State. Traverse de 
Sioux, the former name of the settlement, wit- 
nessed the heroic labors of such men as the Ponds 
and Williamson, and later the Rev. M. N. Adams 
and Father Kerr. Here Edward Eggleston began 
his labors as a Methodist circuit rider. His cir- 
cuit was eighty miles long, and being too poor to 
buy a horse he walked. He has been seen to come 
into St. Peter from his long walk with shoes gone 
and trousers worn away to his knees by his travel- 
ing through the rough prairie grass. 

A ride through this rich valley explains the 
causes of Minnesota's rapidly increasing popula- 
tion. It comes from the farthest ends of the earth. 
A group of quaint Mennonites from Central Asia, 
the advance guard of ninety four families, have 
just settled in the State. Jacob Kroeker, a patri- 
archal head of the sect, with his wife and twelve 
children passed through St. Paul recently. They 
had been traveling since April 12. They came by 
stage from their home in the central west of Asia 
to Smarkand where Tamerlane is buried. It was 
forty days of travel. Then by rail to Odessa, then 
across Russia to Liban on the Baltic, where they 
took through passage. Being despised fugitives, 
they met with miserable treatment in Russia. The 
home mission forces of Minnesota must be 
strengthened if they are to properly cope with her 
increasing and strangely varied population. 



Ministerial Necrology. 

4&~ We earnestly request the families of deceased min- 
isters and the stated clerks of their presbyteries to forward 
to us promptly the facts given in these notices, and as nearly 
as possible m the form exemplified below. These notices are 
highly valued by writers of Presbyterian history, compilers 
of statistics and the intelligent readers of both. 



Billingsby, Amos S. — Born near East Palestine, 0., 1818 ; 
graduated from Jefferson College, 1847, and studied 
theology at Allegheny Theological Seminary ; ordained 
by the Presbytery of New Lisbon, 1851 ; pastor, East 



Palestine, Ohio ; home missionary in Nebraska ; 1861 
reorganized First Presbyterian Church, Denver, Colo.; 
served as chaplain in the Federal army ; pastor, Iberia, 
O., 1866-69 ; in 1869 he went to Statesville, N. C, and 
spent the remainder of his life laboring among the 
freedmen. Died at Statesville, N. C, October 12, 1897. 
Married Miss Emily Hamilton. 
Dorland, Luke, D.D.— Born at Wooster, O., February 11, 
1815; graduated from Middlebury College, Vt., 1841, 
and Princeton (after two years at Union) Theological 
Seminary, 1843 ; ordained by the Presbytery of Rich- 
land September 8, 1847 ; (licensed by Ebenezer Presby- 



1898.] 



MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY. 



83 



tery in 1845, he labored as a home missionary in Jack- 
son county, Mo., 1845-46 ;) stated supply and pastor, 
1847-55, of the Presbyterian churches of Pleasant Hill 
and Lexington, O.; stated supply of Mt. Salem Pres- 
byterian Church, O., 1855-60 ; stated supply Colombia 
City Presbyterian Church, Iowa, 1860-62 ; stated 
supply Bellville, O., 1862-66 ; stated supply Mans- 
field and Concord churches, N. C, 1867-87; during 
the same twenty years was founder and prin- 
cipal of the seminary at Concord, N. C; founder and 
principal of Dorland Institute, Hot Springs, N. C, 
1887-94. Died at Springfield, 111., November 22, 1897. 

Married, September 22, 1846, Miss Juliette E. Good- 
fellow, of Wooster, O., who survives him with three 
sons. 
Hickey, Yates.— Born at Phelps, N. Y., October 19, 1823 . 
graduated from Hamilton College, 1849, and Auburn 
Theological Seminary, 1851 ; ordained by the Presby- 
tery of Geneva, May, 1854 ; served the American Tract 
Society as agent and superintendent of colportage from 
1851 to 1867 ; was editor of Presbyterian Recorder at 
Chicago in 1861; pastor Greenville, N. Y., 1866-67; 
Waverly, Pa., 1868-69; Pleasant Mount and Union- 
ville, Pa., 1870-71; Athens, Pa., 1871-72; by unani- 
mous vote of Lackawanna Presbytery he was appointed 
general itinerant missionary of the presbytery ; pastor 
at Port Kennedy, Pa., 1876-79 ; Macalester Memorial, 
Torresdale, 1883-89; East Whiteland, Pa., 1890-91. 
Died November 1, 1897, at Arlington, N. J. 

Married, at Geneva, N. Y., March 20, 1851, Miss 
Sarah Ingraham, who survives him with three of their 
six children. 

Holmes, Hamilton B.— Born August 31, 1841 ; graduated 
from the University of the City of New York, 1863, and 
from the Union Theological Seminary in 1866 ; or- 
dained by the Presbytery of North River and installed 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, in Kingston, 
N. Y., November 13, 1867, where he remained five 
years, leaving on account of ill-health ; October 9, 1877, 
he was installed pastor of the Presbyterian Church in 
Moriches, Long Island, where he remained until Octo- 
ber, 1892, when illness compelled him to give up preach- 
ing. Died at Longwood, L. I., May 6, 1897. 

Married, at Longwood, L. I., October 9, 1867, Susan 
M. W. Smith who survives him. No children. 

Hubbard, John Niles.— Born at Angelica, N. Y., August 
27, 1815 ; graduated from Yale College, 1839, and Au- 
burn Theological Seminary, 1844 ; ordained in 1844 ; 
pastor, Hannibal, N.Y., 1844-53 ; Dansville,N.Y., 1854- 
57; Friendship, N. Y., 1858-59 and 1861; Belmont, 
N. Y., 1860; Hannibal, N. Y., 1862-63; Lincoln, Cal., 
1867-70; Wheatland, Cal., 1872; Grayson, Cal., 1873- 
77 ; Ellis, Cal., 1878-80 ; Tracy, Cal., 1881-92. Died at 
Tracy, Cal., October 16, 1897. 

Married, February 18, 1845, Miss Margaret Mc- 
Dougal, who, with one of their five children, survives. 

Maxwell, George M., D.D.— Born at Holden, Mass., in 
1820; graduated from Marietta College, 1842, and Lane 
Theological Seminary, 1846 ; ordained by the Presby- 
tery of Cincinnati, June, 1846 ; pastor, Mansfield, 1846- 
50 ; Fourth Church, Indianapolis, 1852-58 ; Eighth 
Church, Cincinnati, 1858-62; Bond Hill, 1884-87. Died 
November 27, 1897. 

Married, October 6, 1846, Martha S. Mills, who sur-. 
vives him with six sons and one daughter. 

McCool, James B., M.D. — Graduated from Grove City Col- 
lege, and Reformed Presbyterian Church of N. A, 
Theological Seminary, 1884 ; ordained by the Re- 



formed Presbyterian Church of N. A., 1884; pastor, 
Sixth Reformed Presbyterian Church, Falls of Schuyl- 
kill, 1883-84 ; Presbyterian churches in Philadelphia. 
Pa., 1884-86 ; Kingston, N. J., 1886-88 ; Camden, N. J., 
1888-90 ; Round Hill, Pa., 1890-94. Died at Markle- 
ton, Pa., July 3, 1897. 

Married, 1882, Miss Kate Seibert, who died 1884. 
Their only child died the same year. 

Niles, William Allen, D.D.— Born at Binghamton,N.Y., 
May 29, 1823 ; graduated from Williams College, 1847, 
and Auburn Theological Seminary, 1850 ; ordained by 
the Presbytery of Ithaca, June 22, 1850 ; pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church, Beaver Dam, Wis., 1850-53 ; 
First Congregational Church, Watertown, Wis., 1853- 
59 ; First Presbyterian Church, Corning, N. Y., 1859- 
72 ; First Presbyterian Church, Hornellsville, N. Y., 
1872-89 ; instructor at German Theological Seminary, 
Bloomfield, N. J., 1890-91 ; pastor Presbyterian 
Church, Trumansburg, N. Y., 1892-96. Died at Tru- 
mansburg, N. Y., September 14, 1897. 

Married, June 27, 1850, Miss Mary E. West, who died 
August 9, 1896. Four children survive him. 

Waugh, John.— Born in Carlisle, England, March 31, 1814 ; 
came to Boston, Mass., with his parents in 1819, and 
soon removed to Pawtucket, R. I. ; took a partial 
course at Brown University ; preached eight months at 
Mt. Hope, Orange county, N. Y., and was ordained 
July, 1840 ; pastor at Sauquoit, N. Y., 1841-55 ; Can- 
ton, N.Y., 1855-69 ; Carthage, N.Y., 1869-78, Cohocton, 
N. Y., 1878-93. This is an unbroken ministry of fifty- 
three years in New York State. He died at Cohocton, 
N. Y., October 20, 1897. 

Married, in 1842, Miss Charlotte Rogers, who, with 
three sons and one daughter, survives him. One of 
the sons is Rev. Arthur J. Waugh, of Phelps, N. Y. 

Woods, Alexander Miller.— Born at Lewistown, Pa., 
July 12, 1831 ; graduated from Princeton College, 1850, 
and Princeton Theological Seminary, 1858 ; ordained by 
the Second Presbytery of Philadelphia, May 12, 1859 ; 
pastor of the Neshaminy Church, Hartsville, Pa., 
1859-69 ; Mahanoy City, Pa., 1870-97. Died November 
19, 1897. 

Married, Miss Mary D. Rittenhouse, who with three 
children survives him. 

Wyckoff, Samuel.— Born in Crawford county, Pa., Decem- 
ber 13, 1829 ; graduated from Allegheny College and 
Union Theological Seminary, 1859 ; ordained by 
the Presbytery of Titusville, 1859 ; stated supply, 
Titusville, Pa., 1859-62; pastor, Second Presbyterian 
Church, Peoria, 111., 1862-65 ; Knoxville, 111., 1865-71 ; 
Peru, Ind., 1871-74 ; Portage, Wis., 1874-78 ; Lake City. 
Minn., 1878-82. On account of impaired health he did 
not take another pastorate, but engaged in evangelistic 
labor, removing to La Crosse in 1891. Died April 24, 
1897. Mrs. Wyckoff survives him with three daughters. 

Young, James.— Born in Lackawanna township, Mercer 
county, Pa., November 5, 1834 ; graduated from Wash- 
ington College, 1849, and Allegheny Theological Semi- 
nary, 1852 ; ordained by the Presbytery of Green 
Briar, April 22, 1854; pastor French Creek, W. Va., 
1854-57; New Salem Church, Deep Cut, O., 1858-63; 
chaplain of 81st Ohio Volunteers (which regiment he 
was instrumental in raising), 1863 ; preached at Jef- 
ferson City, Linn Creek and High Point, Mo.; after 
1872, ill-health prevented regular preaching. 

Married, April 28, 1857, Miss Rosana McAvoy, who 
survives him, with five children. 



RECEIPTS 



Synods in small capitals ; Presbyteries in italics ; Churches in Roman. 



It is of great importance to the treasurers of all the Boards that when money is sent to them, the 
name of the church from whence it comes, and of the presbytery to which the church belongs, should be 
distinctly written, and that the person sending should sign his or her name distinctly, with proper title, 
e.g., Pastor, Treasurer, Miss or Mrs., as the case may be. Careful attention to this will save much trouble 
and perhaps prevent serious mistakes. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF HOME MISSIONS, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic— Fairfield— Ladson, 1. South Florida -Lake- 
land, 3. 4 00 

Baltimore.— Baltimore— Baltimore 1st, 100 ; — Aisquith 
Street, 7.99; — Westminster " M. C. D.," 5; Deer Creek 
Harmony sab. -sen., 4.60; Fallston, 2; Franklinville, 5; 
Highland Kilgore sab. -sen., 1. New Castle— Forest, 26 ; Head 
of Christiana, 2.27 ; Milford, 54.65 ; New Castle 1st (sab.- 
sch., 5.07), 238.43 ; Wilmington Rodney Street, 66.08. Wash- 
ington City— Falls Church, 38.14; Washington City Eastern, 
5.03 ; — Gun ton Temple Memorial, 103.13 ; — Gurley Memo- 
rial, 14.70; — Metropolitan, 67.51. 741 53 

California.— Benicia— Fulton, 9; Santa Rosa, 40; Val- 
lejo C.E., 4.25. Los Angeles— Los Angeles Bethesda, 10; 
North Ontario, 16.07 ; Olive C.E.,2.75; San Fernando, 10 ; 
San Pedro, 3.50; Wilmington, 2.25. Oakland— Fruitvale, 
2.50; Oakland Union Street, 33. Sacramento— Elk Grove 
Ladies' Aid, 10 ; Vacaville, 11.50. San Francisco -San Fran- 
cisco Howard, 5.75. Santa Barbara— Montecito, 56.75. 

217 32 

Colorado. — Boulder — Collins, 1.50 ; Saratoga, 5. Denver — 
Denver Central, 138.15; — South Broadway, 10; Highland 
Park, 14.03. Pueblo— Eastonville, 11.50 ; Peyton, 7 ; Pueblo 
1st, 16.37. 203 55 

Illinois. — Bloominglon— Waynesville C. E., 1.55. Chicago 
—Chicago 5th, 4.15 ; — Englewood 1st sab.-sch., 6.65; Man- 
teno, 68. Schuyler— Camp Creek, 12. Springfield— Pisgah, 
8.24 ; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 5. 105 59 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Lehigh, 2 ; Lenox, 5 ; 
Wister, 5. Oklahoma— Chandler, 3.46 ; Clifton, 2.25. Sequo- 
yah— Elm Spring, 20 ; Fort Gibson, 14 ; Rabbit Trap, 1.15 ; 
White Water, 1.65. 54 51 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids — Andrew, 3.63 ; Cedar Rapids 1st, 
150.18 ; — 2d sab.-sch., 90 ; Fulton, 37 cts. ; Shellsburg, 5.25 ; 
Springville, 8. Corning— Clarinda, 86.22. Council Bluffs— 
Council Bluffs 1st, 41 ; Griswold Bethel sab.-sch., 4.15 ; Wood- 
bine, 31.24. Des Moines— Earlham, 1.02; Indianola, 20; 
Lucas, 3 ; Newton, 11.50 ; Russell, 1.25. Dubuque— Cascade, 
21; Cross-Creek Bohemian C.E., 1.50; Hazleton, 39 ; Jesup, 
10 ; Lansing German, 5 ; Otterville, 10.35 ; Rossville, 3 ; 
SherrilPs Mound German, 13.25; Volga, 23; Zion, 13.04. 
Fort Dodge— Algona, 11 ; Emmett County 1st, 1.60 ; Maple 
Hill, 1.60 ; Paton, 7. Iowa City— Beep River sab.-sch., 1.20 ; 
Williamsburg Jr. C.E., 2. Sioux Oily— Elliott Creek, 3; — 
4th, 9 ; Storm Lake, 9.61. Waterloo— Ackley, 43 ; Rock Creek 
German, 4 ; Salem (sab.-sch., 3), 24 ; Tranquility, 27 ; Union 
German, 5 ; Waterloo 1st, Ware Bequest, 1000. 1744 96 

Kansas.— Emporia— Arkansas City, 60; El Paso C.E., 
3.22; Emporia Arundel Ave. (sab.-sch., 1.25), 6.35; Mor- 
ris, 6.35; White City, 13.15; Wilsie, 4.50. Highland— 
Troy, 18. Lamed— Geneseo, 1.35 ; Harper, 11.06 ; Kingman, 
10.44 ; Pratt, 2.66. Neosho— Garnett, 8.60. Osborne— Crystal 
Plains, 2.50. Solomon— Bridgeport. 2.40 ; Cawker City, 9.50 ; 
Concordia, 66.50 ; Ellsworth, 13 ; Fountain, 5 ; Glasco, 4.35 ; 
Surprise sab.-sch.. 80 cts. Topeka— Auburn sab.-sch., 10; 
Topeka Westminster, 5.54. 265 27 

Kentucky. — Transylvania — Richmond 2d (sab.-sch., 2), 7. 

7 00 

Michigan.— Detroit— Ann Arbor, 93.14 ; Detroit Covenant 
sab.-sch., 4.60; East Nankin, 9; Mount Clemens, 10; Pon- 
tiac, 91.29. Grand Rapids — Grand Haven, 12.46; Ionia 
sab.-sch., 5. Kalamazoo — Edwardsburg C.E. (for debt), 40 
cts. Lake Superior— Escanaba (C.E., 1), 16.20 ; Ford River 
(sab.-sch., 2), 12.80 ; Germfast Station, 1.54 ; Lakefield, 3.69 ; 
Manistique Redeemer (sab. sch., 21.50), 60 ; McMillan, 1.17 ; 
Seney Station, 50 cts. Lansing — Hastings, 5.50. Monroe — 
Blissfield, 13; Clayton (C.E., 3.25), 23.25; Dover, 13; Pal- 
myra (sab.-sch., 11.04), 31.04 ; Quincy, 15.11. Petoskey—Boyne 
Falls, 2 ; Elmira. 2 ; — Parker, 80 cts.; Lake City, 5. Saginaw 
—Fairfield, 6 ; Maple Ridge, 3.20. 441 69 

Minnesota. — Duluth— Duluth Hazlewood Park, 1.25 ; — 
Highland, 1 ; Thomson, 2. Mankato— Brewster, 3.80 ; Dun- 
dee 1st, 1.68 ; Ebenezer, 11 ; Jackson, 5.25 ; Kinbrae, 3 ; 
Lake Crystal, 5; Lake Sarah, 2.35; Shetek C.E., 5; St. 
James, 12.25 ; Tracy, 5. Minneapolis — Minneapolis Elim, 
2.59. Red River— Alliance, 3.50. St. Cloud— Bethel. 1.60; 
Brown's Valley, 6.85. St. Paul— Dundas, 3.41 ; Forest, 3.37 ; 

84 



Macalester, 8.50; North St. Paul, 3.50; St. Paul 9th, 6.17; 

— Dayton Avenue, 46 ; — Goodrich Avenue, 11.15. Winona 
—Frank Hill German, 10; Havana, 6.50 ; Hope, 3.10; Win- 
ona German, 10. • 184 92 

Missouri. — Kansas City — Appleton City, 20.58 ; Jefferson 
City, 41.77 ; Sharon, 4.68 ; Westfield, 3. Ozark— Carthage 
17.94. Platte— Oregon Forest City Station, 15 ; Union, 6 
Union Star, 5. St. Louis— Pacific, 5.90 ; Poplar Bluff, 18.40 
St. Louis Cote Brilliante C.E., 1.95; —Oak Hill, 5.50; — 
Washington and Compton Avenue, 7.35. 153 07 

Montana. — Great Falls — Great Falls Zion Welsh, 2. 
Helena— Bozeman, 43.02. 45 02 

Nebraska.— Hastings — Lebanon, 2.35; Nelson, 28.25; 
Wilsonville, 2.90. Kearney— Buffalo Grove C.E., 3; Bun- 
Oak, 3; Cozad Jr. C.E., 3; Wood River, 10.80. Nebraska 
City— Adams, 9 ; Barneston, 1.22 ; Beatrice 2d, 10.50 ; Heb- 
ron, 11.10; Hickman, 15; Liberty, 1.60; Meridian German, 
10.08 ; Palmyra, 28.50 : Plattsmouth German, 5 ; Tamora, 2. 
Niobrara— Apple Creek, 1.21; Black Bird, 1.13; Millerboro, 
3 ; Scottville, 1.85 ; Wakefield, 26.02 ; Willowdale, 1. Omaha 
—Omaha Westminster, 8.37. 189 88 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Clinton, 70 ; Connecticut Farms 
C.E., 5.66; Cranford, 20; Dunellen, 5.13; Elizabeth 1st, 
230.52 ; — 3d sab.-sch. Youths' Miss. Soc, 10 ; — Madison 
Avenue, 3.50; Perth Amboy C.E., 10 ; Plainfield 1st, 57.45 ; 
Woodbridge, 18.05. Jersey City— Paterson Madison Avenue, 
10 ;— Westminster, 22.24; Wallington Chapel C.E., 3.34. 
Monmouth — Allentown, 50; Freehold sab.-sch., 10.52; Man- 
asquan, 25.62 • Moorestown, 70 ; Shrewsbury C.E., 5. Morris 
and Orange — East Orange Arlington Avenue, 5 ; Flanders 
C.E., 1 ; Orange Central, 250 ; St. Cloud C.E., 10 ; Whippany, 
8.70. Newark— Caldwell sab.-sch., 8.55; Lyons Farms, 65 ; 
Montclair 1st Jr. C.E., 4.79 ; Newark 5th Avenue, 19.38 ; — 
Park, 51.30. New Brunswick— Alexandria, 3 • Amwell 2d, 
8; Lawrence, 50; Milford, 42 ; Pennington (sab.-sch., 12.34), 
61.47; Princeton 1st, 357.08; —2d, 61.75; Trenton 1st, 25 ; 

— 2d C.E., 2.50 ; — Bethany C.E., 5 ; — Chapel 1st C.E., 2.76. 
Newton— Andover, 2.65 ; Belvidere 1st, 4.15 ; Blairstown 
(sab.-sch., 10.54), 191.66. West Jersey— Bridgeton West (sab.- 
sch., 20), 70; Cedarville 1st, 11 ; Merchantville , 57.04; We- 
nonah C.E., 1. 2006 81 

New Mexico.— Santa Ft— Raton Spanish, 11.75 ; Taos, 3. 

14 75 

New York. — Albany— Menands Bethany, 83 ; Voorhees- 
ville, 5.25. Binghamton — Bainbridge, 17.47 ; Binghamton 1st 
C.E.,7.50; —Broad Avenue. 9.50; Mason ville, 11. Boston 
—Boston 1st C.E. thank offering, 52; East Boston, 43.87; 
Roxbury, 32.25 ; Woonsocket sab.-sch., 6. Brooklyn— Brook- 
lyn 1st, 5 ; — Bethany, 31.23 ; — Lafayette Avenue, 3050.40 ; 

— Memorial (C.E., 12.50), 177.74 ; — Throop Avenue (addi- 
tional), 10 ; Westminster, 50. Buffalo— Allegany, 2 ; Old Town, 
2.11; Oneville,2.72; Ripley, 11 ; United Mission, 1.50. Cayuga 
—Auburn Central, 142.61; Scipio, 5.75; Scipioville, 6.45. 
Champlain— Belmont, 9 ; Burke (W.C.T.U., 5), 20 ; Constable, 
11.52. Chemung — Havana, 3 ; Watkins, 214.08. Columbia- 
Durham 1st, 7. Genesee— Bergen C.E, 15; Warsaw, 28.50. 
Geneva— Canoga, 15.25 ; Manchester, 55 ; Penn Yan, 97.58. 
Hudson— Clarkstown German, 8 ; Good Will, 6.51 ; Hopewell 
sab.-sch., 10.54; Monroe, 100; Port Jervis, 34.96; Washing- 
tonville 1st, 50. Long Island— Amagansett sab.-sch. , 7 ; South- 
ampton, 163.70. Lyons — Fairville, 4.39. Nassau — Hemp- 
stead Christ Church, 47.15 ; Islip, 34. New York— New York 
Bethlehem Chapel ( C.E., 10 ; Mothers' Bible Class, 5), 15 ; — 
Central 5 X 2 = 10 Fund C.E., 43 ; — Covenant C.E., 10 ; — 
Faith, 8.84 ; — Mount Washington (sab.-sch. , 5.32 ; for Indian 
Work, 300), 605.32; —Rutgers Riverside C.E., 25; Wash- 
ington Heights C.E., 15. Niagara — Lockport 1st, 29.76; 
Tuscarora Indian, 1.50 ; Youngstown C.E., 6. North River — 
Amenia, 34.07 ; Highland Falls sab.-sch., 4 ; Matteawan, 43 ; 
Poughkeepsie, 66.79 ; Rondout, 47.83 ; Wappinger's Falls 

'sab.-sch., 10. Otsego — Cherry Valley, 53.47; Guilford Centre, 
15; Oneonta, 50.72. Rochester— Brockport, 35.16 ; Caledonia, 
18.95; Gates thank offering, 10; Moscow C. E.,7; Mount 
Morris, 36.26 ; Rochester Central, 100 ; — Westminster, 120 ; 
Sparta 1st, 24. St. Lawrence— Adams, 12.54; Carthage, 22; 
Chaumont C.E.,20; Hammond, 25; Le Ray, 1; Potsdam, 



1898.] 



HOME MISSIONS. 



45; Watertown 1st sab.-sch., 22.11. Steuben— Painted Post, 
7.65. Syracuse— Jamesville, 6 ; Oneida Valley, 4,25. Troy— 
Cambridge, 32.23 ; Schaghticoke, 11 ; Troy 1st, 24.28 ; — 3d, 2 ; 
— Second Street, 1038.42 ; — Woodside, 28.98. Utica— Cam- 
den C.E., 2 ; Clinton, 60 ; Knoxboro, 13.45 ; Northwood, 3.02 ; 
South Trenton, 3.15. Westchester— Bridgeport 1st sab-sch., 
30; Huguenot Memorial, 69; Peekskill 2d, 166.93; White 
Plains C.E. 10; Yonkers 1st (sab.-sch., 20.25), 293.60 ; York- 
town, 30.20. 8128 01 

North Dakota.— Fargo— Milnor, 2.60. Minnewaukon— 
Bethel, 5; Miuot, 10; Webster Chapel, 1. Pembina— Lang- 
don, 10. 28 60 

Ohio. — Cincinnati — Cincinnati 6th sab.-sch., 36 ; — Mount 
Auburn, 31.50; Wyoming, 169.86. Cleveland — Cleveland 
Beckwith, 25.50; — Calvary sab.-sch., 75; — Madison Ave- 
nue (sab.-sch., 11.94), 27.14. Dayton— Dayton Riverdale C. 
E., 5. Mahoning— Clarksoa , 8.50 ; Columbiana, 10.07. Mau- 
mee— Grand Rapids, 11.04. St. Clairsville— Crab Apple sab.- 
sch., 28.90 ; Pleasant Valley, 2. Steubenville— East Liverpool 
1st, 142.92. Zanesville— Newark Salem German sab.-sch., 
1.67. 575 10 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Baker Citv, 10. Portland— Asto- 
ria, 42.88 ; Portland 1st, 180.62. Southern Oregon— Ashland, 
5. Willamette— Dallas, 8 ; House of Hope, 1 ; Lake Creek, 
1.40; Lebanon (sab.-sch., 2; C.E., 5), 15; Sinslaw, 20. 

283 90 

Pennsylvania.— Allegheny— Allegheny Central, 51.72; — 
McClure Avenue C.E., 10; Freedom, 9 ; Leetsdale, 158.47; 
New Salem, 9 ; Pine Creek 2d, 3 ; Tarentum (sab.-sch., 4.37), 
30.01. Blairsville— Fairfield, 43.43; Jeanette, 58.60; Johns- 
town 2d (sab.-sch., 6.50), 34; Latrobe, 75 ; New Alexandria 
(sab.-sch., 15.54), 95.56; New Florence. 13.08; New Salem, 
17.17; Plum Creek, 85; Unity, 39. Butler— Buffalo, 4. Cur- 
lisle— Carlisle 1st, 72 : — 2d, 130.13 ; Chambersburg Falling 
Spring, 60 ; Green Hill, 3.50 ; Harrisburg Covenant C.E., 3 ; 
Mechanicsburg. 19 ; Mercersburg, 50.36 ; Petersburg, 3.70 ; 
Silver Spring, 8 ; Waynesboro, 26.40. Chester— Bryn Mawr 
Jr. C.E., 5 ; Chester 3d, 68.15 ; Honey Brook, 89. Clarion— 
Callensburg, 2.35 ; East Brady, 27.85 ; Penfield, 15.25 ; Punx- 
sutawney, 17.40. Brie- Erie Chestnut Street, 19.20 ; Fair- 
field, 4 ; Franklin, 76.54; Irvineton, 7.86 ; Kerr's Hill (sab.- 
sch., 85 cts.), 10.10; Milledgeville. 1.25; Mill Village, 1.25; 
North Clarendon C.E.,2.36; Oil City 1st, 40.73; Utica, 33. 
Huntingdon — Bald Eagle, 4.15 ; Beulah, 95 cts.; Birmingham 
Warrior's Mark Chapel, 55.30 ; Bradford, 3.41 ; Clearfield, 
45.70; Houtzdale, 22; Logan's Valley, 18; Lower Spruce 
Creek, 12.20; Spruce Creek, 95.44, State College, 31.34; 
Williamsburg, 22.62. KWanning— Saltsburg, 100. Lacka- 
wanna— Carbondale, 264.25; Honesdale (sab.-sch., 20.86), 
603.34 ; New Milford, 13 ; Troy, 34.75 ; Wyalusing 1st, 25. 
Northumberland — Chillisquaque, 4.26 ; Mooresburg, 3 ; Sun- 
bury, 65 ; Washington (AlleDtown sab.-sch., 6), 35. Parkers- 
burg— Buckhannon, 16. Philadelphia — Philadelphia Bethesda 
sab.-sch., 8.66 ; — Cohocksink 2d Street Mission, 14.78 ; —Em- 
manuel sab.-sch., 24.12 ; — Gaston sab.-sch., 10.05 ; — Scots, 
8.65 ; — Tabernacle (sab.-sch., 35.15), 52445. Philadelphia 
North — Doylestown, 68.81 ; Germantown 1st, 1147.21 ; — 
Market Square, 182.42 ; Redeemer, 25 ; Leverington, 25 ; 
Norristown 1st, 112.02. Pittsburgh— Bethany Jr. C.E.,16; 
Cannonsburg 1st, 32.35 ; Pittsburgh 6th, 116.97; — East 
Liberty, 96.82 ; — Homewood Avenue, 9 ; — Shady Side, 
101.55. Redstone— Dunbar (sab.-sch., 4), 16; McKeesport 
1st, 215; New Salem, 7.25. Shenango- Clarksville, 20.74; 
Neshannock, 70 ; Princeton, 5. Wash ington— East Buffalo, 
28.16 ; Fairview (C.E., 3 ; Jr. C.E., 1.30), 12.30 ; West Alex- 
ander, 134 ; Wheeling 1st, 32.79. Wellsboro— Lawrenceville, 
4. Westminster — Bellevue, 23.30; Slateville, 30.34, Union 
sab.-sch., 18.12; Wrightsville, 14.30. 6163 29 

South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Langford, 2. Black Hills- 
Bethel, 3 ; Elk Creek, 3.70 ; Plainview, 3.30. Central Dakota 
—Brookings, 12. Dakota— Crow Creek, 1.12. Southern Da- 
kota—Brule County 1st Bohemian C.E., 3 ; Canton, 4.70. 

32 82 

Tennessee.— Holston— Hot Springs, 17. Kingston— Har- 
riman C.E., 5; Rockwood (C.E., 2), 8; Spring City, 2. 
Union — Hopewell, 4 ; Knoxville 2d, 53.85 ; — Belle Avenue, 
5.50 ; New Providence, 40.33 ; Uniiia, 3. 138 68 

Texas. — Austin — Sweden, 10. North Texas — Jacksboro 
sab.-sch., 1; Miami, 1.25; Throckmorton, 3.60. Trinity— 
Albany, 28.60 ; Stephenville, 2. 46 45 

Utah.— Boise — Boise City 1st C.E., 10. Kendall— Soda 
Springs (sab.-sch., 90 cts.), 2.90. Utah— Hvrum Emmanuel, 

2 ; Richfield, 7. 21 90 
Washington.— Alaska— Hoonah Haines Mission (sab.- 
sch., 5.50 ; Jr. C.E., 5.50), 11. Olympia— Ilwaco, 10 ; Puyal- 
lup, 12 ; Tacoma 1st, 22. Puget Sound— Ballard sab.-sch., 5 ; 
Sumner, 13. Walla Walla— Waitsburg, 10. 83 00 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Ellsworth, 2.48 ; Hager City, 2.25 ; 
Hartland, 2.85. J^a Crosse— Decora Prairie C.E., 1.50; La 
Crosse 1st (for Sustentation, 3.24), 14.11 ; Mauston German, 

3 ; Neillsville, 6 ; Oxford, 2 ; Shortville, 2. Madison— High- 
land Herman, 2.65 ; Lodi, 13.60 ; Madison St. Paul's German,5; 
Middleton German, 1.25 ; Pulaski German (sab.-sch., 3), 13, 



Milwaukee— Beaver Dam 1st C.E., 5. Winnebago— Buffalo, 18 
Couillairdville, 5.50 ; Oxford, 10.40 ; Packwaukee, 10 ; Stiles, 
2.07 ; Wayside and stations, 9.13 ; Weyauwega 1st, 16. 147 79 

Total received from churches $22,029 41 

Woman's Board of Home Missions 11,816 05 

legacies. 

Legacy of Joseph B. Pitzer, Zionsville, Ind., 2000 ; 
John P. Jones, Terra Alta, W. Va., 20; Samuel 
F. Hinckley, Chicago, 111., 33.33 ; Robert Beers, 
late of Pittsburgh, Pa., 7123.09 ; Rebecca S. Frey, 
late of Baltimore, Md., 850.50; John W. Howe, 
late of Rochester, N. Y., 50; Mrs. Margaret J. 
Hemphill, late of Hollidaysburg, Pa., 100 ; Julia 
T. Harris, late of Harrisburg, Pa., 190; Job 
Sherman, late of Warsaw, N. Y., 470.91 ; George 
W. Hill, late of Greenville, 111., 915; Richard 
Craighead, late of Meadville, Pa., 2700; Lydia 
A. Bigelow, late of Racine, Wis., 500; Clarissa 

E. Ely, late of Binghamton, N. Y., 250 15,202 83 

individuals, etc. 

"A friend," through H. S. Butler, 2 ; Rev. A. M. 
Lowry, Watsontown, Pa., 20; Nora M. Lewis, 
Frostburg, Pa., 5 ; "C. Penna.," 14 ; W. C. Koons, 
Newville, Pa., 25 ; Donald McTaggart, 50 ; John 
P. Congdon, Williamstown, Mass., 5; Rev. M.E. 
Chapin, Aberdeen, S. D., 3 ; Benevolence and 
Finance, 18.68 ; Pres. Relief Asso. of Nebraska, 
210.78; C. W. Loomis, Binghamton, N. Y.,50; 
Luther F. Lyman, Cleveland, O., 10; Mrs. Ad- 
die L. Foote, Superior, Colo., 15; Thomas Mc- 
Cauley, 20 ; Mrs. Lyman Marshall, Lebanon, 
111., 10 : Miss A. Loomis, Hillhurst, Wash., 3.40 ; 
Mrs. M. L. B. P., East Orange, N. J., 30; " B. 
G," 100 ; Rev. James Reed, Union Star, Mo., 5 ; 
Miss Margaret G. Muse, Beaver, Pa., 10 ; Frankie 
and Maclovia Whitlock, Taos, N. M., 1.50 ; M. 
H. Birge, Buffalo, N. Y., 100; "Cash, Chicago," 
400; Mrs. Henry Kuhl, Flemington, N. J.,1; 
W. S. B., Jr., 25 ; Thomas R. Jones, Bevier, Mo., 
1.50; Henry L. Davis, Sterling, 111., 3; Mrs. 
Lucy Chapman, Otis, Colo., 141 ; Mrs. Rev. J. J. 
Buck, Glasco, N. Y., 10 ; Rev. Louis F. Benson, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 25; C. J. Bowen, Delphos, 
Ind., 400; Edwin L. Barrett, Springfield, O., 
50; "A friend," for debt, 5; "L. P. S.," 500; 
C. B. Gardner, trustee, 50 ; " H. Neb.," 36 cts.; 
C. F. Kimball, Chicago, 111. , 10 ; Mrs. H. Good- 
ale, Dover, N. J., 3 ; B. F. Felt, Galena, 111., 100 ; 
Mrs. John Berk, Hickman, Neb., 25; Rev. 
George G. Eldrige, Vacaville, Cal., 7.66 ; Inter- 
est on General Permanent Fund, 85 ; Interest on 
Permanent Fund, (Sustentation, 10.50) 95.50; 
Interest on John C. Green Fund, 1022.50; In- 
terest on Carson W. Adams Fund, 50 3,633 88 

Total received for Home Missions, November, 1897. $52,682 17 

Total received during same period last year 98,941 88 

Total received since April 1, 1897 269,319 95 

Total received during same period last year 328,401 13 

SPECIAL DONATIONS, NOVEMBER, 1897. 

Woman's Board of Home Missions, 23.62 ; San 
Francisco 1st, San Francisco Presb., 75 ; Cincin- 
nati 2d Home Missionary Soc, Cincinnati Pres., 
100 $198 62 

LEGACY FOR PERMANENT FUND. 

Legacy of Rev. John B. Preston, late of Onondago 

county, N. Y $1,000 00 

H. C. Olin, Treasurer, 
Madison Square Branch P.O., Box 156, New York, N. Y. 

RECEIPTS FOR N. Y. SYNODICAL AID FUND, 
November, 1897. 

Albany— Charlton, 25. Boston— Newburyport, 6.06. 

Brooklyn— Brooklyn South Third Street, 33.20; 

— Throop Avenue, additional, 10. Nassau — 

Far Rockaway, 20. New York—'N. Y. Phillips, 

55.79. Troy— Argyle 1st, 5 ; Schaghticoke 1st, 4. 

Westchester — Mahopac Falls, 7.28. 
Total received for N. Y. Synodical Aid Fund, 

November, 1897 $166 33 

Total received during same period last year 162 79 

Total received since April 1, 1897 3,008 03 

Total received during same period last year 3,668 16 

H. C. Olin, Treasurer, 

Madison Square Branch P. O., Box 156, New York, N. Y. 



$6 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[January , 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS, NOVEMBER, 1897. 

Atlantic— Fairfield— Lancaster 2d, 1. Hope Y. P. S., 1 ; Palisades, 69.61. Long Island— Amagan- 

Baltimore.— .Ba^tmore— Baltimore 1st, 100, sab.-sch., 225; sett, 15.35, sab.-sch., 7 ; Middletown, 18 ; Southampton Y. P. 

— 2d sab. -sch., 13.06 ; Frederick City, 14.25. Newcastle— S., 7.91. Lyons— Palmyra, 24.14 ; Wolcott 1st, 9.61. Nassau 
Bridgeville, 25 ; Dover, 79.27, sab.-sch., 2.41 ; Milford, 54.65. —Christ, 3.39; Freeport, 22, sab.-sch., 4, New York— New 
Washington City— Washington City Eastern, 5.03 ;— Metro- York 1st, 849.69; —Brick, 3556.77; —Central, 1800; — 
politan, 76.50. Madison Square, 250; —Mount Washington, 300; —West 

California.— Benicia— San Rafael, 65.50, sab.-sch., 22.20. End sab.-sch., 20.20 ; — Westminster West 23d Street, 60 ; — 

Oakland— Fruitvale, 2 50; Oakland 1st, 240 ; —Brooklyn, Montreal American, 1075. Niagara— Lewiston, 5. North 

23.10, sab.-sch., 7.60. San Jose— Watsonville, 55. Santa Bar- River— Highland Falls sab.-sch., 8 ; Millerton, 20; Newburg 

bara— Fillmore, 5.13. 1st, 168 ;— Calvary, 10.13; Poughkeepsie, 71.10 ; Wappin- 

Catawba.— Southern Virginia— Henry , 1 ; Hope, 1. ger's Falls sab.-sch., 10 ; Wassaic Br. South Amenia Y. P. S., 

Colorado.— Denver — Denver Central, 147.04 ; — South 10. Rochester— Caledonia, 18.94 ; Lima, 33.73 ; Moscow Y.P. 

Broadway, 10. Pueblo— Rocky Ford, 16.67. S., 7; Rochester Central, 100; — Memorial Y. P. S., 20 ; — 

Illinois.— Alton— Greenville, 10, sab.-sch., 3 ; Salem Ger- North, 182 ; — St. Peter's, 61.46, sab.-sch., 30 ; Sweden, 15.70. 

man, 10 ; Woodburn German, 10, sab.-sch., 2 ; Zion German, St. Laivrence— Gouverneur, 50; Hammond, 35. Steuben — 

8. Bloominglon— Piper City, 13 50 ; Wellington, 8.50. Chi- Cuba, 25.14. Syracuse— Camillus, 5 ; Syracuse East Genesee, 

cago— Chicago 6th, 469.20, sab.-sch., 30; — Avondale, 32.13 ; 35. Utica— Ilion, 10 ; Redfield, 12 ; Rome, 49.42 ; Walcott 

— Campbell Park, 19.76 ; — Emerald Avenue, 13.20 ; — Engle- Memorial, 50.58 ; Westernville, 47. Westchester— Brideeport 
wood, 31.06 ; — Woodlawn Park sab.-sch., 20 ; Hinsdale, 4.83 ; 1st sab.-sch., 30 ; New Haven 1st, 141.43 ; New Rochelle 2d, 
May wood, 15.60 ; New Hope, 5 ; South Chicago, 3. Freeport— 60 ; Rye, 12. 

Ridgefield sab.-sch., 10. Mattoon— Kansas, 5. Rock River— North Dakota.— Fargo— Lisbon, 5. Pembina — Elkmont, 

Keithsburg, 2.53 ; Kewanee Y.P.S., 5 ; Morrison, 226.62, sab.- 5.57 ; Inkster, 5.51. 

sch., 3.92 ; Newton Y.P.S., 20. Schuyler— Camp Point, 8, sab.- Ohio.— Belief ontaine— Huntsville, 10. Cincinnati— Cincin- 

sch., 2; Ebenezer, 15.43; Hersman, 20; Kirkwood, 32.52; nati 4th, 13.20; — 6th sab.-sch., 10; — Clifford sab.-sch., 

Monmouth, 21.30 ; Nauvoo 1st, 7. Springfield— Unity, 12.22. 2.07 ; Wyoming, 278.43. Cleveland -Cleveland Beckwith, 33 ; 

Indiana.— Fort Wayne— Elkhart, 33. New Albany— Jef- — North, 22.87. Columbus- Columbus 2d, 139.05. Dayton— 

fersonville, 16.75 ; Madison 1st, 135; Orleans, 10.13. Ebenezer, 3.23; New Paris, 50 cts.; Troy, 28.61. Lima— 

Indian Territory.— Cimarron — Purcell, 14. Lima Market Street sab.-sch., 14 ; Ottawa, 6.60. Mahoning— 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Vinton, [80. Corning— Creston, 8. Columbiana, 22.11; Poland, 11.80; Warren, 33; Youngs- 

Council Bluffs— Woodbine, 26.75. Des Moines— Earlham, 1.25 ; town, 23.94. Marion— Richwooi, 3, sab.-sch., 1. Portsmouth 

Indianola, 20. Dubuque— SherrilVs Mound German, 5. Fort —Decatur, 10. St. Clairsville— Crab Apple sab.-sch., 28.90 ; 

Dodge— Paton, 1.80. Sioux City— Pilgrim, 4.25. Waterloo— Nottingham, 64.26. Steubenville— Beech Spring, 5.29 ; East 

Rock Creek German, 5 ; Union German, 5. Liverpool 2d Y.P.S., 1.50 ; Ridge Y.P.S., 2 ; Toronto Y.P.S., 

Kansas.— Emporia— Wichita Oak Street, 10. Larned— 15 ; Two Ridges Y.P.S.,15; Wellsville2d Y.P.S., 15. Wooster— 

Ellinwood, 2.85; Freeport sab.-sch., 8 ; Lyons sab.-sch., Apple Creek, 19 ; Fredericksburg Y. P. S., 5 ; Wooster West- 

3.50; Pratt, 3.88. Neosho— Cherry vale, 14; Scammon, 15. minster, 75.45. 

Osborne— Calvert, 1.75; Smith Centre, 4.50. Solomon - Bar- Pennsylvania. — Allegheny— Allegheny Watson Memorial 

nard, 5; Culver, 12.90. Topeka— Clay Centre, 27.96; Edger- sab.-sch., 4.16; Beaver, 10; New Salem, 8; Sewickly sab.- 

ton, 3 ; Kansas City Central sab.-sch., 5 ; Topeka 1st sab.-sch., sch., 250. Blairsville— Parnassus, 87.76; Poke Run, 100. 

23.90 ; Vinland, 3.36. Butler— Martinsburg, 23 ; New Hope, 13 ; North Butler, 9 ; 

Kentucky. — Louisville— B.opkmsvil\e 1st Y. P. S., 10; North Liberty, 13.14. Carlisle— Green Hill, 3.50; Harris- 
Louisville College Street, 32.18. burg Olivette, 1, sab.-sch., 1.58; Lebanon Christ, 15.27; 

Michigan. — Flint— Bridgehampton, 1.66. Grand Rapids— Shippensburg sab.-sch., 20. Chester— West Chester Westmin- 
Grand Rapids Westminster, 122.09. Lake Superior — Pick- ster, 16. Clarion— Endeavor, 63.04; Maysville, 6.25; Rich- 
ford, 5. Monroe— Blissfield, 13 ; Monroe, 12.67. Saginaw — ardsville, 7 ; Sugar Hill, 15. Erie — Cambridge, 12. Hunting- 
West Bay City Westminster, 66.60. don— Bald Eagle, 7.53; Beulah, 1.01 ; Clearfield, 200; Cut- 
Minnesota. — Mankato— Winnebago City, 6.80 ; Worthing- wensville, 11.45 ; Tyrone sab.-sch., 103. Kitfanning— Sails- 
ton Westminster, 20. Minneapolis — Minneapolis Stewart burg, 100. Lackawanna — Ashley, 47.63, sab.-sch., 15 ; Carbon- 
Memorial, 27.76. Red River— Fergus Falls, 44.78. St. Cloud dale sab.-sch. ,4.50 ; New Milford, 16 ; Nicholson ,8 ; Rushville, 
—Bethel sab.-sch., 4.50 ; Spring Grove, 6.20. St. Paul— St. 3.70 ;Scranton Petersburg German, 16 ; Stevensville,1.67; Wil- 
Paul House of Hope sab.-sch., 25; —Westminster, 19.80. kesbarre 1st, 861.42. Lehigh— Allen Township sab.-sch., 8; 
Winona— Houston, 3 ; La Crescent, 7. Mauch Chunk sab.-sch., 40 ; Middle Smithfield Y.P.S., 5.21 ; 

Missouri. — Kansas City — Salem, 4. Ozark— West Plains, Mountain, 4.70, sab.-sch., 2 ; Port Carbon sab.-sch., 2 ; Potts- 

6. Palmyra— Bethel, 6.16. Platte— Forest City, 20. St. Louis ville 1st sab.-sch., 24.09; South Bethlehem sab.-sch., 11; 

— Kirkwood sab.-sch., 9.57; Pacific, 5.90; St. Louis Bay Stroudsburg sab.-sch., 26.71; White Haven, 10. Philadel- 

German, 9 : Washington, 8.10. phia — Philadelphia Bethesda sab.-sch., 8.65 ; — Gaston sab.- 

Montana. — Butte — Dillon, 8. Helena— Pony, 3.30. sch., 25. Philadelphia North— Ashbourne sab.-sch., 10 ; 

Nebraska.— Kearney— Buffalo Grove, 12; Shelton, 2.50. Germantown West Side, 212.01; Grace, 6.25 ; Leverington, 

Nebraska City— Hickman German, 15 ; Meridian German, 8 ; 20; Manavunk, 25 ; Overbrook, 675. Pittsburgh— Oakdale, 

Plattsmouth German, 5. Niobrara— Millerboro, 1 ; Willow- 121.65 ; Pittsburgh East Liberty, 121.02 ; — Shady Side, 198 ; 

dale, 1. Omaha— Marietta, 12 ; Omaha 2d, 10.85. —Tabernacle sab.-sch., 10; Sharon, 100. Redstone— Laurel 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Basking Ridge, 85.05; Cran- Hill. 39.12 ; McKeesport 1st, 50; Rehoboth, 5. Shenango— 

ford, 20 ; Elizabeth 3d sab.-sch., 10 ; Plainfield 1st, 9.60 ; — Leesburg, 22.63 ; Neshannock sab.-sch., 70 ; Princeton, 6.86 ; 

Crescent Avenue, 9.60. sab.-sch., 50. Jersey City— Engle- Rich Hill, 12, sab.-sch., 10; Volant, 9. Washington— Mill 

wood, 60; Hoboken, 4; Jersey City 1st sab.-sch., 150 ; Pater- Creek, 8.85 ; Washington 2d, 150. Westminster— Belle vue, 

son Madison Avenue, 10 ; — Redeemer, 90.45. Monmouth — 14.92; Union sab.. sch., 18.13. 

Cranbury 2d, 26.30; Freehold sab.-sch., 10 52. Morris and South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Eureka, 7. Black Hills— -Hot 

Orange— East Orange Arlington Avenue sab.-sch., 40 ; Mor- Springs, 7. 

ristown South Street, 1121.69, sab.-sch., 112.50 ; Schooley's Tennessee.— Eolston— Salem, 14. Kingston— Chattanooga 

Mountain, 40 ; Summit Central, 403.45 ; Whippany, 12. Park Place, 4.34 ; Piney Falls, 5. 

Newark— Montclair 1st, 306; —Trinity Y. P. S., 25; New- Texas.— Austin— Austin 1st, 181.70; Fayetteville Bohe- 

ark 5th Avenue, 23.69 ; — Calvary sab.-sch., 30 ; Fewsmith mian, 2 ; Sweden, 5. 

Memorial, 125; —Park, 38.27; — Roseville, 357.15. New Utah.— Boise— Lower Boise, 8.40. Utah— Smithfield Cen- 

Brunswick — Lawrence, 50; Pennington, 7.34; Princeton 1st, tral, 6.22. 

26.59; Trenton 1st, 43. Newton— Phillipsburgh 1st, 17.85. Washington.— Pugel Sound— Ellensburgh, 14.10. Walla 

West Jersey— Bridgeton 2d, 25 ; — West, 50, sab.-sch., 20. Walla— Kendrick, 4. 

New York.— Albany— Albany West End, 15 ; Johnstown, Wisconsin.— La Crosse— Hixton, 10.20 ; La Crosse 1st, 

50; Voorheesville, 5.60. Binghamton— Binghamton 1st Y. 4.93, sab.-sch., 3. Madison^- Beloit 1st, 21.60; Portage 1st, 

P. S., 5 ; Windsor, 10.70. Boston— Lawrence German Y.P.S., 20.18. Milwaukee— Milwaukee Grace, 4.47 ; — Perseverance, 

20; Londonderry, 8; Woonsocket sab.-sch., 7. Brooklyn— 7.36. 

Brooklyn Bedford, 150 ; — Bethany Y. P. S., 5 ; — Central, rm ± imm , 

125.17 ; — City Park Y. P. S., 1.85; — Fried en skirche, 25 ; legacies. 

— Franklin Avenue sab.-sch., 3.17; —Lafayette Avenue, Estate of Robert Beers $7123 09 

33.28 ; —Memorial, 165.24, Y.P.S., 12.50 ; — South 3d Street, " Mrs. M. J. Hemphill, dec'd . 100 00 

35.15 ;— Throop Avenue, 86. Buffalo— Ripley, 11 ; United " Bryce Crawford 500 00 

Mission, 1.50. Champlain— Beekmantown, 3 ; Chazv, 44.94; " Job Sherman 470 90 

Congregational, 14.06, sab.-sch., 13. Chemung— Burdett, " Richard Craighead 2700 00 

7.63; Watkins, 30. Columbia— Hillsdale, 6. Genesee— Bergen, " Joseph B. Pitzer 1997 00 

40.60. Geneva— Manchester, 50; Shortsville Y. P. S., 15; " Mrs. Margaret Tilford 700 00 

West Fayette, 2, sab.-sch., 1. /TwdsoT^-Clarkstown German, " David S. Ingalls 400 00 

7; Good Will, 6.93; Hamptonburg, 6; Monroe, 50 ; Mount $13,990 99 



1898.] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS — EDUCATION. 



87 



WOMEN'S BOARDS. 

Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 

the Presbyterian Church §7813 92 

Women's Board of Foreign Missions of 

the Presbyterian Church 3000 00 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Foreign 

Missions of the Southwest. ... 1100 00 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions 

of the Northwest 500 00 

Woman's Occidental Board of Foreign 

Missions 475 70 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Rev. S. K. Scott, 4.27 ; " R," 50 ; Mrs. Helen D. 
Mills, 30 ; Mrs. Lucy Chapman, 141 ; Rev. C. 
ThwiDg, 20; "A Friend," through Mrs. Ogden, 
11.35; "A Friend," through Rev. D. C.Smith, 
2.50 ; John P. Congdon, 5 ; A. G. Dale, 5 ; Chas. 
Bird, U.S.A., support of Mr. Chun, 6; Miss J. 
E. Hoge, 5 ; John P. Jones, 30 ; M. W. and J. T. 
W., for missions in China, 5 ; Mrs. M. I. S. 
Blackford, 10.80 ; Wooster University Missionary 
Association, support of Henry Form an, 6; 
Ernest C. Benedict, toward salary of Harmon 
Singh, 30 ; D. J. Ennis, support of S. G. Wilson, 
100 ; Rev. J. C. Holliday, support of John Mur- 
ray, 25.15 ; Miss Margaret C. Dickson, 5 ; W. E. 
Hunt, 5 ; Rev. P. D. Cowan, 25 ; Martin Rohra- 
bacher, 15 ; "A Friend," support of Mr. Fraser 
and Dr. Johnson, 83 34 ; "Bronx," 5.50; Chas. 
N. Lowrie, 100 ; W. Graydon, 6 ; George W. 
Halliwell, 10 ; Rev. E. Benzing and his German 
Presbyterian church at Woodstock, 111., 2 • Mrs. 
T. E. Woodruff, 30; M. M. Birge, 100 ; " Cash," 



Chicago, 500; L. M. Paschal! , support of student 
in Theological Seminary, Saharanpur, 8 ; W. E. 
Hunt, 5 ; Leslie R. Groves, 25 ; W.N. Jackson, 40 ; 
F.L. Marshall, 25.20; Mrs. Mary Simpson, 5; "A," 
5 ; Students of Lenox College, support of Chi Ma, 
Lakawn,57; Volunteer Band, Wooster University, 
5 ; Rev. Louis F. Benson, 50 ; R. Binsley, support 
of E. Johnston, 12.50; C. J. Bowen, for India, 
100 ; Mrs. Margaret Bailey, 5 ; Miss Alida Byers, 
for Mrs. Martin's work, 1.21 ; Princeton Semi- 
nary Miss. Soc, for Hugh Tavlor's salary, 175; 
" G. Y. H.," 25 ; Rev. Charles V. Zorbaugh, sup- 
412,889 62 port of John Murray, 15 ; L. S. Jewell, 25 ; Mc- 

Clelland Women's Missionary Society Newberry 
Calvary Church, 1 ; Volunteer Band of Danville 
Theological Seminary, 50 cts.; "A. W. Y.," 7; 

F. Kirk, for John Murray fund, 10 ; "A Friend," 
Wheeling, W. Va., 75 ; Louis S. Carroll, support 
of native preacher, 2.75 ; D. C. Harrower, 12.50 ; 
Miss Gail Gorham, 5 ; M. B. Lowrie, 30 ; W. M. 
Findley, M.D., for work in Africa, 20; "A 
Friend," support of Mr. Simonson, 700 ; Rev. S. 

G. Anderson and wife and Mr. George Rhines, 
toward salary of Suleiman Nussar, 20 ; " C. Pen- 
na.," 22 ; Rev. Samuel Ward, 1 10 ; W. C. Koons, 
25 ; Donald McTaggart, 50 ; " H. Neb.," 36 cts.; 
Miss Lillian Squires, 25 cts $2,940 28 

Total received during the month of November, 
1897 .... 852,163 54 

Total received from May 1, 1897, to November 30, 
1897 228,408 50 

Total received from May 1, 1896, to November 30, 

1896 212,991 83 

Charles W. Hand, Treasurer, 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic— Atlantic— Mt. Pleasant, 1.80. 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Brown Memorial, 
169.93; — Covenant (sab.-sch., 1.50), 3.50; —Westminster 
(M.C.D.), 5 ; Churchville, 10.16 ; Fallston, 2 ; Franklinville, 
2 ; Havre de Grace, 10. New Castle— New Castle add'l (sab.- 
sch., 2.62), 23.12; Ocean View, 1 ; Pencader Glasgow sab.- 
sch., 6 ; Red Clay Creek, 5. Washington City— Takoma Park, 
5 ; Washington City Eckington, 2.55 ; — Western, 25. 

California. — Los Angeles— Los Angeles 2d, 5.10 ; Pomona, 
6. Oakland — Danville, 1.70. Sacramento — Sacramento 14th 
Street, 8.15. Santa Barbara— Montecito, 8. 

Colorado. — Boulder — Berthoud, 5.36 ; Longmont, 3. 
Denver— Brighton, 1.50 ; Denver Central, 26.73 ; Georgetown, 
5. Pueblo— Bowen, 2 ; Durango, 7 ; Rocky Ford, 5. 

Illinois.— A lion— Salem German, 4 ; Sugar Creek, 1 ; Tren- 
ton, 4 ; Woodburn German, 3 : Zion German, 2. Blooming- 
ton — Bement, 14.60; Bloomington 2d, 34.07; Champaign, 
25.01 ; Cooksville, 5 ; El Paso add'l, 2 ; Jersey, 3 ; Mahomet, 
3; Mansfield, 4. Chicago— Harvev, 2.25; Highland Park, 
7.25; Hinsdale, 1.85; Lake Forest, 161; Oak Park, 41.51; 
Peotone, 15.15 ; South Chicago, 3. Freeporl — Elizabeth, 1.46 ; 
Woodstock, 4.25. Mattoon — Grandview, 1.54. Ottawa- 
Kings (sab.-sch.. 1), 4.50 ; Waltham, 7 ; Waterman, 5. Peo- 
ria—Oneida, 8 ; Peoria 1st, 16.67 ; Prospect, 3 ; Yates City, 3. 
Rock River— Aledo, 10.50 ; Peniel, 7 ; Viola, 3.57. Schuyler— 
Camp Creek, 10 ; Elvaston, 6 ; Hersman, 10 ; Monmouth, 
3.88; Perry (sab.-sch., 1; Y.P.S.C.E., 1), 3. Springfield- 
Irish. Grove, 2.73 ; Sweet Water, 1.63 ; Winchester, 4.03. 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Bethany, 6 ; Beulah, 2 ; Thorn- 
town, 5. Fort Wayne— Lima, 9.87. Indianapolis— Green- 
wood, 4.65 ; Hopewell, 21.10. Muncie— Marion, 6 ; New 
Cumberland, 1. New Albany— New Albany 2d, 14.65. Vin- 
cennes— Terre Haute Central, 16.10. 

Indian Territory.— Tuscaloosa — Mt. Gilead, 1. 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Marion, 17.73. Corning— Bedford, 
14.07; Emerson. 3.13; Morning Star, 2.93. Council Bluffs- 
Council Bluffs 2d, 1.45 ; Guthrie Centre. 1.45 ; Hardin Town- 
ship, 6; Menlo, 10. Dps Moines— Dallas Centre, 8.25; Des 
Moines 1st, 4.50 ; — Clifton Heights, 3 ; Earlham, 4.33 
Leon, 4; Osceola sab.-sch., 55 cts. Dubuque — Sherrill's 
Mound German, 5. Fort Dodge— Carroll, 7 ; Churdan, 5.72 
Estherville, 12; Fort Dodge, 10; Pomeroy, 1.59. Iowa— 
Liberty ville, 3 ; Morning Sun, 11.80. Iowa City— Malcom, 6 
Marengo, 6.10. Sioux City— Highland, 1; Manilla, 2; Ode- 
bolt, 7.53; Sioux City 3d, 3. Waterloo— Dows (Y.P.S.C.E. 
1),2.60; Greene, 2.07; Tama. 1.85; Toledo, 6.47 ; Waterloo 
10.21. 

Kansas.— Emporia— Caldwell, 1.28; El Paso, 3.25; Em- 
poria Arundel Avenue, 6.75; Newton, 8; Wichita Oak 
Street, 7. Highland— Troy, 2. Neosho— Parsons, 7.86. Ox- 
borne — Long Island, 1 ; Phillipsburg, 2. Solomon— Belleville, 
1.44 ; Delphos, 2.37 ; Herrington, 4 ; Minneapolis, 5 ; Scandia, 



1.46; Scotch Plains, 1.10. Topeka— Wakarusa, 3 ; Wamego, 
3.50. 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Frankfort, 25. Louisville— Louis- 
ville Central, 49.68. Transylvania— Richmond 2d, 1.30. 

Michigan.— Detroit — Dearborn, 2.50. Grand Rapids — 
Evart, 3.50; Grand Rapids Westminster, 11.83. Monroe— 
Erie (sab.-sch., 8.75), 14.60; Jonesville, 7; Reading, 2.50; 
Tecumseh, 20.47. 

Minnesota. — Duluth— Barnum, 1 ; McNair Memorial, 1 ; 
Moose Lake, 2. Mankato — Easter, 3.70; Lakefield, 1.33; 
Wells, 3. Minneapolis— Crystal Bay, 2 ; Long Lake, 1 ; Min- 
neapolis Bethlehem, 5.84; — Franklin Avenue, 1.80; — 
Highland Park, 4.56; Oak Grove, 4. St. Raul— St. Paul 
Arlington Hills, 1.20 ; — House of Hope sab.-sch., 10 ; White 
Bear, 1.50. 

Missouri. — Kansas City— Kansas City 2d, 63.68 ; Raymore, 
7 01. Pa/myra—K irksville, 3.18; Macon, 3. Platte— Oregon 
(Forest City Station, 10), 15.67 ; St. Joseph 3d Street, 2 ; — 
Westminster, 18.21 ; Union Star, 2. St. Louis— Pacific, 1.01 ; 
St. Charles, 2.50 ; St. Louis Carondelet, 12.30 ; — Glasgow 
Avenue, 15 ; — Lafayette Park, 22.70 ; — Tyler Place, 9.15 ; 
—Westminster, 9.25 ; Washington, 3.36. 

Nebraska.— Hastin gs— Edgar, 6.57; Ong, 5.30. Kearwy 
—Central City, 6; Salem, 2. Nebraska City— (Joshen, 1.15; 
Lincoln 1st, 25.78; Meridian German, 3; Plattsmouth, 3. 
Omaha— Fremont, 12.61 ; Monroe, 3.38 ; Omaha 1st, 16.55 ; 

— Knox ch. and sab.-sch., 7. 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth — Cranford, 20; Elizabeth 3d, 
16.15 ; — Greystone, 16.47 ; — Madison Avenue, 1.76 ; Perth 
Amboy sab.-sch., 2.85. Monmouth— Beverly, 51.74; Colu 
bus, 5 ; Delanco, 5 ; Mount Holly, 9.35 ; Plattsbuig, 7 ; Prov- 
idence, 1.25. Morris and Orange— Hew Vernon, 5; South 
Orange Trinity, 24.84. Newark— Arlington, 9.75; Newark 
Park, 7.56. New Brunswick— Amwell 2d, 3 ; Dutch Neck, 
30 ; Kirkpatrick Memorial, 2 ; Lambertville, 31 ; Lawrence, 
20 ; Trenton 2d, 5.16. Newton— Belvidere 1st, 3.12 ; Newton, 
55 ; Oxford 2d, 6.05 ; Stanhope, 6 ; Stillwater, 3.70. West 
Jersey — Atlantic City German (sab.-sch., 2.50), 10.50. 

New Mexico.— Rio Grande — Albuquerque 1st, 14.55. 

New York.— Albany — Albany 2d, 10.62 ; Voorheesville, 1. 
Binghamton — Binghamton North, 11.35; — Ross Memorial 
5; — West, 15; Lordville, 1. Boston— East Boston, 17.62 
Roxbury sab.-sch., 3.82. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Duryea, 22 

— Mount Olivet, 2 ; — Westminster, 18.93. Buffalo— Alden, 
3 ; Sherman, 10. Champlain— Keeseville, 11.78. Chemung— 
Elmira Franklin Street, 1.20. Columbia — Ancram Lead 
Mines, 1.50; Centreville, 1; Durham 1st, 4.30. Geneva— 
Geneva North (sab.-sch., 10.74), 44.60 ; Phelps, 9.76 ; Seneca 
Falls, 30. Hudson— Good Will, 1.26; Monticello, 14; Mon- 
roe, 15; Ridgebury, 9; Roscoe, 4; Washingtonville 1st, 10. 
Lyons— East Palmyra, 8.60. Nassau— Huntington 2d, 16.25. 
New York—Xew York 4th, 27.13 ; — 4tn Avenue, 22. Mag- 



88 



EDUCATION SABBATH -SCHOOL WORK. 



[January, 



ara— Lewiston, 5 ; Lockport 1st, 15.40. North River— Little 
Britain, 7 ; Lloyd, 6.19 ; New Hamburg, 10 ; Pine Plains, 3 ; 
Poughkeepsie, 12.93; Wappinger's I alls, 1.62. Otsego— 
Cooperstown, 39.12. Rochester— Brockport, 5.40 ; Caledonia, 
6.72; Mendon,6.30; Rochester Central, 25; Victor, 13. St. 
Lawrence— Heuvelton, 1 ; Potsdam, 15.36 ; Sackett's Harbor, 
2.31. Steuben— Addison, 8.84; Angelica, 2.89; Howard, 5. 
Syracuse— Baldwinsville, 3.50. Troy— Schaghticoke, 2. Utica 
— Forestport, 5 ; Kirkland, 3 ; Utica Memorial, 22.38. West- 
chester— Gilead, 11.50: Bit Vernon 1st, 55.67 ; Peekskill 1st, 
30.67. 

North Dakota.— Fargo— Casselton, 11.20. Pembina — 
Emerado, 1.25. 

Ohio.— Athens— Warren, 2. Bellefontaine — Rushsvlvania, 
3 ; Zanesfield, 1.50. Chillicothe— Salem, 10. Cincinnati — 
Cincinnati 3d, 10.50 ; — North. 2.65 ; Glendale, 28.57 ; Nor- 
wood, 5.50; Wyoming, 24.78. Cleveland— Cleveland Beck- 
with, 6.60 ; — North sab.-sch., 4.28 ; — Wilson Avenue, 7.79 ; 
Guilford, 4.90 ; Wildermere, 5. Dayton— Middletown 1st, 
11.73 : New Carlisle, 3 ; Springfield 1st, 27 ; Troy, 8.58. Hu- 
ron— Norwalk, 13.50. Lima— Findlay 1st, 26 ; Ottawa, 1.20 ; 
Rockford, 2.75. Mahoning— Clarkson, 7. Marion— Chester- 
ville, 4; Providence, 1.30; Trenton, 2. Maumee— Toledo 
1st, 45.40 ; West Bethesda, 5. Portsmouth— Ironton, 3 ; Ports- 
mouth 2d, 16.25. St. Clairsville— Cambridge, 8. Steubenville 
— Dennison, 5 ; East Liverpool 2d, 3.61 ; Newcomerstown, 3. 
Woosler— Orange, 2 ; Savannah, 4.93. Zanesville — Frederick- 
town, 6 ; High Hill, 2 ; Mt. Zion, 4 ; Newark Salem German, 
2 ; Zanesville 1st, 20.85 ; — 2d, 18. 

Oregon.— Portland— Smith Memorial, 1. 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny— Allegheny Providence, 10 ; 
Emsworth, 5.60; Freedom, 8; Industry, 1.60; Leetsdale, 
68.50 ; New Salem, 3 ; Tarentum, 9.81. B lairsvi lie— Greens- 
burg Westminster, 6.64; Laird, 1.75; New Salem, 11.12; 
Unity, 18. Butler — Harrisville, 3 ; New Hope, 3. Carlisle — 
Carlisle 2d, 44.19 ; Gettysburg, 5.65 ; Harrisburg Olivet (sab.- 
sch., 58 cts.), 1.58 ; Monaghan, 5.25. Chester— A vond ale, 2.70 ; 
Bryn Mawr, 112.42 ; Darby Bo rough sab.-sch., 10 ; Glenolden, 
5.83; Glen Riddle, 1.08; Kennett Square, 4; Middletown, 
11.40 ; Oxford 1st, 42.77 ; Wayne, 34 ; West Grove, 4. Clarion 
— Brockwayville, 14.65 ; Du Bois, 20 ; Falls Creek, 3 ; Green- 
ville, 3.34. Erie— Con neautville, 3.80; East Greene, 2.06; 
Fairview, 2.83 ; Fredonia, 2.40 ; Hadley, 2 ; Meadville 1st, 8 ; 
North Warren, 2.25 ; Pittsfield, 2.14. Huntingdon — Bald 
Eagle, 8.38 ; Beulah, 18c. ; Curwensville, 9.20 ; Fruit Hill, 4 ; 
Pine Grove, 4.70; Sinking Valley, 9; State College, 9.49. 
Kittanning — Saltsburg, 20. Lackawanna — Langcliffe, 15.91 ; 
Nanticoke, 2 ; Nicholson, 2 ; Scranton 1st, 119.48 ; — Wash- 
burn Street, 23. Lehigh— Audenreid, 10.25 ; East Brainerd 
Union, 23.59. Northumberland — Lycoming, 5.68 ; — Centre, 



4.22 ; Mifflinburg, 4 ; Watsontown, 6.50. Parkersburg— Leb- 
anon, 1. Philadelphia— Philadelphia 3d, 25.21 ; — 9th, 46 ; 

— 10th, 295.64 ; — Arch Street, 109.79 ; — Emmanuel, 7.50 ; 

— Hebron Memorial, 18.75 ; — Oxford, 34.07 ; — Princeton, 
170; — Tioga, 23. Philadelphia North — Ashbourne, 10; 
Bristol, 4 ; Lower Providence, 10 ; New Hope, 3.20 ; Norris- 
town 2d, 3 ; Reading 1st, 45 ; Wissinoming, 3. Pittsburgh— 
Cannonsburg 1st, 11.17; Edgewood, 20.07 ; Miller's Run, 
1.80 ; Mount Olivet, 3 ; Pittsburgh 3d, 420.79 ; — East Lib- 
erty, 24.20; — Homewood Avenue, 4.50; — Shady Side, 
82.49. Redstone — Brownsvilfe, 12. Shenango — Hopewell, 
3.70 ; New Brighton, 22 01 ; New Castle Central, 13.53 ; Rich 
Hill, 2 ; Volant, 2. Washington — Burgettstown Westminster, 
6.26 ; Cameron, 9 ; Cross Creek, 40. Westminster— Marietta, 
9 ; Wrightsville, 6.33 ; York 1st, 68.61 ; —Westminster, 16.92. 

Tennessee.— Union— Centennial, 1; Clover Hill, 1; He- 
bron, 3 ; New Market, 6 ; New Providence, 11.21. 

Texas. — Austin — Fayetteville Bohemian, 5; Sweden, 3. 

Utah.— Kendall — Soda Springs, 80 cts. Utah — Nephi 
Huntington, 4.50. 

Washington.— Puget Sound— North Yakima, 4.15. Spo- 
kane — Cceur d'Alene, 2. 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Hudson, 5; West Superior, 7.29. 
La Crosse— La Crosse 1st sab.-sch., 3.50 ; New Amsterdam, 3. 
Madison — Beloit 1st, 4. Milwaukee — Milwaukee Calvary, 
28.10 ; — Perseverance, 1.34. 

Receipts from churches in November $5,432 55 

'• sab.-sch's. and C. E. Societies 85 19 

LEGACIES. 

Estate of George W. Hill (in part) 915 00 

REFUNDED. 

"D,"20 20 00 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Cash, 2 : Cash, 2 ; T. W. Synnott, 300 ; " S. N. X.," 
100 ; C. Penna, 2 ; Rev. Elias Benzing and his 
German church, 2 408 00 

INCOME ACCOUNT. 

100; 262.50 362 50 

Total receipts in November $7,223 24 

" from April 15th, 1897 33,186 37 



Jacob Wilson, Treasurer, 
1334 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



RECEIPTS FOR SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK FOR NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic. — Atlantic— St. James sab.-sch., 4. 4 00 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore 1st, 25 ; New Castle — 
Pencader sab.-sch., 10; Rock sab.-sch., 4.50; Wilmington 
West ch. and sab.-sch., 93. Washington City — Washington 
City Garden Memorial Jr. C. E., 12 ; — Gurley Memorial 
sab.-sch., 8.04. 152 54 

California.— Los Angeles— El Cajon, 13.90; Glendale sab.- 
sch., 5.35 ; Los Angeles 3d sab.-sch., 17. Oakland— Danville, 
2.60; Oakland Brooklyn sab.-sch., 11.65. Sacramento— Red 
Bluff, 8. San Francisco — San Francisco Howard sab.-sch., 
9. Santa Barbara — Ventura sab.-sch., 9.07. 76 57 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Louisburg St. Paul sab.-sch., 4.80 ; 
Panthersford sab.-sch. , 2. 6 80 

Colorado.— Denver— Denver Central, 26.73 ; Valverde St. 
Paul German sab.-sch., 1.50. Pueblo— Monte Vista, 2. 30 23 

Illinois. — Alton — Bethel sab.-sch., 1; Chester sab.-sch. , 4 ; 
Salem German, 3 ; Woodburn German, 1 ; Zion German 
sab.-sch., 3. Bloominglon — Clarence sab.-sch., 7; Clinton 
sab.-sch., 11.50. Cairo— Anna, 2 ; Saline Mines sab.-sch., 5. 
Chicago — Chicago 2d, 135.22; —3d Erie Chapel, 13.43; 
Hinsdale, 1.50 ; Oak Park, 40.11. Freeport— Ridgefield sab.- 
sch., 1.35. Mattoon — Bethany, 1.64. Peoria— Salem sab.- 
sch., 1.25. Schuyler — Monmouth, 3.87; Quincy 1st sab.- 
sch., 12. Springfield— Springfield 2d sab.-sch., 5. 252 87 

Indiana. — Crawfordsville — Waveland, 4. Fort Wayne- 
Albion, 3.60; Auburn sab.-sch., 4. Logansport — Union, 
1.15. New A Ibany— Madison 2d, 2. Vincennes — Evansville 
Park Memorial sab.-sch., 7. 2175 

Indian Territory. — Choctaw — Atoka sab.-sch., 3.25. 
Oklahoma — Waterloo sab.-sch., 1. 4 25 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids — Clinton, 12.50. Corning — Ham- 
burg sab.-sch., 3.05 ; Morning Star sab.-sch., 4.25 ; Red Oak, 
5.77; Villisca ch. and sab.-sch., 14.10. Des Moines— Chari- 
ton, 6.38 ; Osceola, 5. Dubuque — Dubuque 2d, 30. Fort 
Dodge — Ayrshire, 4.74 ; Eureka sab.-sch., 52 cts.; Fort Dodge 
sab.-sch., 28.91 ; Glidden, 5 ; Rockwell City, 14.53. Lowo— 
Burlington 1st sab.-sch., 19.82; Keokuk Westminster sab.- 
sch., 14.37 ; Kirkville, 3.74. Waterloo — Grundy Ontre 
(Palermo sab.-sch., 7.70), 23.70. 196 38 



Kansas. — Emporia — Conway Springs sab.-sch., 6. Lamed 
— Sterling sab.-sch., 5.38. Neosho — Oswego sab.-sch., 12; 
Paolo sab.-sch., 8.45. Osborne— Colby sab.-sch., 7.75 ; Phil- 
ipsburg sab.-sch., 3.60. Solomon — Fort Harker sab.-sch., 
3.50; Harmony sab.-sch., 1.02; Mankato sab.-sch., 2. To- 
peka—C\aj Centre sab.-sch., 2.07 ; Kansas City 1st sab.-sch., 
5.54. 57 31 

Kentucky.— Louisville— Louisville College Street, 37.35. 

37 35 

Michigan. — Detroit — Wyandotte sab.-sch., 1.61. Flint — 
Akron, 1.04. Grand Rapids— Grand Rapids Westminster, 
13.36; Muir sab.-sch., 83 cts. Kalamazoo — White Pigeon 
sab.-sch., 7. Lansing— Lansing Franklin Street sab.-sch., 2. 
Petoskey— Alanson, 3 ; Harbor Springs sab.-sch., 1. 29 84 

Minnesota. — Duluth— Ely, 6.25. Mankato— Slay ton, 2.25. 
Minneapolis— Minneapolis 1st, 19.73; —Oliver (Providence 
Mis.), 1.91. Red River— Herman 1st, 1.43. St. CloudSt. 
Cloud sab.-sch., 5. St. Paul— Merriam Park, 2.80 ; St. Croix 
Falls sab.-sch., 8.15 ; St. Paul House of Hope sab.-sch., 10. 
Winona— Caledonia sab.-sch., 1.38; Oronoco sab.-sch., 1.45 ; 
Utica sab.-sch., 2 ; Washington sab.-sch., 2.86; Winona 1st, 
12. 77 21 

Missouri. — Palmyra— Glasstown sab.-sch., 2.34. Platte — 
Carrollton sab.-sch., 3 ; New Hampton sab.-sch., 2. St. 
Louis — Pacific, 1.01; St. Louis Carondelet, 4.50; Washing- 
ton. 2.85. 15 70 

Montana.— Great Falls— Lewistown sab.-sch., 12.20. 12 20 

Nebraska. — Kearney — Sumner sab.-sch., 1. Nebraska 
City — Bennett sab.-sch., 3.52: Fairmont sab.-sch., 3.55; 
Meridian German, 1; Staplehurst sab.-sch., 2.45; Sterling 
sab.-sch., 2. Niob rara— Madison sab.-sch., 11.82. Omaha — 
Omaha Bedford Place sab.-sch., 1.72 ; — Lowe Avenue sab.- 
sch., 5. 32 06 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth — Elizabeth Westminster, 7. 
Jersey City— Hackensack, 3.50 ; Jersey City Scotch sab.-sch., 
6.52; — Westminster (sab.-sch., 8.57), 16.77. Monmouth — 
Cream Ridge sab.-sch., 9.66 ; Jamesburgh sab.-sch., 10.61. 
Morris and Orange — South Orange Trinity (sab.-sch., 6.41), 
32.24; St. Cloud sab.-sch., 10.97; Vailsburg sab.-sch., 2.68. 



1898.] 



SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK — COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



89 



Newark — Kearney Knox sab.-sch., 5 ; Newark 3d, 105.28 ; — 
Calvary sab.-sch., 5; —Forest Hill sab.-sch., 9.63 ; — High 
Street, 64.73; —Park, 3.78. Newton — Hackettstown (sab.- 
sch., 6.02), 21.02; Newton, 55. West Jersey— Atlantic City 
1st, 10.76 ; Bridgeton West, 25 ; Banker Hill sab.-sch., 1.50 ; 
Pittsgrove, 7.97 ; Whig Lane sab.-sch., 2.35. 416 97 

New York.— Albany — Albany West End (W. Albany 
Mis.), 2; Rockwell Falls sab.-sch., 6.86 ; Saratoga Springs 2d 
sab.-sch., 20.44; Voorheesville, 1. Binghamton — Windsor, 
5.16. Boston— Lonsdale sab.-sch., 2 ; Newport Grace Chapel 
sab.-sch., 5 ; South Boston sab.-sch., 5 ; Woonsocket sab.-sch., 
5. Brooklyn— Brooklyn 2d, 62.74; — 1st German sab.-sch., 
8 ; — Memorial, 18.36 ; — South 3d Street sab.-sch., 62.65 ; — 
Throop Avenue, 5; — Westminster sab.-sch., 12.55; West 
New Brighton Calvary, 13.50. Champlain — Constable, 4. 
Chemung — Dundee, 6 ; Rock Stream sab.-sch., 3. Columbia — 
Centre ville, 1. Hudson— Clarkstown German, 5 ; Good Will, 
1.26; Monroe, 25. Lyons — Lyons sab.-sch., 7.56. Nassau — 
Freeport, 27.63. New York — New York Madison Avenue 
sab.-sch., 10.13. North River — Poughkeepsie (sab.-sch., 
18.35), 31.28. Otsego— Delhi 2d sab.-sch., 13.50. Rochester— 
Caledonia sab.-sch., 3; Geneseo Village sab.-sch., 9.03 ; Mt. 
Morris sab.-sch., 3.60. Steuben — Addison sab.-sch., 22.44; 
Hornellsville 1st, 10. Utica— Walcott Memorial, 24 ; Wes- 
ternville sab.-sch., 5. Westchester — Bridgeport 1st sab.-sch., 
33.02. 480 71 

North Dakota.— Farg'O— Lisbon, 3.67 ; Sanborn sab.-sch., 
5. Minnewaukon— Rolla sab.-sch., 5. Pembina — Hannah, 
90cts.; Pembina, 2.75. 17 32 

Ohio. — Athens — Carthage sab.-sch., 1.25; New England 
sab.-sch., 2.55; Warren sab.-sch., 2. Chillicothe— Concord 
sab.-sch., 2. Cincinnati— Cincinnati 6th, 12 ; Wyoming, 36 39. 
Cleveland— Cleveland Madison Avenue (sab.-sch., 9.87), 10.31; 
— North sab.-sch., 4.28 ; — Willson Avenue, 2.67. Columbus 
— Worthington sab.-sch-, 3.06. Dayton — Dayton Memorial 
sab. sch., 15.40; Middletown Oakland sab.-sch., 1.67; Troy, 
4.33; West Carrolton sab.-sch., 1.25. Huron— Elmore sab.- 
sch., 2.50; Huron sab.-sch., 13.37. Lima — Harrison sab.- 
sch., 70 cts.; Ottawa. 1.20. Mahoning— Lisbon 1st, 12.68. 
Marion — Marysville sab.-sch., 14.75. Maumee — Bryan sab.- 
sch., 3. Portsmouth — Georgetown sab.-sch., 2; Ironton, 
14.99. Steubenville — Scio sab.-sch., 9. Wooster — Orange, 1. 
Zanesville —Newark 1st sab.-sch., 3.90 ; — Salem German 
(sab.-sch., 1.25), 2.86. 181 11 

Oregon. — Southern Oregon— Med ford, 2. 2 00 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Aspinwall sab.-sch., 2.54; 
Avalon sab.-sch., 6; Bridgewater sab.-sch., 6.35; Millvale 
sab.-sch., 10.34. Blairsville — Latrobe, 4 ; Livermore sab.- 
sch., 1.20. Butler— Scrubb Grass, 6. Carlisle— Harrisburg 
Olivet, 1. Chester — Unionville sab.-sch.. 1. Erie— Garland, 
2 ; Milledgeville, 3 ; Pittsfield, 1.50 ; Utica, 6. Huntingdon 
— Beulah, 18 cts. Kittanning — Elderton sab.-sch., 9.44; 
Glade Run, 7 ; Mt. Pleasant sab.-sch., 4.95. Lackawanna — 
Franklin sab.-sch., 10.25; Nanticoke sab.-sch., 16.94. Le- 
high — Ashland sab.-sch., 5. Northumberland— Berwick (sab.- 
sch., 3.47), 14.47; Linden sab.-sch., 2.50; Sunbury, 35. 
Parkersburg— Buckhannon sab.-sch., 3.60; Terra Alta, 10; 
Waverly Chapel sab.-sch., 15.51. Philadelphia— Philadel- 
phia Arch Street, 13.57; — Cohocksink sab.-sch., 9.75; — 
Peace German, 4 ; — South sab.-sch., 7.45 ; — Trinity, 7 ; — 
Walnut Street sab.-sch., 48.54 ; — West Green Street sab.- 
sch., 9.75. Philadelphia North — Falls of Schuylkill sab.-sch., 
19 j Frankford C. E. S., 2 ; Germantown 1st sab.-sch., 83.64 ; 
Wissinoming sab.-sch., 9.10. Pittsburgh— Crafton sab.-sch., 
33.10 ; Miller's Run, 4 ; Pittsburgh East Liberty, 9.68. Red- 
stone— Long Run, 11.50; McKeesport 1st (sab.-sch., 14.13), 
74.13. Shenango — Hermon sab.-sch., 8.50; Neshannock, 
4.50 ; New Castle Central sab.-sch., 7.50 ; Wampum sab.-sch., 
5.10. Westminster — Bellevue, 9.10; Marietta, 6; Middle 



Octorara, 16.03; Mount Joy (sab.-sch., 7.30), 18 ; York 1st 
sab.-sch., 59.69. 666 40 

South Dakota. — A berdeen— Aberdeen sab.-sch., 5. 5 00 

Tennessee. — ^ToZ^on— Jonesboro sab.-sch., 5. Union — 
Centennial, 1 ; Clover Hill, 1. 7 00 

Texas. — Austin— Galveston St. Paul's German sab.-sch., 3; 
Sweden, 2. 5 00 

Utah. — Utah — Hyrum Emmanuel sab.-sch., 2.25 ; Ogden 
1st sab.-sch., 5.20. 7 45 

Washington.— Puget Sound — Seattle 2d sab.-sch., 3.85. 
Walla Walla — Johnson, 1. Lewiston sab.-sch. , 5.07. 9 92 

Wisconsin. — La Crosse — Galesville sab.-sch., 4.76; La 
Crosse 1st, 3.10. Madison— Beloit 1st, 4. Milwaukee— Beaver 
Dam 1st sab.-sch. , 5.67 ; —Assembly, 6 ; Cato, 40 cts. ; Milwau- 
kee Calvary C. E. S., 8.72 ; — Grace sab.-sch., 8.50 ; — Per- 
severance, 1.34. Winnebago— Weyauwega sab.-sch., 3. 45 49 

miscellaneous. 

Collections per R. Mayers, S. C, 4.13 ; collections 
per C. A. Mack, 1.10; collections per H. K. 
Bushnell, 1.60 ; Malta sab.-sch., Mont., 1.15 ; 
Sherlock sab.-sch., Wash., 45 cts.; Dallas Union 
sab.-sch., Colo., 2; Ossining sab.-sch., N.Y., 1; 
Bartley sab.-sch., N. J., 7 ; Fayetteville sab.-sch., 
N.C., 1 ; Lynchburg sab.-sch., S.C., 57 cts.; collec- 
tions per W. H.Long, N.C.,1.78; collections per 
M. G. Mann, Idaho, 2.70 ; Blooming Prairie sab.- 
sch., Minn., 1 ; Winchester Institute, Wis., 5.32 ; 
Frierson sab.-sch. , Tenn. , 1.50; collections per 
R. H. Rogers, W. Va., 5 ; collections per George 
Perry, S. Dak., 4 ; collections per W. J. Hughes, 
Ore., 60 cts.; collections per R. Ferguson, Neb., 
2.05 ; collections per C. Humble. W.Va., 6.93 ; col- 
lections per F. G. Westphal, Mich., 2.40 ; collec- 
tions per G. V. Albertson, Ills., 2.25 ; collections 
per D. A. Jewell, Mich., 4.80; collections per J. 
H. Barton, Utah, 20.50; Hay Creek sab.-sch., 
S. D., 4 ; New Market sab.-sch., Ind., 8 ; Flood- 
wood sab.-sch., Minn., 3.05; Travelers' Rest 
sab.-sch., Ky., 1.60; collections per A. R. O'Brien, 
10 ; collections per J. M. May, 6.75 ; Columbine 
sab.-sch., Colo., 1.50 ; Lake Front sab.-sch., 
Minn., 35 cts.; Independence sab.-sch., Minn., 
1.04 ; Kingston sab.-sch., Minn., 1.22 ; Clara City 
sab.-sch., Minn., 2.04; collections per Thomas 
Scotton, Minn., 2.05 ; St. Charles sab.-sch., 
Minn., 1.25; Wyman sab.-soh., N. D., 3.33; 
McLean sab.-sch., N. D., 1.10; Dash sab.-sch., 
N. D., 1; South Valley sab.-sch., N. D., 1.38; 
Warrior's Mark sab.-sch., Pa., 2. 16 $132 65 

individual. 

Thompson McClintock, 10 ; Henry D. Moore, 
250 ; "A Friend," 50 ; E. L. Metzger (for chapel), 
100; C. Penna.,1 " 411 00 

Contributions from churches $1,457 89 

Contributions from Sabbath -schools 1 ,526 19 

Contributions from individuals 411 00 

Contributions for November, 1897 83,395 08 

Previously acknowledged 69,615 00 

Total since April 1, 1897 $73,010 08 

C. T. McMullin, Treasurer, 
1334 Chestnut Street, Phila.. Pa. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF AID FOR COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Baltimore. — New Castle— Wilmington East Lake, 62 cts. 

62 

California.— Los Angeles— AXhambra, 61 ; Azusa, 86 ; Los 
Angeles Bethesda, 12 ; — Central, 66 ; — Immanuel, 293 ; — 
Welsh, 38; Monrovia, 72; Pomona, 94.85; Redlands, 175; 
San Bernardino, 52. Oakland — Danville, 1.20. San Francisco 
—San Francisco Howard, 4.95 ; — Mizpah, 2. 958 00 

Colorado. — Denver— Denver Central, 26.73 ; — North 
(Y. P. S. C. E., 8), 16.50. Pueb lo— Colorado Springs 1st, 
Primary Class sab.-sch., 6 25 ; Pueblo 1st, 3. 52 48 

Illinois.— Chicago— Chicago 10th, 5; — Brookline Park, 
4.75; Highland Park, 46.75; Hinsdale, 1.85; La Grange, 
17.10; South Chicago, 3. Freeport— Willow Creek, 22.85. 
Rock River — Rock Island Central, 15. Schuyler — Camp 
Creek, 10; Hersman, 11; Monmouth, 3.88. Springfield— 
Pisgah, 7. 148 18 

Iowa. — Corning — Conway, 3.30 ; Hamburg, 4.15 ; Sharps- 
burg, 5. Council Bluffs — Logan, 5. Des Moines — Garden 
Grove, 4.12, Iowa— Kossuth 1st, 3.16. Waterloo-^- Grundy 
Centre, 42. 66 73 



Kentucky.— Louisville— Louisville Calvary, 5 ; — Warren 
Memorial, 50 ; Penn'a Run, 1. 56 00 

Michigan. — Detroit— Detroit Covenant, 2. Kalamazoo— 
Martin, 2.50. Lansing— Lansing Franklin Street, 4.72. 
Monroe— Monroe, 3.84. Saginaw— Saginaw West Side 1st, 
6.50. 19 56 

Minnesota. — Mankato— Pilot Grove, 3. Minneapolis— 
Minneapolis Franklin Avenue, 5.36. St. Cloud— Bethel, 
1.85 ; Brown Valley, 1.82. 12 03 

Missouri. — Ozark— Ebenezer, 5. Palmyra— Enterprise, 2. 
St. Louis— Pacific, 1.01 ; Washington, 2.36. 10 37 

Nebraska.— Kearney— Central City C. E., 25. Nebraska 
City— Goshen, 4.25 ; Meridian German, 1 ; Plattsmouth, 8. 

38 25 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth — Cranford, 10. Monmouth— 
Manasquan, 12.17. Morris and Orange— Morris Plains, 4.26 ; 
Orange Hillside, 21.63 ; South Orange Trinity, 24.84 ; St, 
Cloud sab.-sch., 9.75. Newark— Bloomfield 1st, 55.31 ; Newark 
Park, 8.67. New Brunswick— Kirkpatrick Memorial, 2. 
Newton— Bloomsbury, 4,32, 152 95 



90 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



[January, 



New York.— Albany— Voorheesville. 1. Binghamton— 
Lordville, 1. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Memorial, 36.72; — 
Throop Avenue add'l, 5. Buffalo— Sherman, 9. Cayuga— 
Meridian, 4.50. Geneva— Geneva 1st, 17.31; Ovid, 14.35; 
Seneca Falls, 22.34. Hudson— Good Will. 1.26 ; Monroe, 10. 
New York— New York 4th, 41.40; — 4th Avenue, 46; — 
Rutgers Riverside, 131.40. North River— Cornwall-on-Hud- 
son,8.27; Little Britain, 4.75 ; Marlborough, 12.58; Pough- 
keepsie, 12.92. St. Lawrence — Sackett's Harbor, 2.30. 
Ste u b en— Addison, 8.85 ; Angelica, 2.90 ; Cuba, 8.82 ; Jasper, 
3.90. Syracuse— Mexico, 18.58. Troy— Lansingburg 1st, 
28.60; Salem, 438. Vtica— Clinton, 5; Ilion ch. and sab.- 
sch., 5 ; Walcott Memorial, 14.02. 482 15 

Ohio.— Cincinnati— Wyoming, 23. 72. Cleveland— Cleveland 
Beckwith Memorial, 6.60. Dayton— Blue Ball, 3 ; Troy. 
8.58. Huron — Fremont, 5. Mahoning — Vienna, 5.49. Ma'»- 
mte— Toledo Collingwood Avenue, 23.87. Wooster— Shreve, 
1.14. 77 40 

Oregon.— Portland— Astoria, 2.47. Southern Oregon — 
Grant's Pass Bethanv, 15. Willamette— Independence, 1.58. 

19 05 

Pennsylvania.— Chester— Clifton Heights, 3.35. Clarion 
— Du Bois, 20. Erie— Titusville, 38.03. Huntingdon— Beulah, 
18 cts. Kittanning— Avonmore, 1.50 ; Saltsburg, 20. Lacka- 
wanna— Scranton 1st, 204.02 ; — Green Ridge, 32.50 ; Taylor, 
3.80. Philadelphia— Philadelphia Emmanuel, 7.51 ; — Pat- 
terson Memorial, 11. Philadelphia North — Neshaminy of 
Warminster Y. P. S. C. E., 1.25. Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh 
East Liberty, 24.20 ; — Shady Side, 33. Shenango— Unity, 5. 
Washington — Upper Buffalo, 9.40. Wellsboro — Lawrenceville, 
2. 416 74 

South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Eureka, 4 ; Groton, 7. Dakota 
—Hill Women's Miss. Soc, 1. 12 00 

Tennessee.— Kingston— Finer Falls, 1. Union— Centen- 
nial, 1. 2 00 

Texas. — Austin— Sweden, 3. 3 00 

Washington.— Walla Walla— Johnson, 1. 1 00 

' Wisconsin. — La Crosse — New Amsterdam, 4. Madison — 
Beloit 1st, 7. Winnebago— Marinette Pioneer, 10 ; Marsh- 
field, 5. 26 00 

Total received from churches and Sabbath-schools.. 32,554 51 

personal. 

Cordelia A. Green, Castile, N. Y., 20; John P. 
Congdon, Williamstown, Mass., 5 ; Rev. Charles 
Bronson, Saginaw, Mich., 10; Rev. Benjamin 
Huntley, Savmouth, Mich., 5; Rev. Charles 
Bates, Sault St Marie, Mich., 5; Rev. J. M. 
Fulton, Grand Rapids, Mich., 5; Rev. J. M. 
' Gelston, Ann Arbor, Mich., 5; Rev. Marcus 
Scott, Detroit, Mich., 2; Rev. J. M. Belding, 
Lapeer, Mich., 5; Rev. Reuben Smith, Grand 
Rapids, Mich., 1; Rev. Thomas Barr, Detroit, 
Mich., 10 ; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, Spring- 
field, 111., 5; Rev. William Travis, Portland, 
Oreg., 25; Prof. William Alexander, D.D., 10, 
Prof. W. C. Landon, D.D., San Anselmo, Cal., 5 ; 
Rev. H. C. Thomson, D.D.. Cambria, Cal., 5; Paul 
and Droxy Lowry, Long Beach, Cal., 5 ; D. W. 
Karraker, Anna." 111., 1; Prof. Warren H. Lan- 
don, D.D., San Rafael, Cal.. 12; W. A. Cotton, 
Nebraska City, Neb.. 35: Rev. J. S. Pomeroy, 
Fairview, W. Ya. , 1; Rev. William Burton, 
Langford, S. D.. 5 ; Rev. and Mrs. M. E. Chapin, 
Aberdeen, S. D., 5 ; Rev. J. P. Williamson, D.D. , 
Greenwood, S. D., 10 ; Thomas Schreiber, East 
Pierre, S. D., 4.50 ; Thomas R Bard, 250 ; John 
Thompson, 500 ; T. B. Kerr, New York, 25 ; 
Rev. J. D. Kerr. Omaha, Neb., 5 ; " A Mother in 
Israel," 5 : S. E. Young, 65.20, L. Flinn, 65.20, 
W. L. Vance, 65.20, W. H. Goltra, 65.20, 
Charles Pneffer, 65.20, J. H. Cummings, 32.60, 
M. Sternberg, 32.60, W. B. Peacock, 32.60, 
William Faber, Albanv, Oreg., 21.77; W. M. 
Ladd, Portland, Oreg., 65.20; A. W. Wright, 



Alma, Mich., 300; Mr3. Gould, Saginaw, Mich., 
10; Mr. Hall, Ypsilanti, Mich., 10: W. T. 
Knowlton, Saginaw, Mich., 100; Citizens of 
Alma. Mich., 8.10 ; A. W. Wright, Alma, Mich., 
300; Rev. Herrick Johnson, D.D., Chicago, 25 ; 
A. W. Wright, Alma, Mich., 300; L. B. Case, 
1.95 ; Music Department, Alma College, 18.45 ; 
N. B. Bradley, Bav City, Mich., 1 ; A.W.Wright, 
Alma, Mich., 64.70 ; Arthur Hill, Saginaw, 
Mich., 100; Florence Plum. Cleveland, O., 2; 
Ralph C. Elv, 3.50; A. W. Wright, Alma, 
Mich., 300 ; N. B. Bradley, Bav Citv, Mich., 500 ; 
C. H. Davis, 250, E. P. Stone, Saginaw, Mich., 
50; Rev. John C. Lowrie, D.D., East Orange, 
N. J., 10 ; " C. Penna.," 3 ; J. C. Salisburv, Los 
Angeles, Cal., 25 33,879 97 

REPLACEMENT FUND. 

M. B. Johnson, St. Peter, Minn., 5 ; Smiley Kirk- 
patrick. 10, Rev. Daniel L. Gifford, Mendota, 
111., 25; Rev. R. N. Adams, D.D., Minneapolis, 
Minn., 5; A. Semple, Poynette, Wis., 5; M. 
Baird Fordham, Wyoming. la., 4 ; Galena, 111., 
lstch., 10; Rev. William Mackav, Assumption, 
111., 10 ; Rev. W. P Kane, D.D.', Bloomington, 
111., 25 ; Rev. J. H. Sammis, Red Wing, Minn., 
5; Rev. J. G K. McClure, D.D., Lake Forest, 
111., 100 : Rev. C. T. Burnley, Hudson, Wis., 5 ; 
Rev. S. H. Stevenson, McLean, 111., 5 ; Oquawka, 
111., church, 2 ; Corning, N. Y., 1st church, 16 ; 
James Thomson, Chicago, 25; Hamilton, 111., 
Wythe church, 7.50; Rev. E. Jamieson, Bal- 
moral, Wis., 5; Thomas Hood, 5, Rev. A. C 
Zenos, D.D., Chicago, 25; Rev. Stanley White, 
Orange, N. J., 5; Prof. Warren H. Landon, 
D.D., San Rafael, Cal., 5 ; Rev. Herrick Johnson, 
D.D., Chicago, 200 ; Prof. M. Bross Thomas. Lake 
Forest, 111., 10; George D. Dayton, Worthing- 
ton, Minn., 25; Mt. Carmel, 111., church, 5; 
Merrill. Wis., West Side church, 16.50; Rev. John 
H. Boyd, D.D., Evanston, 111.. 36 ; Rev. T. V. 
Kelly, Brown's Vallev, Minn., 2 ; St. Louis, Mo., 
1st church, 42.25; Rev. F. M. Carson. D.D., 
Chicago, 10; St. Paul, Minn., House of Hope 
church, 25; Havre de Grace church, 10; John 
P. Congdon, Williamstown, Mass., 5; Rev. D. 
S. Johnson, D.D., Hinsdale, 111., 50; Rev. 
George Swain, D.D., Allentown, N. J., 5 ; Oneida, 
111., church, 10; Mrs. Gurdon S. Hubbard. 
Chicago, 20 ; M. R. M., 1.50; Chicago Brookline 
Church, 5 : Oak Park Division Young People's 
Rally, Chicago Presbvterv, 2.61 ; Fremont, O., 
1st church. 20; Rev. E. W. Brown, Newark, O., 
2 ; S. P. McDivitt, Chicago, 25 ; H. M. Palm, 
Worthington, Minn., 5; Joel H. Hulburd, May- 
wood, 111., 5 ; Robert Tweed, Kimbrae, Minn., 
1; Rev. C. G. Sterling, Madison, Wis., 5; Mon- 
mouth, 111., church, 19.50; Rev. Robert Reed, 
Saline Mines, 111., 10; Rev. T. D. Wallace, D.D., 
Chicago, 10 892 86 

PROPERTY FUND. 

Mr. William Rankin, Newark, N. J., 500; Mr. 
John H. Converse, 50, Mr. D. O. Wickham, 
Philadelphia, Pa., 500 1,050 00 

Transmissions 1 14 

Total receipts November, 1897 $8,378 48 

Previously acknowledged 21,913 35 

Total receipts since April 1,1897 830,291 83 

E. C. Ray, Secretary and Treasurer, 
30 Montauk Block, Chicago, 111. 



RECEIPTS FOR BOARD OF MINISTERIAL RELIEF, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic. —Fairfie W— Mt. Tabor, 2. South Florida— 
Altoona, 1. 3 00 

Baltimore.— Baltimore— Baltimore lst,25; — Central,43.30; 
Bethel, 7.25 ; Fallston, 3 ; Franklinville, 3 ; Frederick City, 
11.25; Hagerstown L. M. Soc, 10; Havre de Grace, 10. 
New Castle— Blackwater, 48 cts.; Ocean View, 87 cts. ; Perry- 
ville, 2.65. Washington City— Washington Citv Metropolitan 
add'l, 50.35. 167 15 

California.— Z?enie«'a— Lakeport, 3.30 ; Mendocino, 16.25 ; 
Santa Rosa 1st, 23. Los Angeles— Pasadena 1st, 36.36, Oak- 



land— Danville, 3.75. Sacramento— Redding, 6. San Jose— 
Santa Cruz, 13.65. Santa Barbara— Ventura 1st, 10. 

112 31 

Catawba.— Southern Virginia— Danville Holbrook Street, 
1.50. 1 50 

Colorado. — Denver— Denver Central, 26.73 ; Georgetown, 
6.45 ; Wray 1st, 3.89. Pueblo— Bowen , 2 ; Colorado Springs 1st 
Ministers'" House, 50; Durango 1st, 7 ; Monte Vista, 29.10 ; 
Monument King's Daughters, 5 ; Pueblo 1st, 4.75. 134 92 

Illinois.— Alton— Brighton 1st, 2.60; Salem German, 5; 



1898.J 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



91 



Woodburn German (sab.-sch., 1), 6; Zion German, 3.13. 
Bloomington— Champaign 1st, 44 ; Normal, 7.85 ; Selma, 10. 
Cairo— Anna, 8. Chicago— Chicago 6th, 92.68; — German 
Eev. E. Bensing's, 3 ; — Hyde Park, 59.05 ; — Woodlawn 
Park sab.-sch., 5; Deerfield, 3; Hinsdale, 1.50; La Grange 
1st. 5.70 ; Lake Forest add'l, 5 ; Oak Park 1st, 45.06 ; South 
Chicago First, 3. Freeport— Cedarville 1st, 9. Mattoon— 
Chrisman, 1 ; Moweaqua, 1. Peoria— Del a van, 11.40 ; Oneida, 
9 ; Peoria 2d, 5.75. Bock Hirer— Alexis 1st, 7.24 ; Edgington, 
22.50 ; Geneseo, 11.50; Rock Island Broadway, 21.85. Schuy- 
ler—Camp Creek, 10 ; Monmouth, 3.87 ; Oquawka, 6 ; Rush- 
ville, 18.81. Springfield— Winchester, 7. 455 49 

Indiana.— Crawjordsville — Bethany, 3; Beulah, 2. Fort 
Wayne— La, Grange, 3.44. Muncie— Hartford City, 8. New 
Albany— Corydon, 3; Orleans, 6.36; Paoli, 5.87. White 
Water— Aurora, 4 ; Greensburg, 22.74 ; Lawrenceburg, 3.10. 

61 51 

Indian Territory. — Choctaw— Atoka, 11.20; Big Lick, 
1 ; Spring Hill, 1. Cimarron— Anadarko, 13.50. 26 70 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Bellevue, 3.85. Corning — Brooks, 
2.75 ; Nodaway, 2.25. Council Bluffs— Guthrie Centre, 11.22. 
Des Moines— Albia, 11.30 ; Chariton, 6.50 ; Des Moines High- 
land Park, 10.35; Earlham, 2.64; Leon, 4; Osceola, 11; 
Ridgedale, 2.50. Dubuque— Lansing German, 3 ; Prairie, 5; 
Sherrill's Mound German, 4. Fort Dodge— Fort Dodge 1st, 
24.75 ; Lake City, 2.84 ; Spirit Lake, 4.76. Iowa— Mediapolis, 
8 ; Morning Sun 1st, 30.20. Iowa City— Bethel, 1.25 ; Prince- 
ton, 8; Unity, 5; Williamsburg, 4. Sioux City— Highland, 
1 ; Ida Grove, 9. Waterloo— Rock Creek German, 4. 

183 16 
Kansas.— Emporia— Caldwell 1st, 5 ; Eldorado 1st, 8 ; El 

Paso, 3.60; Howard, 8.87; Westminster, 1.25. Highland— 
Clifton (Parallel, 5.55), 9.82; Highland, 7.50; Horton, 10. 
Larned— Arlington, 6.09; Hutchinson 1st, 12.64. Neosho— 
Caney, 5.25; Cherryvale 1st, 3.42; Independence 1st, 8. 
Osborne— Long Island, 2 ; Phillipsburg, 2. Solomon— Her- 
rington, 4.35. Topeka— Black Jack, 2.45; Manhattan 1st, 
17.99 ; Mulberry Creek, 4.70. 122 93 

Kentucky.— .Eftenezer— Flemingsburg, 11 ; Lexington 2d, 
168.18 ; Murphysville, 3.75. Transylvania— Calvary, 1.50. 

184 43 
Michigan. — Detroit— Detroit Central, 13.50; Plainfield, 

15.75. Flint-Ca.ro, 35; Cass City, 2; Flint 1st, 34.80. Kala- 
mazoo — Allegan, 3. Lake Superior— Iron Mountain, 9. 
Lansing— Eckford, 8.05; Homer, 16.75. Monroe— Blissfield, 
10; Tecumseh 1st, 18.82. Petoskey—Boyne City, 2.25; East 
Jordan, 18.46. Saginaw— Bay City 1st. 30.56. 217 94 

Minnesota.— Z>uJm^— McNair Memorial, 1.60. Mankalo— 
Easter, 2.60 ; Wells, 3 ; Worthington Westminster, 10. 
Minneapolis— Crystal Bay, 2 ; Minneapolis Franklin Avenue, 
2.50. St. Paul— St. Paul House of Hope sab.-sch., 10. 
Winona— Austin Central, 3 ; Le Roy, 3 ; Oakland, 1.50 ; 
Winona 1st, 14. 53 20 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Kansas City 2d, 94.02 ; Sunny 
Side, 2.65. Ozark— Neosho, 9. Platte— Barnard, 3; New 
Point, 5 ; Oregon Forest City, 10 ; Union, 2 ; Union Star, 2. 
St. Louis— Pacific, 1.01 ; St. Charles, 68 ; St. Louis Caronde- 
let, 13.40 ; — Lafayette Park, 43 ; Washington, 2.85 ; Web- 
ster Grove, 61.42. 317 35 

Montana.— Helena— Helena 1st (sab.-sch., 3.55), 79.31. 

79 31 

Nebraska.— Hastings— Hastings 1st German, 2 ; Oxford, 
3.55; Ruskin, 5.10; W T ilsonville, 4.50. Kearnty— Buffalo 
Grove, 10; Clontibret, 2 ; Salem, 3. Nebraska City— Goshen , 
1.15 ; Hickman German, 7 ; Meridian German, 2 ; Nebraska 
City 1st, 5.05; Plattsmouth German, 3. Niobrara — Madison, 
6. Omaha— Fremont 1st, 13.46 ; Schuyler 1st, 11.87. 

79 68 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth— Crau ford (sab.-sch., 10.01), 
20.01 ; Perth Ambov (sab.-sch., 3.33\ 30.81. Jersey City— 
Jersey City 2d, 51.25 ; — Westminster, 24.38. Monmouth— 
Calvary Riverton, 76.50 ; Chatsworth sab.-sch., 2.13 ; Colum- 
bus, 6 ; Jacksonville, 3. Morris and Orange— Mendham 1st, 
45.45 ; St. Cloud sab.-sch. 11.90; Succasunna, 16. Newark— 
Newark Park, 31.78 ; — South Park, 29.72. New Brunswick 
— Ewing, 15.92 ; New Brunswick 1st, 34.54 ; Princeton 1st, 
240.55 ; Trenton 2d, 4 ; — 3d. 91.50 ; — 4th add'l, 5. Newton 
— Belvidere 1st sab.-sch., 3.64; Branchville, 19; Hacketts- 
town, 50 ; Harmony, 4.86 ; Stillwater, 2.56. West Jersey— 
Blackwood, 20 ; Bridgeton 4th, 5 ; — West. 50 ; Cedarville 
Osborn Memorial, 5 ; Shiloh, 13.39 ; Vineland, 14 ; Wenonah, 
22: Williamstown, 8.15. 958 04 

New Mexico.— Rio Grande— Socorro 1st (sab.-sch., 5), 
6.50. 6 50 

New York.— Albany— Albanv 2d, 16.86; Stephentown 1st, 
5; Voorheesville, 1. Binghamton— Cannonsville, 11; Lord- 
ville, 2. Boston — New Boston, 10.50. Brooklyn — Brooklyn 
5th German sab.-sch., 5 ; — Duryea, 33; — Memorial, 55.08 ; — 
Throop Avenue, 50. Buffalo— Allegany, 4; Sherman, 11. 
Cayuga— Tthaca 1st (sab.-sch., 29.59) add'l, 49.59 ; Meridian, 
5.50; Scipio, 1.50: Scipioville, 3. Champlain— Beekman- 
town, 1.70; Keeseville 1st, 17.77. Chemung— Mecklenburg, 
5; Sugar Hill, 2.90; Watkins, 19.15. Columbia— tentreville, 



1.75 ; Durham 1st, 4.85 ; Greenville, 4.78. Genesee— North 
Bergen, 5. Geneva— Gorham, 8 ; Phelps, 16.31 ; Waterloo, 
16.92. Hudson— Clarkstown German, 5; Good Will, 1.26; 
Haverstraw Central. 40 ; Monroe, 50 ; Roscoe, 5 ; Washing- 
tonville 1st, 10. Long Island — Amagansett, 5.77 ; Port Jef- 
ferson, 14.10. Lyons— Junius, 2 ; Newark Park. 14.55. 
Nassau — Freeport, 12. New York— New York Harlem, 
95.50; — Knox, 5 ; — Morningside, 13.67 ; — Mount Wash- 
ington, 100. Niagara — Lockport 1st, 17.55 ; — 2d, 1.75 ; 
Niagara Falls (sab.-sch., 5.16), 35.53. North River— Cornwall- 
on-Hudson, 11.84 ; Millerton, 8.60 ; Newburg Calvary, 
47.32 ; Poughkeepsie, 12.93 ; Smithfield, 10. Otsego— Hobart, 
10. Rochester— Menden, 4.80. St. Lawrence— Cape Vincent, 
6.93 ; Ox Bow, 5 ; Rossie, 3.86 ; Waddington 1st, 5. Steuben 
— Aimond, 3 ; Andover, 10 ; Angelica, 2 89 ; Campbell, 5.32. 
Syracuse— Manlius Trinity, 5; Syracuse Memorial, 24.15. 
Troy— Brunswick 1st, 4.94; Glens Falls (C. E. Soc, 25), 
137.88 ; Schaghticoke, 2 ; Troy Mt. Ida Memorial, 7.62. 
Utica— Knoxboro, 1.70 ; Redfield, 5 ; Turin 1st, 5.46 ; Wal- 
cott Memorial, 19.84. Westchester — Darien, 25; Peekskill 
1st, 66.20. 1249 12 

North Dakota. — Fargo — Casselton, 7. Minnevaukon — 
Minot, 3; Towner, 3.58. Pembina— St. Thomas C. E. Soc, 
4.15. 17 73 

Ohio. — Bellefontaine— Zanesfield, 3. Chillicothe— Mount 
Pleasant, 6. Cincinnati— Lebanon 1st, 23 ; Williamsburg, 
5.30; Wyoming, 77.76. Cleveland — Cleveland Beckwith, 
6.60; — North sab.-sch., 4.28; — W T ilson Avenue, 2.37. 
Columbus— London, 7.78. Dayton— Dayton 3d Street J. C. E. 
Soc, 10; Hamilton Westminster, 11; Troy 1st, 19.98. 
Lima — Ada, 12.81 ; Ottawa 1st, 1.20. Mahoning— Brookfield, 
1; Coitsville, 2.50; Lowell, 4.25; Pleasant Valley, 2.25; 
Youngstown 1st, 70.65. Maumee— Perrysburgh 1st, 7 ; Toledo 
5th, 5.70. Portsmouth— Iron ton 1st, 11 ; Mount Leigh, 6.50 ; 
Winchester, 4.35. St. Clairsville— Cambridge, 13.81; Not- 
tingham, 5. Steubenville— Dell Roy, 5.75 ; East Liverpool 2d, 
6.38 ; Lima, 3 ; Toronto 1st, 7 ; Unionport, 1. Wooster— 
Bethel, 2 ; Marshallville, 1 ; Orange, 5. Zanesville— Utica, 
8.50 ; Zanesville 2d, 50. 414 72 

Oregon. — Portland — Smith Memorial, 2. Willamette — 
Lafayette, 3 ; Lebanon, 5. 10 00 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny— Allegheny Brighton Road 
sab.-sch., 35. Blairsville — Fairfield, 11.50. Butler— New 
Hope, 3 ; Unionville, 6.90. Carlisle— Carlisle 2d, 85.39 ; 
Duncannon, 19 ; Harrisburg Olivet (sab.-sch , 58 cts.), 1.58 ; 
Ickisburg, 1.50 ; Landisburg, 1.50 ; Middle Spring, 20 ; 
Upper, 12. Chester— Ashmun, 10; Bryn Mawr, 134.37; 
Chester 1st sab.-sch., 15; Fagg's Manor, 40 ; Unionville, 3. 
Clarion — Academia, 3.27; Brockwayville, 14.80; I'u Bois, 
50. Erie— Fairfield, 2; Milledgeville, 1.50 ; New Lebanon, 
2 ; Pleasantville 1st, 30 ; Utica, 6. Huntingdon— Belle fonte, 
64; Beulah, 18 cts.; Clearfield, 12.89; Fruit Hill, 2.79 ; — 
Berwindale, 1.21; Glen Richey sab.-sch., 2.34; Hollidays- 
burg, 23.59 ; Huntingdon, 62.30 ; Logan's Valley, 10; Mount 
Union sab.-sch., 6. Lackawanna— Carbondale 1st (A. F. 
Fey), 5; Dunmore, 12; Honesdale 1st sab.-sch., 6.60; 
Nicholson, 3 ; Scott, 11 ; Scranton Providence, 14 ; Susque- 
hanna 1st, 7.25 ; Tunkhannock, 56.64. Lehigh — Easton 
Brainerd Union add'l, 15 ; Freeland, 5.36 ; Lower Mount 
Bethel (special offering, 5), 9 ; Port Carbon, 15 ; Portland, 
7; Shawnee (sab.-sch., 1.22; C. E., 1), 7; Upper Mouut 
Bethel, 4. Northumberland— Elysburgh, 4 ; Linden, 2.75 ; 
Rush. 7; Watsontown, 7. Philadelphia— Philadelphia 2d, 
221.09 ; —Calvary, 338. 16 : — Gaston, 22.17 ; — Hollond, 100 ; 
— Mariner's, 3 ; — Oxford, 67.84 ; — South, 10 ; — Tabernacle 
add'l (sab.-sch., 50.84), 150.84; — Trinity sab.-sch.^ 2.50 ; — 
Walnut Street, 210.97; — Westminster, 15.15 ; — Woodland, 
182.85. Philadelphia North — Bridesburg, 15; Germantown 
1st, 460.40; —2d, 141.32; Joyland C. E. Soc, 1.25 ; Lower 
Providence, 13 ; Newtown, 41.20 ; Wissinoming, 3. Pitts- 
burgh — Mount Olivet, 4 ; Mount Pisgah, 11 ; Pittsburg 
Homewood Avenue, 4.50; — Park Avenue, 5.25 ; — Shady 
Side, 66 ; — Tabernacle, 38. Redstone— McKeesport 1st 
add'l, 100. Shenango — Princeton, 5.45. Washington— Wash- 
ington 3d, 16.39; Wheeling 1st (friend), 5; — 2d, 15.59. 
Wellsboro— Beecher Island, 5. Westminster— Marietta. 10. 

3178 13 

South Dakota. — Aberdeen — Eureka, 2. Dakota— Hohay, 
2. Southern Dakota— Dell Rapids, 7 ; White Lake, 2. 

13 00 

Tennessee. — Holston— Elizabethton, 3.50. Kingston — 
Chattanooga Park Place, 2.33 ; Menlo, 2; Rockwood, 2.75. 
Union— Clover Hill, 1. 11 58 

Texas.— ^4ms<£»— Fayetteville Bohemian, 1; Sweden, 3; 
Taylor 1st, 12.30. Trinity— Stephen ville, 2. 18 30 

Utah.— Utah — Hyruni Emmanuel, 3.75. 3 75 

Washington.— Olympia—Centralia 1st, 4. Puget Sound— 
North Yakima, 3.60 ; Seattle 1st, 27. Spokane— Spokane Cen- 
tenary, 10. Walla Walla— Johnson, 1. 45 60 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa— West Superior 1st, 9.58. La 
Cros.se— Mauston German, 2 ; New Amsterdam, 5. Madison 
— Beloit 1st, 4; — German, 7 ; Kilbourne, 9 ; Portage 1st, 
3.20; Prairie du Sac, 8.13. Milwaukee— Cedar Grove, 14; 



92 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF — MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY. 



[January, 



Milwaukee Perseverance, 1.34; Somers, 8; Stone Bank, 40 
cte. Winnebago— Marinette Pioneer, 10. 81 65 



Total from the churches and Sabbath-schools 88,210 70 



INDIVIDUALS. 

Mrs. Mary E. Lane, Batavia, X. Y., 2 ; Julia E. S. 
Hamilton, Bellevue, Neb., 1 ; John P. Jones, 
Terra Alta, W. Ya., 10; Rev. B. F. Russell, 
Blackstock, S. G, 1; Miss M. E. Jacobs, Fort 
Wayne, Ind., 5; "Cash," Pnila., 1; "Not a 
Church Member," 100; Mrs. C. H. Bissell, Silver 
Cliff, Colo., 1 ; Rev. and Mrs. E. W. Brown, 
Newark, O., 5; Rev. B. L. Agnew, D.D.. Phila., 
20; Mrs. G. A. Wells, Indianapolis, Ind., 5; 
Mrs. A. Smith, Germantown, Pa., 11 ; Miss 
Emma S. Farr, Phila., 25 ; Mrs. Ida H. Collins, 
An Sable, Mich., 5 ; Mrs. C. M. Mather, N. York, 
10 : R. J. Moor, Letts, Ind., 5 ; Mrs. Mary V. 
Welles, Omaha, Neb., 2; Miss Kate Flavel, 
Astoria, Oregon, 25 ; " S. E. M.." 10 ; Anna W. 
Ludlow, Hartshorne, I. T., 5 ; C. D. Wvckoff, 
Penn Yan. N. Y., 3 ; Mrs. M. F. Clift, Pasadena, 
Cal., 2 ; " Cash," 10 ; A. H. Hartshorne, Newark, 
N. J., 5; W. R. McFarlane, Knappa, Oreg., 5 ; 
Miss Caroline Pearson. Harrisburg, Pa., 50; 
Margaretta Dickev. Phila., Pa., 50cts.; Mrs. E. 
J. Burghardt, Washington. D. C, 5; W. F. 
Buel, Brooklyn, N. Y..5; Rev. Joseph Green- 
leaf, Washingtonville, N. Y., 5; "W. H. B.." 
15: "B. A. E.," 1 ; Rev. and Mrs. George T. 
Crissman, Denver, Colo., 5 ; " Three friends in 
Lima," Ind.," 30; Rev. and Mrs. Y. M. King, 
Emporia, Kans., 2; Rev. Wm. P. Koutz, Cutler, 



Ind., 5 ; Rev. Geo. A. Little, Hamilton, 111., 5 ; 
T. W. Osborn, Brooklyn, N. Y., 3; "J.," 
Phila., 5; Gilbert L. Hicks, Alauson, Mich., 
3 : Mrs. Mary T. Long, Marshfield, Mo., 2 ; "C. 
Penna.," 6; Mrs. G. S. Jonett, Washington, 
D. C, 5; Rev. W. E. Honeyman, Plainfield, 
N. J., 5; "H.," Neb., 36 cts.; Miss Catherine 
Roseboom, Cherry Yallev, N. Y., 27.50; Martin 

Hoover, Riverside, Cal., 10 $469 36 

Interest from investments 2,366 98 

" " Roger Sherman Fund 86 00 

" " Bank Deposits 680 05 

Total §11,813 09 

Unrestricted legacies 95 00 

Total 811.90S 09 



PERMANENT FUND. 

(Interest only used. ) 

Legacy of Mrs. LydiaN. Bigelow, Racine, Wis 500 00 

Total receipts in November, 1897 §12,408 09 

Total for current fund since April 1, 1897 $81,399 87 

" " " " same period last year 80,93195 

Increase §467 92 



W. W. Heberton, Treasurer, 
1334 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 



Officer and Ageijcie? of the general A^emblfl. 



CLERKS 



Stated Clerk and Treasurer— Rex. William IT. Roberts, D.D., 
LL.D. All correspondence on the general business of 
the Assembly should be addressed to the Stated Clerk, 
No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Permanent Clerk— Rev. William E. Moore, D.D., LL.D., 
Columbus, Ohio. 



TRUSTEES. 

President— George Junkin, Esq., LL.D. 
Treasurer— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street. 
Recording Secretary— Jacob Wilsou. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



BOARDS. 



1. Home Missions, Sustentation. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rex. William C. Roberts, D.D., LL.D., and Rev. Duncan J. McMillan, D.D. 

Treasurer— Harvey C. Olin. Recording Secretary— Oscar E. Boyd. 

Superintendent of Schools— Rev. G. F. McAfee. 

Secretary of Young People's Department— Miss E. M. Wishard. 

Office— Presbyterian Buildiug, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. Address all mail, Box 156 
Madisou Square Branch. 

Letters relating to missionary appointments and other operations of the Board should be addressed to the 
Corresponding Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the finaucial affairs of the Board, containing remittances of money or requests for 
reduced railroad rates, should be addressed to the Treasurer. 

Applications for aid from churches should be addressed to the Recording Secretary. 

Applications of teachers, and letters relating to the School Department, should be addressed to the 
Superintendent of School*. 

Correspondence of Young People's Societies should be addressed to the Secretary of Young People's Depart- 
ment. 

2. Foreign Missions. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rev. Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D. ; Rev. John Gillespie, D.D. ; Mr. Robert E. Speer 

and Rev. Arthur J. Brown, D.D. 
Treasurer— Charles W. Hand. 
Secretary Emeritus— Rev. John C. Lowrie, D.D. 
Field Secretary— Rev. Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, 111. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the missions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, should be sent 
to Charles W. Hand, Treasurer. 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of §30, and of honorary directorship on receipt 
of $100. 

Persons sending packages for shipment to missionaries should state the contents aud value. There are no 
specified days for shipping goods. Send packages to the Presbyterian Building as soon as they are ready. Ad- 
dress the Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions. 

The postage on letters to all our mission stations, except those in Mexico, is 5 cents for each half ounce or 
fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents for each half ounce. 

3. Education. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward B. Hodge, D.D. Treasurer— Jacob Wilson. 
Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Publication and Sabbath=schooI Work. 

Secretary— Her. Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D. 

Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work— Tier. James A. Worden, D.D. 
Editorial Superintendent— Rev. J. R. Miller, D.D. Business Superintendent— John H. Scribner. 
Manufacturer— Henry F. Scheetz. Treasurer— Rev. C. T. McMullin. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publication and com- 
munications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school Library books and the periodicals, should be 
addressed to the Rev. E. R. Craven, D.D., Secretary. 

Presbyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath-school and Missionary work, to grants of 
the Board's publications, to the appointment of Sabbath-school missionaries, and all communications of mis- 
sionaries, to the Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work. 

All manuscripts for Sabbath-school books, the Westminster Teacher and the other periodicals, and all 
letters concerning the same, to the Editorial Superintendent. 

Business correspondence and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-school missionaries, to 
John il. Scribneb, Business Superintendent. 

Remittances of money and contributions, to the Rev. C. T. McMullin, Treasurer. 

5. Church Erection. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Erskine N. White, D.D. Treasurer— Adam Campbell. 
Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 150 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 



6. Ministerial Relief. 

Onrespohding Secretary— Rev. Benjamin L. Asnew, DD. 
Treasurer and Recording Secretary— Rex. William \\. Heberton. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

7. Freedmen. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward P. Cowan, D.D. 
Recording Secretary— Rex. Samuel J. Fisher, D.D. 
Treasurer— Rev. John J. Beacom, D.D. 

Office-516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

8. Aid for Colleges and Academies. 

Secretary— Hex. Edward C. Ray, D.D. 
Treasurer— Rev. Edward C. Ray, D.D. 

Office— Room 30, Montauk Block, No. 115 Monroe Street, Chicago, 111. 



COMMITTEES, ETC. 



Committee on Systematic Beneficence. 

Chairman— Hex. W. H. Hubbard, Auburn, N. Y. 

Secretary— Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, 56 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Committee on Temperance. 

Chairman— Rev. John J. Beacom, D.D., 516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rex. John F. Hill, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Recording Secretary— George Irwin (P. O. Box 14), Allegheny, Pa. 
Treasurer— Rex. James Allison, D.D., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Presbyterian Historical Society. 

President— Rev. W. C. Cattell, D.D., LL.D. 

Librarian— Rex. W. L. Ledwitb, D.D., 1531 Tioga Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rex . Samuel T. Lowrie, D.D., 1827 Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Recording Secretary—Rex. James Price, 107 E. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Treasurer— DeB. K. Ludwig, Ph.D., 3739 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Treasurers of Sy nodical Home Missions and Sustentation. 

New Jersey— Son. William M. Lanning, Trenton, N. J. 
New York— Harvey C C0in ; 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
Pennsylvania— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa 
Baltimore— D.C Ammidon, 31 South Frederick Street, Baltimore, Md. 



BEQUESTS OR DEVISES. 

In the preparation of Wills care should be taken to insert the Corporate Name, as known and recognized in the 
Courts of Law . Bequests or Devises for the 

General Assembly should be made to " The Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States of America." 

Board of Home Missions— to " The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of 
America, incorporated April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board of Foreign Missions— to " The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of Church Erection— to " The Board of the Church Erection Fund of the General Assembly of the Presbyte- 
rian Church in the United States of America, incorporated March 27, 1871, by the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board of Publication and Sabbath-school Work— to "The Trustees of the Presbyterian Board of Publication 
and Sabbath-school Work." 

Board of Education— to " The Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America." 

Board of Relief— to " The Presbyterian Board of Relief for Disabled Ministers and the Widows and Orphans of 
Deceased Ministers." 

Board of Freedmen— to " The Board of Missions for Freedmen of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of ^Jid for Colleges— to " The Presbyterian Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies." 

N.B.— Real Estate devised by will should be carefully described. 



ADVEKTISEMENTS. 



Headache 

Horsford's Acid Phosphate. 

This preparation by its action 
in promoting digestion, and as a 
nerve food, tends to prevent and 
alleviate the headache arising from 
a disordered stomach, or that of a 



nervous origin. 

o 



Dr. F. A. Roberts, Waterville, Me., says : 
" Have found it of great benefit in nervous 

headache, nervous dyspepsia and neuralgia ; 

and think it is giving great satisfaction when it 

is thoroughly tried." 



Descriptive pamphlet free on application to 
Rumford Chemical Works, Providence, "R. I. 

For sale by all Druggists. 

Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 



— The Belgian Missionary church has grown 
during the past ten years. The number of 
churches and stations has risen from twenty six 
to fifty-four, and that of pastors from seventeen 
to thirty, and during the decade nineteen new 
places of worship have been built or purchased. 

— We recognize much that is good and true in 
the heathen religious systems, and we need not 
disparage them in order to magnify Christ, for 
when all that is best in others has been acknowl- 
edged, Christ still stands in lovely and preeminent 
grandeur. More than that, we must widen our 
conception of Jesus to see him as the source of all 
this excellence. We no longer dream of saying with 
Augustine that the virtues of the heathen are only 
splendid vices ; instead of that, their virtues, and 
the elements of truth and goodness in their relig- 
ions, may help to give us worthier views of him 
who is ' ' the light that lighteth every man that 
cometh into the world." In the loftiest ideals 
and best efforts of the heathen we recognize an in- 
articulate desire to see Jesus, and we would re- 
spond to it in the spirit of Paul's message to the 
Athenians, ' ' Whom ye ignorantly worship, him 
declare I unto you." The study of comparative 
religion should not weaken in the least the fervor 
of our efforts to preach among the heathen Christ 
and him crucified, but it should help to enlarge our 
conception of Christ himself, who, in ways that 
we know not, shall fulfill his own promise, " They 
shall come from the east and from the west, and 
from the north and from the south, and shall sit 
down in the kingdom of God. ' ' — Rev. Prof. D. M. 
Gordon, D.D. 




J. B 



We acknowledge Y 



no competitors. 
Our Stereopticons 
and Single Lanterns 
are unexcelled for 
Church, Sunday 
School and 
Class Room work. 
Catalogues free. 



COLT & CO., 
115=117 Nassau Street, 
New York. 




has the largest sale 
of any safety pin 
made, because of its 
many points of ab- 
solute superiority, 
which are as fol- 
lows: 

1st. They have a 
perfect guard that pre- 
vents cloth catching in 
the coil. 

2d. They are made 
of tempered brass, and 
do not bend. 

3d. They are super- 
nickeled and never 
turn brassy. 
4th. They can be hooked and unhooked from 
either side, a great convenience. 

BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. 
Made In Nickel Plate, Black, Rolled Gold 
and Merlins Silver. 
pf.pp on receipt of stamp for postage, samples 
1 * cc of our Clinton Safety Pin, our new 
"Sovran" pin and a pretty colored animal Dook 
for the children. 




If 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



The native peoples of Liberia are nearly all of 
them accessible to the gospel. Mohammedanism 
is making rapid inroads among them, and the most 
significant fact in connection with the evangeliza- 
tion of Africa is that there are more native pagans 
being Mohammedanized every year than there are 
being Christianized. Mohammedans have their 
schools side by side of our stations near Monrovia. 
I sent for two different teachers and asked them 
to bring their scholars with them, and with the 
aid of Dr. Blyden as an interpreter I studied their 
methods. The teacher sits on the ground, and his 
scholars sit in a semicircle in front, with their 
faces toward him. His book is made up of loose 
leaves on which are written in beautiful Arabic 
quotations from the Koran, Mohammedan history, 
law and poetry. The teacher intones a sentence, 
and all the students repeat it after him over and 
over, again and again, until the lesson is perma- 
nently fixed in the students' minds. There are 
thousands of these teachers throughout Mohamme- 
dan Africa, who live among the people and re- 
ceive nothing for their labors. Give them the lan- 
guage, with the religion of Christ, and send them 
out in the same way to teach the Holy Bible, and 
who can doubt the results? — Bishop Hartzell in 
Christian Advocate. 



\ft/ARREN fl-flAYES 

Architect- 

? AlNNEAPOUS* 

r5§sr 




no** 




Buckeye Bell Foundry? 

E.W.Tanduien t'o.Cinei nnat i.Oliio. i 

■SESfir Church Bells & Chimes.' 

Highest Grade, Pure Tone Westminster 
Bells. Pounders of Largest Bell in America. 

Mention this Magazine. 



Bl %#M«Vgn jgg^ TJ17LIEE0TEE2 BELLS 
L.TIVIT fclt ZggVsWEETEB, MOEE EU3- 
/s UMD ALj **Hm B ABLE, L077EB PEICE. 
UnUKV/n ^^CUBFEEE CATALOGUE 
BIiIjS.^^ TELLS WHY. 
to Cincinnati Bell Foundry Co., Cincinnati, 0. 



OPIUM 

J. JL. STEPHENS, M. !>., 



Jlorpliine habit 

cured in lO to 20 
days. 30.000 cases 
cured. Book of tes- 
timonials free. No 
Pay till tared. 
Lebanon, Ohio. 



Jas. Godfrey Wilson, 

PATENTEE AND MANUFACTURER, 

74 WEST 23d ST., NEW YORK. 

Send three iwo-cent stamps for Illustrated Catalogue. 
Stamps not necessary if you mention THIS Magazine. 




Rollin g Partitions 

J ^^^^^^^^*"~'^ for dividing Church and 

School Buildings. Sound-proof and air-tight. Made also 
with Blackboard Surface. They are a marvelous con- 
venience, easily operated, very durable and do not get out 
of order. Also made to roll vertically. Over 2000 Churches 
and many Public Schools are using them. 

VENETIAN BLINDS IN ALL WOODS. 

Ctymtian 
£vainiti% Couv&t. 



Biblical, Historical, 
Missionary. 



FOR 



Tgoung (peopfe's §bocxditB 

AND OTHER 

CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS. 

Commended by the General Assembly and by many of 
the Presbyteries. 



(Requtreb (Reabtngi 

FOR 1897-98. 

Our Sixty-six Sacred Books 40c. 

The Presbyterian Churches 25c. 

The Church at Home and Abroad, one 

year $1.00 

Sent postpaid by the 

PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION, 
PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 

JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 
Charles A. Dickey, D.D., John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 

Warner Van Norden, Esq., Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, Henry T. McEwen, D.D., William C. Roberts, D.D. 

Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



D. J. McMillan, D.D., 
F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D. 
Edward B. Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
E. C. Ray, D.D. 



[Each of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found in the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.! 



Contents 



Current Events and the Kingdom, . . . 97 

Editorial Notes, 99 

The Church Session and Benevolent Offer- 
ings, Wm. H Roberts, D.D., . . .101 
Evangelistic Missions (three illustrations), 

F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., . . . .103 
A Funeral in China, Rev. F. H. Chalfant, . 106 
FREEDMEN.— Young People's Societies— 
Dr. Sanders and his Mother (with por- 
trait) — Rev. W. F. Brooks, D.D. — A 
Fourfold Work (with illustration), . . 108 
FOREIGN MISSIONS.— Notes, . . .111 
Sixty Successful Years— How the Debt was 

Raised, 113 

Behind a Veil, Mrs. Robert E. Speer, . . 114 
Missions in the First Century and in the Nine- 
teenth (illustration), Prof. Chalmers Mar- 
tin 115 

The Indians of Brazil (illustration), H. M. 

Lane, M.D., 118 

Concert of Prayer, Topic for January- 
Books of Reference, 121 

The Unbelieving World (illustration), James 

8. Dennis, D.D 121 

The Vastness of the Field, . . . .123 
Barriers to the Truth (illustration), . . . 124 
Christianity the Only Faith, George F. Pente- 
cost, D.D., 126 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. — Our 
Church's Work for Young People (five 

illustrations)— Notes, 129 

CHURCH ERECTION.— To the " Strong"— 

Typical Cases— How Pastors can Aid, . 131 
MINISTERIAL RELIEF.— Sartor Resartus, 
Anna E. Agnew, 133 



EDUCATION.— Cultivation of the Grace of 
Liberality among the Children of the 
Church (one illustration), Rev. Lewis S. 
Madge— This Year's Enrolment, . .136 

PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL 
WORK.— Brevities— For the Young Peo- 
ple (five illustrations)— The Twentieth- 
century Movement, 139 

HOME MISSIONS.— Notes (with portrait of 
Dr. Samuel A. Worcester and two winter 
scenes in Dakota), . . . .142 

Outline History of the Mountain Whites, Mrs. 
Henry T. McEwen, 146 

Resignation of Secretary D. J. McMillan, 
D.D., and Action of the Board, . . 147 

Concert of Prayer— Our Work among the In- 
dians—Changing Conditions — Work of the 
Government for the Indians (with three 
illustrations), 148 

Letters — Appointments, 151 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN EN- 
DEAVOR. — Notes (with four illustra- 
tions)— Reminiscence of Admiral Foote, 
Henry A. Nelson, D.D.— Darkness and 
Light, Robert E. Speer — Presbyterian 
Adaptation of Christian Endeavor— Chris- 
tian Training Course — Presbyterian En- 
deavorers— The Boards of the Church — 
Home Missionary Heroes— Questions, 157-172 

Gleanings, 173 

With the Magazines, 174 

Book Notices, 175 

Necrology, 177 

Receipts, 178-186 

Officers and Agencies, .... 187,188 




CD 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



FEBRUARY, 1898. 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



The American Bible Society. — This 
important agency, working in hearty cooper- 
ation with the Missionary Boards, has 
during the past year distributed 767,000 
volumes of the Holy Scriptures in foreign 
lands, at an expenditure of upwards of 
$192,000. 

National Hospitality. — The establish- 
ment at Tokyo, Japan, of the Kihin-Kai, 
or Society for Welcoming Foreigners, is 
reported. Its professed purpose is commend- 
able — to provide strangers with every 
facility for business or pleasure, without 
discomfort, inconvenience or undue ex- 
pense. 

Rev. George Muller. — The orphan 
homes established by this man of faith and 
prayer have cared for more than 120,000 
children during the sixty years of their 
existence. The gifts received and disbursed 
for this purpose amount to $7,000,000. 
Mr. Muller has recently celebrated his 
ninetieth birthday. 

Foreign Missionary Conference. — The 

Protestant Foreign Missionary Societies of 
America have issued an invitation to all 
similar societies in the world, asking each 
society to be represented by two or more 
delegates in an ecumenical conference on 
Foreign Missions, to be held in the city of 
New York, April 20, 1900, and to continue 
for ten days. 

Blind Leaders in China. — Li Hung 
Chang wrote several months ago to a mis- 
sionary, " If you can give to the blind 
leaders of our people the light and learning 
enjoyed in the West, they, in turn, will 
lead our people out of their darkness.' ' 
That there is need of light and learning for 



the blind leaders of the people in China is 
indicated by the emperor's decree calling for 
special fasting and prayer on the occasion of 
the eclipse of the sun, January 22, 1898. 
Great disasters, says the emperor, have 
accompanied similar eclipses in the past, 
and now prayer must be offered to avert 
from the nation the wrath of Heaven. 

The World's Mission Work.— The 

statistics of Protestant foreign missions, 
recently compiled by Dr. E. E. Strong, of 
the American Board, show that the foreign 
missionary work of the world is carried on 
at an annual expense of $12,988,687. Of 
this sum, $4,333,611 is contributed by the 
evangelical churches of the United States. 
A summary of Dr. Strong's statistics may 
be found on pages 123 and 124 of this maga- 
zine. 

Tuskeegee Institute. — According to 
Mr. Booker T. Washington's sixth annual 
report, there were more than one thousand 
students in attendance at the Tuskeegee 
Normal and Industrial Institute. The 
property of the Institute, which includes 
2200 acres of land, is valued at $290,000. 
The trustees of the Slater Fund have testi- 
fied to the value of the work in which Mr. 
Washington has been so prominent by decid- 
ing to give to Tuskeegee Institute a large 
proportion of the income of the Fund. 

Progress of the Kingdom. — Dr. J. H. 

Edwards writes in the Evangelist : The 
fluctuations of the markets, the doings of 
Congress, and the ephemeral gossip of the 
day are followed with assiduous interest by 
multitudes who are utterly ignorant of the 
current history of the campaign for the 
world's redemption. When time is found 

97 



98 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



[February, 



to keep up acquaintance with a thousand 
other matters of passing or trivial impor- 
tance, ignorance of the vital subjects which 
have to do with the progress of Christ's 
kingdom cannot be regarded as excusable. 

The Last of the Lottery. — The decision 
of the Supreme Court of the United States 
in the case of the Frankfort lottery against 
the State of Kentucky declared the franchise 
of the Frankfort Lottery to be invalid. It 
had been claimed that the provision of the 
new Kentucky Constitution of 1891, revok- 
ing all lottery charters, was a violation of 
the Constitution of the United States which 
prohibits the making of laws that impair 
existing contracts. The decision declares 
that a State may protect its people from 
practices attended by ruinous results, that it 
may at any time make such regulations as 
are reasonably necessary to protect the pub- 
lic morals against the acknowledged evils of 
lotteries. 

Japan Among the Nations. — The New 

York Tribune calls attention to the fact 
that while at the time of Trafalgar Japan 
was of no more account in the world than 
the Fiji Islands, and was but recently reck- 
oned as a semi-barbarous country, she is 
now swiftly coming to the fore as one of the 
great military powers, and at the present 
rate of progress will in a few years rank 
as the second naval power in the world. 
Japan's indebtedness to Christianity for her 
present position, is thus expressed by the 
Interior : The empire of the Rising Sun, 
as we see it to-day, could not have existed 
except for the ingrafting of new motives and 
the supplying of new aims, which Christi- 
anity effected through its Christian missions. 

A Friend of China. — Prof. James 
Legge, whose death occurred recently, went 
to China in 1839, hoping to engage in mis- 
sionary labor. Since the way was not clear, 
he accepted the charge of the Anglo- 
Chinese College at Malacca, founded by 
Robert Morrison. In 1843 he removed to 
Hong Kong, where for thirty years he was 
engaged in translating the Chinese classics. 
From 1876 to the time of his death he was 
Professor of Chinese Language and Litera- 
ture at Oxford. One who knew him there 
testified that he was " beloved and rever- 
enced by all, living a strenuous and fruitful 
life, simple-minded as a child, full of gentle 



courtesy, generous to a fault, truly catholic 
in spiritual sympathy and belief." His 
heart was ever in China, and he rejoiced 
that so many of his pupils became mission- 
aries to that land. 

The French and Hainan. — The possi- 
bility of the French occupation of Hainan 
has long been anticipated. This island, 
twice the size of New Jersey, and having a 
population of about 1,500,000, is of special 
interest to Presbyterians, since no other 
body of Christians has undertaken mission- 
ary work there. About one -third of the 
island is occupied by the Loi, the original 
inhabitants, while in the remainder there are 
descendants of emigrants from the vicinity 
of Amoy. The work begun by Mr. Jere- 
miassen in 1881 was continued as an inde- 
pendent mission until 1885, when it passed 
into the hands of our Board. The stations 
are at Kiungchow, the capital, and at 
Nodoa and Loklah. 

The Famine in India. — The famine has 
cost the government 86,000,000, and the 
friends of suffering humanity have contrib- 
uted to relief funds nearly $9,000,000. 
And yet vast numbers have died of starva- 
tion and disease. The necessity of relieving 
the congested areas of that vast empire of 
their surplus population is once more 
emphasized, says an English exchange. 
With one hundred millions of untilled acres 
not now capable of reclamation, and the 
addition of two million souls to the popula- 
tion every year by natural increase, the food 
problem has become serious in the extreme. 
It is thought practicable to utilize the fertile 
tracts of Africa for the benefit of the Hindu 
agriculturist. Already Hindu labor has 
been imported into Africa for railway con- 
struction. 

"Russia's Influence in Korea. —Mr. 

McLeavy Brown, an Englishman, for sev- 
eral months past an assistant to the Korean 
Minister of Finance, has been so successful 
in his administration of the customs as to 
increase the revenues of the government 
$2,000,000, reduce the expenses 83,000,- 
000, and pay a large part of the debt owed 
to Japan. Through an arrangement made 
in St. Petersburg, a Russian, Mr. Alexieff, 
was appointed last November to control the 
finances. This action has called forth a 



1898.] 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



99 



vigorous protest from the imperial librarian, 
Mr. Min Yungchun. In his memorial to 
the emperor he compares the state of the 
country to a ship with rotten masts — one 
whiff of breeze will upset the craft. He 
believes there is danger ahead because of 
the degraded state of national sentiment. 
While the integrity of a nation depends 
upon a faithful administration of the gov- 
ernment, the laws of Korea are but dead 
letters. The finance bears the same relation 
to the nation as blood to the living body; 
and the power of administrating the finance 
has been delegated to a foreigner, who hence- 
forth is to control the vitals of Korea. 
Later, it is reported that Mr. Brown will 
remain and work with Mr. Alexieff. 
The new Russian Minister to Korea, who 



is actively zealous in the interests of the 
Greek Church, is reported to have an- 
nounced that priests from Russia were 
coming to give the people religious instruc- 
tion. The growing ascendency of Russia in 
Korea means to those who are looking for 
the victory of Christ's kingdom, says 
Woman* s Work, just one imperative in- 
quiry : Will the Russian Church be able, 
with its priests and its pageants, to smother 
the Christian life already introduced into 
Korea ? According to his confidence in the 
divine and energizing power of the gospel, 
each answers that question ; but in it lies a 
tremendous argument for pushing the Bible 
in Korea now, before priests and nuns fetch 
it, in a foreign tongue, across the Russian 
border. 



The editor of a successful woman's mis- 
sionary magazine writes : " I wish to add my 
congratulations on the improved appearance 
of The Church at Home and Abroad 
and its increasingly interesting contents." 

The Pittsburgh News published, January 
14, a report from Rev. S. H. Young and 
Dr. McEwen, who arrived at Dawson City, 
October 8. They had rented a two- story 
log house, the large first-floor room of which 
is used as a place of worship and kept open 
during the week as a reading-room. A 
Christian Association and a Sunday, school 
have been organized, and the congregation 
expects to build a church in the spring. 

!f Of our 7631 churches, only 3294 are 
self-supporting. 

The first Protestant church in California 
was a Presbyterian church, organized at 
Benicia in 1850, with five members. 



The price of " Historical Sketches" of 
the missions under the care of our Board of 
Foreign Missions is seventy-five cents. It 
is a volume of 368 pages. The single 
sketches may be obtained for ten cents each. 
In one of the two places where this indis- 
pensable book was mentioned in our Decem- 
ber issue, the price was incorrectly stated. 

In connection with " Sixty Successful 
Years," on p. 113, read Mr. William Ran- 
kin's article, " Our Sixtieth Anniversary," 
in the issue for October, 1897, j>. 276. 



When missionary periodicals have a 
circulation in proportion to their worth, and 
a reading proportionate to their circulation, 
the Boards will be in the startling condition 
of confronting a surplus instead of a defi- 
ciency. This is the opinion of an experi- 
enced pastor. 



Secretary A. J. Brown announces that 
a generous layman in Indiana, who has been 
supporting two foreign missionaries through 
our Board of Foreign Missions, has found 
so great satisfaction in thus preaching 
the gospel by proxy that he has now placed 
at the disposal of the Board a fund to be 
used in the effort to bring such service to the 
attention of others. Mr. Luther D. Wish- 
ard has consented to devote a year to the 
work of interesting individuals in foreign 
missions. Mr. Wishard's well-known 
interest in missions, his round-the-world 
tour of mission fields, and his long experi- 
ence on the International Committee of 
Young Men's Christian Associations, make 
him exceptionally qualified for this work. 



One of our subscribers, after speaking 
this encouraging word, " your excellent 
magazine is growing, as all good Presby- 
terian and Christian work should grow," 
says that her copy, after it is read, is sent 
to a Western town for others to enjoy, and 
suggests that we recommend such service to 
our readers as better than the plan of stor- 
ing the back numbers away in attics. 



100 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



[February, 




Rev. William A. Xiles, D.D. 

An interested reader of The Church at 
Home and Abroad, who has taken the 
magazine from the beginning and values it 
highly, writes: "It is very satisfactory to 
notice how the Boards help each other." 
That mutual helpfulness which should always 
appear in a magazine whose mission is to 
present the one work of the Church may 
be seen this month in the pages occupied by 
the Board of Education. The admirable 
plan there outlined is intended to develop 
liberality among the young people, and 
teach them to support all the authorized 
agencies of the Church. 

We are possibly in danger of overestimat- 
ing the evils of denominational rivalry, 
writes Thomas J. Morgan, D.D., in the 
Independent. That there are evils incident 
to it is admitted, but a generous rivalry 
born of religious convictions is greatly to be 
preferred to religious indifference, apathy, 
or dead formalism. Better the denomina- 
tional rivalries of Colorado than the religious 
uniformity of Spain or Mexico. 



ploy of the United States govern- 
ment. It was at the suggestion of 
Dr. Jackson that reindeer were in- 
troduced into Alaska from Siberia 
a few years ago The experiment 
is an undoubted success. The deer 
feed upon the abundant white moss, 
and while thev furnish the best 
means of transit they may at any 
time he killed for food. When 
Congress voted a generous sum for 
the relief of the Yukon miners, it 
was decided that 600 reindeer, 
trained to harness, should be pur- 
chased in Lapland for the transpor- 
tation of food to the gold regions. 
The one man for the task was our 
home missionary hero. Dr. Jack- 
son had promised to write an article 
for the young people's department 
of this magazine, but the call of the 
Secretary of War was for a more 
important duty. Just before leaving 
Washington he wrote a brief note 
begging to be excused for the pres- 
ent. As this number goes to press 
he is reported as having just pur- 
chased a herd of deer. It is hoped that 
our readers may enjoy the promised article 
about the time the Moderator's gavel sounds 
the hour for the opening of the next Gen- 
eral Assembly. 



The Moderator of the General Assembly, 
Rev. Sheldon Jackson, D.D. , is in the em- 



Pastors and others who receive an extra 
copy of this issue of The Church at Home 
and Abroad are requested to place it in 
the hands of some prominent member of 
the young people's society. Since one topic 
this month in the Christian Training Course 
is " The Boards of the Church," several of 
the articles were prepared with the purpose 
of bringing the work of the Presbyterian 
Church to the special attention of the young 
people. 

A writer in Scribner's Magazine states 
this interesting fact regarding the Lake 
Forest Church, Illinois, that the stone of 
which it was built was originally in the 
Second Presbyterian Church in Chicago. 
After the fire in 1871 this stonework, which 
remained standing (although the interior 
and the steeple were destroyed), was taken 
down and finally brought to Lake Forest 
and reerected. Inasmuch as it was in the 



1898.] 



THE CHORCH SESSION AND BENEVOLENT OFFERINGS. 



101 



Second Church that the idea of a place like 
Lake Forest originated, and the association 
was formed whereby Lake Forest and its 
educational institutions and church became 
a possibility, the presence of the stone in 
those walls adds a sentimental interest. 



Referring to the fact that in all 
churches the Ten Commandments con- 
tained in the twentieth chapter of Exodus 
are frequently heard, the Church Missionary 
Intelligencer suggests that in missionary 
meetings ten commandments from the New 
Testament be read, the people being invited 
to make after each the response, " Lord, 
have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts 
to keep this law." The following are men- 
tioned as suitable for this purpose: Matt. 5 : 
16; Matt. 6:19, 20,33; Matt. 7:1; John 
13:34; John 5:39; John 4:35; Matt. 
9:36, 37; 1 Cor. 11:23-25; Matt. 28: 
19, 20. The Intelligencer adds that one 
advantage of the adoption of this plan, 
which has been successfully tried, is that it 
puts foreign missions on the right ground ; 



it teaches the people to confess that they 
have been guilty of failure, and to pray for 
grace to amend; and it shows that the real 
Christian has no option as to whether or not 
he will take part in the evangelization of 
the world. 



There are many evidences that Presby- 
terian young people are reading Tee 
Church at Home and Abroad intelli- 
gently and with profit. Here is one of 
them. A year ago an order was received 
for two copies, to be sent during 1897 to a 
Christian Endeavor society in Baltimore. 
The writer said: " Our Missionary Com- 
mittee is trying to awaken a deeper interest 
in the cause of missions among our mem- 
bers, and feels that there is no better way to 
attain this than by subscribing to our own 
periodicals." For 1898 this Missionary 
Committee has ordered four copies instead 
of two, saying: " Within the past year we 
have seen evidences of an increased interest 
in missions created in the hearts of some of 
our members through the reading of this 
most interesting magazine. ' ' 



THE CHURCH SESSION AND BENEVOLENT OFFERINGS. 



WILLIAM H. ROBERTS, D. D. 



This article is a concise statement of the 
constitutional powers of church sessions, and 
of Assembly recommendations, in connection 
with the offerings for benevolent purposes 
in the churches. 

The General Assembly, by virtue of its 
position as the bond of unity in the Church, 
and also as the judicatory establishing the 
benevolent and missionary Boards and con- 
trolling their management, has made from 
time to time recommendations in connec- 
tion with this important matter. These 
recommendations are addressed both to 
church members and to the authorities 
recognized by the Constitution of the Church 
as entrusted with the detail of the manage- 
ment of oJferings in the congregations. It 
is to be remembered that the Directory for 
Worship prescribes that every member of 
the congregation " should be trained to give 
of his substance systematically, and as the 
Lord has prospered him, to promote the 
preaching of the gospel in all the world 
and to every creature according to the com- 



mand of the Lord Jesus Christ." The 
Directory also states that the person upon 
whom the duty is laid of " cultivating the 
grace of liberal giving" in a congregation 
is the minister; that " the proper order, 
both as to the particular service of the day 
and the place in such service for receiving 
the offerings, may be left to the discretion 
of the minister and session of the church;" 
and that " the offerings received may be 
apportioned under the supervision of the 
church session, in such proportion and on 
such general plan as may from time to 
time be determined." These provisions 
of the Directory clearly place in the 
hands of the minister and the session, power 
to determine as to the methods and distri- 
bution of the offerings, and the manner 
of impressing upon the members of the con- 
gregation their duty in relation to benefi- 
cence. 

The usage, therefore, which in some 
churches places the contributions in the 
hands of the deacons or trustees is contrary 



102 



THE CHURCH SESSION AND BENEVOLENT OFFERINGS. 



[February, 



to the Constitution of the Church. The 
Assembly, in view of this fact, decided as 
early as 1833, in connection with the office 
of deacon, that " over charities collected 
for any other purpose than the care of the 
poor, their office gives them no control.' ' 
Further, to carry out the provisions of the 
Directory, the Assembly has repeatedly 
drawn the attention of ministers to their 
duty in the matter of training their people 
in benevolence, and in 1897 reminded all 
" pastors and stated supplies of their duty 
to instruct their people as to the several 
departments of their church work, and to 
afford them an opportunity to contribute to 
our several Boards." The latter clause of 
the deliverance of the last Assembly, has 
reference to the failure of some church ses- 
sions, of making provision for the taking up 
of offerings for each one of the Boards. 
It is to be emphasized that church sessions 
are under obligation to give the people an 
opportunity to contribute to the support of 
each one of the benevolent and missionary 
agencies of the Church. As early as 1755, 
in the matter of collections ordered by a 
higher judicatory, it was decided by the 
highest court of the Church, that " it is 
inconsistent with our Church government 
to be under the check or prohibition of a 
church session; they indeed may give or 
withhold their charity, but may not prevent 
a minister to propose it publicly according 
to our appointment." Sessions do not 
possess the constitutional power to prevent 
the taking up of a collection for the Boards 
in the congregation ; the power they possess 
is to determine the time when collections 
shall be taken up, the methods for gathering 
money, and the plans for distribution. 

In connection with methods, it is to be 
remembered that systematic giving is recog- 
nized in the Directory as a fundamental 
principle. In addition the Assembly has 
recommended " that it be the unwearied 
effort of all elders of our churches, to 
secure a general acceptance of the principle 
and adoption of the practice of proportionate 
giving;" and it has also said that " we need 
now to advance a step and lay a holy stress 
upon proportion. A man who gives a cent 
a week where he ought to give a dollar is 
systematic, but he is cheating the Lord out 
of ninety-nine cents." These two princi- 
ples of system and proportion should there- 
fore be recognized by each session, whatever 



plan it adopts at the beginning of each 
fiscal year (ordinarily about April 1), for 
the gathering of the benevolent and mis- 
sionary offerings. These plans may be 
either (1) the monthly plan of plate collec- 
tions, after due announcement, (2) the 
subscription card plan, (3) the weekly or 
monthly envelope system, or (4) the weekly 
basket offerings, as to the session may seem 
wise. The Assemblies of 1896 and 1897, 
however, have recommended what is known 
as the Redstone Presbytsry Plan, " which 
in substance is the securing of pledges 
beforehand from all the members as to the 
amounts which they are willing to contrib- 
ute to each of the Boards during the eccle- 
siastical year. Two cards are to be dis- 
tributed about the first of March each year, 
upon which a column for each Board is 
provided. These cards, when filled by the 
donors, are to be returned, one to the pastor, 
and the other to the session of the church." 
This plan is virtually No. 2 of the methods 
above referred to, viz., the Subscription 
Card Plan. It has the advantages of bring- 
ing before each member of the congregation 
the duty of giving, and further, of making 
giving systematic, and of enabling ministers 
to determine whether both members and 
elders need to be affectionately exhorted to 
increase their contributions. There is the 
further advantage of enabling the Presby- 
teries, through a report from the sessions, of 
the sum total pledged for each Board in 
each church, to inform the General Assem- 
bly as to the total pledges throughout the 
church, for the coming year, for each of the 
benevolent agencies. Whatever plan is 
adopted, however, by sessions, emphasis 
should be laid upon the fact that " all 
church members, whether rich or poor, have 
both the duty and the privilege, each and 
all. to stand in their places, and have a part 
in the great work in which our Church is en- 
gaged." Again, that church members may be 
kept informed both as to duty and as to the 
manner in which they are performing duty, 
the Assembly of 1887 charged " every min- 
ister to keep his people thoroughly informed 
concerning the work of the Boards, and the 
demand that such work is making upon 
every member." The Assembly of 1889 also 
advised sessions " to make frequent report 
before their several churches of the amount 
contributed in their benevolent offerings and 
the disposition made of the same." The 



1898.] 



EVANGELISTIC MISSIONS. 



103 



need of the hour is the realization by minis- 
ters and church sessions of their responsibili- 
ties as to information, instruction, and effici- 



ent methods, in connection with offerings 
for the Church's great benevolent and mis- 
sionary agencies. 



EVANGELISTIC MISSIONS. 

F. F. ELLINWOOD, D.D. 



There can be no doubt that the mission- 
ary work of the New Testament times was 
what would now be called evangelistic. 
Christ himself was an evangelist. He did 
not establish permanent headquarters at 
Jerusalem, but journeyed from city to city, 
preaching everywhere, as he had oppor- 
tunity, sometimes on the mountain side or 
by a frequented pool or on the shores of 
the Sea of Galilee. The work which he 
assigned to his twelve disciples in the inter- 
vals of their own instruction and training, 
was that of preaching in the villages and 
the temporary commission given to the 
seventy was of the same import. 

The apostle Paul was eminently an evan- 
gelistic missionary. With the exception of 
the protracted period which he spent in 
Antioch, and unfortunately that in which 
he was confined in prison walls, or at least 
restrained by prison chains, he was engaged 
in " touring,' ' as it is now called. There 
were no missionary stations fitted out with 
equipments of houses, schools, chapels, etc., 
etc., in which he could fill regular appoint- 
ments, after the manner of a Methodist 
itinerant preacher, but he generally took 
advantage of such accommodations as were 
afforded by synagogues built by Jewish 
residents scattered here and there in wes- 
tern Asia, or he spoke in some market-place 
or council chamber as in Greece, or in the 
halls of an Asiatic pro-consul, or wherever 
an opportunity might be available. He 
traveled much from place to place, some- 
times revisiting congregations which had 
previously been formed while on his preaching 
tours. His method was to select proper 
persons who should be ordained as elders, 
and under whose direction a self-perpetu- 
ating and self-propagating religious life 
should be maintained in each community. 
These little chuches were not, however, 
suffered to fall out of his mind as if he 
owed them no further duty, but they 
received letters from him from time to time, 
furnishing new instruction, stimulus and 
encouragement, as might be needed; and 



from the introductory portions of many of 
these letters we learn that he was in the 
habit of remembering these little flocks con- 
stantly in specific and most earnest prayer. 
Paul might have settled down in some cen- 
tral position, and established a college with 
the idea of raising up pupils who should go 
forth to engage in evangelistic work. He 
might have felt that by this means he would 
multiply himself, so to speak, though years 
might pass ere his plan should be realized, 
and there might even then be considerable 
doubt whether he would have multiplied 
himself or multiplied a much lower grade 
of men. But no one can doubt that Paul's 
actual method has resulted in a hundredfold 
greater conquest than could have been 
accomplished by any form of local or insti- 
tutional work. Such a policy could never 
have projected the vast influence of the 
great apostle upon all lands and all subse- 
quent ages as has actually been done. The 
history of the early Christian conquest, 
thrilling and sometimes tragic, as we find 
it in the Acts of the Apostles, and the 
letters written, not in a professor's study, 
or at a secretary's desk, but written afield, 
so to speak, now here, now there, wherever 
he might be, and so full of vital sugges- 
tions born of fresh experiences — all these 
have a quality which could not have been 
realized in any other way. 

It would be erroneous, however, to con- 
tend that missionary work at the present 
time should be confined strictly to the apos- 
tolic methods. In the two or three centu- 
ries following the apostolic period the 
demand for higher education became imper- 
ative. The work of the Church was no 
longer in the hands of inspired men, and 
fortunately or unfortunately the higher 
education in the second, third and fourth 
centuries was drawn largely from heathen 
sources. Many of the great leaders of the 
Church, like Gregory, Augustine, Ambrose 
and many others, derived their intellectual 
training from the study of Greek philos- 
ophy as taught iu the schools of Rome or 



104 



EVANGELISTIC MISSIONS. 



[February, 




Typical Group from one ot the Indian Hill Tribes. 



Carthage or Alexandria ; and many earnest 
Christian men for lack of better facilities 
sent their sons to these schools. Nothing 
could more forcibly suggest the need of 
Christian schools than the very necessities 
which were thus encountered, nor can it be 
denied that at a later period, as the dark 
ages drew on, Christianity in large measure 
owed its preservation and perpetuation to 
the institutional character which it had 
assumed. Its doctrines and its history were 
preserved in great ecclesiastical centres, 
monasteries or otherwise, in times of great 
commotion. Kindred institutions in Ire- 
land at Iona and in the cloistered colleges 
of Wales were not only centres for the con- 
servation of the truth, but living sources 
from which went forth missionaries through 
Scotland and northern England, and into 
Burgundy, Germany, Switzerland and even 
into Italy. 

The Church of our day, therefore, has a 
great variety of precedents which may help 
to guide ils missionary policy, and the 
living question of to-day is in what pro- 
portions shall the evangelistic as compared 
with the educational policy be adopted ? In 
the modern movement of this closing cen- 
tury every form and method has been fol- 
lowed. The example set by Carey and 



Marshman in India has fully vindicated 
itself as its results have spread themselves 
over the century. The work of translation, 
the printing-press, the school, in one word, 
the radiating centre of influence, with evan- 
gelistic work closely associated with every 
other form, has undoubtedly accomplished 
a greater result than mere village preaching 
could possibly have achieved. Much the 
same thing can be said of the work of Dr. 
Duff and his associates. But nevertheless 
the question is a fair one, whether an undue 
preponderance of the educational policy 
has not been developed, and whether suffi- 
cient attention has been given to the line of 
work so successfully pursued by Methodist 
missions in northern India and by Baptists 
on the southeast coast, namely that of 
widespread village itinerations, bearing the 
gospel to the simple peasantry, and preach- 
ing everywhere to those who are less bound 
by caste or Aryan pride or the entangle- 
ment and bewilderment of Western specula- 
tion. 

It would be impossible to adopt a policy 
which would apply alike to all mission 
fields. To the fetish worshiping tribes of 
Central Africa the first duty is evidently 
that of bearing the glad tidings from tribe to 
tribe in as simple and direct a form as pos- 



1898] 



EVANGELISTIC MISSIONS. 



105 



sible. They are literally in darkness, and 
though they have a common belief in the 
existence of a supreme Creator, they have 
been taught by their juggling priests to 
believe that he is indifferent toward them, 
and has left them a prey to malignant 
spirits. They have been made to believe a 
lie, and the plain duty of Christendom is 
that which was assigned to Paul, " to lead 
them from darkness into light and from the 
power of Satan unto God," that they may 
be delivered from the horrors of witchcraft 
and its tragic sequels, and " may receive 
forgiveness of sin and inheritance among 
them that are sanctified by faith " in Christ. 
Schools should follow, and to some extent 
industrial schools, of which there is a need 
in Africa which does not exist in civilized 
countries like India or Syria or Persia. 

In Japan, especially in the years of great- 
est success, educational work and evangeli- 
zation went hand in hand and with a nearly 
equal step. Christian men were employed 
in many of the government schools, and 
they also proceeded to establish mission 
schools of various grades. At the same 
time a great work was done in the direct 
preaching of the gospel. Large halls were 
opened and great and attentive audiences 
assembled to listen to the truth. Native 
preachers were prepared as rapidly as possi- 
ble for this work of widespread dissemina- 



tion. In recent years the relative condi- 
tions have been changed by the adoption of 
a common school system, the building up of 
a great central university at Tokyo, and the 
development of a general spirit of national 
independence in Japan. 

In Korea the question has been and still 
is, How shall the work begin ? The ques- 
tion has been decided by providential events 
and indications. As a matter of fact, in 
our Presbyterian mission, both men and 
women missionaries have felt an ever- 
increasing desire to bear the message of the 
gospel directly to the people. Women 
engaged as teachers in the schools have not 
felt satisfied without being able to spend at 
least a part of their time in proclaiming 
the glad tidings to their sex, either in little 
assemblies or from house to house. The 
readiness with which the gospel is received, 
especially in northern Korea, the eagerness 
of the people in the widely scattered towns 
and villages to secure a preacher for at least 
one or more visits, has rendered it plain 
that the duty of the hour is to satisfy this 
demand, lest in a few years these golden 
opportunities may cease. The missionaries 
have not been content with making one or 
two itinerations a year, but have given 
much time to it. Meanwhile, for the train- 
ing of preachers numerous classes embrac- 
ing the most promising young converts are 




THE MEMORABLE CHAPEL AT KAXGW 



106 



A FUNERAL IN CHINA. 



[February, 




^O^j% , 



Itinerating in China 



formed, and the "number of workers is 
increased, with comparatively little expense 
and without much delay. 

The Shantung Mission has long been con- 
sidered almost a model in the proportion and 
symmetry of its work. In few missions has 
so large a proportion of labor been ex- 
pended on evangelistic lines. Women as 
well as men have made frequent and suc- 
cessful tours among the villages, where 
they have been welcomed by large num- 
bers of their own sex. Each missionary, 
as far as practicable, has had his band 
of lieutenants or helpers, and his district 



or oishopric — in which all the important 
preaching places have been supplied and 
numerous little day-schools have been main- 
tained at small expense. In the winter 
months normal classes of preachers and 
teachers have been taught for a given period 
at some central point. 

Meanwhile, so far from neglecting higher 
education, the Shantung Mission has main- 
tained one of the very best Christian colleges 
in China, under the able management of 
Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Mateer, assisted in 
late years by Rev. William M. Hayes and 
others. 



A FUNERAL IN CHINA. 

REV. F. H. CHALFANT. 



I feel almost out of the world, though in 
reality I am only forty miles from my China 
home at Wei Hien. This out-of-the-world 
feeling is because I happen to be traveling 
a strange road; and, reaching this misera- 
ble little inn after dark last night, I had 
hoped to proceed on my journey at dawn, 
but with the dawn came a cold drizzle which 



increased as the day advanced, and by noon 
had reduced the roads to such stickiness 
that my barrow cannot be propelled even 
by the combined power of two men and a 
donkey. Shades of locomotives and trolley 
cars! What a counlry this is, to be still 
laboring over primitive vehicles, which at 
best are anything but comfortable, and are 



1898.] 



A FUNERAL IN CHINA. 



107 



sidetracked at a little fall of snow or rain ! 
The whole situation is sufficiently mournful 
to suggest writing up a funeral I attended 
last Friday. 

I had been asked to officiate at the obse- 
quies of a certain Christian who had died at 
an advanced age several months ago. It 
is the custom here in China to seal up the 
remains of the dead and defer the funeral 
for months and even years until enough 
money can be collected to insure a decent 
burial. This family happens to be rich, 
according to the standard of wealth in this 
land. The only son of the deceased, a man 
of fifty, entered the church about a year 
ago. He enjoys the distinction of holding 
a literary degree. His invitations to the 
funeral were issued in the elaborate form 
affected by the rich, giving not only the 
date of the funeral, but also the age and a 
short biography of the deceased — the biog- 
raphy being usually an exaggerated account 
of the good deeds done in the body — fol- 
lowed by a list of all the surviving brothers, 
sons, nephews and male cousins. This is 
all spread out on a long sheet of brownish 
white paper, folded into many pages, and 
enclosed in a large envelope, with two strips 
of paper, one red and one blue, pasted 
vertically on the outside— the red strip to 
show respect to the invited guest and the 
blue to indicate the grief of the sender. 
These announcements were sent to all the 
Christian chapels far and wide. A good 
feast being in store for all the invited guests, 
the people came from afar to pay their 
respects to a family who were total strangers 
to many of them. I ought to mention an 
important item on the invitations — a brief 
statement that no rites connected with ances- 
tral worship would be performed, such being 
contrary to Christian principles. In their 
efforts to make a great display at this 
funeral and thus reflect glory upon the 
Church at large, they overdid the thing, as 
the sequel will show. 

It is usual for those officiating at either a 
marriage or funeral here to put on the 
official cap, gown and boots— a sign of 
respect rather than of authority. Those of 
us who customarily wear the native costume 
are expected to appear in public ceremonies 
clad as above described. But at this 
funeral our friend overstepped the mark, 
and not only had me rigged out in the 
official toggery, but had a brass band and 



banners proclaiming my high rank( !) to go 
before Ihe sedan chair in which I was car- 
ried. A veritable trumpet was sounded 
before me, and I certainly felt like one of 
the ' ■ hypocrites. ' ' Directly in front of the 
chair was borne a large red banner, spread 
out upon a table, which was carried aloft 
on the shoulders of four men, using my 
camp-bed poles in lieu of staves. This 
banner was being presented to the family 
of the deceased by his fellow church mem- 
bers. The grand procession started at nine 
A.M. from the chapel at the village called 
Sha Wo (" sand hole "), half a mile from 
where the funeral was to be. The blare of 
trumpets and ragtag procession of standard 
bearers, to say nothing of the widely adver- 
tised event of a " foreign funeral, ' ' attracted 
a dense crowd, which increased as we ap- 
proached the village. Then forth came the 
son and another member of the family clad 
in the tattered white garments of mourning, 
and I alighted from my chair to receive the 
formal kowtow, which I returned by bowing 
low with face covered by my long sleeves. 
At the village we entered the house and 
performed the service in peace, thanks to 
the two constables who had been detailed 
by the local magistrate to maintain order. 
I may observe right here, that if this 
description lacks pathos, it is all the more 
true to fact. It is unlikely that any real 
sorrow would be exhibited over the remains 
of one who had died months before, and it 
is to the credit of the family that they did 
not resort to artificial wailing according to 
the usual native custom. 

Then followed the feast which always 
precedes the interment, the final rites being 
performed about sunset. This gave time 
for the crowds to increase, and by the mid- 
dle of the afternoon even the constables from 
the yamen (courthouse) could not control 
the people. I then went out to an open 
space with one of our church elders, hoping 
thus to appease the curiosity of the crowd 
by granting them a good view of the for- 
eign master of ceremonies. While preach- 
ing to them, some lewd fellows, from a large 
market town near by, incited the crowd to 
annoy the speaker. Just then the elder 
was called away by some one, and I found 
myself alone in the midst of that unsympa- 
thetic mob. The rowdies on the outskirts 
kept pushing the people toward the centre, 
and those in front remonstrated and strove 



108 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S SOCIETIE8. 



[February, 



to force the crowd back. The result was 
such a hubbub that I could not hear my 
own voice. An old Christian squeezed in 
beside me, and tried to get the attention of 
the people, but in vain. We then returned 
to the house amid laughter and jeers. I 
saw that the temper of the crowd was wax- 
ing ugly, and so urged the family to wind 
up the program as soon as possible. At 
four o'clock the procession started to the 
grave, first the banners and brass band, then 
the sedan chair with me inside, followed by 
the ponderous funeral bier carried by six- 
teen bearers, and last the mourners in farm- 
carts. A neat awning had been erected at 
the grave for the final service. The mob 
surged out and surrounded my chair, howl- 
ing and mocking. Among the remarks I 
heard: " Just look at the great man!" 
"Isn't this a big occasion ?" and other ex- 
pressions equivalents " shoot the funeral!" 
As we approached the grave, I saw the 
awning poles sink before the howling, surg- 
ing crowd. The two constables went beiore 
my chair, and by dint of whirling their 
whips, barely prevented it from being over- 
turned. I saw that it would be worse than 



useless to get out, and so ordered the bearers 
about-face and return to the village. A few 
clods and a stone struck the chair and the 
bearers were nearly thrown off their feet, but 
at last we got back right side up at least. 
Meanwhile the funeral procession was stam- 
peded, and each detachment had to look out 
for itself. The native Christians were 
dumfounded and hardly knew what to do 
next. I said to them, " It is evident that 
I am the Jonah on the ship. Let me return 
to Sha Wo, and at nightfall the elders can 
go out and finish the service without moles- 
tation." I saw plainly that my remaining 
there was only an irritation to the crowd 
and a menace to all concerned. They did 
as I suggested, and had no further row. 
Thus ended our pompous obsequies! The 
moral is twofold : 

1. It is expedient in China that funerals 
be conducted by a native rather than by a 
foreigner. Such indeed is the usual practice. 

2. Too great a display on such occasions 
is not conducive to the welfare of the 
Church in its present embryonic state. A 
simple, short, dignified service will meet all 
the requirements. 



FREEDMEN 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S SOCIETIES. 

There are at least 6000 Young People's 
societies in connection with the Presbyte- 
rian Church. These societies are being 
developed along benevolent lines, and the 
members are being taught that it is more 
blessed to give than to receive; that the 
strong ought to help the weak; that to bear 
one another's burdens is to fulfill the law 
of Christ; that to do unto others as we 
would have others do unto us is according 
to the law and the prophets ; that to minis- 
ter to the least of Christ's disciples is to 
minister unto Christ himself. 

These are foundation principles, and 
when thoroughly apprehended will inspire 
the intensest missionary zeal in the heart of 
the true disciple. 

Do the young people of our Church really 
comprehend their relation to that part of the 
great missionary field that is cultivated and 
fostered by the Freedmen' s Board ? 



Only 256 Young People's societies gave 
anything to work among the Freedmen last 
year. This was thirteen less than the year 
before. About 5750 gave nothing from 
their missionary fund to these lowly and 
needy people. The reason of this in many 
cases doubtless is lack of information. 
Many ministers have failed to inform 
themselves on this part of the Church's 
work. One minister, who had probably 
been in the ministry thirty years, inquired 
of the secretary at a recent General Assem- 
bly as to where the headquarters of the 
Freedmen' s Board were located. Treasu- 
rers of churches in sending remittances not 
infrequently send to Philadelphia instead of 
Pittsburgh. The Board is over and over 
spoken of in letters or in conversation as 
" The Freedmen' s Aid Society," or the 
" Freedmen' s Bureau," or by other similar 
titles of similar organizations in other 
churches, showing lack of familiarity with 
both name and place. 



1898] 



DR. SANDERS AND HIS MOTHER — REV. W. F. BROOKS, D.D. 



109 



Over 4000 churches never send our Board 
anything. Taking out the foreign churches 
and the vacant churches, there must be 
2000 that have ministers from whom we 
never hear anything. The most of this 
indifference comes from lack of informa- 
tion; ignorance of the extent of the work; 
ignorance of the needs of the Negro; 
ignorance of their intense desire for schools 
and churches ; ignorance of their own self- 
denial in order to obtain them; ignorance 
of their numbers; ignorance of their rapid 
increase; ignorance of their future power, 
of good or ill, to the country; ignorance 
of their immorality; ignorance of the 
progress many of them have made; igno- 
rance of the superstition of many of them ; 
ignorance of their ignorance. 



DR. SANDERS AND HIS MOTHER. 

The friends of work among the Freedmen 
should be wonderfully encouraged when 
they think how much has been accom- 
plished within the limit of one human life. 
This picture represents Rev. D. J. Sanders, 
D.D., president of Biddle University, 
standing in the end of Ihe porch at his own 
house, and his aged mother sitting at his 
left. Dr. Sanders was born a slave. He 
learned the trade of shoemaking from his 
father, who was also a slave. Young 
Sanders determined, however, not to remain 
a shoemaker. While pegging at his shoes 
he studied his lessons. Two boys, white 
boys, passing his cabin on the way to school 
told him what to study. As they returned 
in the afternoon he met them under a tree 
near his cabin and recited with them. He 
kept this up for four years, all credit to the 
boys and to their pupil ! These boys are 
now grown to manhood, and are proud of 
the result of their early efforts in teaching. 
Dr. Sanders afterward graduated at our 
academy at Chester, S. C. Then he made 
his way to Allegheny Seminary, Allegheny, 
Pa., where he took the full course pre- 
scribed, and some years afterwards was 
selected by the Freedmen' s Board to take 
charge of the varied interests of its greatest 
institution, Biddle University. His mother 
was a slave for forty years, and yet she still 
lives, and lives to see her slave-born son in 
this high position of honor and trust, filling 
it with ability and fidelity, and ranking 




Dr. Sanders and his Mother. 

to-day as one of the foremost educators ot 
his race. 

Look at this picture, let your mind run 
back thirty years in the history of our 
country, bring yourself up gradually 
through the toil and struggle and self-denial 
endured, and then say in your heart whether 
or not you think the work done by the 
Presbyterian Church among the Freedmen 
has been done in vain. 

Blessed is the man who has had a share 
in what has already been accomplished. 

Blessed will be the man who will take 
part in its more glorious consummation. 



REV. W. F. BROOKS, D.D. 

Biddle University, at Charlotte, N. C, 
has suffered a great loss in the death of 
Prof. W. F. Brooks, who died December 
15, from pneumonia. Dr. Brooks was at 
the head of the Preparatory department of 
the university, and discharged the duties of 
his position with great credit to himself and 
to the institution, and most acceptably to 



110 



A FOURFOLD WORK. 



[February, 



the Board of Missions for Freedmen. Dr. 
Brooks was a graduate of Lincoln Univer- 
sity, and came to the notice of the members 
of the Board of Missions for Freedmen 
while serving as pastor of Grace Memorial 
Church in the city of Pittsburgh, where by 
his faithful service and Christian consecra- 
tion he gained the high esteem of all the 
members of the Pittsburgh Presbytery. 
The Board of Missions for Freedmen, 
recognizing his ability, selected him in 
1890 to take charge of their school work at 
Beaufort, S. C, and after a year or two 
secured his'services in connection with the 
reorganization of the faculty of Bid die 
University, at the head of the Preparatory 
department. He occupied this position up 
to the time of his death, and left a name 



respected and honored by all who 
him. His place will be hard to fill. 



knew 



A FOURFOLD WORK. 

The Freedmen' s Board aids schools and 
academies and colleges. It erects the 
buildings, keeps them in repair, keeps them 
insured, and pays the teachers to teach the 
schools. 

The Freedmen' s Board helps educate 



young men for the ministry, helps these 
young men through college, helps them 
through the seminaries, provides for their 
books, board and clothing, and brings them 
up to the point where they are to be ordained 
and sent forth to preach. 

The Freedmen' s Board helps pay the 
salaries of the colored preachers. It pays 
them monthly a certain amount, and 
requires from them regular reports of their 
faithful service. It requires each colored 
church to pay something toward the minis- 
ter's salary, and asks each church each year 
to pay a little more. The average salary a 
colored man gets under our Board is from 
S300 to $400. 

The Freedmen' s Board helps build churches 
for colored congregations. These churches 
do not cost much, many of them cost less 
than S500 apiece. Forty on our list cost 
less than $250. We have about forty con- 
gregations that have no churches at all. 
Some of them worship in the summer time 
out under the trees. The accompanying 
picture shows the beginning of a church in 
South Carolina. Poets tell us that the 
" groves were God's first temples." If so, 
this little Presbyterian church is modeled 
after the original plan. 




The "Arbor Church." 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

Preaching the Gospel by Proxy. 

All are familiar with the " Students' 
Volunteer Movement ' ' which has achieved 
a splendid success. The thing most needed 
now is a " Laymen's Volunteer Move- 
ment." The students have resolved, " We 
will go : " now for a rally of prosperous busi- 
ness men who shall resolve, " We'll send 
them." In war times even men of moder- 
ate means sent substitutes to the front. 
Who will do the same in the great campaign 
of salvation ? There is no one thing that so 
much needs a clearer and more general 
recognition than the idea of preaching the 
gospel by proxy. This one idea, if taken 
up generally, carefully pondered and carried 
into execution, would supply the force needed 
on the mission fields beyond almost any 
other measure. Good examples come from 
the mission fields. Near Ningpo were a 
well-to-do carpenter and a poor neighbor of 
his, both members of the Church. The 
carpenter was able to supply his own wants 
and do something for Christ. He therefore 
proposed to the other who was a faithful 
worker, but was without means, that he 
should spend a certain portion of his time 
in missionary work, in other words, preach 
the gospel for him in a neighboring city. 
This arrangement resulted ultimately in the 
establishment of a prosperous little church. 

Substitute for Service. 

Directly in the line of the above sugges- 
tion as to preaching the gospel by proxy, 
we notice in the November number of the 
Church Missionary Intelligencer a notable 
exemplification of the same thing under the 
name of " Substitute for Service." Nearly 
twenty years ago Rev. J. B. Stanton sug- 
gested a fund to which persons of wealth 
were invited to contribute as a substitute for 
actual service, he himself giving $1250 an- 
nually for eight years, and after that $2500 
a year till his death. 

In June, 1893, the Executive Committee 
of the Society issued an appeal inviting this 
kind of offering from persons of means, but 
with the understanding that they should not 
take the place of regular subscriptions. In 
May, 1894, a year later, there were forty- 



eight missionary " substitutes" thus 
supported. During the next two years the 
number trebled, standing at 146 in March, 
1896. During the next eighteen months 
the number went up from 146 to 323. 
What a power might be realized from such 
a missionary fund in our own Presbyterian 
Church ! 

Missionary Comity. 

The following words on missionary comity 
are golden. They were uttered by the 
Bishop of New Castle at the recent Angli- 
can Church Congress. The time must soon 
come when Protestant denominations 
will no longer try to convert over again 
the heathen converts who have already been 
won by other Protestants. 

" Subject to certain modifications to 
which I shall presently allude, I have no 
hesitation whatever in saying that the prin- 
ciple followed by missionary societies, with 
the conspicuous and flagrant exception of 
the agencies of the Church at Rome, of 
abstaining from building on the foundations 
laid by others, and from evangelizing dis- 
tricts covered with other Christian missions, 
is a true and right application of missionary 
comity. The heathen world is still so vast 
that, whatever the future may bring, it 
seems suicidal and wrong for Christian 
missionaries to be competing in the same 
district and endeavoring to win recruits 
from each other's ranks. When the first 
Bishop Selwyn founded the Melanesian 
Mission he laid down this principle strongly, 
and the Melanesian Mission has never 
deviated from it. The islands of the 
Pacific have not had the curse of the divis- 
ions of Western Christendom imposed upon 
them." The "modifications" or excep- 
tions made by the Bishop were that capitals 
of countries should be considered common 
ground. Also, undue attempts to preempt 
large districts or territories which one so- 
ciety cannot well cultivate cannot be re- 
spected. 

Dr. Henry A. Nelson. 

In the December number of The Church 
at Home and Abroad appeared a tender 
and touching farewell from Dr. H. A. 
Nelson, to the readers of the magazine of 
which he had been editor for eleven years. 

Ill 



112 



NOTES. 



[February, 



No man in the Presbyterian Church could 
awaken a more cordial and affectionate 
response in all hearts than he. Though he 
has reached an age at which he find 3 it 
necessary to lay off heavy cares and 
responsibilities, yet it is to be hoped that he 
may have yet many years of lighter service 
as a minister of Christ. To those who have 
known him longest, he stands forth as not 
only an esteemed editor, but as a pastor of 
churches in Auburn, St. Louis and Geneva, 
as professor of theology at Lane Seminary, 
and as a Moderator of the General Assem- 
bly. 

Dr. Nelson has shown an unflagging zeal 
for both home and foreign missions. The 
former he saw in the West, in all its possibili- 
ties and its success. To the latter he has 
given a son and a daughter for actual ser- 
vice in the Syrian Mission. He is also a 
contributor toward the payment of the 
foreign missionary debt. 

The Position of the Board. 

In the above-named farewell note Dr. 
Nelson speaks of the pain which he had 
felt at the protest of the Board to his Octo- 
ber notice of " Rev. Gilbert Reid's unique 
mission in China," which had " doubtless 
interested all thoughtful and observant 
friends of that people." For the last four 
or five years the question has frequently been 
asked whether Mr. Reid's enterprise had the 
approval of the Board as a branch of mis- 
sionary work. As no favorable reply could 
be given, the officers of the Board had 
published no opinion whatever except such 
as might be inferred from its kindly expres- 
sions made toward him personally. 

About a year ago an article was published 
in the New York Sun by an an ti -missionary 
advocate of Mr. Reid's plan, as the only 
sensible one that had yet appeared in the 
history of missions in China; and it urged 
those who had missionary contributions to 
offer to send them to him. In effect the 
article was a scurrilous attack upon the 
methods pursued by all the great missionary 
organizations. What China needed was 
not proselyting — for she had a religion of 
her own — but a knowledge of Western 
civilization. Missions had failed because 
they had given their attention to the poor. 
A better road to success was through the 
favor of the official and influential classes; 
and this important secret had now been 



discovered. A reply to this attack on mis- 
sions was sent to the Sun, showing that the 
beneficent work of missions in hospitals and 
dispensaries, in famine relief, in education, 
in the translation of secular as well as 
Christian books, and in the art of printing, 
to say nothing of the manifest moral eleva- 
tion of whole communities, had won the 
respect of government officials and all intel- 
ligent classes as no amount of catering to 
the prejudices of the literati could possibly 
have done. Not succeeding in gaining a 
place for their reply in the Sun, the officers 
of the Board were urged to publish it in all 
the religious papers. But they refrained. 
During the last summer an appeal was 
extensively circulated calling for $75,000 
for the establishment of an institute and 
museum, on a basis of national snd relig- 
ious neutrality. All propagandism of one 
faith or another had been excluded by 
an understanding had with the mandarins, 
who for this reason, and because Mr. Reid 
had made a certain concession to Chinese 
customs in mourning for the dead, gave 
their sanction to the scheme. Still nothing 
was published by the Board. But when the 
October number of The Church at Home 
and Abroad, supposed to be an organ of the 
Board, appeared with what many readers 
would regard as a virtual indorsement of 
Mr. Reid's plan, it was felt that the Board 
could no longer keep silence. It stated that 
a previous misgiving in the editor's mind 
had been removed and it quoted an in- 
dorsement from Dr. W. A. P. Martin, 
with the editorial declaration that, " No 
one is more capable of judging it or more 
favorably situated for observing it than 
Dr, Martin who has taken charge of the 
work in Mr. Reid's necessary absence." 
Here then was the testimony of an au- 
thority than whom no better could be 
found. With only the kindliest feeling 
toward both Dr. Nelson and Dr. Martin, 
the Board felt bound as a solemn duty to 
make widely known its position in regard to 
this secular scheme which it felt would 
prove a diversion from its effort to raise 
that heavy deficit, which has had the 
effect to close a number of institutions on 
the mission fields, concerning which there 
can be no doubt as to their positive mis- 
sionary character. Soon after the action of 
the Board was published, a prominent 
United States official, who is also an elder 



1898.] 



SIXTY SUCCESSFUL YEARS. 



113 



in the Presbyterian Church, said to one of 
the secretaries : " I am glad to see you, for 
I was intending to write you. What I 
wished to say or to write was that I most 
heartily approve the Board's action in 
regard to the enterprise of Rev. Gilbert 
Reid. I know all about his plan, and I 
think it would be a mistake to urge it 
upon the Church as in any sense a missionary 
enterprise, and especially at a time when the 
Board's work is so seriously crippled." It 
may be said of this man, in view of his 
thorough acquaintance with the official 
classes of China, and with all the bearings 
of this proposed enterprise, that no one 
is more capable of judging it or more 
favorably situated for observing it, than 
he. 

When Dr. Nelson learned that the Board 
had appealed to its missionaries to help raise 
the debt, he published in the Evangelist a 
well-intended but candid protest against 
that action as a mistake. With equal kind- 
ness and personal regard, the Board felt 
compelled to regard the notice of the 
International Institute in Pekin as a mis- 
take. Its love for Dr. Nelson remained 
unchanged. 



Death of Dr. Larson. 

A brief but sad notice just received by 
cable, announces the death by typhoid fever 
on Christmas day, of Miss Anna Larson, 
M.D., of the West Shantung Mission. 

Miss Larson was born in Sweden, January 
li, 1863; received her early education in 
her native country; graduated from the 
Training School for Nurses, Chicago, 1887, 
and from the Woman's Medical School, N. 
W. University, 1892; was appointed medi- 
cal missionary to China, May 16, 1892, 
sailing from London for her field January 
8, 1893. 

MISSIONAKY CALENDAR. 

DEPARTURES. 

November 27 — From San Francisco, returning 
to the Central China Mission, the Rev. George F. 
Fitch. 

December 18 — From San Francisco, returning to 
the West Shantung Mission, Miss Mary Brown, 
M.D. 

December 22 — From New York, returning to 
the Brazil Mission, Dr. H. M. Lane. 

ARRIVALS. 

December 2 — At New York, from the Guatemala 
Mission, the Rev. W. F. Gates. 

December 18 — At New York, from the Gaboon 
Mission, Mr. Oscar Roberts. 



SIXTY SUCCESSFUL YEARS. 
It is a jubilee year in all branches of the 
Presbyterian Church. It is the two hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of the adoption 
of the Westminster Confession ; it is also the 
sixtieth anniversary of the formation of the 
Board of Foreign Missions. Sixty years of 



prosperity and success should call forth 
special thanksgiving from all who love the 
Church and its missionary work, recording, 
as it does, a wonderful advance along all 
lines of effort, as is shown in the following 
tabular survey of the missions of the Pres- 
byterian Board by decades: 



Year. 


Missions. 


Stations 
and Out- 
stations. 


Mission- 
aries. 


Native 
Helpers. 


Churches. 
1 


Communicants. 


Pupils in 
Schools. 


Contributions 

from 

Home Churches. 


1837 


4 


6 


26 




12 


50 


$34,595 


1847 


15 


21 


94 


16 


8 


131 


1,165 


82,739 


1857 


22 


46 


201 


67 


30 


908 


4,595 


135,691 


*1867 


19 


58 


155 


195 


38 


1,490 


7,182 


209,104 


1877 


26 


215 


303 


611 


117 


9,632 


14,614 


471,971 


1887 


33 


460 


501 


1044 


310 


21,420 


23,239 


784,157 


1897 


26 


904 


708 


1802 


331 


30,644 


25,992 


808,928 



* The falling off in the number of missionaries and the communicants for the decade ending with 1867 was due to the 
interruption of mission work among the American Indians during the Civil War, 1861-65. 



The details of history are often hidden in 
a statistical statement, but a glance shows 
the gratifying advance which the Board has 
made during the past six decades. During 
the years embraced in these six periods there 
have been added to the native churches 



over 68,000 souls; the good accomplished 
in ways not admitting of numerical meas- 
urement cannot be known. It is much that 
foundations have been laid for vastly 
greater results to come. 



114 



BEHIND A VEIL. 



[February, 



HOW THE DEBT WAS RAISED. 

Rev. Henry C. Mabie, D.D., of the 
American Baptist Union, has given to the 
Missionary Review of the World a brief 
history of the movement in the Baptist 
churches for the payment of their Home 
and Foreign Mission debts, which amounted 
to nearly half a million of dollars. We 
only give the successive stages of that 
remarkable effort. 

1. Four great representative prayer con- 
ferences of two days each were held in the 
latter half of the last year in Boston, New 
York, Philadelphia and Chicago. Great 
spiritual power seemed to result from these 
meetings. 

2. About November, 1896 " certain 
Boston laymen came to consult with the 
secretaries of the Missionary Union. The 
result was a parlor conference of laymen at 
the house of one of the brethren in Boston, 
in which it was proposed that an effort be 
made at once to raise $75,000 for the debt 
in New England alone, and a committee 
was appointed to help raise it." 

8. " Mr. John D. Rockafeller was made 
aware of this movement, and a few weeks 
later a similar parlor meeting was held at 
his house in New York. ' ' At this meeting 
Mr. Rockafeller proposed to give $250,000 
toward the object if the Church would raise 
the other $236,000. 

4. Under the direction of Secretaries 
Morehouse of the Home Mission Society and 
Mabie of the Foreign Society, numerous 
parlor conferences were held and commit- 
tees appointed in different parts of the 
country. 

5. New England had been asked to raise 
$75,000, but in fact raised $82,000. New 
York city, Brooklyn and North New Jer- 
sey were called upon for $75,000, and they 
raised $76,000. Pennsylvania, South New 
Jersey and District of Columbia undertook 
to provide $30,000, and raised $31,000. 
Ohio, aiming at $12,000, reached $13,000. 
Indiana, calling for $3000, secured 
$6000. Michigan, asking for $5000, 
obtained $5600. Chicago and the Missis- 
sippi Valley reached $26,000, or $1000 
beyond what had been expected. The 
Pacific coast fell a little short of the $5000 
which it attempted to raise. 

The response made by the Church to Mr. 
Rockafeller was not merely $236,000, 
which it undertook to raise, but $253,000, 



or $3000 more than Mr. Rockafeller' s own 
gift, and it left a surplus of $17,000 beyond 
the debt. 

6. In the result there were found about 
5000 entries on the list representing all parts 
of this country and every mission field of 
the denomination. About $3000 was con- 
tributed by foreign missionaries, several of 
whom sent $100 each. About seventy -five 
missionaries subscribed. Several of the 
native churches in China, Assam and India 
also took part. 

It is perhaps worthy of note that while 
the missionaries of the Baptist Union gave 
$3000 toward the debt of a half-million, 
the missionaries of the Presbyter an Board, 
over 300 in number, have given aoout $10,- 
620, or more than three times $3000 toward 
a debt of $97,400. Will the Presbyte- 
rian churches provide the balance ? 

Dr. Mabie' s brief article is followed by 
touching quotations from letters received 
from missionaries and from the native 
churches concerning the debt. The Pres- 
byterian Board could publish a long list of 
such letters. 

BEHIND A VEIL. 

MRS. ROBERT E. SPEER. 

It is well for travelers that one cannot 
step in an hour from the heart of England 
or America, or those places where the 
influence of the Regenerator is strongest, 
to the centre of Persia, or any country 
where Islam prevails. The mental and 
spiritual shock — to one of keen sympathies 
— would be as great as that to one' s physical 
nature in an atmospheric change of eighty 
degrees. 

To a man this change is objective — he sees 
it, but it does not affect him — while a 
woman, in crossing the Arras river that 
separates Persia from Russia, feels that she 
is stepping backward from her end-of-the- 
century rights and privileges, to the posi- 
tion, in relation to man, of Esther to 
Ahasuerus. It is not easy for an American 
woman to realize the feeling with which she 
is regarded by dirty, half-civilized Orientals; 
and, realizing it, it is still less easy to submit 
to the inevitable, and yield gracefully to 
the customs of the country. It seems a 
small matter, in a way, to be thickly veiled 
in the street, to wear a cloak that conceals 
the outline of one's figure, and to have a 



1898.] 



MISSIONS IN THE FIRST CENTURY AND IN THE NINETEENTH. 



115 



man-servant trotting at one's heels as an 
invariable necessity in walking out (though 
this last is excessively inconvenient), but 
when one realizes little by little — by a ges- 
ture here, a sentence there, an incident 
under one's notice— the ideas that lie at the 
root of these customs and make them nec- 
essary, every drop of blood in one's veins 
tingles in revolt. One's instant inclination 
is to defy customs, or to cling to those of 
Western nations where women are not 
regarded as animals, objects of suspicion, 
distrust and contempt; but again one shrinks 
from doing things that to the observer seem 
shocking and disreputable, and a second 
thought reminds one that ideas must be 
changed first, customs later. 

When I found that in a Moslem neigh- 
borhood I must go to church and sit behind 
the door, out of sight, and almost beyond 
earshot of the service, that I must remain 
invisible when men were calling on my 
husband, having my tea handed to me 
through a slit in a curtain, I longed to have 
with me a woman— the daughter of one of 
the best-known Congregational ministers — 
who said to me once, in a conversation on 
missions to Islam, " But why bother the 
Mohammedans ? They have their own 
religion, and is it not quite good enough for 
them ?" I thought a few such experiences 
might convince her that a religion that 
would put her in such a position was not 
good enough for any one. I wished for her 
again when, with our friend, Mr. Hawkes, 
we were riding through the mountains at 
the southern end of Persian Kurdistan. A 
woman, tall, strong and supple, with the 
black fringe of her Kurdish headdress 
hanging like elf-locks around her face, came 
toward us, carrying a great load of cloth- 
ing and household articles on her back, and 
at the same time, with great difficulty, driv- 
ing a heavily laden cow. Some distance 
behind her was a man, a strapping big 
mountaineer, walking along with empty 
hands and an air of gentlemanly leisure. 
As we passed, Mr. Hawkes said to him, 
" Why don't you go and help that 
woman?" "Help her! Why she's my 
woman!" and his face wa3 as surprised as 
if we had suggested his carrying the cow. 
Both were his, and the woman and the cow 
were alike expected to do and to bear, to 
work and to suffer to the limit — and often 
beyond it — of their strength. 



But sometimes, even in Islam, weakness 
and suffering call out tenderness from 
strength. One day, while we were detained 
at the frontier by a quarantine cordon, I 
was above in our room. Every possible 
interpreter was away, when I heard foot- 
steps slowly and toilsomely climbing the 
winding mud stair. I looked up, and in 
the door stood an old man, carrying on his 
back a young girl who was evidently at 
death's door. From the few words I could 
catch I understood that I, a foreign Jchanum, 
and therefore supposedly a hakim, a doctor, 
was expected surely to cure the girl. The 
father had done his best in bringing her, 
and I was to do the rest — that was clear. 
But I, with the tongue neither of angels 
nor of men, could not explain that I 
was powerless, that I was not a hakim 
khanum, and, worst of all, I could not tell 
her how sorry I was for her, and when I 
had shaken my head several times the old 
man turned with his pitiful burden and 
went away, thinking, no doubt, that I could 
help, but would not. 

And shall we American women, with 
the forces of the world in our hands, shall 
we say to the women of Islam, whose eyes, 
perhaps blackened with antimony, perhaps 
misty with pain, look to us for help — " I 
ivillnotT' 

[It is only a picture, but how graphic and how 
full of meaning ! Widen it out until the portrait 
is made to cover all Moslem lands, and beyond 
these still further ranges of the millions of op- 
pressed and degraded women in heathen lands, and 
the response of every loyal heart must be, ' ' What 
wilt thou have me to do? " — Ed.] 



MISSIONS IN THE FIRST CENTURY 
AND IN THE NINETEENTH. 

PROF. CHALMERS MARTIN. 

[In Presbyterian and Reformed Review for October.] 

Let us ask now what has been the out- 
come of modern missions in converts and 
churches. The most striking difference 
between the apostolic and the modern mis- 
sionary enterprises in this regard is that 
while the preaching of the apostles was at 
one 3 effective for the conversion of souls, 
both among Jews and among Gentiles, 
modern missionaries have won converts 
usually only after long periods of waiting. 
Carey, for example, had been seven years 



116 



MISSIONS IN THE FIR3T CENTURY AND IN THE NINETEENTH. [February, 



in India before he baptized Krishna Pal, 
his first convert. Judson lacked but a fort- 
night of six years of missionary work 
when he welcomed Moung Nau, the first 
Burman to wear the yoke of Christ. Mor- 
rison landed in Canton in September, 1807 ; 
it was in 1814 that he baptized Tsai-A-Ko 
at the little spring near the city of Macao. 
Samuel Marsden and his associates labored 
seventeen years in New Zealand before they 
made a convert. The Telugu mission of 
the American Baptists was maintained for 
thirty years with so little success that the 
Missionary Union again and again debated 
the propriety of abandoning it. These are 
to a certain extent typical instances of the 
long patience with which the modern mis- 
sionary husbandman has had to wait the 
sprouting of the seed. This fact is to some 
minds very disheartening. Some earnest 
friends of missions do not hesitate to avow 
the conviction that there must be something 
radically wrong in missionary methods 
where progress in conversions is so slow. If 
this phenomenon had been confined to a 
few fields we might be tempted to concur in 
this opinion; but, as already said, it has 
been rather the rule than the exception in 
modern missionary experience. No doubt 
mistakes of method have been made. 
Marsden, in New Zealand, for instance, 
confessed that he had at first shared the 
error held by Hans Egede when he went to 
Greenland, that civilization must precede 
Christianization. But however this may 
have been in individual instances, the true 
explanation, we feel sure, is to be found in 
those differences which have already been 
alluded to between the Roman empire in 
New Testament times and the great heathen 
lands of to-day. The original apostles 
addressed their own countrymen, speaking 
the same tongue, holding the same tradi- 
tions, wearing the same garb, presenting the 
same type of culture with themselves. 
Paul, while he was a Jew in race and 
religious training, was also a Roman citizen 
in many respects indistinguishable from the 
great mass of men among whom he labored 
in Asia Minor, Macedonia and Achaia. 
The Greek tongue was a vehicle which has 
never yet been surpassed in the history of 
human speech for the spoken and written 
proclamation of the truth. Modern mis- 
sionaries, on the other hand, have gone to 
nations utterly unlike themselves in race, 



customs, culture, religion. They have been 
compelled to give weary years to the study 
of strange tongues and to the breaking down 
of the suspicions with which the heathen 
have regarded them. When they have 
acquired the language of the people, they 
have in many instances found it so crude, 
so debased in its forms of thought, that 
only with the greatest pains, and very 
imperfectly even then, could the thoughts 
of God be expressed in it. Often, too, the 
minds of the people have been imbued with 
bitter prejudice against the missionaries by 
the crimes of dishonesty, violence and lust 
that have been committed by men nominally 
representatives of the Christian religion. 
Modern missionaries have not had either the 
gift of tongues or the power of miracle to. 
attract attention and attest the truth of 
their message. 

We may remind ourselves, too, that the 
apostles were not everywhere equally suc- 
cessful. Paul had small fruit of his labor 
among the Jews of Pisidian Antioch or 
among the Gentiles of Athens. And what 
is more than all in this connection, " the 
times and the seasons ' ' now as of old are 
kept in the Father's authority. The same 
sovereign Lord who kept the hundred and 
twenty waiting ten days before he endued 
them with power, may choose to keep his 
servants of the present age waiting as many 
years and then at last to send the Pentecost. 
This has been, in fact, the history of many 
a field. Missionaries have believed that it 
would be so, and so it has been. When 
Judson had been three years in Rangoon, he 
wrote to Luther Rice: " If any ask what 
success I met with among the natives, tell 
them to look at Otaheite, where the mission- 
aries labored for twenty years, and, not 
meeting with the slightest success, began to 
be neglected by the Christian world, and the 
very name of Otaheite began to be a shame 
to Christian missions ; and now the blessing 
begins to come. Tell them to look at 
Bengal, also, where Dr. Thomas had been 
laboring seventeen years (that is, from 1783 
to 1800) before the first convert, Krishna, 
was baptized. When a few converts are 
once made, things will move on, but it 
requires a much longer time than I have been 
here to make a first impression on a heathen 
people. If they ask again, What prospect 
of ultimate success is there ? tell them as 
much as there is in an almighty and faithful 



1898.] 



MISSIONS IN THE FIRST CENTCJRY AND IN THE NINETEENTH. 



117 



God who will perform his promises, and no 
more. If this does not satisfy them, beg 
them to let you come, and to give us our 
bread; or if they are unwilling to risk 
their bread on such a forlorn hope as has 
nothing but the word of God to sustain it, 
beg of them at least not to prevent others 
from giving us bread ; and if we live some 
twenty or thirty years, they may hear from 
us again " (" Life of Adoniram Judson," 
pp. 92, 93). Such was the voice of good 
cheer that came like the voice of Daniel 
from the bottom of the den of lions. May 
it rebuke some who, in sunlight and safety, 
are half-heartedly " holding 'the ropes." 
And how was Judson' a] faith justified ? 
When he died, says his biographer, the 



Burmese Christians numbered over seven 
thousand, besides hundreds who had died 
rejoicing in Jesus. He had finished the 
translation of the Bible. There were sixty- 
three churches established among the Bur- 
mans and Karens. These churches were 
under the care of 163 missonaries, native 
pastors and assistants. The foundations of 
Christianity had been laid deep down in the 
Burman heart where they could never be 
washed away. Judson died in 1850. Re- 
cent reports of the Baptist Missionary 
Union show in Burmah twenty -five stations, 
665 outstations, 150 native preachers, 500 
other native laborers, 600 native churches, 
more than half of them self-supporting, 
and 33,000 church members, of whom 2400 




Toda Mund, Villagers aud Hut, Southern India, 



118 



THE INDIANS OF BRAZIL. 



[February, 



had been baptized in a single year, and who 
out of deep poverty were giving more than 
$5000 annually to the cause of Christ. 

And as Judson pleaded to be allowed to 
remain in Burmah, so did Mr. and Mrs. 
Jewett plead for the maintenance of the 
"Lone Star" mission to the Telugus of 
India. This mission was founded, says Dr. 
A. T. Pierson (" Divine Enterprise of Mis- 
sions," p. 302ff.), in 1835. Mr. Jewett 
joined it in 1848. In 1853, Dr. Samuel F. 
Smith's poem, " Shine on, lone star," gave 
it its name and secured for it a new lease of 
life. In 1865 it was reinforced by Rev. J. 
E. Clough. In 1867, two converts had 
been baptized. But in 1868, the two had 
become three-score and ten. In 1870, the 
Church had 709 members; in 1871, 1200; 
in 1872, 1650; in 1875, 2600; in 1876, 
4000. In one day in 1877 — a veritable 
nineteenth -century day of Pentecost - 2222 
were baptized. In three weeks of the same 
year, 5400; in seven weeks, 8600. At the 
end of this year the Church numbered 
12,000. There are now in this field about 
60,000 adult Christians. 

The Methodist Episcopal mission in India 
having Bareilly as its centre was founded in 
1856. In 1864 Dr. Butler reported that 
161 converts had been gathered and 
organized into ten churches, with four native 
preachers. In 1891, Dr. Scott of the same 
mission wrote home, " We are baptizing old 
and young, a thousand a month." In 
1893 there were 18,000 additions to the 
Church, and in the five years then closing, 
45,000. And to say in a word what can 
be put in the form of statistics, when the 
century of missions began there were in all 
heathendom less than 200 missionaries and 
50,000 converts. When it closed there 
were 6000 missionaries, 30,000 native evan- 
gelists, one-sixth of whom were ordained, 
5700 churches and 750,000 living Church 
members, forming the nucleus of a Christian 
cDmmunity of not less than 3,000,000. 



THE INDIANS OF BRAZIL. 

H. M. LANE, M.D. 

According to General Couto de Magal- 
haes, a competent Brazilian authority, author 
of " The Savage," the wild tribes of Brazil 
may be safely estimated at a round million. 
German travelers put the figures much 
higher. When we consider that the State 



of S. Paulo, the oldest, most advanced and 
populous State of the republic, but though 
only the tenth in size, has an unexplored 
and almost inaccessible region on her west- 
ern border three times the size of Massa- 
chusetts, peopled by fierce, wild Indians 
who make annual forays on the border 
settlers, we may appreciate the difficulty of 
estimating the numbers of the savage 
Indians in the vast interior which is still a 
terra incognita. It is probable that there 
are nearer two millions than one, without 
counting the numerous bands of tame Indi- 
ans and half-breeds. 

Von Martius divided the Indians of Bra- 
zil into eight great families or nations, on a 
basis of language. The Guaranys or Tupys 
— warrior tribes — have been very badly scat- 
tered, having borne the first shock of the 
invader. Small bodies detaching them- 
selves from the parent tribe took the name 
of the subchief, and soon lost their identity 
with the nation and became a tribe with the 
new name; so that on the confines of S. 
Paulo, Matto Grosso and Goyaz, there are 
upwards of 200 of these small predatory 
bodies spoken of as tribes. 

It was my privilege to entertain the chief 
of one of the other great tribes — Sepe, 
chief of the Cherente nation or tribe. This 
tribe now consists of 4000 adult men with 
the usual proportion of women and children. 
The Chavantes, Apinages, Caiapos, Pivo- 
cas, Carajas and Canoeiros are offshoots of 
the Cherentes. The word Cherente comes 
from a custom of shaving the crown of the 
head and means literally the Indians of the 
shaven crowns. 

This chief, unlettered as he was, weaned 
from savagery but not from his pagan beliefs, 
is a remarkable man — grave, dignified 
and intelligent, filled with a genuine interest 
for the advancement of his people and with 
large and sound ideas of bringing the scat- 
tered elements together. He came to the 
coast in search of a teacher. These tribes 
inhabit the beautiful and rich central 
plateau of Goyaz near the headwaters of Ihe 
Tocantins and Araguaya. The Chavantes 
are said to be the finest physical specimens 
of men in all South America — tall, erect, 
symmetrically formed, with straight eyes, 
aquiline noses and red skins, distinguished 
from the low Botucudos with yellow skins 
and slanting eyes, evidently of Mongolian 
stock. 



1898.] 



THE INDIANS OF BRAZIL. 



119 




Native Hut, State of Vera Cruz, Mexico. 



The Cherentes and Chavantes were cate- 
chised, some fifty years ago, by two Jesuits, 
the Taggia brothers, Rafael going among 
the Cherentes. They were tamed, but not 
Christianized. They abandoned some of 
their savage feasts, including the custom of 
eating their friends who had died. This 
they did from quasi religious motives, viz., 
that they might be corporeally assimilated 
and thus more intimately identified with 
them. 

They have fairly clear ideas of a life 
beyond the grave, as do most of the Indians 
of Brazil. Their heaven, where they are 
made strong and valiant, is within the 
earth, and is reached through a narrow and 
difficult hole or path; Hades is in the sky, 
and a place of sickness, feebleness and con- 
stant fear. Their custom of bringing up 
their children is singular. The girls are 
kept at home, but the boys, at an early age, 
are placed in charge of a species of brother- 
hood, secluded, in a house set apart, and 
are there reared under severe restraints and 
trained in all arts of the hunt. 

There is a tradition that the nation sprang 
from two brothers, and that, in order to 
avoid becoming weak, they entered into an 
agreement not to intermarry, i. e. , to avoid 



hereditary weakness, and so the two families 
became almost separate tribes. The tribes 
are distinguished by peculiar face marks. 

There is a special officer who sees to the 
marking, a species of priest in whose charge 
are the implements of war, the belongings 
of religious festivals, the sacred instrument 
of music, which no woman may look upon. 
They have only one wife, but have two 
kinds of marriage, one civil which binds 
lightly, and the other a complicated relig- 
ious ceremony which unites for life. They 
have beliefs, common to all the Indian 
tribes, in good and bad spirits and also of 
one great Spirit who is over all, but they 
have no worship, no adoration — they simply 
court the various good spirits and fear the 
evil ones. The mixing up of vague ideas 
of saint worship and the Virgin, learned 
from the Jesuit missionaries, has not dis- 
turbed them in the least in their old notions 
of spirits; it has only given a few more. 
The idea of the Fatherhood of God, or of 
a true God even, never enters their head. 

The Jesuits who accompanied the early 
Portuguese colonists and who undoubtedly 
did a great work for the Indians, in the 
light of that day — in the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries — reported that the 



120 



THE INDIANS OF BRAZIL. 



[February, 



Indians of Brazil were simply brutes — sem 
lei nem fe, nem rei — i. e., that they were 
without faith, law or king, and their lan- 
guage had no sound of I, / or r. This was 
a gross error, as they all have some belief 
in a future, and in unseen powers, most of 
them a well -understood though simple code 
of laws and all of them a chief with 
authority. 

Idols may be found on the upper Amazon, 
to represent this or that protecting spirit, as 
the spirit of the hunt, of animals and of 
death. On the Yamunda, the region where 
Orellana located his race of Amazons, is 
found the green jade stone, worn as an 
amulet, sometimes curiously carved and 
evidently of Asiatic origin. These Indians 
believe in a triune God, Pilan — the god of 
war, the god of good and the god of evil — 
Epanamum, Meulen and Wancuba, three in 



one. 



In all the tribes there are religious cere- 
monies and feasts, and in many of them idols ; 
they do not, however, worship the idol or 
the spirit or power it symbolizes, but set it 
up to protect this or that thing or act. The 
low Tapuya even make ciude images of 
animals and reptiles, but have no external 
ceremonies, though some vague idea of life 
beyond the grave, as shown by furnishing 
the dead with arms and food. The feasts 
and festivals vary with the different tribes, 
but with a strong resemblance running 
through them all. The Mauhes have their 
Ve-peria, the MunduruTcus their feast of 
the mother of animals; the spirits good and 



To the missionary laborer in far lands, 
mastering with difficulty unknown tongues, 
surrounded by unfamiliar arts and dusky 
faces, toiling for years to make a few souls 
know something of him who taught in Pales- 
tine, the future is as certain as if he touched 
it; and that future, to his exulting expecta- 
tion, is to be as radiant with glory as the sky 
over Calvary was heavy with gloom — as 
resplendent with lovely celestial lights as 
to his imagination, if you hold that the fac- 
ulty chiefly ccncerned, was the mount of the 
Lord's supreme ascension. He expects 
long toil, and many disasters, incarnadined 
seas, dreary wildernesses, battles with giants, 
and spasms of fear in the heart of the 
Church. But he looks, as surely as he looks 
for the sunrise, for the ultimate illumination 
of the world by the faith. — Dr. R. S. Storrs. 



bad come from above, except with the 
Cherentes and kindred tribes, where the 
good spirits come from below and the bad 
ones from above. 

The Guarays have a kind of temple like 
that of the Cherentes, where the sacred 
instruments and certain war tools are kept 
and where a woman may not enter. Their 
religious ceremonies are performed in these 
places. The Tupys believe in an invisible 
god, and have their Pages or priests. The 
great spirit is Monhan, the builder, the 
author. He created Trin Mage, from whose 
head sprung Tupan, the triune God. Mon- 
han had two sons, one good, who tilled the 
ground; another bad, who was a hunter. 
The bad one tried to kill the other, but, 
striking the ground with his heel, a spring 
of water was started that soon flooded the 
world and covered the highest mountains. 
The two brothers climbed into a genipapo 
tree and were saved. Everybody else was 
drowned. This is reported in the '■' Cos- 
mographie Universel ' ' of Andre Thenet, 
published by F. Denis of Paris, and is 
entitled ' ' Fragment of Brazilian Theogony, 
collected in 1541. " 

The whole subject is intensely interesting, 
and these legends and dim outlines of a 
belief in the immortality of the soul and an 
invisible and overruling power have their 
bearing upon the great question of Chris- 
tianizing and civilizing. They are our 
brothers and Christ died for them as for us. 
Have we no duty toward these children of 
the forests of South America ? 



My brethren, we need to be aroused to 
the very bottom of our hearts, to be stirred 
to the very depths of our souls concerning that 
about which we ordinarily think so little, 
and yet which is so essential for that com- 
munion of saints in which we declare our 
belief whenever we repeat the Creed — we 
need to be aroused to understand that Chris- 
tian worship without prayer for the spread- 
ing of the truth of God, that Christian life 
without thought of the work which the 
Lord has put upon us, and that the devo- 
tion and the self-surrender which marks the 
Christian as distinct from all others — all 
this does not complete the Christian charac- 
ter if it is all wrapped up in ourselves, and 
we forget the many millions that have not 
yet received the message which has saved 
ourselves, — The Archbishop of Canterbury. 



1898.] 



THE UNBELIEVING WORLD. 



121 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad. 

February. — The Unbelieving World. 

(a) The vastness of the field. 

b) The world without the gospel. 

c) Barriers to the truth. 

d) The world's religions ; how to meet them. 

e) The nominal Christian churches. 
) Christianity the only saving faith. 

" Foreign Missions After a Century." Jas. S. 
Dennis, D.D. Ke veil, New York. $1.50. 

"Modern Missions in the East." Edw. A. 
Lawrence. Harper, New York. $1.75. 

"The Evangelization of the World." Broom- 
hall. Kevell, New York. $1.00. 

" Christian Missions." J. H. Seelye, D.D. 

' l Missionary Addresses. ' ' J. M. Thoburn, D. D. 
Methodist Book Concern, New York. 60 cents. 

"The Christless Nations." J. M. Thoburn, 
D.D. Methodist Book Concern, New York. 
$1.00. 

" Oriental Religions and Christianity." F. F. 
Ellinwood, D.D. Scribner, New York. $1.75. 

" Non-Christian Religions of the World." Se- 
lected from "Living Paper Series." Sir Wm. 
Muir and others. Kevell, New York. $1.00. 

Leaflets : 

"The Religions of the Orient." Jacob 
Chamberlain, D.D. Foreign Missions Library, 
156 Fifth avenue, N. Y. 2 cents each. 

"A Mute Appeal." Address W. B. Jacobs, 
Room 30, 132 La Salle street, Chicago, 111. 

"A Plea for China." Wm. Ashmore, D.D. 
Am. Bapt. Miss. Union, Tremont Temple, Boston. 

THE UNBELIEVING WORLD. 

JAMES S. DENNIS, D.D. 

An unbelieving world is one which is 
without the knowledge of the true God, 
since it is only by faith that we can truly 
know him. A mere intellectual perception 
of God is possible, but it is so restricted 
and limited, so imperfect in its grasp, and 
fails so conspicuously in its guiding and 
controlling power over the life, that it can- 
not be counted as true knowledge of the 
Most High. 

GODS MANY AND LOKDS MANY. 

The unbelieving world, as we speak of it 
in this connection, must be regarded as one 
which is not even intellectually acquainted 
with the true God, being almost wholly out 
of touch with him. It is pantheistic, or 
polytheistic, or, either through thoughtless- 
ness or indifference, quite unconscious of the 
spiritual mystery of the one God. It is not 
without religious worship and obedience, yet 
it is so betrayed by false teachings, so de- 



ceived by misleading traditions, so mis- 
guided, so willfully perverse and zealous in 
the ways of error, that the living and true 
God has become a fable and a by-word to its 
inhabitants. They have gods many and 
lords many, but no one god worthy of the 
name. They have many inventions and 
divers wonders, enough 1o fill a great 
museum with startling and pathetic curios. 
They have made wonderful excursions into 
the heights above and the depths beneath, 
but they have brought back only philosoph- 
ical guesses, bold and often gross imagina- 
tions, childish vagaries, or painful and 
solemn travesties. We can find traces of 
the primeval truth concerning God in their 
religious notions, but so faint and" uncertain, 
so linked with superstitions and often over- 
loaded with errors, that they fail to accentu- 
ate themselves. Into the realm of evangeli- 
cal truth — that blessed wonderland of the 
incarnation, atonement and mediatorial 
reign of Christ, they do not and cannot 
enter. The New Testament in his blood is 
as nothing in comparison with Buddha's 
tooth or Mohammed's sword. There are 
thousands of repulsive idols upon which 
they would rather look than to see his face. 
There are malevolent demons and loathsome 
monsters in their pantheon, who are pre- 
ferred before the Lord of glory, and whose 
horrid vices are admired more than his hal- 
lowed example. It is too dreadful to con- 
template — this blackness of darkness which 
broods over the unbelieving world. 

THE SORROWS OF A GODLESS WORLD. 

If a world is out of touch with God it is 
sure to become a prey to evil. Life be- 
comes full of the hopeless sorrows, the deso- 
lating woes, the pains, miseries, and sting- 
ing griefs of an unlovely and cruel struggle 
for existence. If here in Christendom, 
where we have so much heavenly light upon 
life, that struggle is so full of pain and 
disappointment, what must it be where 
ignorance is at its worst and humanity 
gropes in darkness ? Sin is a terrible 
shadow even here. It brings gloom and 
terror into our lives until we take refuge 
under the shelter of the Cross, and even 
then we must watch and pray. What 
power it must have to blight and destroy all 
that is fair in humanity, if it is practically 
without restraint. In the best lands of 
Christian civilization crime and cruel wrong, 



122 



THE UNBELIEVING WORLD. 



[February, 




Ancestral Worship, China. 



though warned by the law and reasonably 
sure of swift punishment, are difficult to 
restrain. What deeds of fiendish horror, 
what unnamable atrocities are perpetrated 
every day in that great world where there 
is no God in all their thoughts! It is a 
comfort to think that the necessities of 
national and social life have demanded and 
secured some measures of prohibition and 
that the natural kindness of human feeling 
insures some degree of protection. Yet the 
reign of evil is still too terrible to picture. 
To be without God is to be without hope. 

THE STORY OF A DAY IN HEATHENDOM. 

It has been said that one-half the popula- 
tion of a great city does not know how the 
other half lives. It is just as true that 
one-half the world does not know the social 
status of the other half. If we who live 
amidst the best civilization of all the cen- 
turies have to shudder over our morning 
papers, what think you must be the story of 
a day in that world which is as yet under 



the sway of partial barbarism or pure sav- 
agery ? If we could have spread upon our 
breakfast tables some morning in the style 
of the sensational journalism of our day an 
African Gazette or an Asiatic Chronicle, 
giving the previous day's record of Satanic 
revelry and human sorrow in those conti- 
nents, we should have little appetite and 
plenty of reading for the rest of the day. 
Some one has written a book with the title 
11 Letters from Hell," but without any very 
great tax upon the imagination he might 
have found many a dark corner of the earth 
from which to date them. The fact that 
society has a more or less effective system 
of self-defense pretty much everywhere is 
something for which to be grateful. But 
that this self-protection fails at a thousand 
points, and is but a vain reliance in many 
an hour of need and peril, is all too sadly 
true. The iron rule of custom, the helpless 
drift of social degeneracy, the unsympathetic 
callousness of public opinion, the mean 
cunning, cruel selfishness and bold despera- 



1898.] 



THE VASTNES3 OF THE FIELD. 



123 



tion of criminal instincts and heartless 
greed, all conspire to make life a long dark 
story of suffering to vast multitudes of our 
sensitive fellow-creatures. 

SOME SEARCHING QUESTIONS. 

Can God be satisfied with this state of 
things ? Is it to be supposed that he is 
pleased or is at all content with an unbe- 
lieving world ? Surely he cannot be. And 
has he not shown, in his providential contact 
with human history, in his efforts to over- 
come man's perversity, in his sacrifices on 
behalf of our fallen race, and in his un- 
speakably generous and tender readiness to 
help us, that he would gladly restore the 
world to purity and holiness ? There is 
then one thought which this subject suggests 
with intense solemnity and resistless pathos : 
Ought we to be satisfied or carelessly con- 
tent while this great unbelieving world goes 
on its way, marching with us step by step 
into eternity ? Will it answer for us to 
ignore it, to be oblivious to it, to pass it by, 
and seek to press on our way alone towards 
God and heaven ? How shall we feel when 
we reach Christ's presence and realize as 
never before that once for all we have lived 
our one life in a world for which he died, 
and have done so little for its restoration 
and salvation ? Are we sure that we can 
ever recover from the shock of that painful 
self-conviction ? Although Christ should 
not say a word of reproach to us, how can 
we look upon those wounds and not feel 
that we have lost one of the dearest and 
tenderest ties of sympathy if we have no 
fellowship with him in his struggle to save 
the world ? Will it not aggravate the eter- 
nal regret of a selfish Christianity — if indeed 
such a Christianity can enter more than 
some outer court of heaven — that we had 
our gospel in trust for others and used it 
only to save ourselves ? 

MISSION DEBTS AND THE WAY OUT. 

This is not so much a question of contri- 
butions in money to the spread of Christ's 
kingdom. We must not make too much 
of that aspect of the subject, however 
important it may be on its practical side. 
Missions are far more than a financial syndi- 
cate for the dissemination of the gospel. It 
is first of all, a question of interest, of 
sympathy, of prayer, of fellowship with 
Christ, and readiness to cooperate with 
him in the attainment of his supreme de- 



sire. If Christ's people were with him 
heart and soul in the purpose to save the 
unbelieving world, if devotion and happy 
loving service springing out of sympathetic 
interest were more characteristic of our 
Christianity, we should have no trouble 
with financial distress in our mission treasu- 
ries. We would have Christ's blessing and 
his powerful help in such wonderful measure 
that we would not be bothered with debts 
and monetary collapses. There would be so 
many things to rejoice over in the progiess 
of his kingdom that a little cash stringency 
now and then would lose its power to worry 
us. Victory would not seem to our jubilant 
hearts to be so much a matter of dollars 
and cents. We should catch that spirit of 
calmness and assurance which Christ pos- 
sesses; we should hear the orders of the 
Throne and cheerfully do our part towards 
their fulfillment. 

THE VASTNESS OF THE FIELD. 

"THE FIELD IS THE WORLD." 

The population of the world is estimated 
at 1,496,000,000 souls. Of these 1,062,- 
000,000 can be classed as non-Christian, or 
those to whom the gospel has not been sent. 
Of the remainder 140,000,000 are Protes- 
tants, 294,000,000 Greek and Roman 
Catholics. Rev. E. E. Strong, D.D., of 
the American Board, gives the following 
statistics of the work thus far begun by 
Protestant Missionary Societies: 

The missionary societies of the United 
States, Canada, Great Britain, Continental 
Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia num- 
ber 249, with 4694 stations and 15,200 
outstations. There are 11,659 missionaries, 
64,290 native laborers, and 1,121,699 com- 
municants. There are 913,478 persons 
under instruction, and the income in all 
these countries is $12,988,687. 

The foreign missionary societies of 
Great Britain and Ireland comprise 3184 
stations, 8139 outstations, 5287 European 
missionaries, 29,704 native laborers, 371,- 
785 communicants (16,870 of whom were 
added last year). The number of pupils 
under instruction was 494,515, and the 
income in Great Britain was $6,106,593. 
The total income of British foreign mission- 
ary and kindred societies was $8,054,196. 

The thirty-three foreign missionary 
societies of the evangelical Churches of the 



124 bajrriers to the truth. [February, 

United States report 1083 principal stations, population of 33,000,000, has a number of 

6247 outstations, 3574 American mission- European and American societies working 

aries, 15,504 native laborers, 3836 churches, among the nominal Catholic interior tribes 

with 430,266 communicants, of whom 34,- of native Indians. 

870 were added last year; 232,563 pupils In Turkey, Egypt, Arabia and the Island 

under instruction, and a total income of of the Sea there are fortv-seven societies. 
14,333,611. Mexico, with an area of nearly 800,000 

The foreign missionary societies in square miles and a population in 1892 of 

Canada report eighty -nine principal stations, 11,600,000, has eight societies at work. 
227 outstations, 242 Canadian missionaries, The distribution of the missions of the 

506 native laborers, 112 churches, with Presbyterian Church and its force are as 

9141 communicants, of whom 1040 were follows: 

added last year. The native contributions Mission- Native Church- Commu- 

were $32,339, and the contributions in ... arie % Hel ^ rs - e " ni ^ ts " 

n j moo -no Africa 33 50 8 12b, 

Canada $283, i 06. _ _ China 185 511 72 

I he distribution of these missions is as India hi 334 28 3093 

follows: Japan ;>s 100 35 5269 

Africa, with a population of over 168,- Korea 33 30 10 530 

000,000 and covering an area equal to Persia GO 276 29 24*4 

Europe and North America combined, has Siam and Laos 63 92 24 2496 

43 missions, not including Madagascar. Mexico 23 104 42 2191 

China, with an area of over 2,000,000 Central and South 

square miles and an estimated population £ menca f Q ^ ',; ^ 

of 400,000,000, has over thirty Protestant Chinese in" u.'s. ".'.'.' 10 11 3 303 

societies now at work. 

Japan, with an area of 150,000 square Totills 70 ^ "« 331 30 « 644 

miles and a population in 1890 of over tu^t^o TO THF TRTTTH 

40,000,000, has now eighteen societies. BAKKlLKb IO lHh 1KU1H. 

Korea, one of the more recent mission These are many in this last decade of the 

fields, has an area of 82,000 square miles, nineteenth century. Of late they have 

and an estimated population of 10,000,000. seemed to increase at the same time that 

It was occupied by the Presbyterian Board many encouragements have brightened the 

in 1884 as one of the very first of the outlook. But there never has been a time 

evangelical societies to enter Korea. It has during the whole Christian era when the 

now more than six societies. work of winning the world to Christ was 

India, covering the vast area of 1,800,- not a veritable warfare with principalities 

000 square miles, and with its mixed popu- and powers. In the darkest periods the 

lation of over 287,000,000, has forty evan- Church has often made the grandest prog- 

gelical societies. ress, and by this time all intelligent 

Siam and Laos, covering an area of over followers of Christ should have learned that 

200, 000 square miles, and with a popula- ' ' they that be for us are more than they 

tion of 6,000,000, has only two societies, that be against us, even our enemies them- 

one of which confines its efforts largely to selves being judges. ' ' The very successes 

work among the Chinese population. of Christian conquest may naturally be 

Persia, covering over 628,000 square expected to stir up increased opposition, 

miles and with a population of about The old systems of error have awakened 

9,000,000, the greater part Mohammedans, from a slumber of ages to a quickened zeal 

has only two evangelical societies. in view of the supposed encroachment of 

Syria, with a total length from north to Christian truth and Christian civilization, 

south of 400 miles, and an area of 115,000 One can hardly wonder that the Aryan 

square miles, and a population of over spirit in India and the pride of a race 

2,000,000, Moslems 'predominating, has which claims to have been the originator of 

sixteen societies engaged in various kinds of all enlightenment and all religion should be 

mission work. stirred. Western agnosticism and all forms 

Central and South America, with its vast of skeptical speculation have encouraged in 

area of over 14,000,000 square miles and a the educated Hindus a revolt against the 



1898.] 



BA^RIEKS TO THE TRUTH. 



125 




Hindu Lying on Spikes. 



Form of torture seen at the Mela, at the junction of the Ganges 
and Jumna rivers. 



propagation of the gospel. The theosophy 
of the West has joined hands with Buddh- 
ism in resisting the spirit of gospel truth, — 
resolved, as Mr. H. B. Olcott expresses it, 
to unite with India in tearing Christianity 
to tatters. 

The influence of the Anglo-Indian gov- 
ernment in higher education has also been 
found of late to have strengthened the 
general Aryan and still more the Moham- 
medan opposition to Christian propagand- 
ism. The weapons which advanced educa- 
tion, unaccompanied by religious influence, 
has placed in the hands of leaders of 
thought in India, have by Mohammedans 
especially been turned to account in stimu- 
lating the jealous populations, and possibly 
the end is not yet. 

A letter from Rev. S. H. Kellogg, D.D., 
of India, published in the Presbyterian 
Banner of December 1, in alluding to the 
great unrest of the Mohammedan popula- 
tions, seems confident that the vigorous 
measures of the Anglo-Indian government 
are adequate to secure safety, but he hints 
that but for this there might have been an 
uprising of the native populations more fierce 
and destructive than the Sepoy rebellion of 



1857. Still other reasons exist. A European 
official on retiring recently from civil service 
in India assigned as one cause for this 
widespread discontent and lack of loyalty, 
the insulting and overbearing demeanor of 
Englishmen toward the natives. He urges 
upon British residents in India the impor- 
tance of a change in this respect. No one 
who has traveled in the far East, and has 
had much opportunity for observation, ha's 
failed to notice the insolence and even 
brutality of certain classes of Englishmen 
and other Europeans toward the native 
population. Nothing but hatred can be the 
result of such conduct on the part of indi- 
viduals, even though the British government 
in India may be humane. 

Moreover, there can be but little question 
that the success of the Turkish government 
in the Grseco-Turkish war of 1897, together 
with the animosities created by the severe 
criticisms of Christendom upon the Turkish 
authorities in Armenia, have done much to 
reinforce the arrogance and the hatred of 
all Mohammedan peoples. The renewed 
confidence and fierceness of the fanatical 
force which England is encountering in the 
Soudan doubtless is traceable to the same 



126 



CHRISTIANITY TBE ONLY FAITH. 



[February, 



causes. Little seems to be expected from 
the diplomacy of the European powers. 

The evacuation of Thessaly by the Turk- 
ish troops is no longer looked for by anybody 
who understands the diplomatic situation. 
The Turkish forces are making evident 
arrangements to stay, by usurping munici- 
pal as well as military power. 

A recent editorial in The Independent 
publishes a rumor that the German emperor 
has promised the Sultan that he shall not 
be driven from Thessaly, and that his mili- 
tary occupation of Crete shall not be 
disturbed. 

Meanwhile, one of the tactics of the 
Turkish government is to lavish polite 
attention upon American travelers, who in 
turn are expected to supply their Western 
readers with eoleur de rose disquisitions 
upon the high-minded, statesman-like and 
philanthropic spirit and aim of the Turkish 
empire as against the alleged misrepresenta- 
tions of missionaries and other friends of 
oppressed Christian sects. 

Among those who have fallen into this 
snare is a president of one of our prominent 
universities. To say that the Turkish 
government is thoroughly aroused and em- 
bittered against American missions and 
American influence generally, is to put the 
facts mildly. The outlook is not altogether 
clear, yet the missionary work continues to 
prosper, and what is more than all, the 
Lord reigneth. But it is in the far East 
that the missionary barometer shows the 
greatest disturbance. In Korea down to 
date there is indeed unusual encouragement 
for missionary effort. It has been said more 
than once that Korea, or parts of it, at 
least, are now in the same receptive condi- 
tion that Japan was fifteen years ago; but as 
in Japan there has been an abatement of 
interest, and in some respects a closing of 
open doors, so also the golden opportunity 
in Korea may pass away. 

The diplomatic situation is not assur- 
ing. The question seems to be not whether 
Korea shall be strengthened in its au- 
tonomy and shall rise to an honorable and 
influential position among the nations of the 
East, but simply which foreign power shall 
come in for the larger portion of the spoil. 
To-day Russia seems to be in the ascendent, 
and there is more or less of apprehension 
that missionary eftort may sooner or later 
be embarrassed, if not seriously checked. 



On the other hand, it may be that such fears 
are groundless. In any case there is reason 
to pray earnestly that nothing may hinder 
the continued progress of the gospel and of 
all true enlightenment, and that after so 
many centuries of depression, resulting from 
foreign domination, Korea may rise to a 
higher national life, and above all may 
become a Christian nation. 

In China just at the moment the prospect 
seems to indicate a probable partition of 
the coast or its strategic points among Euro- 
pean powers. A first glance at the situa- 
tion seems unfavorable to the progress of 
the truth in China ; but there have been 
so many instances in the history of Christian 
missions in which, though human plans were 
utterly selfish, the divine plan proved to 
be all -wise and beneficent, that those who 
look and pray for China's evangelization 
have no need to be discouraged. As to 
4 ' civilizing' ' China, there may be enough and 
even too much of it, if it is to mean simply 
a scramble for European ascendency, with 
all the accompaniments of military power, 
political intrigue and widespread social 
corruption. But the errand of the Church 
of Christ in China is clear and unmistak- 
able. It is to diffuse the influence of the 
gospel until it shall dominate and sanctify 
all other forces. Our Western civilization 
without this might even be a curse, and it 
would be far better to leave the great empire 
to the sedative influence of old custom, and 
the frugality and contentment which have 
preserved the national life for so many ages. 

The race of the European and the 
Mohammedan powers for possession of 
Africa still continues. The revolution 
which occurred in Uganda in July, when 
the cruel and beastly King M wan ga revolted 
against the constraint of British authority, 
because it put serious limitations upon his 
unspeakable vice, appears to have collapsed. 
Mwangas are no longer possible in that part 
of East Africa. 



CHRISTIANITY THE ONLY FAITH. 

GEORGE F. PENTECOST, D.D. 

Of late years we have heard much of the 
ethnic religions ; and there have not been 
wanting those, even among a certain class 
who would fain call themselves Christians, 
who have said that these ethnic religions 
were quite sufficient for the nations and that 



1898.] 



CHRISTIANITY THE ONLY FAITH\ 



127 



to send forth Christian missionaries was a 
manifest interference with and intrusion 
upon that which is well enough as it is. In 
the East I have heard ad nauseam such 
words as these, " Why meddle with Hindu- 
ism, or Buddhism, or the systems prevalent 
in China and Japan; Hinduism is a better 
religion for India than Christianity; 
Buddhism is better for the millions of 
Burmah and China than Christianity. These 
religions suit these people; and to intrude 
Christianity upon them is but to briug in 
confusion, destroy their old faith and leave 
them agnostic, or even atheistic." There 
are some so-called Christian educationists 
who plead that the only true method of mis- 
sionary operation is to make the ethnic 
religion which we find in this country, or 
that, the basis of our effort and at most 
modify it with our better ethical teaching. 
In other words, that it is a false move to 
attempt to convert Hindus from their 
Vedanta or their Puranic worship and sub- 
vert their entire system. It is better rather 
to Christianize Hinduism than to destroy it 
and attempt to supplant it with Christianity 
pure and simple. There is some ground 
to fear that this idea has possessed the 
minds of even some foreign missionaries. 
A distinguished Hindu Pandit said to me 
some years ago: " Your missionaries will 
never supplant Hinduism with Christianity ; 
but I am free to confess that you have done 
much and will do more to modify Hindu- 
ism — if you please to Christianize it — which 
we do not object to, for you have much that 
is true and beautiful in your religion and 
your Christ is a peerless man, whom we 
all greatly revere." But to accept such a 
compromise would be to betray Christ and 
violate every term of the commission which 
bids us go preach the gospel and baptize the 
converts to Christ in his name. Christ 
knows no compromise, neither will he admit 
of any with the ethnic religions. 

It is urged that since God has suffered 
these ethnic religions to exist for so many 
centuries, they cannot be altogether bad ; 
and to allow them to remain as they are or to 
become slightly modified by contact with 
Christian thought and civilization is all that 
is necessary. That to attempt their entire 
subversion at this late day is to bring the 
gospel into conflict with divine providence. 
' ' Can it be possible, ' ' say these, ' ' that God 
has allowed all these nations for all these 



generations to go down into the outer dark- 
ness ? If we go to them and declare that 
Christianity is the only religion, is not that 
the only logical inference, and is not such a 
declaration one calculated to arouse all the 
best instincts of humanity against the 
gospel ?" It is not for me to argue that 
point at this time; but I may suggest that 
we are taught in God's word that " the 
times of this ignorance God winked at ; but 
now commandeth all men everywhere to 
repent." Why God winked at this long 
time of ignorance it is not for us here to 
inquire. It is enough that he has distinctly 
told us that that time is past, and that he 
now commands us to go and preach the gos- 
pel, and the nations to repent and believe it. 

SOME SCATTERED RAYS. 

It is not necessary to deny that there are 
to be found in all these, religions rays of 
truth and light from the Sun of Righteous- 
ness; bul these rays are not sufficient; and 
however they may have shone in any past 
or purer ages among the nations, they are 
now, if not totally obscured by the ethnic 
systems, surely destitute of light enough 
to lead a soul to God. That Christian- 
ity is the only faith, ought not to need an ar- 
gument with any Christian man or woman. 
Who will deny that Judaism is better than 
Hinduism or Buddhism, and yet Judaism is 
not a sufficient gospel or religion for men, 
else would it not have been supplanted by 
Christ ? ' ' For if there had been a law given 
which could have given life, verily righteous- 
ness should have been by the law. But the 
Scripture hath concluded all under sin that 
the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might 
be given to them that believe. ' ' If this is 
true of ancient Judaism, how much more 
true is it of the ethnic religions ? If there is 
any other faith in any part of the world 
which " could have given life," then Christ 
would not have come. " Neither is there 
salvation in any other; for there is none 
other name under heaven given among men, 
whereby we must be saved." What is 
more foolish or daring than for us to ad- 
vance our speculations against such clear 
words of God. There is a glorious intoler- 
ance in the gospel which compels us to 
preach Christ as the only hope of salvation. 

In Paul's great discourse on Mars Hill, 
he enunciated this great triple truth: The 
unity of God; the unity of the race, and 



128 



CHRISTIANITY THE ONLY FAITH. 



[February, 



the unity of religion. One God, one blood 
among all the nations of men, and one 
religion for all men. These propositions 
are almost self-evident. Certainly the last 
one is if the first two are true. I used to 
use this argument with the Brahmins in 
India and they were never able to contro- 
vert it except by denying the unity of the 
race. The same and only sun lights all 
men; the same general quality of soil is 
found in every part of the world, and is 
fruitful for a common food for all men to 
eat; the same constituent elements in the 
water of the East and the West provide for 
our thirst ; the same atmophere envelopes 
us all alike — the Hindu, the Chinaman, the 
African and the American. Shall we thus 
find a universal provision for the race in 
things pertaining to the life of the body, 
and then suppose that the one God, the 
Creator and Lord of all men, should pro- 
vide a different religion for the different 
races whom he hath made of one blood? 

NO ETHNIC SALVATION. 

But what of the ethnic religions ? Have 
they not all utterly failed to save the nations ? 
It is vain to talk of the unsaved condition 
of vast multitudes of men in the so-called 
Christian nations. Christianity comes to 
the individual, not to organized nations as 
such. And those who are saved in our 
own and other Christian lands are saved by 
the one only and true faith of Christ. No 
man can live and move among the heathen 
people, no matter how advanced they may 
be in learning and civilization, and fail to 
see that their ethnic religion is an utter 
failure so far as the salvation of the people 
is concerned. With us the unsaved people 
and all the evils of civilization, whether 
social or political, lie outside the pale of our 
faith; while on the other hand, the worst 
evils, individual, social and political, in the 
nations of the earth, are all embraced with- 
in and practiced with the consent and 
approval of their religious systems. If 
here and there there is found a man who 
" fears God and works righteousness," it is 
rather because he has abandoned his ethnic 
religion and has sought after God in the 
dim light of his own individual conscience 
in which he finds the law of God written, 
and is so feeling after God if haply he may 
find him. Let us even hope that he may 
have found God, and is accepted with him 



according to a law of administration of 
the salvation of Christ which has not been 
revealed to us. 

AN EMPTY PRAYER IN EMPTY SPACE. 

What does that signify ? Surely not that 
we are to make any kind of compromise 
with the false faiths begotten of false human 
philosophy, ignorance and superstition. I 
once met a very pious ' ■ pungee ' ' far up 
in the Himalayas who was swinging vigor- 
ously his prayer wheel and muttering his 
monotonous " Om, Om!" I asked him 
what he was doing. "lam praying, ' ' was 
his reply. " For what are you praying ?" 
I again inquired. " Oh, nothing!" said 
the pungee. " To whom are you pray- 
ing ?" I asked once more. " Oh, to 
nobody, ' ' was the serene answer, "I am 
just praying." Here was a most sincere 
and devout Buddhist. He was praying for 
nothing to nobody. And that is Buddhism 
at its best. Shall we compromise the gospel 
with that ? Shall we compromise it with 
Hinduism, with its false philosophy and its 
hideous puranic idol worship and loathsome 
rites and ceremonies, and with its degrading 
system of ethics ? Shall we waste our time 
in discussing the possible virtues found here 
and there among the heathen, as of a jewel 
in a swine's snout, and whether upon the 
whole the ethnic religions are not of God 
and sufficient in themselves without the 
interference of Christianity ? 

There is but one thing lor us to do, and 
that is to plant ourselves squarely on the 
plain declarations and universal teachings of 
Christ and deal with the world, whether at 
home or abroad, as a lost world out of Christ, 
and proclaim salvation to them in Christ 
and in Christ alone. Christianity is the 
only faith. To dally with any other, much 
less all others, is only to compromise our- 
selves with treason against our Lord. If 
God has any reserved mercies and methods 
by which he saves devout souls who have 
sought him without the knowledge of the 
gospel, he has not revealed them to us, and 
it is not our business to speculate about 
them. Abraham once asked the Lord in 
great agony of mind, " Wilt thou also 
destroy the righteous ? . . . . Shall not the 
Judge of all the earth do right ?' ' It was 
so obvious that God did not answer it. 
But go thou and I and preach the gospel of 
Jesus Christ to all nations — the only possi- 
ble faith for the whole world. 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 




One Way in Wisconsin. 



OUR CHURCH'S WORK FOR 
YOUNG PEOPLE. 

f The Young people's societies of our 
church are beginning to realize that the 
college Board exists for the sole purpose of 
assisting young people, and that it is the 
only agency of our Church whose work is 
exclusively for young people. 

Some of our young people have received 
an education, by the kindness of parents 
or others, without cost to themselves ; their 
gratitude moves them to aid less fortunate 
young people in securing the same incalcul- 
able privilege. 

Some of our young people have worked 
their way through school or college; they 
realize that this was possible only because 
educational institutions had been founded 
and endowed for their benefit, and they are 
anxious that such institutions should exist 
within reasonable distance of our young 
people in the West and South. 

Some of our young people have been 



denied the privilege of higher education; 
and these, perhaps, more than either of the 
classes mentioned above, appreciate the 
value of an education which they could not 
have, and desire that other young people of 
character and ambition should receive what 
these generous ones could not get. 

The College Board is a recent organiza- 
tion of our Church, designed to collect 
gifts, the little as well as the large ones, 




In a Valley of Idaho. 



129 



130 



OUR CHURCH* S WORK FOR YOUNG PEOPLE -NOTES. 



[February, 




Far up in the Rockies. 

and mass them together for the support of 
colleges and academies in the newer parts 
of our land, to afford opportunities espe- 
cially for our own young people. 

Public high schools and State universities 
give an education admirable so far as it 
goes; but if we want young people who 
shall have not only developed brain powers, 
but symmetrically developed Christian 
character as well, with love for our Master 
and consecration to his service) we must 
provide schools and colleges whose spirit, 
teachers and things taught add to mere 
intellectual education that crown of knowl- 
edge, the fear of the Lord, which is the 
beginning of wisdom. 

From our smaller academies and colleges 
come the larger part of our ministers, lead- 
ers of Young People's societies, church 
officers, Sunday-school workers and conse- 
crated citizens for 
the newer parts of 
our great country. 

The work is flour- 
ishing. Our institu- 
tions are growing. 
The Church's inter- 
est in them is in- 
creasing, and not the 
least favorable sign 
is found in the in- 
creasing interest of 
Young People's so- 
cieties. 

What good rea- 
son is there why 
every Young Peo- 
ple' s society in the 
Presbyterian Church 
should not contribute 



regularly to this peculiarly happy and use- 
ful work for our young people ? 

GENERAL FUND RECEIPTS. 

1896, April 1 to November 30, . $11,329 90 

1897, " " " . 9,616 17 



Loss, $1,713 73 

This loss for the first eight months is less 
than the amount of interest which the Board 
would have received from funds embezzled 
by the late treasurer. Churches, Sabbath- 
schools, Young People's societies and indi- 
viduals have given more to the College 
Board in these eight months than in the same 
eight months last year. The Board has also 
received about $3000 special gifts, which 
are used for current expenses until the 
Board secures payment of the late treasu- 
rer's bond, when the amount will be taken 
out of the payment on the bond, to replace 
some of the embezzled trust funds. The 
loss of interest from embezzled funds will 
be about $3500; unless, therefore, gifts to 
the General Fund are increased $3500 
over those of last year, the Board will have 
difficulty in making the payments promised 
to its institutions ; for we figure so closely 
in our budget that a difference of $3500 is 
very serious. 



NOTES. 
The goal of the moment in education is always 
the acquisition of knowledge, the training of some 
permanent capacity for productiveness or enjoyment, 



^K^f^BalM~^tBgTijMliL~^&gB^BL.^jK' *•?%&?-£&*'* r 






kip* 


* lf l * ifm 





In East Tennessee. 



1898.] 



TO THE "STRONG. 



131 



and the development of 
character. — President 
Eliot. 

An education in 
which religion is not 
only ignored, but de- 
spised, is one in which 
morality is left without 
any adequate founda- 
tion. — Living Church. 

1 c The service which 
the Presbyterian col- 
leges have rendered and 
are rendering to higher 
education is of incalcul- 
able value. They are 
placed, for the most 
part, at 'strategic 
points, ' and most of them 
have been generously 

supported. Especially have the newer institutions 
been wisely planted with reference to the future de- 
velopment of the States in which they are situated. 
Last year the Presbyterian Board of Aid for 
Colleges and Academies reported more than $70,000 
given to its aided institutions, mostly for their 
current expenses ; sixteen of them being small 
colleges, the rest academies. The endowments 
of the older Presbyterian institutions compare 
favorably with the endowments of the colleges of 
any other denomination. It is possible for a 
Presbyterian student, in any of the sixteen States 
in which State universities are situated, easily 
to reach a college either of the Presbyterian denomi- 
nation or of some Church holding substantially the 
same creed. — Francis W. Kelsey, in the Atlantic 
Monthly. 

Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, in her little book, 
"Why Go to College?" says that to doits best 
work the college should be organized for the strong, 
the high-minded, self- controlled, generous and 
courageous spirits, not for the indifferent, the dull, 




In a Cove of the Cumberlands. 



the idle, or those who are already forming their 
characters on the amusement theory of life. She 
points out the personal benefits distinct from the 
commercial value of a college training. These 
are happiness ; health ; friendship ; ideals of per- 
sonal character ; permanent interests of a noble kind, 
like the love of literature, the study of nature and 
interest in people ; enlarged conceptions of religion. 

A young man who came to Harvard with eighty 
cents in his pocket and worked his way through, 
never a high scholar, and now in a business which 
looks very commonplace, told Mrs. Palmer he 
would not care to be alive if he had not gone to 
college. His face flushed as he explained how dif- 
ferent bis days would have been if he had not 
known two of his professors. " Do you use your 
college studies in your business ? ' ' she asked. ' ' Oh, 
no," was the reply. "But I am another man in 
doing the business ; and when the day's work is 
done I live another life because of my college ex- 
periences. The business and I are both the better 
for it every day." 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



TO THE "STRONG." 

" I Jmve written unto you, young men, 
because ye are strong." Thus wrote the 
aged apostle John. He had appealed to the 
" fathers " because they had experience 



and knowledge, but he well understood that 
unless those who were young gave to the 
great cause their energy and strength, it 
would show but little aggressive force. 

It is to the young, with their full, glowing 
life, their restless energy, their fiery ambi- 



132 



TYPICAL CASE8. 



[February, 



tion, their unshaken courage that men 
always look for the motive power to carry 
through great enterprises. 

" Old men for counsel; young men for 
action," is a very ancient proverb. The 
rank and file of all armies is composed of 
young men. 

This has been always true in the advance 
of the Christian Church. John, although 
old when he wrote the words quoted above, 
was a young man when he heard first the 
call of the Master. We have many veteran 
missionaries in the field, but probably none 
who did not consecrate to the work the dew 
of their youth, and with unexhausted 
energy and unspent strength volunteer for 
the service. 

It is also just as true that in every par- 
ticular congregation the energy and vitality 
that are needed to keep the work at its 
highest level are furnished by the young 
men and women. Ordinarily from them 
come suggestions for new appliances, fresh 
methods, and the reopening of neglected 
channels of influence. They first notice 
that the Sunday-school is diminishing in 
numbers, that attendance upon services is 
falling off; or in material things that the 
walls are growing dingy, the carpets worn, 
the cushions old and ragged. From them 
come the suggestions of a new hymnbook to 
quicken the lagging pulse of praise, of the 
need of social gatherings to weld the people 
more closely together, and of the benefit of 
a neighborhood canvass. 

Out of such facts as these has grown the 
great Christian Endeavor movement which 
has so grandly organized the spiritual life 
and fire of the young Christian men and 
women of our land. 

No one can read such tributes to the 
value of this agency as appear in the De- 
cember number of this magazine without 
feeling arise in his heart a great wave of 
thanksgiving that so great a power for good 
has been more effectively organized than 
ever before. 

Especially is this influence of the young 
who are the "strong" manifested in the 
aggressive work in our new States with 
which such a Board as that of Church 
Erection has especially to do. The young 
communities in the central regions of our 
land and upon its Western slope are largely 
made of young pe^ple^.and as a natural, 
even inevitable seqwSfee-tthe ^htftches are* 



composed in far larger proportion than at 
the East of those who are in the morning of 
life. It is this element so fully represented 
that makes the young church impatient of 
worshiping in a hired hall, or being tenants 
at will in the building of some other organi- 
zation. Thus practically the work that we 
are aiding is largely the work of the young. 
For this reason should it not appeal to that 
great number of like age in our older 
churches, who are asking where shall we 
direct our strength, where most effectively 
can we use the tithe of our earnings that we 
have set apart for the Lord's work ? 

There are phases, too, of the work com- 
mitted to the Board of Church Erection 
that for other reasons appeal eloquently for 
the sympathy of the young men and 
women of our churches. The manse work 
provides the home where are sheltered the 
children of the young missionary and his 
wife. For want of such home we have 
known of instances where the pastor must 
leave his family behind him under the 
charge of relatives and friends ; and we may 
add, too, that we have known cases where 
the establishment of a home at all, and the 
coming of an expected bride, must be 
delayed until the church could provide the 
manse in which the new family altar could 
be erected. 

To the young, to the strong, to those who 
are entering with new enthusiasm upon 
Christian work, but upon whom must come 
the burden and heat of the day, to such we 
appeal that in their thought of missionary 
work they remember how great the need of 
houses of worship for congregations com- 
posed largely of the young throughout the 
great West; how great the need, too, of 
homes for the wives and children of those 
who are laying deep the foundations upon 
which in these new empires the Church of 
Christ is to stand. 



TYPICAL CASES. 

North Jellico, Ky . 

Among the mountains of East Kentucky, 
a population in the vicinity of fifteen hun- 
dred and no other house of worship, 
although the Baptists and Methodists have 
each a small organization. The church was 
organized two years ago by Dr. McDonald, 
synodical missionary, and has now twenty- 
five members, an attendance of 100 and a 
S u ndaj -school of \b50. 



1898.] 



SARTOR RESARTU8. 



133 



Wells, Nev. 

Church organized five years ago; since 
struggling along without a building. 
Twenty-seven members, an attendance of 
sixty and a Sunday-school of fifty-three. 

The missionary pastor writes : ' ' It is the 
only church building of any denomination 
from Elko to Ogden, a distance of 270 
miles. We were driven to build owing to 
the necessities of the case, as no suitable 
place could be had in town to accommodate 
our increasing congregations. We are the 
only church working in the entire 
munity. The population of 
increasing with good valleys 
reach. 

The people, as you will see, whether mem- 
bers or otherwise, have helped nobly accord- 
ing to their limited means and really many 
sacrifices have already been made. No 
State in the Union needs the gospel more 
than this, and the only way to remove the 
stain that now rests upon it on account of 
its godlessness is to give its people the pure 
gospel of Jesus Christ. Our Church will be 
a centre of light in the midst of the dark- 



corn - 
the town is 
within easy 



Goldfield, Colo. 

Organized a year ago. Twenty members, 
attendance of 100, Sunday-school sixty. 
Goldfield is a " Cripple Creek " camp near 
Victor. Oar synodical evangelist held 
successful meetings there and the pastor of 
Victor supplied them with services. There 
is no other church in town. The committee 
writes: " Our mining camps are our most 
urgent fields. Often these towns are tem- 
porary, but Goldfield has every indication 
of permanence while the Cripple Creek dis- 
trict lasts." 



Harion, S. Dak. 

This is a very promising work among the 
German- speaking population. The only 
other churches, in this village of 300 with a 
well -settled surrounding country, are an 
English Methodist and a Roman Catholic. 
The church would have built without aid 
from the Board had it not been that when 
the new edifice was nearly completed, it was 
entirely destroyed by fire and was without 
insurance. The work had all to be done 
over again. The Emmanuel German 
Church has sixty-one members and sixty 
in the Sunday-school. 

HOW PASTORS CAN AID. 
The helpfulness of pastors cannot be 
overestimated in connection with Church 
Extension work. Their close contact with 
thoughtful laymen give them unusual privi- 
leges and scope. Many in the churches 
have had a narrow outlook. They have 
been busy developing small enterprises into 
large financial undertakings; rearing fam- 
ilies ; attending one church with an hundred 
sermons a year from the same preacher. 
Nameless yet numerous local interests have 
consumed their energies, until the vision of 
many good people is limited by the circle in 
which they stand. These need a little 
unsought help. They have acquired that 
which they can now bestow. Yet they do 
not know quite what they can or better do. 
Some have it in their thought to put a por- 
tion of their means into benevolent channels 
at once. Others wish to give the best 
direction for its use after they have ceased 
to need it. A watchful pastor can be of 
immense service to these and to God' s cause, 
by timely suggestion and information. — 
Christianity in Earnest. 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



SARTOR RESARTUS. 

ANNA E. AGNEW. 

Sartor Resartus! How the very name 
arrests our attention, excites our interest 
and impels us to ask, " Who wrote it, and 
what is the meaning of its curious title?" 



At once the fact is brought to our attention 
that the very name stands for originality, 
and suggests explorations into new fields of 
study, and the whole work comes from the 
pen of a man who, by his powerful writ- 
ings, has stirred the thought of all England 
and America. Its title, ' ' Out of Repair, ' ' 



THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MISSION LIBRARY 
475 Riverside Drive, New York 27, H.Y. 



134 



SARTOR RESARTUS. 



[February, 



shows us that some of the most intricate 
and bewildering problems of our existence, 
with suggestions of possible solutions, are 
given to us to decipher, when we begin to 
analyze this wild, weird creation of that 
marvelous genius, Thomas Carlyle. Writ- 
ten in 1831, it was not until two years later 
that Carlyle succeeded in finding a publisher 
for the book, and immediately a shower of 
merciless criticism and a torrent of abuse 
were hurled at the writer. But, see the 
change! Men of genius, men of thought, 
begin to read and discuss the book, the 
tide of feeling turns, until now it is almost 
universally acknowledged that it contains 
passages which, for keen insight into human 
nature, brilliant irony not unmixed with 
flashing sarcasm, have seldom, if ever, been 
surpassed. A famous critic says: " Of all 
men who have broken through what are 
known as the recognized proprieties of 
language and style, Carlyle is the most 
daring. He does not bend language to his 
will, he breaks it, as we break a crystal, 
and ten thousand undreamed-of combina- 
tions of beauty and light flash upon the 
astonished senses. ' ' The full realization of 
this is found in " Sartor Resartus; or, Out 
of Repair." Bearing as it does the impress 
of the strong personality of the writer, we 
feel rather than see the mingling of gentle- 
ness and strength, the evident lack of all 
attempt at anything like artistic effects, and 
yet we are struck with the rare gems of 
thought, in a rude setting, if you will, but 
nevertheless illumined with flashes of rich 
truth that arouse the deepest attention and 
interest. 

And now remembering that we are to 
take a peep into English life and customs, 
let us give ourselves up to Carlyle' s mood 
and fancy, and follow him into whatever 
realm of thought he leads us as we wend 
our way through the story of Sartor Resar- 
tus. Immediately we are introduced to 
Prof. God-Born-Devilsdung, who was born 
at Duck-Puddle, where the scene of the 
story is laid, and he has led a strange and 
eventful life. He is Professor of Matters 
and Things in General at the University of 
Don' t-Know- Where, and has suddenly be- 
come famous by the writing of a book called 
" The Philosophy of Clothes." The story 
opens with notices of the life and opinions 
of the author, who is a man of wide range 
of imagination combined with clear and 



striking thought. His fancy is that all 
thought, forms, dogmas, creeds and doc- 
trines are the clothing or garments in which 
man has arrayed himself, and this clothing 
is for the most part " out of repair." 
Along that line of thought it is found that 
not only statutes and institutions of law, 
medicine and theology, together,with the arts 
and sciences, show these same threadbare 
places, but also our ideas and methods of 
philanthropy and the help we are trying to 
give to mankind to enable them to live 
truer and nobler lives. These seem to be 
the robe and form of thought, and of what 
are they emblems ? Of the hidden powers 
of the soul! Away off in the vista of 
years, distantly removed by time and space, 
which are a part of the garments of the 
Creator of the Universe, can faintly be 
discerned the possibilities to which the soul 
is capable of attaining, when it has forever 
discarded all this ragged clothing, and event- 
ually after passing through all the stages of 
the " Everlasting No," the soul becomes 
transformed, enters into its new life and in 
supernatural power wears the " garments 
provided by its God." Listen! Carlyle 
himself is speaking: " The soul seems to be 
in a boundless phantasmagoria or dream- 
grotto ; boundless, for the faintest star and 
remotest century lie not even nearer than 
the verge thereof; sounds and many-colored 
visions flit around our senses, but him, the 
unslumbering, we see not, except in rare 
waiting moments we suspect not: creation 
lies before us like a glorious rainbow, but 
the sun that made it lies behind us, hidden 
from us, until finally the moment comes that 
completes the union of divinity with 
humanity and the divine love revealed in 
man." 

Thus ends a strangely beautiful philo- 
sophical study, and as we lay down the 
book, it is with the realization that most 
graphically and most powerfully has this 
wonderful apostrophe to life, life with all 
its latent powers, been presented to us. The 
words are startling, " out of repair!" And, 
dear heart, this verv minute, they are ring- 
ing in your ears. Go to the loving Master 
in heartfelt prayer and then nothing will 
remain " out of repair." 

our OF REPAIR. 

What is ' ■ out of repair ?' ' Dear reader, 
as a member of a young people's associa- 



1898.] 



SARTOR RESARTU8. 



135 



tion, have you ever examined your interest 
in those for whom the Board of Ministerial 
Relief is tenderly caring ? Has your society 
shared in this work, or is your love and 
theirs, for these helpless ones, " out of 
repair?" Possibly, and we say this gently 
and lovingly, you have never thought very- 
much about it, and have not yet realized what 
you as an individual worker can do. Under 
the care of this Board are the old ministers 
of our Church, the widows of deceased 
ministers, the orphan children of ministers, 
under the age at which they are able to 
earn a living, and all our worn-out mission- 
aries, clerical and lay, male and female, 
who are in need of aid. 

Suppose a young man is thinking of 
entering the ministry and he realizes that 
personal ambition and much that is near 
and dear to him must be sacrificed, and at 
that point his attention is called to the fact 
that if his health fails, in his young man- 
hood or in his old age he may be forsaken 
by the Church at large, and may be left 
alone in the world, feeble, broken down in 
health, helpless and no one to care for him. 
Will such a prospect cheer him on to give 
his life to the preaching of the gospel ? 
Dear one, has your church done its share in 
helping the Board in its blessed work ? See 
what the General Assembly of 1897 has 
declared: ''Resolved, That our presbyteries 
direct every church session to appoint a 
committee to take the subject of Ministerial 
Relief under its special charge, and to place 
upon this committee representatives from 
all the organizations of the Church, espe- 
cially enlisting the cooperation of the 
women, and to see to it that the leaflets 
furnished by the Board are distributed in 
the church prior to the time of taking a 
collection for this cause; and that the ses- 
sions be instructed that their reasons will 
not be sustained by presbytery for not giving 
the people under their care a fair opportunity 
to contribute to this Board unless their 
reasons are special and providential. ,, 
Have you aided your pastor and session in 
this matter ? Oh, beloved, if you have not 
thought of this before, definitely resolve 
that at the next business meeting of your 
society you will ask them to prayerfully 
consider this matter and see to it that such a 
committee is appointed. If the committee 
is already at work in your church, ask to 
have your society represented upon it. 



Your young people, with warm, loving 
hearts, will gladly respond to your appeal 
and it will gladden the hearts of your pastor 
and session to see you at work with enthu- 
siasm for this beloved cause. In the con- 
stitution of your society, is there any pro- 
vision for the work of a committee who could 
help in this direction ? 

Can you not have a standing committee 
appointed calling it the " Inasmuch " Com- 
mittee, or the li Whatsoever " Committee ? 
Choose any suitable name that you fancy, 
and insert a clause in your Constitution or 
By-Laws providing that the thought of this 
Committee shall be to stimulate a deeper 
interest in the work of the Board of Minis- 
terial Relief, to circulate its literature, to 
send boxes of clothing, etc. , to those under 
its care, to raise money for it, and, above 
all, to pray that God will abundantly bless 
each and every effort thus put forth for his 
honor and his glory. When we watch the 
noble lives of these, who gave their all for 
him, what an inspiration it is to us as young 
people to work for him, as never before, to 
give our hearts, our lives, our time, our 
influence, our all to him, to be ever, only, 
always his ! As a band of young people, 
let us stand shoulder to shoulder, heart 
touching heart, to support our beloved 
Church, and those who have lovingly min- 
istered to us and ours! Let us seek the 
power and guidance of the Holy Spirit, and, 
as Miss Havergal has expressed it, ask him 
to teach us how to pray to him in the words 
of the " Worker's Prayer:'' 

A worker's prayer. 

" For I have received of the Lord that which also I de- 
livered unto you." — 1 Cor. 2 : 23. 

Lord, speak to me, that I may speak 

In living echoes of thy tone ; 
As thou hast sought, so let me seek 

Thy erring children, lost and lone. 

lead me, Lord, that I may lead 
The wandering and the wavering feet ; 

Ofeed me, Lord, that I may feed 
Thy hungering ones with manna sweet. 

teach me, Lord, that I may teach 
The precious things thou dost impart ; 

And wing my words, that they may reach 
The hidden depths of many a heart. 

fill me with thy fullness, Lord, 

Until my very heart o'erfloio, 
In kindling thought and glowing word, 

Thy love to tell, thy praise to show. 

use me, Lord, use even me, 
Just as thou wilt and when and where, 

Until thy blessed face I see, 
Thy rest, thy joy, thy glory share. 



EDUCATIO N. 



THE CULTIVATION OF THE GRACE 
OF LIBERALITY AMONG THE 
CHILDREN OF THE CHURCH. 

REV. LEWIS S. MUDGE. 

Probably no portion of our Directory for 
Worship is more generally violated, both in 
its letter and in its spirit, than Chapter vi. 
It may be that its suggestive title, '* Of the 
Worship of God by Offerings," has pre- 
vented many from examining it on the gen- 
eral and too- often-applied principle that 
" where ignorance is bliss it is folly to be 
wise." Nevertheless, the requirements, if 
they were but wisely enforced by every one 
who by his ordination vow has pledged him- 
self to their faithful observance, would work 
wonders in the line of systematic benevo- 
lence; and particularly the injunction con- 
tained in the fourth section of this chapter 
which reads, " It is the duty of every min- 
ister to cultivate the grace of liberal giving 
in his congregation, that every member 
thereof may offer according to his ability, 
whether it be much or little." 

How far this ideal is from being realized 
is most apparent from the statistics furnished 
us in the last report of the General Assem- 
bly's Committee on Systematic Beneficence. 
For, if the proportion of non-contribu- 
ting churches is so large, what shall we say 
as to the percentage of non- contributing 
members ? And, if the preponderance of 
non-contributing members is so great, what 
must be true as to the number of non -con- 
tributing adherents is self-evident. 

THE QUESTION OF THE DAY. 

How this ideal may be realized most 
completely and at the same time most 
quickly is a question which is by no means 
the least important among the many mooted 
in the present day. For, turn where you 
will among the varied activities of the 
Church, the immediate need is, not newer 
methods, nor more men, but multiplied 
means. In seeking how to solve this prob- 
lem, and in examining some of the many 
plans suggested by others, the writer was 
struck with the fact that these plans, with 
scarcely an exception, were formulated with 
the purpose of interesting and stimulating 
the older members of the church and con- 
136 




Joseph and the Boy Jesus. 



gregation and through them the younger, 
instead of vice versa. This fact naturally 
suggested the thought that possibly the 
failure of some of these plans in some 
instances was due to a lack of wisdom in 
the selection of the primary point of attack. 
Therefore, after careful consideration and 
consultation, it was decided to make the 
experiment of trying to reach the older mem- 
bers through the younger. As the results 



1898.] 



CULTIVATION OF LIBERALITY IN THE CHURCH. 



137 



have exceeded the expectations of the most 
sanguine, it may not be amiss to sketch briefly, 
and with no pretense of any originality 
either in plan or execution, the methods 
used. 

THE DETAILS OF A PLAN. 

First of all, the Christian Endeavor 
Society was interested in the proposed pro- 
ject. It was agreed that all special objects 
should be abandoned, that the plan of 
giving entertainments to raise money for 
missionary purposes should be given up, 
and that under no circumstances should an 
offering be made at any of the meetings of 
the society, and this with the understand- 
ing that the members should pledge them- 
selves individually to give so much a week 
towards a general fund which should be 
divided among all the Boards of the Church 
on the basis of a fixed ratio. It was decided 
to give this new plan a year's trial; and to 
the utter astonishment of the society, and 
the Missionary Committee alike, the pledges 
secured amounted to over three times the 
amount ever raised by the society in a 
twelvemonth for benevolent objects. And 
it may be proper to add that, under the 
judicious care of the Missionary Committee, 
these pledges have been kept with scarcely 
an exception, and in many cases have since 
been increased. 

Greatly encouraged by the success of these 
our first efforts, we next suggested that the 
Junior Society of Christian Endeavor should 
also divide its weekly offerings among all the 
Church Boards. Its superintendent en- 
tered gladly into the proposed scheme, and 
the little people, after listening to a simple 
talk about the various agencies of the 
Church, unanimously voted, like the associ- 
ate society, to help them all, and with the 
same result again of increased and ever- 
increasing gifts. 

Next the Sabbath- school teachers were 
consulted. It was deemed wise by them to 
organize a Missionary Committee which 
should have complete control of the monthly 
benevolent offerings of the schools. Under 
the wise supervision of this committee, and 
after a public explanation to the scholars 
of the work of the various Boards and of 
the duty of loyalty to them one and all, they 
also agreed to permit their gifts to be 
divided judiciously among all the Boards of 
the Church. Recently the plan of holding 



two annual meetings has been introduced. 
One is held in November in the interest of 
Home Missions, and one in March in the 
interest of Foreign Missions. The scholars 
are specially urged to earn the money they 
give at these rallies, and the amount raised 
and the interest in missions aroused on these 
occasions have been most gratifying. 
Moreover, the regular monthlv gifts have 
not been appreciably lessened. 

SOME CRITICISMS OF THE PLAN. 

Our plan has been criticised in some 
quarters on the ground that the children 
should not be asked to give to other than 
what are commonly called the " Missionary 
Boards;" and mainly on the ground that it 
is only their work that they are competent 
to understand. We have not found this to 
be true of the little folk. On the contrary, 
we have discovered it to be just as easy to 
explain to them in simple language the work 
of the Boards of Education, Ministerial 
Relief, Aid for Colleges, etc., as that of the 
Boards of Home and Foreign Missions, 
and we have seen them fully as much inter- 
ested in the former as in the latter. But, 
even if it were true that the children cannot 
be made to understand the precise nature 
of all the work to which they are contribu- 
ting, we cannot see in this an objection to a 
plan which teaches them to support all the 
recognized agencies of the Church. They 
who see in inability to comprehend a reason 
for restricting the gifts of the young to 
certain Boards, must likewise, to be con- 
sistent, keep the young out of the services 
of the sanctuary, and the Bible out of the 
hands of children, until they have reached 
years of discretion. We believe that the 
children of the covenant are members of 
the visible Church. Why, then, should 
not they at least support all its varied and 
authorized activities as well as those who 
have ratified for themselves the vows which 
their parents took for them at their baptism ? 
We believe that any one who is old enough 
to worship God by prayer and praise in his 
house, is likewise of sufficient age to worship 
him by offerings for the support and the 
extension of his kingdom at home and 
abroad. 

We are of the opinion that the very 
prevalent opposition to systematic giving is 
due to lack of systematic instruction there- 
in ; and where can this instruction be begun 



138 



THIS YEAR'S ENROLMENT. 



[February, 



more properly and more promisingly than 
in the earliest days of childhood ? And to 
this end we cannot see why even the little 
ones in the primary department should not 
be taught to support, not only the mission- 
aries in the foreign and home fields, but also 
the disabled servants of God who have 
faithfully broken the bread of life for their 
fathers, the young men who may one day 
preach to them the unsearchable riches of 
Christ, the schools and colleges at which at 
some future date they may be students, and 
aid in the erection of the churches in which 
they may sometime be worshipers. 

AN EFFORT ALONG THE RIGHT LINE. 

At any rate, whatever may be the merits 
or the demerits of the plan as broadly out- 
lined and of the choice of the point of 
attack suggested above, and however much 
its success in a single church, by no means 
distinguished for wealth, may have been 
due under God to purely local conditions, 
we believe it to be an effort along the right 
line, and in a hitherto, in respect at least to 
systematic beneficence, much neglected 
domain. And this much may surely be said 
in its favor. Its primary object is to 
cultivate, not that sporadic generosity which 
is the product of the affections alone, but that 
grace of liberality which is from the head 
as well as from the heart, and which makes 
the possessor instant in season and out of 
season, not merely in prayer for the has- 
tening of the kingdom, but likewise in pro- 
vision for the coming of the King. Its 
cardinal principle is, not self-gratification 
or self-aggrandizement, but loyalty to the 
Church, in its broadest sense, in giving as 
well as in all else. And the central idea is 
that one dollar sent into the harvest field of 
the Master through the authorized channels 
will do more good, and to a greater number, 
than twice that amount placed in the hands 
of a private individual, however trustworthy 
he may be, and however needy the cause 
which he represents may appear. We have 
faith to trust in the promise, " Train up a 
child in the way he should go, and when 
he is old he will not depart from it," as 
being applicable to the vexed problem of 
systematic beneficence. We " despise not 
the day of small things " in the firm belief 
that a small army of small givers in the 
present will become an immense host of large 
givers in the future for the destruction of 



those strongholds of the enemy — debts and 
retrenchments. 

In conclusion, we submit that in a church 
where the congregation in Sabbath worship 
assembled, the Christian Endeavor Societies, 
both Senior and Junior, and the Sabbath- 
schools, both main and mission, all contrib- 
ute regularly, and with more or less system, 
to all the Boards of the Church, there is 
some reason to believe that almost every 
member thereof gives much or little, 
directly or indirectly, to all its officially 
authorized benevolent objects. 



THIS YEAR'S ENROLMENT. 

The Board has proceeded with great cau- 
tion in accepting new candidates. The total 
number thus accepted is 146, as compared 
with 248 in 1896. Besides the 146 new 
candidates there are 651 holding over from 
last year. The total enrolment is, therefore, 
797. The number reported in 1896 was 
1037. It will be seen at once that there has 
been no undue pressing of men into the 
ministry. It may be found, on the contrary, 
that some very worthy and promising men 
have been discouraged and hindered. 

A PRESENT NEED. 

• There are a few well -recommended men 
for whom the Board does not find itself 
able to make provision. They were recom- 
mended by their presbyteries in good season, 
perhaps; but, by some mischance, the 
papers did not reach the Board until the 
limit of ability to grant aid had been passed. 
The fault is probably not with them in any 
wise. They knew that the session and 
presbytery bad each acted favorably, and 
planned all their expenses on the expecta- 
tion of an appropriation from the treasury 
of the Board. 

AN OPPORTUNITY TO DO A GOOD DEED. 

Any person who will send us seventy 
dollars, or a portion thereof, will have the 
satisfaction of coming to the relief of one of 
these young men, away from home, and 
in no little embarrassment. We cannot be 
certain about the result of an investment in 
a young man; but when he is of tested 
piety, approved talents, under training in 
one of the best American colleges, and 
under the constant watch and care of the 
Board of Education, the prospect of a rich 
return is bright indeed. 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 



BEEVITIES. 
The receipts for the Sabbath -school and Mis- 
sionary Department for November were : from 
churches, $1457.89 ; Sabbath-schools, $1526.19 ; in- 
dividuals, $411. Total for the month, $3595.08. 



As compared with November, 1896, the receipts 
from churches and Sabbath-schools show a decrease 
of $123.22, and the receipts from individuals an in- 
crease of $52.92. The total for November is 
$70.27 less than for November of last year. 



Up to the end of November the receipts from all 
sources were $2252.15 behind those of last year. 



When this page meets the reader's eye there will 
still remain two months of the current financial 
year. There is time therefore for donations to reach 
our treasurer to an amount which may turn the tide 
in our favor. It will be discouraging if we do not 
do better this year than last, and we earnestly 
solicit the aid of those who have the interests of 
this work at heart to enable us to do so. 



FOE THE YOUNG PEOPLE. 

We are invited by the Editor to make this month 
such a presentation of Presbyterian Sabbath-school 
and Missionary Work as will specially in- 
terest the members of the Young People's 
societies of our Church. It strikes us 
that to do this we need not step beyond 
the regular beaten track of our daily 
travel and experience. 

Of all the worthy objects commending 
themselves to the sympathies of young 
people there is not one which is quite so 
intensely and peculiarly in harmony with 
the purposes and aspirations of youth as that 
particular object, the central and main purpose 
of Sabbath-school and missionary work. Thus 
it seems to us, in the light of our surround- 
ings, conscious of being in hearty fellowship with 
all who are trying to do good, and fully recognizing 
the claims of all such upon true and earnest souls. 
We shall try in this article to make this statement 
clear, not by invidious comparisons, but by a simple 
setting forth of facts. 

FOR WHOM IS THE SABBATH-SCHOOL? 

The very name "Sabbath-school" brings to the 
mind thoughts and pictures of the young. Of course 



we all fall in with the modern use of the term 
Sabbath- school as including all ages, and as thus 
agreeing probably in the main with the most 
ancient ideas of studying the Bible in the primitive 
Church. We know that " teaching" as well as 
11 preaching" was an apostolic function, and that 
from the days of Philip and the eunuch down to 
the present time adults as well as children have 
sat in the school of Christ. We know that the 
Sunday-school of Robert Raikes represents only a 
partial view of the true teaching work of the 
Church, and that there is, in this country especially, 
a strong current of opinion in favor of broadening 
the Sabbath-school system so as more manifestly to 
reach adults as well as children. All this we very 
well know, or ought to know. Nevertheless, we 
shall never cease, in talking about schools, to think 
first and foremost of young people. When Chris- 
tian people go to work to establish a Sabbath school 
they think, as a matter of course, first of all of the 
children. A Sabbath-school without children, 
though it would surely be very decorous and 
serious, and all that, would somehow be rather 
strange and queer. Even if children are tiresome and 
frolicsome and naughty, we pity the Sabbath -school 
that has not a goodly crowd of them, and should 
feel inclined to visit such a school and beg 




every member to go out quickly into the streets and 
lanes and bring in the children. What music, 
after all, is so touching and sweet as the music of 
children's voices singing the hymns of the Sabbath- 
school I 

Next to the children we naturally connect the 
idea of Sabbath- school with the thought of young 
people fast leaving happy childhood behind, and 
looking forward toward the mysterious borderland 
of manhood and womanhood. The Sabbath-school 
is always an attractive meeting place for youth. As 
the old proverb says, ' ' Birds of a feather flock to- 
gether." Where young people are, thither other 
young people will go. This is not only natural, but 

139 



140 



FOR THE YOUNG PEOPLE. 



[February, 



it is also decidedly right and proper. Only bring 
the right influences to bear upon them and you 
have in the Sabbath- school a power for good which 
will be remembered and bear appropriate fruit in 
long after-years. 

CHRISTIAN ENDEAVORERS AND THE SABBATH- 
SCHOOL. 

Towards a work so closely identified with the 
spiritual, social, intellectual and even physical 
well-being of young people the sympathy of Chris- 
tian Endeavorers cannot fail to be strongly drawn. 
The banding together of young people in societies 
of Christian Endeavor, while not strictly a part of 
the Sabbath- school movement, is closely allied to it. 
The two movements march side by side in the work 
of elevating and extending the noble art of Christian 
instruction. Almost every Christian Endeavorer 
either is, or has been, or will soon become, a member 
of the Sabbath-school. Here then is a vast body of 
young people with a perfectly elaborated organiza- 
tion able to turn a powerful current of practical in- 
fluence in any given direction. What so natural 
and so Christ-like as the feeling amongst them that 
the first duty and privilege of this magnificent order 
is towards the great Sabbath- school movement of 
the age ? 

The boys who now sit on the lowest forms 
of the Sabbath- schools are but a few years 

the juniors of the 
majority of Chris- 
tian Endeavorers. 
Nay, the Junior 
Endeavor socie- 
ty jl ties number thou- 
sands and tens of 
thousands of these 
little fellows, who, 
as the years speed 
on, will be the con- 
temporaries of those 
who may now be 
their elders by five or even ten years. In an organ- 
ization numbering its millions, and rapidly growing, 
it becomes an interesting question how to train and 
mould the boyish and girlish element so as to 
make them a source of strength as they pass to the 
ranks of the seniors and leaders of the Endeavor 
movement — yes, even how to hold them loyally to 
the movement. In this work of training children 
for the future generation of workers in the En- 
deavor movement, the Sabbath- school is the great 
ally of Christian Endeavorers. 

MISSIONARY ASPECTS OF THE WORK. 

Now turn to the missionary aspects of the Sab- 
bath-school movement. Our vast country is really 




only yet in a formative condition as to its develop- 
ment. Changes are going on in the shifting of 
population and the continual breaking of new soil 
of which the dwellers in Eastern cities have no 
conception. A traveler penetrating the inner dis- 
tricts of any of our Western States and going over 
the same ground after an interval of ten years finds 
numerous hamlets springing up on what at his 
first visit was unoccupied waste land. Vast re- 
gions of our country are thus opening to settlement. 
And what kind of settlement would it be but for 
the labors of that most apostolic man of modern 
crusaders, the Sabbath-school missionary? He 
follows the migratory host, North and South and 




West, with messages from the more favored East. 
The work just suits him and he is just suited to the 
work. As he comes into some little frontier village 
the children eagerly scan his appearance and hang 
upon his words. Poor children ! Born amid the 
hardest surroundings, taught from infancy how to 
endure physical discomforts and yet to be happy, 
they are the material and stuff out of which future 
generations are steadily growing. The Sabbath - 
school is the one thing that can lift them from semi- 
savagery, give 
them the ideas and 
aspirations of civil- 
ization, and fill 
their young lives 
with divine light. 
Can Christian 
Endeavorers b y 
any possibility 
fail to see that this 
part of Sabbath- 
school work lies 
very close to the very soul of their movement? 
The Presbyterian Church has for many years put 
Sabbath -school Work in a conspicuous place upon its 
escutcheon, and in recent years the developments of 
this work in the field of Sabbath-school missions 
have been remarkable. It has missionaries now 
in more than twenty States and Territories — away 
off in Oregon and Washington, where the noblest 
kind of work is being done in the name of Christ 




1898.] 



THE TWENTIETH -CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



141 



and the Presbyterian Church — along the Pacific 
slope, in the great mining States, and in the rapidly 
extending populations of the nearer West. It is 




ft*fi* 




doing a mighty work among the colored people of 
the South and Southwest, and thus helping to 
solve the great negro problem, to many minds a 
problem unsolvable. It is not intended in this 
article to introduce statistics, which are all very 
well in the proper place. Oar object has been, in 
the briefest possible way, to bring to bear upon the 
y )ung people of our Church a few considerations, 
showing how closely this Sabbath- school Work 
touches the underlying principles of their noble 
organization at every point — to persuade them to 
give to it more than a passing and matter-of-course 
share of attention — and thus to aid in gaining for 
it its proper place in the activities of the Presby- 
terian Church of this and future generations. 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVE- 
MENT. 

We give herewith further news and testi- 
monies regarding this Movement crowded 
out by the exigencies of space from our last 
number. It should further be stated that 
the presbyteries are rapidly giving to the 
Movement their cordial approval. 

An Illinois Pastor writes : 

Most heartily do I commend such a movement. 
I had been thinking and planning to apply its 
leading principles locally ; in fact had just written 
my impressions in regard to the importance of the 
Sabbath school as an evangelizing agency as con- 
trasted with an educational institution, and the 
great need of more and more earnest personal work 
in order that it may fulfill its high mission. 

From an Iowa Pastor : 

I most heartily assure you that I am pleased 
with your proposition for a combined Twentieth- 
century effort to save the children of our land. 
We are at present distinctly conventioned to death 
— prayed at, at long range, preached at by thou- 
sands. This is well for inspiration, but it must be 



followed up by work. Succeed in getting the Sab- 
bath-school teachers and officers at prayer through 
four years for the boys and girls ; keep it up ; 
follow it through synods, presbyteries and churches ; 
get children to praying and working for the same 
cause, and I verily believe we shall have such a 
revival as our good land has never known. 

From a Colored Sabbath -school Mis- 
sionary: 

To me, your suggested plans of operation and 
cooperation are complete, and if executed as out- 
lined cannot fail of even greater success than you 
anticipate. I hail the movement with joy ; and as 
a representative of my people in this the ' ' Black 
Belt" of the land, promise to do all I can to help 
win the on-coming generation to Christ. 

From an Illinois Pastor : 

The proposed movement is timely, and if success- 
ful in its workings would prove of more advantage 
to the cause of Christ than would a " million for 
missions," or for any other purpose. I verily be- 
lieve a great crisis is upon us. The Church ought 
to advance upon the great field of the world. 

From a Pastor in California: 

I would like to suggest that the pastors of all our 
churches be asked to preach at least four sermons a 
year for the next four years upon the subject of Sab- 
bath-schools. One Sunday during my last pastorate, 
after having preached a sermon on this subject, the 
superintendent declared that I was the first minis- 
ter he had heard preach on the subject for many 
years. I firmly believe that if the duty of support- 
ing and sustaining Sabbath-school work were fre- 
quently set before the people from the pulpit, it 
would be a most powerful means of accomplishing 
a work so desirable as that mentioned in your paper. 

From a Pastor in Wisconsin: 

I believe the suggestion to be from God. Cer- 
tainly we can do it in his strength, and I pledge 
the hearty cooperation of Madison Presbytery. 
May God inspire and enthuse all his workers within 
our beloved Zion to undertake this grand service. 



The Twentieth Century Movement has 
not yet been officially brought before the 
Synods and Presbyteries, but already some 
of the Synods having had their attention 
called to it at the recent Fall meetings have 
given it their cordial endorsement. Among 
these are the Synods of Baltimore, Califor- 
nia, Indian Territory, Iowa, and New 
Jersey. 



HOME MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 



New Frontier Church. 



A church of twelve members was organ- 
ized in the new village of Meyer's Falls, 
"Wash., November 7. 

A Mission Becomes a Church. 

The Sherman Street Mission of Spokane, 
Wash., situated in an important and grow- 
ing part of the city, was organized as Beth- 
any Church with eleven members. 

An Idaho Group. 

At Newport, Ida. , a church was organized 
with fifteen members, November 14, by 
Rev. Norman McLeod. It is grouped with 
Bouners Ferry, and supplied by Rev. Wil- 
liam Parker. 

Indian Church Statistics. 

Among Dakota Indians there are twenty 
ministers, of whom five are white; twenty- 
two churches; 815 in Sabbath -school. 
They have contributed $2770 for congrega- 
tional expenses and $2746 for other objects. 

In Hard Lines. 

One of our missionaries in Nevada wrote 
thus: " Think of a family of eight try- 
ing to live on $109.50 for three months, 
and yet we have managed to exist, and have 
almost kept out of debt. At times we have 
been out of money, and out of everything, 
not even enough money to purchase a post- 
age stamp." 

The Sioux. 

Rev. Dr. Williamson, who is superintend- 
ent of our work among the Sioux Indians, 
says: " There are fifteen ordained native 
ministers, seven unordained native helpers, 
and sixty ruling elders in our native 
churches, who give much time and strength 
to the care of the flock. The religion that 
produces such a body of upright, zealous 
teachers of righteousness only one genera- 
tion from heathenism is surely from God." 

A Band of Girls. 

The Westminster Church of Bloomfield, 
N. J. , has a charming mission band of girls 
142 



who are not afraid of great undertakings. 
They determined to reduce the debt of the 
Home Board and they have done it. Ac- 
companying their check came a dainty note 
which read: " When we saw in The 
Church at Home and Abroad for 
December that the debt of the Home Board 
* had not been diminished a single dollar,' 
we decided that we would prevent that from 
being true any longer, so we send here $15 
for the debt of the Home Mission Board, 
believing that, small as our gift is, the Lord 
can increase it a hundredfold. May many 
follow our feeble example with great gifts. ' ' 

Alaska Rescuers. 

H. H. Bancroft, the historian of the west 
coast, says: " Within less than a decade 
more has been done by this society (Presby- 
terian Woman's Board of Home Missions) 
to advance the cause of education in Alaska 
than was otherwise accomplished during all 
the years of American domination. Were 
it not for the efforts of the Board of Mis- 
sions there would probably have been no 
efficient school and perhaps no school 
of any kind in the territory apart from 
those maintained by the Alaska Commercial 
Company. ' ' 

Intelligent Patriotism. 

A teacher in one of our mission schools 
writes: " O let me urge upon our good 
people at home that, with every Bible and 
spelling-book, they send our natiou's flag." 
And we would add the earnest plea that they 
send also that most valuable book, " Patri- 
otic Citizenship," by Gen. T. J. Morgan, 
D.D., Ex. U. S. Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs. Gen. Morgan is an influential 
member of the National Council of Educa- 
tion and an author of note in the field of 
educational literature. He knows what 
young people need in order to guide their 
enthusiasm in the lines of intelligent patri- 
otism. He inculcates the spirit of that 
freedom which is protected by law. He has 
done for patriotism what the botanist has 
done for vegetable life; he has discovered 
and arranged the laws and principles of its 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



143 



life and reduced them to a simple 
science which an intelligent boy or 
girl can easily master. Every boy 
and girl should have a copy. 

A Miracle of Grace. 

There is not a sweeter spirit than 
Rev. Louis Mazawakinyanna, nor a 
more consecrated life. He is the 
Sioux Indian pastor of our church 
at Lake Traverse, S. D. This be- 
loved brother was in his youth one of 
the wildest and wickedest of all the 
Indians of that savage tribe. He 
participated in the great massacre, 
and in his early life felt it to be his 
duty to avenge the wrongs which his 
people had suffered at the hands of 
the whites. He often said he could 
not sleep well at night if he had not 
during the day spilled the blood of 
some white man. But the Holy 
Spirit wrought upon his heart, and 
he became a thoroughly regenerated 
child of God years ago. He was 
trained for the work to which he has 
since consecrated his life, and for a 
number of years he has been a most 
successful missionary among his own 
people. The Lake Traverse Church 
with thirty-eight members is part 
of the fruit of his faithful labors. 
No white missionary could have entered 
that community when he began his labors. 
His speech at the General Assembly of 
1894 will long be remembered by all who 
heard him. His church contributed last 
year an average of four dollars per member 
to the benevolent causes, proving conclu- 
sively that there are good Indians who are 
not dead. 

Mr. Mazawakinyanna writes December 
13, 1897, from Sisseton Agency, S. D. : 

When we first organized the Lake Traverse 
Church, there was only fifteen members and now we 
have twenty-eight in numbers and expect to build 
a house of worship in spring. 

I always remembered the time when I met all of 
you, the Boards, at Saratoga, and always wish you 
to remember me in your prayer that God will give 
me courage and strength, for I am working at the 
hardest people in reservation. 

I had to go about twenty miles every week and 
preach ; sometimes the days are cold and storm. I 
want you, all the Boards, to hear this, so you 
know what to ask God to grant me. 




Samuel A. Worcester, D.D.* 

Both of my boys Philip and Hazen were at the 
mission school now, and my wife and I only are at 
home and when I go away, of course, my wife will 
be the only one at home to do the chores ; she had 
hard time sometimes. 

I shake hand with you all with my heart. I am 
your brother. 

(Signed) Louis Mazawakinyanna. 

Indian Camp Meeting. 

The Indians of South Dakota, of various 
evangelical denominations, have for several 
years held annual conventions for the dis- 
cussion of religious questions of special 
interest to their own people. These conven- 
tions are held in the fall. At the last one, 
September 23-26, 1897, there were fully 
three thousand persons present. The topics 
on the program indicate the tenor of their 
discussions. They concerned the health of 
their people, the education of their children, 
church problems such as perplex the Indian 



*A sketch of the life of Dr. Worcester may be found in 
The Chdkch at Home a> t d Abroad for September, 1895. 



144 



NOTES. 



[February, 



mind, the survival of Indian customs, and 
the religious needs of their people and 
methods of meeting them. The discussioDs 
on these themes at this last meeting were 
remarkably discriminating and intelligent. 
The people are becoming better informed 
along these lines so that they are beginning 
to introduce lectures by competent lecturers 
in addition to the Indian speakers. No 
church building is large enough to hold 
these conventions. The audience booth at 
this late one provided one thousand seats; 
but they voted to purchase a great meeting 
tent for the increasing numbers, and ap- 
pointed a committee to consider the matter. 
If they find the scheme practicable, there is 
no doubt about their raising the funds and 
providing the tent before the next annual 
meeting. How vastly different this annual 
feast from the old war-dance and the more 
recent ghost-dance and Messiah-craze. 
We can find better use for Indians than as 
targets for our bullets. 

How to Pay the Debt. 

Somebody has said that the President 
can solve the question of running the 
government on its revenue, without debt, 
by selecting his Secretary of the Treasury 
from among the home missionaries. True 



it certainly is that the missionaries and their 
families must be very skillful financiers in 
order to live on their meagre salaries. If 
any one doubts their skill in dealing with 
financial problems let him read the following 
note just received from the lovely daughter 
of a home missionary: 

" We enclose you a check for $3.50. It is 
the proceeds of a personal venture suggested 
by my father. In the spring we set one 
hen with thirteen eggs which were the gift 
of our poor washerwoman. We raised and 
have marketed eleven chickens, and the 
enclosed is the proceeds. 

" Father suggests that if the great and 
rich Presbyterian Church of America is not 
able to pay oft" the debt of the Home Board 
by April next, that 40,000 willing Presby- 
terian hens be put to work to raise chickens, 
and doubtless God's blessing will be upon 
them to such a degree that when the chick- 
ens are marketed, and proceeds sent to the 
Board, the debt can be canceled. 

" But it would be a sorry sight for men 
and angels to witness 40,000 patient hens 
at work trying to do what the strong but 
unwilling Church has failed to do. But 
great things often come from small begin- 
nings. In England years ago important 
missionary work was done through the 




1898.] 



NOTES. 



145 




A Winter Scene in Dakota. 



efforts of one man in persuading people to 
raise beans for the cause of missions." 

The Board's Finances. 

The receipts of the Board of Home Mis- 
sions for the first six months of the current 
fiscal year were fully up to the receipts for 
the corresponding months of last year. But 
there has been a rapid falling off since Octo- 
ber 1. This is not surprising. The Home 
Board has not been pressing the churches 
during the fall and early winter days when 
other Boards were making special efforts to 
remove their debts. But something must 
be done for this Board during these last 
months of the fiscal year. 

The Board reported to the General As- 
sembly of 1896 a debt of $299,062.42. So 
careful was the estimate respecting its 
expenditures, based upon the average 
receipts for a number of years, that the 
secretary ventured the statement before the 
Assembly that in two years the debt would 
be entirely wiped out if the receipts were 
normal — that is, up to the average of the 
preceding five years. This prediction was 
more than fulfilled as to the first year, for 
the debt statement in the last annual report 



showed that more than half of the old debt 
had been paid. 

The country is recovering from the finan- 
cial depression; the business outlook in 
every branch of activity is brighter; the con- 
dition of the work all over the Home Mis- 
sion field is in every way satisfactory except 
that the Board is not able to push on with 
aggressive work as the needs of the country 
require. Now let every church and mis- 
sionary society, let every Sabbath -school and 
mission band, let every Christian Endeavor 
society and every individual in the Presby- 
terian congregations of our country, who 
love our country and desire the salvation of 
the people and the extension of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, come forward at this 
time of our greatest need and help during 
these three short months to wipe out this 
debt and to be ready for a new and fair 
start the coming year. 

Self-Denial and Prayer. 

The Board of Home Missions has recom- 
mended that the last week in February be 
observed throughout our churches as a 
period of special self-denial and prayer for 
the cause of Home Missions, and that on the 



146 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE MOUNTAIN WHITES. 



[February 



Sabbath following a special collection be 
taken for the Board's debt. Let us not 
allow the; poorly paid missionaries to carry 
any part of this debt, nor longer allow the 
Board to carry it. By a determined effort 
on the part of every friend of the cause the 
debt can be paid. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF THE MOUN- 
TAIN WHITES. 

MRS. HENRY T. MCEWEN. 

In the time of James I, two great nobles 
in the Province of Ulster rebelled. This 
furnished an excuse for confiscating their 
vast estates, amounting to some two millions 
(2,000,000) acres. Five hundred thou- 
sand (500,000) acres of the best of this 
land were thrown open to Protestant coloni- 
zation. The Scotch, in large numbers were 
thus attracted to the north of Ireland. 
Here begins the history of the Scotch-Irish 
as a distinctive people. Before this there 
had been settlers in Ireland from the west- 
ern Highlands of Scotland, but these people 
became more Irish than the Irishmen. The 
new-comers were of a different faith and 
different blood, Protestants and Anglo- 
Saxons, not Catholics and Celts. 

These settlers were attracted by excep- 
tional inducements. They were promised 
full indulgence for their religion, and, so 
far as trade and commerce were concerned, 
an act of Parliament placed them with all 
the inhabitants of Ireland on an equality 
with their English brethren. In a short time 
the change wrought by them was wonderful. 
A new style of agriculture was introduced. 
Instead of bog, they had fertile fields. 
Other changes came. Manufactures of wool 
and flax sprang up, and the hum of the loom 
was heard in many a cottage. These 
changes led to some commerce, and quite a 
trade was carried on with the continent. 

In 1698, upon the demand of the English 
manufacturers, the woollen industry of 
Ireland was entirely destroyed. The inter- 
ference of Parliament was invoked, and by 
a series of repressive acts the Irish looms 
were closed As a result of this legislation 
twenty thousand (20,000) Protestant arti- 
sans of Ulster, deprived of employment, 
left Ireland for America, carrying with 
them the remembrance of how English 
faith, pledged to their fathers, had been 
broken under the influence of English greed. 



This was but the beginning of the exodus. 
These people were not poor peasants such 
as Ireland contributed later. Many were 
people of large means. Their children 
were educated, all finding means to instruct 
their families in the common branches. 
Many of the young men were sent to Edin- 
burgh to complete their education. Some 
of these people settled in New Hampshire, 
but most of them went to the Carolinas and 
to Pennsylvania, where they established 
themselves near Philadelphia. James 
Logan, the governor, a Scotch-Irish Quaker, 
became alarmed at the numbers of these 
Protestants arriving in his territory. Seven 
shiploads landed in one week, and he induced 
them to settle further west, where he hoped 
they would protect the Quakers from the 
incursions of the Indians. 

The stream flowed first west, then south, 
and we find them in Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky. They were an educated people and 
conducted most of the classical schools south 
of the province of New York. 

On May 20, 1775, the Scotch -Irish people 
of Mecklenburg, N. C, first asserted the 
doctrine that the Americans were a free 
and independent people. Of the fifty-five 
(55) signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, fourteen (14) are said to have 
been Irish, Scotch, or Scotch-Irish by birth 
or descent. The Scotch-Irish are called the 
Puritans of the South. From these people 
have come the mountain whites of the 
South. The names are the same, the tradi- 
tions all point to such an ancestry. Why 
are these people as they now are — ignorant, 
poor and degraded ? The stronger became 
rich and influential, but the less fortunate, 
retaining their love of independence, moved 
further into the mountains, where there were 
no schools and no advantages, and with 
years of such a life it is not difficult to 
change them into what they now are. We 
owe much to these people, for their sturdy 
fathers were among the first to protest 
against English rule, and they were stead- 
fast friends during the Revolutionary War, 
and always loyal to American interests. 
We find the people again loyal to the old 
flag in the time of the Rebellion, and 
opposed to slavery and secession. 

May the women of our Presbyterian 
Church do all in their power for the educa- 
tion and evangelization of these neglected 
men, women and children. 



1898.] 



RESIGNATION OF DR. McMILLAN. 



147 



To the Board of Home Missions of 
the Presbyterian Church, U. 
S. A.: 

Gentlemen: — I do hereby resign the 
office of corresponding secretary to which 
you were pleased to elect me nearly eight 
years ago, and to reelect me at each suc- 
ceeding annual meeting until the present 
year. I desire this resignation to take 
effect at such a time as you may determine. 

A proper regard for the opinion of you 
who hear and those who hereafter may read 
this resignation demands the reason for a 
step so serious in its import to one who has 
spent his entire ministerial life, now more 
than a fourth of a century, in the service 
of this Board. This reason I give with 
perfect candor. 

The administration of the affairs of our 
beloved Board has been greatly embar- 
rassed for several years under conditions of 
general financial depression, the feverishness 
of business, the unrest of the popular mind 
and the tendency, inevitable under such 
circumstances, to severe criticism of the 
management of all sorts of business. 
While the Church has stood nobly by the 
Board through the lengthened ordeal, the 
late General Assembly saw fit to direct the 
Board to so reorganize its methods of ad- 
ministration that the executive work shall 
be placed in charge of one secretary. Ap- 
prehending that in your attempt to meet 
this requirement you might encounter 
embarrassments which could be somewhat 
relieved by the resignation of one of the 
two secretaries now in office, and desiring to 
serve and aid you who have been so uni- 
formly kind to me, I have resolved on this 
step. I have not reached this decision in 
haste, but have been restrained from exe- 
cuting my purpose by your request that I 
continue to serve, at least until your plans 
could be matured. 

While I am willing to continue tempora- 
rily this service at your pleasure to the best 
of my poor ability, the resignation is final. 

Let me assure you, my dear brethren, 
that it is with sadness of heart I bow to 
what seems a clear mandate of Providence 
in severing my connection with the Home 
Mission work to which, in the very inception 
of my ministry, I dedicated my life. It is 
with pain, which I shall not attempt to de- 
scribe, that I contemplate the severance of 



the relations with you which have been har- 
monious, and undisturbed by so much as a 
ripple of disagreement. 

May the dear Lord grant you abundant 
wisdom in your counsels, peace in the 
administration of your sacred trust, and 
prosperity in all your plans. 

With great respect I have the honor to 
subscribe myself, 

Your obedient servant, 

D. J. McMillan. 

November 30, 1897. 

Action of the Board of Home Mis- 
sions on the Resignation of the 
Rev. D. J. McMillan, D.D. 

Whereas, Rev. D. J. McMillan, D.D., 
one of the corresponding secretaries of this 
Board, has seen fit to tender his resignation 
of the office he has so acceptably filled for 
the past eight years, and has presented it 
in terms so positive and final as to leave to 
the Board no alternative but its accept- 
ance ; 

Therefore, While regretfully accepting 
this resignation, we desire to put on our 
records and to express to Dr. McMillan our 
sense of the loss which the Board has sus- 
tained in his resignation, our appreciation of 
his always faithful and efficient services, our 
recognition of the many estimable traits of 
personal character which have endeared him 
to the members of the Board and which 
have made all our relations with him har- 
monious and pleasant during the time of 
his service here. 

We desire especially to place on record 
our testimony to our sense of the magna- 
nimity which has prompted this action at 
this time and our conviction that it could 
have sprung only from that love for the 
kingdom which seeketh not her own. 

We tender to Dr. McMillan our best 
wishes for his future welfare and continued 
usefulness in the 'service of our beloved 
Church and to assure him that we shall 
always have pleasant memories of the years 
of our fellowship in the service of Christ. 
John Hall, President, 
Charlis L. Thompson, 
Thomas S. Hastings, 
H. Edwards Rowland, 

Committee. 
New York, December 28, 1897. 



148 



OUR WORK AMONG THE INDIANS. 



[February, 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work at Home. 



February— The Indians. 

(a) Our work among them. 
lb) Changing Conditions. 

(c) Duty of the Church. 

(d) Work of the Government, 



OUR WORK AMONG THE INDIANS. 

A full statement of the churches and 
schools of various sorts maintained by our 
Board, with full statistics, was published 
recently in The Church at Home and 
Abroad. The present year opened with 
a larger attendance than ever before, both 
upon the religious services and in the schools. 
Henry Kendall College, which stands at the 
head of all our educational work among the 
Indians, has an enrollment of about 200. 
The iimit to the attendance is fixed only by 
the accommodations. 

The policy of the Board with reference to 
its Indian work is to make intelligent Chris- 
tian citizens of these " Red men of the 
forest," and to equip them for the business 
of life on its practical side. No provision 
is made for their professional training, and 



no effort is put forth to induce them to seek 
any of the learned professions. Some do, 
however, pass through our elementary 
schools to the colleges and professional 
schools of the East. But the effort of the 
Board and its agencies is to teach the young 
Indians what they are expected to practice 
when they are grown. The boys learn the 
industrial pursuits and trades; the girls 
learn the domestic arts so as to be fitted to 
become home-makers and useful members of 
society. 

The Indians display special aptitudes for 
various callings as clearly defined as do the 
Anglo-Saxon youth. As they are to min- 
gle with our great mixed American popula- 
tion, become assimilated with us in the great 
businesses of life and lose their tribal if not 
their racial identity, the sooner we forget 
that they are Indians and come to realize 
that they belong to our common humanity, 
with all its weaknesses and its elements of 
power, the better it will be for them and for 
the rest of us. 

Proceeding upon this theory, all depart- 
ments of the Board's work among them are 
so conducted as to eliminate as fast as possi- 




Mission Churches in Indian Territory. 



1898.] 



CHANGING CONDITIONS. 



149 




An Indian Home and Mission Schools, Indian Territory 



ble everything distinctive and peculiar to 
Indian conditions. 

The Board also recognizes their relation 
as wards of the government, and, as fast as 
is safe and practicable, passes its elementary 
and industrial schools over to governmental 
support and control. But it is always 
regarded with regret and resorted to with 
reluctance, that the youth of these people, 
with but partially developed moral charac- 
ter and imperfectly established principles, 
should pass away from distinctively religious 
influences into the exclusively secular train- 
ing of the government schools, away from 
the prayer meeting into the dance. When 
the necessity for retrenchments compels us 
to take such a step we use our influence to 
secure religious teachers for them in the 
schools to which they may go. 



CHANGING CONDITIONS. 

When a single institution such as the 
Indian Industrial Training School at Car- 
lisle, Pa., can gather into peaceful family 



relations boys and girls from sixty-eight 
different tribes to the number of 900, min- 
gled so that the representatives of these 
tribes shall occupy the same room, boys and 
girls of the various tribes recite in the same 
classes, and all eat at the same table, we are 
made to wonder if they can be indeed the 
children of the fierce and war-like tribes of 
the past generation. But there they are, 
25 Apaches, 94 Sioux, 127 Chippewas, 104 
Oneidas, 46 Cherokees, 15 Crows, 17 Nez 
Perces, an Esquimau and a Digger, with the 
sons and daughters of three-score other tribes. 

" Sixty-eight different tribes, each repre- 
senting a different language," and yet, 
under the splendid management of Captain 
Pratt and his corps of noble teachers, 
' ' there is no babel of confusion. ' ' 

All languages glide easily into the Eng- 
lish. That is how our language came to 
be. In this school, at least, it proves 
its value in giving " unity and loyalty of 
thought and effort. ' ' 

Capt. Pratt says in his admirable report : 
1 ' All our experience proves that the more 



150 



WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE INDIANS. 



[February, 



individuals from the various tribes can be 
associated together, and the more immediate 
the contact of all with the better element of 
the white race, the more rapidly and thor- 
oughly do our educational and civilizing 
efforts accomplish this purpose." 

The splendid discipline of this school, the 
excellent results attained in the classroom, 
the happy contented expression on every 
face of the 900, and the manly bearing of 
the boys and young men and the lady-like 
demeanor of the girls and young women 
fully sustain the captain's proposition. 

There is one word in the above quotation 
that should be emphasized. It should 
always be italicized thus: " The better ele- 
ments of the white race." The Indian is 
impressible. Under the influence of the 
better elements he becomes honest, unassum- 
ing. If he be a Christian, his piety is of 
the primitive type, simple and consistent. 
But under the influence of vicious whites, 
such as infest the reservations, the Indian 
reveals his susceptibility to evil, adopting 
readily the white man's ^ices and imitating 
his treachery. Thus it comes to pass that 
the Indians 1 reputation for badness is but 
the reflected depravity of the adventurous 
whites who early invade his home. 

In spite of adverse influences and every 
other discouraging obstacle the changing 
conditions of the Indians of our country 
have an upward and satisfactory trend. 
Our sixty-nine churches with their four 
thousand communicants, our ten boarding 
and industrial schools, our nine day-schools 
are bringing about results and exerting influ- 
ences, which, interlaced with like agencies 
of other denominations and the govern- 
ment, are giving a mighty uplift to the whole 
Indian people. 




Of the Cherokees, the greatest of all the 
tribes, it may be said that not a "blanket 
Indian" nor a tent dweller is found in 
their entire nation. This may be said with 
some modification of many lesser tribes. 

But while, on the whole, the changing 
conditions are favorable, there remains more 
to do before the ' ' red man ' ' is redeemed 
and before the Christian can complacently 
answer the question, Where is thy brother f 



Missionary Home, Creek Indians. 



WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT FOR 
THE INDIANS. 

The following brief synopsis of the commis- 
sioner's report is from the " Word Carrier:" 

The amount of government appropriation 
for the Indian service for the current year 
is $7,431,620, or $242,124 in excess of 
last year. Of this amount Indian schools 
are to receive $2,631,771, or an increase 
over last year of $114,506. 

Outside of the above $241,000 is appropri- 
ated to the survey and resurvey of lands 
in Indian Territory. This is in charge of 
the Geological Survey. 

The work of education in the Indian 
schools has been that of development rather 
than enlargement. The Indian office seeks 
permanent rather than quick results in the 
uplifting of Indians to a higher industrial 
and social plane. 

The attendance in 234 government schools 
for the year ending June, 1897, has been 
18,603, an increase of 814. The attend- 
ance in 35 contract schools is 3158, a 
decrease of 1281. In public school shaving 
contracts, 303, a decrease of 110. In mis- 
sion boarding-schools, 813, a decrease of 
22. In mission day-schools, 87, a decrease 
of 9. Total attendance, 22,964, a decrease 
of 608. These figures do not include 
schools among the New York Indians or the 
Five Civilized Tribes, as they are not sup- 
ported by funds under the control of the 
Indian Office. 

The effort to introduce the Indian pupils 
to the public day schools has not yet 
attained any certain success. It was first 
attempted in 1890. The rate of $10 per 
quarter was offered as an inducement to 
overcome prejudices. Last year contracts 
were made with thirty-eight public schools 
to receive 384 pupils. These were located 
as follows: In California, 2; Kansas, 3; 
Michigan, 1; Nebraska, 1 1 j] Nevada, 1; 



1898.] 



ALASKA. 



151 



Oklahoma, 14; Oregon, 1; Utah, 1; Wash- 
ington, 3; Wisconsin, 1. 

The government sustains twenty-three 
non-reservation boarding-schools, of which 
thirteen have the general school course and 
ten are of higher grade. It sustains sev- 
enty-three reservation boarding-schools 
which are distributed as follows : In Ari- 
zona, 6; California, 3; Idaho, 3; Indian 
Territory, 2 ; Kansas, 3 ; Minnesota, 5 ; 
Montana, 5; Nebraska, 3; Nevada, 2; 
New Mexico, 1; North Carolina, 1; North 
Dakota, 5; Oklahoma, 13; Oregon, 5; 
South Dakota, 7; Utah, 2; Washington, 
3; Wisconsin, 3, and Wyoming, 1. 

Of day-schools the government has now 
138, with an enrollment of 4768 pupils, an 
increase of eighteen schools and 553 pupils 
over the year before. Fifty of these day- 
schools are in South Dakota, thirteen in 
New Mexico and twelve each in North 
Dakota and Washington. 

According to the law of Congress, the 
appropriation for denominational contract 
schools for the current year is only forty per 
cent, of what it was in 1895. Outside of 
the two independent schools, Hampton and 
Lincoln Institution, which receive grants 
direct, only $2760 are given to Protestant 
schools and $156,766 to Komanist schools 
this present year. The largest amount 
spent in any one year on contract schools 
was $611,570 in 1892. This is now 
reduced to 8212,954, including the grants 
to Hampton and Lincoln. The amount 
granted per capita in the contract schools is 
$108, except that Hampton and Lincoln 
have $167 per capita by special grant. 

The government has now between three 
and four million dollars invested in Indian 
school plants. The majority are frame 
buildings and the yearly loss by fire aver- 
ages $30,000. The danger by fire is con- 
sidered greater than if the buildings were 
used only by white children. Coal-oil 
lamps are a fruitful source of conflagration; 



Letters. 



ALASKA. 
Eev. W. W. Warne, Chilkal:—! am the 
doctor, missionary, chief of police, superintendent 
of the school, etc., etc. If an official, no matter 
what his standing is, comes to the country of course 
he must call on me. Then what becomes of my boys 
.and my work ? 



electricity is being introduced to some ex- 
tent. In the land allotment business, on 
the reservations, 2656 patents have been 
issued for allotments previously approved, 
2960 new allotments have been approved, 
and 1441 more are reported but have not 
yet been approved. On account of the 
exodus of 550 Indians from Lower Brule to 
Rosebud Agency, the allotment at Lower 
Brule will be made over again to redistribute 
the timber lands. For n on -reservation In- 
dians 1093 allotments have been made and 
1036 approved. 

Thirty thousand dollars have been ex- 
pended for irrigation ditches the past year 
on the Navajo Reservation in Arizona and 
New Mexico, at Fort Hall Reservation, 
Ida., at Crow Reservation, Mont., and at 
Yakima Reservation, Wash. The last- 
named irrigation system is paid for out or 
the sale of the fishery belonging to the Indi- 
ans. It will provide for the irrigation of 
50,000 acres, second system in magnitude 
in the State of Washington. 

In stopping the sale of liquor to the 
Indians, much help is expected from the 
new legislation by the last Congress. In 
following up liquor cases in Oklahoma, it 
has been found that a peculiar sort of 
liquor ring was in operation there. The 
saloon man notified the deputy marshal that 
an Indian had bought liquor, and then the 
deputy marshal would arrest the Indian and 
get his fees. The Indian went to jail and 
the saloon man went free. 

Efforts have been made to put the New 
York Indians out of the clutches of the 
Ogden Land Company, but so far without 
success. It was proposed to buy back the 
leases that the Indians had granted them, 
but no agreement could be reached. 

The work of the Dawes Commission with 
the Five Civilized Tribes has made signifi- 
cant progress, but so much is yet to be done 
that no complete report can be made. 



Divorces, marriages, funerals and murders all 
come to me, along with plenty of dirty whisky 
cases to receive more or less attention. A woman 
is tied at Klockwan for being a witch : it is mid- 
winter : she sends word to me to come up and 
help her. I cannot go. After nine days of cold 
and hunger and whippings the poor creature dies. 
Yesterday a strong appeal came to me to go up to 
Klockwan and gather up a lot of poor Stick chil- 



152 



ALASKA — ARIZONA. 



[February, 



dren who are orphans and practically slaves, sleep- 
ing in the tall grass wet with dew or rain, or crawl- 
ing under a spruce tree and gathering up leaves 
as a dog to make their beds, eating the bones thrown 
out by their elders for the dogs. Some of them 
have no clothing and others are not much better 
off. What could we do with the poor things if we 
had them, without shelter, clothing or food ? But 
I cannot go, although I believe from all that I can 
learn that there is no tribe of people in all the 
world in a more pitiable condition, mentally, 
morally and physically than these very people. Ever 
since I came here I have been looking forward to 
and praying and working for the time when I 
might go up to that country and gather up some of 
these children, for they are inaccessible to every 
other mission. It is a full thousand miles to the 
Catholic missions upon the Yukon and nearly that 
to the English missions upon the Mackenzie. 
These Sticks occupy a country not far from 500 
miles square, and make Chilkat their trading place 
whenever they dare to come down. There is a 
roving population, I do not know how great, for 
white feet have never been over the most of that 
country. Whatever is done for them must be done 
by the Chilkat Mission, for it would be next to im- 
possible, under present circumstances, to transport 
the bare necessities of life to that region. It must 
be plain then that whatever is done for them, must 
be done here, for they are afraid to come out alone. 
We must go after them, but when they even come 
within thirty miles I still have to say no, for my 
hands are already running over. 



Miss Fanny Willard, Chilkat:— I took a 
stroll through the village this evening, and as mis- 
sionary strolls are not taken for naught, I will tell 
you the result of my stroll. To meet these people 
in church, school, or Sabbath-school, is to see them 
on their very best behavior. Therefore to help them 
with the other side of their natures, frequent visits 
and calls are absolutely necessary. As I bent 
nearly double to enter the house of Isaac and 
Eebecca the thought came to me like an inspira- 
tion : " I'll talk about houses to them." The con- 
versation naturally turned on " houses." "When 
will the new church-house be finished, my mother ?" 
asked Isaac, turning his sightless eyes in my 
direction. (For Isaac is blind.) "The new 
church- house, my son ? ' ' This is only one of Isaac' s 
harmless jokes, calling me " mother," because, ac- 
cording to Tlingit learning, I belong to his 
mother's Totem. "The new church-house?" I 
repeated. ' ' It will be ready to pray in, in about 
four months. I wish you could see the new house, 
Isaac, and not only that one, but there is another 



little one just back of the manse. It is only a chicken 
house though.' ' "A chicken- house ? " he repeated. 
' ' They tell me that it has windows, and that it is 
better than any house in our village and it is a 
chicken-housb — clagoo ! " " Yes, ' ' I said laughing, 
" only a chicken-house, but it didn't cost more than 
thirty -five three-dollar blankets, Isaac. Just think 
what a cozy little house you could have for Susie 
and her mother for only thirty-five blankets. ' ' He 
didn't like the application and said: "Oh! my 
house is good enough for poor Tlingit folks like 
ourselves." "But," I said, "you ought to be 
sorry for me. Every time I come to see you I 
nearly break my back when I enter your door. 
And don't you remember how I nearly knocked a 
hole through your ceiling when I got up suddenly ? 
and oh ! how my poor head did ache ! ' ' Isaac 
laughed at the recollection and said : ' ' When I am 
rich I will build a nice Boston house, then I shall 
be high caste like Mr. Warne's chickens/" 

The seed seemed to have fallen on stony ground, 
but we are to sow with an unceasing, unwearying 
hand. We trust the Lord for the harvest. We 
are working for the temporal as well as the spiritual 
advancement of this people. In the face of such ap- 
palling social evils as we see about us every day, there 
are some who have bravely made a fight for God 
and moral purity. Such a man is K — on whom 
I made my last call of the evening. K — is having 
sore domestic trouble. After a few minutes of 
bright, cheerful talk about heaven I arose to go. 
K — took my hand and thanked me for my call. 
" I always feel better after I have had a talk with 
you and Mr. Warne," he said. Poor people, 
how I long to help them ! How thankful I am 
for the blessed privilege of talking to them in our 
own language ! Vacation from schoolroom work 
brings many more opportunities for just such calls. 
We recognize this as a very important part of our 
work, but it has been sorely neglected for lack of 
time. I am glad to report that the children have 
done very satisfactory work during the past school 
year. 



AKIZONA. 
Key. Charles. H. Cook, Sacaton : — Last Sunday 
we held the first meeting at our Wakey church, 
about twelve miles west of here, with a large con- 
gregation present. We still need a good bell and 
organ for that church and then it will be ready for 
dedication. Our fifth church in the Salt Kiver 
Valley will also be completed ere long. A good 
interest prevails. We have some opposition from 
the medicine men and baser elements. Some of 
them call themselves "the saints' people," prob- 
ably^ meaning Soman Catholics. They bow and 



1898.] 



IDAHO — INDIAN TERRITORY. 



153 



cross themselves before some picture and then have 
a big drunk in honor of some unknown saint. 

The Romish Church, with ample means, con- 
tributed by the nun Drexel, and under the direction 
of the Romish priest at Phoenix, is hard at work. 
Our great difficulty and hindrance at present is the 
lack of means and workers, and we cannot be and 
work in two or three places at the same time. Our 
Sacaton field with three churches now extends nearly 
fifteen miles east and about eighteen miles west, 
with a number of villages on both sides of the river, 
with nearly 3000 inhabitants, of whom 330 are 
church members. If we had another Indian helper, 
say Mr. Ed. Jackson, we could get along. The 
Gila Crossing field, with some sixty members and 
about 800 inhabitants, could be worked by one 
white man with an interpreter. Rev. Mr. Wyn- 
koop and wife are evidently doing well down 
there. The Salt River field is not so large, having 
less than 400 Pimas and about 170 Maricopas not 
so very far from the church. We ought to have a 
white man there for a few years. 

Should the government help us to water for irri- 
gation, as we hope, probably about 3000 Papagoes 
and possibly other Indians will settle within our 
Sacaton field, where we have an abundance of good 
and very fertile land when irrigated ; and then these 
Indians could and would do very much toward the 
self-support of their churches. 

The fields are white for the harvest. Now is 
the time to work. We do not like to ask for means 
or help to carry on the work, as you perhaps well 
know, but it is so hard and sad, that after years of 
sowing we see the harvest wasting, and so much 
needful work left undone for lack of men and means. 
Have we not a sister or two who could and would 
in a small measure imitate Miss Drexel ? 



IDAHO. 



Rev. James Hixes, Lapwai, Indian: — I was 
chosen stated supply at the camp meeting, all the 
native ministers and elders being present. I had 
but a share in the communion services held then. 
One woman was received into the communion of 
the church by examination and one infant baptized. 
Three trustees were elected to hold the patent to be 
granted by the government for church ground. 
There are many fierce temptations meeting my 
people in these last days, but the Lord has 
strengthened a goodly number so that we see his 
love for his work here and his power over his own 
children. 

INDIAN TERRITORY. 
Elizabeth May Walker, Henry Kendall 
College : — My school of the fourth and fifth grades 



consists of thirty- six of such bright girls and boys 
that it is a pleasure indeed to be able to aid them 
in securing the requisite foundations on which to 
place the broader knowledge which they may gain in 
the higher departments. In age my pupils are all 
the way from eight to eighteen. Nearly all are 
white, but some are "half-bloods" and I have three 
''full-blood" Indians. One of these, a fifteen- 
year-old girl, has received the second best term 
grades in the intermediate department, ten in one 
study and nine in the remaining. A white boy 
averaged ten in each of his studies. 



Rev. W. R. King, Henry Kendall College, Mus- 
kogee : — We are in the middle of the fourth year of 
Henry Kendall College with very encouraging 
prospects. Our enrollment is larger than ever 
before, every room being full and crowded. All 
of the old students are with us this year with but 
few exceptions. Every town in the Indian 
Territory is represented in the college with but one 
or two exceptions, and we have reached out into 
Kansas, Arkansas and Oklahoma beside. The 
great hindrance to our work is the lack of 
buildings. If we had proper buildings three or 
four hundred students could be secured with but 
little effort. We need larger accommodations. 

The greatest need of our Church in this synod is 
just such a school as we are trying to establish. 
The young people of this country are growing up 
in ignorance without the privilege of going to 
school. Beside the Indian population there are 
over 300,000 white people in the Territory who are 
going to make soon a part of the Union of States. 
It is of the greatest importance to the coming State 
that they be educated. 

I do not know of such a call, anywhere as this 
coming up from the young people of this Territory, 
many of them grown men and women who cannot 
write their own names. And they are not dull and 
stupid, but are bright and quick and become very 
brilliant in their professions when educated. The 
money spent in Henry Kendall College is bringing 
larger results than perhaps was ever dreamed of. We 
have a noble band of students in whom we take 
great delight. For earnest and faithful work and 
true manliness of character they cannot be surpassed. 
One example of their loyalty to their teachers and 
school may be of interest to you as it was of delight to 
us. A short time ago nine of our young men were 
allowed to visit Kansas City upon a special occasion 
All but one of this number had been in school here two 
or three years ; this young man, who had been with 
us but a short time, proposed while in the city to 
go to a saloon and get a drink. The others to a 
man said, " No, sir ! We will not go and we intend 



154 



IOWA — MINNESOTA —MONTANA OREGON. 



[February, 



to see that you do not. We are sent here on our 
honor and we do not propose to betray the confi- 
dence of our teachers, neither shall you." 

This is the kind of men Kendall is making ; a 
nobler band of young men and women I have never 
met. 

We appreciate what the Board is doing for this 
school and we trust the Church will give liberally 
to carry on this great work. 



IOWA. 



John L. Gage, New Sharon: — The work is 
fresh and to me as full of interest as it was the day 
I took up the work of a home missionary. One of 
the encouraging aspects of my church is the number 
of men who attend the prayer meetings. 



Rev. E. G. Beyer, Hazleton : — In looking over 
the work in the field I find that during my four and 
a half years' work here about 150 have been 
added to the churches, nearly all on profession of 
faith. During my ten years of missionary work in 
the presbytery I have received about 250 into the 
churches, hence an average of about twenty-five a 
year, by far the larger part on profession. 



Rev. A. G. Martyn, Benison: — Thus far since 
my coming to this field we have had I think no 
communion without accessions to the membership 
and in several instances large additions. 



Rev. J. Riale, Council Bluffs : — A point about 
two miles from Council Bluffs has been taken up be- 
cause there are quite a number of gardeners living 
around that point who will not come to the city to 
church and we must carry the gospel to them or 
they will remain destitute of it. 



Rev. J. C. Bantly, Iowa Qity : — I often thank 
my heavenly Father for the comfort of preaching to 
this people. Though they work hard, early and 
late, and the weather is extremely bad, they come 
to God's house, old and young, for spiritual bless- 
ing. 

MINNESOTA. 

Rev. J. S. McCormack, Howard Lake : — The 
better times are making things out here easier, but 
most of the people are poor. Very few have their 
farms clear from debts and mortgages. Some of the 
homes to which I have gone in my rounds of 
pastoral work are wretched in the extreme. I 
never saw anything worse in the city, with this ex- 
ception, that there hunger is added to the list of 



their woes. Here there is generally plenty to eat 
though the houses may be simple. I often wish 
that our wealthy people had a little of the content- 
ment characteristic of many of these people. 

Rev. J. S. Boyd, Alden : — My first quarter on 
this field has been full of work and foundation lay- 
ing. I was here without my family for some time ; 
goods were stored two months. Soon after Novem- 
ber 1 we were so far fitted up that the people came 
in force and gave us a house-warming and donation 
party, consisting of all sorts of groceries, vegetables, 
canned fruit, etc. , in abundance, so that we can say 
" full and abound." 



MONTANA. 



Rev. Geo. A. Blair, Corvallis : — There are 
hundreds of people living in our vicinity who never 
enter any church and if they could be induced to 
worship God on Sundays all our churches would be 
filled. 

NEW MEXICO. 

Rev. John M. Whitlock, Taos:— Twenty nine 
members have been received on profession in differ- 
ent churches in my field, and eight by letter. Twen- 
ty-two children have been baptized during the year. 
The present situation of the church is very promis- 
ing ; large attendance at our different churches and 
fields. The benevolence of the churches is growing 
better. Our evangelists are doing good work. Our 
teachers have a bright beginning and will have 
large schools this year. Our Sabbath-schools are 
also growing in every respect. I am proud of our 
Christian Endeavorers ; as they gain knowledge 
they march forward in the good work. 



OREGON. 



Rev. James Thompson, Brownsville .-—Recently 
we called a congregational meeting and had our 
people adopt a plan of systematic giving to God. 
This was an innovation in the sight of some of 
our oldest and best members, but it has been adopted 
and we hope to see it work for the glory of the 
Master. 

On October 2 I fell from my bicycle and was 
most severely hurt. The injuries were internal and 
a typhoid condition ensued, and for fifteen days I 
have been waited on night and day. This report is 
written by my daughter and dictated to her in 
much weakness. But only one service has been 
omitted through my sickness ; and during the three 
months just ended I preached and lectured thirty 
times. 



1898.] 



APPOINTMENTS. 



155 



APPOINTMENTS. 

E. G. McKinley, Hawthorn, Fla. 

W. M. Covert, Starke and Waldo, 1st, 

T. C. Potter, Crescent City, 1st, 

W. W. Faris, Miami and Cocoanut Grove, 

C. E. Jones, Lakeland, 1st, and Punta Gorda, 
H. M. Goodell, Crystal River and Dunellon, 1st, 
W. P. Friedrich, Calistoga, Pope Valley and stations, Cal 
J. H. Stewart, Presbyterial Missionary, 
A. J. Compton, Inglewood, 1st, 
J. M. Newell, Los Angeles, Bethesda, 
G. E. Keithley, Coronado, Graham Mem'l, 
J. C. Fletcher, La Crescenta and station, 

E. E. Clark, Fruitvale, 
R. Robinson, San Francisco, Lebanon, 
A. Eakin, Santa Cruz, 1st, 
J. B. Taylor, Fillmore and Penrose, 1st and station, 

F. R. Wotring, D.D., Brush Rankin and station, Colo. 

G. A. M. Lilly, Slack, Immanuel, Wolf Creek and sta- 

tion, . Wyo. 

S. W. Richards, Grand Junction, 1st, Colo. 
W. F. Price, Walsenburg, 1st, and station, 

E. Hamilton, Chickasha, Rush Springs and station, I. T. 
W. Meyer, Edmond, 1st, Deer Creek, Bethesda and 

Waterloo, O. T. 

T. A. Sanson, Nowata, I. T. 

J. F. Fetterolf, Adair, 1st, Iowa. 

A. Litherland, Council Bluffs, 2d, " 
S. H. King, Seymour and Promise City, " 
W. Schiller, Saratoga, Bohemian, " 
J. C. Bantly, Unity, 

D. J. George, Hermon, Nolo and Blue Grass, " 
J. B. Vance, Elliott Creek and Woodbury County, 1st, " 
S. R. Anderson, Wichita, Lincoln Street, Kans. 

E. J. Brown, Conway Springs and Peotone, " 
J. S. McClung, Brainerd, " 
L. Martin, Neuchatel, French and English, " 

B. H. Gragg, Pratt, 1st, and Iuka, " 
W. S. Williams, McCune, 1st, " 
S. W. Mitchell, Scammon and Weir City, " 
T. T. Barrier, Oberlin, 1st, " 
R. Arthur, Bow Creek, Logan and Pleasant Hill, " 
J. M. Spargrove, Wamego, 1st, " 
A. H. Lindsay, Greensburg, Ky. 
W. D. Cole, Deckerville, Bridgehampton and station, Mich. 
A. C. Barclay, Elkton, 1st, Chandler and Pinnebog, " 
A C. Mclver, Marlette, 2d, and Flynn, " 

E. A. Douglas, Grand Marais, 1st, " 

C. Daniels, Port Hope, Bloomfield and Grindstone City, " 

D. Morrison, Iron Mountain, 1st, " 
J. Swindt, Sunfield and West Sebewa, " 
S. Megaw, Maple Ridge and Omer, " 
P. V. Jenness, Bay City, Memorial, " 
C. M. Boyce, Cathro, Fairfield, " 
G. West, Red Lake Falls, 1st, Minn. 
W. J. Mitchell, Royalton, 1st, and Elmdale, " 
T. N. Weaver, Austin, 1st, and Blooming Prairie, " 

J. C. Sefton, Pastor-at-Large, Mo. 
J. A. Novinger, Birdseye Ridge and Bell Porter Mem'l, " 

F. W. Grossman, Albany, 1st, " 

E. A. Boyd, Carrolton, 1st, " 
W. A. MacMinn, St. Louis, Oak Hill, " 

E. D. Walker, St. Louis, Wesminster, " 

G. H. Duty, Ironton, 1st, and Graniteville, " 

F. H. Gwynne, D.D., Synodical Missionary, Mont. 



G. C. Giffen, Pastor-at-Large, Neb. 

W. M. Porter, Nelson, 1st, " 

T. D. Lunn, Staplehurst and Firth, " 

W. B. Leonard, Cozad, 1st, " 
W. H. Parker, Utica and Gresham, 

C. A. Stewart, Fairmount and Sawyer, 
G. Scarr, Barneston, 1st, and Liberty, 

J. Warner, Osmond, 1st, Bethesda and station, " 

E. M. Fenton, Jemez, Nacimiento and Capulin, N. M. 

B. C. Meeker, Las Cruces, 1st, 

S. W. Curtis, Las Vegas, LosValles, LaLuz and stations, " 

S. I. Davis, Apalachin, 1st, N. Y. 

W. P. Harmon, Luzerne and Conklingville, " 

W. W. Ketchum, Afton, 1st, " 

J. H. Jensen, Clarkstown, German, " 
H. P. Faust, New York City Hebrew Christian Mission, " 
H. G. Miller, New York City, Mt. Tabor, 

D. I. Morrison, East Meredith, 1st, 

D. A. McLean, Heuvelton, 1st, " 
J. J. Crane, Clare and De Grass Valleys, 

L. T. Cole, Brashear Falls, 1st, " 

F. H. Pierce, North Granville, 1st, Bay Road and 
French Mountain, " 

I. E. White, Port Chester, 1st, " 

J. Wray, Glencoe, Steele, Sterling and Williamsport, N. D. 

J. Hamilton, Towner and Poplar Grove, 

W. G. Rogerson, Harvey and Viking, 

R. Johnston, Gilby and station, " 

W. Steele, Klickitat, 1st, Centreville, Bethel, Canyon, 

and stations, Wash. 

F. S. Thomas, Elgin and Summerville, Oreg. 

F. L. Forbes, Pendleton, 1st, " 
W. H. Jones, Mehama, 1st, and Mill City, 

T. Brouillette, Gervais, Fairfield and Liberty, " 
W. S. Peterson, Lead and Deadwood, 1st, and Inglewood 

station, S. D. 

G. P. Beard, Whitewood, 1st, " 

E. S. Evans, Dell Rapids, 1st, " 
E. S. Chaffee, Parkston and Union Centre, 

H. A. Brown, Alexandria and Hope Chapel, 

H. P. Cory, Tusculum, Mt. Bethel and Erwin, Tenn. 

E. L. Walz, Jr., Riceville, College Hill and Brittains 

Cove, N. C. 

H. M. Boyd, Reems Creek and Jupiter, " 

C. Marston, Elizabethton, Tenn. 
H. M. Pressly, Thomas and Pratt City, Ala. 
J. N. McGinley, New Market, 1st, Tenn. 
A. J. Coile, Knoxville, Bell Avenue, " 
J. P. Lyle, Kerrville and stations, Tex. 
C. F. Richardson, Ogden, 1st, Utah. 
G. M. Hardy, St. George, " 
H. Lamont, Vancouver, 1st Mem'l, Wash. 
J. H. Raynard, Pastor-at-Large, 

G. S. Rice, Kelso, Napavine and stations, " 
A. B. Cort, Friday Harbor, Lopez, Calvary and stations, " 

N. McLeod, Rathdrum and Post Falls, " 
R. H. Parker, Palouse, Bethany and station, 

J. S. Wilson, Bangor, Wis. 

W. D. Thomas, Ph.D., Pastor-at-Large, " 
T. C. Hill, Neillsville, 1st, Pleasant Ridge, Oxford, Short- 

villeand station, " 

R. F. Morley, Verona, " 

W. J. Turner, Kilbourn, 1st, " 

J. R. Godfrey, Oxford and Douglas, " 

Z. F. Blakely, Stiles, Oconto Falls and station, " 

R. J. L. Matthews, Westfield, 1st, and the Flats, " 



Uri 



A PERSIAN ENTERTAINMENT. 



[February, 1898. 




§2 
a a 






sy eg 

< a 

o 



Young People's Christian Endeavor. 



Said the late Duchess of Teck : "I am here to 
do a little good, and I will do it as long as I am 

able." 

* * 
* 

"I shake hands with you with my heart," is 

the greeting of a Presbyterian Sioux Indian pastor. 

Kead his letter on page 143. 

*** 
When Lord Tennyson was asked what was his 
highest aim, he replied : ' ' My supreme wish is to 
get a clearer vision of God." 

*** 
In reply to the question, "What shall we do 
with the full-blooded Indian?" an earnest 
Quaker said: "Send a fulltblooded Christian 
after him." 

Humility is suggested as the topic for meditation 
during February, for the Comrades of the Quiet 
Hour. Read Luke 7:6, 7 ; Eom. 7 : 18 ; Phil. 
3 : 12, 13 ; 1 Tim. 1-15. 

* * 
* 

The Rev. James B. Rodgers, of Rio Janeiro, 
Brazil, has been visiting the young people's socie- 
ties in the presbyteries of Albany and Columbia, 
which provide for his support. 

* * 

The success of the late Dr. Thomas Evans is 
said to be due to his attempt to live up to the motto 
adopted when he was a young man : ' ' Learn to do 
one thing better than anybody else." 

* * 

One missionary society has the motto, "Know 
and you will feel ; know and you will pray ; know 
and you will work," illuminated and hanging in 
the room where its meetings are held. 

*** 
" Looking towards sunrise and working for the 

better day," is the motto of Light and Life, an ex- 
cellent monthly edited by Pastor Remick, of North 
Presbyterian Church, in Geneva, N. Y. 

* * 
* 

An attractive home mission program for the use 
of the Young People's societies on Endeavor day, 
February 2, is furnished free to those who will in 
connection with its use make an offering for home 
missions. 

*** 
Tennyson, walking in the garden of a friend, was 
asked what he thought of Jesus Christ. He stop- 
ped and plucked a white flower and then replied : 
"What the sun is to that flower Jesus Christ is 
to my soul." 



Irregularity of attendance at church is as much 
a hindrance to the progress of a church member in 
the divine life as irregularity of attendance at 
school is to the progress of the pupil in scholar- 
ship. — Light and Life. 

*** 
To secure harmony of thought and prayer upon 
the great missionary subjects, The Standard adopts 
for the monthly church missionary meeting the 
same topics that have been announced for the Bap- 
tist Young People's Union. 

* * 
* 

Admiral Foote, when abroad at a foreign port 
where there were missionaries, was accustomed to 
make his first call in state, in order to show the 
natives that his government honored those self- 
denying men. Dr. Nelson's reminiscence in an- 
other column will be read with interest. 

* * 

The Endeavorer who takes part in meeting by 
prayer needs to study how to pray. Many think 
carefully over a subject when they expect to speak 
on it, but when they expect to pray in a meeting 
give their participation no previous thought. In 
this way much of the power and possibilities of 
prayer are lost. — Occident. 

*** 

The Woman's North Pacific Board of Missions 
is arranging a missionary outlook reading course, 
the purpose of which is closer cooperation and wider 
knowledge. By means of a systematic use of books 
and magazines it is hoped that an earnest study of 
missions will bring a well-classified fund of informa- 
tion to those who take the course. 

*** 

The purpose of missionary societies is well stated 

in Woman's Work for Woman. They "should 

endeavor to secure volunteers for actual service on 

the field ; to incite to liberal giving ; to encourage 

regular and systematic praying for missions ; to 

educate Christians along missionary lines ; to 

deepen the missionary spirit ; to arouse interest in 

missionary reading." 

* * 
* 

For ten years the Christian Endeavor depart- 
ment in the Christian Intelligencer has steadily aimed 
to develop the denominational loyalty and activity 
of the young people. One outgrowth of its influ- 
ence in this direction, writes Dr. Mason, has been 
the Christian Endeavor Missionary League ; an- 

157 



158 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



[February, 



other, the various local enterprises ot a denomina- 
tional character among the young people ; a third, 
the growth of a fraternal spirit among the younger 
elements of the Church. 

*** 

Twenty years ago, says Woman 1 s Work for 
Woman, a lady interested in bee culture began to 
support a Bible woman with her honey money. 
Year after year the annual sixty dollars was sent 
in as quietly as the bees gathered the sweets that 
earned it ; and year after year the word, " sweeter 
than honey," was taught afar by this faithful 
helper. Now the giver adds to this year's gift one 
thousand dollars for safe investment, that the in- 
terest may be used to keep on telling the good news 
unto the end. 

* 

The higher our aim for the personal religious 
life of our children the more we value such a help 
as the organized society of a company of young 
people learning how to be systematically generous 
as the stewards of the Lord ; learning how to sacri- 
fice, seeing the need there is in the world ; learning 
how to love somewhat as Christ loved, and learning 
how to go out in their affections beyond the poor 
child in the next street, even to the ends of the 
world, just as Christ went out in love and pity. — 
Mrs. C. H. Daniels, in Life and Light. 

*** 
To illustrate what consecration means in real life, 

Dr. Clark quotes this paragraph from the life of 

Stonewall Jackson : "I have so fixed the habit in 

my own mind," said he, "that I never raise a 

glass of water to my lips without asking ^God's 

blessing. I never seal a letter without putting a 



word of prayer under the seal. I never take a 

letter from the post without a brief sending of my 

thoughts heavenward. I never change my classes 

in the section-room without a minute's petition for 

the cadets that go out and those that come in. ,, 

* * 
* 

A bishop's daughter, the sister of an earl, whose 
income was suddenly reduced to £150 a year, de- 
termined that this unexpected providence should 
not deprive her of the joy and privilege of giving 
for the extension of Christ's kingdom. By dis- 
pensing with servants, making her own clothing and 
other economies she was able to give £70 a year to 
missions. Not content with this, she labored dili- 
gently to increase the amount. By the sale of 
fancy work and cut flowers, by teaching, by writ- 
ing, mending and shopping for others it was possi- 
ble to send in one year £270 for foreign mission 
work. 

*** 

At a recent meeting of the American Missionary 
Association in Illinois an eloquent negro minister, 
Rev. Mr. Proctor, gave an address on ' ' Uncle 
Tom's Sons," in which he related the following 
story : A Confederate officer lay dying on a Vir- 
ginia battlefield. His faithful slave valet stood at 
his side. As the master was breathing his last, he 
said to the slave, " Go, go." "Go where, 
master?" asked the servant. "Go North and be a 
free man ; you are too noble a man to be a slave." 
"No, master, I'se 'bliged to go back. I promised 
missus that if you fell I would bring back to her 
the Bible she sewed in your vest pocket. I would 
like to be free, but I'se 'bliged to go back." The 




A Sioux Indian's Hut. 



1898.] 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



159 




Indian Junior Christian Endeavor Society. Santee Normal Training School. 



master died. Back went the slave, across rivers, 
over plains, through cane brakes, till he reached 
the old Mississippi plantation. When he had 
delivered the book, he was remanded to slavery ! 



Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer writes of the girls of 
Wellesley College that they gather every morning 
at chapel to bow their heads together for a moment 
before they scatter among the libraries and lecture 
rooms and begin the experiments of the new day. 
And always their college motto meets the eyes that 
are raised to its penetrating message, "Not to be 
ministered unto, but to minister." How many 
a young heart has loyally responded, ' ' And to give 
life a ransom for many." That is the " Wellesley 
spirit ; " and the same sweet spirit of devout service 
has gone forth from all our college halls. In any 
of them one may catch the echo of Whittier's noble 
psalm : 

Lord and Master of us all 

Whate'er our name or sign, 
We own thy sway, we hear thy call, 

We test our lives by thine. 

That is the supreme test of life — its consecrated 
serviceableness. 



Missionary societies should be organized among 
young people for the quickening of their intellec- 
tual life, writes Mrs. C. H. Daniels in Life and 
Light. The programs of an active mission circle 
for one year touch upon some of the most important 
events of our time. Nations, great and small, re- 
ceive some attention, and heroes like Livingstone, 



Stanley and Neesima pass in review. All the bits 
of foreign news in daily papers assume new inter- 
est to young people when they have heard at mis- 
sion circle about Armenian affairs, war between 
China and Japan, or the Spaniards at Ponape. 
But beyond this is a certain preparation tending 
toward the truest culture ; for best culture consists 
in assimilating knowledge acquired with facts con- 
cerning God and his kingdom. Leaving these 
factors out of the account we fall into false think- 
ing. The mission circle is certainly one useful in- 
strument for harnessing facts of God and his king- 
dom to such other knowledge as the young minds 
may be drinking in. 

*** 

Lee Chack Hoa, living in a village near Canton, 
was a young Chinese of great mental ability, who 
devoted himself to the study of the classics and 
Confucian philosophy, and ranked high as a 
scholar. He would often enter a mission hall 
which he had to pass on his way to school and en- 
gage in argument with the Christian missionary. 
On one of these visits he listened to the preaching 
of a young Chinaman who became a Christian 
in New York and had just returned to his native 
land. Through the simple preaching of this man 
Lee Chack became convinced of the genuineness 
of Christianity and was led to inquire more about 
the " Jesus religion." His inquiries were honest, 
and eventually he was received into the Christian 
Church. To equip himself thoroughly for useful- 
ness he entered college, and in a few years began 
to preach the gospel in the suburbs of Canton. So 
successful was he as a preacher that his fame 



160 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



[February, 



reached the Chinese colony in Portland, Oregon, 
and he was invited to come and minister to his 
countrymen there. After a few years of earnest 
labor in Portland and also in San Francisco he 
settled down in the Chinese colony in New York. 
His whole time is now devoted to the Chinese in 
New York and Brooklyn, with occasional visits to 
Boston and Philadelphia. The Rev. Frederic 
Poole, who relates the above facts in The Chinaman, 
says that in the latter city the experience, testi- 
mony and example of Lee Chack Hoa have served 
to stimulate to greater activity all who have come 
in contact with him. 

* 
One hundred and fifteen students of nine dif- 
ferent nationalities were enrolled last year in the 
American College for Girls in Constantinople. Since 
the number is small the teachers are able to give 
individual attention to the students in a way that 
develops thoroughness, true scholarship and charac- 
ter. The Christian Endeavor Society, founded 
five years ago, has been resolved into a Christian 
Association, as the organization of the latter is 
thought to be better suited to the present conditions. 
The presence of a number of strong, 




characters among the students has given an inspira- 
tion to practical and spiritual religion, and a new 
enthusiasm pervades the religious life of the col- 
lege. Scattered widely throughout the world, in 
Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Russia and Turkey, as 
well as England, France, Switzerland, Denmark 
and the United States, the alumnoe are, in most 
cases, engaged in some specific work. These are 
some of the interesting facts given by the president 
of the college, Miss Mary Mills Patrick, in the 
January Life and Light for Woman. 



A young girl who had just listened to an ad- 
dress of the spiritual needs of China, enclosed a 
small sum of money to the missionary and wrote : 
"It was to have been spent for something which 
would have been a great pleasure for me, but I 
think God asked me for it. I wish it were more, 
but though it is so tiny I wish I could tell you how 
glad I feel to give it. If girls who have not much 
to give could only know the real joy of giving, you 
would soon have plenty of gifts for China." 



The Observer's Washington letter speaks of the 
Chinese Minister Plenipotentiary, Wu Ting 
FaDg, as a man of broad and progressive 
ideas, who wishes the Chinese in this 
country to have the opportunity of a 
common schoool education, and also that 
higher training which will fit them for 
professional occupations. He recently ad- 
vised a Chinese merchant in Philadelphia 
to establish a reading-room, where his 
countrymen might spend their time in 
the company of books, newspapers and 
harmless games, instead of in smoking 
opium and gambling. "My great concern," 
he says, "is to awaken ambition in the 
Chinese here who now work all the 
time and keep their minds solely on the 
small things of the shop. I want to see 
their children kept in school longer, in- 
stead of being put to work at a very early 
age." He believes that Chinese boys, 
like the boys of America, are capable 
of receiving a good education, and lead- 
ing lives on a high plane. His eldest son 
is attending public school and is making 
good progress. Wu Ting Fang is a mem- 
ber of the Church of England, was educated 
in London and called to the English bar, 
and has been the legal adviser of Li Hung 
Chang. For the portrait we are indebted 
to the Rev. Frederic Poole, editor of The 
Chinaman. 



1898.] 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



161 




Miss Mary W. Niles, M.D., Canton, China. 



Dr. Mary W. Niles, who has been a missionary 
in China for fifteen years, is supported by the 
Woman's Missionary Society of the Presbytery of 
Steuben. She is in charge of the female depart- 
ment of the Canton Hospital. Dr. Niles is a daugh- 
ter of the late William A. Niles, D.D., whose por- 
trait appears on page 100. Both portraits are from 
Dr. James A. Miller's " History of the Presbytery 
of Steuben." and are here reproduced by courtesy 
of the author. 

*** 

A missionary in China relates that on one oc- 
casion he was surprised to see men coming towards 
him with wheelbarrows. He soon discovered that 
they were bringing a number of petitions from two 
hundred villages, urging the missionaries to go out 
to teach them. 

* 

There are in China warm-hearted Christians, 
enthusiastic in their efforts to build up the Church. 
To illustrate this fact, which he states in The 
Independent, Prof. Isaac T. Headland mentions 
the case of an aged couple who were childless and 
in good financial circumstances, who deeded all 



their property to the Church and then paid rent to 

the Church for the house in which they lived. 

* 
These are true words, spoken by an English 

minister : While the Young People's society is of 
necessity local as to its seat and its immediate 
work, it must feel the inspiration of denominational 
and Church life, and enter into all the great move- 
ments of the Church. It must feel that it is not 
an appendage to the Church, but an integral part 
of it ; that the battles of the Church are its battles, 
and that the victories of the Church are its 
triumphs. It is the Church itself among the young 
people, directing, sanctifying and glorifying their 
life, and utilizing their energies in the sublime 
work of subduing all things unto Jesus Christ. Let 
the society realize that its mission is not simply to 
hold a weekly prayer meeting, visit occasionally a 
few poor people and relieve their wants, or read a 
few books during the year ; but that every work of 
the Church is its work, every interest its inter- 
est, and that the Church's largest prosperity can- 
not be achieved without its sympathy, enthusiasm 
and loving cooperation. On such conditions it will 
become a mighty power for God and humanity. 



162 



DARKNESS AND LIGHT. 



[February, 



AT EMMAUS. 

WILLIAM HERVEY WOODS. 

They did not know him as they walked ; 

Their eyes were holden while he talked ; 

But when at home he Drake the bread, 

" It is the Lord !" they quickly said. 

Would'st know the Christ? Make him thy guest ; 

His hearthstone manner shows him best. 

— The Independent. 



KEMINISCENCE OF ADMIRAL FOOTE. 

HENRY A. NELSON, D.D. 

I had the very great privilege of conversing with 
him while he was at Cairo preparing his fleet of 
gunboats for the heroic service which he did with 
them on the western rivers. He was kind enough 
to give me a pretty full account of his experience 
in the navy. He was a young naval officer when 
he made a profession of faith in Christ. Con- 
vinced of his need of Christ as a Saviour 
from sin, and heartily so accepting him, feeling 
Christ's claim upon him for the devotion of his 
whole life to his service, and resolving with God's 
help to fulfil that claim, it seemed to him that he 
must give up his profession. 

A more experienced Christian with whom he 
took counsel said : "If you consider the naval ser- 
vice wrong — if you think that the nation ought not 
to have a navy — then, certainly, if you will be a 
true and faithful Christian, you must resign your 
commission and go into some business which your 
conscience approves. But if you judge the navy 
to be a proper police of the seas, an instrument of 
the government for the support of its own au- 
thority and the defense of its people, then surely 
your new purpose to be a disciple of Christ is no 
reason at all for abandoning the profession for 
which you have been educated by your country. 
Be a Christian naval officer." 

Young Foote saw that his friend had given a fair 
exposition and application of the apostle's direc- 
tion, "Let every man abide in the same calling 
wherein he was called" (1 Cor. 7: 20). He soon 
decided not to leave the navy, but to serve God in 
the service of his country. 

Continuing his account of his early experience, 
with perfect frankness and simplicity he said : "It 
was not a common thing, in my youth, for a naval 
officer to be a Christian. In becoming decidedly so 
I made myself peculiar, and expected that living 
the Christian life I meant to live would operate 
against my advancement in rank. Deliberately, by 
the grace of God, I gave up my hope of promotion 
and distinction for the sake of my Saviour. But it 
has turned out very differently from what I ex- 
pected. Promotion has come to me, from one rank 



to another, in the service more rapidly than I 
could reasonably have expected, and I have been 
very successful." 

So, thankfully, did he testify that in his experi- 
ence godliness had been profitable for this life as 
well as for that which is to come. He was a com- 
modore when I had that talk with him at Cairo. 
Not long after that he stood on his gunboat direct- 
ing the successful assault upon Fort Henry. When 
a shot killed the pilot, beside whom the commodore 
was standing, he took the wheel with his own 
steady hand and held the boat firmly to its position, 
while he ordered the progress of the bloody battle. 
Such heroic service soon raised him to the highest 
rank in the navy, and made Admiral Foote one 
of the brightest names in our country's annals. 

I count it a rich privilege to have had brief but 
good opportunity of knowing him personally, and 
to retain in my mind such a vivid recollection of 
him — modest and gentle as a woman, Jbrave as a 
lion, saintly as an apostle. 



DARKNESS AND LIGHT. 

ROBERT E. SPEER. 

I wonder whether any country in the world has 
a dirtier capital than China has. If it has, I should 
not like to visit it. The dust was a foot deep on 
the rough sandy road which led from the railroad 
station to the Peking city wall. (The railroad has 
come within three miles of the wall now, but cannot 
now come nearer to the sacred place.) And the 
solid, springless, blue-topped carts, drawn by 
mules, stirred up the dust in clouds, as scores of 
them hurried to and fro. When our own bounced 
through the stone archway in the wall and entered 
the southern city the dust was not so bad, but over 
the boulders and in the ruts of the "stone road — not 
repaired for generations — the carts jostled along 
savagely. First they passed a wedding procession 
with its red bridal chair preceded by crowds of 
beggars hired to carry banners and magnify the oc- 
casion. Then a funeral procession came, with the 
mourners in white, wailing, with wisps of straw 
tied around their legs, and more beggars grinning 
and leaping and waving more banners. Then the 
carts ran through the market streets odorous with 
such smells as civilization has forgotten how to 
produce, and at last turned through another great 
archway in a wall, and entered the inner city. 
Imposing gateways rose high in the air, built solidly 
of brick, but the gates beneath were rickety and 
venerable, roughly made of wood and sheet iron. 
The glistening green tiles on temple roofs caught 
the eyes here and there, and the ruts in the road, 
worn so deep that the wheels went down to the 



1898.] 



PRESBYTERIAN ADAPTATION OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



163 



hubs, emphasized each new vision by a thump and 
jolt of the carts. At last inside the inner city the 
yellow tiled walls of the Imperial City appeared, 
"The Forbidden City," as dirty to all appearance 
as the outer city, or the deep, dusty road without 
the walls. Cesspools lined the roads ; no dream 
of drainage had ever disturbed the thoughts of the 
rulers of the city. Dust we are ; unto dust must 
we return. Why should we be so proud now for a 
little season as to spurn our origin and our destiny ? 
After a while, as the carts still jog along, and the 
poor traveler's body becomes more bruised and 
sore, thrown now against one and now against the 
other side of the cart, the dirt and uncleanness 
grow wearisome and then unendurable. Is there 
no clean spot ? 

But the carts turned at last, plunged through a 
wide gutter into a narrow alley, stopped before a 
gate, and we slipped through, dirty and weary, into 
the cleanness and peace of a mission compound. Who 
that has never experienced this contrast can under- 
stand it ? In so-called Christian cities there is dirt 
enough, but it lies in quarters, and there are whole 
sections that are clean. In Peking it is dirty 
everywhere, and to pass out of the seamed road, 
the blowing dust, the foul fords and smells, into 
the pure and wholesome atmosphere of a Christian 
home is "transition," almost, it seems at first sight, 
like "the gateway of the life Elysian." 

Christianity is the cleansing religion. It cleanses 
men's hearts. It cleanses their homes. It cleanses 
their cities. The hearts and the homes and the 
cities of China need its cleansing. Will you not 
send it, all of it, the power, pure and purifying, 

" Of the water and the blood 
From his riven side which flowed " ? 



PRESBYTERIAN ADAPTATION OF CHRIS- 
TIAN ENDEAVOR. 

The Rev. N. B. Remick, D.D., of Geneva, 
N. Y., believes that one comprehensive pledge or 
covenant, entered once for all, is better than many 
which bind each private detail or particular of the 
Christian life. He writes in The Presbyterian : I 
would make the covenant entered into when unit- 
ing with the church to serve all the purposes or 
obligations of church membership afterwards. To 
emphasize our church covenant is, in my judgment, 
most in accord with the history and genius of Pres- 
byterianism, and one of the things most needed in 
church life. I would suggest to a company of 
young people about to organize a society, in place 
of the Christian Endeavor pledge to substitute the 
church covenant. 

The covenant used at the public reception of new 




Secretary Robert E. Speer. 

Courtesy of Sunday School Times. 
members in a certain Presbyterian church reads as 
follows: "You do now covenant and promise, in 
the presence of God and your fellow-men, that you 
will study the Scriptures and endeavor to regulate 
your life by the precepts therein taught ; that you 
will attend faithfully upon the meetings of this 
church ; that you will seek its prosperity ; that you 
will treat its members with kindness and Christian 
courtesy, and always endeavor to promote peace 
and harmony among them ; that you will seek some 
department of Christian work connected with the 
church and labor therein as God gives you ability ; 
that you will study the life of Christ and try to 
follow the example which he has given us, and 
carefully avoid whatever would be unseemly in a 
member of his household. You so covenant and 
promise ?' ' 

Now suppose a member is to be received into the 
Young People's society. I would ask him to stand 
up in his place or come forward to the desk — as 
may be most agreeable to the person received — and then 
either the president or pastor or ruling elder say : 
"In becoming a member of our society, you are 
publicly renewing your covenant with our church, 
which was, as you remember, as follows :" (Here 
follows the reading of the church covenant. ) After 
which I would add : " In view of our renewed assent 
to our church covenant, we lovingly and prayer- 
fully receive you into the fellowship of our Young 
People's Christian Endeavor. Let us spend a mo- 
ment in silent prayer." After the silent prayer, a 
few sentences of thanksgiving and commendation to 
the Holy Spirit in audible prayer might be added 
by the president or pastor or some honored and 
loving church officer. This may be followed 
by singing a verse or two of an appropriate 
hymn. 

As an alternative to, or a substitute for, the in- 
troductory words suggested above, for those who 
prefer taking a covenant once for all, the following 
sentence might be used : " In view of the covenant 
or promise you made to our church when receiv 



164 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE. 



[February, 



into its membership, we take pleasure in declaring 
you a member of our society to-day. And in order 
to refresh your memory, as well as ours, I will now 
read the words of the pledge you and we gave to 
the church." The reading follows, and the prayers 
and the hymns. 

Can there be anything simpler, more solemn, 
more effective, more Presbyterian, more Christian 
Endeavor than this? I lay no stress upon the 
verbiage employed above. There may be fitter 
phraseology ; that can be left to the Christian cul- 
ture of each pastor, or session, or society. It is the 
plan which is commended. If I understand the 
genius or intent of Christian Endeavor aright, the 
substitution of the church covenant for what is 
honored as "The Christian Endeavor pledge" 
would be in complete accord with the local and 
denominational aims of the society. The Young 
People's society using the church covenant for 
their pledge will be entitled to no less recognition 
as Christian Endeavorers than the societies which 
inscribe on their banner the beautiful words: ' 'Trust- 
ing in the Lord Jesus for strength, I promise," 
etc. Moreover, it will meet the wants of many 



elect people in the Presbyterian Church, who are 
now holding back from this interdenominational 
movement, or quietly advocating or adopting a 
strictly denominational society. 



THE SHORTEST WAY. 

An enterprising newspaper in London has a pri- 
vate wire connecting with Edinburgh in order to 
command the latest, freshest news from the Scot- 
tish Athens. One night the clerk, who was out to 
collect local items, returned late and could not get 
in — he had forgotten to take his night-key. He 
thought a moment. It was of no use to knock at the 
door — the only fellow-clerk in the building was too 
far away to hear him. He stepped to a neighboring 
telegraph office and sent a message to Edinburgh : 

' ' Tell that I am at the street door and cannot 

get in." In twenty minutes the door was un- 
fastened and he was at his desk in the office. The 
shortest way to get at the man in the fourth story 
was by Edinburgh. How long will it take us to 
learn that our shortest route to the man next door 
is by way of God's throne? — Missionary Review. 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE. 

For Young People's Societies and Other Church Organizations. 

[Prepared by the Rev. Hugh B. MacCauley and the Rev. Albert B. Robinson, and approved by General Assembly, May, 
See Outline C, with Helpful Hints, in the September, 1897, number of The Church at Home and Abroad, 



1896 and 1897 
pp. 222, 223.] 

A church literature table is suggested, supplied 
with material from the respective Boards of the 
Church. See that each family in the congregation 
receives during the month of February a leaflet 
describing some part of the great work in which 
our Church is engaged. Send also for sample 
copies of The Church at Home and Abroad 
for distribution. 

This issue of our magazine is a young people's 
number. In it the work committed to each Board is 
presented in a way that should appeal to the sympa- 
thies of every young Presbyterian. Dr. Ellin- 
wood's special message to the young people, "A 
New Arithmetic for the Times," which appeared 
in October, is worthy of another reading. 

The relation of the Christian Training Course to 
the authorized monthly magazine of the Presbyte- 
rian Church is like that of the Literary and Scien- 
tific Course to the Chautauquan. One purpose of 
the Training Course is to help young people who 
are preparing themselves to engage in Christian 
work. The purpose of the magazine is to present 
the work of our Church attractively each month. 
The Church has a right to expect that her young 



people will read what is said by those who have been 
appointed leaders in the different departments of 
that great work. 

Material for study in preparation for a Westmin- 
ster service may be found in the "Memorial Volume 
of the Westminster Assembly," which consists of a 
number of interesting and eloquent addresses. It 
is published by the General Assembly of the Pres- 
byterian Church (South), and may be obtained 
through the Presbyterian Committee of Publication, 
Richmond, Va. 

The last regular meeting of the Westminster As- 
sembly, and the real conclusion of its work, occurred 
on February 22, 1648. This month will therefore 
be the 250th anniversary. As suggested in the 
program opposite, the subjects involved are so im- 
portant and interesting that a whole evening 
should be given up to their consideration. Plenty 
of matter for such an exercise is given in the pro- 
gram. Sunday evening, February 20, would be a 
very good time, or the prayer meeting evening of 
the same week, Wednesday, February 23. By all 
means prepare for ' ' Westminster Evening, Febru- 
ary, 1898," 



1898.] 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE PROGRAMS. 



165 



CHRISTIAN TRAINING COURSE PROGRAMS. 



Outline C. Program No. 9, February, 1898. 
I. Biblical — 25 Minutes. 

1. Hymn. Biblical Leader in charge. 

2. Prayer. 

3. Biblical Study. Bible Writers and Contents . Study 
VIII— The Old Testament 1. How and When One Book ? 

Required reading : Rev. Dr. Rice's Our Sixty-six Sacred 
Books, pp. 81-91 ; Questions, p. 150. 

1. Books in Septuagint Bible, p. 81. 

2. Testimony of Origen and Josephus, p. 82. 

3. The Triple Division, p. 82. 

4. What Philo and Talmudists Say, p. 83. 

5. What Christ and New Testament Writers Say, p. 83. 
Also note the reference texts at bottom of page 84. 

6. Old Testament Books quoted in New, p. 84. 

7. The Synod of Jamnia, p. 85. Did the Jews of Egypt 
differ from the Jews of Palestine ? Ans., p. 86. 

8. How Formed, p. 86. 

9. Ezra and the Great Synagogue, p. 87. 

10. Objections Answered, p. 87. 

11. Order of the Books, pp. 88-91. What is the Patristic 
list? Ans., p. 90. What did the Council of Trent say about 
the Roman Catholic Canon? Ans., p. 90. What is the 
Protestant Canon? Ans., p. 91. What clear declaration 
does the Westminster Confession make? Ans., p. 91. 

II. Historical — 35 Minutes. 

4. Hymn. Historical Leader in charge. 

5. Historical Study. Presbyterian History. Study 
V— The Westminster Assembly ; The Westminster Stand- 
ards. Required reading: (1) Rev. Dr. P. M. Muir's Church 
of Scotland, p. 43-45 ; (2) Rev. Dr. W. H. Roberts' The Pres- 
byterian System, especially pp. 5-14, 33-38, 39-51. 

Part I. The Westminster Assembly. 

1. Have read the brief summary, clear and good, by Dr. 
Muir, see Church of Scotland, pp. 43-45. Note the date of the 
first and last regular sessions, July 1, 1643, and February 22, 
1648. Emphasize specially Dean Stanley's remark ; the only 
Scotsmen present ; other distinguished men ; the result. 

2. Several brief papers or statements should be prepared 
on the following and similar topics, for which most valuable 
aid is at hand in Rev. Dr. A. F. Mitchell's The Westminster 
Assembly (Pres. Board of Publication, Philadelphia, Pa.), to 
wit: (1) Origin and meaning of Puritanism ; (2) Its condi- 
tion and power in 1620 and 1643 ; (3) The summoning of the 
Westminster Assembly ; (4) Striking scenes ; (5) The Stand- 
ards adopted ; (6) Its Conclusion and Results. 

3. An Exercise on the Shorter Cathechism. Here may 
come in Good Thoughts about the Shorter Catechism ; Testi- 
mony as to its value, striking comment of great men, some 
of the most noteworthy answers, etc. For this all the assist- 
ance needed may be found in the Shorter Catechism 
number, November, 1897, of The Presbyterian Journal, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., price five cents. 

Part II. The Westminster Standards and The Presbyterian 
System. See Rev. Dr. W. H. Roberts' admirable little book, 
The Presbyterian System. 

1. The Controlling Idea, pp. 5, 6. 2. The Organizing 
Principle, pp 7-9. 3. The Right of Denominational Asso- 
ciation, pp. 10-13. 4. The Main Features. (1) Theology, (2) 
Duty, (3) Worship, (4) Government, pp. 11-38. These four 
items should be briefly summarized by the pastor. 5. The 
Extent of Authority, pp. 39-43. A very important chapter. 
6. The obligation involved, pp. 44-51. 

Devote a whole evening, say Wednesday, February 23, to 
these important studies, in addition to the regular work. 
Intersperse the exercise with appropriate hymns. 

6. Prayer. 

7. Hymn. 



Outline C. Program No. 10, February, 1898. 
I. Opening— 10 Minutes. 

1. Hymn. The Pastor in charge. 

2. Prayer. 

3. Doctrinal Study. Shorter Catechism. 

Ques. 57. Which is the fourth commandment? Answer 
in unison. Ex. 20 : 8-11. 

Ques. 58. What is required in the fourth commandment ? 
Let one answer. Proof? Lev. 19 : 30 ; Deut. 5 : 12. 

Ques. 59. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to 
be the weekly Sabbath ? Let a second answer. Proof? Gen. 
2 : 3 ; Ex. 16 : 23 ; Acts 20 : 7 ; 1 Cor. 16 : 1,2; Rev. 1 : 10. 

Ques. 60. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified? Let a 
third answer. Proof? Lev. 23 : 3 ; Isa. 58 : 13, 14 ; Matt. 
12 : 11, 12 ; Mark 2 : 27. 

Ques. 61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment ? 
Let a fourth answer. Proof? Ezek. 23 : 38 ; Jer. 17 : 21 ; 
Luke 23 : 56. 

Ques. 62. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth com- 
mandment ? Let a fifth answer. Proof? Ex. 31 : 15, 16 ; 
Lev. 23 : 3 ; Ex. 31 : 17 ; Gen. 2 : 3. 

27. Biblical — SO Minutes. 

4. Hymn. 

5. Biblical Study. Bible Writers and Contents. Study 
IX— 1. The Old Testament. 2. Books of The Law. 

Required reading : Rev. Dr. Rice's Our Sixty-six Sacred 
Books, pp. 92-100. Questions, pp. 151. 

1. The Name. 

2. Division, pp. 92, 93. 

3. Authorship, the general question, p. 94. 

4. Composition, pp. 95, 96. 

5. The Argument : (1) Against, p. 96. (2) For the Mosaic 
authority, pp. 97-100. 

This whole study is exceedingly important, and in view of 
the attacks of hostile critics should by no means be omitted 
or shortened. Read it all and find all the references. 

III. Missionary— 30 Minutes. 

6. Hymn. Missionary Leader in charge. 

7. Missionary Study. Modern Missionary Heroes. 
Study VIII— Home Missionary Heroes. 

Required reading. The Church at Home and Abroad, 
February, 1898, pages 168, 169. 

The leader should consult the sources of information there 
mentioned, and select such heroes as are desirable for this 
meeting. Assign one name to each of three or four persons. 
Ask each one, after careful study of the sketch, to present, 
either orally or in writing, a condensed summary of it. The 
following are suggested : Worcester, Williamson, Whitman, 
Spalding, Mills. 

Do not fail to take up the life of Whitman, if it has not been 
recently done in your society. A copy of the picture of the 
Whitman statue on heavy paper will be sent to any one of 
our readers who will enclose a two-cent stamp. Address 
Editorial Department, The Church at Home and Abroad, 
402 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 

Study IX— The Boards of the Presbyterian Church. 

Required reading. The Church at Home and Abroad, 
February, 1898, page 169 ; also the pages in this number 
devoted to the work of each Board. Last month's sugges- 
tion is repeated : Divide the society into eight groups, each 
of which shall prepare a condensed, attractive report of the 
purpose and work of each Board. Make enlarged copies of the 
seals on the cover of this magazine (see article in August, 
1897), and explain the symbolism. 



166 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 



[February, 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 
Berkeley, Cal. 

First. — The Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip 
has taken up a course of Bible study, using 
Torrey's "How to Bring Men to Christ" as a text- 
book, along with the Bible. At each meeting 
a portion of the time is occupied with a discussion 
of the points in the text-book. 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Calvary — At the December monthly concert of 
prayer for missions, which was in charge of the 
Christian Endeavor society, a returned missionary 
gave an address on Sun Worshipers, explaining 
the origin of this strange religion. Of the eight 
new elders and deacons recently elected, five are 
active members of the Christian Endeavor Society. 

Chicago, III. 

Forty-first Street. — "Power for Service," was the 
subject of an inspiring sermon by Secretary E. C. 
Ray, D.D., addressed to the young people of this 
church Sunday evening, January 2, and intended 
to quicken the purposes of the New Year. 

Crawford, Iowa. 

It has been encouraging to watch the developmen 
of some of the talent in our church. This has been 
brought about by special monthly meetings to study 
the important topics of the day, as the Mormon 
question, the Freedmen and temperance. We are 
introducing the " Moody library " and other litera- 
ture of this sort. — J. B. V. 

Marshalltown, Iowa. 

In its effort to cultivate the spirit and grace of 
giving, the Christian Endeavor society has adopted 
the plan of systematic weekly offerings. 

Detroit, Mich. 

Fort Street. — A recent missionary meeting of the 
Westminster League was addressed by Mrs. D. M. 
Cooper who spoke on the Mountain Whites of the 
South. 
ninneapolis, Hinn. 

Westminster. — The friends of the Young Ladies' 
Missionary Society were both entertained and in- 
structed recently with "An Evening in India." 

Guttenberg, N. J. 

The Christian Endeavor society shows a steady 
increase in its membership, while the deepening 
spiritual power of its meetings has during the year 
been a marked feature. A gift to the pastor at the 
Christmas festival was accompanied with warm ex- 
pressions of regard for his faithful and helpful 
services to the young people. This is reported in 
the New York\Observer. 



Camden, N. J. 

Calvary. — The members of the Christian En- 
deavor society promise to commit to memory each 
week two questions from the Shorter Catechism. 
This study is now a regular feature of the meetings. 
Orange, N. J. 

Central. — Two young medical missionaries, 
Frances T. Cattell, M.D., and Mary A. Ayre, M.D. , 
are provided for through the liberality of Mr. 
Nathaniel Tooker, of Central Church. He builds 
a hospital and a house for them at Soo Chow, 
China, in memory of his deceased wife, and is to 
support them in their missionary work. 

Westfield, N. J. 

The Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor recently celebrated its eighth anniversary 
and is justly called the banner young people's so- 
ciety of Elizabeth Presbytery. 

The pastor, Rev. N. W. Cadwell, believes in the 
practical training of young people and hence dis- 
tributes those best fitted for certain fields of Chris- 
tian work as follows : 

1. Substitute and regular teachers in the home Sunday- 
school. 

2. Officers and teachers in three outside schools. 

3. Helpers for an Italian mission. 

4. Fresh-air camp work three months in summer. 

5. A training class for Bible study in winter. 

6. A missionary club, monthly, for the study of missions. 
This is held directly after the prayer meeting, when papers 
are read, the latest maps used, etc. Most of the people 
remain. 

Oswego, N. Y. 

Grace. — As a result of the earnest work of the 
Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip, twenty persons 
have been brought into the church. 

Watkins, N. Y. 

The Society of Christian Endeavor is systematic- 
ally collecting the pledges of its members for the 
missionary work. Result, greatly increased col- 
lections. A thriving Junior society has just been 
organized which is growing in numbers and interest 
week by week. 
Yonkers, N. Y. 

Westminster. — The Senior Christian Endeavor 
society has placed framed pen-and-ink announce- 
ments of the church services in three leading 
hotels of Yonkers. 

The Reaping Circle of King's Daughters made 
some families happy on Thanksgiving day through 
their generosity. 
Portland, Oreg. 

Our Sunday-school, in which there are many 
children of German-speaking people, is conducted 
entirely by young people. None of the officers and 
teachers^are.overjtwenty years of age. — A. JR. 



1898.] 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAV0RER8. 



167 



Ardmore, Pa. 

Just before the summer vacation each member 
of the Wadsworth Mission Band received five 
cents as talent money, and when meetings were re- 
sumed in the fall reports were given. One boy- 
made lemonade and sold it during the warm days. 
Another, who spent the summer in the mountains, 
gathered balsam in the woods, made pillows and 
sold them. 

Honey Brook, Pa. 

A large number of scrapbooks sent on Christ- 
mas to the children's ward of the Presbyterian 
Hospital in Philadelphia, and a stained-glass 
window placed in the church, are among the 
commendable endeavors of the Honey Brook 
Juniors. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Atonement. — The missionary committee of the 
Endeavor society consists of members who really 
believe in missions, and who hence work not 
merely from a sense of duty but because they love 
the work. This committee has started a library 
with a few select books on missions, and dis- 
tributed leaflets on giving. The missionary meet- 
ings, sometimes addressed by a student volunteer 
or a returned missionary, have been among the 
best meetings held by the society. 

Evangel. — In the Christian Endeavor society the 
Sabbath-school committee has change of the ab- 
sentees in the school. They are visited from time 
to time, and the cause of absence is ascertained 
and recorded. Attention is also given to the 
securing of new scholars. This work has been 
carried on for five years. There are about ten 
members on the committee, and the number of visits 
is between 9000 and 10,000 annually.— M. J. H. 

First Kensington. — The Endeavor society has a 
missionary library of thirty volumes. A few 
members met last year to study India, and this 
winter a larger number is engaged in a similar 
line of study. No entertainments are given to 
raise missionary money, but the attempt is made to 
educate the young people to systematic and pro- 
portionate giving. 

Hope. — A library for the use of the young people 
of the church is maintained by the Brotherhood of 
Andrew and Philip. 

Hollond Memorial. — The Christian Endeavor so- 
ciety, instead of printing the usual topic card, pur- 
chased a few hundred copies of the " Presbyterian 
Handbook " ($1.50 per hundred), and inserted be- 
tween the cover and title-page eight pages relating 
to the society. These pages gave names of officers, 
committees, and leaders for 1898, as well as other 



important local matter. This little booklet of 80 
pages is presented to the members of the young 
people's societies and to those of the congregation 
who attend the Friday evening meeting, in the 
hope that frequent reference to it will result in 
more familiarity with the history, statistics, and 
benevolent work of the Presbyterian Church. 

Olivet. — Bible Class S, consisting of twenty 
members, gave a Christmas dinner to two hundred 
boys and girls, and sent out fifty baskets to the 
homes of the needy. 

Temple. — Unlike the usual custom, the mission- 
ary meeting of our Y. P. S. C. E. is the one most 
largely attended, and where there seems to be most 
interest. We have special objects on home and 
foreign fields, and though only numbering forty 
members, gave last year $125 to these causes. 

One of our number has now given to each active 
member of the society a copy of the " Year-book of 
Prayer for Foreign Missions," that interest may be 
still greater and that members may offer specific 
prayer each day in their own closets for the spread 
of the gospel. 

Our Bible class of young men, independent of 
their weekly gift to the main school and its mis- 
sionary work, are supporting an itinerant in Persia 
at $75 a year. The chairman of the missionary 
committee of the class is so full of zeal for the 
cause that almost every week some notice is given, 
and no new member is allowed to enter the class 
without at least having presented to him the op- 
portunity to have a share in the good work of send- 
ing the gospel to a foreign field. — F. E. W. 

Tenth. — The Christian Endeavor society, with 
eighty-five active, eight associate and seven af- 
filiated members, is deeply interested in home 
and foreign missions. Last year the society con- 
tributed $189 through the Presbyterian Boards. 
Missionary meetings are held every two months. 
Last winter a class met every month to study 
missionary subjects. 

Woodland. — The Board of Editors of the Boys' 
Mission Band meets once a month to make a 
picture magazine, by cutting out pictures and put- 
ting them in a book made of drawing paper. 
This magazine is used at the meeting of the Band 
and afterwards taken to the children's ward of 
some hospital. 

York, Pa. 

First. — Some of the young people are known 
as " Lord's Day Defenders." The purpose of 
the organization is to use the influence of the 
Juniors in keeping the Lord's day holy, and 
to bring other boys and girls to the Junior meetings. 



168 



HOME MISSIONARY HEROES. 



[February, 



HOME MISSIONARY HEROES. 

[For the Christian Training Course. See Program No. 10, Study VIII, p. 165.] 



In his address at the meeting of the Mohonk 
Conference last October, Bishop Whipple spoke as 
follows : "The State of Georgia passed a law for- 
bidding the missionaries to teach the Cherokees to 
read the gospel of Jesus Christ, and Worcester 
wrote to Dr. Evarts (the father of William M. 
Evarts, the Secretary of State), who was the Sec- 
retary of the American Board, and asked, ' What 
shall I do?' 'Do your duty in the fear of God,' 
said Mr. Evarts, 'and then suffer any conse- 
quences.' He was tried, and went to prison. The 

case was carried 
to the Supreme 
Court, and Chief 
Justice Marshall 
decided the law 
to be unconsti- 
tutional ; b u t , 
unfortunat e 1 y , 
the S u p r e m e 
Court cannot car- 
ry out its decis- 
ions, and Gen- 
eral Jackson re- 
fused to execute 
the law, and 
Worcester was 
imprisoned." 

A portrait of 

D r . Worcester 

may be found on 

page 144 of this magazine, and a sketch of his life 

in the number for September, 1895. 

Each issue of the Church at Home and 
Abroad for 1895, except December, contains a 
biographical sketch of a Presbyterian missionary 
hero. One of them was Thomas S. Williamson, 
M.D., who laid the foundations of missionary 
work among the Dakotas. Associated with him 
was Stephen R. Riggs, D.D., the story of whose 
life is told in our issue for January, 1896. The 
work so well begun by these two heroic men is 
carried on by their sons, for whose portraits, ap- 
pearing on this page, we are indebted to the au- 
thor of "The Conquest of the Sioux," mentioned 
in the Book Notices, on another page. Two 
books by Dr. Riggs, "The Gospel Among the 
Dakotas," and "Mary and I; or, Forty Years 
Among the Sioux," may be consulted with profit. 

Two sketches of the life of Marcus Whitman, by 
different writers, appeared in this magazine during 
1896, in March and November. Two heroes of the 
same period and locality were Samuel Parker and 




John P. Williamson, D.D. 



Henry H. SpaldiDg. For the life of the former 
consult the pages of this magazine for March, 
1895. A sketch of Mr. and Mrs. Spalding ap- 
pears in the issue for August, 1897. 

Other sketches of home missionary heroes have 
appeared in this magazine as follows : James Kem- 
per, May, 1896 ; David C. Lyon, June, 1896 ; 
Enoch Kingsbury, September, 1896 ; Samuel J. 
Mills, July, 1897. 

Only brief suggestions can be given here for the 
study of this subject, with reference to the abun- 
dant material found in previous issues of The 
Church at Home and Abroad. 

Read in the January number, 1898, page 49, the 
thrilling experience of a missionary, located one 
hundred and seventy-five miles from a physician, 
who went to secure medical service for his family, 
sailing alone in a sloop that should have had a cap- 
tain, first-mate, two good deck hands, cabin boy 
and cook. 

See, also, on page 82 of that number, the story 
of the missionary who walked his circuit, eighty 
miles long, be- 
cause too poor to 
buy a horse, who, 
after such a 
walk, came into 
town with shoes 
gone and trous- 
ers worn away 
to his knees by 
traveling 
through the 
rough prairie 
grass. 

A home mis- 
sionary wrote : 
1 ' I have been 
compelled to sac- 
rifice my watch, 

a fine one and a Kev - Alfred L. Riggs. 

keepsake, in or- 
der to provide necessities, because my people can- 
not get money to pay their part of the salary." 

Of an American woman, who worked alone in 
New Mexico for eight years, only Indians about 
her, never an opportunity to exchange a word of 
sympathy or helpfulness with those of her own 
position in life, it was said: "Her absolute soul- 
hunger for the society of her equals could hardly 
be conceived." 

The following have been mentioned as some of 
the hardships of the home missionary in the far 




1898.] 



BOARDS OF THE CHURCH. 



169 




Kev. Henry H. SpaldiDg. 

West : Lack of companionship and ministerial as- 
sociations ; inability to attend annual meetings ; 
lack of literary helps, and of higher educational 
advantages for his children ; lack of public senti- 
ment in favor of Christianity. 



THE BOARDS OF THE PRESBYTERIAN 
CHURCH. 

[For the Christian Training Course. See Program No. 10, 
Study IX, page 165.] 

Material for the study of the topic may be found 
in previous issues of this magazine as follows : 
July, 1894, page 69 ; June, 1896, page 520 ; March, 
1897, pages 177-192 ; June, 1897, pages 405-420. 

1 ( The Board of Foreign Missions is not a plank 
laid across the Pacific so that missionaries can go 
to Japan without being sea-sick ; the Board of 
Education is not a blackboard to write arithmetic 
examples on." Compare a School Board, a Board 
of Health or the committees of a young people's 
society. The work of the Church, which must go 
on between the meetings of General Assembly, is 
committed to eight Boards. They are the organs 
of the Presbyterian body, to whose health and 
prosperity they are essential. They are the 
Church's established agencies for promoting its 
own enlargement, vital to its well-being and 
growth. They make up a compact system, form a 
perfect octave — each is an integral, indispensable 
part. 

Readers of this magazine have in the past been 
urged to unify our Church's whole work at home 
and abroad, and rightly conceive of her eight ad- 
mirably constructed Boards as only so many agen- 
cies, working in harmony for the fulfillment of her 
divinely appointed mission. 



Dr. J. H. Edwards, in Evangelist, attempts "to 
bring the Boards and their necessary constituency 
in the churches nearer each other in sympathy, 
mutual confidence and personal interest and devo- 
tion." The following is a summary of his excel- 
lent article : 

The cooperative work of the Church as con- 
ducted by its executive Boards is hampered by 
ignorance, indifference and prejudice. 

The Boards are the established mediums by 
which church members reach out with their Chris- 
tian beneficence into the whole world. 

A Board is so named simply because its mem- 
bers sit around a table when transacting the busi- 
ness entrusted to them. 

Civilization in its progress is marked bv the use 
of boards and Boards. In the preferable region 
between tyranny and anarchy, where most men de- 
sire to live, are found the various Boards, legisla- 
tive, judicial, administrative, ecclesiastical, indus- 
trial, financial, commercial, social, artistic, lit- 
erary, benevolent, protective, which carry on civ- 
ilized society. 

The Boards of the Church are permanent, con- 
tinuous committees of sagacious, experienced, de- 
voted men. 

They are the heart and brain of the Church, the 
express agencies through which the Christian 
Church does its aggressive and conserving work 
outside of parish limits. They are working mem- 
bers of the Body of Christ rather than mere tools 
which may be used or not, and thrown aside at 
will. They are simply the Church itself doing on 
a large scale and in all lands the very same work 
which is incumbent on every local church within 
its own parochial bounds. 

The constitution, relations and methods of the 
eight Boards are too little known. Their actual 
work, its difficulties and its manifold results of 
blessing, attract popular attention only when of 
striking magnitude. 

Every least contributor and humblest worker 
needs to see Christ's hand and hear his voice in 
the work and appeal of the organized agencies of 
the Church. 

Each Board is a living, human organism, and 
not a mere machine. Its members and those of 
the executive staff, the secretaries and clerks, are 
entirely human and sensitively personal, disciples 
of the same Master with their brethren in the 
churches, and serving him to the best of their 
ability with earnest desire for the success of his 
cause. They are our brothers detailed to do cer- 
tain work which we cannot do, and needing our 
unfailing sympathy and constant support. 



170 



QUESTIONS. 



[February, 



QUESTIONS FOR THE FEBRUARY MISSIONARY MEETING. 

[Answers may be found in the preceding pages.] 



MORK AT HOME. 

1. Tell how a mission band helped to pay the 
debt of the Home Board. Page 142. 

2. What unique scheme for paying the debt is 
suggested by a home missionary? Page 144. 

3. How does the historian, Mr. Bancroft, testify 
to the value of the work of our Woman's Board of 
Home Missions ? Page 142. 

4. Tell something of the life of the Sioux In- 
dian pastor who writes : "I shake hand with you 
all with my heart." Page 143. 

5. Give an outline of the history of the Moun- 
tain Whites. Page 147. 

6. What is the policy of the Board of Home 
Missions with reference to its Indian work ? Page 
148. 

7. Give a summary of the work accomplished by 
the Indian Training School at Carlisle, Pa. Page 
149. 

8. What is the government doing to better the 
condition of the Indian ? Page 150. 

9. Tell something of the Stick Indians in 
Alaska. Page 152. 

10. Give an example of true manliness of char- 
acter in the students of Henry Kendall College. 
Page 153. 

11. What report has come from our Klondike 
missionaries? Page 99. 

12. Repeat the story of one of " Uncle Tom's 
Sons." Page 158. 

13. What is the probable reason for the appa- 
rent indifference to the work of the Freedmen's 
Board? Pages 108, 109. 

14. What is the purpose of the College B«ard ? 
Pages 129, 130. 

15. How does Mrs. Palmer state some of the 
benefits of college training? Page 131. 

16. How may the young people aid in that part 
of the work committed to the Board of Church 
Erection ? Page 132. 

17. What application is made of Carlyle's story 
of Sartor Resartus ? Pages 133-135. 

18. Why should the sympathies of Presbyterian 
young people be stroDgly drawn to our Sabbath- 
school missionary work ? Pages 139-141. 



19. Describe the plan adopted by one of our 
churches for cultivating the grace of liberality. 
Pages 126-128. 

WORK ABROAD. 

20. What is the purpose of missionary societies ? 
Page 157. 

21. What proportion of the annual cost of for- 
eign missions is contributed by churches in the 
United States? Page 97. 

22. How has the American Bible Society coop- 
erated ? Page 97. 

23. State some facts showing the vastness of the 
field and the distribution of the missionary force. 
Pages 123, 124. 

24. Name some of the chief barriers to the 
truth. Pages 124-126. 

25. How are the needs of the unbelieving 
world set forth ? Pages 121-123. 

26. What reason is given by a tribe of Indians 
in Brazil for eating the dead bodies of their 
friends? Page 119. 

27. Name a striking difference between apostolic 
and modern missions. Page 115. 

28. What is said of evangelistic missions ? 
Pages 103-106. 

29. How have the natives of Korea and Man- 
churia expressed their desire for Christian teach- 
ers? Pages 172, 173, 174. 

30. What appeal has been made in behalf of the 
" blind leaders" of China ? Page 97. 

31. Describe a funeral in China. Pages 106- 
108. 

32. Relate the story of the Chinaman, Lee 
Chack Hoa. Page 159. 

33. What was accomplished by Carey's Bengali 
Bible without the living teacher? Page 174. 

34. Repeat the story of Neesima. Page 174. 

35. Give examples of preaching the gospel by 
proxy, and of substitutes for service. Page 111. 

36. How was "honey money" used to tell the 
gospel story ? Page 158. 

37. Tell of a bishop's daughter who would not 
be deprived of the joy of giving. Page 158. 



Gleanings At Home and Abroad 



— In China the only schools for girls are those 
founded by Christian missionaries. 

— Rev. Dhanjibhai Nouroji, of Bombay, a con- 
vert from Parsiism, has completed a half century 
of active service in the Christian ministry. 



— The Basle Missionary Society reports 33,840 
communicants in its four missions. These are the 
Gold Coast and the Cameroons in Africa ; the 
Hakka country in southern China ; Malabar and 
the Kanara land in southern India. 



1898.] 



GLEANINGS AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



171 



— In Wuchang, China, ten thousand packages of 
Christian books were recently distributed to the 
students as they were leaving the examination halls. 

— A missionary in Madagascar has learned the 
value of needlework classes in providing oppor- 
tunities for sympathetic chat with the native 
women. 

— A whole Christ for my salvation, a whole 
Bible for my staff, a whole Church for my fellow- 
ship, and the whole world for my parish. — St. 

Augustine. 

— The best fitting school for missionaries is the 
regular college. We want no short cuts. The best 
education is none too good for a missionary. — The 
Independent. 

— Instead of an annual tide of sentiment, mis- 
sions were intended to be a necessity of church life ; 
not a mere addendum, but a test of loyalty to the 
risen Lord. — Regions Beyond. 

— It was largely due to the influence of the Uni- 
versities' mission that the Sultan of Zanzibar is- 
sued last year a decree for the abolition of slavery 
which set at liberty 250,000 slaves. 

— "She says she loves us," was the wondering 
exclamation of a poor forlorn woman in Africa, 
who could hardly believe it when a missionary 
spoke a kind word to her in her own language. 

— A Japanese Buddhist, who became a Chris- 
tian, said of Buddhism : "It gives rest, but it is 
the rest of stagnation, tending downward. Christ's 
rest is the rest of a living peace, lifting upwards." 

— It is said that in Morocco a common mode of 
punishment is that of burning out the culprit's eyes. 
He is thus rendered unable to earn a living and be- 
comes a burden on the public. A number of these 
poor blind men are to be seen in Tangier. 

— A Zulu chief wishes his successor to be a Chris- 
tian, though he is not himself one. So he has sent 
his two sons to the United States ' ' to learn and to 
believe," and pays the expense of their support. 
One of the boys has been in the mission school at 
Amanzimtote. 

— Bishop Thoburn believes it a fact that tens of 
thousands of poor people can be found in India to- 
day who are willing to embrace the Christian reli- 
gion if teachers can be found who, in the language 
of the inquirers themselves, can " show them how 
to be Christians." 

— In some parts of India, when the interest in 
Christian teaching is beginning to develop and the 
people feel the need of a meeting-place, a primitive 



house of worship is erected. It consists of four 
posts, with a covering of cocoanut leaves, and is 
called a "four-legged chapel." 

— A missionary from Arabia, who last autumn 
attended a German missionsfest in Illinois, ex- 
pressed thus a foreign missionary's opinion on 
domestic missions : " If I had §25, 000 I would be- 
queath it to Pleasant Prairie College, and then 
come back after some years to recruit missionaries 
there for Arabia." 

— A missionary in Uganda tells us that once con- 
verted the people are anxious to evangelize their 
fellow-countrymen, and that one out of every five 
communicants has gone to proclaim the word of 
God to the heathen. The natives are not encour- 
aged to adopt European habits, as the missionaries 
believe in the formation of a strong native church. 

— Mr. John R. Mott reports that last summer 
he met an old friend in England, just home on a 
furlough from his work in Uganda, who said : 
" Five years ago we had four hundred baptisms ; 
four years ago we had eight hundred ; three 
years ago we had sixteen hundred ; two years ago 
we had thirty-four hundred, and the past year 
nearly seven thousand." 

— A Hindu father brought his motherless 
daughter, six years old, to a mission school, and 
begged that she might be received. He had re- 
fused to give her in marriage to a man of forty who 
offered two hundred rupees for her. ' ' For years, ' ' 
said he, ' ' I have watched the two hundred Chris- 
tian girls of your school go back and forth, and I 
have never seen an unhappy face among them. I 
want my daughter to be like them." 

— The great thing in religion is devotion to a 
person who has made himself the object of love. 
The Christian faith calls out at every turn the 
highest instincts of human nature. The most re- 
markable fact connected with it is its power to im- 
plant in souls, quite destitute of "mental culture" 
apart from that which comes from meditation and 
prayer, the soundest principles of morality, and to 
establish them invincibly. — Living Church. 

— Dr. B. C. Atterbury tells us that people come 
to Paotingfu from the country around to see how 
the foreigners live, how they eat, how they dress, 
and every visit disarms some prejudice. A literary 
chancellor in the town takes much interest in the 
foreigners; and when any of his family is ill always 
consults Dr. Taylor. He also takes Dr. Taylor's 
advice on other subjects, and is ordering wooden 
floors, stoves, beef tea, quinine, books, etc., because 
Dr. Taylor approves. 



172 



READINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



[February, 



— When in 1817 Moffat started for the kraal 
of the blood-thirsty Africaner, his friends warned 
him that this savage monster would make a drum- 
skin of his hide and a drinking-cup of his skull ! 
The terrible Hottentot hunted down all who 
crossed his path with the insatiable ferocity of 
a wild beast. But Robert Moffat won this raving 
savage. The grace of God is as triumphant in 
Nomagualand as in Gadara. — Mrs. Merrill E. 
Gates. 

— In the Galata district of Constantinople, a col- 
porteur was found having in his possession the epis- 
tle to the Galatians. The authorities, thinking the 
book a seditious document addressed to the people 
of Galata, seized it, and, to make sure that it was 
not of recent incendiary origin, called for the death 
certificate of the author, Paul. The Missionary 
Herald cites this as an illustration of the degree of 
intelligence as to Christianity which prevails in 
Turkey among those who are not of the ignorant 
classes. 

— The .Rev. Julius Soper, of Tokio, believes that 
the Christian Church is waging a warfare in 
Japan equal in importance and intensity to the 



long conflict during the first three centuries of the 
Christian era. He gives in The Independent three 
signs of encouragement : 1. The temperance work 
in Japan is assuming much larger proportions. 
2. Educational work is very encouraging. 3. Many 
are coming to feel that self- protection will sooner or 
later compel the Japanese to adopt Christian ethics 
in the schools. 

— The Church is not merely an institution organ- 
ized to get souls to heaven, without thought of 
development and culture, says a writer in Woman' s 
Missionary Friend. It is a school in the broadest 
sense. It has so many lines of usefulness, so many 
avenues of educational and benevolent work, that 
it offers unrivaled advantages for promoting intelli- 
gence. A woman conversant with the various 
interests of her Church will be welcomed as a well- 
informed guest in any society where a Christian 
should be found. No line of Christian work 
carries with it so great educational value as that of 
our missionary societies. The study that leads to 
a correct conception of the fields and the workers, 
at home and in foreign lands, is in itself a liberal 
education. 



READINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



In practically all lands where the idea of popu- 
lar education is to-day taking root, the missionary 
enterprise has had much or everything to do with 
the sowing of the seed. Even in India this has 
been the case. For it does not appear that the 
government of India had thought of attempting 
the education of any native until it wished to have 
clerks and other officials for its own service. The 
establishment of the present magnificent and ever- 
extending system of education was due to the Chris- 
tian enthusiasm of men who went out from Eng- 
land to be rulers of a nobler type than their prede- 
cessors had been. They cooperated with and were 
much influenced by great missionaries, such as 
Carey and Duff and Wilson. It was out of that re- 
ligious atmosphere that, in spite of the opposition 
of the older class of officials (those representatives 
of the non-religious civilized man), the education 
of India arose. — From "Christianity and the Prog- 
ress of Man." 

Mrs. Bishop relates in ' ' Korea and Her Neigh- 
bors" that there was scarcely a day during her 
long visit in Mukden in which there were not dep- 
utations from distant villages asking for Christian 
workers, representing numerous bands of rural 
worshipers, who, having received some knowledge 
of Christianity fro m converts, colporteurs, or cate- 



chists, had renounced many idolatrous practices, 
and desired further instruction. It was most 
curious to see men coming daily from remote re- 
gions asking for some one to go and instruct them 
in the " Jesus doctrine," for "they had learned 
as much as they could without a teacher." 

The favorable reception given to Christianity is 
one of the features of Mukden. The fine pagoda 
of the Christian Church is en evidence everywhere. 
The Scotch U. P. missionaries, who have been es- 
tablished there for twenty-five years, are on friendly 
terms with the people, and specially with many of 
the mandarins and high officials, who show them 
tokens of regard publicly and privately on all oc- 
casions. Dr. Christie, the medical missionary, is 
the trusted friend as well as the medical adviser of 
many of the leading officials and their wives, who, 
with every circumstance of ceremonial pomp, 
have presented complimentary tablets to the hos- 
pital ; and altogether the relations between the 
Chinese and the missionaries are unique. I at- 
tribute these special relations with the upper classes 
partly to the fact that Dr. Ross, the senior mission- 
ary, and Dr. Christie, and those who have joined 
them subsequently, have studied Chinese custom 
and etiquette very closely, and are careful to con- 
form to both as far as is possible, while they are 



1898.] 



HEADINGS FROM RECENT BOOKS. 



173 



not only keen-sighted for the good that is in the 
Chinese, but bring the best out of them. — From 
Mrs. Bishop's " Korea and Her Neighbor" 

Mrs. Bishop writes that in Korea indifference 
is extreme, the religious faculty is absent, there are 
no religious ideas to appeal to, and the moral teach- 
ings of Confucius have little influence with any 
class. The Korean has got on so well without a 
religion, in his own opinion, that he does not want 
to be troubled with one, especially a religion of re- 
straint and sacrifice which has no worldly good to 
offer. After nearly twelve years of work, the 
number of baptized native Protestant Christians 
in 1897 was 777. Barriers of indifference, super- 
stition and inertness exist, and whatever progress 
is made will probably be chiefly through medical 



missions, showing Christianity in action, and native 
agency, and through the schools, which leave every 
feature of Korean custom, dress and manner of 
living untouched, while Christian instruction and 
training are the first objects, and where the gentle, 
loving, ennobling influence of the teacher is felt 
every hour of the day. 

Describing her visit at Phyong-yang, Korea, 
Mrs. Bishop writes that one afternoon four requests 
for Christian teaching came to the missionaries, 
each signed by from fifteen to forty men. At the 
evening meetings the room was crammed within 
and without by men, reverent and earnest in man- 
ner, some of whom had been shunned for their 
wickedness even in a city ' ' the smoke of which ' ' 
in her palmy days was said u to go up like the 




CHARLES KINGSLEY. 
From " Men I Have Known," T. Y. Crowell & Co. 



174 



WORTH READING — BOOK NOTICES. 



[February, 



smoke of Sodom," but who, transformed by a 
power outside themselves, were then leading ex- 
emplary lives. One old man, with his forehead 
in the dust, prayed like a child that, as the letter 
bearing to New York an earnest request for more 
teachers was on its way, ' ' the wind and sea might 
waft it favorably," and that when it was read the 
eyes of the foreigners (the American Presbyterian 
Board of Foreign Missions) might be opened ' ' to 
see the sore need of people in a land where no one 
knows anything, and where all believe in devils, 
and are dying in the dark. ' ' 

As I looked upon those lighted faces, wearing an 
expression strongly contrasting with the dull, dazed 
look of apathy which is characteristic of the 
Korean, it was impossible not to recognize that it 
was the teaching of the apostolic doctrine of sin, 
judgment to come, and divine love which had 
brought about such results. 

Abundant testimony comes from all the regions 
where these four hundred versions of the Scrip- 
tures are being circulated, and the testimony com- 
bines to show that it is beyond human laDguage to 
express the influence of this unique volume. The 
preaching and teaching missionaries are, in some 
lands, outstripped by this silent herald of divine 
truth. The first edition of Carey's translation of 
the New Testament into Bengali, imperfect as it 
was, was not without its self- evidencing power. 
Seventeen years after, writes Dr. George Smith, 
when the mission extended to the old capital of 
Dacca, there were found several villages of Hindu 
born peasants who had given up idol-worship, were 
renowned for their truthfulness, and, as searching 
for a true teacher come from God, called themselves 
" Satya-gooroos." They traced their new faith to 
a much-worn book kept in a wooden box in one of 
their villages. No one could say whence it had 
come ; all they knew was that they had possessed 
it for many years. It was Carey's first Bengali 
version of the New Testament. — From ' ' Christian- 
ity and the Progress of Man." 

Neesima, the far-sighted and enthusiastic founder 
of the Doshisha, the pioneer university, who did 
more for the higher education of his fellow-country- 



men than any other, was a man of remarkable Chris- 
tian experience, who throughout his educational 
labors kept in view the evangelization of his coun- 
try. He was born and brought up in a family 
where he had no opportunity to learn aught of the 
Christian religion. At about twenty years of age 
he stumbled on a book in Chinese which consisted 
of extracts from the Bible. These broken pieces 
of the story of revelation awoke him. He de- 
termined to discover more about this marvelous, 
this illuminating literature. It was during that 
dark period when Japan was closed to foreigners, 
and, Neesima seeing no hope of light except from 
foreigners, fled his country. He reached Singapore, 
and there, finding a copy of the Scriptures for sale, 
he actually, and against the whole sentiment and 
tradition of his class, sold his sword to purchase 
this book. Hearing that from America the men 
had come who knew about this book, he resolved 
to sail thither. On the voyage he read alone and 
unaided in its pages. At last those words which 
have proved themselves light and life to so many of 
the sons of men passed under his scrutiny : " God 
so loved the world that he gave his only begotten 
Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not 
perish but have everlasting life." This verse was 
his golden gate, and Neesima was one more added 
to the innumerable host who through the central 
message of this book have found a personal fellow- 
ship with the living God.— From " Christianity 
and the Progress of Man." 



WORTH READING. 

Education in Hawaii, by Henry S. Townsend, The Forum, 
January, 1898. 

America's Opportunity in Asia, by Charles Denby, Jr., 
North American Review, January, 1898. 

Maximilian's Empire, by Sara Y. Stevenson, The Century, 
January, 1898. 

Work among the Chinese Blind, by Miss C. F. Gordon- 
Cumming, The Missionary Review, February, 1898. 

The England of the Westminster Assembly, by Prof. Ethel- 
bert D. Warfield, Presbyterian and Reformed Review, Janu- 
ary, 1898. 

The Personnel of the Westminster Assembly, by John M. 
Mecklin, A.M., The Presbyterian Quarterly, January, 1898. 

The Presbyterians, by D. J. McMillan, D.D., Frank Les- 
lie 's Popular Monthly, January, 1898. 



Book Notices. 



In his address at the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of Princeton University, Ex-President 
Grover Cleveland expressed the conviction that 
the mass of our American citizenship ought to be 
improved and made a safer depository of our 
trust in the perpetuity and beneficence of a free 



government. This can be accomplished, he said, 
by adding to our citizenship more of the leaven of 
genuine, well- constructed, and well-equipped, self- 
made men. The address has been published in a 
little volume of thirty -two pages, The Self-made 
Man nsr American Life. [T. Y. Crowell & Co. , 
35 cents.] 
In his Conquest of the Sioux, Mr. S. C. Gil- 



1898.] 



BOOK NOTICES. 



175 



man gives some glimpses of the American Indians 
of to-day, and tells what two devoted missionaries 
have accomplished in their efforts to lift up one 
nation of these people. The author explains that 
the first to carry the gospel to the Sioux were two 
Presbyterian ministers, Dr. Thomas S. William- 
son and Dr. Stephen R. Riggs, and that in 1883 
the Santee Normal Training School and several 
missions were transferred to the Congregational 
Church, leaving Dr. John P. Williamson in charge 
of the Presbyterian, and Rev. A. L. Riggs in 
charge of the Congregational missions. It is a 
book for young people, containing much about 
Christian Endeavor work among the Indians. 
Those who study the home mission topic for Feb- 
ruary will find it helpful. The pictures on pages 
158, 159, as well as the portraits of Dr. William- 




THOMAS HUGHES. 
From " Men I Have Known," T. Y. Crowell & Co. 



son and Mr. Riggs on page 169, are reproduced 
from this book by kind consent of the author. 
[Carlon & Hollenbeck, Indianapolis, 75 cents.] 

Presbyterianism in Steuben and Alle- 
gheny is the title of a history of the Presbytery of 
Steuben, including that of all the other presbyte- 
ries to which the churches in Steuben and Alle- 
gheny counties have belonged ; with notices of 
ministers, elders and missionaries, and sketches of 
the churches. The author, Rev. James A. Miller, 
Ph.D., stated clerk of the presbytery, has based 
his work upon a careful study of all the records of 
the varies presbyteries, and a creditable piece of 
work it is. The list of missionaries who have gone 
out from this presbytery includes the names of 
Samuel Parker, Dr. Marcus Whitman, Narcissa 
Prentiss Whitman, Henry H. 
Spalding, Mrs. Spalding, Joseph 
L. Whiting, Albert W. Hub- 
bard, Mary W. Niles, M.D., 
and Gilbert Reid. The first 
organized church was that of 
Prattsburg, 1804. The first 
permanent settler had deter- 
mined to form a church as well 
as a town. So he required every 
person to whom he sold land 
to give a note to the amount of 
$15 on each one hundred acres 
of land purchased, payable 
within a given time to the trus- 
tees of the religious society 
which should be formed. There 
was no stove in the first house 
of worship. "Mr. Hotchkin, 
the minister, used often to 
preach with striped mittens on. 
The women used foot-stoves — 
the men endured it as best they 
could." In 1820, this church 
gave $1400 to aid in founding 
Auburn Theological Seminary. 
More than one hundred illus- 
trations, most of them portraits 
of ministers and elders, increase 
the value of the volume, which 
is an important addition to 
local Presbyterian history. By 
kind consent of the author, 
the faces of Dr. William H- 
Niles, Rev. Henry H. Spalding 
and Mary W. Niles, M.D., are 
reproduced in this issue of The 
Church at Home and 
Abroad. 



176 



Ministerial necrology. 



[February, 



The establishment of the Christian religion as a 
working force among nearly all nations is, in the 
opinion of Prof. W. Douglas Mackenzie, of Chi- 
cago Theological Seminary, one of the greatest 
facts at the close of the nineteenth century. His 
Christianity and the Progress of Man is an 
attempt to set forth the means through which 
Christian missionaries are affecting the life of the 
race. The author deals with some of the evidence 
in support of the claims of Christianity to be the 
final religion. It has manifested its extraordinary 
power, he says, of seizing those depths of human 
nature which other religions had only imperfectly 
controlled, of raising mankind and making the 
race move onward towards loftier ideals of per- 
sonal and social life. But this approximate reali- 
zation of the ideal has been made possible by the 
Christian religion only as it is able to bring men 
now into actual, conscious, personal fellowship 
with God through Jesus Christ. Prof. Mackenzie 
believes the supreme motive for missionary life 
and labor is the desire to see individuals brought 
to salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. The 
book shows evidence of a thorough acquaintance 
with the literature of missions and with the history 
of the progress of Christianity. It is another 
valuable addition to the missionary library, and is 
worthy of careful study. [F. H. Eevell Co., $1.25. J 

A book of travel from the pen of Isabella Bird 
Bishop is always welcomed by the reading public. 
A residence of two years in Korea, diversified with 
frequent excursions into neighboring States, has 
qualified this experienced observer to produce a 
most delightful book, Korea and Her Neigh- 



bors, just issued from the press of the Fleming H. 
Revell Co. Sir Walter C. Hillier, late British 
Consul General for Korea, calls attention in the 
Preface to Mrs. Bishop's exceptional facilities : 
"She has been honored by the confidence and 
friendship of the king and the late queen in a 
degree that has never before been accorded to any 
foreign traveler, and has had access to sources of 
information placed at her disposal by the foreign 
community at Seoul ; while her presence in the 
country during and subsequent to the war between 
China and Japan, of which Korea was, in the first 
instance, the sta°;e, has furnished her the opportu- 
nity of recording with accuracy and impartiality 
many details of an episode in far Eastern history, 
which have hitherto been clouded by misstate- 
ment and exaggeration." Mrs. Bishop possesses 
the rare faculty of seeing what others only look at, 
and the ability, through graphic and intelligent 
description, of sharing with her readers the de- 
lights of travel. She justifies her minute descrip- 
tion of that unique ceremonial, the Kur-dong, 
which she witnessed in Seoul, on the ground that 
it was probably the last of its kind, and that full 
details of it have not been given before. The 
story of her audience with the king and queen 
and the chapter on the assassination of the queen, 
will be read with much interest. On another page 
some passages are reproduced, in which Mrs. 
Bishop tells what she saw of misssonary work. 
The thirty illustrations are reproductions of pho- 
tographs taken by the author. There are also two 
excellent maps and an Index. The price of this 
book of 480 pages is $2. 



Ministerial Necrology. 



43* We earnestly request the families of deceased min- 
isters and the stated clerks of their presbyteries to forward 
to us promptly the facts given in these notices, and as nearly 
as possible in the form exemplified below. These notices are 
highry valued by writers of Presbyterian history, compilers 
of statistics and the intelligent readers of both. 

Forsythe, James C— Born in Allegheny county, Pa., June 
24, 1826; graduated from Washington College, Pa., 
1848 ; attended A. R. P. Seminary at Allegheny, and 
was licensed by A. R. P. Presbytery of Blairsville, 
April 8, 1851. Ordained by the Presbytery of Steuben- 
ville, and installed pastor of the church at Cadiz, O., 
October 27, 1852 ; entered with his church the union of 
1858 which formed the U. P. Church ; pastor Cadiz , 
O., 1852-58 ; Salem, N. Y., June, 1858, to May, 1870 ; 
passed into Reformed Church, and was pastor at 
Farmer Village, N. Y., 1870, to July, 1875, when he 
entered Presbyterian Church, and began labors at 
Montgomery, N. Y. 
Died December 29, 1897. 

Married Miss Persis M. Thayer, of Braintree, Mass. , 
November 15, 1857 ; she died September 22 last, and 
their three children many years ago. 



Keigwin, Ernest F.— Born at Philadelphia, 1874 ; gradu- 
ated from Princeton College, 1894. ani Princeton 
Theological Seminary, 1897 ; ordained by the Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia, 1894 ; pastor Scotts Presbyterian 
Church, corner of Broad and Castle avenue, Philadel" 
phia. 

Died October 8, at the home of his father, Wilming- 
ton, Del. 

Vincent, W. R.— Born at Canonsburgh, Pa., May 23, 1825 ; 
graduated from Jefferson College, 1849, and Theologi- 
cal Seminary, 1852 ; ordained by the Presbytery of St. 
Clairsville, June 23, 1853 ; pastor, Crabapple, O., April, 
1853, to April, 1866 ; Island Creek, 0., April, 1866, to 
August, 1874 ; Dell Roy and New Cumberland, 0., Au- 
gust, 1874, to October, 1882 ; stated supply, Bethlehem 
and Waynesburg, O., October, 1882, to January, 1886 ; 
Superior, Neb , January, 1886, to January, 1889 ; an 
evangelist from 1889-90 ; stated supply, Axtell, Kan?., 
April, 1890, to April, 1893; Alexander, Neb., April, 
1893, to April, 1897. 

Died December 17, 1897. 

Married Miss Eliza J. Smith, at Allsworth, O., Octo- 
ber 25, 1853. 



RECEIPTS. 

Synods in small capitals ; Presbyteries in italics ; Churches in .Roman. 



g^* It is of great importance to the treasurers of all the Boards that when money is sent to them, the 
name of the church from whence it comes, and of the presbytery to which the church belongs, should be 
distinctly written, and that the person sending should sign his or her name distinctly, with proper title, 
e.g., Pastor, Treasurer, Miss or Mrs., as the case may be. Careful attention to this will save much trouble 
and perhaps prevent serious mistakes. 

THE BOARD OF HOME MISSIONS. 

Comparative Statement of Keceipts for Months of December, 1896 and 1897. 




* Woman's 
Bd. of H. M. 



Legacies. Individuals, Etc. 



Total. 



1896 

1897 


1 861,073 03 

1 40,260 31 


828,459 63 
23,046 86 


8870 89 
2,117 48 


86,068 75 
5,950 20 












85,412 77 


81,246 59 






820,812 72 


8118 55 









896,472 30 
71,374 85 



825,097 45 



Comparative Statement of Keceipts for Nine Months Ending December 31, 1896 and 1897. 



*WOMAN'S 

Bd. of h. m. 



Legacies. Individuals, Etc Total. 



1896 8196,516 28 

1897 ! 123,554 94 

Gain 

Loss 872,961 34 



8135,024 86 
121,698 19 



850,707 42 
64,760 95 



842,624 87 
30,680 72 



8424,873 43 
340,694 80 



813,326 67 



814,053 53 



811,944 15 



884,178 63 



KECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF HOME MISSIONS, DECEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic— East Florida— Glenwood, 2.90. South Florida 
— Paola, 1.52 ; Titusville, 3.16 ; Winter Haven, 2. 9 58 

Baltimore.— Baltimore — Baltimore 1st Beid Memorial 
Mission, 5 ; — Brown Memorial, 236.68 : — Central, 37.60 ; — 
Park, 36.56; Chestnut Grove sab. -sen., 8; Emmittsburg, 
18.41. New Castle— Newark, 25; Ocean View, 1.25; Pitt's 
Creek, 20 ; Smyrna, 2 ; West Nottingham C.E., 10 j Wilming- 
ton Central (Y. P. S., 12.82), 123.64. Washington City— Bal- 
ston. 5; Falls Church (add'l), 5; Washington City 4th, 
29.60 ; — Assembly, 30. 593 74 

California.— Benicia— Napa, 330; St. Helena, 24. Los 
Angeles— Fullerton, 8 ; Lakeside, 3.01 ; Los Angeles Bethany 
sab.-sch., 1; Monrovia, 13.33; Orange, 26; Rivera C.E., 5 ; 
Riverside Arlington (a member), 10. Oakland— Danville, 
11.10; North Temescal, 17; Oakland Brooklyn C.E.,5; — 
Union Street C.E., 5. Sacramento — lone sab.-sch., 1 : Placer- 
ville, 5 ; Sacramento 14th Street, 15.25. San Francisco— San 
Francisco Franklin Street, 3 ; — Westminster, 20.90. San 
Jose— Hollister, 4.85 ; Santa Cruz, 10. Stockton— Stockton, 
18.90 ; Woodbridge, 6. 543 34 

Catawba.— Catawba— Concord, 5.32. Southern Virginia— 
Roanoke 5th Avenue (sab.-sch., 1), 3. 8 32 

Colorado.— .Bou/der— Berthoud, 63.20 ; Boulder (sab.-sch., 
4; C.E,2; Jr. C.E., 4), 70; Brush, 3.88; Fort Morgan (Jr. 
Band, 5), 15.96 ; Longmont, Jr. C.E., 1.25. Denver— Denver 
South Broadway sab.-sch., 7.90. Gunnison— Gunnison Tab- 
ernacle (sab.-sch., 5), 15. Pueblo— Colorado Springs 1st, 
78.81; Ignacio Immanuel, 5.08. Monte Vista, 20; Rocky 
Ford (add'l), 1. 282 08 

Illinois. — Bloomington — Rossville sab.-sch., 2.50. Cairo — 
Nashville, 3.25. Chicago— Waukegan, 18.37. Mattoon— Ash- 
more, 35. Schuyler— Camp Point Jr. C.E. (debt), 5. Spring- 
field— Jacksonville Westminster, 100. 164 12 

Indiana.— Crawford* rille— Spring Grove, 27.50. New Al- 
bany— Madison 1st (sab.-sch., 40.43), 86.68. 114 18 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Talihina., 2.50. Oklahoma 
—Stillwater (sab.-sch., 3.50), 25. Sequoyah— Clear Creek, 
1.80 ; Park Hill, 14.28 ; Tahlequah, 31.70. 75 28 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids— Bethel, 9.65 ; Blairstown (sab.-sch. 



Thanksgiving offering, 2.95 ; C.E., 2.70 ; Young Ladies' Soc, 
5.31), 10.96 ; Cedar Rapids 4th C.E., 2.50 ; Centre Junction 
C.E., 1; Clarence C.E., 3.75; Clinton, 76 64; Linn Grove, 
10; Lyons C.E., 2.50; Mechanicsville, 5; Monticello (C.E., 
60 cts.; sab.-sch., 2), 6.60 ; Mount Vernon, 15 ; Onslow (C.E., 
1.25), 17; Scotch Grove (Kings Daughters, 2.90: C.E., 95 
cts.), 3.85; Shellsburg C.E., 1.50. Corning— Corning, 2.35: 
Diagonal, 10; Malvern, 64.57: Sharpsburg, 8.20. Council 
Bluffs— Adair, 4.31; Atlantic C.E., 3.50; Casey C.E., 1.50; 
Council Bluffs 1st Young People, 2.25 ; Hardin Township, 
5.50; Logan C.E., 1.25. Des Moines— Adel (Jr. King's Sons 
and Daughters, 50 cts.), 11.60; Colfax, 12; Davis City, 5; 
Derby ch. and sab.-sch., 8 ; Des Moines Clifton Heights, 8 ; 
Leon, 26.25; LeRoy, 5; Ridgedale, 8.30; Winterset, 110.17. 
Dubuque— Dubuque 1st (C.E., 1.50), 28.50 ; —2d, 100 ; Far- 
ley, 12 ; Hopkinton, 54.84; Lansing 1st, 20; McGregor, 9; 
Manchester, 26.35 ; Pine Creek. 14.50; Prairieburg, 7 ; Volga, 
7; Wilson's Grove, 6.25; Zion C.E. , J 5. Fort Dodge— Coon 
Rapids, 5 ; Estherville, 25 ; Glidden, 18.11 ; Manning, 3.50 ; 
Rippey, 2.60. Jou'a-^Burlington 1st, 25.66; Middletown (a 
class of girls in sab.-sch.), 11.04 ; West Point, 16. Iowa City 
—Iowa City, 33. Sioux City— Alta C.E., 2.57; Battle Creek 
C.E. (debt), 2.50; Cherokee C.E., 1.07 ; Highland, 11.25; Le 
Mars, 22.26 ; Lyon county German, 8.26 : Manilla, 18 ; Ode- 
bolt (Jr. C.E., 2.75 ; a member, 25 cts.), 37.10 ; Paullina. 14 ; 
Union Township, 13.80. Waterloo — Ackley sab.-sch., 15.34; 
Marshalltown, 56 ; Morrison, 6.25 ; State Centre, 20.36 ; Wa- 
terloo, 38.27 ; Williams, 8.65. 1169 73 
Kansas.— Emporia— ButUh game, 24.60 ; Cottonwood Falls, 
7.20; Council Grove, 39.50; Emporia 1st, 91.80; Lyndon, 
14.68; Newton, 50; Osage City, 5.01; Reece, 10; Winfield, 
56. Highland — Vermillion, 4.65 ; Washington (sab.-sch., 5), 
23. Larned — Hutchinson, 32.58; Medicine Lodge, 5.60; 
Ness Citv, 1.12; Salem German, 34. Neosho — Paolo (Jr. C. 
E., 6), 12.32 ; Princeton, 8.05. Osborne— Calvert, 7.20 ; Colby, 
15 ; Covert, 2 ; Hill Citv, 4.45 ; Kill Creek, 5 ; Lone Star, 
2.15; Long Island, 7.30; Moreland, 2.40; Norton, 15.70; 
Rose Valley, 3 ; Smith Centre (debt), 15. Solomon — Belle- 
ville, 1.50 ; Clyde, 21 ; Miltonvale, 12; Salina sab.-sch., 22; 



♦Under these headings are included the gifts of Sabbath-schools and Young People's Societies. 



177 



178 



HOME MISSIONS. 



[February, 



Scandia, 96 cts.: Scotch Plains, 1.50; Sylvan Grove, 3; 
Webber, 6.65. Topeka— Auburn, 25; Clay Centre, 27.05; 
Kansas City Western Highlands, 18.90 ; Topeka 1st, 141.70 ; 

— 3d, 6.50. 787 07 
Kentucky.— Ebenezer—FikeTiUe, 1.60. LouisvUte— Louis- 
ville Alliance, 1.52. 3 12 

Michigan.— Detroit— Detroit 1st, 368.96 : —Covenant, 3.29 ; 

— Jefferson Avenue, 290.74; Pontiac (add'l), 2 ; White Lake 
sab.-sch., 5.69 ; Ypsilanti, 13. Flint— Amadore Calvary, 2 50 ; 
Marlette 2d, 3.95. Grand Rapids— Grand Rapids 1st sab.- 
sch., 7.67. Kalamazoo— Benton Harbor, 23.25 ; Miles. 54.52. 
Lake Superior— Mt. Zion, 1.92 ; Pine Rest, 1.08 ; Riverside 
Station, 1.03. Lansing— Battle Creek (C.E., 12), 62 ; Brook- 
lyn (Mrs. J. A. Porter's sab.-sch. class, 5), 38.09; Eckford, 
10.25; Homer, 28.26; Jackson, 20; Mason, 26; Parma, 10. 
Monroe— Erie (Pansy Band, 1), 16 ; Hillsdale, 3; Jonesville, 
15; Monroe, 8; Tecumseh C.E., 10. Petoskey— Yuba, §2.93. 
Saginaw— Bay City 1st, 53. 1082 13 

Minnesota.— Dululh—Duluth 1st, 41.39 ; Grand Rapids, 
4.30 ; Hinckley, 2 ; Pine City, 3. Mankato— Amboy C.E., 5 ; 
Amiret, 4 ; Balaton, 2.26 ; Easter, 4 ; Kasota, 3 ; Mankato 
1st, 19.44; Pilot Grove, 5.50 ; St. Peter's Union, 25; Tracy, 
48 ; Windom, 23 ; Worthington Westminster, 25. Minneap- 
olis — Minneapolis Andrew, 35.45; — Bethlehem, 26; — 
Franklin Avenue, 5.41 ; — Oliver (sab.-sch., 4.16), 15.16; — 
Westminster, 50 ; Oak Grove, 17.33. Red River— Bethel, 10 ; 
Crookston Jr. C.E. (debt), 1.10. St. Cloud— Litchfield, 8.05. 
St. Paul— Merriam Park, 20.63 ; White Bear (sab.-sch., 1.03 ; 
C.E., 2.75), 13. Winona— Alden, 7 ; Rochester, 26.53 ; Win- 
ona 1st, 27.65. 478 20 

Missouri.— Kansas City— High Point, 3.10 ; Holden, 10.80 ; 
Raymore, 59.65 ; Sedalia Central (sab.-sch., 10.10), 47.40. 
Ozark — Ash Grove, 2.45 ; Ebenezer sab.-sch , 1.32 ; Salem, 1. 
Palmyra— Ed ina, 10 ; Glasgow, 6 ; Grantsville, 2.90 ; Hanni- 
bal. 25. Platte— Avalon Birthday Mission Box, 7.12; Fairfax, 
23.36 ; Lathrop, 11.37 ; Savannah, 8.15 ; St. Joseph 3d Street, 
12. St. Louis — Kirkwood sab.-sch., 7.24 ; St. Louis 1st sab.- 
sch., 9.40; — Cote Brilliante C.E.,9.50; —Lafayette Park, 
76.48; — West, 68 ; Zion Mrs. Kuhfuss, 1. 403 24 

Montana.— Helena— Helena Central, 8.25. 8 25 

Nebraska.— Box Butte — Emmanuel, 8.52; The Valley 
sab.-sch., 60 cts. Hastings— Edgar (C.E. , 1.58), 19.95 ; Giltner 
(add'l), 1 ; Ong, 5.08 ; Rosemont German, 5. Nebraska City 
—Auburn, 7.84 ; Beatrice 1st, 33 ; Hopewell, 2.30 ; Hubbell, 
7.76; Pawnee, 88.91 ; Sterling, 8.55; Table Rock, 6.88; Te- 
cumseh, 27.30. Omaha— Belle Centre, 1 ; Bellevue, 20 ; Cer- 
esco, 14 ; Columbus, 6 ; Craig, 1.96 ; Creston, 4.50 ; Florence, 
3 ; La Platte, 2.50 ; Omaha Ambler Place, 1 ; — Knox (sab.- 
sch., 2.12), 9.12; — Lowe Avenue (sab.-sch. Thanksgiving 
offering, 2.90), 15.35; Papillion, 2.50; South Omaha, 30; 
Valley, 1.75 ; Wahoo, 2.35. 337 72 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— CranioTa" sab.-sch., 13.50 ; Eliza- 
beth Westminster, 271.34; Lamington, 70: Perth Amboy 
(debt), 41.85; Plainfield Crescent Avenue, 1357.46 ; Spring- 
field, 18 ; Westfield (C.E., 15 : sab.-sch., 25), 40. Jersey City 
-Jersey City Westminster C.E., 12 ; Rutherford, 20. Mon- 
mouth — Atlantic Highlands, 3.28; Calvary, 61.65 ; Columbus, 
11 ; Freehold, 20.42 ; Manalapan, 7.23; Mount Holly, 103.63 ; 
Oceanic, 12. Morris and Orange — Boonton, 117.85 ; Chatham 
(< rift of a FrieDd, 10), 143.48; East Orange 1st, 360.77; — 
Arlington Avenue, 5 ; — Bethel, 77.70 ; Madison, 38 66 ; 
Morristown 1st Children's Miss. Soc, 190; — South Street 
(add'l), 5; New Vernon, 68.65; Orange Hillside sab.-sch., 
100 ; St. Cloud, 20.69; Succasunna (L. M. S. debt, 13), 25.87. 
Newark— Arlington, 11.95; Bloomfield 1st (debt), 20; — 
Westminster (Jr. Mission Band debt, 15), 1391.32 ; Montclair 
1st (Aid, 35), 45 ; Newark 1st, 685.41 ; — 6th, 58.55 ; — Cal- 
vary sab.-sch., 5; — Park, 24.60; — South Park sab.-sch., 
42.14. New Brunswick — Frenchtown, 15.50; Holland, 10; 
Lawrence Rosedale sab.-sch., 4.64: New Brunswick 1st, 
153.10 ; Trenton 1st, 78.60 ; — 4th, 93.65 ; Prospect Street, 78 ; 
Newton— Marksboro, 25; Newton, 130; Oxford 1st, 30.76; 
Phillipsburg Westminster, 19.25. West Jersey— Blackwood, 
32 ; Bridgeton 2d, 25 ; Cape May, 18.68 ; Pittsgrove, 26 ; 
Wenonah, 38. 6279 18 

New Mexico. — Santa Fe— Embudo, 1.15; Las Vegas 1st, 
77.70; Rinconnes, 1.05; Taos, 1.52. 81 42 

New York — Albany— Albany 1st (sab.-sch. class No. 8, 2), 
359; —State Street, 125.42; Charlton, 35.55; Corinth, 1.33; 
Greenbush, 27.80. Binghamton — Apalachin, 7 ; Binghamton 
1st (members of the C.E.), 12; — Broad Avenue. 1.50; — 
North, 13 ; — Ross Memorial, 5 ; Deposit C.E., 5 ; Whitney's 
Point Cent a Day Band, 7 ; Binghamton Churches C.E. Rally, 
9.54. .Boston— Barre, 5 ; Boston Scotch, 17. Brooklyn— Brook- 
lyn Classon Avenue, 809 ; — Duryea, 102 ; — Greene Avenue 
(sab.-sch., 25), 55; — Lafayette Avenue (sab.-sch. Mission'y 
Assoc, 100 ; Monthly Concert, 12.80), 112.80 ; — Throop Ave- 
nue, 52. Buffalo— Buffalo Covenant, 15.50 ; — North, 70.46 ; 
Sherman, 35 ; Silver Creek, 4.68 ; S. A. Caldwell, 10. Cayuga— 
Auburn Hope Chapel C.E. , 85 cts.; Ithaca (sab.-sch., 37.99 ; 
C.E., 7.75), 951.83; Sennett, 7 ; Springport (C.E., 1.15), 10.95. 
Champlain— Malone, 60.96 ; Plattsburg 1st, 147.43. Chemung 
— Breesport, 8 ; Elmira Franklin Street, 8.12; Hector, 3.35 ; 



Horse Heads, 12 ; Rock Stream, 5 ; Sullivanville, 1. Colum- 
bia— Austerlitz, 2 ; Catskill, 203.57 ; Spencertown, 3; Wind- 
ham, 50. Genesee— Bethany Centre C.E., 1 ; Corfu, 10 ; Le- 
roy (sab.-sch., 17.33), 52.83; North Bergen (C.E.,4; sab.- 
sch., 2.60), 11.60 ; Wyoming (C.E., 5), 10.53. Geneva— Can- 
andaigua, 25.02 ; Naples sao.-sch., 10; Ovid, 51.15. Hudson 
—Amity, 10 ; Hamptonburg, 6 ; Hopewell, 26.80 ; Montgom- 
ery, 77 ; West Town, 20. Long Island — Bridgehampton, 
18.77 ; East Hampton, 30 ; Shelter Island, 25 ; West Hamp- 
ton C.E., 4. Lyons— Galen C.E. (for debt), 5 ; Newark sab.- 
sch., 4.25; Sodus, 27.20; Wolcott 1st, 9.12. Nassau— Free- 
port, 23 ; Jamaica, 6. New York — New York 1st Union, 
54.35; —5th Avenue, 7200.20; —Adams Memorial (C.E., 
15; Jr. C.E., 10), 25; —Central sab.-sch., 25; —Harlem 
(sab.-sch., 8.80), 15.02; — Hope Chapel (sab.-sch., 25; C.E., 
2), 27 ; —Lenox C.E., 13.55 ; — Morrisania 1st C.E., 4.36 ; — 
Rutgers Riverside sab.-sch., 65; —Scotch, 458.23; — Tre- 
mont, 18. Niagara — Lyndonville, 32. North River — Corn- 
wall, 6.14; Highland Falls, 10.02; Hughsonville (sab.- 
sch., 2), 20; New Hamburg, 305; Pine Plains (C. E., 7), 
22; Poughkeepsie, 443.19; Wappinger's Falls, 6.68. Otsego 
— Margaretville, 13.70; Middlefield. 3.75; Unadilla, 10.50. 
Rochester— Geneseo Village, 214.68 ; Rochester Brick, 308.50 ; 
— Emmanuel, 3.38 ; Sparta 2d, 7.78 ; Tuscarora, 6. St. Law- 
rence — Canton, 40 ; Gouverneur, 47.15 ; Hammond Chippewa 
Bay C.E., 2 ; Le Ray, 1 ; Oswegatchie 2d, 9.77. Steuben— Ark- 
port Jr.C.E., 1.50 ; Canaseraga, 5 ; Canisteo, 35 ; Corning C.E., 
10; Cuba C.E., 25 ; Hammondsport (Jr. C.E., 2.50; C.E., 5), 
7.50; Hornellsville 1st, 50; Howard C.E., 3; Prattsburg 
C.E., 5 ; Pultney (C.E., 5), 7. Syracuse— Baldwinsville, 14.22 ; 
Mexico, 76.60 : Syracuse 1st C.E., 42.50 ; Wampsville, 4. 
Troy— Bay Road Mr. W. S. Hillis, 4 ; Glens Falls C.E., 42 ; 
Salem, 33 ; Trov 2d, 144.92 ; — 3d, 1 ; — Mt. Ida Memorial, 
31.51 ; — Oakwbod Avenue, 43.17 ; Waterford, 591.10. VHca 
—Camden, 25; Glendale, 4.27; Little Falls, 30; Martins- 
burg, 9.40; Vernon Centre (sab.-sch., 7.63), 18.09; West 
Camden, 11.32; Williamstown, 4.20. Westchester — Bridge- 
port 1st, 113.36 ; Katonah (C.E., 15 ; sab.-sch. Thanksgiving 
collection, 41.81), 56.81 ; Mt. Vernon 1st Jr. C.E., 25 ; Patter- 
son, 75 ; Peekskill 1st, 89.68 ; South Salem (C.E., 3.54), 38.54 ; 
Yorktown C.E., 5. 14,938 55 

North Dakota. — Fargo — Casselton, 13 ; Enderlin, 3 ; 
Lucca, 3. Minneivaukon— Leeds, 4.34. Pembina— Canton, 4 ; 
Drayton, 16.66 ; Elkwood, 4.65 ; Forest River C.E. , 10. 60 65 

Ohio. — Chillicothe— Hillsboro, 13.50. Cincinnati— Cincin- 
nati Mount Auburn, 80 ; North, 5.50 ; Wyoming sab.-sch., 
35. Cleveland— East Cleveland, 16.76 ; Kingsville, 5 ; Parma, 
10. Dayton— Oxford (sab.-sch., 10), 61.80; South Charleston, 
43.66; Springfield 2d sab.-sch., 25. Huron— Norwalk sab.- 
sch., 10. Mahoning— Canton Calvary, 4 ; Ellsworth, 43 ; Lis- 
bon 1st, 13; Vienna, 16.30; Warren sab.-sch. , 33 ; Foungs- 
town, 35.49. Marion— Ashley, 2 ; Chesterville, 5.12 ; Liberty, 
3. Portsmouth— Ripley, 5. Steubenville— Dennison Railway 
Chapel (sab.-sch., 5.60), 13.60. 479 73 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Monkland, 11.95; Moro, 12.10; 
Union, 2.64. Portland— Oregon City, 3.40; Portland St. 
John's, 2.50. Southern Oregon— Myrtle Point, 19. Willa- 
mette—Eugene, 10.12; Gervais, 2.40. 64 11 

Pennsylvania.— Allegheny— Allegheny 1st Bible School, 
35.04; — Central (sab.-sch., 20), 25.75; — Westminster, 
10.27 ; Beaver, 8.50 ; Bellevue, 44.38 ; Clifton, 8.43 ; Concord, 
3 ; Industry, 5. Blairsville — Braddock, 50 ; Greensburg 1st 
(sab.-sch., 23.75), 93.87; Irwin, 15.38; Johnstown, 119.24; 
Laird, 6.50; Pine Run Miss. Soc, 5.85: Wilmerding, 7.15. 
Butler — Harrisville, 12 ; Millbrook, 8.50. Carlisle — Big 
Spring, 58.86; Carlisle 1st, 7.50; — 2d, 7.50; Gettysburg, 
63.56 ; Lower Path Valley C.E., 5 ; Robert Kennedy Mem'l, 
10.74; Shippensburg, 51.20. Chester — Chester 1st sab.-sch.. 
20 ; Coatesville, 250 ; Kennett Square, 10 ; Media, 25 ; Oxford 
1st, 201.56 ; Wayne sab.-sch., 25.92 ; West Chester 1st, 56.26 ; 
West Grove, 2.85. Clarion— Beech Woods (a member), 32 
cts.; Clarion, 23.61; Emlenton, 101.19. Brie - Bradford 
(sab.-sch., 5.60), 50.37 ; Cochranton, 7 ; Concord, 3.50 ; Fair- 
view, 6 ; Georgetown, 8 ; Greenville sab.-sch., 4.45; Irvine- 
ton, 2; Kendall Creek, 5; North Clarendon, 11.75; Pleas- 
antville, 36.50; Sugar Creek Memorial, 3; Sunville, 4.65; 
Tideoute, 14 ; Warren, 146 39. Huntingdon — Altoona 1st 
sab.-sch., 25; Bald Eagle Unionville Branch, 3; Bellefonte 
(Miss Gray, 5), 105; Clearfield, 20.51; Huntingdon, 218.50 ; 
Little Valley, 5.23 ; Lower Tuscarora, 19.15; Osceola C.E., 
5 ; Philipsburg sab.-sch., 30.56 ; Williamsburg (add'l), 15.50. 
Kittanning— Appleby Manor, 6.50; Kittanning 1st a lady 
member, 250; Leechburg, 37; Slate Lick, 77.35; West Leb- 
anon, 9.16. Lackawanna— Forest City, 6 ; Fortv-Fort, 31.75 ; 
Herrick, 10 ; Kingston, 50 ; Langcliffe, 43.58 ; Moosic, 14.95 ; 
Plains, 15 ; Scranton Green Ridge Avenue, 162.75 ; — Provi- 
dence, 16.25 ; — Washburn Street, 60 ; Warren, 4.50 ; Wilkes- 
barre 1st, 444.18 ; — Westminster, 10. Lehigh — Allentown, 
38.45; Bethlehem 1st, 11.75; Easton 1st, 85 ; Mauch Chunk, 
23.84 ; Pottsville 1st. 158 65 ; Stroudsburg, 15. Northumber- 
land—Great Island, 67 ; Jersey Shore, 5 ; Lewisburg sab.-sch. , 
76.32 ; Lycoming, 21.90 ; Mahoning, 25 ; MifHinburg, 12 ; 
Muncy, 27.25; Shiloh C.E., 3; Williamsport 1st C.E., 5; — 



1898.] 



HOME MISSIONS. 



179 



Church of the Covenant, 26.50. Parkersburg— French Creek, 
19 ; Lebanon, 1. Ph iladelphia— Philadelphia 2d, 550.64 ; — 
Arch Street, 22.27 ; —Calvary, 948.70 ; — Cohocksink sab.-scb. , 
8.90; — Emmanuel, 30.64; — Evangel Jr. C.E.,5 ; —Gaston, 
37.53 ; —Hebron Memorial, 13.35 ; — North 10th Street, 53.06 ; 
— Northininster, 225.30 ; —Patterson Memorial, 22 ; —South 
Broad Street, 2.52 ; — Union Tabernacle, 25; — West Green 
Street, 176.25 ; — Woodland, 502.43. Philadelphia Xorth — 
Abington, 4.94 ; Bristol, 8.35 ; Chestnut Hill 1st, 20 ; Ger- 
mantown 2d, 291.74; — Wakefield, 111.47; Lower Merion 
(sab.-sch., 4.60), 10; Manavunk, 25 ; Newtown, 105.05 ; Nor- 
ristown 2d, 10 ; — Central," 61.42 ; Overbrook, 267.49 ; Read- 
ing 1st, 88. Pittsburgh— Cannonsburg 1st C.E.,8; Finlev- 
ville, 3.87; Ingram 1st, 11.06; Hebron, 22; Miller's Run, 
14; Pittsburgh 6th, 11.10; — 43d Street, 11.52; — Belle- 
field, 156; — East Liberty (sab.-sch., 65.81), 1088.76; — 
Herron Avenue, 3.12; — Shady Side (sab.-scb., 11.06), 
1050.30; — South Side, 13.65; Raccoon (sab.-sch., 3.50), 
54.50. Redstone— Jefferson, 8; McKeesport 1st (add'l), 
35; Mount Pleasant Reunion, 29.12; Mount Washington, 
3; New Providence, 51.40; Scottdale (sab.-sch., 5), 60; 
Uniontown 1st, 226.05. Shenango— Leesburg sab.-sch., 3.18 ; 
Neshannock, 20; New Brighton (sab.-sch., 50), 105.40; 
New Castle 1st (Credo Workers, 6), 77.17 ; — Central, 37.23 ; 
Sharpsville, 4 ; Slipperv Rock, 12 ; Unity sab.-sch., 40 ; West- 
field (sab.-sch.. 25), 150 ; West Middlesex, 6.90. Washing- 
ton— Burgettstown 1st (sab.-sch., 3125), 99.92; Forks of 
Wheeling, 100 ; West Liberty, 7. Wellsboro— Mount Jewett, 
8 : Wellsboro (thank offering), 41.35. Westminster— Centre, 
S4.70; Columbia. 53.76; Middle Octorara, 23; Pequea sab.- 
sch., 24.76 ; York 1st, 253.81. 11,640 30 

South Dakota. — Aberdeen— Amherst, 3; Gray, 2; dro- 
ton (sab.-sch., 9.46), 33.57 ; La Grace, 7.50 ; Raymond, 4.45. 
Black Hills— Rapid City (CLE., 2.50), 6.73. Central Dakota— 
Earlville, 4. Southern Dakota— Emmanuel, 15 ; Olive, 5 ; 
Tyndall, 6.05. 87 30 

Tennessee. — Holston— Elizabethton, 3.35 ; Jonesboro, 15. 
Kingston— Grassy Cove, 2 ; Thomas 1st, 6.87. Union— Heb- 
ron, 4; Shannondale, 32. 63 22 

Texas.— Austin— Austin 1st, 15.94. 15 94 

Utah.— Boise— Boise City 1st, 15.61 ; — 2d, 3.25 ; — Beth- 
anv, 3.19. Utah — American Fork, 5 ; Pleasant Grove, 5. 

32 05 

Washington.— Olympia— Castle Rock and Toledo, 4.65 ; 
Tacoma Calvary, 32. Puget Sound— Friday Harbor, 5 ; Nat- 
ches, 5 ; Wenatchee, 2.26. Spokane— Davenport, 19 ; Larene, 
7. Walla Walla— Kendrick, 4; Lapwai, 26.45. 105 36 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa— Ashland Bethel, 7.40; Bayfield, 
29 ; Eau Claire 1st, 20. La Crosse— Bangor, 3.72 ; Beardsley 
Station, 2; New Amsterdam, 10; North Bend, 28. Madison 
— Beloit 1st, 33 ; Fancy Creek, 5 ; Platteville German, 4.90; 
Pleasant Hill, 5. Milwaukee— Alto Calvary, 5 ; Beaver Dam 
1st, 16 ; Milwaukee Bethany, 4.19 ; — German, 2 ; — Perse- 
verance, 6.91; —Westminster C.E., 2.50; Racine 1st, 80. 
Winnebago— Abbotsford Station, 1.10; Appleton Memorial, 
40 ; Colby Harper Memorial, 1.25 ; Crandon, 5 ; Nasonville, 
1.20 ; Oconto, 10 ; Omro (sab.-sch. for debt, 4), 16 ; Oshkosh, 
9.13; —2d, 1; Wevauwega C.E., 3.10. 352 40 



Total received from churches 840,260 31 

Woman's Board of Home Missions 23,046 86 

LEGACIES. 

Legacy of Joseph Beezley, late of Yorktown, la., 
10 ; Joseph S. Brewster, late of Philadelphia, Pa, , 
93.97; Harness Renick, late of Circleville, O., 
140; Jane Clark, late of Montour county, Pa., 
203.12; Matilda Robinson, late of Kittanning, 
Pa., 200; Maria J. Andrews, late of Oswego, 
N. Y., 100; John Dunlap, late of Wooster, O., 
35.72 ; John W. Howe, late of Rochester, N. Y., 
1334.67 2,117 48 

INDIVIDUALS, etc. 

"Anon," Herald and Presbyter, 2.50 ; Rev. E. Ben- 
zing and his German Presbyterian church, 2 ; 
Raymond H. Hughes, Altoona, Pa., 4; Rev. 
William C. Axer and wife, Baltimore, Md., 2.50 ; 
Miss M. Dickson, Philadelphia, Pa., 8.30 ; Pres. 
Relief Assoc, of Nebraska, 141.16 : Friend from 
New Jersev, 600 ; C. W. Loomis, Binghamton, 
N. Y\, 50 ; Rev. M. B. Lowrie, Omaha, Neb., 25 ; 
Charles H Hey ward, New York, 3 ; "A friend," 
5; Mrs. Charles F. Powel, Norristown, Pa., 50; 
Mrs. D. Willis James, Madison, N. J., 200 ; S. 



Mills Ely, Binghamton, N. Y., 28 ; " S. N. X.," 
1000; "H. X. G.," for debt, 1.32; "A friend," 
for debt, 5 ; Miss Lida Martin, Petersburg, Ind., 
for debt, 5 ; R. E. Coyle, Chambersburg, Pa., for 
debt, 20 ; Edwin A. Ely, New York. 10 ; Rev. P. 
J. Leenhouts, New Amsterdam, Wis., for debt, 
5; Congl. ?ab.-sch., East Bloomfield, N. Y., 
24. 78 : S. J. Parrett, South Salem, O., 5 ; Timo- 
thy Nash, Chicago, 111., 32 ; John Edwin Vance, 
Lucca, N. D., 186 ; Mrs. Caleb S. Green, Tren- 
ton, N. J., 300; "C. Penna.," 14; Rev. J. G. 
Touzean, Medellin, Colombia, 10; Rev. E. P. 
Goodrich, Ypsilanti, Mich., 31 ; Rev. Charles J. 
Jones, D.D., 10; Dr. W. Graydon, Bloomsburg, 
Pa., 6 ; Rev. T. C. Kirkwood, Colorado Springs, 
Colo., 25 ; Cash, 200 ; Mrs. S. M. Peck, Hanover, 
N. J., debt, 25; Rev. C. E. Babb, San Jos6, Cal., 
for debt, 5 ; Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Reaug, Tama, 
la., 7; Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Frank, Warren, 
Minn., for debt, 2 ; Rev. Frederick L. King, 30 ; 
Mrs. P. G. Cook, Buffalo, N. Y., 5 ; William D. 
McCune, 50; David Jacks, Monterey, Cal., 300; 
Rev. F. B. Stevenson, Ellensburg, Wash., for 
debt, 5 ; J. D. T. Hersey, New York, 50 ; Rev. J. 
A. P. McGaw, Springfield, O., for debt, 10 ; A dis- 
ciple, Yonkers, N. Y., 10 ; Rev. T. Thomas, 
Wyalusing, Pa., Christmas thank offering, 5 ; A 
King's Daughter, 5 ; W. Kirkwood, 10 ; Mrs. T. 
Williamson, Ferry, Mich., 24 ; Rev. L. F. Brick- 
els, wife and daughter, Christmas offering, 2.50 ; 
Rev. A. T. Aller, Cawker City, Kans., for debt, 
5; Mrs. Lucy Chapman, Otis, Colo., 60 ; Rev. D. 
W. Cassat, Winthrop, la., 5 ; Mrs. J. M. Colton, 
Jenkintown, Pa., for debt, 10; Rev. Henry T. 
Scholl, Big Flats, N. Y., 3; Miss Alice B. C. 
Dooly, 3.50; Mrs. M. Matthit'Snn, Socorro, N.M., 
thank offering, 25 ; Dr. H. B. Silliman, 1000 ; 
Rev. R. N. Adams, Minneapolis, Minn., 6 ; "A 
friend," Orange, N. J., 4.84; Mrs. H. J. Bid- 
die, Philadelphia, Pa., 100; Miss Margaret R. 
Todd, Atlantic Highlands, N. J., 3; Mr. and 
Mrs. Bergen, Belleville, Pa., 17 ; Rev. G. L. Kalb, 
10; E. J. Norton, Vernon Center, N. Y r ., 40; 
Marshall sab.-sch., Minn., 3; Rochester Pres. 
Chili C. E., 5.30; Interest on General Perma- 
nent Fund, 292.50; Interest on John C. Green 
Fund, 800 $ 5,950 20 

Total received for Home Missions, December, 1897. §71,374 85 

Total received during same period last year 96,472 30 

Total received since April 1, 1897 340,694 80 

Total received during same period last year 424,873 43 

SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

"L. L. S.," 100; Alexander Maitland, 250; Mrs. 
E. L. Torrev, Montclair, N. J., 10 ; Cornelius H. 

Ham, New York, 30 390 00 

H. C. Olin, Treasurer, 
Madison Square Branch P.O., Box 156, New Y T ork, N. Y. 

RECEIPTS FOR N. Y. SYNODICAL AID FUND, 
Decembek 1897. 

Albany— Sand Lake, 12 ; West Milton, 2 ; Conklin- 
ville, 2.25. Binghamton — McGrawville, 4.45. 
Brooklyn — Brooklyn Greene Avenue, 6. Colum- 
bia — Hunter, 6.65; Speneertown, 3; Austerlitz, 
2. Genesee— Wvoming, 5.55. Hudson— Union- 
ville, 4 ; Westto'wn, 2. New York—H. Y. Fifth 
Avenue, 250. Otsego— East Meredith, 7 ; Rich- 
field Springs, 5.68. Pochesler— Rochester Em- 
mannel, 1.01. Steuben— Hornellsville, 10 ; Can- 
aseraga, 5 ; Cohocton ch. and sab.-sch., 13. Syra- 
cuse — Wampville, 3. Troy — Trov 2d, 48.30 ; 
Waterford, 8.60. Ut&ca— No Gage, :; ; South 
Trenton, 2. Westchester— Bedford, 3.16; Stam- 
ford 1st, 45.32. 
Total received for N. Y. Synodical Aid Fund, 

December, 1897 $454 97 

Total received during same period last vear 782 57 

Total received since April 1, 1897 ". 3,463 00 

Total received during same period last year 4,450 73 

H C. Olin, Treasurer, 
Madison Square Branch P. O., Box 156, New York, N. Y. 



180 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[February, 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS, DECEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic— McClelland— Abbeyvtile 2d, 2.15. South Flor- 
ida— Tarpon Springs, 2. 

Baltimore. — Baltimore— Baltimore Boundary Avenue, 
63.65 ; — Hope Mission, 5 ; — Light Street, 14 ; Chestnut 
Grove sab. -sch., 8; Hagerstown, 36.59. New Castle— Forest, 
17; Manokin sab. -sch., 3; Farniington, 5. Washington 
City— Hyattsville sab.-sch., 20; Washington City 4th, 10.75; 
—Faith sab.-sch., 30 ;— Gurley Memorial sab.-sch., 5.57. 

California.— Los Angeles— Arlington, 10 ; Inglewood, 
2.50 ; Los Angeles Bethany sab.-sch., 4 ; — Chinese sab.-sch., 
1.25; — Immanuel sab.-sch., 53.20; — Spanish sab.- 
sch., 1.25; Monrovia, 14.19; Rivera, 5.30; San Diego, 21. 
Oakland — Danville, 5.85 ; Oakland 1st sab.-sch., 10; Yalona 
sab.-sch., 8.55. Sacramento — lone sab.-sch., 1; Vacaville, 
13.25; Virginia City sab.-sch., 6.55. San Francisco— San 
Francisco Trinity sab.-sch., 20. San Jose— HolJister, 2.45; 
Santa Clara, 43.75 ; Templeton, 8.85. Santa Barbara— 
Hueneme, 115.45. Stockton— Woodbridge, 6. 

Colorado. — Boulder — Fort Morgan, 5.28; La Salle 1st, 
11.52. Denver — Idaho Springs, 3.85. Pueblo— Alamosa, 
15.90 ; Bowen, 6 ; Colorado Springs 1st, 112.29 ; — 2d sab.- 
sch., 18; Ignacio Immanuel, 5.41; Pueblo 1st, 4.65; Silver 
Cliff sab.-sch., 9.40. 

Illinois. — Bloomington — Champaign sab.-sch., 11 ; Dan- 
ville 1st, 38.17 ; Normal, 26.84. Chicago — Austin, 5 ; 
Chicago 3d, 54.77; — 4th, 387, sab.-sch., 100; —6th sab.- 
sch., 31.03; — Campbell Park sab.-sch., 10; — Ridgway 
Avenue, 15 ; Du Page, 27.94, sab.-sch., 8.74 ; May wood, 10 ; 
Miscellaneous, 10. Freeport— Freeport 1st, 200 ; Galena 1st, 
21, sab.-sch., 10; Prairie Dell German sab.-sch., 21. Mat- 
toon— Toledo, 7.86, sab.-sch., 4.39 ; Tuscola, 25.90. Ottawa— 
Morris sab.-sch., 10. Peoria— Elmwood, 4 ; Knoxville, 5.45 ; 
Peoria 1st sab.-sch., 25; Princeville, 2; Washington, 5. 
Rock River— Arlington, 1.48; Franklin Grove, 2; Garden 
Plain, 5; Newton, 13.40; Princeton Y. P. S., 10. Schuyler 
— Prairie City, 14 ; Rushville sab.-sch., 43.62 : Warsaw sab.- 
sch., 5. Springfield— Springfield 1st, 105 ; — 2d, 32.23. 

Indiana.— Craw/ord-siiWe— Crawfordsville Centre, 50 ; Day- 
ton sab.-sch., 12.50; Lexington, 25; Rockville Memorial, 
19.63 ; Thorntown, 3. Fort Wayne— Fort Wayne 1st sab.-sch., 
35. Indianapolis — Bloomington, 70.28 ; Hopewell, 7.87. 
Logansport — Monticello, 38.03. Muncie — Marion sab.-sch., 
5.15. New A Ibany— Madison 1st sab.-sch., 36. 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids— Monticello, 5. Council Bluffs— 
Woodbine, 21.64. Des Moines— Allerton, 8.01 ; Davis City, 
10; Earlham, 3.75; Garden Grove, 14.85; Laurel sab.- 
sch., 2.86; Russell, 15. Dubuque— Hopkinton, 17.02; In- 
dependence 1st, 66.78; Jesup sab.-sch., 5. Fort Dodge— 
Estherville sab.-sch., 4; Iowa— Burlington 1st, 25.66. Iowa 
City— Marengo, 11.58. Sioux City—'Lyon Co. German, 30 ; 
Storm Lake sab.-sch., 8.50 ; Union Township, 13.S0. Water- 
loo — Ackley sab.-sch., 15.34; East Friesland German sab.- 
sch., 10.50 ; Grundv Centre sab.-sch., 8 ; La Porte City sab.- 
sch., 12 ; Salem, 10*; Tranquility, 17 ; Waterloo, 1000. 

Kansas. — Emporia — Belle Plaine sab.-sch., 2.50 ; Burling- 
ton, 15.10 ; Emporia 1st, 8 ; — Arundel Avenue sab.-sch., 1. 
Lamed — Burrton, 18 ; Kingman, 9.07. Neosho— Parsons 
sab.-sch., 4.45 ; Richmond, 10. Osborne— Pleasant Hill, 2.20. 
Solomon— Dillon, 6 ; Salina sab.-sch., 20. 
Kentucky. — Louisville — Louisville Alliance, 10.82. 
Michigan. — Detroit— Detroit Immanuel, 4.53 ; Milford sab.- 
sch., 15 ; Mount Clemens, 5 ; Plvmouth 2d, 5.40 ; White Lake 
sab.-sch. , 5.70. Flint— Denmark, 1.39 ; Fair Grove, 8.26, sab.- 
sch., 2.17; Lapeer, 11.17 ; Marlette 2d, 4.55; Watrousville, 
1.12. Kalamazoo— Benton Harbor, 24.75. Lansing— Battle 
Creek, 50 ; Mason, 23. Monroe— Hillsdale, 3 ; Palmyra, 12.50. 
Minnesota.— Duluth—DuXxrth. 2d, 3.62 ; — Hazlewood 
Park, 1.52. Mankato— Blue Earth City sab.-sch., 3.87 ; Jack- 
son^; Mankato 1st, 17.86. Minneapolis— Minneapolis Oliver 
sab.-sch., 4.08. Red River— Bethel, 5 ; Maine, 15 ; Maplewood, 
1.14. St. Paul— Macalester sab.-sch., 3; North St. Paul, 
3.70. Winona— Hokah, 2.04; Lanesboro, 2 ; Preston, 4 

Missouri. — Kansas City — Applet on City sab.-sch., 3.20; 
Kansas City 1st sab.-sch., 65 ; Sharon, 4.10. Ozark— Mount 
Zion, 3.37 ; Salem, 1. Palmyra— Edina, 10 ; Kirksville 
sab.-sch., 4. St. Louis— St. Louis 1st German, 9.40 ; — Tyler 
Place, 14.15 ; — West, 159.11 ; Webster Grove, 79.10. 

Montana. — Helena— Helena 1st, 26.35, sab.-sch., 3.87; — 
Central, 5.71. 

Nebraska. — Hastings— Aurora sab.-sch., 7.80 ; Beaver 
City, 7.89, sab.-sch., 5.25 ; Hastings 1st sab.-sch., 8.76 ; Rose- 
mont German, 5. Kearney — Wilson Memorial, 1. Nebraska 
City — Lincoln 2d, 1.50. Omaha— Craig sab.-sch., 1.97. 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth— Bethlehem, 6.76; Ciarksville 
sab.-sch., 2 88 ; Dunellen sab.-sch., 30.31 ; Elizabeth 2d, 440, 
sab.-sch., 268.38 ; — 3d, 113, sab.-sch., 28.86 ; Lamington, 30 ; 
Metuchen, 26.22 ; Plainfield Crescent Avenue, 21 ; Plucka- 
min, 5 ; Westfield, 50. Jersey City— Jersey City 1st, 255.88 ; 
— 2d, 48.50; — Scotch, 13.12; Newfoundland, 27.50; sab.- 
sch., 2.50 ; Rutherford, 30 ; Tenafly, 8. Monmouth— Atlantic 
Highlands, 3.48; Barnegat sab. -"sen., 3,54; Beverly sab.- 



sch., 10 ; Delanco, 5.05 ; Freehold, 14.14. Morris and Orange 
—Chatham, 10 ; Madison, 72.53 ; Mendham 1st, 100, sab.- 
sch., 11.33; Morristown 1st, 233.16, Y. P. S., 140; —South 
Street, 5 ; Orange Central, 200; — Hillside, 572.42, sab.-sch., 
100; St. Cloud, 53.71; Succasunna, 12.87, sab.-sch., 50; 
Wyoming sab.-sch., 1.50. Newark— Arlington sab.-sch., 5.67 ; 
Bloomfield 1st, 90 ; Caldwell, 120.76 ; Montclair 1st sab.-sch., 
100; — Cedar Avenue sab.-sch., 21.56; — Trinity, 100; 
Newark 1st sab.-sch., 30; — 5th Avenue sab.-sch., 30 ; — 
Bruce Street, 3.92 ; Calvary sab.-sch., 10 ; — Park, 19.53 ; — 
Roseville sab.-sch., 50. New Brunswick— Alexandria, 4; 
Trenton 1st, 80.60 ; — Prospect Street, 68. Newton— Belvi- 
dere 1st sab.-sch., 27.58. West Jersey— Haddonfield, 332.36; 
Hammonton, 13.82; Millville, 25. 

New York. — A Ibany— Albany 1st, 50 ; — 3d sab.-sch., 25 ; 
— State Street, 133.52, sab.-sch., 213.17 ; Ballston Spa, 12.40 ; 
Conklingville, 4.50 ; Emmanuel, 35. Binghamlon — Bing- 
hamton Broad Avenue, 9.50; McGrawville, 8.80. Boston— 
Barre, 5 ; Quincy, 21 ; South Boston 4th, 4.28. Brooklyn— 
Brooklyn Lafayette Avenue sab.-sch., 257.22; — South 3d 
Street sab.-sch., 39.17 ; Stapleton 1st Edgwater sab.-sch., 60; 
West New Brighton Calvarv, 50 ; Wyckoff Heights Mission 
Chapel, 6. Buffalo— Buffalo" North, 81.34. Cayuga— Ithaca, 
2. Champlain— Port Henrv, 32.37. Geneva — Canandaigua, 
14.87; Gorham, 15.23, sab.-sch., 1.30; Naples sab.-sch., 10; 
Seneca, 33.21. Hudson — Amity, 10; Florida, 17; Goshen, 
163.10; Nyack sab.-sch., 9.55 ; Ramapo, 657.22; Unionville, 
15; West Town, 16. Long Island — Amagansett sab.-sch., 
4.68 ; Bridgehampton, 18.77 ; Cutchogue, 13.72 ; East Hamp- 
ton, 35.32 ; Shelter Island, 25 ; Southampton sab.-sch., 30. 
Lyons — Fairville, 3.56 ; Williamson, 15.30. Nassau— Newton 
sab.-sch., 25. New York— New York Brick, 105 ; —Central, 
527.07; — Harlem, 6.25; — Hope Chapel, 25; — Phillips, 
300.38; — Rutgers Riverside sab.-sch., 65; — West End, 
367.80. Niagara— Lockport 2d Ward, 5; Mapleton, 7.50. 
North River— Cold. Spring sab.-sch., 6.18; Highland Falls, 
10 ; Matteawan, 31.67 ; Newburg Calvary, 12.91 • New Ham- 
burg, 50. Otsego— Delhi 2d, 110. Rochester — Gates, 16.75 ; 
Rochester Brick, 300 ; — Emmanuel, 3.38 ; — St, Peter's 
sab.-sch., 15.59. St. Lawrence — Hammond, 2; Morristown, 
7.44. Steuben— Hornellsville 1st, 60 ; Pultney, 2. Syracuse— 
Syracuse Memorial, 37.31. Troy— Argyle, 7 ; Bav Road sab.- 
sch., 1.61; Brunswick, 8.69; Troy 3d, 1; — Second Street 
sab.-sch., 30; Waterford, 34.41. Utica— Ilion sab.-sch., 
16.61; Rome, 37.38; A'ernon Centre, 8.78, sab.-sch., 8.38; 
West Camden sab.-sch., 3.60. Westchester — Bedford, 40; 
Darien sab.-sch., 10; New Rochelle 1st, 181.30; — 2d, 60; 
Peekskill 1st, 61; South Salem, 26.15; Stamford 1st sab.- 
sch., 15; Thompsonville, 151.67, sab.-sch., 47.54; Yonkers 
Westminster, 30.11. 
North Dakota. — Pembina— Langdon, 7. 
Ohio. — Athens— Veto, 14. Bellefontaine— Bellefontaine, 
15.58; Bucyrus sab.-sch., 11.25. Chillicolhe — Wilkesville, 9. Cin- 
cinnati— Cincinnati Fairmount German, 5 ; Westwood Ger- 
man sab.-sch., 8; Wyoming sab.-sch., 70. Cleveland— Cleve- 
land Madison Avenue, 18.40, sab.-sch., 14.52 ; Guilford, 7.47 ; 
Kingsville, 6.50; Northfield sab.-sch., 3; Parma, 6; Wil- 
loughbv sab.-sch., 6.40. Columbus— Dublin, 7 ; Westerville, 
18 ; Worthington, 20.18. Dayton— Bethel, 10.10 ; Dayton 4th, 
22 ; Springfield 2d sab.-sch., 25. Huron— Chicago, 10. Lima 
—Van Wert, 50. Mahoning— Columbiana sab.-sch.. 10.75; 
Lisbon 1st, 10; Youngstown, 34.94. Marion — Ashley, 1; 
Ostrander, 5. Maumee— Defiance 1st, 15.17 ; Toledo Colling- 
wood Avenue, 41.21. Portsmouth— Ironton, 8.70 ; Ripley, 5 ; 
Rome, 1.47. St. Clair sville— Cambridge, 100. Steubenville— 
Annapolis, 14, sab.-sch., 1 ; Beech Spring sab.-sch., 20; Dell 
Rov sab.-sch., 3.81 ; Hopedale, 10 ; Island Creek Y. P. S., 25 ; 
Minerva Y. P. S., 10; New Hagerstown Y. P. S., 5 ; New 
Philadelphia, 10 ; Steubenville 1st, 35.94 ; Unionport sab.- 
sch., 2. Wooster— Lexington, 5.69, Y. P. S., 5.50; Mansfield 
sab.-sch., 100. Zanesville — Hanover, 4; New Lexington, 
2.76; Oakfield, 2; Pataskala, 9.09; Roseville, 9.52; Union- 
town, 1.80 ; Unity, 6.90. 

Oregon. — East Oregon — Union, 2.80. Portland— Astoria, 
23.05 ; Bethany Mis., 5. Southern Oregon— Jacksonville, 5: 
Myrtle Point, 21. 

Pennsylvania.— Allegheny — Concord, 4; Freedom, 11; 
Perryville sab.-sch., 1. Blairsville— Irwin, 15.39; New 
Alexandria sab.-sch., 15.82. Butler— Butler, 324.89; Mill- 
brook, 6.25; West Sunbury, 23. Carlisle— Burnt Cabins, 2; 
Chambersburg Falling Spring sab.-sch., 20.19 ; Harrisburg 
Elder Street sab.-sch., 2; Lebanon Christ sab.-sch., 37.50; 
Lower Path Valley, 25, sab.-sch., 29, Y. P. S., 5. Chester— 
Chichester Memorial, 2.50 ; Coatesville, 205 ; Unionville, 5 ; 
Wayne sab.-sch., 23.12 ; West Chester 1st, 62.06. Clarion— 
Beech Woods, 32 cts.; Penfield sab.-sch., 7; Reynoldsville 
sab.-sch., 3.50. Erie— Cool Spring, 23.54; Erie 1st, 28.18; 
— Park sab.-sch., 50; Fairfield, 3; Fredonia, 26; Harbor 
Creek, 2.25 ; North East, 1.21 ; Sandy Lake, 2 ; Springfield 
sab.-sch.. 3.50; Sunville, 4.95; Waterford sab.-sch., 20. 
Huntingdon— Altoona 1st, 48, sab.-sch., 25 ; Duncansville, 6 ; 



1898.] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS — COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



181 



Fruit Hill, 7 ; Hollidaysburg, 36.85 ; Little Valley, 6.83 ; 
Philipsburg sab. -sell., 33.06 ; Pine Grove sab.-scb., 7.23. 
Kittanning — Appleby Manor, 6.50 ; Harmony, 7 ; Kittanning 
1st, 250. Lackawanna — Carbondale sab.-scb., 4.50; Forest 
City, 2; Great Bend, 8. Lehigh— Bethlehem 1st, 18.79; 
Easton 1st, 119; — Brainerd Union, 696.43; Stroudsburg, 
25. Northumberland — Beech Creek, 11 ; Bloomsburg, 35.72 ; 
Jersey Shore, 68; Mahoning, 25; Watsontown, 32.67; Wil- 
liamsport Covenant, 86.35. Philadelphia — Philadelphia 2d 
sab.-sch., 25; —9th, 76; — Cohocksink sab.-scb., 8.25; — 
Mariner's, 6; — Scots, 10.03; — Tabor sab.-sch., 76.12; — 
Woodland sab.-sch., 38.12. Philadelphia North— A bingt on, 
4.94 ; Chestnut Hill 1st, 150 ; Disston Memorial, 32.50 ; Falls 
of Schuylkill, 34; Lower Providence, 30 ; Morrisville, 19.52 
Norristbwn Central, 63.67, sab.-sch., 30. Pittsburgh— Fitts- 
burgh Belletield, 156 ; — East Liberty, 176 09, sab.-sch. 
98.71 ; — Herron Avenue sab.-sch., 18.44 ; — Lawrenceville 
42, sab.-sch., 19 ; — Shady Side, 76.50, sab.-sch., 16.60; Rac- 
coon sab.-sch., 13.90. Redstone— Dunlap's Creek, 12.39 
Little Redstone sab.-sch., 5 ; Mount Washington, 3. She- 
naw^o— Leesburg sab.-sch., 10 ; West Middlesex, 6.90. Wash- 
ington — Burgettstown 1st, 44.85, sab.-sch., 34.88 ; Upper 
Buffalo sab.-sch., 6.12. We/lsboro — Kushequa Union, 3 ; Port 
Alleghany, 5.50; Wellsboro, 41.35. Westminster— York Cal- 
vary, 60.14. 

South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Britton, 22 ; Raymond, 2.80. 
Black Hills — Rapid City, 10.05. Southern Dakota— Bridge- 
water, 21 ; Canistota, 9 ; Emmanuel, 10. 

Tennessee.— Kingston— Enslev, 3. Union— Fort San- 
ders, 4.31. 

Texas. — Austin— Austin 1st, 10. 

Utah.— Boise— Boise City 1st, 15 ; Payette, 9. Utah— Nephi 
Huntington sab.-sch., 2.68. 

Washington.— Olympia— Castle Rock, 2.48 ; Toledo, 2.47. 
Walla Walla— Lewiston, 22. 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Cad otte, 1.50; Chetek,1.50; Ells- 
worth, 2.06; Hager City, 1.90 ; Hartland, 2.28. La Crosse— 
Galesville sab.-sch., 5. Madison — Beloit 1st, 15; Kilbourne 
City, 9.25 : Platteville German sab.-sch., 4.31. Milwaukee — 
Milwaukee German, 2 ; — Immanuel, 188.54 ; Racine 1st, 80 ; 
Waukesha, 25.10. 

women's boards. 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 

the Presbyterian Chun h $4514 13 

Woman's Presbvterian Board of Missions 

of the Northwest 5622 60 

Women's Board of Foreign Missions of 

the Presbyterian Church 4382 74 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Foreign 

Mission Society of Northern N. Y. . . 480 00 
Woman's Occidental Board of Foreign 

Missions 588 50 



-$15,587 97 



LEGACIES. 

Estate of George B. Hill $997 50 

" Luther B. Couklin . . . . 4189 34 

" Joseph Beezlev 10 00 

" Robert Darling 23 86 

" Joseph S. Brewster 93 97 

" Harness Renick 700 00 

Jane Clark 203 12 

" James L. Parent 8 76 

S. B. Van Duzee 100 00 

" Maria J. Andrews 100 00 

36426 55 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Timothy Nash, 32; Miss Rachel Watson, 15; 
Charles Andrews, 3 ; Rev. G. N. Makely, 40 ; 
Sabbath-school at DeGraff, Kans., 2 ; " A Friend 
from New Jersey," 800 ; G. P. Reevs, 30 ; Charles 
Bird, U. S. A., support of Mr. Chun, 6; "A 
Home Missionary," 3 ; Floyd T. Voris, 50 ; W. J. 
Mackee, support of Beneyi, India, 27 ; Miss 
Cresswell, 5 ; Mrs. Kuhfuss, 1 ; Mrs. Kenneth 
Browu, 5 ; McCormick Seminary, faculty and 
students, support of T. G. Brashear, 140 ; Con- 
vention of German Presbyterian Ministers and 
Elders of the East, support of Native Bible 
Reader, 40; Edwin A. Ely, 10; Miss Charlotte 
H. Brown, 5; Eliza Freer, 2; C. M. Freer, 1; 
Rev. Thomas L. Sexton, 10 ; William U. Fol- 
lansbee, 50 ; ''A Friend," support of Mr. 
Massey, 12 ; "A Friend," support of Mr. 
Fraser and Dr. Johnson, 83.26 ; Fenn Missionary 
Circle, 2.25; W. E. Hunt, support of C, 
India, 5; Rev. Benj. M. Nyce, support of J. E. 
Adams, 100; S. A. Caldwell, 10; L. L. Jewell, 
for Ambala Mission, 25; Neri Ogden, 15; "A 
Friend," Salary of S. Yomoda, 14 ; Mrs. S. M.San- 
ford, for Mrs. Milliken'swork, 50; J.S. Merriman, 
1 ; Backus Trust Fund, 275 ; Miss Laura G. 
Sanford, for Miss E. Strong, 50 ; Boarding Stu- 
dents of Ferguson Academv, 9.15 ; "The B's," 
3.50: Mrs. Irene Hughes, 10.60 ; Rev. Frederick 
L. King, for Mr. Ewing, 50 ; " Bronx," 5.50 ; 
"A Friend," 30; Mrs. G. P. Cook, 5 ; Western 
Theological Seminary, for Arthur Ewing, 77 ; 
Mr. and Mrs. David Keith, for scholarship in 
Tung Chow, 25 ; " W. B.," 5 ; " A Disciple," 10 ; 
Charles W. Sparhawk, 25 ; Mr. and Mrs. J. H. 
Valentine, 50 ; Mary Crosby, 50 ; Estate of 
Matilda Robinson, 200; Princeton Seminary 
Missionary Society, for H. Taylor, 75 ; Mrs. 
Henry D. Mills, 35 ; Mrs. Elizabeth Vickers, 5 ; 
LouisS. Carroll, 2.75 ; Rev. L. F. Brickel's wife 
and daughter, 2.50 ; Money Order from India, 
9.68 ; Mrs. Henry J. Biddle, 100 ; "Aid," Mont- 
clair, First church, 40; " M. H. L.," 20; M. Stewart 
250; Rev. H. B. Sillman, 500 ; Rev. J. N. H., 1.30 ; 
John C. Converse, 791.20; "A King's Daugh- 
ter." 5; S. Aten, 65; Bessie Black, 1 ; G. G. 
Williams, 100 ; Miss Margaret R. Todd, 3 ; Mexi- 
can Coin in Safe, 13.13; "A Thank Offering 
from C. G. W.," 17.64; Rev. R. Arthur, 1.80; 
Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Bergers, 17 ; Calvin De Witt, 
20 ; " New England Presbyterians," 25 ; " M. 
E. II.," 5; W. S. Hillis, 1 ; " C. Penna.," 22; 
Rev. E. P. Goodrich, 33 ; Rev. Charles J. Jones, 
10 ; Rev. Henry T. Scholl, 3 $4680 26 

Total received during the month of December, 

1897 .... $46,024 43 

Total received from May 1, 1897, to December 31, 
1897 274,432 93 

Total received from May 1, 1896, to December 31, 
1896 259,329 47 

Charles W. Hand, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF AID FOR COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES, DECEMBER, 1897. 



Baltimore.— Baltimore— Baltimore Central, 12.38. New 
Castle— Wilmington Central, 13.70. 26 08 

California.— Los Angeles— Monrovia, 2.58. Oakland — 
Oakland 1st, 52.50; Valona sab.-sch., 2. Sacramento— Fall 
River Mills, 2.25 ; Red Bluff, 5. San Francisco— Han Fran- 
cisco Westminster, 12.45. Santa Barbara— Ojai, 3.90. Stock- 
ton— Woodbridge, 3. 83 68 

Colorado.— Boulder— Fort Morgan, 96 cts. Pueblo— Igna- 
cio Immanuel, 98 cts.; Pueblo Westminster, 1.59. 3 53 

Illinois.— Alton— Salem German, 4 ; Woodburn German, 
3; Zion Herman, 2. Bloomington — Onarga, 10. Chicago — 
Chicago 4th, 211 ; — 41st Street, 91 ; — Belden Avenue, 3.60 ; 
Evanston 1st sab.-sch., 10; Waukegan, 6.42. Freeport— Ga- 
lena German, 4; Savanna, 2.35. Mattoon — Kansas, 5. Peoria 
— Farmington, 7.50 ; Yates City, 4. Schuyler — Ebenezer, 7 ; 
Kirkwood, 6.67. 377 54 

Indiana. — Crawfordsville — Crawfordsville Centre. 30 ; 
Hopewell, 5 ; Newtown, 6 ; Rockville Memorial, 3.56 ; Sugar 
Creek, 5. New Albany— Lexington, 3. 52 56 

Indian Tkuritory. — Tuscaloosa— Sandy Branch, 50 cts. 

50 

Iowa.— Coming— Diagonal, 2, Des Moines— Des Moines 



Central sab.-sch., 2.38. Fort Dodge— Arcadia, 5. Iowa — Bur- 
lington 1st, 2.28. Waterloo— Williams, 4.90. 16 56 

Michigan. — Detroit— Detroit Fort Street (Westminster 
League, 18.64), 50.54. Flint— Akron, 3 ; Columbia, 4. Kala- 
mazoo—Benton Harbor, 4.50. Monroe — Tecumseh, 17.70. 
Petoskey— Petoskey, 1.70. Saginaw— Ithaca eh. and Y.P.S., 
30 ; Saginaw West Side 1st, 6 ; West Bay City Westminster, 
25. 142 44 

Minnesota.— Mankalo— Brewster, 88 cts.; Island Lake, 
2.67 ; Lakefield, 1 ; Russell, 1.69 ; Wortbiogton Westminster, 
6.91. St. Paul— North St. Paul, 1.80. 14 95 

Nebraska.— Nebraska Oily— Auburn, 4.72. 4 72 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth — Elizabeth (Ireystoue, 16.13. 
Monmouth— Del an co, 2.18. Morris and Orange— Madison, 
7.48. Newark— Montelair 1st, 10 ; Newark Park, 4.51. New- 
ton— Hackettstown, 25. 65 30 

New York.— Albany— Albany 1st, 33.50; Princetown, 
3.62 ; Sand Lake, 5.14 ; West Milton, 2. Binghamton—Cort- 
land, 18.29. Brooklyn— Brooklyn Mt. Olivet, 2. Cayuga— 
Ithaca 1st (add' 1), 10. Genesee— Byron, ,3. Geneva— Romu- 
lus, 14.65 ; Seneca, 13.33. Hudson — Amity, 5 ; Stony Point, 
14.54. Long Island— East Hampton, 15. Nassau— Glen Cove, 



182 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES — CHURCH ERECTION. 



[February, 



1. New York— New York 4th Avenue, Hope Chapel, 25. 
Niagara— Niagara Falls (sab.-sch., 5.34), 20.44. North River 
— Pleasant Yalley, 4. Otsego — Richfield Springs, 3.78. 
Rochester— Rochester Brick, 100 ; — Emmanuel, 1.35. Steu- 
ben— Hornellsville 1st, 10; Pultney, 4. Troy— Waterford, 
8.60. Westchester— Mt. Vernon 1st sab.-sch., 30 ; New Haven 
1st, 5. 353 24 

Ohio.— Cleveland— Cleveland North sab.-sch., 4.28. Dayton 
—Dayton 3d Street, 25 ; Greenville, 10. Lima— Ottawa, 1.20. 
Portsmouth— IroDton, 8: Steubenville— Hopedale, 2 ; Scio, 5. 
Wooster— Orrville, 2. Zanesville— Coshocton, 3. 60 48 

Oregon. — East Oregon— Union, 51 cts. 51 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Allegheny Central, 5.75. 
Blairsville— Parnassus, 18.08. Carlisle— Harrisburg Olivet 
(sab.-sch., 1), 4; Newport, 6. Chester -Chester 3d, 33.61; 
Wayne sab.-sch., 4.20; West Chester 1st, 11.62. Clarion— 
Johnsonburg, 2 ; Wilcox, 6. Erie— Erie 1st, 8 ; Sunville, 90 
cts. Huntingdon— Clearfield, 13 ; Orbisonia, 1 ; Sherman's 
Valley. 1 ; Shirleysburg, 2 ; State College, 5.10. Kittanning 
— Indiana sab.-sch., 15 Lackawanna — Wilkesbarre 1st, 
80.91. Lehigh— Bethlehem 1st, 3.13 ; Easton 1st, 5 ; Strouds- 
burg, 10. Northumberland— Lewisburg, 13.42 ; Williamsport 
3d, 3 ; — Covenant, 37.50. Philadelphia North— Norristown 
Central, 9.73. Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh Bellefield, 30 ; — East 
Liberty (sab.-sch., 19.74), 54.96. Redstone— Mount Washing- 
ton, 2. Westminster— Mount Joy (sab.-scb., 1), 4. 390 91 

South Dakota. — Central Dakota — Artesian, 2.50. Southern 
Dakota— Emmanuel, 5. 7 50 

Texas.— Austin— Austin 1st, 20.55. 20 55 

Washington. — Olympia— Castle Rock, 45 cts.; Toledo, 45 
cts. 90 

Wisconsin. — Madison— Fancy Creek, 5; Pulaski German, 
7. Milwaukee— Milwaukee 1st German, 1 ; — Perseverance, 
1.34. Winnebago — Weyauwega, 2. 16 34 

Total received from churches and Sabbath-schools.. $1,638 29 

PERSONAL. 

" Cash," 20 ; Mrs. George C. Berlin, Colorado 
Springs, Colo., 10 ; Rev. Charles S. Barrett, Wa- 
terville, N. Y., 5 ; A. H. Munger, Kansas City, 
Mo., 50; Rev. G. A. White, Artesian, S. D., 10; 
C. H. Kelsey, East Orange, N. J., 100 ; George L. 
Carrington, 25, R, F. Sulzer, 15, H. D. Brown, 
Albert Lea, Minn., 40 ; Mrs. Norman Kuhn, 1, 
Mrs. C. F. Hickman, 1, Mrs. G. Estelle Collins, 
1, Miss Myra La Rue, 1, Miss Eliza Gibbs, Oma- 
ha, Neb., 1 ; Isaac Noyes, 1, Mrs. E. Aston, 1, 
Mrs. J. G. Harrington .Waterloo, Neb., 1 ; Rev. 
George L. Leyburn, New Berne, N. C, for copy 
"Christian and Secular Education," 10 cts.; J. 
G. Godley,100, H. D. Brown, Albert Lea, Minn., 
160; C. E. Vanderburgh, Minneapolis, Minn., 
125; G. H. Haven, Chatfield, Minn., 25; H. M. 
Palm, Worthington, Minn., 25 ; Ernest C. Brown, 



10, Mrs. Ray, Minneapolis, Minn., 100; John F. 
Diehl, Santa Barbara, Cal., 5 ; Rev. C. B. Rogers, 
Ventura, Cal., 5; J. C. Salisbury, Los Angeles, 
Cal., 25 ; " J. M. C," Philadelphia, Pa., 10 ; "A 
Member," Beechwood, Pa., Church, 32 cts.; Rev. 

C. D. Ellis, Akron, Mich.. 10; L. B. Bissell, 
Monroe, Mich., 2 ; A. W. Wright, Alma, Mich., 
600; Mrs. C. Morrison, Flint, Mich., 10; Miss 
Cotton, Jacksonville, 111., 12 ; W. T. Knowlton, 
Saginaw, Mich., 125; J. P. Galbraith, Albany, 
Oreg., 10; Rev. A. J. Montgomery, Oregon City, 
Oreg., 1 ; "Anonymous," Orange, N. J., 1 ; " C. 
Penna.," 3; Rev. E. P. Goodrich, Ypsilanti, 
Mien., 6; "New England Presbyterian," New 

York, 5 1,658 42 

REPLACEMENT FUND. 

House of Hope Church, St. Paul, Minn., 5; Rev. 
G. W. Wright, Chicago, 3.50 ; Rev. Arthur M. 
Little, La Grange, 111., 5 ; Berwyn, 111., Church, 
10; Las Vegas, N. M., Church, 12.97; William 
M. Findley, M.D., Altoona, Pa., 5 ; Rev. H. S. 
Butler, D. D., Blairstown, N. J., 5 ; Rev. C. A. Lip- 
pincott, Chicago, 5 ; Rev. C. L. Richards, Bara- 
boo, Wis., 5 ; Anna, 111 , Church, 18 ; Rev. Charles 
Ray, Marion, N. Y.,5; Oshkosh, Wis., Second 
church, 1 ; Rev. Brooks Hitchings, Balaton, 
Minn , 2 ; Jeremiah Baker, Madison, N. J., 10 ; 
"Friends in Lake Forest, 111.," by E. S. Wells, 
100; Rev. D. A. Mc Williams, Chicago, 10 202 27 

PROPERTY FUND. 

Justice Harlan's sab.-sch. class, New York Avenue 
Church, Washington, D.C., 10 ; Catonsville, Md., 
sab.-sch., 25; Carlisle Pres. Woman's H. S.,5; 

D. C. Blair, Belvidere, N. J., 100; H. W. Hal- 
lick, York, Pa., 5; J. N. Pew, Pittsburgh, Pa,, 
30; Miss M. W. Denny, 50, S. P. Harbison, Alle- 
gheny, Pa. , 100 ; Charles E. Speer, Pittsburgh, 
Pa., 25 ; Mrs. Julia Billings, New York, 100 ; A. 
M. Stewart, LL.D., 25, Col. A. P. Ketchuni, New 

York, 10 ; Mr. Hicks, Brooklyn, N. Y. 100 585 00 

LEGACIES. 

Estate of Joseph Beezley, dee'd, Yorktown, la., 10. 10 00 

TRANSMISSIONS. 31 65 



Total receipts December, 1897 $4,125 63 

Previously acknowledged 30,291 83 

Total receipts since April 1, 1897 $34,417 46 

E. C. Ray, Secretary and Treasurer, 
30 Montauk Block, Chicago, 111. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF CHURCH ERECTION, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



f To apply on loan to Animas City Church. 

Atlantic— Fairfield— ~Lao\son, 3.50. 3 50 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore 1st, 25 ; — Westmin- 
ster from "M. C. D.," 5; Fallston, 1; Franklinville, 2; 
Frederick, 5. New Castle — Buckingham, 9 ; Gunby, 3 ; 
Makemie Memorial, 6 ; West Nottingham, 27. 83 00 

California. — Los Angeles— Los Angeles Grand View, 
2.25; Pasadena 1st, 32.75. Oakland— Fruitvale. 5. 40 00 

Colorado.— Denver — Denver 1st Avenue, 12.33 ; — Cen- 
tral, 26.73. Pueblo— ff Alamosa, 51; Bowen, 2 ; fDurango, 
12.50. 104 56 

Illinois. — Alton — Salem German, 6.13; Woodburn Ger- 
man (sab.-sch., 1.65), 7.62 ; Zion German, 4. Bloomington — 
Mansfield, 2. Chicago— Chicago 2d, 125; Hinsdale, 1.85; 
La Grange, 5.70 ; South Chicago 1st, 1. Ottawa — Waterman, 
6. Rock River— Beulah, 4.20 ; Coal Valley, 3.60. Schuyler— 
Macomb, 21 ; Monmouth, 3.87. 191 97 

Lndiana. — New Albany— Madison 2d, 2. 2 00 

Indian Territory.— Tuscaloosa— St. Paul, 1 ; Hebron, 1. 

2 00 

Iowa. — Corning — Hamburg, 3.05 ; Red Oak, 6.17 ; Shenan- 
doah, 4.44. Des Moines— Des Moines 1st, 7.15 ; Earlham, 76 
cts. Dubuque — ft Bethel, 100 ; Lansing German, 3. Iowa — 
Mediapolis, 3.35; Morning Sun, 12.05; Mount Zion, 6.81 ; 
Wapella, 50 cts. Iowa City— Deep River, 5.40; Scott, 2.50; 
West Branch, 5.50. Waterloo— State Centre, 10. 170 68 

Kansas. — Emporia — Eldorado, 9.50 ; Osage City, 8. High- 
land—Troy, 3. Neosho — Independence, 3 ; New Albany, 2. 
Osborne— Long Island, 2 ; Osborne, 5 ; Phillipsburg, 3. 
Solomon— Saltville, 2.68. Topeka — Junction City add'l, 3 ; 
Sharon, 3.10. 44 28 

Kentucky.— Louisville— Louisville College Street, 12.86. 

12 86 



ft In accordance with terms of mortgage. 

Michigan. — Flint — Akron, 2 ; Columbia, 6. Grand 
Rapids — Grand Rapids Westminster, 12.86. Kalamazoo — 
Allegan, 3. Lansing — Homer, 4.11. Petoskey — Boyne City, 
2 ; East Jordan, 15. Saginaw — Emerson, 4.32. 49 29 

Minnesota. — Duluth — Sandstone, 4. Minneapolis — Min- 
neapolis 1st, 29 33; — 5th, 3.20 ; — Andrew, 18.60. Winona 
—Austin Central, 4 ; Oronoco, 2.87 ; Winona 1st, 7.65. 

69 65 

Missouri. — Palmyra — New Providence, 3. Platte— 
Barnard, 2 ; Union Star, 1. St. Louis— Pacific, 1.01 ; St. 
Louis Carondelet, 5 ; Washington, 2.45. 14 46 

Montana.— Helena— Bozeman, 32.77. 32 77 

Nebraska. — Nebraska City— Goshen, 1.15; Meridian 
German, 5. Omaha— Fremont, 12 ; Omaha 1st, 21.66. 39 81 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth— Cranford sab.-sch., 8.11; 
Elizabeth Madison Avenue, 1.76. Jersey City — Jersey City 
1st, 97.20 ; Paterson Madison Avenue, 5. Monmouth— 'Lake- 
wood, 50. Morris and Orange— Morris Plains, 4.26 ; Orange 
Central, 200 ; South Orange Trinity, 27. 08. Newar k— Newark 
Park, 7.64. New Brunswick— Bound Brook, 16 ; Dutch 
Neck, 15 : New Brunswick 1st, 57.66 ; Trenton 2d, 3.85. 
Newtonr— Stillwater, 2.50. West Jersey— Camden 2d, 3.50 ; 
Wenonah, 22. 521 56 

New York. — Albany — Voorheesville, 1. Binghamton— 
Coventry 2d, 5.65 Brooklyn— Brooklyn Classon Avenue, 
36.05; — Greene Avenue, 8; — Memorial, 48.96. Buffalo- 
Sherman, 10. Cayuga— Auburn Central, 31.69 ; Meridian, 5.25. 
Columbia— Ancram Lead Mines, 1.90 ; Centreville, 1. Hudson 
— Cochecton, 3; Good Will, 1.26; Washingtonville 1st, 10. 
Lyons— Junius, 2 ; Wolcott 1st, 6.32. Nassau— Freeport, 10. 
New York— New York Faith, 18.60 ; — Washington Heights, 
15.27. Niagara— Lewiston, 5. North River— Poughkeepsie, 



1898.] 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



183 



12.93 ; Wappinger's Falls, 3.91. Otsego— Cherry Valley, 
16.58. Rochester— Caledonia, 6.87. St. Lawrence— Canton, 
1455; Rossie, 2.39. Steuben— Almond. 1; Angelica, 2.89; 
Jasper, 5.60. Troy— Schaghticoke, 2 ; Troy 2d, 36.98. West- 
chester— Darien, 25 ; New Haven 1st add'l, 5 ; Thompson- 
vine, 16.42. 373 07 
Ohio. — Athens— Amesville, 3.70. Chillicothe— Concord, 
2.75. Cincinnati — Delhi, 4.72; Wyoming, 22.06. Cleve- 
land— Cleveland Beckwith Memorial, 6.60 ; — North sab.- 
sch., 4.29; — Willson Avenue, 2.57. Columbus— Plain City, 
9. Dayton— Blue Ball, 2 ; Troy 1st, 10.83. Lima— Ottawa, 
1.20. Mahoning — Youngstown, 28.20. Marion — Jerome, 2. 
St. Clairsville— Cambridge, 10. Steubenville— Dell Roy, 2.60 ; 
Toronto, 4 ; Urichsville, 8 ; Wellsville 2d, 3. Zanesville — 
Muskingum, 6; Newark Salem German, 1.58. 135 10 
Oregon.— Southern Orego?i—Medford, 4. 4 00 
Pennsylvania.— Butler— Buffalo, 4 ; Plain Grove, 6.50. 
West Sunbury, 6.50. Carlisle— Dun cannon, 8; Gettysburg, 
1; Harrisburg Olivet (sab.-sch., 85 cts.), 1.85. Clarion— 
Emlenton, 12. Erie— 'Sew Lebanon, 3 ; Utica, 6. Huntingdon 
— Bald Eagle, 6.96 ; Beulah, 19 ; Irvona, 4. Lackawanna- 
Athens, 6.50 ; Canton, 8 ; Nicholson, 2 ; Scranton 1st, 34.19 ; 
Ulster Village, 2. Lehigh — Shenandoah, 5.18. Philadelphia — 
Philadelphia 2d, 134.78 ; — Arch Street, 98.76 ; — North Broad 
Street, 100 ; — Patterson Memorial, 9. Philadelphia North— 
Conshohocken, 3 -Falls of Schuylkill, 22 ; Germantown 2d, 
65.46 ; Ivyland C.E.Soc, 1.25 ; Xeshaminy of Warwick, 13.73 ; 
Wissinoming, 3. Pittsburgh— Mount Olivet, 3; Pittsburgh 
East Liberty, 24.20 ; — Shady Side, G6. Redstone— Dunlap's 
Creek, 5.13; Sewickley (sab.-sch., 3.66), 20. Shenango— 
Centre, 7; Princeton, 2.89. Washington— Fairview, 6. West- 
minster— Marietta, 9 ; Mount Joy (sab.-sch., 1) 20.36 ; Stras- 
burgh, 3.90. 736 33 
South Dakota. — Aberdeen — Uniontown, 1.08. Southern 
Dakota — Ebenezer German, 1.15. 2 23 
Texas. — Austin — Fayetteville German Bohemian, 1 ; Gal- 
veston 4th, 1.30 ; San Antonio Madison Square, 13 ; Sweden, 
3. North Texas— Miami, 1.25. Trinitij— Stephenville, 2. 

21 55 
Utah.— Kendall— ffSoda Springs, 25. 25 00 

Washington.— Walla Walla— Prescott, 3.21. 3 21 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Bayfield, 2.25 ; West Superior, 
9.05. La Crosse — Mauston German, 3 ; New Amsterdam, 5. 
Madison — Beloit 1st, 4. Milwaukee — Alto Calvary, 7 ; Mil- 
waukee Perseverance, 1.34. Winnebago — Neenah,25.39. 

57 03 



Contributions from churches and Sabbath-schools. $2739 91 

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS. 

C. Penna., 4 4 00 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Interest on investments, 862.50 ; Partial losses col- 
lected from Insurance Co., 118.64 ; Plans sold, 40 
cts.; Premiums of insurance, 660.76 ; Sales of 
church property, 775 ; Legacies, 470.90 ; Legal 
expenses, 10 $2898 20 

SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

New Jersey.— Orange— M. ct 0. 1st German 17 00 

New York.— Boston— Boston 1st 60 00 

Pennsylvania. — Philadelphia —Philadel- 
phia Tabor 78 00 

155 00 

$5797 11 



Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-November 30, 1897 $23,633 01 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-November 30, 1896 22,314 01 

LOAN FUND. 

Amounts collected on loans $1568 62 

Interest 713 10 

$2281 72 



MANSE FUND. 

CONTRIBUTIONS. 

Ohio. — Orange— Wooster $3 00 

SPECIAL DONATION. 

Iowa. — Des Moines 25 00 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Installments on loans $1296 97 

Interest 40 91 

Premiums of insurance 54 37 



$2743 91 



1392 25 

$1420 25 

If acknowledgment of any remittance is not found in 
these reports, or if they are inaccurate in any item, prompt 
advice should be sent to the Secretary of the Board, giving 
the number of the receipt held, or, in the absence of a receipt , 
the date, amount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbell, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF CHURCH ERECTION, DECEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic. —A tlantic— Mt. Pleasant Zion. 1.50. East 
Florida— Jacksonville 1st, 7.05. McClelland— Newberry Cal- 
vary, 1. 9 55 

Baltimore.— 2?ato'more— Chestnut Grove sab.-sch., 4; 
Church ville, 12.13. New Castle— Port Deposit, 7.24; Wil- 
mington Central (sab.-sch., 3.06), 35.10. 58 47 

California.— Benicia— San Rafael (sab.-sch., 11.90), 19.60. 
Los Angeles— Inglewood, 2.35 ; Los Angeles Redeemer, 3.87 ; 
Monrovia, 2.58. Oakland— Berkeley 1st, 10.25 ; Danville, 
1.75. Sacramento— Elk Grove, 3.50; Orangeville, 75 cts.; 
Roseville, 1.25. San Jose— San Jose 1st, 16.80. Stockton— 
Woodbridge, 4. 66 70 

Colorado. — Boulder— Fort Morgan, 96 cts. Denver — 
Elbert, 2. Punblo— Ignacio Immanuel, 99 cts. ; Pueblo West- 
minster, 3.18. 7 13 

Illinois.— Alton— East St. Louis, 5 ; Sparta, 6.45. Bloom- 
ington—OnsiTgSL, 10. Chicago— Chicago 4th, 79.39 ; Waukegan, 
6.51. Freeport — Cedarville, 3 ; Galena German, 4. Mattoon 
—Assumption, 25. Ottawa— Earlville, 1.40. Peoria— Pr in ce- 
ville, 10.52. Schuyler— Bardolph, 10 ; fElvaston. 34 ; Kirk- 
wood, 6.80; Plymouth, 1.40. Springfield— Chatham, 2.50; 
Jacksonville 2d Portuguese, 4.50 ; Springfield 1st, 18 ; — 
2d, 4.02. 232 49 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Bethany, 2; Newtown, 7.50; 
Rockville Memorial, 3.56; Waveland, 2. Fort Wayne— 
Ligonier, 6.18. Indianapolis — Bloomington Walnut Street, 
4.70. New Albany— Hebron, 3.86 ; Jefferson, 3 ; Lexington, 
3 ; Salem, 7 ; Smyrna, 5.25. 48 05 

Indian Territory. — Oklahoma — ft Shawnee, 40.82. 
Sequoyah— Pleasant Vallev Stephen Foreman Soc, 30. 

70 82 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Bellevue, 3.61 ; Bethel. 1.20. Corn- 
ing—Bedford, 13.16 ; Brooks, 1.40 ; Diagonal, 2.50; Morning 
Star, 1.05; Nodaway, 1.40. Des Moines— Chariton English, 
2.80; Des Moines Central sab.-sch.. 4.48: Humeston, 4.95; 
Perry (Jr. C. E., 1), 6. Dubuque— Jesup, 2.55. Fort 



Dodge— Fort Dodge 1st, 23.60. Iowa— Burlington 1st. 4.53. 
Iowa City —Fairview, 3. Sioux City— Sioux City 1st, 24.35; 
Union Township, 2.30. Waterloo — Tama, 80 cts.; Toledo, 
5.09. 110 77 

Kansas.— -EV/^omt— Burlingame, 3 ; ft Clear Water, 50 ; 
Maxon, 6 ; Peotone, 4. Neosho — Osage 1st, 8.90. Topeka — 
Auburn, 5.17 ; Topeka 1st, 47.84. 124 91 

Kentucky. — Louisville— Louisville Alliance, 2.09. 2 09 

Michigan. —Flint— Caro, 40; Deckerville, 2.05. Grand 
Rapids -Grand Rapids 1st, 12 Kalamazoo — Benton Harbor. 
4.50. Lansing— Brooklyn, 4.15. 62 70 

Minnesota. — Mankato— Evan, 4; ff Island Lake, 15; 
Mankato 1st, 9.20 ; Morgan Union, 4 ; St. James, 6.80. Min- 
neapolis— Waverlv, 8.66. St. Cloud— Bethel, 1 ; Brown's 
Valley, 2.35 ; ffKingston, 22.50. St. Paul— Macalester, 2. 
Winona — Kasson, 5.50. 81 01 

Missouri.— Palmyra— Milan, 2. 78. Platte— St. Joseph Hope, 
2. While River— Allison Chapel at Little Rock, 1.50. 6 28 

Nebraska. — Hastings— Hastings 1st, 8.72; Rosemont, 4. 
Kearney — Gibbon, 1.50. Niobrara— Emerson, 5.75. Omaha 
—Osceola, 7.60. 27 57 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth — Basking Ridge, 44.85 ; Perth 
Amboy sab.-sch., 2.81. Jersey City — Rutherford 1st. 25. 
nfonm.nuth— Atlantic Highlands, 64 cts.; Columbus, 3 ; Farrn- 
ingdale, 8 ; Manalapan, 5.44. Morris and Orange — Madison, 
7.48: Morristown 1st, 118.87. Newark— Newark 1st, 50.46; 
— Memorial, 3 50 :— Park. 4. New Brunswick — Ti'usville, 
8 ; Trenton Prospect Street, 36. Neivlon— Belvidere 1st sab.- 
sch., 3.42. West Jersey— Atlantic City 1st, 18.30; Black- 
wood, 20 ; Haddonfield, 46.30. 406 07 

New Mexico. — Rio Grande— Albuquerque 1st, 21.81. 

21 81 

New York.— Albany— Albany State Street, 24.27. Bingham- 
ton — McGrawville, 6. Boston — Boston Scotch, 10 ; London- 
derry, 3.75 ; Roxbury, 3.73. Brooklyn— Brooklyn Classon 
Avenue add'l, 5 ; —Westminster, 14.66. Chemung — Watkins, 



184 



CHURCH ERECTION— MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



[February, 



10.54. Columbia— Jewett, 4.42. Geneva— Seneca Falls, 43. Hud- 
son—Amity, 2; Greenbush, 6.71 ; Momicello, 9; Uuionville. 
2; West Town, 2. Long Island— Bridgebampton, 19; East 
Hampton, 15. Xa-ssau — Green Lawn, 3. New York— New 
York Central sab. -sen., 15 ; — Hope Chapel, 25 ; — Sea and 
Land, 7.10. North River— Pleasant Valley, 4 ; Smithfield, 7. 
Otsego— Unadilla, 3.40. Rochester— Caledonia C. E., 4.47; 
Dansville, 4.75 ; Mount Morris, 8.22 ; .Rochester Emmanuel, 
1.01. Steuben— Canisteo, 12; Horneilsville 1st, 10 ; Painted 
Post, 4; Pultuey, 2 ; Woodhull, 3. Syracuse— Mexico, 15.60. 
Troy — Hoosick Falls sab. -sch., 4.07 ; Mechanicsville sab.-sch. , 
6.24 ; Waterford 1st, 8.60. Westchester— Mt. Vernon 1st sab.- 
sch., 37.25. 376 81 

North Dakota.— Pem&ina— Ardoch, 6. 6 00 

Ohio.— Bellefontaine— Bellefontaine, 2.84; Forest, 2.25; 
ft Tiro, 50. Cleveland— Willoughby, 1.75. Columbus— Colum- 
bus Olivet, 5. Dayton— Dayton 3d Street, 1.20 ; Piqua, 30.60. 
Huron— Chicago, 5. Marion— Ashley, 2 ; Delaware, 25. Mau- 
mee— Grand Rapids, 7.50; Tontogony, 6; West Unity, 6. 
Steubenville— Corinth, 8 ; Hopeda'e, 2 ; West Lafayette, 
1.47. Zanesville — Brownsville, 9 ; New Lexington, 1.25. 

285 66 

Oregon.— East Oregon — Monkland, 4.95 ; Moro, 5 : Union, 
51. Portland— Bethanv German, 6 ; Oregon City, 2.90. 

19 36 

Pennsylvania.— Blairsville— Irwin, 21 ; Johnstown 1st, 
17.55; — Laurel Avenue, 5. Carlisle — Big Spring, 13.74; 
Blain, 5.35. Chester— Coatesville, 23.96; Wavne sab. -sch., 
4.20 ; West Chester 1st, 31.38. Erie— Hadley, 2 ; Jamestown, 
4; Sunville, 90 cts. Huntingdon — Orbisonia, 2; Sherman's 
Valley, 1 ; Shirleysburg, 2 ; West Kishacoquillas, 10. Kit- 
tanning— trader's Grove, 2.75. Lackawanna— Ashley, 11.44; 
Forest City, 5; Peckville, 6; Plains, 4; Silver Lake, 3; 
Towanda, 32.03. Lehigh-Bethlehem 1st, 3.13; Easton 1st, 
10; Shawnee, 6 ; Stroudsburg, 5. Northumberland — Berwick, 
11; Milton, 65; Wiliiamsport 3d, 3; — Covenant, 20.30. 
Philadelphia— Philadelphia Northern Liberties 1st, 6.08; — 
Olivet, 36. 97 ; — Temple, 24.78. Philadelphia North— Norris- 
towu Central, 12.23 ; Summit, 14.70. Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh 
Bellefield, 30; — East Liberty (sab. -sch., 19.74), 54.96; — 
Herron Avenue, 2.90; — Shady Side (sab. -sch., 5.53), 31.03. 
Redstone — Mount Washington, 2. Shenango — Hermon, 2.50 ; 
New Castle 1st, 27.08 ; Rich Hill, 3 ; Volant, 1. Washington— 
Burgettstown 1st (sab.-sch., 17.62), 46,59; Lower Buffalo, 
6.48; Upper Buffalo, 14.62. Westminster— Columbia, 31.50. 

680 15 

South Dakota. — Southern Dakota— Bridgewater, 3 ; 
Canistota, 2 ; Emmanuel German, 15 ; Mitchell, 1. 21 00 

Tennessee.— Union— New Salem, 2. 2 00 

Utah.— Kendall— ft Soda Springs, 15. 15 00 

Washington.— Olympia— Castle Rock and Toledo, 90 cts.; 
Tacoma 1st sab.-sch., 7.60. Spokane— Spokane Centenary, 5. 

13 50 

Wisconsin.— Milwaukee— Milwaukee 1st German, 2. 2 00 



Contributions from churches and Sabbath-schools, $2757 90 

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS. 

A member of Beech wood, Clarion, Pa., 32 cts.; A 
New England Presbyterian, 5 ; Aid. Montclair, 
Newark, N. J., 10 ; C. Penna., 4 ; Mr. John Rath 
Ackley, Iowa, 6.50 ; Rev. E. P. Goodrich, Ypsi- 
lanti, Mich., 6; Rev. N. J. Sproul, Englishtown, 
N. J., 5 ; Rev. J. G. Touzeau, Medellin, Colum- 
bia, 5; Orange, N. J., 1 42 82 



$2800 72 



Fund, 225 : Plans, 10 cts ; Premiums of insur- 
ance, 807.84; Sales of church property, 185.10 ; 
Legacies, 10 ; Legal expenses, 15 2257 23 

special donations. 
New York. — Utica— Boonville, 7.30; Holland 

Patent, 12 ; North Gage, 2 ; South Trenton, 2 .. 23 30 

Fe.xxsYhXAy^.— Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh, 100 100 00 

$5181 25 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-Deeember 31, 1897 §26,433 73 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
Il-December31, 1896 25,367 60 

LOAN FUND. 

Amounts collected on loans $1008 67 

Interest 356 09 

$1364 76 



MANSE FUND. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Installments on loans $2443 99 

Interest 98 88 

Premiums of insurance 39 25 



$2582 12 



ft In accordance with terms of mortgage. 
If acknowledgment of any remittance is not found in these 
reports, or if they are inaccurate in any item, prompt advice 
should be sent to the Secretary of the Board, giving the 
number of the receipt held, or, in the absence of a receipt, 
the date, amount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbell, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE BOARD OF 
THE CHURCH ERECTION FUND. 

April 11 to December 31, 1897. 
Receipts. 
General Fund : 

Contributions $26,433 73 

An increase of $1066.13 over same 
period last year. 

Miscellaneous 25,094 16 

$51,527 89 

Loan Fund 23,282 63 

Manse Fund 9,938 43 

Total $84,748 95 

POSITION OF GENERAL FUND, DECEMBER 31, 1897. 

Appropriations made since April 11, net $53,243 00 

Balance available $370 39 

Net receipts available for appropriations 35,647 10 

36,017 49 

Deficiency $17,225 51 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Partial losses collected from Insurance Co., 14.19 ; 
Total losses, 1000 ; Interest on Life Interest 



Adam Campbell, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



RECEIPTS FOR BOARD OF MINISTERIAL, RELIEF, DECEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic— South Florida—Sorrento, 3 ; Tarpon Springs 
1st, 1. 4 00 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Boundarv Avenue, 
27.41 ; Chestnut Grove sab.-sch., 3 ; Relay, 2.50. New Castle 
— Bridgeville, 3 ; Buckingham, 11.10 ; West Nottingham, 32 ; 
Wilmington Rodney Street, 23.85. Washington City— Bals- 
ton, 4; Washington Citv 4th (add'l), 5; — 6th,' 10; — 
Western, 38. 159 86 

California. — Benicia — Ukiah, 12. Los Angeles — East Los 
Angeles 2d, 10.25 ; Los Angeles Redeemer, 8.50 ; Monrovia 
1st, 2.58; Pasadena 1st (add'l), 2; Riverside Arlington, 
53.65 ; — Calvary, 45. Oakland— Berkeley 1st, 20. Sacra- 
mento—Elk. Grove, 3.50; Orangeville, 75 cts.; Placerville 1st, 
2; Roseville, 1.25. Santa Barbara — Hueneme, 5. Stockton 
—Tracy, 5 ; Woodbridge, 4. 175 48 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Wilmington Chestnut Street, 2. 

2 00 
Colorado. — Boulder — Fort Morgan, 96 cts. Denver — 



Denver North, 4. Pueblo — Antonito, 3 ; Ignacio Immanuel, 
98 cts.; Pueblo Mesa, 20 ; — Westminster, 3.55. 32 49 

Illinois.— A lion— East St. Louis, 6 ; Greenville, 7 ; Leb- 
anon, 4; Sparta 1st, 4.30. Bloomington — Bement, 13.70 ; 
Onarga, 20. Cairo— Flora, 8. Chicago —Chicago 4th, 140.83 ; 
Evanston 1st sab.-sch., 10; Highland Park, 32.74; Wauke- 
gan, 12. Freeport— Freeport 1st, 31.06 ; Galena German, 4 ; 
Marengo, 6. Maltoon — Ashmore, 5 ; Paris, 12. Ottawa— 
Aurora 1st, 7.43 ; Au Sable Grove, 8 ; Earlville, 3 ; Morris, 6 ; 
Waltham, 4. Peoria— Deer Creek, 5.80 ; Princeville, 1.77 ; 
Yates Citv, 4. Rock Rive?-— Princeton, 12.40. Schuyler— 
Chili, 2; Fountaiu Green, 1.75; Kirkwood, 11.80; Lee, 2; 
Plymouth, 1.74 ; Prairie City, 20. Springfield— Petersburg, 
20.23 ; Springfield 1st, 20 ; — 2d, 3.03. 451 55 



Indiana. — Crawfordsville — 
Memorial, 3.56. Indianapolis- 
29.60. Logansport— Bethel, 22. 



Newtown, 11.50; Rockville 

Bloomington Walnut Street, 

New Albany— Lexington, 3 ; 



1898.] 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



185 



Pleasant Township, 3; Vernon, 13.25. Vincennes— Evans- 
ville Walnut Street, 60.69. White Water— Rising Sun, 9. 

155 60 

Indian Territory.— Sequoyah— Muscogee, 10 ; Nuyaka, 
12 ; Wewoka, 2.50. Tuscaloosa— New Hope, 50 cts. 25 00 

Iowa.— Corning— Diagonal 1st, 2 ; Norwich, 2 ; Red Oak 
1st, 15.56 ; West Centre Mission, 1.25 ; Yorktown, 3.60. 
Council Bluffs— Menlo, 9. Des Moines— Allerton, 1.71 ; Davis 
City, 2; Des Moioes Central sab.-sch., 4.49; — East 1st, 
10.80; Pella Holland (Howell), 3.60; Perry (Jr. C. E. Soc, 
1.50), 11.50. Dubuque— Dubuque 1st, 10.50 ; Hazleton, 3 ; Ot- 
terville, 2. Fort Dodge— Coon Rapids, 3.06. Iowa— Burling- 
ton 1st, 6.03; Keokuk 2d, 5 ; Primrose, 1.40. Sioux City— 
Ashton, 6.50; Lyon County 1st German, 10 ; Mt. Pleasant, 
1.50; Sioux City 1st, 28.55; Union Township, 2.30; Zoar, 
5.25. Waterloo— Dows, 1.77; East Friesland German, 10; 
Union German, 3. 167 37 

Kansas. — isV/iporia— Burlingame, 3 ; Salem, 4.70 ; Waverly, 
22.45. Highland— Holton 1st, 17.20 ; Irving 1st, 1.25. Lamed 
— Salem German, 5. Neosho— Geneva, 3 ; La Cygne, 1.50 ; 
Libertv, 2; Osage 1st, 6.91 ; Ottawa 1st, 15.87 ; Scammon 1st, 
6. Topeka— Idana, 4.81 ; Kansas City 1st, 23.81. 117 50 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Greenup, 2.65. Louisville— Louis- 
ville Alliance, 2.09 ; — Central, 240.35 ; — College Street, 
71.55. 316 64 

Michigan.— .F/mif—Fenton 1st, 20. Kalamazoo— Benton 
Harbor, 4.50. Lake Superior— Escanaba 1st, 12 ; Ford River, 
8; Menominee, 33.51. Lansing— Lansing 1st (P. Amboy), 5. 

83 01 

Minnesota. — Dululh — Sandstone 1st, 2.25. Mankalo— 
Balaton 1st, 8.75; Redwood Falls, 13; Winnebago City, 
23.55. St. Cloud— Wneaton sab.-sch., 7.07. St. Paul— Farm- 
ington, lj Macalester Memorial, 3.30 ; Vermillion, 2. Winona 
— Oronoco, 2; Owatonna 1st, 18.50. 81 42 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Clinton 1st, 2.10. Ozark— Salem, 

1. Palmyra— Edina, 10 ; Hannibal 1st, 25 ; Laclede, 2 ; 
Union ville, 7. St. Louis— -St. Louis Westminster, 29.23 ; 
Zoar, 6. 82 33 

Montana.— Great Falls— Kalispell, 3. 3 00 

Nebraska. — Hastings — Hansen, 4 ; Rosemont German, 3. 
Kearney— Gibbon, 3.50 ; Lexington, 12 ; Shelton, 2.15. Ne- 
braska City— Tecumseh 1st, 5 ; York 1st, 19. Niobrara— Em- 
erson 1st, 3.80. Omaha— Marietta, 7. 59 45 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Lamington, 18 ; Perth Amboy 
(for debt), 7.35; Plainfield 1st, 47.42. Jersey City— Ruther- 
ford 1st, 25. Monmouth— Atlantic Highlands, 63 cts.; Eng- 
lishtown 1st, 15 ; Lakewood, 100. Morris and Orange— Chat- 
ham, 10 ; Madison, 7.48 ; Morristown 1st, 93.20 ; — South 
Street, 125.57 ; Orange 1st, 350 ; South Orange Trinity, 62.50. 
Newark— Montclair 1st ("Aid"), 10; —Forest Hill", 25 ; — 
Park, 6.19. New Brunswick — Titusville, 7.75. Newton — 
North Hardiston Y.P.S.C.E., 7.92. West Jersey— Atlantic 
City 1st, 53 ; Haddonfield (add'l), 1; Pittsgrove. 15; Wood- 
bury, 34.19. 1022 20 

New York.— Albany— Albany 2d, 33.14; — State Street, 
24.28; Mariaville, 3; Saratoga Springs 1st sab.-sch., 4.06. 
Binghamlon— Cortland, 42.93; Deposit 1st, 10.12. Boston — 
Antrim, 9.25; Newburyport 2d, 10. Brooklyn — Brooklyn 
Bethany, 18.65 ; — Franklin Avenue, 14.05 ; — Greene Ave- 
nue, 12.95. Buffalo— Buffalo North, 23.34. Cayuga— Aurora, 
13.57. Chemung— Horse Heads, 5. Columbia — Jewett, 9. 
Genesee— heroy 1st, 7 ; Warsaw, 25.50. Hudson — Amity, 8 ; 
Cochecton, 2 ; Port Jervis, 17.29 ; Unionville, 4 ; West Town, 

2. Long Island— East Hampton 1st, 30. Lyons— Palmyra 
(Ladies' Aid, 5 ; C.E.,5 ; Jr. C.E., 5), 57.59. Nassau -North- 
port, 18. New York— New York 4th, 166 ; — 1st Union, 9.13 ; 

— 4th Avenue Hope Chapel, 25 ; — University Place, 418.55. 
North River— Highland Falls, 6 ; Wassaic 1st, 3. Otsego — 
Oneonto 1st, 25.37; Unadilla, 6.50. Rochester— Sparta 1st, 
10 ; Sweden 1st, 6.85. St. Lawrence— Hammond, 8 ; Potsdam, 
20.56 ; Waddington Scotch, 24.58. Steuben— Canisteo 1st, 22 ; 
Cuba 1st, 6.83 ; Hornellsville 1st, 24 ; Pultney, 6. Syracuse— 
Marcellus, 6 ; Mexico, 22. 18. Troy— Cohoes 1st, 40 ; Lansing- 
burg 1st, 48.81 ; Waterford 1st, 8.60. Utica— Boon ville, 7 ; 
Clinton, 20; New Hartford, 17.75; Vernon Centre, 2.48; 
Waterville, 2.64. Westchester— Sew Rochelle 1st, 141.66 ; Rye, 
58.33; South Salem, 14.51; Yonkers 1st (sab.-sch., 19.25), 
'-'71.37. 1854 42 

North Dakota.— Bismarck— Bismarck 1st, 12.12. Minne- 
waukon—Rolla, 7. Pembina— Ardoch, 6. 25 12 

Ohio.— Athens— Nelsonville, 3. Bellefontaine— Bellefon- 
taine 1st, 2.83 ; Galion 1st, 6 ; Urbana, 14.51. Chillicolhe— 
Bloomingburg, 11.63. Cincinnati— Cincinnati Poplar Street, 
4.50 ; Wyoming sab.-sch., 25. Cleveland— Cleveland Calvary, 
101 ; East Cleveland, 6.53. Columbus— Columbus Olivet, 10 ; 

— West Broad Street, 4. Huron— Chicago, 5. Lima— Find- 
lay 2d, 3. Mahoning— Petersburg, 3.30 ; Youngstown 1st, 
30.75. Marion— Delaware, 30 ; Ostrander, 2. St. Clairsville 
— Kirkwood, 60. Steubenville— Bethel, 5; Carrollton, 15; 
Hopedale, 2; Urichsville, 12 ; West Lafayette, 1.25. Zanes- 
ville— Frazeysburg, 4.70 ; Kirkersville, 2 ; Madison, 9.60 ; 
Pataskala, 3.82. 378 42 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Cleveland, 4 ; Union, 51 cts. Port- 
land— ■Portland 4th, 8.71. Southern Oregon— Ashland (L. 
Miss. Soc, 3.50), 5. Willamette— Pleasant Grove, 2. 20 22 



Pennsylvania.— i?/ai?\5i>i7Ze— Greenburg 1st (sab.-sch., 
20.02), 68.32; Jonnstown, 61.57; — 2d, 20.50; Livermore, 
2.17; New Florence, 8.17. Butler— Martinsburg, 8.75 ; West 
Sunbury, 4.60. Carlisle— Big Spring, 10.39 ; Burnt Cabins, 
2 ; Chambersburg Central, 12 ; Harrisburg Pine Street, 
262.69 ; Lower Path Valley, 12 ; Paxton, 18. Chester— Chi- 
chester Memorial, 2; Wavne sab.-sch., 4.20; West Chester 
1st, 56.41. Clarion— Beech Woods, 32 cts.; Big Run, 2 ; East 
Brady, 10.90 ; Emlenton, 22 ; Johnsonburg, 5 ; New Reho- 
both, 6.50 ; Wilcox, 9. .Erie— Atlantic, 5.45 ; Mount Pleas- 
ant, 2.15; Sunville, 90 cts.; Tideoute, 13. Huntingdon— 
Altoona Broad Avenue, 6.75; Bellefonte (Miss Gray), 3; 
Bradford, 1.22 ; Lewistown sab.-sch., 50 ; Mount Union, 12 ; 
Orbisonia, 5 ; Pine Grove Bethel, 3.10 ; Sherman's Valley, 2 ; 
Snirleysburg, 5. Kittanning— Indiana sab.-sch., 15 ; Marion, 

4 ; Srader's Grove, 2.60. Lackawanna — Athens, 30 ; Bennett, 

5 ; Elmhurst, 1 ; Forest City 1st, 2 ; Plains, 7 ; Wilkesbarre 
1st, 336.15. Lehigh— Bethlehem 1st, 6.26 ; Catasauqua Bridge 
Street, 9 ; Easton 1st, 60 ; Stroudsburg 1st, 10. Northumber- 
land— Milton, 70. Parkersburg — Parkersburg 1st, 14.70. 
Philadelphia— Philadelphia Evangel (sab.-sch., 9), 23; — 
Olivet, 13.11 ; —Patterson Memorial, 8 ; — Tabor (sab.-sch., 
25), 68.04. Philadelphia North— Chestnut Hill 1st, 10 ; Nor- 
ristown Central, 16.25 ; Penn Valley, 2. Pitts b urgh— Ingram, 
6.45; Pittsburgh 1st (Central Chapel), 2.17; — Bellefield 
(King's Daughters, 41), 101; — East Liberty (sab.-sch., 
26.32), 68.58 ; — Hei-ron Avenue, 3.07 ; — Shady Side (sab.- 
sch., 5.53), 31.03. Redstone— Leisenring, 4 ; Mount Washing- 
ton, 2 ; Uniontown 1st, 124.82. Shenango — Hermon, 7. 

Washington— Allen Grove, 5.06 ; Burgettstown 1st (sab.- 
sch., 8.88), 33.60; Limestone, 4.40; Lower Buffalo, 6.95. 

Westminster— Columbia, 57.75. 1890 05 

South Dakota.— Central Dakota— Bethel, 1.72 ; Coleman, 
1.72; Wentworth, 3.14. Southern Dakota— Emmanuel Ger- 
man, 5 ; Harmony, 4.75 ; Mitchell, 1. 17 33 

Tennessee. — " Holston — Mount Bethel, 7.20. Union— 
Marysville, 2. 9 20 

Texas.— Austin— PeavsaW (two members), 10. 10 00 

Utah. — Utah— Nephi Huntington, 4.70 ; Ogden 1st, 6.65; 
Salt Lake City 3d, 5 ; — Westminster, 8. 24 35 

Washington.— Olympia— Castle Rock and Toledo, 90 cts. 
Paget Sound— Friday Harbor, 3 ; Lopez Calvary, 2 ; Seattle 
Westminster, 14.45; White River, 1.10. Walla Walla— 
Waitsburg, 10. 31 45 

Wisconsin.— Baldwin, 9 ; Big River, 4 ; Eau Claire 1st, 8. 
Milwaukee— Cato, 75 cts.; Milwaukee 1st German, 2. Win- 
nebago—Oconto, 27.20 ; Weyauwega 1st, 2. 52 95 

Total from the churches and Sabbath-schools $7,250 79 

INDIVIDUALS. 

Mrs. Julia M. Pitkin, Syracuse, N. Y., 20 ; Mrs. S. 
Snyder, Newark, N. ,L, 3 ; Miss Dickson, Phila- 
delphia, 15 ; Neri Ogden, Oskaloosa, la., 5 ; Miss 
Marv D. Crane, Brooklyn, N. Y., 5 ; Mrs. P. G. 
Cook, Buffalo. N. Y., 5 ; Mrs. M. A. Cargen, 
Cambridge, Wis., 5 ; Rev. R. T. Armstrong, 
Canton, Mo., 5; Mrs. R. T. Amstrong, Canton, 
Mo., 5 ; Mrs. Kuhfuss, Goebler, Mo., 1 ; 
Miss Chester, Washington, D.C., 100; Through 
Miss Mary E. Chapman, Philadelphia, 7 ; " One 
of His stewards," 5; "Christmas Gift," N. Y., 
25; Cornelia W. Halsey, Newark, N. J., 150; 
Miss Anna R. Ludlow, Hartshorne, I. T., 5 ; 
The Misses Clark, N. Y., 20; "In His Name," 
2 ; Miss Speer, Pittsburgh, Pa., 10 ; " A Friend," 
Philadelphia, 5 ; Mrs. J. G. Reasoner Ballard, 
Washington, 5; Rosa L. Easby (in memoriam), 
25 ; Mrs. R. W. Allen, Virginia City, 2 ; " A 
Friend," 5; G. P. Reeves, Yonkers. 10; Rev. J. 
L. Vallandigham, D.D., Newark, Del., 5 ; Miss 
Lottie Ensign, Philadelphia, 2 ; Martha W. 
Miller, Chester, S. C, 10; Rev. Frederick L. 
King, New York., 30; Mrs. R. J. Carson, 
Gidley, 111., 50 ; Mrs. Frank Kent, Gidlev, 111., 
5 ; Mrs. Jane B. Worth, Tallula, 111., 1 ; Mr. and 
Mrs. A. P. Frank, Wanen, Minn., 1 ; Mrs. 
McClung, Fernbank, O., 3; Miss Ellen Clarke 
and mother, Mt. Jackson, Pa., 10; Miss Mary 
Crosby, New York, 50 ; Rev. T. Thomas, Wya- 
lusiug, Pa., 5 ; Mrs. Jennie Keefer, German- 
town, Pa., 5; W. J. McCaban, Philadelphia, 
500 ; Mrs. George Cook, Hanover. N. J., 2 ; 
"Orange, N. J.," 1; Mrs. A. M. Hull, Mary- 
ville, Teun., 25; " Thank Offering," Pa., 7.50; 
"Friend," Chambersburgh, Pa., 7; Miss R. T. 
Williams, N, Y., 9; "Washington, D.C.," 3; 
" New England Presbyterian," 5 ; Rev. Julian 
Hatch, Dillev, Oreg., 7.50; "Tithing," Mt. 
Carmel, Pa. , 10 ; Rev. Lewis I. Drake, Iola, 
Kans., 5; " C. Penna.," 6 ; Rev. J. (\. Touzeau, 
Medellin, Columbia, 10; Rev. E.P.Goodrich, 
Ypsilanti, Mich., 6 ; Rev. Charles J. Jones, D.D., 
10 ; Rev. H. T. Scholl, Big Flats, New York, 2; 
"The B's.," 2; "Cash," Brooklyn, 200 81410 00 



186 



FREEDMEN. 



[February, 1898. 



Interest from investments $5142 91 

" " R. Sherman Fund 200 00 



Total 814,033 70 

Unrestricted legacies 552 00 



[Note.— S3 credited in November to Chicago Presbytery 
German Church (Rev. E. Bensing's church) should have been 
placed in the individual record of gifts.] 

Total for current fund since April 1, 1897 $97,433 56 

" " " " same period last year 91,605 62 



Total receipts in December, 1897 S14.585 70 



W. W. Heberton, Treasurer, 
507 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FREED MEN, NOVEMBER, 1897. 



Atlantic. — Fairfield— Pleasant Ridge, 1.10. 1 10 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore 1st, 25 ; — Madison 
Street, (C.E., 6; sab.-sch., 14,) 20 ; Bethel, 4. New Castle.— 
Newark 1st, 9 ; Port Deposit, 7.16 ; 65 16 

California.— Los Angeles— Remands 1st, 30.23 ; Riverside 
Calvary, 20. Oakland— Danville, 1.60. Sacramento— Olinda, 
74cts. 52 57 

Catawba.— Catawba--'Mt. Olive, 2; Wadesboro (sab.- 
sch., 3; C.K., 2), 5. 7 00 

Colora da— Z>e»rer— Denver Central, 26.73; Georgetown, 
5. Pueblo— Pueblo Fountain (sab.-sch., 1.55), 2.35; Rocky 
Ford 1st, 5. 39 08 

Illinois. — Alton — Salem German, 4; Woodburn German, 
3 ; Zion German, 2. Bloomington — Monticello ch. and 
sab.-sch., 10. Chicago— Chicago Emerald Avenue, 5.44 ; — 
Woodlawn Park sab.-sch., 10 ; Highland Park, 40.75 ; Hins- 
dale, 1.85 ; La Grange, 5.70 ; Oak Park 1st, 48.77 ; South Chi- 
cago 1st, 1. Freeport— Savanna, 6. Mattoon— Ashmore, 5 ; 
Grandview, 1.89 ; Shelbyville, 15. Ottawa— Morris 8. Peoria 
— Peoria 1st, 18.22. Schuyler — Elvaston, 15 ; Monmouth, 
3.87. 205 49 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Spring Grove, 33. Fort Wayne 
— Hopewell, 5 ; Salem Centre, 2.55. Indianapolis— White- 
land Bethanv, 11.60. Logansport— Crown Point, 8.75 

60 90 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids— Cedar Rapids 3d, 3.35. Pes Moines 
—Colfax 1st, 3.S0. Fort Podge— Boone 1st, 9. Iowa— Kos- 
uth 1st, 3.06. Ima City— Deep River, 5 ; Oxford, 7 ; Union, 
5.04. TUa /e;7oo- Do ws 1st (Jr. C.E., 1), 2.60; Rock Creek, 
4 ; Unity, 3. 45 85 

Kansas.— Hi ghlarid— Bolton 1st, 16.50 ; Troy, 3. Neosho— 
Independence 1st, 3 ; Princeton, 6.50 ; Richmond L. M. Soc. , 
1. Solomon— Cawker City, 3.15. Tvpeka— Bethel, 650. 39 65 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Lexington 2d, 20.93 ; Paris 1st, 5. 

25 93 

Michigan.— Petroit— Birmingham, 4 ; Ypsilanti, 9. Flint 
— Mundy, 2.25. Kalamazoo— Allegan, 3. Petoskey— Elk 
Rapids, 2.35 ; Mackinaw City, 1.25. 21 85 

Minnesota. — Puluth — Clo'quet, 1.25. Mankato— Island 
Lake, 1.58 ; Mankato 1st. 20 ; Russell, 1.87. Minneapolis— 
Minneapolis 1st, 31.63. Red River— Fergus Falls 1st, 10.60. 
St. Paul— St. Paul House of Hope sab.-sch., 10. Winona— 
Austin Central, 2.60; Claremont, 5 ; Oakland, 1; Ripley, 
1.50. 87 03 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Holden 1st, 5.40. Ozark— Salem, 
1. St. Louis— De Sota, 4 ; Pacific, 1.01 ; Washington, 2.99. 

14 40 

Nebraska. — Hastings— Hastings 1st German, 2. Kearney 
—North Platte, 12.96 ; Wilson, Memorial, 2. Nebraska City 
— Goshen, 1.15; Meridian German, 2; Pawnee 1st, 26.39. 

46 50 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Elizabeth 3d, 26.13. Jersey 
City— Passaic 1st, 20.19 ; Paterson Madison Ave., 5. Mon- 
mouth— Reverly, 38.50. Morris and Orange— East Orange Ar- 
lington Avenue, 47 ; Morristown 1st CM. Soc, 45 ;— South 
Street, 44.55. Newark — Blooinfield 1st, 53 ; Montclair 1st, 
15.28 ; Newark Calvary, 6 ; — Park, 31.10. New Brunswick 
—Dutch Neck, 20; Urenchtown, 10.10; Trenton 2d. 4.15. 
Newton— Baekettstown, 25.00; Harmony, 4.86; La Fayette, 
1.80; Phillipsburgh Westminster, 8.62. West Jersey— Cam- 
den 2d, 3.50. 409 78 

New York.— ^/fcan//— Ballston Spa 1st, 6; Galway, 30 ; 
Princetown, 5.29; Sand Lake, 4; Voorheesville, 1 ; West 
Galway, 3 ; West Milton, 2. Binghamton— Coventry 2d, 
6.35 ; Lordville, 3 ; Waverly 1st. 30.53. Boston— Bedford, 2. 
Brooklyn — Brooklyn 2d, 48 ; — Memorial, 49.85. Buffalo— 
Alden, 1. Cayuga— Genoa 1st, 10. Champlain— Keesville 
1st, 16.60. Columbia— Ancram Lead Mines, 3.60; Centre- 
ville, 1. Geneva— Bellona 1st (sab.-sch.. 1.50), 8 ; Geneva 1st 
17.46. Hudson— Chester, 21.46 ; Good Will. 1.26 ; Monroe, 25 ; 
Washingtonvillelst, 10. Long Island— Remsenburg, 15. Lyons 
—Palmyra, 12.72. Nassau— Far Rockawav 1st, 16; Freeport 
1st, 13 ; Glen Cove, 2. New York— New 'York 4th, 50.47; 
— 4th Avenue, 85 ; — Adams Memorial L. M. Soc, 10 ; — 
University Place, 50. Niagara— Knowlesville, 6. North 
Piver— Poughkeepsie, 12.93*. Otsego— Gilbertsville, 5.50. 
Rochester— Caledoaia 1st, 9.70; Rochester Central, 50; — 
St. Peter's, 21.68; Sparta 2d, 5.57. St. Laurence— Carthage 
1st, 8. Steuben— Angelica, 4. Troy— Green Island, 11.65. 
Utica— Forestport, 4.50. Westchester— Bridgeport 1st, 33.76 ; 
Darien, 15; White Plains, 54.53. 803 41 

Ohio. — CMIIicothe— Concord. 2.60. Cincinnati— A vondale, 
114 ; Cincinnati Fairmount German, 2 ; — Poplar Street, 8 ; 



Wyoming, 82.54. Cleveland— Cleveland Beckwith, 6.60; — 
North sab -sch., 4.28 ; East Cleveland Glenville. 2. Payton — 
Troy 1st, 5.20. Lima— Ottawa 1st, 1.20. Mahoning— Con- 
cord, 3; Youngstown 1st L. M. Soc, 15. Marion — Brown, 
2. Manatee— Tontogouy, 5. Porstmouth— Portsmouth 1st, 
20.65. St. Clairsville—C&la\well, 5 ; Sharon, 4. Steubenville— 
Corinth, 11; Dell Roy, 6.50; East Liverpool 1st, 61.51. 
Wooster — Wooster 1st, (sab.-sch., 7.50), 58.71. Zanesville — 
Muskingum, 31 ; Newark Salem German, 2.71. 454 50 

Oregon.— Portland— Portland 1st, 42.24. 42 24 

Pennsylvania — Allegheny — Allegheny 1st E. E. Swift 
Brigade, 36.88 ; — Central, 35.63 ; — McClure Avenue, 15 ; 
Bull Creek, 10 ; Rochester. 5. Blairsrille— Conemaugh, 3.52 ; 
Johnstown Laurel Ave., 8 ; —1st L. M. Soc, 20.50. Butler 
—Butler 1st, 121 ; Centreville 1st, 40. Carlisle— Upper Path 
Yallev, 9. Chester— Dilworthtown, 3 ; Toughkenamon, 4.44 ; 
West" Chester 1st, 33.07; Clarion— Adrian, 2. Erie— Erie 
1st. 5.10; —Park, 21.14; Sandy Lake, 2. Huntingdon— Al- 
toona 3d, 8.38 ; Bald Eagle, 7.60 ; Beulah, 18 cts. Kiltanning— 
Kittanning 1st, 65; Saltsburg, 25; West Glade Run, 10; 
Worthington, 8. Lackawanna— Ashley, 16.62 ; Honesdale 
1st sab.-sch., 12.37; Mountain Top, 1.55; Scranton 1st, 
152.31 ; Wilkes Barre Grant Street, 4.62. Lehigh— Allentown, 
30.47; Hazleton sab.-sch., 25. Northumberland— Buffalo, 
9.25; Jersey Shore, 33; Mahoning, (sab.-sch., 18 32), 
71.07. Philade/phi a— Philadelphia Cohocksink sab.-sch., 
8.30 ; — North Broad Street, 96 ; — Trinity sab.-sch., 2.50 ; 
—West Hope, 14.78. Philadelphia North— Abington, 28.63 ; 
Holmesburg, 10.17 ; Neshaminy of Warminster C. E., 1.25; 
Wissinoming, 3. Pittsburgh— Canonsburg Central, 10 ; Craf- 
ton 1st, 16.66 ; Homestead, 8.32 ; Idlewood, Hawthorne Ave., 
10.38 ; Mount Pisgah, 12 ; Oakmont 1st Y. L. M. Soc, 25 ; Pitts- 
burgh 1st, 1019.73 ; — 2d, 6.27 ; — 4th, (Jr. C. E , 10), 
27.36 ; — 43d Street, 11.74 ; — Bellefield, 127.63 ; — East End, 
17.59 ; — East Liberty, 158.71 ; — Knoxville, 19 ; — Law- 
renceville, 18.06 ; — Park Avenue, (L. H. M. Soc, 3), 43; 
Shady Side, 82.51. Redstone— "Sew Salem, 5.08; Rehoboth, 
23. Shenango — Moravia, 3.50 ; Wampum, 5.15. Washington— 
Fairview Y. P. Soc, 3 ; Washington 3d, 12.18. Wellsboro— 
Lawrenceville 1st, 1. Westminster — Chanceford, 5.25 ; York 
Calvary, 22.12. 2714 58 

Tennessee. — Union- Caledonia, 1.50; Centennial, 1; 
Clover Hill, 1 ; Knoxville Belle Avenue, 2. 5 50 

Texas.— ^us/m— Eayetteville Bohemian, 1 ; Sweden, 3. 

4 00 
Washington.— Walla Walla- Johnson, 1. 1 00 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Bayfield, 11.40. La Crosse — 
Mauston German, 2 ; New Amsterdam Holland, 3. Madi- 
son— Beloit 1st. 4 ; Portage 1st, 3 ; Poynette, 1.35. Milwau- 
kee— Milwaukee Immanuel, 75.65 ; — Perseverance. 1.34. 
Winnebago — Marinette Pioneer, 100. 201 74 

Receipts from churches during November, .... $5349 26 

miscellaneous. 

" C. Penna.," S; Rev. E. Benzing and his Ger. 
( b... 2 ; John P. Jones, Terra Alta. W. Ya., 10 ; 
"M. CD., Westminster Church, Baltimore, 
Md.," 5 ; " M. R. C," 6 ; Estate of Joseph B. Pit- 
zer. Zionsville. Ind., 994.50 ; W. J. Fife, Boyce 
Sta., Pa., 3.80 ; Miss Lida Brown, Philadelphia, 
Pa., 1; Central Reformed Pres. Church. Alle- 
gheny, Pa., 8 ; Estate of Mary M. Montford, Buf- 
falo, Pa., 50; Wm. U. Follansbee, Allegheny, 
Pa., 50; " Cuyler Mission Band," per Miss 
Marv L. Matton, 25 ; "A friend," Wheeling 1st 
Ch.,'W. Ya.,5; W. A. Hope, Flat Rock, 111., 
4; Gilbert L. Hicks, Sr., Alanson, Mich., 4; 
Benevolent Society of Princeton Seminary, 
Princeton, N. J., 17.16; " Minnesota friends," 
per Miss M. E. Holmes, 2.42 ; Rev. L. P. David- 
son, New York, 10 1,205 88 

Woman's Board of Home Missions 1,214 46 



Receipts during November, 1897 §7,769 60 

Receipts during November, 1896 6,066 96 

Total receipts to December 1, 1897 41,916 84 

Total receipts to December 1, 1896 50,804 92 



John J. Beacom, Treasurer, 
516^Market Street, Pittsburgh Pa. 



Office^ and Ageijcieg of the [jenewal A^emHfl. 



CLERKS: 



Stated Cterfc and Treasurer— Rex. William H. Roberts, D.D., 
LL.D. All correspondence on the general business of 
the Assembly should be addressed to the Stated Clerk, 
No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennanent Clerk— Rev. William E. .Moore, D.D., LL.D., 
Columbus, Ohio. 



TRUSTEES. 



President— George Junkin, Esq., LL.D. 
Treasurer— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street. 
R( cording Secretary— Jacob Wilson. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



BOARDS, 



i. Home Missions, Sustentation. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rex. William C. Roberts, D.D., LL.D., and Rev. Duncan J. McMillan, D.D. 

Treasurer— Harvey C. Olin. Recording Secretary— Oscar E. Boyd. 

Superintendent of Schools— Rev. G. F. McAfee. 

Secretary oj Young People's Department— Miss E. M. Wishard. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. Address all mail, Box 156 
Madison Square Branch. 

Letters relating to missionary appointments and other operations of the Board should be addressed to the 
Corresponding Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the financial affairs of the Board, containing remittances of money or requests for 
reduced railroad rates, should be addressed to the Treasurer. 

Applications for aid from churches should be addressed to the Recording Secretary. 

Applications of teachers, and letters relating to the School Department, should be addressed to the 
Superintendent of Schools. 

Correspondence of Young People's Societies should be addressed to the Secretary of Young People's Depart- 
ment. 

2. Foreign Missions. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rex. Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D. ; Rev. John Gillespie, D.D. ; Mr. Robert E. Speer 

and Rev. Arthur J. Brown, D.D. 
Treasurer— Charles W. Hand. 
Secretary Emeritus— Rex. John C. Lowrie, D.D. 
Field Secretary— Rex. Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, 111. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the missions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, should be sent 
to Charles W. Hand, Treasurer. 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of $30, and of honorary directorship on receipt 
of 8100. 

Persons sending packages for shipment to missionaries should state the contents and value. There are no 
specified days for shipping goods. Send packages to the Presbyterian Building as soon as they are ready. Ad- 
dress the Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions. 

The postage on letters to all our mission stations, except those in Mexico, is 5 cents for each half ounce or 
fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents for each half ounce. 

3. Education. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rex. Edward B. Hodge, D.D. Treasurer— Jacob Wilson. 
Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Publication and Sabbath=school Work. 

Secretary— Rev. Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D. 

Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work— Rev. James A. Worden, D.D. 
Editorial Superintendent— Rev . J. R. Miller, D.D. Business Superintendent— John H. Scribner. 
Manufacturer— Henry F. Scheetz. Treasurer— Rev. C. T. McMullin. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publication and com- 
munications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school Library books and the periodicals, should be 
addressed to the Rev. E. R. Craven, D.D., Secretary. 

Presbyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath -school and Missionary work, to grants of 
the Board's publications, to the appointment of Sabbath-school missionaries, and all communications of mis- 
sionaries, to the Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work. 

All manuscripts for Sabbath-school books, the Westminster Teacher and the other periodicals, and all 
letters concerning the same, to the Editorial Superintendent. 

Business correspondence and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-school missionaries, to 
John H. Scribner, Business Superintendent. 

Remittances of money and contributions, to the Rev. C T. McMullin, Treasurer. 

5. Church Erection. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rex . Erskine N. White, D.D. Treasurer— Adam Campbell. 
Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 



6. Ministerial Relief. 

Correspond inn Secretary— Rev. Benjamin I.. Agnew ,E ».D 
Treasurer and Recording Secretary— Rev. William W. Heberton. 

OFFICK-Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

7. Freedmen. 

Corresponding Secretary—Rev. Edward P. Cowan, D.D. 
Recording Secretary— Rex. Samuel J. Fisher, D.D. 
Treasurer— Rev. John J. Beacom, D.D. 

Office-516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

8. Aid for Colleges and Academies. 

Secretary— Rev. E. C. Ray, D.D. 
Treasurer— E. C. Ray. 

Office— Room 30, Montauk Block, No. 115 Monroe Street, Chicago, IU. 



COMMITTEES, ETC. 

Committee on Systematic Beneficence. 

Chairman— Rev. W. H. Hubbard, Auburn, N. Y. 

Secretary— Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, 56 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Committee on Temperance. 

Chairman— Rex. John J. Beacom, D.D., 516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rev. John F. Hill, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Recording Secretary— George Irwin (P. O. Box 14), Allegheny, Pa. 
Treasurer— Rex. James Allison, D.D., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Presbyterian Historical Society. 

President— Rex. W. C. Cattell, D.D., LL.D. 

Librarian— Rex. W. L. Led with, D.D., 1531 Tioga Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rex. Samuel T. Lowrie, D.D., 1827 Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa, 
Recording Secretary— -Rex. James Price, 107 E. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Treasurer— DeB. K. Ludwig, Ph.D., 3739 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Treasurers of Synodical Home Missions and Sustentation. 

New Jersey— -Hon. William M. Lanning, Trenton, N. J. 
New York— Harvey C. OJin, 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
Pennsylvania— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Baltimore— D. C. Ammidon, 31 South Frederick Street, Baltimore, Md. 



BEQUESTS OR DEVISES. 

In the preparation of Wills care should be taken to insert the Corporate Name, as known and recognized in the 
Courts of Law . Bequests or Devises for the 

General Assembly should be made to " The Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States of America." 

Board of Home Missions— to "The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of 
America, incorporated April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board of Foreign Missions— to "The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of Church Erection— to " The Board of the Church Erection Fund of the General Assembly of the Presbyte- 
rian Church in the United States of America, incorporated March 27, 1871, by the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board of Publication and Sabbath-school Work— to "The Trustees of the Presbyterian Board of Publication 
and Sabbath-school Work." 

Board of Education— to "The Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America." 

Board of Relief— to "The Presbyterian Board of Relief for Disabled Ministers and the Widows and Orphans of 
Deceased Ministers." 

Board of Freedmen— to " The Board of Missions for Freedmen of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of JH for Colleges— to " The Presbyterian Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies." 

N.B.— Real Estate devised by will should be carefully described. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Ikattek 

Horsford's Acid Phosphate. 

This preparation by its action 
in promoting digestion, and as a 
nerve food, tends to prevent and 
alleviate the headache arising from 
a disordered stomach, or that of a 



nervous origin. 



Dr. F. A. Roberts, Waterville, Me., says : 
" Have found it of great benefit in nervous 

headache, nervous dyspepsia and neuralgia ; 

and think it is givin 

is thoroughly tried.' 



Descriptive pamphlet free on application to] 
Rumford Chemical Works, Providence, R. I. 

For sale by all Druggists. 

Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 



— The Chicago Tribune relates this story to illus- 
trate the methods of the censor in Turkey : Two 
French journalists, Messrs. Papillard and Leroy> 
set out from Paris to make a tour of the world 
without a sou, and a curious illustrated chronicle of 
their journey is being published. While at Saigon 
they edited the fifth number of the journal En 
Route, in which there is the following amusing an- 
ecdote : While reading one of the articles relating 
to the departure of the travelers from Sicily, the 
censor charged with the examination of the fourth 
number of their paper came to the following text : 
" We disembarked in sight of the city of Calane, 
behind which Etna, the highest volcano of Europe, 
reigns as master." The censor shudderingly erased 
the words "reigns as master." "But why," de- 
manded the journalists, ' ' do you scratch out these 
words?" "Because," responded the censor with 
indescribable haughtiness, "there is none other 
than His Majesty the Sultan who reigns as mas- 
ter." 




J. B. 



tfe acknowledge y 



no competitors. 
Our Stereopticons 
and Single Lanterns 
are unexcelled for 
Church, Sunday 
School and 
Class Room work. 
Catalogues free. 



COLT & CO., 
115=117 Nassau Street, 
New York. 



"It just suits me." The 



(Clinton 
- Safety 
-Pin 



has the largest sale 
of any safety pin 
made, because of its 
many points of ab- 
solute superiority, 
which are as fol- 
lows: 

1st. They have a 
perfect guard that pre- 
vents cloth catching in 
the coil. 

2d. They are made 
of tempered brass, and 
do not bend. 

3d. They are super- 
nickeled and never 
turn brassy. 
4th. They can be hooked and unhooked from 
either side, a great convenience. 

BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. 
Made in .Nickel Plate, Ulack, Rolled ttold 
and Sterling Silver. 
Pf»pp on receipt of stamp for postage, samples 
*^* cc of our Clinton Safety Pin, our new 
'•Sovran" pin and a pretty colored animal book 
for the children. 

Oakville Co., Waterbury, Conn. 



k 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



— A method of propagating Islam without the 
Mohammedans at home having to support their 
missionaries is thus reported in Evangelisches Mis- 
sionsmagazin : A Basle missionary, traveling in the 
German Soudan, met a Mohammedan teacher who 
carried with him the Koran and wooden writing 
tables. Stopping at all places which have Mo- 
hammedan colonies, he goes through his prayers 
every evening in public in the most careful and 
impressive way. He gathers the Moslem children 
and teaches them to read and write, requiring 
them to learn by heart verses of the Koran 
and prayers. When a scholar has completed his 
course in this superficial instruction, his father 
has to pay a cow or produce of the country to the 
value of about forty shillings to the teacher. In 
this way these Mohammedan priests support them- 
selves and lead a very comfortable life. 





Buckeye Bell Foundry 

E.W.Vanduzen C'o.Cineinnati.Oliio. 

■S53?ar Church Bells & Chimes. 

Highest Grade, Pure Tone Westminster 
Bells. Founders of Largest Bell in America. 

Mention this Magazine. 



Bl VMVCD >«*v UNLIK0THESBZLL3 
L. T m I Cf\ /gjg^SWEETEB, MOEE DUE- 
rUIIRrU fl ^»*ABLE, LOWES PEICE. 
unuiiun dB£9\ :z2 fbee c at alcgue 
BZlZlS. ^ TZLLSWHY. 

to Cincinnati Bell Foundry Co., Cincinnati, 0. 



OPIUM 

J. l,. vnriuNs, 



norphino habit 
cured in lO to 20 
days. 30,000 cases 
cured. Book of tes- 
timonials free. No 
Pay till Cured. 
yi. !>.. Lebanon, Ohio. 



Jas. Godfrey Wilson, 

PATENTEE AND MANUFACTURER, 

74 WEST 23d ST., NEW YORK. 

Send three two-cent stamps for Illustrated Catalogue. 
Stamps not necessary if you mention THIS Magazine. 




Rollin g Partitions 

^^^^^^^^^^"""^ for dividing Church and 

School Buildings. Sound-proof and air-tight. Made also 
with Blackboard Surface. They are a marvelous con- 
venience, easily operated, very durable and do not get out 
of order. Also made to roll vertically. Over 2000 Churches 
and many Public Schools are using them. 

VENETIAN BLINDS IN ALL WOODS. 

Cfymtian 
draining Couree* 



Biblical, Historical, 
Missionary. 



FOR 



Tgoung (ptopfc'z ^ocidit* 

AND OTHER 

CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS. 

Commended by the General Assembly and by many of 
the Presbyteries. 



(Requtreb QReabtng 

FOR 1897-98. 

Our Sixty-six Sacred Books 40c. 

The Presbyterian Churches 25c. 

The Church at Home and Abroad, one 

year $ 1. 00 

Sent postpaid by the 

PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION, 
PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 



Charles A. Dickey, D.D., 
Warner Van Norden, Esq., 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, 



John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, 
Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., 
Henry T. McEwen, D.D., 
Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 
Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 
William C. Roberts, D.D. 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



D. J. McMillan, D.D., 
F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D., 
Edward B. Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D., 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
E. C. Ray, D.D. 



[Each of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found in the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.] 



Contents. 



Current Events and the Kingdom, . . .191 
Editorial Notes (with portraits of John Hall, 

D D. and D. J. McMillan, D.D.), . . 193 
Rev. Win. C. Cattell, D.D (with portrait), . 195 
In the Interest of Missions, Gen. John Eaton, 

LL.D., 196 

Missions in Alaska (ten illustrations,) . . 197 

CHURCH ERECTION.— How one Church 
was Finished, A. #. Fiske, D.D., . . 202 

FOREIGN MISSIONS.-Notes, . . .205 
Calendar— Punishing the Cause of Truth . 209 
Henry Harris Jessup, D.D. ( with portrait), . 210 
A Picture and an Appeal, Rev. A. A. Fulton, 

(illustration), 211 

Jubilee Offerings— The late Mr. Andrew Hap- 

per, (illustration,) 213 

Concert of Prayer, Topic for March— What 
is the Supreme Aim ? . ... 215 

Just one at a Time, Henry T. McEwen, D.D. 216 

An Itineration with Bulu Accompaniments, 
Ellen G. Parsons, M.A., . . . .219 

An Itinerating Tour, Miss Letitia W. McCamp- 
bell (illustration), 220 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. — Gen- 
eral Fund Receipts— Training of Chris- 
tian Teachers, Pres. W. M. Blackburn, 
D.D.,— Geneseo Collegiate Institute, Wm. 
E. Kimball, D.D. (two illustrations), . 224 

EDUCATION.— Care of Presbyterian Stu- 
dents at State Universities — The Univer- 
sity of Colorado, (two illustrations,). . 226 



FREEDMEN.— As Much as Last Year— Cast 
Down but not Destroyed— Rev. J. T. H. 
Waite (with portrait)— How a School 
Grew, 229 

MINISTERIAL RELIEF.— Heraldic Seal of 
the Board (illustration), .... 232 

PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL 
WORK.— Sholl's Mines, Illinois (illustra- 
tion)— The Twentieth Century Movement 
—The Appeal of Children's Day, Edward 
1. Bromfield, D.D., 235 

HOME MISSIONS.— Notes, . . . .237 

One Secretary, 288 

Why are the Boards in Debt, . . . .238 
Tidings from the Klondike, Rev JS. Hall 

Young, 240 

Concert of Prayer— The Board of Home Mis- 
sions—Home Missionaries, . . . 244 
Letters, .... ... 248 

Appointments, 250 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN EN- 
DEAVOR. — Notes (three illustrations) 
—Down in Egypt, C. K. Powell (three il- 
lustrations)— A Boy's Missionary Society 
—Christian Training Course— Presbyter- 
ian Endeavorers — John Kenneth Macken- 
zie, M.D. (with portrait), Mrs. Albert B. 

Robinson, 2ol-263 

Receipts, 263-278 

Officers and Agencies, 279 




00 « 

s 

ft? 



> 3 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



MARCH, 1898, 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



A Large Bequest for Missions. — It is 

announced that a legacy which will amount 
to about $900,000 has been left to the 
China Inland Mission. 

The Hawaiian Question. — Replying to 
the argument against annexation that the 
people of Hawaii are not up to the Ameri- 
can standard, the Hon. Lorin A. Thurston 
writes in The Outlook: "Millions of 
Americans are not up to the Hawaiian 
standard. With the exception of a tem- 
porary Asiatic laboring population, there is 
less illiteracy in Hawaii than in Massa- 
chusetts. Hawaii is, in its government, 
educational system, laws, customs, business 
methods and civilization, more American 
than any Territory ever admitted to the 
Union." 

The Student Volunteers. — The third 
convention of Student Volunteers, held in 
Cleveland, February 23-27, has brought 
prominently to public attention the facts 
regarding this important movement. In 
eight hundred institutions of learning the 
claims of world-wide missions are frequent- 
ly brought to the attention of students, and 
there are two hundred and fifty classes for 
the special study of missions. Two results 
are that many more are ready to go to mis- 
sion fields than the Boards are able to send, 
and that the missionary contributions of 
students have increased from $5000 a year 
to $40,000. A student volunteer culti- 
vates the habit of systematic giving and the 
ability to do Christian work at home. 

A Monument to Lincoln. — When the 
mountain people of Cumberland Gap pro- 
posed to erect a statue in memory of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, Gen. O. O. Howard said: 
"Set a living monument there, not one of dead 



stone. Plant a great educational tree, its 
fruit-laden branches reaching out to the four 
States. That will be a fitting monument." 
The suggestion has borne fruit, and an insti- 
tution for the education of the young men 
and women of the mountain district is 
to be established at Cumberland Gap, known 
as the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Univer- 
sity. General Howard is at the head of 
the enterprise. It is announced that the 
directors have in their hands property 
valued at $100,000, and that Washington 
and Tusculum, two Presbyterian institutions 
in East Tennessee, are to come in under 
the university charter. 

The Salvation Army. — The number of 
institutions opened by the Salvation Army 
for the relief of the poor in this country 
has increased from fifteen in 1896 to sixty- 
two in 1898. General Booth states that in 
Great Britain the Army is attempting to 
remove, after selection and training, a 
certain proportion of the submerged popula- 
tion to some colony, where land is abundant 
and the population limited. He says he 
came to study this question and to confer 
with Commander Booth-Tucker about the 
" farm-colony" in California, and the scheme 
to transfer to unoccupied territory some of 
the overwhelming populations of the great 
cities. 

Methodist Federation. — The joint com- 
mission of representatives of the Methodist 
Episcopal Churches, North and South, at 
its recent meeting discussed plans of federa- 
tion. The resolutions adopted called upon 
the two General Conferences to order the 
preparation of a common hymn book, cate- 
chism and order of worship, and to provide 
for the union of the two Ep worth Leagues; 

191 ~ 



192 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



[March, 



recommended the joint administration of 
the publishing interests of the two bodies in 
China and Japan ; and suggested the advisa- 
bility of a cooperative administration of 
missions in foreign lands. Methodist jour- 
nals, North and South, express great 
satisfaction with the result accomplished by 
the commissioD. 

A Christian Official in Siam. — That 
must have been an impressive scene in a 
Buddhist temple at Cheung Hai, when a 
native Presbyterian elder who had been 
made a member of the court, the highest 
official rank ever bestowed upon a person 
not of noble birth, was inducted into office 
with his hand on a copy of the Bible. The 
Siamese commissioner who administered the 
oath of office, who is also a Christian, said 
that during the ceremony he thought in his 
heart all the time of Jehovah God and 
Jesus Christ, instead of the idols before 
whom the others were bowing. 

An Epidemic of Crime. — The advance 
in crime in our country, says the Herald 
and Presbytery one of the most startling 
features of the age in which we live, is 
largely the result of strong drink. He 
who does something to stay the power of 
the liquor traffic does something to save 
human life, for time and eternity. Infidel- 
ity is another factor to produce murder and 
suicide. Breaking down the sense of moral 
responsibility and accountability, it has been 
bold to declare in favor of self-destruction 
when circumstances became unduly adverse 
and depressing. The law of God is the 
only safe rule for human life, and only he 
who has regard to God has safety and 
peace. 

Mormon Propagandism. — Distance 
from Utah, writes Eugene Young, in the 
Independent, is not likely to protect the 
religious people in the East from an active 
interest in the Mormon problem. The 
" Latter-Day Saints," having gained con- 
trol of the State in which their governing 
body sits, and being freed from the necessity 
of fighting the Federal government, have 
revived their missionary work in the East. 
There are one hundred and forty mission- 
aries in New York, New Jersey, Connecti- 
cut and eastern Pennsylvania, with head- 
quarters at Brooklyn. Their plea to the 
people is based on the assumption that there 



was a general apostasy of Christians in the 
early centuries, that the true gospel was 
taken from the world, and that it has been 
restored through Joseph Smith. When 
questioned about polygamy they assert that 
the custom has been abandoned. The Mor- 
mon hierarchy has secured a haven of rest 
by getting Statehood for Utah. It has 
broken the promises of political freedom on 
which it gained this boon ; but the average 
devout Mormon excuses all such things by 
the belief that these breaches of faith have 
helped the kingdom of God on earth. The 
two Senators from Utah were elected 
through Mormon influence. The same is 
true of the two Senators from Idaho. Colo- 
rado has a growing Mormon population. 
The politicians of Arizona and New Mexico 
have learned that they must truckle to the 
Mormon vote. There is danger in these 
things for American institutions. 

China Awakening. — Dr. W. A. P. 

Martin writes in a recent article of the in- 
tellectual awakening — partly the effect of 
missions, partly the result of successive de- 
feats — which is beginning to show itself; 
and declares that no more is it possible to 
extinguish that dawning light than it 
would be to turn back the chariot of the 
rising sun. Not only is it true that to the 
poor is the gospel preached — the time is at 
hand when the learned and the influential 
will come to our missionaries in quest of 
science and carry away the gospel. 

A correspondent of the Chicago Record 
reports a new movement of progressive 
Chinese women. Three native young 
women, educated at the University of Mich- 
igan, persuaded ten Chinese ladies, the 
wives of mandarins of the highest rank, to 
invite fifty foreign ladies, the wives of con- 
suls, merchants and missionaries, to be their 
guests at luncheon at a restaurant in the 
suburbs of Shanghai, mostly frequented by 
foreigners. The purpose was to discuss 
ways and means for the establishment of a 
school in that city in which the daughters 
of the nobility may obtain a modern educa- 
tion. At the close of the luncheon, which 
was served in European style, the company 
listened to what is believed to be the first 
public speech ever delivered by a Chinese 
woman of rank. She asked for the cooper- 
ation of the ladies of the foreign colony in 
the establishment of a school in the native 



1898.] 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



193 



section of Shanghai, similar to the school 
for peeresses established at Tokyo by the 
empress of Japan. Because of ignorance 
and inexperience their plans were not 
formed; but they were anxious that their 



daughters should have advantages that had 
been withheld from them, and begged the 
foreign ladies who had knowledge of such 
affairs to aid them. 



"Without the regular visits of The 
Church at Rome and Abroad I should 
not feel myself properly qualified to belong 
to the Presbyterian family.' ' This is the 
testimony of a subscriber in California. 



The number of American Presbyterian 
women laboring on the foreign field under 
the care of the Board is 426, of whom 241 
are wives of missionaries, and 185 are sin- 
gle, 20 of the latter being medical mission- 
aries, and the remainder teachers and 
evangelists. 

A pastor in New York writes : ' ' Each 
number of The Church at Home and 
Abroad is more interesting than its prede- 
cessor. I have especially enjoyed the stress 
in the February issue laid on the unity of 
the work of the Church. It is a point I 
have tried to keep mindful of." 



Rev. W. H. Weaver, D.D., whose 
work in behalf of the Freedmen's Board 
was mentioned in the January issue, spent 
nearly two months in Philadelphia and 
vicinity, presenting in many churches his 
pictorial exhibition of the Board's work 
among the Negroes of the South. The in- 
formation given in th:" i attractive manner is 
sure to result in awakening a permanent 
interest and increasing the contributions. 



A little group of a dozen people seated 
in a circle in a church parlor, provided with 
literature of some sort, deeply absorbed in 
their work. This is what a writer in the 
Occident reports that he saw recently. 
Looking more closely he discovered several 
copies of The Church at Home and 
Abroad and other periodicals. It was 
the Committee on Ministerial Relief, plan- 
ning for the next prayer meeting which 
they were to lead, and at which they were 
to present the interests of this agency of 
our Church. The session several months 
ago divided the entire membership into 




John Hall, D.D., LL.D. 

eight committees, one for each Board, and 
assigned to each a month. December fell 
to the Committee on Ministerial Relief. 
It is the business of the committee to secure 
all the available literature on the subject, 
and, having informed themselves, to bend 
their energies to inform other members of 
the church about it. During the week 
before the Sabbath when the offering is 
made for this work, they distribute num- 
bered envelopes to each member of the 
church and Sunday-school. Good results 
have followed the adoption of this plan. 
Members formerly inactive are now wide 
awake and busy; interest in church litera- 
ture is growing; the prayer meeting room 
is tested to its fullest capacity ; the offerings 
have been increased fivefold and the 
church has taken on a new life in all its 
departments. 

Pastor Osborne, of Fayetteville, N. 
Y., desiring to get missionary information 
into the minds of the people who do not 
frequent missionary meetings nor often read 
missionary literature, has adopted the plan 
of a "missionary prelude." Every Sun- 



194 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



[March, 



day, just before the sermon, a brief, com- 
pact statement is made of some up-to-date 
matter relating to missions. On a recent 
Sunday the prelude had reference to China; 
and two facts, one from the Congregation- 
alist, the other from the Church at Home 
and Abroad, were mentioned as evidence 
that China is becoming more accessible to 
Christianizing influences. The following 
subjects have recently been presented : 
1 ' The Point Barrow Mission and Missiona- 
ries," "Dr. Sheldon Jackson and the Rein- 
deer Relief Expedition," "The Memory of 
Marcus Whitman," "Dr. E. E. Strong's 
Finance Figures," "The Missionary Pur- 
pose of Prince Oscar and Princess Ebba." 
They were chosen for their freshness and 
present interest rather than with reference 
to any systematic plan for explaining 
Presbyterian missions. That will come 
later. 



The Cumberland Presbyterian reporting 
recent bequests to the Board of Missions of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, says 




Duncan J. McMillan, D.D. 



that inquiry developed the fact that in one 
case at least the bequest was the result of 
agitation of the missionary cause by the 
pastor and others. " This suggests," con- 
tinues the writer, " the importance of wide- 
spread popular instruction on the needs and 
importance of missions. More and more 
as pastors preach missions and as the people 
read about missionary work and workers, 
will such bequests and gifts become com- 
mon. In exactly the same way will the 
financially capable be persuaded to endow 
our colleges and increase the funds of our 
other general enterprises. Pastors should 
recognize it as a duty, the performance of 
which is imperative, to lay before their 
wealthier members the claims of the Church 
at large, claims not alone for recognition in 
wills, but for liberal benefactions from the 
living as well." 

When Dr. McMillan, after filling with 
great acceptance for eight years the office of 
corresponding secretary of the Board of 
Home Missions, presented his resignation, 
the Board expressed hearty appreci- 
ation of his faithful and efficient 
services and testified to the estimable 
traits of personal character which 
had endeared him to his associates. 
Dr. McMillan's whole ministerial 
life has been spent in home mission 
labor. The pioneer of educational 
and evangelistic work in Utah, he 
was able to furnish Senator Ed- 
munds with needed information 
about the Mormons. He was fear- 
less, uncompromising, and had the 
courage of his convictions. Many 
are familiar with the oft-repeated 
story of his preaching with two re- 
volvers on the pulpit. From 1883 
to 1890 he was president of the Col- 
lege of Montana. Valuable contri- 
butions to the history of Presbyterian 
home missions from his pen may be 
found in the bound volumes of this 
magazine. It is with sincere regret 
that The Church at Home and 
Abroad parts with this genial, 
warm-hearted brother, for several 
years our editorial correspondent. 
But his life has been dedicated to 
home missions, and it will be a pleas- 
ure to hear of his zealous, faithful 
labor in the place to which he may 
he called. 



1898.] 



KEY. WILLIAM C. CATTELL, D.D., LL.D. 



195 




William C. Cattell. D.D.. LL.D. 



REV. WILLIAM C. CATTELL, 
D.D., LL.D. 

The beloved pastor, college president and 
corresponding secretary completed his life- 
work on Friday morning, February 11, 
1898. He has seized his immortal crown 
and commenced the triumphant song of the 
redeemed in glory. 

Was there ever a man in our American 
Church endowed by nature and grace with 
finer sensibilities, a more genial disposition, 
or a more noble soul ? We have never 
known a man more universally beloved 
by all who know him than this wonderful 
man. 

Dr. Cattell was born in Salem, N. J., 
on the thirtieth of August, 1827, graduated 
at Princeton College in 1848, and at Prince- 
ton Seminary in 1852. For two years he 
acted as Associate Principal of Edgehill 
Seminary, at Princeton, and for five years 
was Professor of Latin aDd Greek in La- 
fayette College. He was ordained to the 
ministry by the Presbytery of Newton in 
1856, and in 1860 accepted a call to the 
Pine Street Church, Harrisburg, Pa., 
where he remained three years, when he 
was elected President of Lafayette College. 
In 1883 he was elected Corresponding Sec- 
retary of the Presbyterian Board of Relief 



for Disabled Ministers. This position he 
occupied for eleven and a half years. 

Dr. Cattell occupied other positions of 
honor and trust which we have not space to 
refer to as this magazine is just going to 
press and its space is occupied. The editor 
makes room for this brief notice of the life 
and personality of one of the most distin- 
guished men of this generation, who was 
earnest, devoted, conscientious and success- 
ful in every department of literary and 
ecclesiastical work which he ever undertook 
to perform, and his life is sweet with fragrant 
memories. 

As a husband and father, no one could 
more highly appreciate the sweet sacredness 
of the family relation, or be more tenderly 
thoughtful of the loved ones at home. As 
a Christian, he beautifully adorned the life 
the Master commands us all to live. As a 
man of affairs, he had the singular ability of 
adapting himself to the demands of his 
situation. When called to consecrate his 
energies to any special vocation, by his 
natural endowments, his sunny cheerfulness, 
his indomitable persistence, his unflagging 
fidelity, he accomplished a wonderful life- 
work, for which his name will ever be held 
in most grateful memory. 

B. L. Agnew. 



196 



IN THE INTEREST OF MI8SION8. 



[March, 



IN THE INTEREST OF MISSIONS. 

General John Eaton, LL. D. , who is thoroughly 
familiar with the facts of Alaskan history and has 
repeatedly written upon these matters for the 
periodical press, presents to the readers of the 
Chubch at Home and Abroad in the following 
letter two considerations that are worthy of care- 
ful thought. 

Washington, D. C, Jan. 27, 1898. 
Mb. Editor: 

We have gone far enough with Dr. 
Jackson's plan of establishing reindeer 
herds in the Arctic regions of Alaska 
to be sure that they are not only the 
means of saving natives from starvation — 
their milk and meat furnishing food ; their 
skins and entrails, clothing; their bones, 
horns and hoofs, implements; those trained 
to the harness, the best transportation for 
those regions — but that the care of these 
herds furnishes the industrial schools for 
the natives for a new order of life. From the 
government herds and training, a supply of 
deer and trainers is to go to each of the 
respective mission stations until the possi- 
bility is within the reach of every man of 
owning deer and having the skill for their 
care and use; thus each family may become 
self-supporting, and in time each commun- 
ity may be taught English and Christianized, 
and learn to support, as elsewhere, their 
own churches. 



These communities are to be brought 
into communication with each other and 
with the outside world by the use of 
deer for transportation and the establish- 
ment of mails. Thus this work aims not 
only to save souls, but to save bodies by 
preserving the life that now is, as a means of 
gaining hope of the life to come. 

Recent developments make it plain that 
this work was begun and the principles 
involved were settled none too soon. In 
order to save the 600 whalers in danger 
of perishing in the Arctic ice, the deer 
available for food have been taken on the 
one hand, and on the other the deer 
trained to the harness for transportation of 
supplies to save the imperiled miners. This 
depletion of the herds, unless replenished 
by the adequate appropriations of Congress, 
must arrest the progress of the plan, pre- 
vent the schooling of the natives in new 
conditions, and prevent the supply of deer 
for the greater demands of the future. Do 
not the demands of Christianity and of 
patriotism unite in urging needed appro- 
priations by Congress ? Shall not Christian 
citizens say this to their congressmen ? 

There is another peril to Alaskan missions. 
Christian people are familiar with the results 
of the Christian efforts of William Duncan, 
a layman, in raising from savagery to civili- 
zation the Metlakahtla community. They 




Sitka Mission. 



1898] 



MISSIONS IN ALASKA. 



197 




Totem Poles. 

also know that this community, to avoid the 
troubles with which they were overtaken on 
Canadian soil, were transferred almost 
bodily to the small Island of Annette in 
southeast Alaska where, by act of Congress, 
they were assured of possession and protec- 
tion. Their continued progress in all that 
constitutes Christian civilization there is 
well known. They are a self-supporting, 
well-ordered community, each member 
pledging himself to " cease from sorcery, 
from gambling, from the use of intoxicat- 
ing liquors," promising to " observe the 
Sabbath, to attend religious instruction, send 
their children to school, to build neat houses 
and pay the village tax, to be liberal and 
honest in trade." Perhaps there are 800 in 
this community. Now miners have found 
gold on the island and attempted to stake 
out their claims, and having been ordered 
off by the Secretary of the Interior for this 
violation of law, they have had two bills 
offered, one in the Senate and one in the 
House of Representatives, authorizing this 
invasion of the island; thus, as any one 
must see, destroying the Christian com- 
munity of the natives. Is not the duty of 
Christian citizens plain ? 

Respectfully, 

John Eaton. 



MISSIONS IN ALASKA. 

Nearly fifty years ago Mr. William H. 
Seward declared in the United States 
Senate: " The Pacific Ocean, its shores, its 
islands, and the vast regions beyond, will 
become the chief theatre of events in the 
world's great hereafter." 

It was through the influence of Mr. Sew- 
ard, then Secretary of State, that the 
United States in 1867 purchased Alaska 
from Russia for $7,200,000. Many 
laughed at the idea of " buying an ice- 
berg," and " the great land," with its 
531,000 square miles, was called " Seward's 
folly." Mr. Seward, however, expressed 
the belief that this purchase would one day 
be looked upon as the great act of his life. 

Alaska is Switzerland over again, and 
more, says Dr. Field, for while Switzerland 
has the Alps, Alaska has its Alps, with the 
Pacific Ocean thrown in. It is the com- 
bination of the boundless waters with the 
everlasting mountains that gives such 
grandeur to this western coast of North 
America. 

A tourist who has visited all accessible 
portions of Europe, Asia and America says 
there is no other such combination of 
scenery on the face of the earth as in Alaska. 

It was not until 1877 that any effort was 
made by citizens of the United States for the 




Russian Church, Sitka. 



198 



MISSIONS IN ALASKA. 



[March, 




T3 o 



3 « 



53 o 
fee t» 



O 3 

c 



U9S.] 



MISSIONS IN ALA8KA. 



199 




Mrs. A. R. McFcirland. 

moral elevation of the 30,000 inhabitants of 
this vast and far-off land. In that year, 
Dr. Sheldon Jackson, accompanied by Mrs. 
A. R. McFarland, set out to establish a 
mission in Alaska. At Fort Wrangel they 
found that Philip McKay, an Indian 
convert from a Methodist mission in 
British America, had already established a 
school, and was holding religious services. 
Mrs. McFarland took up this work, and 
for nearly a year she was the only white 
woman in the country. As an outgrowth 
of this faithful work a church was organ- 
ized at Fort Wrangel in 1879. 

After forty years of home missionary 
service, twenty of which were spent in 
Alaska, Mrs. McFarland has now retired 
from active labor. 

The Alaskan tribes are described as 
"good-natured, bold and self-reliaat. They 
never steal from a guest. An unguarded 
house is respected and a deer may with 
safety be left hanging on a tree. Family 
honor and clan pride are the strongest 
influences in their life, and to meet the 
demands of these they will make any sacri- 
fices." 

The natives of southeastern Alaska are a 
provident, industrious, self-sustaining peo- 
ple. They have from the first favored and 
welcomed every effort for their civilization, 



the establishment and maintenance of 
industries and the education of their chil- 
dren. 

In his report for 1894, Governor Sheakley 
said: " The Alaskan Indian is entirely 
self-supporting, is industrious and thrifty, 
receives nothing from the government, asks 
for nothing, wants nothing; and it is to be 
regarded as a blessing that he be not demor- 
alized and pauperized by government aid." 

Dr. Jackson tells us that the native races 
of Alaska are exceedingly religious. They 
refer all events, great and small, to an influ- 
ence supernatural. If a man makes a good 
catch of fish he does not say, " How skill- 
ful I am, ' ' but, ' ' A good spirit helped me 
to-day." If a hunter comes with little to 
show, he does not say, " I have had bad 
luck," but he will tell you, "Bad spirits 
drove all the animals away, or disturbed mv 
aim." 

A tradition of the crucifixion is held by 
a tribe at Point Barrow. A native told 
Prof. Stevenson that a man who had lived 
long ago was killed and put into the 
ground, and a few days after rose again. 
He said he had it from his father, and his 
father from his grandfather, and he did not 
know how many generations it had been in 
the family. 

The reports of our missionaries abound in 
striking incidents and encouraging facts. 




Hyder John's House. 



200 



MISSIONS IN ALASKA. 



[March, 




Juneau, Alaska. 



A chief who was anxious to have a mis- 
sionary sent to his people, came to Sitka and 
remained nearly a year that he might learn 
about God and the way of salvation. Pie 
and his wife were received to the Church. 

A boy who came quite a distance to Sitka 
said a boy who had been at the Industiial 
School and returned home had told him 
about Jesus, and he had come to learn more. 

One of the boys who came to the Sitka 
mission to get away from his friends, who 
almost forced him to drink whisky, after he 
had been about a year in the school, 
remained after the prayer meeting one 
evening. In reply to Mr. Austin's ques- 
tion, * ' What do you want ?' ' he said : ' ' I 
want to get ready to eat God's food " (the 
Lord's Supper). 

A native of Yukatal, who came to Sitka, 
seemed hungry for the truth, and would 
spend hours talking on some Bible subject. 
He was always happy, so that they called 
him the " happy Indian." When bap- 
tized, he took the name Henry, and after- 
wards returned to Yukatal, where he was so 
active in witnessing for Christ that several 
of his people came to Sitka and stayed 
several months to hear the gospel, because 
of what Henry had told them. 

He finally surprised Mr. Austin by his 
unexpected return. After a long conver- 



sation he said : " I have not had the Lord's 
Supper for a long time and I have put no 
money in the basket. " As he said this he 
took out his purse and put four silver dol- 
lars on the carpet. The money was sent as 
a special gift to help pay the debt of the 
Home Board. 

The census report for 1894 says religion is 
doing more to keep the natives within peaceful 




Sheldon Jackson Museum. 



1898.] 



MISSIONS IN ALASKA. 



201 



pursuits than all the combined forces of 
military and civil government; and adds 
that too much cannot be said of the men 
and women who are laboring to bring these 
people to a higher plane of civilization. 

One missionary testifies that Alaskans, 
who were given to drunkenness, rioting and 
sensuality, have been transformed by the 
power of the gospel into sober, orderly and 
pure-minded Christians, observing the 
Lord's day and enjoying the means of 
grace. 

A visitor mentions this as an impressive 



sight: " The difference between Fanny 
Willard, our native teacher at Sitka, her 
beautiful face beaming with joy and love, 
and the unchristianized, bent, worn crea- 
tures whose faces were disfigured with lamp 
black and fish oil, and made more hideous 
with tabrets piercing the chin, and to think 
that Fanny was a few years ago a heathen 
child on the ranch at Fort Wrangel !" 

Fanny Willard was a promising pupil 
in the Fort Wrangel Home, under the care 
of Mrs. McFarland. Her native name was 
Shik-sha-ni, but her mother called her 



o H d 



g. o 

o' p 







202 



MI88IONS IN ALASKA. 



[March, 



Fanny, and Miss Willard, of Auburn, 
N. Y., who aided in her education, gave 
the child her own name. In 1885 she was 
placed in a school in Elizabeth, N. J., 
where she was a general favorite, winning 
the love and confidence of all. She re- 
turned in 1890, and as teacher and in- 
terpreter has rendered invaluable service. 

The work begun by Mrs. McFarland 
has developed and the Presbyterian Church 
is now engaged in missionary work at Sitka, 
Juneau, Chilkat, Fort W range], Jackson, 
Hoona, St. Lawrence Island and Point 
Barrow. The schools and homes, under 
the care of the Woman's Board of Home Mis- 
sions, have been very successful. From the 
Sitka Training School, where besides class- 
room instruction the girls are trained in 
household industries and the boys are taught 
carpentry, shoemaking, blacksmithing and 
coopering, many well -equipped men and 
women have gone out who are a power for 
good among their own people. 

The Presbytery of Alaska was organized 
and held its first meeting September 14, 
1884. It reported to the General Assem- 
bly in 1897 eight churches, eight hundred 
and forty communicants, seven hundred 
and thirty-five Sunday-school scholars. 

When Dr. and Mrs. Marsh set out for 
Point Barrow, Dr. Jackson said that was 



the hardest place on earth to which a mis- 
sionary could go; that there was no place in 
Siberia or Africa more inaccesible. 

Living, as we do, in populous communi- 
ties, writes the Rev. Dr. ; Henry M. Field, 
we can hardly comprehend the awful 
silence and loneliness of the Arctic Circle. 
The situation of missionaries is, in some 
respects, worse than that of exiles in Sibe- 
ria, for the exiles can at least have the com- 
panionship of sorrow. But some of our 
missionaries are literally out of the world. 
They receive a mail only once a year. 
Months may pass without seeing a familiar 
face. In one case, a missionary was left 
alone among the Eskimo for a whole 
winter. At last there came a party of 
natives with a dog which had been given 
them by an English trader, and for want of 
other company, the poor missionary trudged 
over the snow every day, as he expressed 
it, " to talk English with that dog." 

Dr. Jackson reminds us that the heroic 
men and women who thus shut themselves 
out of the world and calmly face year after 
year a polar winter, who brave the fanati- 
cism and superstition of ignorant and bar- 
barous people that they may carry to dark 
and wretched northern homes the light and 
joy of the gospel, deserve our sympathy 
and our daily prayer. 




Alaskan Women, with Trinkets to sell to Tourists. 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



HOW ONE CHURCH WAS FINISHED. 

[From a Sermon upon Church Erection.] 
A. S. FJ8KE, D.D. 

I once made a tour as chairman of the 
Home Missionary Committee of the Synod 
of the Pacific in a section of California. 

The sprightly little village of Cayucas 
had undertaken to build a Presbyterian 
church, had got it up, roofed and enclosed, 
had been ambitious to make their only 
church edifice comely and commodious. 
But the year had proved a hard one. They 
had done their utmost — could go no further 
— would not go in debt, and there it stood 
unpainted, unlalhed, unfurnished, unused. 
I had secured the promise from the Board of 
Church Erection of 8600. Backed by this 
unexpected pledge, notices were scattered 
far and wide of an all- day Sunday service. 

People were to come in with their lunch 
baskets from the country, and the villagers 
were to bring their dinners to the church 
and we were all to lunch together there 
between the services; and they came in 
crowds and packed that shell of a church 
sitting on planks placed on boxes, and 
listened, as if hungry, to the gospel. 

Then the planks were made into tables 
and we had our acquaintance-making lunch. 
Afterwards the sittings were rearranged for 
the afternoon service. 

I told them there was an announcement 
to be made, and action taken on it, to be 
followed by a sermon if the announcement 
was well received. 

The amount necessary to complete and 
furnish the building was $1800. After 
prayer and song and Scripture I told them 
I would provide for the completion of every- 
thing about the church, one dollar for every 
two which they would subscribe provided we 
secured the full amount needed. 

Enthusiasm leaped into possession of the 
throng. One man who had already given 
$150 duplicated his gift. He was not a 
member of that or any other church. I 
immediately pledged my $75. Quickly 
one after another followed, I dropping in 
the one dollar from the Board for every two 
from them till inside of fifteen minutes the 
whole thing ivas done, and the congregation 
rose and broke out into a magnificent Wes- 



tern cheer and " tiger," amid swinging of 
hats and handkerchiefs and tears of joy. 
Then we sang the old ' ' Praise God from 
whom all blessings flow," not a whit more 
religiously than we had joined in the cheer 
which I think rose acceptably to heaven. 

I then preached exultingly to a congrega- 
tion whose exultation was infectious. 

I remember a concert troupe which was 
having a camping vacation in the hills ten 
miles away, which came in by special invi- 
tation to help us in our service of song, and 
how they wondered and were carried away 
by the enthusiasm and made handsome cash 
contributions to the work, dedicating for 
that day at least their sweet trained voices 
to sacred service. 

I rejoice in the memory of that as one of 
the great days of my life. Every few 
weeks I see notices in the Occident of the 
progress of that brave and devoted little 
church of Cayucas, which will never forget 
its great day of sacrifice and of triumph.* 

PRACTICAL WISDOM OF SUCH AID. 

The practical wisdom of this form of 
home missionary aid is so clear, I wonder 
that any church or Christian can fail to aid 
it with his whole heart and most liberal gifts. 

It warms to energy churches discouraged 
by long struggle; it inspires to confidence 
and sacrifice for Christ's kingdom; it gives 
the visible symbol of permanence ; it enlists 
the cooperation of the community ; it gives 
them a house in and about which to rally; 
it pledges them to perpetual gifts to all the 
benevolent enterprises of the Church at 
laige; it hastens self-support; it converts 
an annual almoner into an annual contrib- 
utor; it makes the lonely little church feel 
the throb of the mighty heart of the great 
body to which it belongs; it fulfills the 
command of our Lord to bear the burdens 
of the weak; it gives the strength of a con- 
scious independence. 

The difference in effectiveness between a 
hampered, homeless, vagrant church and 
one settled in its own comfortable religious 
home ought to be impressive to all common 
sense. The difference between an annuity 
of $500 and a gift of $500 which so often 

* This must have been in 1881, and the church 
has sent a contribution to the Board in every year 
but four since that date.— E. N. W. 

203 



204 



HOW ONE CHURCH WAS FINISHED. 



[March, 



does the business once for all ought to be 
perceptible to every financier. 
'^This system of aid brings into use of the 
Presbyterian Church from three dollars to 
five dollars for every one granted ; by its 
mortgage secures it to church use forever 
and by insurance secures it against calamity, 
so that this Board has never lost a dollar's 
worth of property created under it, and its 
every grant secures a perpetual income for 
aid of other churches and of every great 
enterprise for the evangelization of this 
country and the world. 

It is my long-settled judgment that no 
moneys contributed by the Church serve 
better the evangelization of this republic 
and mankind than do those contributed to 
The Board of Church Erection. 

A WISER APPORTIONMENT NEEDED. 

Wise proportion has much to do with 
efficiency in gift. This Board is part of the 
great home mission work. Its funds ought 
to bear a larger proportion to the whole 
volume of home missionary funds in order 
to economy in the whole work. Home 
missionary money is spent needlessly when 
it is spent on houseless churches which 
housed would take care of themselves. In 
many an instance $500 given ten years ago 
would have saved $4000 expended by the 
Home Board in annual aid. In many 
more, $500 in aid of building this year 
would release $4000 which will else have to 
be provided in the next ten years to keep 
the unhoused church alive. 

As a law of home missionary economy 
the Church Erection funds should provide 
for housing within three years after organi- 
zation every one of its new churches. Fail- 
ure in this is an unwise and wasteful use of 
the funds of the Church. These 800 un- 
housed churches ought, so far as there is the 
promise of a future for them, to be at once 
stimulated to build by proffers of aid ; for 
the two hundred churches a year which we 
ought to be founding we ought to make like 
provision. For the wise administration of 
our home missions for the next ten years 
the Board of Church Erection ought to be 
the channel for the distribution of fully one- 
quarter of the funds now given through it 
and the Home Mission Board. It ought to 
use $300,000 per annum instead of a little 
more than $100,000. The $200,000 addi- 
tional so used would be worth as much to 



the Church as an added half million to the 
funds of the Home Board, as things now 
stand. This proportion the Boards cannot 
regulate, but the churches only. 

But less than one-half of our 7631 
churches give anything to this cause; in the 
year '96-' 97 only 3500. Few give any- 
thing like their wise proportion in this 
direction. The General Assembly calls for 
$150,000 this year. Even it has not risen 
to a due sense of the relative importance of 
this form of work and for four years the 
gifts of the churches have been falling off. 

Imagine this church (Temple Memorial 
Church, Washington, D. C. ), old, estab- 
lished, stroDg in numbers and influence, 
attempting to get on without its own house 
of worship, peripatetic from Court House 
to Library Hall, from Library Hall to 
Opera House, alternating with scandal cases 
and tobacco juice in the Court House, with 
political speeches in the Hall and theatrical 
and minstrel shows in the Opera House. 

But we could get on better than a weak 
little church in a Western town where there 
are no reputable and commodious halls 
and the church is trying to establish itself. 

How can they hold the fort for the Mas- 
ter when they have no fort to hold ? 

These little churches of fifteen, twenty, 
forty members are made up of those who 
have gone West poor, to make homes and 
fortune. They are brave sons and daughters 
of Eastern homes or strangers from far-off 
lands. They are in the midst of abounding 
and luxurious wickednesses and worldliness, 
tugging to lay foundations for Christian 
towns, cities, states, imperial futures. Our 
national destinies turn upon their success or 
failure; their success or failure depends 
largely on their power to house and to 
maintain Christian forces. 

THE OPPORTUNITY OFFERED. 

I trust you, friends, to do this day with 
generous enthusiasm all the good God ena- 
bles you for this, one of the worthiest and 
which ought to be and yet will be one of 
the largest of all our Church beneficences. 

Let no man call this a begging sermon ! 
Our Lord never goes a ' ' begging ' ' nor 
uses beggars for his agents. I simply set 
before you a magnificent work which ought to 
kindle your enthusiasm and waken you to 
sacrifice; give you the coveted opportunity 
to do what you can for weal of man, security 
of this republic and crown of Christ. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

Contribute Through the Board. 

The masses in our Presbyterian churches 
can have but little idea of the embarrass- 
ments which the Board of Foreign Missions 
encounters in the wide dissipation of what 
are supposed to be in a certain sense contri- 
butions for the general cause of missions. 
Until sixty years ago the Presbyterian 
churches in this country had made their 
contributions toward foreign missions 
through outside rather than through their 
own Church organizations. Until the year 
1825 the Presbyterian churches of Scotland, 
though enlisting earnestly in the work of 
foreign missions, had also worked through 
voluntary societies. One branch of our 
own Church continued this policy even down 
to 1870, at the time of the Reunion. But 
in the sixty years during which our Assem- 
bly has directed its own missionary work a 
wonderful advance has been made. With- 
out a resort to special collecting agencies 
the Presbyterian Church has reached a 
larger measure of gifts than any other 
denomination in this country, and its ad- 
vance in all lines and departments of 
missionary work has given to our Board a 
high place among the missionary organiza- 
tions of the world. But it is not easy to 
overcome old habits, and while much has 
been done the Church has come very far 
short of what it might have accomplished 
with greater concentration upon its own 
fields and lines of effort. It is universally 
known that the Presbyterian Church has 
less of esprit du corps in the prosecution of 
its work than any other Protestant denomi- 
nation, and it has become a proverb that 
Presbyterians are " God's foolish people." 

Perhaps it is a matter of heredity that 
multitudes still seem to feel that it is better 
to contribute through some other channel 
than to build up the work of their own 
Board and sustain their own army of 700 
missionaries and 2000 native preachers and 
helpers. 

Within the last two decades particularly, 
outside enterprises have been multiplied, all 
of which look largely to the Presbyterian 
churches for their support. Some of these 



are doing an excellent work ; others are 
doing a good work, but at a very large per- 
centage of cost ; of others little can be said ; 
and of still others much might be said in 
their condemnation. They all have the 
advantage over the regular work of the 
Board, in that they raise their funds by direct 
personal solicitation, an expensive plan of 
operation which the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions cannot afford. 

Shall the churches drift back to the old 
methods notwithstanding the splendid suc- 
cess which their own organized Board has 
reached ? Shall the idea of depending upon 
the special pleas and importunities of col- 
lecting agents more and more prevail, or 
shall there be a rally, a calling into line of 
the scattered forces, and a more solid march 
to victory be commenced ? 

Mr. Luther D. Wishard. 

The inroads made upon the contributions 
of Presbyterians by believers in various 
outside enterprises have been especially 
felt in the cutting off of the larger gifts of the 
wealthy. It is to this class particularly that 
these appeals are made. Carefully prepared 
lists of I he men and women who are known 
to be large givers are in the hands of skillful 
solicitors, and if the officers of the Board 
have occasion to send an appeal to such 
contributors, they find that other enter- 
prises, the skillful presentation of which has 
been made a special study, have been pre- 
sented in person, and that the ability to give 
has been exhausted. 

It is in view of the fact that the wealth 
of the Church, largely in the hands of a 
limited number of individuals, is not subsi- 
dized for the cause of foreign missions, that 
a gentleman in the West, himself a generous 
giver, who is personally supporting two 
missionaries, has offered to the Board an 
amount sufficient to cover the salary and 
travel expense of a solicitor who shall per- 
sonally appeal to wealthy men, as outside 
agents are already doing. The Board has 
accepted the offer and Mr. Luther D. Wis- 
hard is now employed for this purpose as an 
experiment. We ask for him a cordial and 
hearty welcome, and if his work shall result 
in drawing the support of wealthy Presby- 

205 



206 



NOTES. 



fMarch, 



terians, not only now but permanently, 
toward their own authorized missionary 
work, the investment will be profitable 
indeed. 

The Late Rev. J. C. Melrose. 

Another earnest witness for the truth in the 
Chinese empire has been called from his 
earthly service at the early age of thirty- 
eight, in the person of Rev. J. C. Melrose, 
of Nodoa, Hainan. 

Mr. Melrose had spent seven years in this 
great island field, and for four years had 
been at the interior station, Nodoa, where he 
had borne as the senior of the station great 
responsibility. The testimony which is 
given to his fidelity and his genial Christian 
spirit is unanimous on the part of the mis- 
sionaries in Hainan not only, but in the Can- 
ton Mission. 

Mr. Melrose was the first of the mission- 
aries of the Presbyterian Board to fall at 
his post and to be buried in Hainan. 
Three little children, however, one of whom 
was his own, had already made it a sacred 
place in the hearts of missionary households 
bowed with grief. 

Mr. Melrose graduated from McCormick 
Theological Seminary in 1890, and, after 
being married to Miss Margaret Rae, sailed 
for his field full of high hope. He has 
made a beginning only, but it has been a 
good one. He has left a deep impress upon 
the hearts of the Chinese as well as upon 
those of the missionary circle. His widowed 
wife, whom the testimony from the field 
represents as a true and earnest missionary, 
has resolved to continue the work which she 
and her husband had begun, after a period 
of rest and recuperation in her native land. 
Meanwhile, she has upon her hands and 
heart the charge of two little sons, who 
mourn with her their great and unspeak- 
able loss. 

Foreign Missionary Conference. 

The sixth annual conference of the For- 
eign Missionary Boards and Societies in this 
country and in Canada closed January 13. 
This year it received the hospitality of the 
Methodist Episcopal Board. There were 
fifty-seven present and twenty- one Boards 
and Societies were represented. 

As the century draws to a close missionary 
interest very naturally increases in our Mis- 
sionary Boards in this country and in Great 
Britain. Nothing can exceed the interest 



which attends these gatherings. The spirit 
of mutual comity never rose higher, and 
there is a general disposition among the 
Boards to help each other, and above all 
to avoid interference with work already well 
established and well prosecuted. 

The Baptist Missionary Union is no 
exception to this general feeling of comity, 
notwithstanding the fact that independent 
movements, originating with a few promi- 
nent pastors of Baptist churches, have been 
considering the question of inaugurating 
Baptist missions in Persia, where already an 
excessive number of Missionary Societies 
are guarding the field. There are not too 
many missionaries and certainly only a tithe 
of the present work can be done ; but it is 
easy to so multiply different organizations 
and varying policies as to do positive harm. 

The Coming Ecumenical Conference. 

There is a feeling quite prevalent among 
the frieuds of missions in this country that 
as each great organization has its annual 
meeting to sum up the work of the year, so 
once in each decade at least all Societies 
should unite in holding an ecumenical con- 
ference, so that along all the ramparts and 
outposts the cry may run, " Watchman, tell 
us of the night, tell us what its signs of 
promise are.' ' So numerous are the agencies 
now employed that without some such effort 
it is impossible to gather up the total results 
and to gain from them that stimulus and 
encouragement which they are well calcu- 
lated to give. Those who attended the 
Mildmay Conference of 1878, or the still 
greater gathering held in Exeter Hall, 
London, in 1888, found all their concep- 
tions of the advance made by the kingdom 
of Christ in the world transcended by facts 
there presented, and by the gathering of 
representatives from all parts of the world. 

Two great conferences having been held 
in Great Britain, it is clearly the duty and 
privilege of America to invite the next 
convocation, and accordingly the Interde- 
nominational Missionary Conference of 1897 
appointed a committee consisting of Rev. 
Judson Smith, D.D., Rev. F. F. Ellin- 
wood, D.D., Rev. S. W. Duncan, D.D., 
Rev. A. B. Leonard, D.D., Rev. H. N. 
Cobb, DD,, Rev. A. J. Palmer, D.D., 
Rev. A. Sutherland, D.D., Hamilton 
Cassels, Esq., Rev. W. R. Lambuth, 
D.D., Rev. W. W. Barr, D.D., Rev. R. 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



207 



M. Somerville, D.D., to take preliminary 
steps toward the inauguration of a great 
conference to be held in New York during 
the last ten days of April in the good year 
of our Lord 1900. Invitations have been 
sent by this committee to different mission- 
ary organizations in different parts of the 
world, — Great Britain, the European conti- 
nent, the great colonies of Canada, India, 
Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, etc., 
etc., and the responses to these invitations 
have been prompt and general and most 
hearty. 

The committee have felt the necessity, 
which was also felt in 1888, of limiting the 
sphere of discussion to the one common work 
of foreign missions. The different Chris- 
tian nations are engaged in multitudes of 
benevolent enterprises within their own 
bounds, but it is the work which they are 
doing for the regions beyond that is to be 
taken account of in this great conference. 
And the one question, however ramified 
and specialized on different lines, " What 
shall the Christian world do for the heathen 
world ? " is to be held up before the Church 
and pressed home upon her conscience 
through the sessions of not less than ten days. 

It is easy to see that such an undertaking 
may prove a great success or a great failure, 
and that if success is to crown the effort 
there must be constantly present the inspir- 
ing and overruling Spirit of God. It is a 
great thing to invite representatives of the 
Christian cohorts, some hundreds in number, 
which are marching under the one Great 
Commission, to come to our shores to unite 
with us in prayer and conference over this 
greatest of all possible enterprises in which 
man can engage. No secular spirit, no desire 
to illustrate our hospitality, can bring success 
or even win respect. It would even be more 
foolish than the folly of that old king of 
Israel who invited his powerful neighbors to 
look upon his treasures, and brought disaster 
instead of glory. The different Christian 
denominations must vie with each other in 
their zeal and effort, and most important of 
all, earnest prayer should be offered in the 
interval, that God by his Spirit will make 
this occasion worthy to close the century and 
pass the threshold of another, for whose 
glorious success we devoutly pray. The 
things which will be necessary are first, 
the collection of facts and statistics, the 
gathering up of all the forces, direct or 



subsidiary, which are helping forward the 
cause of missions, careful examination, 
also, of the obstacles and difficulties to 
be overcome, the results and encouragements 
thus far attained. There must be also a 
careful review of methods. The question is 
often asked whether new methods might or 
might not well be adopted, whether the old 
ones are not worn out or inappropriate. On 
the one hand, it were unwise to simply 
pursue them because the status quo was easier 
and the old ones present smooth rules for 
our listless action, while on the other hand, 
it would be equally undesirable to adopt 
every new plan or method which has the 
merit of novelty. 

Careful reexamination seems imperative; 
then there can be a fresh start. If old 
methods are retained it will be done after 
careful consideration and comparison. Pre- 
vious conferences brought abundant proof 
that no substitute had been found for the 
simple gospel of Christ. 

A Monday Ministers' Meeting. 

On Monday, January 10, a remarkable 
interdenominational missionary service was 
held in the Fourth Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, Rev. John R. Davies, D.D., pas- 
tor. It was a very fitting link, so to speak, 
between the services of the week of prayer 
which preceded and the gathering of the 
interdenominational missionary conference 
which immediately followed. It was the 
usual Ministers' Monday Meeting, with the 
special aim of promoting foreign missions. 
This meeting has been held for many years 
in the Fourth Avenue Presbyterian Church, 
and was especially fostered by the late Dr. 
Howard Crosby, predecessor of Dr. Davies. 
On the occasion just referred to, the large 
auditoriun was well filled, and apparently 
nearly all were ministers embracing several 
Protestant denominations. On the pro- 
gram were the names of Right Rev. Bishop 
Andrews, of the Methodist Church; Right 
Rev. Bishop Potter, of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church ; Rev. Dr. Faunce, of the Baptist 
Church; Dr. Burrell, of the Reformed 
Church; Dr. Pentecost, of the Presbyterian 
Church; Rev. Dr. Albert Erdman, of the 
Presbyterian Church, and Dr. Stimson. of 
the Congregational Church. Bishop Potter 
at the last moment was detained, much to 
his own regret and that of all others, but 
otherwise the program was carried out. 



208 



NOTES. 



[March, 



The Scriptures were read by Dr. Erdman, 
and an earnest prayer for missions was 
offered by Dr. Stimson. Then came four 
grand missionary addresses. Seldom has 
the tide of missionary interest risen higher 
than on this occasion. 

Bishop Andrews gave a masterly review 
of the great events by which in the provi- 
dence of God the world has been opened to 
the gospel, presenting in vivid light the 
favorable contrasts between the present con- 
dition of the world, notwithstanding un- 
toward events in the East, and that of any 
previous period in the world's history. 

Then came Dr. Faunce with a finished 
and able address, designed to show the 
abundant ability of the Church to respond 
to the call which the open doors of the 
world present. 

Dr. Burrell showed that the moral and 
spiritual welfare of the Church at home is 
best promoted by obedience to the Saviour's 
last command. 

Dr. Pentecost dwelt upon the need of the 
Spirit's power in the work of missions, but 
earnestly impressed upon the minds of his 
hearers that pentecostal effusions of that 
power were in our day to be realized not by 
waiting in an upper chamber for a stored-up 
blessing as did the apostles of old, but while 
actually on the march. Praying and 
working must go together. The time is 
gone by for a kind of pietism which is also 
quietism, and which concerns itself chiefly 
in spiritual frames. It is on the field and 
in the midst of the battle that the Spirit 
descends and nerves the heart and the arm 
of the Church for conquest. 

We are sure that every one who attended 
this service left the house with the firm 
belief that a model ministers' meeting had 
been held. It was in fact a buckling on of 
armor. 

A New Standard in Beneficence. 

Perhaps the most important lesson which 
has been taught to the Church by the large 
contributions of missionaries toward the 
debt of the Board is the new measure of 
giving, the new estimate of what duty calls 
for and of what it is easy to give when once 
attempted. Everything depends upon one's 
estimate of the call and the duty, and his 
adjustment of the amount given to that 
measure. The same person who has come 
to think that the call for missionary contri- 



butions is frequent and heavy, when perhaps 
his total for the year is less than a dollar, 
will feel that a hundred dollars can be 
spared for a summer excursion, or that forty 
or fifty dollars would not be extravagant for a 
new dress. Fifty dol I ars a year is not thought 
large for cigar bills, when a silver half 
dollar placed in a collection for foreign 
missions would give a feeling of self-satis- 
faction, as being really a generous response 
to the call. In the time of the Civil War 
a young man of very limited means could 
pay three or four hundred dollars for a 
substitute to take his place at the front. 
Fifty things might be mentioned among the 
expenditures of the average Christian pro- 
fessor, for each of which ten or twenty 
times as much is given as for the great 
purpose of evangelizing the benighted 
millions for whom Christ died. The reason 
for this is not at all one of ability, but it lies 
in one's widely different conceptions of 
things. A million members of the great 
Presbyterian Church have averaged during 
the last year something less than eighty 
cents per capita for the Board of Foreign 
Missions, considerably less if we exclude 
receipts from legacies left by those who 
have gone before. But 450 missionaries, 
after having given very liberally for the 
relief of famine sufferers, or for native pas- 
tors and helpers who would otherwise have 
been dismissed, or for the continuance of 
schools which were on the point of being 
closed, have given on an average over twenty 
dollars each for the debt. 

Perhaps it would not be far out of the 
way to suppose that foreign missionaries 
receive about an average income, if the 
very wealthy of the Church be included 
with the poor. Were the members of the 
Presbyterian Church to contribute twenty- 
five dollars each for foreign missions, the 
result, of course, would be twenty -five 
millions of dollars, or if they were to 
average ten dollars each for the evangeliza- 
tion of a lost world, surely not an unreason- 
able figure, and were to continue that from 
year to year, ten millions of dollars instead 
of eight hundred thousand would represent 
the available power of the Church for its 
great missionary work. What would be 
the result if ten millions were annually 
given out of the abundant wealth of the 
Presbyterian Church ? Ten missionaries 
might be employed for every one now in 



1898.1 



PUNISHING THE CAUSE OF TRUTH. 



209 



the field, and other forms of work would be 
increased tenfold. New territories would 
be occupied. Doubtless the example of 
Presbyterians would reach other denomina- 
tions. A new estimate and a higher scale 
would be adopted all along the line of world.- 
wide conquests, and what would be the reflex 
influence upon the Church at home ? Such 
a movement, such a reality of consecration 
would do more to establish the faith and 
key up the spiritual life of the Church than 
all the tomes of discussion. A grander and 
more convincing apologetic would impress 
itself upon the unbelieving world, Chris- 
tianity would be keyed up to a degree of 
power which it has never known. This new 
scale of giving which the missionaries have 
furnished will enter into history. It shows 
what can be done, and it ought to revolu- 
tionize the estimate of all Christians as to 
their power for doing good. The question 
is, Will it be so considered and taken to 
heart ? It may be a stimulus and a bless- 
ing. It may be disregarded and prove a 
savor of death unto death. 



MISSIONAKY CALENDAK. 

ARRIVALS. 

December 15— At St. Peter, Minn., from the 
Mexico Mission, the Kev. and Mrs. William 
Wallace and child. 

January 11— At New York, from the West India 
Mission, Miss Kachel Irwin. 

January 18— At New York, from the Brazil 
Mission, Miss Mary P. Dascomb. 

DEATHS. 

December 25— At Ichowfu, China, Miss Anna 
M. Larson, M.D. 



PUNISHING THE CAUSE OF 
TRUTH. 

All around the borders of each Christian 
congregation of considerable size and age 
there is a fringe of dead membership, com- 
posed of persons who have absented them- 
selves from the communion table, and prac- 
tically withdrawn from the church on 
account of some disaffection toward a 
brother member, whose course of conduct 
was made a pretext. Such personal ani- 
mosities not only result in general injury to 
the whole cause of Christ, but often amount 



to spiritual suicide. There is no problem 
which pastors are called to meet which is 
more difficult of solution and adjustment 
than this. The same thing often appears in 
relation to benevolent contributions, and 
especially those which are made for the 
cause of missions. Offense has been given 
in some quarter and resentment must be 
shown somewhere. Subjectively there is the 
satisfaction of administering it, though 
without much careful thought as to where it 
falls. In effect it is thrown upon the cause 
of Christ. Perhaps a missionary whose 
support had been assumed has been delin- 
quent in correspondence, or some traveler 
has reported undue luxury as found at a 
certain mission station, and the decision of 
the rather lukewarm reader is to make no 
further contributions to foreign missions. 
Meanwhile, the offending missionaries pass 
unhurt. 

There are always supposed causes of 
offense of one kind or another, and perhaps 
never more than at the present time. Pos- 
sibly a missionary commissioner at the 
General Assembly has voted on the wrong 
side, and somebody at once decides to give 
no more to the cause of foreign missions. 
Or offense is taken at some action of the 
Board, and the same conclusion and pur- 
pose are reached. Possibly the General 
Assembly itself has taken some action from 
which there is personal dissent, and forth- 
with the one common resort is decided upon 
— no more money for the mission Boards of 
the Presbyterian Church. 

Now the difficulty in all this sort of thing 
is that the supposed punishment falls not 
upon the offending parties, but always upon 
the cause of the Redeemer, and Christ is 
wounded again and again in the house of 
his friends. When the final account is 
called for, the plea, if honestly given, for 
burying or withholding the one talent, will 
be, not that the complainant had known 
Christ as a hard Master, and therefore had 
hidden his talent, but that some fellow-dis- 
ciple or disciples had in some way been at 
fault, and therefore their accuser had 
decided to hide his talent altogether. 

The strangest thing about this whole mat- 
ter is that the pastors, who have experi- 
enced endless trouble with such defections 
in their own flock, sometimes forget and 
adopt the same method of procedure with 
respect to missions. 



210 



HENBY HAREIS JE8BUP, D.D. 



[March, 




HENRY HARRIS JESSUP, D.D. 

Of the Syria Mission. 

Henry Harris Jessup was born on the 
19th day of April, 1832, in Montrose, 
Susquehanna county, Pa. 

He was the fifth of eleven children of 
Hon. William Jessup and his wife, Amanda 
Harris, and under their Christian influence 
professed, at the age of eleven years, that 
faith in Christ which every later experience 
only served to deepen. 

After preparing at Cortland Academy, in 
Homer, N. Y., he entered, in 1847, Yale 
College, from which his father had gradu- 
ated in 1815. During his course he was 
influenced by the visits of Stoddard, the 
Persian missionary, and by the burning 
words of Prof. Goodrich in the college 
monthly concerts to dedicate himself to the 
Chiistian ministry. He graduated in 1851, 
and one year later offered himself to the 
foreign missionary work and entered Union 
Theological Seminary, graduating in May, 
1855. 

He went out under the American Board 
as a missionary to Syria, on December 12, 
1855, declining three tempting offers that 
had been made him, one of which was the 
pastorate of the Western Presbyterian 
Church in Washington, D. C, another the 



presidency of Liberia College, and the third 
the post of chaplain to the American colony 
at St. Petersburg, tendered him by Gov- 
ernor Seymour, then United States ambassa- 
dor. 

Upon his return in 1857 to be married to 
Caroline Bush, of Branchport, N. Y., he 
was offered the professorship of Old Testa- 
ment Literature in Union Seminary, as well 
as the pastorate of a church near New York 
city at $5000 a year. But he was already 
wedded to his life work, and declined. ^ 

From his return in April, 1858, he has 
been identified with the Syria Mission, 
particularly with the work in Beirut, and 
has taken an active part in every feature of 
such work — been identified with all its 
educational departments, teaching in the 
theological seminary, translating many 
books, particularly those of Rev. Richard 
Newton, into the Arabic language, editing 
a newspaper, preaching, and in all the 
varying forms of missionary activity exert- 
ing a powerful influence, and endearing 
himself to the hearts of the people with 
whom he has so long lived, which regard 
has been manifested in many touching 
ways. 

His work on " The Women of the 
Arabs," published in this country, was a 
means of awakening an interest in the 
social conditions of that land, which has 
resulted in great good; and the Board of 
Publication is about to bring out a brief life 
of Kamil Abdul Messiah, the Mohamme- 
dan convert whose activity in missionary 
work among his brethren, particularly 
among the Bedouins in Beirut, was so won- 
derful and so lamentably brief. 

In 1865 Princeton College conferred the 
degree of D.D. upon him. 

Upon the transfer of the Syria Mission to 
the Presbyterian Board in 1870 he was 
elected as secretary, but declined to give up 
his active missionary work. 

By the General Assembly which met in 
Saratoga in 1879, he was elected Modera- 
tor. 

In 1883 he was asked to accept an ap- 
pointment as United States ambassador by 
President Arthur, but declined by tele- 
graph, and in the same year he declined the 
position of district secretary of the Tract 
Society in Chicago and the Northwest. 

We present the most recent photograph 
of Dr. Jessup, taken in Washington on the 



1898.1 



A PICTURE AND AN APPEAL. 



211 



occasion of his last visit to this country. It 
will be followed by portraits of other veter- 
ans of our missions. 



A PICTURE AND AN APPEAL. 

REV. A. A. FULTON. 

The colossal fabric of heathenism is sus- 
tained by the systematic contributions of 
millions of deluded worshipers, in the vain 
hope that prostrations before wooden idols 
may bring some alleviation of their wretched 
existence, or propitiate the wrath of wander- 
ing spirits, and obtain for themselves great 
future felicity. 

Extending immediately before me, 
from the foot of this high mountain spur 
towards the distant river, lies the city of 
San Ui, in the helplessness of a degrading 
idolatry — as utterly helpless and hopeless, 
so far as any eternal hope is concerned, as 
the most abject Armenian before the ferocity 
of a brutal Turk. Here are two hundred 
thousand souls, densely compacted, and with 
the exception of a few score of Christians, 
as wholly given to the miserable, worthless 
practices of idol worship as their ancestors 
were a thousand years ago. 

All round, on every hillside, and in every 
valley, are thousands of graves, the burying 
places of the millions that have passed away 
in utter ignorance of him who " brought 
life and immortality to light.' ' 

Only four miles to the east lies the city of 
Kong Mun, with a population of one hun- 
dred and fifty thousand, while more than 
500 other villages, all visible from this 
mountain, not one in ten of which has ever 
been entered by any Christian. 

And yet these villages are all open to 
Christian workers, and may be visited and 
the gospel made known, provided the 
Church will send the messengers. 

The district of San Ui lies south from 
Canton, distant about ninety miles, and has 
a population of more than 200,000 inhabi- 
tants. The city of San Ui is the district 
capital. One has only to attempt to walk 
through the streets, or rather, alleys, of this 
city to understand why missionaries need a 
furlough in seven or eight years. Narrow, 
foul streets, where pools of decaying matter, 
dirtiest garbage, pestilential vapors and 
malodorous smells make one wonder that 
pestilence does not sweep away every trace 
of human life. 



But this is only one of thousands of great 
cities, and in every city that I have visited 
may be seen the same foul streets, and 
wretched abodes, all destitute of the light 
of gospel truth. 

There is only one remedy, and this the 
Christian Church possesses. 

Weighed down with superstition, de- 
frauded by lecherous, lucre-loving officials, 
scourged more or less with famine or pesti- 
lence almost constantly, and free from a 
hard struggle with poverty never, the vast 
masses of the most densely populated empire 
on earth endure, suffer and die while the 
knowledge of the only remedy that can 
alleviate this misery is in the possession of 
the Christian Church, whose hundreds of 
millions are not their own, but are held in 
stewardship for the Master's use. 

WHAT SHALL WE DO ABOUT IT? 

How can we induce the Church to apply 
the remedy ? 

So terrible is the crisis, so blighting the 
disease, and so far-reaching in consequence 
of death in impenitence, that the perilous 
condition of these millions, once known to 
the Church, ought to arouse every Chris- 
tian, and call out the most liberal gifts to be 
applied in bold, unremitting, aggressive 
warfare against the powers of darkness. 
Spasmodic, intermittent efforts can no more 
avail against the entrenched bulwarks of 
idolatry, daily fortified by an expenditure of 
more than a million of dollars in China 
alone, than the occasional charge of a regi- 
ment of soldiers can wrench from England's 
grasp the rock of Gibraltar. 

With the few cents a month, the average 
contribution of the members of the Presby- 
terian Church to the greatest cause on earth, 
enough has been accomplished to demon- 
strate the beneficent results that would 
follow something like an adequate attempt 
to introduce to this smitten people a knowl- 
edge of the divinely appointed remedy. 

China was never in a more needy, helpless 
condition, never more ready to welcome 
light. Almost everywhere we can go, and 
preach freely, and find little opposition. 

Wherever native preachers are hammer- 
ing at idolatry, there the structure weakens. 
Idolatry would disappear from China in 
less than ten decades if the Church cuuld be 
brought into the aggressive attitude that 
marked her progress in the first and second 



212 



A PICTURE AND AN APPEAL. 



[March , 




Itinerating in China. 



centuries of struggle against the greed and 
lust of old Rome. How shall we hasten 
the triumph of our glorious gospel in this 
land ? Can we learn anything from the 
Chinese ? Surely we can. 

HOW THE HEATHEN CONTRIBUTE. 

Only a short time ago I walked along a 
street in this great city, and read a long list 
of names with amount of subscription given 
by each person towards the erection of two 
idol temples. The amounts ranged from ten 
dollars to twenty-live cents, and every house 
on the street was a contributor. The 
Chinese are deluded in their hopes, but they 
are masters in the art of getting something 
out of everybody when temples are to be 
built or evil spirits to be appeased, or threat- 
ening calamities to be averted by generous 
contributions for idol processions. 

For this reason I have loDg advocated a 
strong effort on the part of our Young Peo- 
ple's societies to maintain systematic contri- 
butions to our Foreign Board of Missions. 

I say maintain, for the measure of a 
power is not what it can do under strong 
appeal for a particular object, but what it 
can and ought to do all the year around, as 
long as millions of immortal souls are in 
bondage to monstrous systems of folly and 



absurdity. There is to be no discharge in 
this war. We are to fight to a finish, and 
that will be when the last idol goes, where it 
should have gone centuries ago, to make 
good fires or build good roads. 

What joy would come to lovers of missions 
ir 8350,000 were paid to-day into the 
treasury of our Foreign Board ? That 
would pay the salaries of a thousand native 
preachers, and build a dozen fine hospitals, 
and open hundreds of schools, and bring the 
gospel to millions who have no knowledge 
that such a remedy for their miseiy exists. 

That amount the Christian Endeavor 
Societies of our own Church might raise 
every year by an average contribution of 
two cents a week. It can be done, it ought 
to be done, and would be done if commit- 
tees were appointed in every society to bring 
the claims of the cause and value of the 
plan before each society. To urge every 
one to give one-tenth of their income to 
gospel work before any one has learned 
habitually to give two cents a week to such 
work, is like urging a child to walk before 
it has tried to creep. Train every one to 
give two cents a week, and every week, and 
the habit will lead to higher results. 

If one-half of the effort put forth to 
induce our young people to give an extra 



1898.] 



THE LATE MR. ANDREW HAPPER. 



213 



contribution of twenty-five cents to missions 
could be expended in urging the societies 
to adopt this plan of systematic giving the 
results would be a far larger sum of money, 
and a habit of giving that would forever 
make special appeals unnecessary. 

If the pastors of our churches could see 
this'city as it lies four-square with its scores 
of thou=and of souls, and scores of temples, 
and yearly expenditure of a hundred thou- 
sand dollars, utterly wasted, they would 
need no appeal from me. They would urge 
every Young People's society to preach to 
ten thousand yearly by paying the salary of 
a native helper at a sacrifice of two cents a 
week from each member. 



a debt of over $200,000, and a few months 
since a similar effort of the Baptist Mission- 
ary Union was crowned with the splendid 
sum of half a million raised for the same 
purpose. What will the coming report show 
for the Presbyterian Boards ? 



JUBILEE OFFERINGS. 

The United Presbyterian Church of Scot- 
land is in the midst of a movement, inaugu- 
rated during the last autumn, for raising a 
memorial jubilee orfering of $250,000, as 
a token of gratitude for the union of dis- 
severed branches of the Presbyterian 
Church, which was consummated fifty years 
ago. Already at the close of October 
$83,000 had been raised. The work was 
continued through November and December 
not only, but during the early months of the 
present year. Considering the membership 
of the United Presbyterian Church of Scot- 
land, this will be a grand effort if successful, 
as it will be without doubt. It is an inter- 
esting feature of the times that coincident 
with an increased interest in foreign mis- 
sions, as shown in the Lambeth Conference 
and in the Anglican Church Congress of 
Great Britain, and in various missionary 
gatherings held in this country, there has 
also been a general movement toward the 
raising of large amounts of money for the 
prosecution of the work. Missionary fervor 
which does not put its hand in the pocket, 
consecration which does not consecrate, 
amounts to very little, but these notable 
instances of doing one thing and not leav- 
ing the other undone, are full of promise. 

The above-named effort of the United 
Presbyterian Church of Scotland is but one 
instance out of many. The American 
Methodist Episcopal Church South has 
within a few months completed the pay- 
ment of a missionary debt, home and 
foreign, amounting to 8160,000. The 
Methodist Episcopal Church, North, is far 
advanced toward the entire liquidation of 



THE LA.TE MR. ANDREW HAPPER. 

Mr. Andrew Happer, son of the late vet- 
eran missionary, Rev. Andrew Happer, 
D.D., LL.D., at one time prepared himself 
for the Christian ministry, but from a 
sincere modesty and conscious sense of 
unfitness he turned aside to secular employ- 
ment, though he never laid aside Christian 
work. He was employed for several years 
in the customs service of China under the 
leadership of Sir Robert Hart. 

Mr. Hart had selected him in his own 
mind almost from his boyhood, so deeply 
was he impressed with the genuineness of 
his character and had finally promoted him 
to a full commissionership at Niew Chwang. 
Mr. Happer had been married about two 
years. The estimate in which he was gen- 
erally held in China is well expressed in the 
following words from a writer in the Chinese 
Recorder, December, 1897: 

" During Mr. Happer' s term of office at 
this port he closely identified himself with 
every form of evangelistic and philanthropic 
work. Not only did he from time to time 
attend the Chinese Sabbath service, thereby 
gratifying the members and setting a good 
example to the native staff, but occasionally, 
during absence at stations, he would supply 
my place, greatly to the delight and edifica- 
tion of all who heard him. 

" For such service as this he was well 
equipped by nature and by grace. The 
Chinese language was his mother-tongue, 
that is the Cantonese dialect. But long 
practice in Mandarin, the study of which 
he began at the age of sixteen, made him a 
proficient speaker in the northern dialect. 
If, again, it be taken into consideration that 
he was a graduate both of college and 
seminary at Princeton, N. J., it will be at 
once apparent that not one missionary in a 
thousand has such qualifications for his life 
work. A competent judge who heard him 
address the Chinese declares that it is a mis- 
sionary he should have been. And in fact 
it was only a conscientious scruple which 
none but a man of tender moral suscepti- 



214 



THE LATE MR. ANDREW HAPPER. 



[March, 



bility would have entertained which pre- 
vented him joining the ranks. 

" It is not generally known, perhaps, that 
during this transitional period in his career 
he devoted two years to evangelistic effort 
amongst the Chinese in California; and a 
similar work he carried on after his return 
to China — all at his own charge. 

" Eventually he joined the customs ser- 
vice, and here also his life was one of 
preeminent usefulness. Never did he fail 
to let his light shine in the dark places of 
official circles amongst a class for the most 
part inaccessible to the ordinary heralds of 
the cross. Such a bright example of un- 
affected simplicity, official probity and prac- 
tical godliness could not fail to affect power- 
fully all holders of office, and commend 
the doctrine of God our Saviour. 

" Whether in public or in private, Mr. 
Happer was emphatically the missionaries' 
friend. In fact, to be a Christian worker 
was at all times sufficient passport to the 
heart and home of himself and his estima- 
ble wife. It is no wonder that we feel as if 
one had fallen out of our own ranks. 

" I need not dwell upon the fact, already 
so well known to the public,, that hydro- 
phobia was the cause of death. When his 
medical attendant informed him of his criti- 
cal state he at once began with the utmost 



heroism to give directions regarding public 
business, and then to set his house in order. 

* ' When I went over to see him I found 
him tranquilly facing his fate, without the 
shadow of a fear — he only of all others 
betraying no emotion. He wished me to- 
tell the native Christians how he had 
enjoyed preaching to them. Evidently he 
esteemed it a great privilege. This was his 
parting message to them. Then he made 
inquiry after the spiritual welfare of one of 
our most prominent men. Nor did he fail 
in word, or deed, while consciousness lasted, 
to exhort the Chinese within his reach. 

"A great blank has been left in our little 
community, every one feeling that he has 
lost a friend. The customs service has lost 
a most efficient servant; and the cause of 
Christianity a staunch supporter and 
practical exponent." 

Perhaps the greatest lesson of all which 
the life of Andrew Happer has impressed 
upon China, is that of his well-known and 
exceptional moral purity. A man once 
connected with the American Legation in 
China said to the writer of this article, 
" Young Andrew Happer is the only 
unmarried man I know of in all China who- 
leads a pure and unblemished life." To- 
those who know China this is a distinction 
indeed. 




Dr. Corbett and Attendants. 



1898.] 



WHAT IS THE SUPREME AIM IN THE WORK OF MISSION8? 



215 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad. 

March. — Evangelistic Missionary Work. 

(a) The supreme aim. 

(b) Preaching the chief agency. 

(c) Christ the central theme. 

(d) The Holy Spirit the vitalizing power. 

(e) Itinerating labors. 

WHAT IS THE SUPREME AIM IN 
THE WORK OF MISSIONS ? 

When this question arises the first thing 
to do is to turn to the New Testament, (a) 
What was the Church commanded to do in 
the Great Commission of the Master ? (6) 
How did the apostles understand that Com- 
mission, and how did they go to work ? In 
what way did the Holy Spirit manifest his 
power, and what was the supreme inquiry 
raised by the awakened multitudes at Pente- 
cost ? The one answer is, The co?iversion of 
men to God through repentance and faith in 
Christ This was the point of emphasis in 
all forms of work. Instruction followed, 
organization of the churches came in due 
time. Various means of personal and 
mutual edification were used. Christian 
example in the daily life or the silent preach- 
ing was emphasized, but in all and through 
all the winning of men from the ways of 
sin and death to the free salvation in Christ 
was the paramount aim. Nor has this place 
of emphasis ever been changed. The work 
which God has most uniformly blest is that of 
winning souls and building them up in the 
faith and hope of the gospel. In our time 
the management of the school, the hospital, 
the asylum, the press, demands attention, 
and in some cases the work of exploration. 
The conducting of industrial schemes may 
be demanded, but all these are means to 
one end, the eternal salvation of men. 
That to which everything else should lead 
up and that pretty directly, is the conversion 
of those with whom the missionary has to do. 

The constant temptation is to regard 
means as ends. There is danger that he to 
whom educational work has fallen will more 
and more empasize the intellectual drill. 
Whatever of enthusiasm he has will be that 
of a teacher. This will be especially true 
if university examinations loom up in 
prospect, or if there be a rivalry with other 
institutions. The doctor is liable to become 



a healer of the body only, unless the para- 
mount worth of the immortal soul is deeply 
stamped upon his heart and life, and there 
is danger that the management of a mission 
press shall become a business merely. Even 
preaching may become professional on the 
mission field as well as in the home churches. 
Some months since a missionary, in writing 
of the temptations of the missionary life, 
spoke particularly of the tendency to settle 
down to ' ' some kind of desk work ' ' — 
something local and routine, which can be 
carried on at home and in the midst of 
one's family. Perhaps the weather is hot 
in the bazaar, or the indifference or the jeers 
of a heathen audience are annoying, or the 
discomfort of itinerating pleads with one to 
shrink into his shell and stay at home, 
when at the same time conscience repeats 
the divine commission, "Go!" It is per- 
haps not easy for those who remain at home 
to adequately sympathize with the missionary 
who feels the force of all these plausible 
sedatives, and yet realizes that all around 
him are millions of his fellow-men who, 
either saved or lost, will be launched into 
eternity within a generation. 

One of the most abused of all phrases and 
one in which are couched the most insidious 
self-excusing pretexts is " seed sowing." 
In the beginnings of missionary work in 
new fields, it is of course all planting and 
very little harvesting. The man who with 
soul earnestness struggles on year after year 
against all obstacles in the infancy of a 
mission is a grand spectacle. 

But when, in an old mission field, where 
the seed has long since been planted and 
where the harvest is ripe for an earnest 
reaper, the idea and the pretext of "seed 
sowing" may be a snare. It may be 
applied to a perfunctory routine of so- 
called " work," in which there is little 
earnestness. It may excuse a lack of 
efficiency and a barrenness of success which 
have no right to be excused. One of the 
secrets of a fruitful missionary service and 
one of the best tests of real earnestness is 
the degree of interest which is shown in 
personal effort man by man for the con- 
version of individuals. Timothy was in- 
structed to warn and instruct and win men 
" in season and out of season." But there 
are those who never put forth effort out of 
season, i. e., when they are not in the pul- 
pit or the teacher's desk or in some other 



216 



JUST ONE AT A TIME. 



[March, 



treadmill work, whatever it may be. Yet 
it is in face to face contact that one gets 
much nearer to the lost and needy soul 
whom he would win. 

The worst result of all follows when a 
missionary loses his faith in the possibility 
of real spiritual success and resorts to some 
new and easier method — some secular or 
humanitarian line of work. The one thing 
which needs to be felt both by missionaries 
on the field and by their supporters at home 
is that the gospel, faithfully and prayerfully 
proclaimed is still and ever the wisdom of 
God and the power of God unto salvation. 

The last twenty-five years of missionary 
work in China have known no laborer more 
prominent than Eev. Griffith Johns. What 
he thinks on this subject he has expressed 
as follows: 

" I do not decry commerce ; still I cannot 
shut my eyes to the fact that there is no 
power in British manufactures to save souls. 
I do not undervalue modern inventions and 
Western appliances; but I do not believe 
that China is going to be saved by the intro- 
duction of cotton mills, of foundries, and 
such things. What the Chinese must have, 
before they can advance in the path of true 
progress, are deep, deep religious convictions 
and acute moral sensibilities. What they 
need, above everything else, is the infusion 
into the national consciousness of a new 
individual life, and the transformation of 
the national character by the renewal of the 
individual mind. Without this they must 
ever remain the proud, untruthful, dishon- 
est, impure people they are; and material 
prosperity, in their present moral condition, 
would be a bane rather than a blessing to 
the nation." 

SHOE T B UT PITHY A ND GR A XDL Y 
ENCOURAGING. 

Pyeng Yang, Korea, 
December 29 t 1 - 
My Dear Dr. Ellinwood: I have just 

returned from two country trip* and hare the 
following report to mah : I visited forty-five 
places where Christians meet on the Sabbath 
to worship God. I baptized. 151 people and 
Ived Jj.55 catechumens. At twenty of 
these forty-five places the people have bought 
or built church buildings. 

Sincerely yours. 

Graham Lee. 



JUST ONE AT A TIME. 

HENRY T. MCEWEN, D. D. 

To reach every soul with the saving, sanc- 
tifying grace of our Lord Jesus Christ is the 
Master' s command and the Christian's duty. 
It is not simply a question of saving souls 
for eternity, it is also the only remedy for 
the ills of time. For this purpose millions 
of dollars have been expended in the erec- 
tion of church edifices and other millions in 
their maintenance. Foreign Mission Boards 
have undertaken this vast problem so far as 
the heathen world is concerned. Our 
rapidly growing West has called into being 
the Home Mission Boards. The surging 
tides of population in our great cities leave 
dense regions destitute not only of churches, 
but also of workers. To meet this crying 
need we have our City Mission Boards. 
Untold good has been done by the American 
Sunday-school Union and the more recent 
and splendidly aggressive Sunday-school 
work of our own and other Churches. 
Physical armies have had to be mobilized. 
Spiritual forces have also been mobilized. 
Gospel wagons traverse rural districts as 
well as cities. Gospel cars are now running 
in various sections of our land to reach the 
inrushing population. Missionary boats 
and launches have rendered valuable service. 
Their number ought now to be increased. 
In spite of all that has been done in the 
training and sending forth of clerical and 
lay workers, the prayer still is " send forth 
more laborers into the fields, white for the 
harvest. ' ' Progress, however splendid, has 
not yet overtaken fleeting opportunity. 

Some assertions are safe beyond all perad- 
venture or question. One of these I now 
make. God's and Christ's methods of 
reaching the people, if discoverable, will 
be the best The scientist's triumph is 
assured when he finds God's laws or ways of 
working. That moment experiment ceases, 
success is sure. Both God and Christ know 
how to attract and wield great multitudes 
of people. That was a memorable scene 
when Israel assembled on the plain between 
Ebal and Gerizim, heard the blessings and 
the curses, and responded with deep and 
devout Amen. Christ showed himself a 
master of assemblies when he taught and 
fed the five thousand men besides women 
and children. Such occasions are rare both 
in the Old and Xew Testaments. 



1898.] 



JCJ8T ONE AT A TIME. 



217 



Polytheism had become universal. Men 
believed in many gods and worshiped many 
idols. Looking at an evil so widely ex- 
tended, so deeply rooted, and so ruinous in 
its results, the last thing which would have 
occurred to us, as a means of overcoming it, 
would have been the delegation of one man. 
Invisible God and visible Abraham, these 
are the forces. This restorer of a lost faith 
was also to be the father of a mighty nation. 
This people was to inherit rich blessings 
and to transmit great truths. For the 
accomplishment of ends so vast and vital, 
the means seem utterly inadequate. God 
selects, confers with, and inspires one man. 
The masses are reached and moulded 
through a unit. That conference between 
God and Abraham was germinant reforma- 
tion and revelation. 

Centuries later, when this people are mil- 
lions in number and slaves in condition, 
God meets a lone shepherd on the plains of 
Midian and summons and sends him to be 
their deliverer. The wondrous thing that 
day is not the bush which burns and is not 
consumed, but infinite God talking with 
finite man. Study the scene. It is not 
Moses pleading with God in behalf of 
Israel ; it is God persuading Moses to under- 
take the task. Jehovah's " Certainly I 
will be with thee, ' ' is not sufficient to arouse 
this venerable man. God 13 going to 
emancipate his people. He does not call a 
crowd together to witness the strange specta- 
cle of the bush ; all centres for the time on 
just one reluctant man. Of the millions 
involved God works just then with one. It 
is a scene to make those reverent who in 
their zeal to reach and sway masses forget 
or neglect units. 

Delivered Israel has become degenerate. 
Moses and Joshua have long since passed 
away. Gideon crouching in or behind a 
wine press is threshing out wheat to hide it 
from the Midianites. From God Gideon 
receives his commission, sealed by a series 
of miracles, " Go in this thy might, and save 
Israel from the hand of Midian: have not 
I sent thee?" It is a misfortune, if we 
become so absorbed in the miracles which 
convince Gideon that he is called of God, 
as to overlook the fact that Jehovah takes 
time to reach one man. Later you read of 
victories and deliverances, but remember 
that all these come out of that conference 
between eternal God and faltering man. 



Surely you have not forgotten the day 
when Samuel, God's great prophet, obedient 
to God's command, waited in the home of 
Jesse whilst a messenger went to bring the 
ruddy David from leading sheep to be 
Israel's most renowned leader. To while 
away the tedium of the day, boy-like, he 
hurls stones unerringly with his sling. 
Poetry and music stir his soul and the harp 
throbs out its accompaniment to his own 
composition. Wild beasts attack his flock, 
and undaunted he slays a lion and a bear. 
We should never have thought of him as a 
candidate for a throne. " This is no school 
for a king. Why spoil a good shepherd 
with thoughts of royalty ?" God inspires 
him, protects him, chastens him, calls him, 
blesses him. It is a thought to thrill one, 
that divine personality meets human per- 
sonality. 

Jesus spent an entire evening with Nico- 
demus in personal work. His time was so 
short, his work so great. Many a trained 
worker of to-day would hesitate between 
an audience and an inquirer. That night 
brought not only Nicodemus to the cross, it 
also brought the world nearer to God. 
" God so loved the world that he gave his 
only -begotten Son that whosoever believe th 
in him should not perish, but have everlast- 
ing life." Till then, men had offered 
sacrifice. Now God offers the sacrifice. 
What a world of effort and of sorrow are 
saved when men learn that they need regen- 
eration , not reformation. That inquiry room 
has been a radiating centre all these centuries. 
Instead of scolding Nicodemus for coming 
at night, I hope some time to thank him 
that he ever came at all. The world is 
enriched. The sermon is a great power for 
proclaiming truth, but the personal inquiry is 
the best way to resolve doubt. 

Having spent an evening with Nico- 
demus, Jesus did not hesitate to spend 
part of an afternoon with a woman, and 
such a woman! To her he reveals the 
true nature of God, as Spirit ; and his 
own nature, as Messiah. We would 
have said it was " casting pearls before 
swine;" he thought of her as a lost sheep 
whom he would enfold. Saviour and 
sinner are face to face. He forgets his 
physical hunger and she her thirst. An 
interview with a forlorn woman by a way- 
side well becomes the occasion of a revival 
in Samaria. 



218 



JCST ONE AT A TIME. 



[March, 



The ninth chapter of Acts illustrates 
and enforces our theme. Christ did not 
send one of his myriads of angels to 
the imperious Saul. Stunned and blinded, 
to his inquiry there comes the sweet and 
wondrous message, " I am Jesus whom thou 
persecutest. ' ' The ascended Christ himself 
seeks to save the erring Saul. 

Philip had become a powerful evange- 
list in Samaria. Tidings of his success 
bad reached Jerusalem. The Church 
there sent Peter and John to inquire 
into and report upon the work. The 
good work was still in progress when an 
angel of the Lord commanded Philip 
to go toward the south. It was a long 
journey. It was a serious interruption. 
No assembled multitude awaited him 
there. He met the Ethiopian in his 
chariot, expounded to him the word, bap- 
tized him, was caught away by the Spirit so 
that the Ethiopian saw him no more. To 
clinch it all, Christ uttered the parable of 
the lost sheep. It was not enough that 
ninety and nine were safely enfolded ; that 



one lost on the mountains, exposed to the 
storm, in peril from beasts, must be found, 
ere the shepherd could rejoice. ' ' There is joy 
in heaven over one sinner that lepenteth." 

Sixteen years of pastoral work would 
have enabled me to fill all the space at my 
command with incidents drawn from my 
own experience. Ecclesiastical history 
teems with instances illustrative of the 
importance of wooing and winning one soul 
at a time. I know of nothing which ren- 
ders personal work so attractive, inspiring 
and sacred, as to meditate for a little while 
on the truth that it was the way God and 
Christ used in so many important cases. 
Face to face, the inquirer's question may 
enable you to remove his doubt. The 
sermon may have missed the mark which 
your well- aimed arrow can reach. Millions 
can talk helpfully to one who could do 
nothing in swaying audiences. Such work 
not only imparts blessings, it secures them. 
It is the work which the Church needs 
to-day. A revival of this divine method 
will revive the Church of Christ. 




Chinese House Boat. 



1898.] 



AN ITINERATION WiTH BULU ACCOMPANIMENTS. 



219 



AN ITINERATION WITH BULU 
ACCOMPANIMENTS. 

[Extract from "A Life for Africa," by Ellen C. 
Parsons, M.A., Editor of Woman's Work for Woman.] 

[Blessed is the man who, with the fire of gospel 
love in his bones, can yet cheer his weary spirit 
and reinforce his courage with a gleam of humor ! 
Let those who frown at small trials follow the late 
Dr. Good in this preaching tour. — Ed.] 

As I go from village to village the crowd 
increases, until they swarm behind and on 
both sides, forming a half-circle, of which I 
am the centre. As all are talking at the 
highest pitch of their voices, the noise is 
simply distracting. Out of the babel I 
catch such exclamations as " O my mother !" 
" Isn't he a beauty ?" " Is it really my- 
self?" "And am I dead?" and others 
that will not bear repetition. These from 
the ladies. The men are more dignified, 
but more disagreeable. They would crowd 
into the places next me, and as we went on 
through the towns would act as if they had 
me in charge, telling me when to stop and 
giving all sorts of directions. To the 
crowds of new-comers they would shout 
information about me and the object of my 
journey, so absurdly false that I often felt 
bound to stop and try to correct the impres- 
sion they were giving. This was not easy. 
If I said, " I have come to tell you about 
God, and not to buy rubber or ivory," some 
one who had heard rumors of what we teach 
would begin shouting an outline of our 
teachings, but such a caricature of the truth 
as made me shudder. 

Disgusted at last beyond endurance, I 
would attempt to silence the worst offender, 
usually the man who was following close at 
my heels, who for the last half-hour had 
been shouting information into my ears. I 
would turn and tell him that he knew noth- 
ing about me and that I should myself stop 
in a little while and talk to the people. At 
this he would laugh as much as to say, " I 
have gotten the ' thing' started to talk," 
and then shout to the crowd behind what I 
had said, as if it had been the performance 
of a parrot. By this time I was getting 
out of humor, and requested him in plain 
terms to keep quiet. At this he would 
laugh again, and shout to the people be- 
hind, " He says to keep quiet." Then I 
would explain, " It is not the people behind 
whose noise is troubling me ; it is you, who 



are walking close to me and shouting in my 
eais. " But it was useless; he would turn 
to the crowd and abuse them for making 
such a noise, shouting, if possible, louder 
than ever. 

Then, if I was wise, I gave it up and 
went on, allowing him to say what he 
pleased. But sometimes I was too angry 
to be wise, and I would get after the fellow 
and make him think, at least, that I was 
going to chastise him. Then he would at* 
last realize that I meant him, and would 
not speak above a whisper, and would try 
by gestures to keep others from doing so. 
Dead silence followed, save the noise we 
made in walking. Meanwhile we had 
arrived at another village, and you can 
imagine the result of the whole crowd walk- 
ing in silence and by frantic gestures giving 
the village the impression that I was some 
sort of a monster that might be rendered 
dangerous by the least noise. This was 
worse than noise, so I would explain that I 
had no objection to talking if they would 
not yell. Then they would start, again, 
softly at first, but little by little the volume 
increased till there was the same babel as 
before. 

Then the crowd clamor for me to stop, 
that they may take a good look at me. As 
I have reached the centre of the village, I 
accede to their request. Standing in the 
middle of the street, they form a circle 
around me, men in front, women for the 
most part behind and trying to steal up close 
to examine something without being ob- 
served. I turn my head, and at once there 
is a scream and stampede; but only for a 
moment; they soon return, but more cau- 
tiously. Silence, or something approaching 
it, follows, while all indulge in one long, 
intense stare, during which only a camera 
could depict the various expressions in their 
faces. Then we have a dog-fight. Every 
man's cur from all the villages we have 
passed followed his master, and the dogs of 
the village in which we are stopping object 
to their presence. 

Meanwhile the chief is not being noticed, 
and must make himself known. Stepping 
into the middle of the circle and raising his 
staff as if to chastise the crowd, he begins, 
in what seems a fearful passion, to abuse 
everybody for treating the white man in 
such outrageous fashion. As he is only talk- 
ing for the white man's benefit, I silence him. 



220 



AN ITINERATING TOUR. 



[March, 



Then comes a reqnest to remove my hat 
that they may see my hair. This reason- 
able request I always grant, and am 
rewarded by a chorus ot complimentary 
exclamations. Next, no matter how much 
I had been talking, some one would ask, 
" Can he talk ?" This question I would 
answer by some trivial remark, which 
would be received with a volley of laughter. 
Then they ask questions just to get me to 
speak. Then follow requests to take oft 
my shoes or other parts of my clothing, 
that they may see whether I was really like 
one of themselves; attempts to induce me 
to buy ivory or rubber, offers of marriage, 
requests for gifts, to show ray trade goods, 
compass, note-book, etc. 

When I thought their curiosity had been 
sufficiently sated, I would attempt to tell 
them why I had come among them, and to 
give them some idea of the gospel and their 
need of it. 

These scenes, with numberless variations, 
are repeated as we pass through town after 
town, till at last we must stop for the night. 
If only one could escape the noisy crowds 
then, that would nerve him to endure the 
babel of the day. But the worst is to 
come. I get a house, put my goods and 
carriers inside, and in order to give them a 
chance to unpack and prepare supper I slay 
in the street talking to the people. At last 
I am tired, and tell them they must go 
home and let me rest. Needless to say they 
do not go. As soon as I am inside the 
house they crowd round the door. If I 
shut it (the only opening in the walls of a 
Bulu house) it is quite dark ; besides, the 
cooking is being done over an open fire, and 
the smoke is suffocating. But it may as 
well be shut as blocked by heads and shoul- 
ders of the crowd. Sometimes I try reason- 
ing with them. " I want to be quiet and 
rest." " But we want to see you," they 
replv. "Is this a proper way to treat a 
visitor ?" " No," they all agree. " Then 



why don't you go away and leave me ?" 
" We want to see you." So I shut the 
door, preferring smoke to the crowd. Some- 
times I go out into the street and call to the 
people " whether I am to have a house, or 
whether I must go on to the next town." 
By this means I gain my point. At last I 
am in my smoky den, and the crowd shut 
out. But I am not hidden yet. When I 
light my tallow candle every crack and 
crevice becomes a peep-hole ; and I eat my 
supper knowing that eyes are watching 
every movement. 

Gradually the noise subsides, and appar- 
ently they have become tired and gone 
away; but only apparently. A few are 
waiting to see the white man go to bed, 
and they do not attempt to conceal their 
disgust when he blows out his candle before 
his undressing. 

Now I can stand this sort of thing for 
three or four days quite philosophically, but 
after about a week of it I become nervous 
and irritable. Certainly, if I should ever 
visit a menagerie again, and see a monkey 
with a crowd around its cage, exclaiming, 
as it scratches its head or takes a bite of 
food, " How funny! How very human!" I 
shall profoundly sympathize with the 
monkey. 

But I cannot stop here, or I shall give a 
false impression. All this is curiosity, not 
hostility or dislike. Impertinent and selfish 
it undoubtedly was, but everywhere the 
intention was to treat me well. And when 
I have been able to walk, with only two 
carriers, more than two hundred miles 
going and coming, through a part of Africa 
where a white man was never before seen, 
without meeting the first symptoms of 
hostility, certainly I ought not to complain 
if the people were unpleasantly curious. 
This trip has convinced me that anypru-' 
dent man can go as far as the Bulu lan- 
guage extends and preach the gospel without 
hindrance. 



AN ITINERATING TOUR 

MISS LETITIA W. MC CAMPBELL. 

The following is a description of an " Itinerating 
Tour" made by Dr. Jessie Wilson and Miss 
McCampbell through portions of the north and 
northwestern provinces of Persia : 

Thursday evening, May 13, at sunset, I sat alone 



in a low, miserable, fly-infested room of a caravan- 
sary. The capital, or so-called "City of the 
Shadow of God," lay sixteen miles behind me, 
while before, stretching in a long unbroken line 
toward the horizon, ran the post road. 

A lady of rank, traveling for her health, occupied 
an adjoining room. She was accompanied by a 
large retinue of servants. In the early evening, at 



1898.] 



AN ITINERATING TOUR. 



221 



her request, I visited her and improved the oppor- 
tunity of witnessing for the Master. 

The unfortunate occupants of the post-house 
found little sleep that night. The servants of her 
ladyship were either oblivious of or indifferent to 
the fact that there were other people in the house 
beside themselves, for they succeeded in keeping 
up'an incessant harangue all night. The next morn- 
ing, upon inquiring the cause of the disturbance, the 
reply was, ' ' At one time ' Her Ladyship ' desired 
a piece of roast lamb, and demanded the animal 
killed and dressed immediately. At another time 
she desired ice, and as none could be found, a 
quarrel ensued over who should ride to the city and 
back, a distance of thirty- two miles, for a piece of 
ice!" 

Our journey to Kasrun, a distance of ninety-six 
miles, occupied four days. There seemed to be 
little opportunity at the post-houses for evengelistic 
work, though there was sufficient discipline in 
those first four days to initiate one in the physical 
deprivations of an itinerating tour. 

Dr. Jessie Wilson joined me at Kasrun. We 
stayed at the mission house, then occupied by the 
family of Mirza Ali, a Moslem convert to Chris- 
tianity, whose wife had the reputation, at least, of 
being a Christian also, for, as one woman expressed 
it, " she trains her children 'lady' so well. She 
beats them all the time ! " I presented a pink 
muslin scrapbook to one of these poor ill-used 
children and was amused the following day to see it 
transformed into wearing apparel and serving in the 
capacity of a dress donned by the small infant, who 
with a triumphant air of importance strutted about 
the yard endeavoring to attract our attention. 
After looking at the pictures upside down, she 
quietly sat down and wet them out one by one and, 
then requested her mother to make her a short stiff 
skirt of the muslin, so that her dress might stand 
out like a woman's. 

In Kasrun the Babis tendered us a very cordial 
reception, received us into their houses and listened 
attentively to the reading of the Bible. Sunday 
afternoon we were invited to meet and read to the 
women in a neighboring garden, where a large 
company of women gathered to hear us. 

From Kasrun we journeyed toward Zenjan, 
visiting many villages and prolonging our stay at 
each as providence directed. Smallpox was prev- 
alent everywhere, and in two large villages we 
were dangerously exposed by the crowds of people 
who gathered around us — women carrying their 
children in various stages of the disease. In all of 
these Moslem villages we were impressed with the 
poverty, immorality and sensuality of the inhabi- 
tants ; however, there were some sobbing hearts 



even here, who, under the tattered garb of poverty, 
were weeping out their lives unsolaced and un- 
blessed. These sat at our feet and listened to the 
wonderful words of him who came ' ' to heal the 
broken-hearted." Oh, that we his servants might 
have a deeper knowledge of that love which 
yearned over the vilest sinner ; to hate as he did 
the sin, but like him also to love the sinner. 

At Sangalleh the women remembered a mission- 
ary lady who visited the village several years ago 
and read to them the same sweet stories from the word 
of life. At the latter place we found the crowd 
quite unmanageable, so that we were obliged to bar 
the gate ; but imagine our surprise when we be- 
held them, women and children, dropping down 
over our heads from the roof and pouring in from 
over the side walls. Dr. Wilson administered 
treatment in one corner while I tried to engage 
their attention in another with Bible stories. 

One evening at another village a man who had 
been ill for years came for medicine. He had 
heard of the lady physician's arrival, and getting 
on his donkey had traveled thirty- six miles to see 
her. With joy he heard that he could be cured, 
and, accepting with the medicine a tract, he went 
out into the night, carrying back with him an 
eternal weight of happiness. 

June 2, we reached Zenjan, a city on a hill, 
" beautiful for situation," surrounded by a fertile 
valley and large gardens. Entering the city from 
the south side, we passed through the bazars amid 
the din of anvils, as Zenjan is noted for its 
manufactures in brass. The ubiquitous and irre- 
pressible small boy was present as usual to announce 
the arrival of " A Franjee." It was about the first 
of the Moslem sacred year and the inhabitants had 
begun their preparations for the usual season of 
mourning for Imam Hosaine. We remained until 
after the 10th (Ashura) or day of bloody sacrifice, 
and were the guests of Mirza Mesrobe, a Tabriz 
helper stationed there. Mirza M. is a devout 
young man, filled with the graces of the Spirit and 
zealous in every good work. We had the pleasure 
of meeting many women during our two weeks' so- 
journ ; the number however would have been greater 
had our visit occurred at a more favorable season. 

From Zenjan we crossed the mountains toward 
the south and journeyed toward Bejai, visiting a 
number of Turkish villages where the inhabitants 
seemed cleaner and in many respects more inviting 
than those in the Moslem villages we had visited. 
Traveling at night to avoid the intense heat of a 
summer sun, we arrived at our "Manzil" in the 
early morning, at the hour of bread baking. With 
keen appetites we sat down and enjoyed our humble 
meal, consisting of bread served hot from sides of 



222 



AN ITIKEBATING TOUR. 



[March, 1898. 



the oven (a hole in the ground lined with plaster), 
together with a cup of tea and native cheese. Then 
followed the longed-for nap, the joy of which no one 
can appreciate who has not felt the weariness 
incident to traveling all night in the saddle. We 
could generally sleep in spite of everything and 
that is saying a great deal, when one recalls those 
vermine-infested rooms, sometimes a sheep cote, 
again a narrow porch, and at all times dense 
crowds standing about and peeping through every 
crack and corner. In one place we were taken for 
wild animals about whom some strange stories had 
been circulated ; in another they asked if we were 
dervishes, and in many others they concluded we 
were mullahs, our big helmets inspiring a profound 
reverence in the heart of the initiated and bliss- 
fully ignorant. In fact, as no foreigner had ever 
traversed this region before, it was often quite im- 
possible to convince them we were women, and even 
after uncoiling our hair many refused to be con- 
vinced, and drawing their chuddars about their 
faces would say : "They lie ! their feet are covered 
and faces uncovered like men ! " 

As we journeyed on through this wild mountain 
region, climbing those lonely heights through the 
long weary nights, ministering during the hot 
summer days as best we could to the souls and 
bodies of poor sin-sick women, we ourselves were re- 
freshed with many a rich token of his presence and 
love, and our hearts were filled with pity as we 
looked down into those prodigal faces so marred by 
sin that all traces of the God-likeness was obliterated. 
We tried to make the " story " plain and impress 
it upon their hearts, realizing as never before the 
words of the old familiar hymn : 

" Down in the human heart, 
Crushed by the tempter, 
Feelings lie buried that grace can restore ; 
Touched by a loving heart, wakened by kindness, 
Chords that were broken will vibrate again." 

We arrived at Bejai, where we spent ten very 
satisfactory days. We had only to announce upon 
arrival that we were friends and associates of Dr. 
Holmes, of Hamadan, when every door and heart 
opened to receive us, from the governor down to 
the humblest citizen. We occupied a small house 
in a large vacant lot, and there addressed daily 
audiences of two and three hundred people. The 
Jews were particularly accessible and listened 
attentively to the reading of the Scriptures. 
Through the courtesy of the acting governor, we 



received an invitation to attend the "Lamentations 
for Imam Hosaine ' ' at the House of Prayer. This 
was certainly an event worthy of special notice. 
We attended the service in company with^the 
governor's family and were shown great honor. 

Leaving Bejai, we again broke up house- keeping 
and were moving on toward Kurdistan, visiting 
en route several large villages. At one place our 
host refused to accept a fee for hospitality, saying 
as he did so, "You did not come to steal or rob 
me of my flocks and you are welcome to eat my 
bread." 

The journey to Sureh, the capital of Kurdistan, 
was a tedious and dangerous one through moun- 
tainous regions infested with robbers, but God in 
infinite love and mercy was faithful unto the end. 
In the secret of his presence we found peace and 
rest and quiet from even the fear of evil. We en- 
tered Sureh about noon and were shown pleasant 
apartments in the upper end of the city. After- 
wards a wealthy Chaldean merchant invited us to 
occupy rooms in his beautiful five-story palace, 
where we spent a very interesting two weeks among 
the Catholics, who received us cordially into their 
homes. 

Our stay at Sureh was prolonged owing to the 
illness of the Moh a-ta -mid's son, whom Dr. Wilson 
was attending as consulting physician. As the 
family was reputed to be the most influential in 
Kurdistan, we thought that it would be for the ad- 
vancement of God's kingdom, if a cure could be 
effected, so we knelt together and prayed that the 
Lord Jesus would glorify his name. The prayer was 
scarcely uttered ere the blessed assurance came, 
"I have glorified it and will glorify it." It was 
touching indeed to sit beside that bedside and 
watch the persevering efforts of the attendants to 
relieve the sufferer. When all hope had been 
abandoned by the family, a written prayer, bought 
of the priest, was soaked in water and the sacred 
prayer water sprinkled over the bed. But that 
heart above, in perfect wisdom, perfect love, was 
working for the best, and we hailed the day with 
gladness when the lad began to improve. 

From Sureh we journeyed toward Hamadan, 
speaking as we had opportunity by the way. 
Reaching Hamadan, we spent a most delightful two 
weeks in fellowship with the beloved friends there, 
and then started homeward, reaching Teheran, after 
an absence of sixteen weeks, having visited thirty- 
four villages and traveled over 628 miles. 



2- 




COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



GENERAL FUND RECEIPTS. 

April 1 to December 31, 1896, $12,872 02 
April 1 to December 31, 1897, 11,075 20 



Loss" in nine months of 1897, $1796 82 

This loss represents loss of interest on 
funds embezzled by the late treasurer, not 
loss of interest in the cause on the part of 
churches and givers. A little increase of 
gifts during March, each church and giver 
giving a little more than last year, will 
prevent a deficit. It is hardly probable 
that all will increase their gifts; will not 
some give especially generous help before 
the 1st of April ? 



TRAINING OF CHRISTIAN 
TEACHERS. 

WILLIAM M. BLACKBURN, D.D., LL. D. 

The teaching of Civics — the science of 
good citizenship — in the public schools is 
receiving marked attention. It is deemed 
necessary for the maintenance of public 
morality. Insubordination in the school 
may reappear in the State. When Congress 
is barring out foreign Anarchists, we want 
none of American birth. Here we may 
take high ground. " Civil law and order 
must be respected as something more than a 
human convenience or contrivance." 
There is room for an appeal to a higher law 
than the civil code. Who will make it in 
the school ? 

In many of our public schools there are 
teachers with the Bible on their desks. 
They wisely quote it as the source and basis 
of efficient morality. But it is there by the 
conscience of the teacher, the good sense of 
a school board, or the courtesy of the civil 
law; not by authority of the statute. How 
long will this presence by permission be 
granted to the Divine Law ? 

Many of these teachers were educated in 
State institutions where the Bible shines and 
Christian societies are maintained by the 
224 



same permission of the civil law and the 
good conscience of professors and students. 
But where is the assurance that these institu- 
tions will long continue to train and send 
forth Christian teachers ? The doctrine that 
the teaching of religion — even the ethics of 
it — is not a duty of the State is growing, 
and the fruitage may soon ripen. Where, 
then, look for the surer training of Chris- 
tian teachers ? The demand for them is not 
likely to cease in our land, for in every 
reaction against secularism the educative 
power of the Bible will be reasserted by 
people who care for the morality of their 
children. 

The Christian academies and colleges, 
without intrusiveness, are helping to meet 
this demand. Their normal departments, 
in the newer States, often enroll more students 
than the classical, and a fair proportion of 
them enter upon their intended work. 
These are the facts in Pierre College, of 
which a special word is requested. It may 
be taken as a sample of the institutions nur- 
tured by the Board of Aid. Now in the 
fifteenth year of its work, it has had at least 
133 normal students, of whom about ninety - 
six have been or are teachers in public 
schools, a goodly share of them for several 
years, and with noteworthy promotion. In 
general, they have manifested a high Chris- 
tian character, and not a few have been ac- 
tive helpers in missionary effort. 

Does not this normal work go far to 
justify the maintenance of the College ? 
Most of these young men and young women 
were not financially able to go far from home 
for education. They proved themselves 
worthy of any aid they received to supple- 
ment their hard earnings. Others will come 
as self-reliant, as earnest and as worthy. 
They may be far from the hand of wealth, 
yet they deserve to be near to the heart of 
a noble Church whose advance in the wide 
West must depend very much upon her 
investments in the higher education conse- 
crated to the Great Teacher. 

Pierre University, S. D. 



March, 1898.] 



GENESEO COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE, ILLINOIS. 



225 




Atkinson Hall. 

GENESEO COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. 

WILLIAM E. KIMBALL, D.D., 

President Board of Trustees. 

Beautiful for situation is Geneseo, the 
" Maple City," the seat of Geneseo Collegi- 
ate Institute. Its many attractive features 
and healthy conditions make it a very 
desirable place for those engaged in educa- 
tional pursuits. The Collegiate Institute 
was first opened to students in September, 
1884, has had thirteen prosperous years, 
and is continuing the work of an academy 
of high grade in a flourishing condition. 
The graduates, 189 in number, are taking 
prominent positions in professional and 
business life, or have a high standing in the 
colleges to which they have gone. 

The courses of study are classical and 
philosophical, giving an excellent prepara- 
tion for college, for teaching and for busi- 
ness. Special attention is given to the com- 
mercial course, and to the normal course for 
those who intend to be teachers. 

The Conservatory of Music is in charge 
of a musician of excellent ability who has 
had fourteen years of experience in teach- 
ing, aDd is doing very satisfactory work. 

The character of the Collegiate Institute 
is distinctively Christian. Daily chapel 
exercises, students' prayer meetings, and the 
meetings of the Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A., are well attended and sustained. 



A course of Bible study, with lectures on 
the books of the Bible, and a course on 
Christian citizenship are attended by all 
the students. The aim is to develop 
and strengthen the intellectual, moral 
and religious qualities of the students and 
to prepare them for practical and successful 
work in the home, the school, the Church 
and the State. 

There are no dormitories, but pleasant 
rooms can be secured at moderate prices in 
excellent Christian homes, with board, or 
for self-boarding, as may be desired. The 
total expense to a student need not be more 
than at an institution offering free tuition. 

The churches of the city give special 
attention to the spiritual needs of the stu- 
dents. 

A large public library and the library of 
the institute furnish a choice selection of 
books well adapted to students' use. 

The Collegiate Institute owns four large 
buildings, three of them brick, with com- 
modious rooms and halls. The Main Build- 
ing, a three-story edifice, with recitation 
rooms and chapel; Atkinson Hall, a two- 
story building, with an auditorium contain- 
ing 300 seats, and rooms for the Conserva- 
tory of Music; the Institute Home, a con- 
venient building for students' rooms, and 
Harding Place, a commodious two-story 
frame building standing on the same block 
as Atkinson Hall. By the articles of in- 
corporation, two-thirds of the trustees must 
be members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Since its beginning the Collegiate Institute 
has been under the fostering care of the 
College Board. A good start has been 
made toward securing an endowment, and 
if this can be completed the Institute will 
be on a permanent basis. 




Main Building. 



EDUCATION 




University of Colorado. Hale Scientific. 



CARE OF PRESBYTERIAN STU- 
DENTS AT STATE UNIVERSITIES. 

No topic before the General Assembly's 
Committee on Education occupied more of 
its time or excited deep°r interest in May 
last than the question, What recommendation 
to make with regard to a suitable provision 
for the religious care of the hundreds of 
Presbyterian students that are in attendance at 
the State universities. We called attention 
in our August article to the action taken by 
the Assembly on the recommendation of 
this committee. It expressed appreciation 
of what had already been done, but deemed 
it best, in view of the varying conditions in 
the several synods, not to express approval 
of any particular plan. It simply referred 
the whole subject to the synods with the 
earnest request that they take such action in 
each case as may be approved by them; 
the matter being, in the judgment of the 
Genera] Assembly, of immediate and 
pressing importance. The hope was also 
expressed that no plans would be adopted 
which could be properly interpreted as 
likely to lessen the influence of our denom- 
inational institutions. 
226 



We gave our opinion very emphatically 
in language which we will here repeat: 
" One thing is certain, the influence of the 
Church ought to follow Presbyterian students 
to their college halls, whether those halls be 
at State universities or at institidions of a 
distinctly religious character." 

THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO. 

When the writer was in Boulder, Colo., 
during the sessions of the synod of that 
State, in October last, he observed with 
deep interest the evident consciousness of 
responsibility on the part of the synod for 
the religious welfare of Presbyterian 
students at the State university which has 
its seat at the place of the synod's meeting. 
The plaa adopted proposes: I. The supervi- 
sion by the synod of the moral and spiritual 
interests of the Presbyterian students in 
attendance at the State university II. 
The appointment of a minister of our Church 
to the said work of supervision, presumably 
in connection with a lectureship in ethics or 
kindred subjects. III. The appointment of 
Rev. William Robson Xotman, pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church at Boulder, to said 
work. IV. A recommendation of synod 



March, 1898.] 



CARE OF PRE8BYTERIAN STUDENTS. 



227 



that an assistant to Mr. Nbtman be appointed 
to work with him, and under his direction, 
in parish and other labors. 

The synod adopted this plan under the 
conviction that, in prosecuting the work 
proposed under its provisions, no injury 
could possibly be done to our denomina- 
tional colleges, while something effective 
might be accomplished toward bringing 
religious influence and teaching to bear upon 
the students at the university without 
making any actual affiliation with that 
institution. There are over 600 in attend- 
ance, and more than 100 are Presbyterians. 
It looks indeed as though a door stood wide 
open before Mr. Notman for the doing of 
much good, for the regents have already 
given to him the standing he needs by assign- 
ing to him the chair of ethics. 

THE SITE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF 
COLORADO. 

The buildings have been erected on high 
grounds on the south side of Boulder Creek, 
about an hour's ride from Denver, and 
within sight of the snow-capped summit of 
Arapahoe Peak. The scenery is said to be 
unsurpassed in the Rocky Mountain region; 
and, in the neighboring canons and along 
the mountain roads, the views are said to 
rival in grandeur, variety and beauty 
anything to be seen in Switzerland. The 
wonderful salubrity of the climate is far- 
famed. Fifty -two acres of land were given 
for the purposes of the university by three 
citizens of Boulder in 1871. The act of 
incorporation had been granted by the Ter- 
ritorial Legislature ten years before. The 
Territorial and State Legislatures have pro- 
vided in all $166,000 for the institution, 
besides the 815,000 given by citizens, and 
an annual tax laid upon the assessed valua- 
tion of the property of the State provides 
for the running expenses. A fund has also 
been secured by the act of Congress which 
in 1875 set apart and reserved seventy -two 
sections of the public lands for its support. 
There are departments of the Liberal Arts, 
Applied Science, Law, Medicine and Den- 
tistry. 

RELIGION AT THE UNIVERSITY. 

Numerous churches in Boulder afford 
many opportunities for religious services and 
active work. A room specially furnished 
for their exclusive use gives accommodation 



for the Young Men's and the Young 
Women's Christian Associations, and under 
their auspices services are held every Sab- 
bath in the chapel. 

The gathering of the students every 
morning in the auditorium is for singing 
and the hearing of a short address, but not 
for prayers. 

WHAT HAS BEEN DONE IN PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Synod of Pennsylvania, in the fall of 
1896, recognized with satisfaction in the 
action of the General Assembly the fol- 
lowing underlying principles: a. That it 
is the duty of the Church to care for the 
religious welfare of Presbyterian students 
who find their way into State or secular 
institutions. They are in a position where 
the only hope of their receiving such 
instruction and care as long experience in 
educational matters has proven to us is best 
is in the efforts of the Church, b. The 
synod is held responsible for this great 
educational work of the Church. This is 
natural since all our educational work is 
more under the immediate oversight and 
direction of the synod than of any of our 
Church courts. 

Reports were received from State College 
and from the West Virginia University. 
At State College it appeared that there were 
120 Presbyterian t students in attendance, of 
whom about fifty were in the full com- 
munion of the Church. A majority of the 
professors ar^s church members ; three of 
them elders * i the Presbyterian Church. 
Daily prayers are held, and a religious 
service is conducted every Sabbath morning 
in the chapel by evangelical ministers. At 
these services all students are required to be 
present, and the governing thought at the 
college is declared to be that the train- 
ing of the soul is the highest aim of edu- 
cation. 

It appeared from the report of the Pres- 
bytery of Parkersburg that at the West 
Virginia State University over 400 students 
were in attendance, and that of these a very 
considerable proportion came from Presby- 
terian families. An attractive church home 
has been provided for these students by the 
erection of a church building at Morgan- 
town, the seat of the university, with the 
encouragement of the presbytery, and the 
aid of a number of congregations in that 
part of the State. It is further the purpose 



228 



CARE OF PRESBYTERIAN STUDENTS. 



[March, 



of those interested in this work to form an 
association, something after the plan of the 
Tappan Hall Association of Ann Arbor, 
Mich., through which everything needful for 
the moral and spiritual care of the students 
may be done. 

The synod took action calliug the atten- 
tion of presbyteries within the bounds of 



which State colleges or secular institutions 
are located to look into the question of 
what is being done to save our students to 
the Church and train them for efficiency 
therein, and to determine whether anything 
additional is desirable or practicable, and 
to make report to the next meeting of synod. 
It further appointed a committee of three to 







> 




■ 



1898.] 



AS MUCH AS LAST YEAR CAST DOWN BUT NOT DESTROYED. 



229 



visit West Virginia University and to 
report the result of their observations. 

The report of this latter committee was 
presented to the synod of 1897, and showed 
that a number of denominations of Chris- 
tians are already taking steps toward some 
method by which the religious care and 
culture of their young people in the univer- 
sity may be provided for. The Episcopal 
Church owns a large building, into which 
her young people are gathered, and where 
they room and board, and where they are 
under the direct ecclesiastical supervision of 
that denomination. In this building were 
found a number of Presbyterian youths, 
who, with others, are brought under influ- 
ences calculated to alienate them from sym- 
pathy with the Church of their fathers. It 
was in view of this state of things that, in 



June last, a meeting was called for the pur- 
pose of forming " The Presbyterian Asso- 
ciation of West Virginia University," in 
order that provision might be made for the 
better moral and spiritual care of Presbyte- 
rian students and students of Presbyterian 
tendencies. 

The association was not yet completed 
at the time of the report. The Presby- 
terians of that part of the synod are en- 
thusiastic in their zeal to do what is best, 
but are encountering difficulties which seem 
to make a demand upon the sympathy 
and cooperation of the whole synod. This 
sympathy and cooperation has been pledged, 
and the presbytery has received warm com- 
mendation for the zeal it is displaying in a 
matter which is recognized as of immediate 
and pressing importance. 



FREEDMEN 



AS MUCH AS LAST YEAR. 

The Board sincerely hoped and reason- 
ably expected that it would receive this year 
as much as it did last year. We have not 
given up hope yet that this will be the case. 

Up to January 1, we were short on this 
calculation about 64000. We ought to 
have received $65,000. Between now and 
the close of the year to overcome this fall- 
ing off and make the receipts as large as 
last year, we must obtain about 872,000. 
Last year in the last three months we re- 
ceived $68,000. Will the friends of our 
cause help us to overtake this difference ? 

It is a delicate thing to write to a pastor 
after receiving his collection and tell him it 
is not as large as it was last year. We are 
afraid sometimes this will seem ungracious 
and it might offend. 

Will not, therefore, pa* tors look at their 
collections; compare them with the year 
before, and if they have fallen behind 
will they not in some way for their own 
credit and for the good of the cause bring 
them at least to last year's figures ? 

The Board went to the Assembly last 
year with the report that it stood ready to 
close seventeen boarding-schools, and thus 
save 811,000, if the Assembly thought 



best. The Assembly said, " No; do not 
close the schools, but appeal to the churches 
for the extra $11, 000." The appeal has 
been made, some churches have increased 
their offerings, while others have fallen 
behind. 

Once more in the Master's name we ask, 
first, for at least as much as last year, and, 
second, if possible, an increase of the ten 
per cent, that would be necessary to give us 
the $11,000 additional that the work 
demands and the Assembly said we ought 
to have. 

The seventeen schools may yet be closed! 
May God forbid. 



CAST DOWN BUT NOT DE- 
STROYED. 

" You may not have heard of it, but our 

church at was blown down by the 

storm last June. It was not finished, but 
it was hulled in, and we were holding our 
services in it. There was no loss of life in 
this section, though there was a great deal 
of property destroyed by the storm. 

In there was another church blown 

down, and several houses. It was quite 
discouraging to our little flock who had 



230 



REV. J. T. H. WAITE. 



[March, 



labored so hard to get into their new 
church, but thank God the church is out of 
its ruins, and is now in the process of 
rebuilding; and, God willing, we shall hold 
our first service in it the first Sunday in next 
month. We ask your prayers for God's 
favor upon us." 



REV. J. T. H. WAITE, DORCHES- 
TER, GA. 

Many of the friends of our work among 
the Freedmen will recognize the kindly face 
of good brother Waite. of Dorchester, Ga., 
in the accompanying photograph. Rev. 
Mr. Waite is one of the few white minis- 
ters remaining in the service of the Freed - 
men's Board as pastors of colored churches. 
There is but one other now on the list, and 
that is Rev. J. M. Rittenhouse, of Crewe, 
Va. There are other white ministers en- 
gaged in our work, but they are in connec- 
tion with the Educational Department of it. 
When the work began, necessarily the most 
of the ministers employed in preaching to 
the colored people were white men. Little 




Rev. J. T. H. Waite. 



by little as colored men were raised up for 
the ministry they took the places of their 
predecessors, and now but two of the orig- 
inal devoted band of consecrated white 
missionaries remain. Rev. Mr. Waite has 
been in charge of the Med way Church, 
Liberty county, Ga., for more than twenty- 
five years. Mr. Waite began his ministry 
so early in life that he was at the time known 
as " the boy preacher." He, for a number 
of years, ministered to a prominent Pres- 
byterian church in Charleston, beginning 
his work some time before he had attained 
his majority. In one of his recent letters 
he narrates the incident that determined the 
course of his early ministry: " An old 
Negress in Charleston fixed my career in 
the South when I was a boy preacher in 
1845. I had voyaged from New York to 
Charleston with my father, intending to 
return with him. The pilot wanted his 
church to hear me, and his pastor sent me 
an invitation to the ship. In the galleries 
were hundreds of blacks, the first I ever 
saw. The whites were cultured slave- 
holders. The text was : ' ' Prepare to meet 
thy God." In the midst of the sermon, an 
old mammy let out an unearthly shriek, 
and filled the gallery with emotion. Evi- 
dently the whites were startled. The next 
day an official deputation came to the ship 
and offered me (the boy) the pastorate of 
that fine church — for their minister was 
leaving — and I had not sense enough to 
decline. So I continued in the South many 
years." 

A few years after the war Mr. Waite, 
impressed with the greatness of the work 
laid upon the conscience of the Church of 
evangelizing the great hordes of colored 
people that had been turned loose to shift 
for themselves, applied to the Freedmen' s 
Board to be commissioned to the work. He 
was sent to Liberty county, Ga., where the 
population since the war has been almost 
entirely colored. He has labored faithfully 
and successfully in his chosen field, and has 
been as veritable a missionary to the Africans 
as though he had buried himself in the 
heart of Africa. His wife is a native of 
Georgia, and in all his life-long labors has 
been to him a helpmate indeed in the heart- 
felt sympathy and cooperation with which 
she has encouraged and aided him in all his 
labors. It is needless to say that the poor 
people to whom he has given his life, love 



1898.] 



HJW A SCHOOL GREW. 



231 



and venerate him as few men are venerated 
by the people to whom they minister. Bro. 
Waite is now near the evening of his life, 
being almost seventy years of age having 
been in the ministry over fifty years. His 
family have grown up around him in Chris- 
tian faith, and one of his sons is in the 
Presbyterian ministry in charge of a church 
in the North. The position of this good 
and great servant of God may be regarded 
by some as having been obscure, as the 
world counts obscurity, but in the light of 
God's word and in the light of heaven, few 
men in this land have in the last twenty -five 
years occupied a higher or more honored 
place. " They that be wise shall shine as 
the brightness of the firmament, and they 
that turn many to righteousness, as the 
stars forever and ever." 



HOW A SCHOOL GREW. 

The Board has persistently declined all 
requests for aid toward opening new schools, 
and beside this has closed many of the 
parochial schools during the last four years 
on account of lack of funds. But in spite 
of our policy of forced retrenchment, the 
work grows. Here is a sample: 

" That little reading-room that I was 
telling you about sometime ago, and for 
which you had some papers sent me, is now 



a school-room. Instead of fifteen of our 
young people meeting here once a week for 
an hour and a half, forty meet five times 
a week for seven hours, and we do parochial 
work as approved by the Presbyterian 
Church. I give our present number. Our 
school ran eleven weeks before Christmas, 
and we had a roll of sixty-seven scholars, 
and an average attendance of fifty. It has 
been so cold since Christmas that several 
parents report that their children are not 
sufficiently clothed to come. As soon as it 
gets warmer, I think we will be crowded out 
again. Our little reading-room is only 24 
x 12 feet. Before Christmas we had tc 
use our dining-room and my study to 
accommodate the scholars. Our school is 

known as the Private School. We 

arranged for fifty scholars, not once think- 
ing that we would have over that number. 
We only charged twenty-five cents a 
month, hoping to put it in reach of as 
many as possible. So when they came, we 
hated to turn them off, and especially when 
there was no other school to which they 
might go. We thank you for what you 
did for our reading-room, and we will be 
glad to have you do anything you can for 
our school. Will you kindly send us blanks 
and let us make monthly reports? 
' ' Yours hopefully, 



—Says Mr. John R. Mott : "We recall a little 
group of shoemakers in the city of Hamburg, over 
a century ago, who had the idea of discharging 
their duty to their generation. Seven shoemakers, 
who bound themselves together for the spread of 
missions, and as a consequence, before their genera- 
tion closed, they had founded fifty churches, had 
gathered ten thousand communicants, had distrib- 
uted four hundred thousand copies of the Scrip- 
tures and four million pages of tracts, and, it is 
said, had evangelized a region including fifty mil- 
lions of people." 

— A Malagasy youth from Farafangana, named 
Rametosela (a corruption of Methusela), finished 
last June his theological studies at the mission 
college in Tananarive. When the lists were read 
at the prize distribution his name appeared at the 
head. During the four years' course he was one 
of seventeen students living in the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Sharman. Three weeks before leaving, 



his brother Ramaka came to visit him at the 
capital. He was ignorant of the Christian religion, 
did not even know his A, B, D (there is no C in 
Malagasy), and was extremely bashful at finding 
himself in such civilized company. One evening 
the two brothers went together to a magic Ian tern 
entertainment given for the students and their 
friends, where, by some unfortunate means, Ramaka 
lost his new hat which Rametosela had given him. 
Returning home all were chatting together in the 
boys' dining-room, but Ramaka was sad and de- 
jected over his loss. Sorrow was expressed, but it 
was decided that merely feeling sorry was not 
satisfactory, and a collection was suggested. The 
boys gave liberally, and the whole amount was 
enough for a new hat and a present besides. 
Ramaka was taken aback and could scarcely 
realize his good fortune. This gave an opportunity 
to teach him one of his first lessons — that loving 
Jesus constrains one not only to pity but to help 
those in trouble. 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 




HERALDIC SEAL OF THE BOARD. 

To the Rev. Henry C. McCook, D.D., 
the honor is due of designing the seal for 
the Presbyterian Board of Relief. 

On the seal you notice a large, indeed, an 
illimitable field of wheat, partly cut down. 
Some sheaves and a shock of wheat are 
seen at the right of the picture. A man, 
who has been long laboring in the harvest 
field until he has grown old and feeble, is 
no longer capable of enduring the burden 
and heat of the day, and a young man, 
who is strong and vigorous, tells him that 
it is time for him to cease from such bur- 
densome work and let younger men continue 
the reaping. The old man has lovea the work, 
and he is exceedingly loath to give it up, 
but as the young man insists upon it, he 
drops the sickle and stands and gazes at 
the magnificent harvest before him all ready 
for the reaping. The young man takes 
him w